FC Amkar Perm
FC Amkar Perm (Russian: Футбо́льный клуб "Амка́р" Пермь [fʊdˈbolʲnɨj ˈkɫup ɐmˈkar pʲɛrmʲ]) was a professional football club. Founded in 1994, it was based in the city of Perm. It has been a participant in the Russian professional football league since 1995 and in the Russian Premier League from 2004 to 2018. Amkar's home stadium was the Zvezda Stadium, which was covered with artificial turf in 2005.
|Full name||Общественная организация г. Перми «Футбольный клуб «Амкар»|
(Community organization of Perm city "Football Club 'Amkar'")
|Nickname(s)||Krasno-chernye (The Red and Blacks), permyaki, ammiachniye|
|Chairman||Gennady Shilov |
1994–1999. Third and Second LeaguesEdit
The Amkar football club was created to represent the Perm Inorganic Fertilizer Company. The club's "birthday" is 8 May 1993, although it was only registered officially on 6 December 1994. The name "Amkar" derives from a combination of parts of the Russian words "AMmiak" (ammonia) and "KARbamid (carbamide, urea) – these two substances being the main products of the plant. The team owes the choice of club colours (red and black) to its Italian trade partners from the city of Milan, who responded to a request for help by offering equipment from A.C. Milan. And so the club colours became red and black. The basis of the new team was made up of company employees. In 1994, Amkar, strengthened by amateur players from other city teams and a few former professionals, became champion of the city of Perm and the Perm region and also won the regional Cup. The club was officially registered on 6 December 1994 and applied to participate in the Russian football league. Amkar was included in the third league of the Russian Championship.
In 1995, the team, reinforced by former players of Zvezda Perm, was second in the sixth group of the third league and qualified for the second league. In 1996, Amkar finished in third place in the central group of the second league and in 1997, the club was second in the tournament.
On 12 September 1998, Spartak Moscow paid a visit to Amkar for a Russian Cup tie. Spartak's previous visit to the Western Urals was in 1977 as a first division side, when they were close to a return to the top tier of domestic football. The match attracted enormous interest and the 25,000-capacity stadium was filled to capacity for the first time in its 30-year history. The match finished 1–0 in favour of Amkar. In the league, "Permyaki" accumulated 93% of the possible number of points and scored 100 goals. Amkar took first place and earned the right to play in the First Division.
1999–2004. First DivisionEdit
From 1999 to 2003, the team performed reasonably well in the First Division, finishing each year in the top six. In the 2001–02 season, the club reached the semi-final of the Russian Cup but lost to CSKA Moscow 0–1. In 2003, with two matches left to play, Amkar was in fourth position, one point behind Kuban Krasnodar and losing out to Tom Tomsk and Terek Grozny on the total number of wins. According to the pundits, Amkar and Terek would be losers in this four-horse race but a sensational draw between Tom and Baltika Kaliningrad made the red and blacks favourites. In the final match, Kuban and Terek played each other. In order to move up into the Premier League, Amkar needed a win against Fakel Voronezh, which was duly achieved.
In the Premier League, Amkar at first performed satisfactorily, finishing 11th, 12th and 13th in 2004, 2005 and 2006 respectively. Before the first season in the Premier League, Amkar was strengthened by such players as Ivan Levenets, Oleksandr Shutov, Vladimir Leonchenko, Zahari Sirakov, Andrei Lavrik, Ghenadie Olexici, Noureddine Ziyati and Erik Lincar, among others, and their debut match was away against Kuban Krasnodar. The match finished 0–0. In the first rounds, the team played well, gathering eight points in four matches with just a single defeat. In the 2004–05 season, Amkar repeated its success in the Russian Cup, once more reaching the semi-finals, but losing on aggregate 0–2 to Khimki. There were many memorable matches in the 2005 season, including a 1–0 home win over Zenit Saint Petersburg, a large 4–1 win over Dynamo Moscow and a 3–4 defeat to Lokomotiv Moscow, despite Amkar leading 3–0 at half-time. In the middle of the 2006 season, head coach Sergei Oborin resigned and was replaced by Rashid Rakhimov. Amkar began to play very good football, and in the part of the championship between the 19th and 30th rounds, Amkar was in fourth-place in the league. In the same season, Amkar had the longest series of matches in the Premier League without conceding a goal, with 15.
2008. The most successful seasonEdit
In 2007, the club made two key acquisitions: Georgi Peev arrived from Dynamo Kyiv and Nikola Drinčić from Turkish club Gaziantepspor. These players became leaders of the team and during the season the team was no longer forced to struggle for survival and could play more confidently, but several factors prevented it from rising higher than eighth place. However, in the 2007–08 Russian Cup, Amkar achieved its best result in its history. On 16 April 2008, the club beat Ural Yekaterinburg 1–0 and reached the final, losing to CSKA Moscow in a penalty shootout.
Before the start of the 2008 season, head coach Rashid Rakhimov left the club for Lokomotiv Moscow and was replaced by a little-known specialist from Montenegro, Miodrag Božović. Before the break for UEFA Euro 2008, Amkar was in third place in the standings, one point behind second-placed Spartak Moscow and six adrift of leaders Rubin Kazan. After the break, one of Amkar's team leaders, Vladimir Gabulov, and the captain, Aleksei Popov, left the team to join Dynamo Moscow and Rubin Kazan respectively. Two matches in a row on the "equator" of the Championship Amkar could have topped the league table but was unable to beat Tom Tomsk and Spartak Nalchik at home. On 16 November, after beating Tom in Tomsk, with one match left to play, the team from the Urals secured fourth place in the league to earn a spot in the qualifying round of the UEFA Europa League. Once more, Amkar had the best record in the Premier League for not conceding goals, with 17 matches. The 2008 season had been the best in the history of Amkar.
The following season, Dimitar Dimitrov, having replaced Miodrag Božović, was unable to continue the success of his predecessor. For the first five rounds of the 2009 Championship, the team conceded just one goal, but thereafter began to commit gross mistakes in defence on a regular basis, as a result of which the club was left fighting for survival. On 27 August, Amkar played hosts to English Premier League club Fulham in the second leg of the 2009–10 UEFA Europa League play-off match, having lost the first leg in London 1–3, which left little hope of reaching the group stage of the tournament. The match in Perm was played before a full stadium and Amkar won 1–0, but that was not enough to go through to the next round. After the 20th round of the Championship, Rashid Rakhimov returned as head coach with the specific task of retaining the club's place in the Premier League, a task which he successfully fulfilled. Notably, in the 2009 Russian Championship, Amkar's goalkeepers saved four penalties out of five.
In the Russian Cup, Amkar defeated the two Avangard clubs from Kursk and Podolsk, then in the quarter-final was awarded a technical victory over the defunct FC Moscow. However, on 21 April 2010, Amkar lost at home in the semi-final to Zenit in a penalty shoot-out, having played full-time and extra time 0–0. In the 2010 season, fighting for survival until the very end, for the first time not having won a single match away from home and scoring the least number of goals, Amkar finished in 14th place and retained their place in the Premier League. After the final whistle had sounded in the last match of the season, Martin Kushev, captain and one of the best players in the history of the club, the team's top scorer in the Premier League, having played for Amkar from 2005 till 2010, announced the end of his career as a player. After the completion of his playing career at Amkar, Martin should have become assistant coach to Rakhimov, but the management offered him a place in the coaching staff of the youth team. Kushev preferred to return to Bulgaria to join Slavia Sofia. Six months later, he became head coach of Slavia.
On 21 December 2010, a statement to the effect that Amkar was voluntarily to join the First Division due to financial difficulties appeared on the club's official website. As a result, supporters of the club attempted to raise funds in support of Amkar, appealing to representatives of Perm business circles. However, the powers that be did not rate the actions of the supporters highly. Gennady Shilov stated that he was prepared to replace retiring Valery Chuprakov as club President. Shilov also stated an intent to approach the regional authorities for help and to look for sponsors. The Premier League gave Amkar until 15 January. On 25 January 2011 Amkar withdrew its request to leave the Premier League.
In 2011, the club began to give more opportunities to young players such as Mikhalyov, Kolomeytsev, Burmistrov and Sekretov. The team had an inconsistent season, memorable for the club and the fans were dramatic matches with Kuban Krasnodar, which ended in a 3–2 defeat, a 1–1 draw with Zenit at the Petrovsky Stadium and a 2–1 victory over Spartak Moscow at the Luzhniki Stadium. On 28 September 2011, after a series of ten matches without a win in official matches, the club parted with Rashid Rakhimov by mutual consent. The next day, 29 September 2011, the team introduced its new head coach, Miodrag Božović, who had been head of Amkar in 2008 and led the club to fourth place in the Russian Championship and the final of the National Cup. After the first half of the 2011–12 Russian Championship season, the team was in 12th place.
On 11 June 2012, Miodrag Božović resigned once more as head coach and the Youth Team Head Coach, Rustem Khuzin, was appointed acting head coach. Under their new coach Amkar, for the first time in their history, the club beat CSKA Moscow (3–1) in the second half of the Championship. In the 12th round match against Terek Grozny, Amkar appeared in new kit with the Uralkali logo. However, the team played poorly for the rest of the season, managing only four points from their last eight games (an away win over Lokomotiv Moscow and a draw away to Mordovia Saransk).
On 17 January 2013 in view of the fact that Rustem Huzin had been accepted on a coaching course for his UEFA Pro Licence, he became eligible for the post of head coach, and Trubachev's contract was terminated. From then on, Huzin officially served as Amkar's head coach. Under Huzin, Amkar recorded its biggest ever victory in the Premier League over Alania Vladikavkaz (5–1), and then played out draws with Dynamo Moscow (1–1), and Rubin Kazan (1–1), having lost their Spring matches to Kuban Krasnodar (1–2) and Spartak Moscow (0–2). A series without a win followed the victory over Alania and after the Dynamo match Amkar lost to Terek Grozny (1–2) and Lokomotiv Moscow (2–4). After another devastating defeat from Kuban (0–4), followed by a victory over their direct rivals Rostov (3–2), and a goalless draw with Zenit, the club retained the right to play in the Premier League.
In June 2013, the club opted not to renew the contracts of Rustem Huzin and senior team coach Alexander Gorshkov, which were due to expire in the summer. Amkar's new head coach became Stanislav Cherchesov, who had previously been working with Terek Grozny. He was appointed on a two-year contract and was accompanied by the new senior team coach Miroslav Romaschenko, goalkeeper coach Gintaras Staučė team doctor Eduard Tsgoev, all of whom had been at Terek.
On 13 June 2018, the club announced that the Russian Football Union had recalled their 2018–19 season license, making them ineligible for the Russian Premier League or Russian Football National League. On 18 June 2018, club president Gennadi Shilov announced that the club would not register for the third-tier Russian Professional Football League and would be dissolved. FC Zvezda Perm was reestablished during the offseason and entered the PFL for the 2018–19 season.
Russian Championship and Cup resultsEdit
|2010/11||no competition; because of format change||1/8|
Amkar participated in European football only once. Having finished fourth in the 2008 Russian Championship, the club earned the right to play in the Europa League. Amkar lost the first match to the English club Fulham 1–3, and although they won the second match 1–0, the team was eliminated on aggregate and Fulham progressed, eventually reaching the final.
- As of match played 27 August 2009
|UEFA Europa League||2||1||0||1||2||3||–1|
|2009–10||UEFA Europa League||1QR||Fulham||1–0||1–3||2–3|
Mineral fertilizers 1996–2007, Lukoil 2007–2012, Uralkali 2013, Bank of Moscow 2013–present.
- Biggest victory – 8–1 against Magnitogorsk in 1995.
- Biggest defeat – 0–6 against Spartak Moscow in 2004.
- Biggest victories in Premier League: Alania Vladikavkaz 5–1 (home, 2013); Dynamo Moscow 4–1 (home, 2005); Krylia Sovetov Samara 4–1 (home, 2007); Khimki 3–0 (away, 2008); Volga Nizhny Novgorod 4–1 (home, 2012)
- Most appearances in Premier League – Zahari Sirakov – 233 matches.
- Youngest player – Konstantin Zyryanov – 17 years 217 days, 10 May 1995, KAMAZ-2 Naberezhnye Chelny – Amkar 1–2.
- Oldest player – Sergei Chebanov – 40 years 207 days, 7 November 1999, Rubin Kazan – Amkar 0–0.
Russian record holders from AmkarEdit
- 1993–94: Viktor Zasulsky
- 1995–06: Sergei Oborin (1 January 1995 – 31 December 2006)
- 2006: Igor Uralyov (acting)
- 2006–07: Rashid Rakhimov (4 September 2006 – 31 December 2007)
- 2008: Miodrag Božović (1 January 2008 – 31 December 2008)
- 2009: Dimitar Dimitrov (1 January 2009 – 1 September 2009)
- 2009–11: Rashid Rakhimov (5 September 2009 – 28 September 2011)
- 2011–12: Miodrag Božović (29 September 2011 – 11 June 2012)
- 2012–13: Nikolai Trubachov
- 2012–13: Rustem Khuzin (interim) (11 June 2012 – 16 January 2013)
- 2013: Rustem Khuzin (17 January 2013 – 30 June 2013)
- 2013–14: Stanislav Cherchesov (1 July 2013 – 9 April 2014)
- 2014: Konstantin Paramonov (interim) (10 April 2014 – 16 June 2014)
- 2014: Slavoljub Muslin (17 June 2014 – 9 December 2014)
- 2014–2018: Gadzhi Gadzhiyev (30 December 2014 – 2 March 2018)
- 2018–: Vadim Evseev (interim) (2 March 2018 – present)
Amkar players in International competitionsEdit
- "ФК "Амкар"". Russian Premier League. Retrieved 20 December 2013.
- "Амкар": смена руководителя (in Russian). Официальный сайт клуба. Archived from the original on 8 July 2019. Retrieved 27 April 2011.
- История — Сезон 1994 года (in Russian). Archived from the original on 16 September 2010. Retrieved 27 April 2011.
- Павел Осипов. ""Амкар" Рахимова мог бы бороться за медали" (in Russian). Спорт-Экспресс. Archived from the original on 5 September 2009. Retrieved 27 April 2011.
- Сухие матчи вратарей 2006 (in Russian). Спорт-Экспресс. Archived from the original on 19 December 2012. Retrieved 27 April 2011.
- Сухие матчи вратарей 2008 (in Russian). Спорт-Экспресс. Archived from the original on 19 December 2012. Retrieved 27 April 2011.
- Официальное заявление (in Russian). Официальный сайт клуба. Archived from the original on 8 July 2019. Retrieved 27 April 2011.
- Президент "Амкар" Геннадий Шилов: "Расстались с Рахимовым по обоюдному согласию" (in Russian). Archived from the original on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 29 September 2011.
- Миодраг Божович – новый главный тренер "Амкара" (in Russian). Archived from the original on 29 September 2011. Retrieved 29 September 2011.
- Исполнять обязанности главного тренера ФК «Амкар» будет Рустем Хузин | Дневная Пермь — новости Перми и Пермского края
- Трубачёв: осеннюю часть чемпионата "Амкар" провалил полностью (in Russian). Archived from the original on 8 January 2016. Retrieved 8 December 2012.
- "Cherchesov appointed Amkar Head Coach".
- "Amkar announced Cherchesov to be new Head Coach".
- «АМКАР» НЕ ПОЛУЧИЛ ЛИЦЕНЗИЮ РФС НА СЛЕДУЮЩИЙ СЕЗОН (in Russian). FC Amkar Perm. 13 June 2018.
- ОФИЦИАЛЬНО: "АМКАР" ПРЕКРАЩАЕТ СВОЕ СУЩЕСТВОВАНИЕ (in Russian). Sport Express. 18 June 2018.
- Футбольный клуб «АМКАР» Пермь — О Клубе Archived 10 April 2013 at the Wayback Machine