Russian Premier League
The Russian Premier League (RPL; Russian: Российская премьер-лига; РПЛ) (Russian Premier Liga) is the top division professional association football league in Russia. It was established at the end of 2001 as the Russian Football Premier League (RFPL; Russian: Российская футбольная премьер-лига; РФПЛ) and was rebranded with its current name in 2018. From 1992 through 2001, the top level of the Russian football league system was the Russian Football Championship (Russian: Чемпионат России по футболу, Chempionat Rossii po Futbolu). There are 16 teams in the competition. The league has three Champions League qualifying spots given to the top three teams at the end of the season and the two Europa League spots will be allocated to the fourth and fifth placed teams. The last two teams are relegated to the Russian National Football League at the end of the season.
|Organising body||Russian Football Union (RFU)|
|Founded||1992 (as Top League)|
2001 (as Premier League)
|Number of teams||16|
|Level on pyramid||1|
|Relegation to||Football National League|
|Domestic cup(s)||Russian Cup|
Russian Super Cup
|International cup(s)||UEFA Champions League|
UEFA Europa League
UEFA Europa Conference League
|Current champions||Zenit Saint Petersburg (7th title) |
|Most championships||Spartak Moscow (10 titles)|
|TV partners||List of broadcasters|
|Current: 2020–21 Russian Premier League|
The Russian Premier League succeeded the Top Division including history and records. The Top Division was run by the Professional Football League of Russia. Creation of the Premier League is considered to give the clubs a greater degree of independence. The league is currently called Tinkoff Russian Premier League (Russian: Тинькофф Российская Премьер-Лига) (Tinkoff Russian Premier Liga) for sponsorship reasons.
Since the introduction of the Russian Premier League in 2002, Zenit Saint Petersburg (7 times), CSKA Moscow (6 times), Lokomotiv Moscow (3 times), Rubin Kazan (2 times) and Spartak Moscow (1 time) have won the title. Zenit Saint Petersburg are the current Russian Premier League champions.
After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, starting in 1992, each former Soviet republic organized an independent national championship. In Russia, the six Russian teams who had played in the Soviet Top League in 1991 (CSKA Moscow, Spartak Moscow, Torpedo Moscow, Dynamo Moscow, Spartak Vladikavkaz, and Lokomotiv Moscow) were supplemented with 14 teams from lower divisions to form a 20-team Russian Top Division. The Top Division was further divided into two groups to reduce the total number of matches. The number of teams in the Top Division was gradually reduced to 18 in 1993 and 16 in 1994. Since then, the Russian Top Division (and the Premier League since 2002) has consisted of 16 teams, except for a short-lived experiment with having two more teams in 1996 and 1997.
Spartak Moscow was the dominant force in the top division, winning nine of the first ten titles. Spartak-Alania Vladikavkaz was the only team which managed to break Spartak's dominance, winning the top division title in 1995. Lokomotiv Moscow have won the title three times, and CSKA Moscow six times.
In 2007, Zenit St. Petersburg climbed to the top, winning the title for the first time in their history in Russian professional football; they had also won a Soviet title in 1984. 2008 brought the rise of Rubin Kazan, a club entirely new to the Russian top flight, as it had never competed in the Soviet Top League.
Teams in the Russian Premier League play each other twice, once at home and once away, for a total of 30 matches. Three points are awarded for a win, one for a draw, and none for a loss. If teams are level on points, the tie-breakers are the number of wins, then the goal difference, followed by several other factors. If the teams are tied for the first position, the tie-breakers are the number of wins, then head-to-head results. If the teams tied for the first place cannot be separated by these tie-breakers, a championship play-off is ordered.
As of 2020–21 season, the champions qualify for the UEFA Champions League group stage. The runners-up qualifies for the Champions League third qualifying round. The third and fourth-place teams qualify for the UEFA Europa Conference League. If the winner of Russian Cup ends in first or second on the championship in same season, then the third-place team qualifies to UEFA Europa League group stage, while fourth and fifth-place teams qualify for the UEFA Europa Conference League instead. The bottom two teams are relegated to the National League. Starting on the 2020–21 season the teams ranked in 13th and 14th-place play a two legs relegation play-off against 4th and 3rd-place team from National League. The two winners of this play-off secures the right to play in Premier League in following season.
Unlike most other European football leagues, the league traditionally used to ran in summer, from March to November, to avoid playing games in the cold and snowy weather in winter. This was altered ahead of the 2012–13 season, with the league planning to run the season from autumn to spring. The transitional season of the competition began in early 2011 and continued until summer of 2012. After the 16 Premier League teams played each other twice over the course of the 2011 calendar year, they were split into two groups of eight, and the teams played other teams in their groups two more times for a total of 44 games (30 in 2011 and 14 in 2012). Those two groups were contested in spring 2012, with the top eight clubs playing for the title and European places. The other sides vied to avoid relegation: the bottom two went down while the next two played off against the sides third and fourth in the National Football League, with the two losers being relegated (or denied promotion). Under the current autumn-spring calendar, the league takes a three-month winter break from mid-December until mid-March. Merging the calendar with other UEFA leagues however, has increased numbers of games in winter. This has resulted in the Russian Far East and Siberian teams being forced to play more home games in hostile weather conditions which affected the Premier League when SKA Khabarovsk took part.
The Youth championship (Russian: Молодежное первенство), also known as Youth teams championship (Russian: Первенство молодёжных команд), Reserve team tournament (Russian: Турнир дублирующих составов) or Reserves tournament (Russian: Турнир дублёров), full name Youth football championship of Russia among teams of clubs of the Premier League (Russian: Молодёжное Первенство России по футболу среди команд клубов Премьер-Лиги), is a league that runs in parallel to the Russian Premier League and includes the youth or reserve teams of the Russian Premier League teams. The number of players a team can have on the pitch at a time that are over 21 years of age or without a Russian citizenship is limited. 16 teams participate in the league. Matches are commonly played a day before the match of the senior teams of the respective teams. All of the Russian Premier League teams are obliged to have a youth team that would participate in the Youth championship. The teams that are promoted from the National Football League and do not have a youth team must create one. The teams in the league are not relegated based on their final league position, but on the league position of their respective clubs' senior teams.
It has to be noted however that some Premier League clubs have three teams. Apart from the senior team and the team that plays in the Youth championship a team might have another senior team that plays in a lower division of Russian football and serves as the farm team for the main team. Some examples include Spartak-2 and Zenit-2, playing in the Russian Football National League.
Reserves tournament champions (2001–2007)Edit
- 2001: Rotor Volgograd
- 2002: Dynamo Moscow
- 2003: Dynamo Moscow
- 2004: Terek Grozny
- 2005: CSKA Moscow
- 2006: Spartak Moscow
- 2007: Spartak Moscow
Youth championship winners (since 2008)Edit
UEFA club rankingsEdit
|27||Zenit Saint Petersburg||50.000|
The following teams are competing in the 2020–21 season:
|Arsenal Tula||Tula||Arsenal Stadium||20,048|
|CSKA Moscow||Moscow||VEB Arena||30,457|
|Dynamo Moscow||Moscow||VTB Arena||26,700|
|Khimki||Khimki, Moscow Region||Arena Khimki||18,636|
|Lokomotiv Moscow||Moscow||Lokomotiv Stadium||27,320|
|Rotor Volgograd||Volgograd||Volgograd Arena||45,568|
|Rubin Kazan||Kazan||Kazan Arena||45,093|
|Sochi||Sochi||Fisht Olympic Stadium||44,287|
|Spartak Moscow||Moscow||Otkrytiye Arena||44,307|
|FC Ural Yekaterinburg||Yekaterinburg||Central Stadium||35,696|
|Zenit Saint Petersburg||Saint Petersburg||Krestovsky Stadium||67,800|
Champions and top scorersEdit
Performance by clubEdit
|Club||Winners||Runners-up||Third place||Seasons won|
|Spartak Moscow||1992, 1993, 1994, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2016–17|
|Zenit Saint Petersburg||2007, 2010, 2011–12, 2014–15, 2018–19, 2019–20, 2020–21|
|CSKA Moscow||2003, 2005, 2006, 2012–13, 2013–14, 2015–16|
|Lokomotiv Moscow||2002, 2004, 2017–18|
|Rubin Kazan||2008, 2009|
|Krylia Sovetov Samara|
UEFA League Ranking at the end of the 2018–19 season:
- As of the end of the 2017–18 season. Teams in bold compete in 2018–19 Premier League.
|4||Zenit Saint Petersburg||24||2||712||334||192||156||1085-680||1247||4||3||4|
|6||Krylya Sovetov Samara||25||3||746||233||207||306||793–971||906||-||-||1|
|10||Alania Vladikavkaz||16||3||2012–13||489||179||109||201||630–663||646||1||2||-||Disbanded and reestablished 2014|
|12||Amkar Perm||14||1||2017–18||434||114||131||159||368–478||508||-||-||-||Disbanded 2018|
|13||Saturn Moscow Oblast||12||1||2010||360||120||121||119||396–378||481||-||-||-|
|14||Akhmat Grozny||12||2||344||102||77||135||322–404||422 4||-||-||-|
|15||Ural Sverdlovsk Oblast||11||2||308||93||58||127||337–421||374||-||-||-|
|24||Zhemchuzhina Sochi||7||1||1999||222||61||57||104||263–390||240||-||-||-||Disbanded 2003 and 2013, reestablished 2007|
|27||KAMAZ Naberezhnye Chelny||5||1||1997||162||51||32||79||198–253||179 5||-||-||-|
|28||Uralan Elista||5||2||2003||150||36||39||75||138–225||147||-||-||-||Disbanded 2005, reestablished 2014|
|33||Dynamo Stavropol||3||1||1994||94||27||23||44||94–125||104||-||-||-||Disbanded 2014, re-established 2015|
|36||Volga Nizhny Novgorod||3||1||2013–14||104||25||16||63||87–171||91||-||-||-||Disbanded 2016|
|38||Okean Nakhodka||2||1||1993||64||22||14||28||65–83||80||-||-||-||Disbanded 2015, reestablished 2018|
|40||Asmaral Moscow||2||1||1993||60||19||11||30||74–102||68||-||-||-||Disbanded 1999|
|Competing in RPL|
|Competing in FNL (2nd tier)|
|Competing in PFL (3rd tier)|
|Competing in amateur leagues (below 3rd tier)|
|Defunct (see notes)|
- For clubs that have been renamed, their name at the time of their most recent season in the Russian League is given. The current members are listed in bold.
- Includes championship play-offs, does not include relegation play-offs.
- For the purposes of this table, each win is worth 3 points. The three-point system was adopted in 1995.
- Terek were deducted 6 points in 2005.
- KAMAZ-Chally were deducted 6 points in 1997.
- As of 16 May 2021
2020–21 and 2021–22Edit
Russia and CISEdit
|Match TV||60 matches per season live|||
|Match Premier||All 240 matches live|
the Super Cup matches for viewers in Russia are excluded.
Worldwide (excluding Russia, CIS, and China)Edit
All 240 matches are aired live globally on YouTube with a required subscription. There will be two membership levels for the viewers outside Russia, CIS, and China. The first level includes two matches with English commentary each matchday and will cost a monthly fee of $2.99. The second level, for $4.99 a month, gives subscribers access to all eight matches in Russian and two matches with English commentary as well. In 2018–19 season, YouTube broadcast four live matches per week for free (in matchweek 30, aired all last eight matches). From 2020–21, YouTube also broadcast the FTA coverage of Super Cup before airing the league.
- "Russian Premier League". uefa.com. Archived from the original on 11 December 2014.
- "RFPL". rfpl.org. Archived from the original on 29 November 2014.
- "ABOUT RUSSIAN FOOTBALL CHAMPIONSHIP". rfpl.org. Archived from the original on 7 June 2017.
- "Tinkoff named title partner of the Russian Premier Liga". Russian Premier Liga. Retrieved 17 September 2020.
- "Футбол и сомбреро, они, если честно... Новые логотипы РФПЛ как прививка от скуки" (in Russian). Archived from the original on 18 April 2018. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
- "Новый логотип премьер-лиги. Просто бомба!" (in Russian). 12 April 2018. Archived from the original on 29 June 2018. Retrieved 12 September 2018.
- "Медведь на логотипе РФПЛ" (in Russian). Archived from the original on 18 June 2018. Retrieved 12 September 2018.
- "Представлен рабочий вариант нового логотипа РФПЛ" (in Russian). Archived from the original on 18 June 2018. Retrieved 12 September 2018.
- "Cоздание логотипа Российской премьер-лиги". www.artlebedev.ru (in Russian). Archived from the original on 14 July 2018. Retrieved 12 September 2018.
- "Russian league switches to new calendar". UEFA.com. UEFA. 13 September 2010. Archived from the original on 17 February 2012. Retrieved 13 September 2010.
- "Russia fears freezing out top players". Gulf News. 21 November 2017. Retrieved 1 January 2021.
- "Member associations - UEFA rankings - Club coefficients – UEFA.com". UEFA.com. Retrieved 17 December 2020.
- "Arena CSKA (VEB Arena)".
- "Kazan Arena".
- "Otkritie Arena".
- "Arena St Petersburg".
- "Match TV creates new channel for Russian Premier Liga". SportBusiness Media. 25 July 2018. Retrieved 20 June 2020.
- "Russian Premier Liga launches YouTube memberships to broadcast all matches of the 2019/2020 season live". Russian Premier League. Retrieved 20 June 2020.
- Sansun, David (2 March 2019). "RPL announce live matches to be broadcast free on YouTube". Russian Football News. Retrieved 17 March 2019.
- "Sports content 2020-21 from 22 Sports Channels". cyta.com.cy. Retrieved 9 August 2020.
- "LaLigaSportsTV and Telestare acquire RPL broadcast rights". eng.premierliga.ru. Retrieved 7 August 2020.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Russian Premier League.|