Fenerbahçe S.K. (football)

Fenerbahçe Spor Kulübü (Turkish: [feˈnæɾbahtʃe], Fenerbahçe Sports Club) is a Turkish professional football club based in Istanbul, Turkey. They are the men's football department of Fenerbahçe SK, a major professional multi-sport club. Fenerbahçe, known informally as Fener, are one of the most successful and best supported football teams in Turkey, having never been relegated, and currently compete in the Turkish Super League, the Turkish Cup and UEFA Europa League.

Full nameFenerbahçe Spor Kulübü
(Fenerbahçe Sports Club)
Nickname(s)Sarı Kanaryalar (The Yellow Canaries)
Sarı Lacivertliler (The Yellow-Navy Blues)
Efsane (The Legend)
Fener (The Beacon of Light)
Short name
  • FB
  • Fener
Founded3 May 1907; 115 years ago (1907-05-03)[a][1][2]
GroundŞükrü Saracoğlu Stadium
Capacity47,834 (all-seater)[3]
PresidentAli Koç
Head coachJorge Jesus
LeagueSüper Lig
2021–22Süper Lig, 2nd of 20
WebsiteClub website
Current season

They are nicknamed Sarı Kanaryalar (Turkish for "Yellow Canaries") and play their home games at Şükrü Saracoğlu Stadium, their own traditional home ground in Kadıköy, Istanbul. The club's name translates as "Lighthouse in the Garden" and comes from the Fenerbahçe neighbourhood of the Kadıköy district in Istanbul.

Fenerbahçe have won 19 Turkish Super League titles, 6 Turkish Cups and 9 Turkish Super Cups, among others.[4] With 28 League titles in total (19 Super League, 6 National Division, and 3 former Turkish Football Championship titles) Fenerbahçe hold the record for most national championship titles won.[5][6][7] The club also lead the all-time table of the Turkish Super League.

In international club football, Fenerbahçe have won the Balkans Cup in 1968, which is marked as the first ever non-domestic trophy won by a Turkish football club. In UEFA competitions, Fenerbahçe have reached the quarter-finals in the 1963–64 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup and in the 2007–08 UEFA Champions League. The club's semi-final performance in the 2012–13 UEFA Europa League is marked as one of its greatest achievements in European competitions. Fenerbahçe are a member of the European Club Association.

They are one of the most popular clubs in Turkey, and the most popular in Istanbul and Ankara.[8] Fenerbahçe have a large fanbase throughout the country, in Northern Cyprus,[9][10] Azerbaijan,[11] South Korea[12][13] and in the Turkish diaspora.[14][15] In their home at the Şükrü Saracoğlu Stadium, Fenerbahçe's average attendances have been among the highest in Turkey.[16][17] Fenerbahçe's longest-running and deepest rivalry is with their nearest major neighbours, Galatasaray, with matches between the two being referred to as Intercontinental derby, being considered to be one of the fiercest and most intense derbies in the world.[18][19] Matches against Beşiktaş are also derbys, but the rivalry is not as intense and fierce.


Early years 1907–1959Edit

Ziya Songülen the founder and first president

Fenerbahçe were founded in 1907 in Kadıköy, Istanbul, by local men Ziya Songülen, Ayetullah Bey and Necip Okaner. This group founded the club secretly in order to keep a low profile and not get into any trouble with the strict Ottoman rule, so strict that the Sultan Abdul Hamid II forbade the Turkish youth to set up a club or engage in the game of football played by the English families that was watched in envy. The three men came together and concluded that Kadıköy was in desperate need of its own football club, where locals would get a chance to practise the game of football. Ziya Songülen was elected the first president of the club, Ayetullah Bey became the first general secretary and Necip Okaner was given the post of general captain.[20]

The first team in 1908

The lighthouse situated on the Fenerbahçe cape was a big influence on the design of the club's first crest, which sported the yellow and white colors of daffodils around the lighthouse. The kits were also designed with yellow and white stripes.[20] The crest of the club was changed in 1910 when Hikmet Topuzer redesigned the badge after Ziya Songülen had changed the colors to yellow and navy in the fall of 1909, still seen today. Fenerbahçe's activities were kept in secrecy until a legislation reform in 1908, when, under a new law, all football clubs had to register to exist legally.[20]

Ayetullah Bey the founder and second president

The founding line-up included Ziya Songülen, Ayetullah Bey, Necip Okaner, Galip Kulaksızoğlu, Hassan Sami Kocamemi, Asaf Beşpınar, Enver Yetiker, Şevkati Hulusi Bey, Fuat Hüsnü Kayacan, Hamit Hüsnü Kayacan and Nasuhi Baydar.[21]

Struggling with financial difficulties, Fenerbahçe joined the Istanbul Football League in 1909, finishing fifth in their first year. The first coach of the Fenerbahçe was Hüseyin Dalaklı, who was also the team's player. Fenerbahçe won the 1911–12 season of the Istanbul Football League without losing. This championship was the clubs first success in their long history. In the 1913–14 and 1914–15 seasons, the team under the coaching of Galip Kulaksızoğlu won the Istanbul Football League. Fenerbahçe finished the seasons 1920–21 and 1922–23 as champions in the Istanbul Friday League. Fenerbahçe completed the season with a score of 58–0 without losing or conceding goals in the season of 1922–23.

General Harrington Cup

Fenerbahçe played against the staff of the Royal Navy that occupied Istanbul during the Turkish War of Independence. Some British soldiers formed football teams that were named after the players' speciality, for example Essex Engineers, Irish Guards, Grenadiers and Artillery. These teams played against each other and against local football teams in Istanbul. Fenerbahçe won many of these matches.[22] The most known match played against the British was the match that would determine the winner of the General Harrington Cup. Fenerbahçe won the match held on 29 June 1923 at Taksim Stadium with two goals scored by Zeki Rıza Sporel, one of the important players of the period.[23]

Fenerbahçe won the championship 6 times in 1937, 1940, 1943, 1945, 1946 and 1950, and became the team that achieved the most victories in the Turkish National Division. Lefter Küçükandonyadis, one of the important names of Fenerbahçe, scored 423 goals in 615 matches between 1947–1951 and 1953–64.

Fenerbahçe won the Istanbul Football League 16 times, the Turkish National Division 6 times, and the former Turkish Football Championship 3 times, all of them records, profiling themselves as forerunners and dominating side in Turkish football before the introduction of the professional nationwide league in 1959.[6][5]


Under the guidance of Ignác Molnár, the club won many trophies

The Turkish Football Federation founded a professional national league in 1959, which continues today under the name of the Süper Lig. Fenerbahçe won the first tournament, beating archrivals Galatasaray 4–1 on aggregate.[24] The next year, Fenerbahçe participated in the European Cup for the first time. They qualified through a 4–3 win over Csepel SC, being the first Turkish club to advance to the next round by eliminating its opponent. They lost their first-round match to Nice 1–5 in a playoff game after drawing on aggregate.[25] Fenerbahçe reached the quarter-final of the 1963–64 European Cup Winners' Cup where it was eliminated by MTK Budapest.

Fenerbahçe won four more league titles in the 1960s and were runners-up three times, making it the most successful club of that era.[26][27] Fenerbahçe was coached by Ignác Molnár at the time, a famous Hungarian coach who had introduced a new style of football in Turkey. Under his guidance, Fenerbahçe managed to eliminate English champions Manchester City in the first round of the 1968–69 European Cup.

Fenerbahçe's Balkan Cup championship

In the 1966–67 Balkans Cup (a competition set up for Eastern European clubs from Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Romania, Turkey and Yugoslavia that existed between the 1960–61 and 1993–94 seasons), Fenerbahçe won the cup after three final matches against Greek club AEK Athens, making them the first Turkish club to win a non-domestic competition. This success would remain unparalleled by a Turkish club until Sarıyer and Samsunspor won the cup many years later in the 1990s, when the competition lost much of its popularity.[28]

Later yearsEdit

Didi coached the club between 1972 and 1975, winning eight trophies

The 1970s saw Fenerbahçe bring in the famous Didi as their new coach. Fenerbahçe won four more league titles, including a double with Cemil Turan being the top goal scorer three times. The 1970s also established a rivalry with Trabzonspor, where for almost a decade Fenerbahçe and Trabzonspor were competing with each other for the title. The 1980s saw Fenerbahçe win three more league titles. Under the guidance of Kálmán Mészöly, Fenerbahçe managed to eliminate French champions Bordeaux in the first round of the 1985–86 European Cup.[29][30] This victory marked a turning point as for almost a decade no Turkish club managed to get past the first round in European competitions.

Galatasaray and Beşiktaş dominated the Turkish League during the 1990s, combining to win nine out of ten titles. Fenerbahçe's only Turkish League success during the 1990s came in the 1995–96 season under the guidance of Carlos Alberto Parreira.[26][27] In the 1996–97 UEFA Champions League season, Fenerbahçe completed the group stage with seven points[31] and, among others, defeated Manchester United 1–0 at Old Trafford, undoing the record of the English giants being unbeaten for 40 years in their homeground.[32]

Fenerbahçe won the league title in 2001, denying Galatasaray a fifth consecutive title. It followed up the next season with a second-place behind Galatasaray with new coach Werner Lorant. However, the next season did not go so well as Fenerbahçe finished in sixth place.[33] Despite this, that season is memorable to many Fenerbahçe fans due to a 6–0 win against arch-rivals Galatasaray at the Şükrü Saracoğlu Stadium on 6 November 2002.[34] After firing Werner Lorant, the club hired another German coach, Christoph Daum. Daum had previously coached in Turkey, winning the league with Beşiktaş in 1994–95. Fenerbahçe brought in players including Pierre van Hooijdonk, Mehmet Aurélio and Fábio Luciano as a rebuilding process. These new players lead Fenerbahçe to its 15th title and third star (one being awarded for every five league titles won by a club).[35]

100th year celebration of the club

The next year was followed by a narrow championship over Trabzonspor, winning a then record 16 Turkish Football League championships.[36] Fenerbahçe lost the title in the last week of the 2005–06 season to Galatasaray. Fenerbahçe needed a win, but instead drew 1–1 with Denizlispor while Galatasaray won 3–0 over Kayserispor. Soon after, Christoph Daum resigned as manager[37] and was replaced by Zico on 4 July 2006.[38][39] Zico began his reign by signing two new defenders: highly touted Uruguayan international Diego Lugano and Zico's fellow Brazilian Edu Dracena.[40] Zico also signed two strikers in Serbian international Mateja Kežman and another Brazilian, Deivid.[41] Fenerbahçe's 2006–07 domestic season started with a 6–0 win over relegation candidates Kayseri Erciyesspor.[42] In the 32nd week of the Süper Lig, Fenerbahçe drew Trabzonspor 2–2, while Beşiktaş lost to Bursaspor 0–3, putting the former out of contention for the title.[43][44] Fenerbahçe won its 17th Süper Lig title in 2006–07.[45]


Zico coached the club between 2006 and 2008
Roberto Carlos played for the club between 2007 and 2009

On 11 January 2007, Fenerbahçe were officially invited to G-14.[46] G-14 was an association which consists of top European clubs.

Under Zico's command, Fenerbahçe qualified from the 2007–08 Champions League group stage for the first time and went on to beat Sevilla to become a quarter-finalist in the 2007–08 season. Zico is also the most successful manager of the team's history in the Champions League. After successful scores both in the Turkish league and international matches, Zico gained a new nickname from the Fenerbahçe fans: Kral Arthur (meaning "King Arthur" in Turkish).[47] In February 2009, Fenerbahçe became the first Turkish club to enter the Deloitte Football Money League.[48] Since 2000, Fenerbahçe improved the club's finances and facilities, bringing world stars to the club such as Ariel Ortega, Pierre van Hooijdonk, Alex, Stephen Appiah, Nicolas Anelka and, more recently, Mateja Kežman, Roberto Carlos, Dani Güiza, Dirk Kuyt, Diego, Nani, Robin van Persie, and Mesut Özil.

In the 2009–10 season Fenerbahçe lost the title on the last matchday; Fenerbahçe players were told that a draw would be enough towards the end of the match only to find out that the other critical game went against their favour, as Bursaspor beat Beşiktaş 2–1 to win the title. Despite the title loss, Fenerbahçe ended the season with the most clean sheets (10), as well as the joint longest winning streak (8).[49] In July 2011, Fenerbahçe fans invaded the pitch during a friendly against the Ukrainian champions Shakhtar Donetsk. As punishment, Fenerbahçe were sentenced to two Süper Lig games in an empty stadium. The TFF later allowed those two games to be filled with spectators; men were barred, while women and children under 12 were admitted for free.[50] On 29 October 2012, Antalyaspor ended Fenerbahçe's 47-match unbeaten run in the Süper Lig at the Şükrü Saracoğlu Stadium. Fenerbahçe had not lost a match at home since they were beaten 2–3 by eventual champions Bursaspor in week 22, on 22 February 2010. Fenerbahçe won 38 and drew 9 in the 47 matches they played within 980 days since 22 February 2010.[51] On 3 November 2012, Fenerbahçe pecked Akhisar Belediyespor to break a 181-day away jinx.[52] On 2 May 2013, Fenerbahçe were eliminated by Benfica 3–2 on aggregate in the semi-final of the 2012–13 Europa League, one of the biggest successes in Fenerbahçe's history in UEFA competitions.[53]

On 28 June 2013, Ersun Yanal agreed to take charge of Fenerbahçe to replace Aykut Kocaman, who resigned in late May.[54][55] Ersun Yanal's appointment coincided with tough times for Fenerbahçe, who had just been banned from European competitions for two seasons over their alleged involvement in a domestic sports corruption scandal. Fenerbahçe, which finished second in the Süper Lig in 2012–13, thus missed-out on the 2013–14 Champions League, which it had been due to enter in the third qualifying round.[56] Fenerbahçe finished the 2014–15 season as runners-up, forcing the board of directors to undertake some major changes. For the 2015–16 season, Fenerbahçe brought in Vítor Pereira as their new coach. Portuguese star Nani, Danish defender Simon Kjær and Robin van Persie were added to the squad to fulfill the club's ambitions to be successful in the Süper Lig and European competitions. On 10 December 2015, Fenerbahçe played their 200th European game against Celtic.[57] On 12 October 2022, Fenerbahçe played their 250th European game against AEK Larnaca.[58]

Former notable playersEdit

Zeki Rıza Sporel, all-time top scorer of Fenerbahçe
Statue of Lefter Küçükandonyadis at Yoğurtçu Park, close to Şükrü Saracoğlu Stadium in Kadıköy, Istanbul
Esat Kaner, one of the best players of the 1930s

When it was first founded in 1907, Fenerbahçe had a large squad. One of these players, Galip Kulaksızoğlu, was the longest serving player of the original squad, spending 17 years at the club, retiring in 1924 after 216 matches.[59] Zeki Rıza Sporel and Bekir Refet, the first Turkish footballer ever to play abroad, were among the first products of the Fenerbahçe youth system. During his 18-year career with the club, Zeki Rıza scored 470 goals in 352 matches, or 1.3 goals every match, making him the all-time top scorer of Fenerbahçe.[59] Zeki Rıza was also capped for the Turkish national team 16 times, scoring 15 goals. Cihat Arman became the first in a long-line of long-serving goalkeepers, playing 12 seasons and in 308 matches with the club.[59]Lefter Küçükandonyadis was one of the first Turkish football players to play in Europe. Lefter spent two seasons in Europe, playing for Fiorentina and Nice before returning to Fenerbahçe. All in all, Lefter scored 423 goals in 615 matches for the club, helping them to two Istanbul Football League titles and three Turkish League titles.

Another notable player, Can Bartu, became the next big Turkish export to Europe. He was also the first Turkish football player to play in a European competition final, doing so with Fiorentina against Atlético Madrid in 1962. Can also spent some seasons playing for Venezia and Lazio before returning to Fenerbahçe in 1967. He was a four-time league champion with Fenerbahçe and scored 162 goals in 330 matches. Some of the other most notable Turkish players who played for Fenerbahçe include: Fikret Arıcan, Fikret Kırcan, Halit Deringör, Melih Kotanca, Burhan Sargun, Nedim Doğan, Cemil Turan, Selçuk Yula, Müjdat Yetkiner, Oğuz Çetin, Rıdvan Dilmen, Aykut Kocaman, Rüştü Reçber and Tuncay Şanlı.

Alex, captain of Fenerbahçe from 2007 to 2012 and the most successful foreign player in the history of the club and the Turkish Super League

Former Romania goalkeeper Ilie Datcu was the first foreigner to reach 100 caps for Fenerbahçe. In recent decades, Fenerbahçe have gained an influx of foreigners who have helped the club to 19 Süper Lig titles. Among these include Uche Okechukwu, who after 13 seasons with Fenerbahçe and İstanbulspor became the longest serving foreigner in Turkey. During Uche's career with Fenerbahçe, he won two league titles and became a fan favourite. More recently, Fenerbahçe have been the home to Brazilian-born Mehmet Aurélio who, in 2006, became the first naturalized Turkish citizen to play for the Turkish national team.[60]

Alex is another Brazilian player who scored the most goals of all foreign players who have played for Fenerbahçe. He managed to become top scorer of the Turkish Süper Lig on two occasions (in 2006–07 and 2010–11), Turkish Footballer of the Year twice (in 2005 and 2010), as well as assist leader in the 2007–08 season of the UEFA Champions League.[61] Based on all those achievements, as well as his exemplary character and sportsmanship on and off the field, acknowledged by fans of Fenerbahçe and their rivals alike, he became the most successful and renowned foreign player to have ever played for the club and one of a few whose statue has been erected by the supporters of the club in the Yoğurtçu Park, in the near of Şükrü Saracoğlu Stadium.[62] Some of the other foreign top players who played for Fenerbahçe over the years include: Toni Schumacher (1988–91), Jes Høgh (1995–99), Jay-Jay Okocha (1996–98), Elvir Bolić (1995–2000), Kennet Andersson (2000–02), Ariel Ortega (2002–03), Pierre van Hooijdonk (2003–05), Nicolas Anelka (2005–06), Stephen Appiah (2005–08), Mateja Kežman (2006–09), Diego Lugano (2006–11), Roberto Carlos (2007–09), Dirk Kuyt (2012–15), Robin van Persie (2015–2018) and Nani (2015–16).


Fenerbahçe supporters in the derby match against Beşiktaş

Fenerbahçe have developed a strong following since their foundation in 1907. They are one of the most popular clubs in Turkey, with about 35% of the fans supporting them, and the most popular in Istanbul and Ankara.[63] They have a large fanbase throughout the country, in Northern Cyprus, Azerbaijan and in the Turkish diaspora.[64] Since the rebuilding of the Şükrü Saracoğlu Stadium, Fenerbahçe's average attendances have been among the highest in Turkey.[65]

Fenerbahçe have several supporter organisations, including Genç Fenerbahçeliler (GFB), Kill For You (KFY), Antu/Fenerlist, EuroFeb (Fenerbahçe supporters in Europe), Group CK (Cefakâr Kanaryalar), 1907 ÜNİFEB, Vamos Bien, and SUADFEB. Many fanzines, blogs, podcasts, forums and fan websites have been dedicated to the club.

Relationships with other clubsEdit

More recently, in November 2011 Fenerbahçe's Genç Fenerbahçeliler created a friendly relationship with Torcida Sandžak, the organized supporters of Serbian club Novi Pazar. During a Süper Lig match against İstanbul Büyükşehir Belediyespor at the Şükrü Saraçoğlu Stadium, the Genç Fenerbahçeliler and 1907 Gençlik stand deployed a giant banner reading "Kalbimiz Seninle Novi Pazar" ("Novi Pazar, Our Hearts Are With You")[66] and later, in the game against Radnicki Kragujevac in the Serbian SuperLiga, Torcida Sandžak members deployed a giant banner reading "Sancak'ta atıyor, Fenerbahçe'nin kalbi" ("The heart of Fenerbahçe beats in Sandžak").[67] On 2 March 2012, Fenerbahçe's Genç Fenerbahçeliler and 1907 Gençlik members were invited to Novi Pazar for the match against Partizan in the Serbian SuperLiga. Thousands of Torcida Sandžak members welcomed Genç Fenerbahçeliler and 1907 Gençlik's 17 members.[68]

There is an informal friendship and fraternization between the fans of AEK and Fenerbahçe. In the 2017 Euroleague final, Fenerbahçe S.K. supporters displayed a banner which read "Same City's Sons"[69][70]


Fenerbahçe against Galatasaray in 1914

"The big three" clubs of Istanbul, Beşiktaş, Galatasaray and Fenerbahçe, have a century-long history of rivalry. The Fenerbahçe–Galatasaray rivalry is the primary Istanbul derby and the most important rivalry in Turkish football; matches between the two teams are known as The Intercontinental Derby (Turkish: Kıtalararası Derbi). The rivalry started on 23 February 1934, when a friendly game between both clubs turned into a riot, forcing the match to be abandoned. The rivalry has led to violence among supporters on numerous occasions.[71] Torches, smoke, flags, and giant posters are used to create visual grandeur and apply psychological pressure on visiting teams, which fans call "welcoming them to hell".[72]


Pre-match ceremony in the Intercontinental Derby against Galatasaray
In the 2007–08 UEFA Champions League quarter-finals match against Chelsea

Fenerbahçe play their home matches at the Şükrü Saracoğlu Stadium,[73] their own traditional home ground in the Kadıköy district of Istanbul, since 1908. Most recently renovated between 1999 and 2006, its capacity is 47,834.[74] The club's museum has been situated in the stadium since 2005, after having been housed at a variety of locations.[75] Before Şükrü Saracoğlu Stadium was built, the field was known as Papazın Çayırı ("The field of the priest"). The field, however, became the very first football pitch of Turkey, where the first league games of the Istanbul Football League were all held successively. In 1908, local teams of the league needed a regular football field, so this land was leased from the Ottoman Sultan Abdul Hamid II for 30 Ottoman gold pounds a year. The total construction cost was 3,000 Ottoman gold pounds. The name was changed to the Union Club Field after the club which made the highest donation for the construction.

The Union Club Field was used by many teams in İstanbul, including the owner, Union Club (which changed its name to İttihatspor after World War I), Fenerbahçe, Galatasaray, and Beşiktaş. However, it had lost its importance when a bigger venue, the Taksim Stadium, was built in 1922, inside the courtyard of the historic Taksim Topçu Kışlası (Taksim Artillery Barracks), which was located at the present-day Taksim Gezi Parkı (Taksim Park). İttihatspor (which had close relations with the political İttihat ve Terakki), was forced to sell it to the state, in which Şükrü Saracoğlu was a member of the CHP government. Thus, the ownership of the stadium passed to the state, but the field was immediately leased to Fenerbahçe.

Later, on 27 May 1933, Fenerbahçe purchased the stadium from the government when Şükrü Saracoğlu was the president of Fenerbahçe, for either the symbolic amount of 1 TL or the worth of the stadium which was 9,000 TL. The name of the field was changed to Fenerbahçe Stadium, and this made Fenerbahçe the first football club in Turkey to own their stadium, with the help of the government. In the following years, Fenerbahçe renovated the stadium and increased its seating capacity. By 1949, Fenerbihç Stadium was the largest football venue in Turkey, with a seating capacity of 25,000. The name of the stadium was changed once more in 1998, becoming Fenerbahçe Şükrü Saracoğlu Stadium, named after Fenerbahçe's president and Turkey's fifth Prime Minister, Şükrü Saracoğlu. In 1999, the latest round of renovations and capacity increasing projects started. The tribunes on the four sides of the stadium were torn down one at a time, as the Turkish Super League seasons progressed, and the entire renewal and construction project was finalised in 2006, with the efforts of Fenerbahçe president Aziz Yıldırım and the team's board of directors.

A panoramic view of the Şükrü Saracoğlu Stadium in 2014

Club crest and coloursEdit

Fenerbahçe changed their colours to yellow and navy blue in 1908

Since the club's foundation, Fenerbahçe have used the same badge, which has only undergone minor alterations. It was designed by Hikmet Topuzer, nicknamed Topuz Hikmet, who played as a right winger, in 1910, and had made as lapel pins by Tevfik Haccar Taşçı in London. The crest consists of five colours. The white section which includes the writing Fenerbahçe Spor Kulübü ★ 1907 ★ represents purity and open-heartedness, the red section represents love and attachment to the club and symbolises the Turkish flag. The yellow section symbolises other ones' envy and jealousy about Fenerbahçe, while the navy symbolises nobility. The oak leaf which rises from the navy and yellow section shows the force and the power of being a member of Fenerbahçe. The green colour of the leaf shows that the success of Fenerbahçe is imperative.[76] Hikmet Topuzer describes the story of the emblem as below:

After the change of the club’s colours from yellow and white to yellow and navy, it was an issue to create an emblem with our new colours. My friends left the design of this emblem to me. Firstly, I brought together the colours of our national flag, red and white. Then drew a heart shape over the red and gave it a yellow and navy colour, adding an acorn leaf that represents resistance, power and strength. I wrote the club name and foundation date on the white section. When drawing our emblem, I tried to give this meaning: Serving the club with dependence from heart. The design was favored by my friends and our new emblem was made through the guidance of Tevfik Haccar, who was in Germany at time. After the new alphabet was approved, the design was protected, but the club name on the emblem was changed to Fenerbahçe Spor Kulübü ★ 1907 ★.[76]

Shirt sponsors and manufacturersEdit

One of the first ever kits of the club (1908)
Period Kit manufacturers Shirt sponsors
1977–1978 Admiral Pereja / Sekerbank[77]
1978–1980 none none
1980–1982 Banker Kastelli
1982–1983 Hisar Bank
1983–1984 İstanbul Bankası
1984–1985 Adidas Türk Bank
1985–1987 Güner
1987–1988 Tamek
1988–1989 Adidas Emlak Bankası
1996–1997 VakıfBank
1997–1998 Emlak Bankası
1998–1999 Rifle / Proton 5x5
1999–2000 Proton 5x5
2000–2001 Fenerium Telsim
2001–2004 Aria
2004–2012 Adidas Avea
2012–2014 Türk Telekom
2014–2015 none
2015–2016 Yandex / Turkish Airlines1
2016–2017 Nesine.com / Borajet Airlines1
2017–2018 Acıbadem / Borajet Airlines1
2018–2021 Avis
2021– Puma

1 European Shirt sponsor

Five star controversyEdit

Prior to the beginning of the 2022–2023 Süper Lig season, Fenerbahçe S.K. announced that it would be count all league titles won by the club before the inaugural 1959 Süper Lig season (then known as the Turkish Football League), where games where played in the Istanbul Football League. This would mean that the club had 28 league championships, rather than their recognised 19. In compliance with this, the club president Ali Koç announced that the club would be adding two more stars onto their crest due to the Süper Lig star rating system. Thus far the governing football body in Turkey, the TFF, have not recognised this action and have threatened the club with a fine.[78] beIN Sports have denied live coverage of interviews with the five star crest displayed, citing that it's legalities with the TFF would not make way for this to happen.[79] Rival clubs such as Galatasaray S.K.[80] have condemned this action and reported it to the TFF. Regardless, the club continue to use their 5 star crest in their stadium, social media and team merchandise while official sources and other teams remain with the UEFA recognised three star crest.



Domestic competitionsEdit

The 1959 Turkish National League trophy on display in the Fenerbahçe Museum

National Championships – 28 (record)

Winners (19): 1959, 1960–61, 1963–64, 1964–65, 1967–68, 1969–70, 1973–74, 1974–75, 1977–78, 1982–83, 1984–85, 1988–89, 1995–96, 2000–01, 2003–04, 2004–05, 2006–07, 2010–11, 2013–14
Runners-up (23): 1959–60, 1961–62, 1966–67, 1970–71, 1972–73, 1975–76, 1976–77, 1979–80, 1983–84, 1989–90, 1991–92, 1993–94, 1997–98, 2001–02, 2005–06, 2007–08, 2009–10, 2011–12, 2012–13, 2014–15, 2015–16, 2017–18, 2021–22
Winners (6) (record): 1937, 1940, 1943, 1945, 1946, 1950
Runners-up (2): 1944, 1947
Winners (3) (shared-record): 1933, 1935, 1944
Runners-up (2): 1940, 1947

National Cups - 25

Winners (6): 1967–68, 1973–74, 1978–79, 1982–83, 2011–12, 2012–13
Runners-up (11): 1962–63, 1964–65, 1988–89, 1995–96, 2000–01, 2004–05, 2005–06, 2008–09, 2009–10, 2015–16, 2017–18
Winners (9): 1968, 1973, 1975, 1984, 1985, 1990, 2007, 2009, 2014
Runners-up (9): 1970, 1974, 1978, 1979, 1983, 1989, 1996, 2012, 2013
Winners (8) (record): 1945, 1946, 1950, 1973, 1980, 1989, 1993, 1998
Runners-up (7): 1944, 1971, 1976, 1977, 1992, 1994, 1995
Winners (1): 1967
Winners (1): 1998

European competitionsEdit

Regional competitionsEdit

Fenerbahçe squad that won the 1911–12 Istanbul Football League
Fenerbahçe squad that won the 1920–21 Istanbul Football League
Winners (16) (record): 1911–12, 1913–14, 1914–15, 1920–21, 1922–23, 1929–30, 1932–33, 1934–35, 1935–36, 1936–37, 1943–44, 1946–47, 1947–48, 1952–53, 1956–57, 1958–59
Winners (1): 1945
Winners (4) (record): 1930, 1934, 1938, 1939


Winners (1): 1923
Winners (4) (record): 1982, 1983, 1984, 1985
Winners (12) (shared-record): 1969, 1973, 1975, 1976, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1982, 1985, 1986, 1994, 1995
Winners (2) (record): 1976, 1980
Winners (1): 1964

European recordEdit

Best achievementsEdit

As of 25 July 2022
Season Achievement Notes
UEFA Cup Winners' Cup
1963–64 Quarter-Finalist eliminated by   MTK Budapest 0–2 in Budapest, 3–1 in Istanbul, 0–1 in Rome
Balkans Cup
1966–67 Champion won against   AEK Athens 1–2 in Athens, 1–0 in Istanbul, 3–1 in Istanbul
UEFA Champions League
2007–08 Quarter-Finalist eliminated by   Chelsea 2–1 in Istanbul, 0–2 in London
UEFA Europa League
2012–13 Semi-Finalist eliminated by   Benfica 1–0 in Istanbul, 1–3 in Lisbon
UEFA Europa Conference League
2021–22 Knockout round play-offs eliminated by   Slavia Prague 2–3 in Istanbul, 2–3 in Prague

Statistics of UEFA competitionsEdit

As of 3 November 2022
Competition Pld W D L GF GA GD
UEFA Champions League 107 32 21 54 120 179 –59
UEFA Cup Winners' Cup 9 3 1 5 11 11 0
UEFA Europa League 134 59 33 42 190 169 +21
UEFA Europa Conference League 2 0 0 2 4 6 –2
Total 252 94 55 103 325 365 –40

Source: UEFA.com
Pld = Matches played; W = Matches won; D = Matches drawn; L = Matches lost; GF = Goals for; GA = Goals against; GD = Goal Difference.

UEFA club coefficient rankingEdit

As of 26 August 2022[83][84]
Rank Team Points
104   Vitesse 15.000
107   Fenerbahçe 14.500
  Royal Antwerp
109   Hapoel Be'er Sheva 14.000
  Apollon Limassol
UEFA club coefficient ranking over years
Year Rank Points
2012–13 47 46.400
2013–14 53 41.340
2014–15 75 30.020
2015–16 52 40.920
2016–17 39 51.840
2017–18 61 23.500
2018–19 45 31.500
2019–20 52 31.500
2020–21 85 19.500
2021–22 107 14.500

  Placement has improved to the previous year   Placement has deteriorated to the previous year   No change in placement to the previous year

Statistics of Non-UEFA competitionEdit

As of 31 August 1968
Competition Pld W D L GF GA GD
Balkans Cup 29 10 6 13 34 45 –11
Total 29 10 6 13 34 45 –11

Pld = Matches played; W = Matches won; D = Matches drawn; L = Matches lost; GF = Goals for; GA = Goals against; GD = Goal Difference.


Current squadEdit

As of 5 March 2023.[85]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
1 GK   TUR Altay Bayındır (captain)
2 DF   BRA Gustavo Henrique (on loan from Flamengo)
3 DF   TUR Samet Akaydin
4 DF   TUR Serdar Aziz
5 MF   BRA Willian Arão
6 DF   MKD Ezgjan Alioski (on loan from Al-Ahli)
7 DF   TUR Ferdi Kadıoğlu
8 MF   TUR Mert Hakan Yandaş
9 FW   URU Diego Rossi
10 MF   TUR Arda Güler
13 FW   ECU Enner Valencia
15 FW   NOR Joshua King
17 FW   TUR İrfan Kahveci
18 MF   BRA Lincoln Henrique
No. Pos. Nation Player
19 FW   TUR Serdar Dursun
20 FW   ITA João Pedro
21 DF   NGA Bright Osayi-Samuel
23 FW   BEL Michy Batshuayi
24 DF   NED Jayden Oosterwolde
26 MF   SVN Miha Zajc
27 MF   POR Miguel Crespo
28 DF   BRA Luan Peres
30 DF   TUR Nazım Sangaré
41 DF   HUN Attila Szalai
54 GK   TUR Ertuğrul Çetin
70 GK   TUR İrfan Can Eğribayat (on loan from Göztepe)
80 MF   TUR İsmail Yüksek
99 FW   TUR Emre Mor

Academy players training with the main squadEdit

As of 5 March 2023.[86]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
35 MF   KOR Jin-ho Jo
69 DF   TUR Yusuf Kocatürk
92 FW   TUR Bora Aydınlık
93 MF   TUR Muhammet İmre
No. Pos. Nation Player
94 DF   TUR Yiğit Efe Demir
95 MF   TUR Erkan Arda Çağdaş
97 GK   TUR Furkan Onur Akyüz

Unregistered players under contractEdit

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
FW   TUR Barış Sungur

Out on loanEdit

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
DF   TUR Çağtay Kurukalıp (at Iğdır until 30 June 2023)
DF   TUR Emir Ortakaya (at Göztepe until 30 June 2023)
MF   GRE Dimitrios Pelkas (at Hull City until 30 June 2023)
MF   TUR Emre Demir (at Samsunspor until 30 June 2023)
MF   TUR Eyüp Akcan (at Iğdır until 30 June 2023)
FW   POR Bruma (at Braga until 30 June 2023)
No. Pos. Nation Player
FW   TUR Burak Kapacak (at Fatih Karagümrük until 30 June 2023)
FW   TAN Mbwana Samatta (at Genk until 30 June 2023)
FW   TUR Melih Bostan (at Eskişehirspor until 30 June 2023)
FW   GER Mërgim Berisha (at Augsburg until 30 June 2023)
FW   TUR Tiago Çukur (at Dender until 30 June 2023)
MF   TUR İsak Vural (at Hammarby until 31 December 2023)

Academy teamsEdit

Retired number(s)Edit

  • 12, representing the supporters of the club

Team captainsEdit


Past seasonsEdit


Outline Record Year
Most wins 29 1988–89
Most draws 16 1985–86
Most defeats 13 1987–88
Most wins in a row 12 2005–06
Most defeats in a row 3 1966–67, 1980–81, 1987–88, 1992–93, 2018–19, 2021–22
Most goals scored 103 1988–89
Most goals conceded 53 1990–91
Highest number of points in any half of a season 49/51 2010–11


Outline Record Year
Fewest wins 9 1980–81
Fewest draws 2 1959, 1991–92, 2004–05
Fewest defeats 1 1959, 1963–64, 1988–89
Fewest goals scored 31 1969–70, 1976–77, 1979–80
Fewest goals conceded 6 1969–70

Player recordsEdit

Most goalsEdit

Outline Player Record
Most goals in all-time   Zeki Rıza Sporel 470
Most goals in Süper Lig   Aykut Kocaman 140
Most goals in one match   Melih Kotanca &
  Zeki Rıza Sporel
Most goals in one league match   Tanju Çolak 6
Most goals in UEFA competitions   Alex de Souza 15

Note: Zeki Rıza Sporel scored his record eight goals against Anadolu in 1931, Melih Kotanca repeated this record against Topkapı in 1940. Tanju Çolak scored six goals against Karşıyaka in the 1992–93 season.

Most appearancesEdit

Outline Player Record
Most appearances in all-time   Müjdat Yetkiner 763
Most appearances in UEFA competitions   Volkan Demirel 86

Club officialsEdit

Board membersEdit

Position Name
President   Ali Koç
Deputy Chairman   Erol Bilecik
Board Member   Burak Çağlan Kızılhan
Board Member   Mehmet Dereli
Board Member   Fethi Pekin
Board Member   Acar Sertaç Komsuoğlu
Board Member   Simla Türker Bayazıt
Board Member   Hüseyin Arslan
Board Member   Esin Güral Argat
Board Member   Nüket Küçükel Ezberci
Board Member   Ahmet Ketenci
Board Member   Mustafa Kemal Danabaş
Board Member   Agah Ruşen Çetin


Technical staffEdit

Position Name
Administrative Manager   Emir Yolaç
Head Coach   Jorge Jesus
Operations Director   Mário Branco
Technical Manager   Mehmet Aurélio
Assistant Coach   João de Deus
Assistant Coach   Tiago Oliveira
Assistant Coach   Zeki Murat Göle
Athletic Performance Coach   Carlos Bruno
Athletic Performance Coach   Márcio Sampaio
Athletic Performance Coach   Pedro Alexandre Pereira Pires Gandaio
Match Analyst   Gil Henriques
Video Analyst   Rodrigo Araújo
Goalkeeping Coach   Özden Öngün
Goalkeeping Coach   Yasin Cirav
Tactical Analysis Expert   Melikşah Sezgin
Analyst   Mehmet Turhan Demir
Doctor   Dr. Osman İlhan
Media Officer   Alper Yemeniciler
Interpreter   Sinan Levi
Interpreter   Saruhan Karaman
Physiotherapist   Umut Şahin
Physiotherapist   Ata Özgür Ercan
Physiotherapist   Bülent Uyar
Dietician   Şengül Sangu Talak
Masseur   Muhammed Fatih Yeniay
Masseur   Eyüp Emre Yeşiller
Masseur   Özkan Alaca
Masseur   Veysel Çabşek
Material Manager   Dursun Çetin
Material Manager   Cemil Bulut
Material Manager   Sefa Eroğlu


Fenerbahçe as a companyEdit

Fenerbahçe Futbol A.Ş. is a listed company in Borsa Istanbul as BİST: FENER; Fenerbahçe Spor Kulübü owns a 67.07% stake. The company had a negative equity of 424,317,388 Turkish lire; total assets of 311,233,179 lire; revenue 317,610,262 lire and a net loss of 181,234,264 in the 2014–15 season.[89][failed verification] The club was required to have an aggregate break-even in 2019 (2016–17, 2017–18 and 2018–19 season), and more specifically a maximum annual net loss of €30 million, €20 million and €10 million in 2015–16, 2016–17 and 2017–18 seasons.[citation needed] Turkish clubs Beşiktaş, Kardemir Karabükspor and Trabzonspor (twice) also entered into settlement agreements in 2014, 2015 and 2016, with Bursaspor and Galatasaray being banned from European football in 2015 and 2016 respectively due to breaching overdue payable and the settlement agreement respectively.


  • Fenerbahçe went through the 1922–23 season of the Istanbul Football League undefeated without conceding a single goal.
  • First Turkish club to win a non-domestic trophy (Balkans Cup in 1968)[90]
  • All-time best in Turkish League cumulative standings with the highest number of wins and the fewest losses as well as the most scoring football team in history.[91]
  • Best winning percentage in a season:
29 wins and 6 draws in 36 matches, 0.888 in the 1988–89 season
15 points in 6 games against   Twente,   Sheriff Tiraspol and   Steaua București, in the 2009–10 season
  • In the 1988–89 season, Fenerbahçe set a record that is hard to break by reaching the championship with 103 goals scored in 36 matches of the regular season.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Although it is known that the club was founded in the spring of 1907, the day and month are unknown. The founding date is regarded as 3 May because Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder of the Republic of Turkey, visited the club on that day in 1918.


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  • Yüce, Mehmet (2014). Osmanlı Melekleri: Futbol Tarihimizin Kadim Devreleri Türkiye Futbol Tarihi - Birinci Cilt (in Turkish). Istanbul: İletişim Yayınları. ISBN 9789750515804.
  • Yüce, Mehmet (2015). İdmancı Ruhlar: Futbol Tarihimizin Klasik Devreleri: 1923-1952 Türkiye Futbol Tarihi - 2. Cilt (in Turkish). Istanbul: İletişim Yayınları. ISBN 9789750516955.

External linksEdit