Trabzonspor

Trabzonspor is a Turkish sports club located in the city of Trabzon. Formed in 1967 through a merger of several local clubs, the men's football team has won six Süper Lig championship titles.[1] Trabzonspor also have a women's football team and a men's basketball team.

Trabzonspor
Trabzonspor logo.svg
Full nameTrabzonspor Profesyonel Futbol Takımı
Nickname(s)Karadeniz Fırtınası (Black Sea Storm)
Short nameTS
Founded2 August 1967; 53 years ago (1967-08-02)
GroundMedical Park Stadyumu
Capacity43,223
PresidentAhmet Ağaoğlu
Head CoachEddie Newton
LeagueSüper Lig
2019–20Süper Lig, 2nd
WebsiteClub website
Current season

Trabzonspor are one of the most decorated clubs in Turkey. They have won six Süper Lig titles and were the first non Istanbul-based club to win the league.[2] They also have won nine Federation Cup (Turkish Cup) titles. The club won their first championship title in 1975–76, and won three championship titles in a row in the 1978–79, 1979–80 and 1980–81 seasons.

The club colours are claret and sky blue, reflected in the shirt colours that see various striped iterations of the colours. Trabzonspor play at the Şenol Güneş Stadium which replaced the Hüseyin Avni Aker Stadium as their home ground during the 2016–17 season.[3]

HistoryEdit

In 1921 Trabzon İdman Ocağı were founded.[4] Trabzonspor were founded through a merger of several local clubs including İdman Ocağı in 1967.[5]

Ahmet Suat Özyazıcı took over as manager in 1973. Özyazıcı played for İdmanocağı, the precursor club to Trabzonspor. Before Özyazıcı, Trabzonspor languished in the 2.Lig. In his first season in charge, Özyazıcı led Trabzon to the 1.Lig.[6] The club finished ninth in their first full season in the top-flight.[7] The next season was more successful, as Trabzonspor finished in first place.[8] In doing so, they became the first club from outside of Istanbul to win the league title.

Under Özyazıcı, Trabzonspor began a spell of dominance. The club did the double during the 1976–77 season, winning the Süper Lig and Türkiye Kupası. They also won the Süper Kupa. After a second-place finish and another Türkiye Kupası win in 1977–78, Özyazıcı was replaced by Özkan Sümer. Sümer won the league and Türkiye Kupası, but was replaced by Özyazıcı the following season. Özyazıcı and Sümer would continue switching posts, with the team winning more titles and cups. Trabzonspor won a total of 17 trophies in this ear of dominance, including league titles in 1975–76, 1976–77, 1977–78, 1979–80, 1980–81 and 1983–84.[1]

In the 2010–11 season Trabzonspor finished runners-up to Fenerbahçe having achieved the same number of points. However Fenerbahçe won the title on goal difference.[9] After the title was given to Fenerbahçe, in the summer of 2011, the season became the subject of a match fixing scandal. The 2011 Turkish football match-fixing scandal involved both Trabzonspor and Fenerbahçe. Almost two years after the scandal broke, on 25 June 2013, UEFA banned Fenerbahçe and Beşiktaş from European competitions over match-fixing.[10] Even though UEFA found Fenerbahçe and Beşiktaş guilty of match-fixing, both clubs were later acquitted by Turkish courts and the title remained with Fenerbahçe. Trabzonspor made several attempts to reclaim the title with appeals to FIFA, UEFA and CAS. On 26 March 2014, Gianni Infantino stated that UEFA gave his final verdict about Fenerbahçe and Beşiktaş, reminding that both clubs had been already punished by UEFA, meaning that no further punishment would be given to the clubs.[11] The TFF has not given any punishments to either Fenerbahçe and Beşiktaş. Trabzonspor retain an empty plinth in their trophy room for the League title the club feels it was cheated out of, and former club president İbrahim Hacıosmanoğlu was elected club President in 2013, "partly on the basis of a grand promise: that he would use his political connections to have the 2010/11 title stripped from Fenerbahce and awarded to Trabzonspor."[12]

Crest and coloursEdit

Trabzonspor; uses the team logo, which has the abbreviation of its name, composed of the letter "TS" in blue with a combined font on a burgundy background.[13]

Although a number of theories have been put forward as to why the club colours of Trabzonspor are claret and blue, it has been claimed that they were adopted after the club were sent a set of kits by the historic and famous English club Aston Villa after their formation in 1967.[14]

StadiumEdit

 
Trabzonspor's stadium is named after former goalkeeper and manager Şenol Güneş

Since December 2016, their home ground is the Şenol Güneş Stadium, which has a capacity of 43,223.[15] Prior to this, Trabzonspor played their home matches at the Hüseyin Avni Aker Stadium, which has a capacity of 24,169.[15]

HonoursEdit

As of 29 July 2020:[16]

StatisticsEdit

European competitions recordEdit

They first competed in Europe in 1976–77, and reached the group stages of the Champions League in 2011–12.[17]

As of 3 September 2018[18]
Rank Country Team Points
75   BATE Borisov 20.500
76   Trabzonspor 18.000
77   Dinamo Zagreb 17.500

PlayersEdit

Current squadEdit

As of 18 September 2020[19][20]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
1 GK   TUR Uğurcan Çakır
3 DF   BRA Marlon (on loan from Fluminense)
4 DF   TUR Hüseyin Türkmen
5 DF   IRN Majid Hosseini
6 MF   BRA Guilherme (on loan from Benevento)
8 MF   ENG Lewis Baker (on loan from Chelsea)
9 FW   NGA Anthony Nwakaeme
10 MF   TUR Abdülkadir Ömür
11 FW   NOR Alexander Sørloth (on loan from Crystal Palace)
13 GK   TUR Arda Akbulut
15 MF   NOR Anders Trondsen
16 GK   TUR Erce Kardeşler
18 FW   GHA Caleb Ekuban
19 MF   TUR Safa Kınalı
20 MF   TUR Yusuf Sarı
22 DF   ARG Gastón Campi
23 DF   TUR Kamil Çörekçi
No. Pos. Nation Player
24 MF   BRA Flávio
28 FW   TUR Salih Kavrazlı
32 DF   POR Edgar Ié
33 DF   TUR Abdurrahim Dursun
38 MF   TUR Ahmet Canbaz
39 DF   TUR Atakan Gündüz
45 FW   TUR Bilal Başaçıkoğlu
47 DF   POR João Pereira
52 FW   ECU Stiven Plaza (on loan from Real Valladolid)
54 GK   TUR Muhammet Taha Tepe
61 MF   TUR Abdülkadir Parmak
70 DF   TUR Ahmetcan Kaplan
71 MF   TUR Süleyman Cebeci
77 MF   TUR Kerem Baykuş
79 FW   COD Benik Afobe (on loan from Stoke City)
99 DF   TUR Serkan Asan

Intaken youth playersEdit

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
26 MF   TUR Fıratcan Üzüm
41 MF   TUR Cafer Tosun
54 MF   TUR Taha Tunç
99 FW   TUR Muhammet Akpınar
No. Pos. Nation Player
DF   TUR Furkan Yıldırım
FW   TUR Rahmi Anıl Başaran
FW   TUR Sertan İrkilmez

Out on loanEdit

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
DF   TUR Ali Karnapoglu (at Pazarspor until 30 June 2021)
DF   TUR Sami Can Özkan (at Adiyaman 1954 until 30 June 2021)
MF   AZE Murat Cem Akpınar (at Kocaelispor until 30 June 2021)
MF   TUR Behlül Aydın (at Sancaktepe FK until 30 June 2021)
No. Pos. Nation Player
MF   TUR Tunahan Ergül (at İçel İdman Yurdu until 30 June 2021)
FW   TUR Koray Kılınç (at Turgutluspor until 30 June 2021)
FW   TUR Furkan Tütüncü (at Çankaya FK until 30 June 2021)

Affiliated clubsEdit

Trabzonspor U21Edit

 
Fatih Tekke, a former youth academy star and one-time Gol Kralı (top scorer).

Trabzonspor U21 is a youth team of Trabzonspor. The club competes in the U21 league, alongside other U21 clubs around Turkey. Notable former players include Hami Mandıralı (highest capped Trabzonspor player (558 times)),[21] Gökdeniz Karadeniz (most caps for the Turkish national team by a Trabzonspor player (50)), Fatih Tekke (2004–05 Süper Lig top scorer (31 goals)),[22]

Trabzonspor WomenEdit

Trabzonspor Kulübü Bayan Futbol Takımı are a Turkish women's association football club affiliated with Trabzonspor. The club was founded in 2007 and they are title holders of 2008–09 season of Turkish Women's First Football League.

1461 TrabzonEdit

1461 Trabzon was founded as Trabzon Karadenizspor in 2008 as a feederclub in which Trabzonspor holds first buying option on players as well as being able to loan out youngsters to gain first-team experience.

ManagersEdit

PresidentsEdit

NotesEdit

  • TB ^ For information about amateur leagues in Turkey, see this.
  • Lig ^ Before 2001, the top-flight was known as the 1.Lig. After 2001 the 1.Lig became the second division, and the 2.Lig became the third division.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Turkey – List of Champions". RSSSF. 28 May 2015. Retrieved 29 August 2015.
  2. ^ "Club History". Trabzonspor. Retrieved 3 May 2019.
  3. ^ TRABZONSPOR A.Ş. tff.org (in Turkish), accessed 23 May 2010
  4. ^ Mustafa Duman. Trabzon'un spor Tarihinden sayfalar Archived 2012-10-17 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ "Trabzonspor AS: Profile". UEFA. Retrieved 22 November 2014.
  6. ^ Before 2001, the top-flight was known as the 1.Lig. After 2001 the 1.Lig became the second division, and the 2.Lig became the third division.
  7. ^ Sivritepe, Erdinç 1974–1975 1.Lig turkish-soccer.com, accessed 6 June 2010
  8. ^ Sivritepe, Erdinç 1975–1976 1.Lig turkish-soccer.com, accessed 6 June 2010
  9. ^ https://www.tff.org/default.aspx?pageID=1059
  10. ^ https://www.uefa.com/insideuefa/mediaservices/mediareleases/news/020a-0f887b8b853d-962cdcf91c7b-1000--two-turkish-clubs-banned-from-uefa-competitions/
  11. ^ http://www.star.com.tr/spor/son-dakika-infantinodan-fbahceye-mujdeli-haber-haber-860875/
  12. ^ Keddie, Patrick, author. The passion : football and the story of modern Turkey. ISBN 978-1-350-98907-8. OCLC 1166405791.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  13. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20121201151806/http://www.sppor.com/haber/2967/takimlarin-armalarinin-anlamlari.html
  14. ^ Brown, Phil (30 December 2013). "Villa Noise: Inter ace Pagliuca reveals support/Duke socks it to Harry". Aston Villa F.C. Archived from the original on 23 September 2015.
  15. ^ a b "Trabzonspor". Soccerway. Perform. Retrieved 22 November 2014.
  16. ^ "Trabzonspor: Trophies". Soccerway. Perform. Retrieved 29 January 2019.
  17. ^ "Trabzonspor in UEFA". www.uefa.com.
  18. ^ "UEFA coefficients". UEFA. 3 September 2018. Retrieved 3 September 2018.
  19. ^ "Futbol A Takımı". Trabzonspor. Retrieved 13 August 2019.
  20. ^ https://www.trabzonspor.org.tr/tr/haberler/guncel-haberler/yeni-transferlerimizle-sozlesme-imzaladik-17-8-2020
  21. ^ Trabzonspor Genel Bilgi trabzonspor.com.tr (in Turkish), accessed 9 June 2010
  22. ^ Turkcell Süper Lig Arşivi – 2004–2005 Sezonu tff.org (in Turkish), accessed 9 June 2010

External linksEdit