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Grêmio Foot-Ball Porto Alegrense

, grêmio o melhor time

Grêmio
Grêmio's logo
Full name Grêmio Foot-Ball Porto Alegrense
Nickname(s) Imortal Tricolor (Immortal Tricolor)
Rei de Copas (King of Cups)
Short name GRE
Founded 15 September 1903; 113 years ago (1903-09-15)
Ground Arena do Grêmio
Porto Alegre, Brazil
Ground Capacity 55,225[1]
President Romildo Bolzan Jr.
Manager Renato Portaluppi
League Campeonato Brasileiro Série A
Campeonato Gaúcho
2017 Série A, 4th
Website Club website
Current season
Team photo from 1903

Grêmio Foot-Ball Porto Alegrense (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈɡɾẽmju ˌfutʃˈbɔw ˌpoɾtw ɐlɛˈɡɾẽsi]), commonly known as Grêmio, is a Brazilian professional football club based in Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul. It plays in the Campeonato Gaúcho, the state of Rio Grande do Sul's premier state league, as well as the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A, the top tier of the Brazilian football league system. Grêmio is one of the biggest teams in Brazil, more traditional in South America and one of the richest teams in South American football. It is currently considered by the Brazilian football association as the main club of current Brazilian football, being the first place in the CBF ranking.

Grêmio was founded by English and German immigrants on 15 September 1903. Major titles captured by Grêmio include one Intercontinental Cup, two Copa Libertadores de América, two Campeonato Brasileiro Série A, one Campeonato Brasileiro Série B and five Copa do Brasil.[2] Grêmio plays in a tricolor (blue, black and white) striped shirt, black shorts and white socks, as first kit. Grêmio has a rivalry with Internacional, also a club from Porto Alegre, and the two sides contest the Grenal derby, considered by many fans and commentators alike in Brazil to be the fiercest in-city football rivalry in the country.

Contents

HistoryEdit

The beginningEdit

On September 7, 1903 Brazil's first football team, Rio Grande, played an exhibition match in Porto Alegre. An entrepreneur from Sorocaba, São Paulo named Cândido Dias was besotted with the sport and went to the ground to watch the match. During the match, the ball deflated. As the only owner of a football in Porto Alegre, he lent his ball to the players, and the match resumed. After the match, he talked to the players about how to found a football club. On September 15, 1903, 32 people, including Cândido Dias, met at Salão Grau restaurant in the city and founded Grêmio Foot-Ball Porto Alegrense. Most of the founding members were part of the city's German community.[3] Carlos Luiz Bohrer was elected as first president.[4]

The new club's first match took place on March 6, 1904, against Fuss Ball Porto Alegre, the first of two matches played that day. Grêmio won the first match 1–0. Unfortunately, newspaper reports of the time do not record the name of the player who scored the first goal in the club's history. The trophy Grêmio won that day, the Wanderpreis, still exists and is displayed at the club's museum. Five months later, Grêmio opened its first stadium, named Baixada.

 
Grêmio state champion in 1931

In the early years of Grêmio's history, football was not a very popular game in Brazil and few teams existed. On July 18, 1909, Grêmio beat Internacional 10–0 on the latter's debut. Grêmio's goalkeeper Kallfelz reportedly left the field and went to talk with fans during the match. Even now this victory is remembered with pride by the Gremistas (Grêmio supporters). The match was the starting point for a strong rivalry which lives on to this day. Gre–Nal is the name given to this city derby.

Grêmio was one of the founding members of Porto Alegre's football league in 1910, and in 1911 won the city league for the first time. On August 25, 1912, in a city league match, Grêmio beat Sport Clube Nacional of Porto Alegre 23–0. Sisson scored 14 goals in the match in Grêmio's biggest ever win.

In 1918, Grêmio was one of the founders of Fundação Rio-Grandense de Desportes (later known as Federação Gaúcha de Futebol), a club federation which organized the first state championships of Rio Grande do Sul. The first championship was scheduled for 1918, but the Spanish flu epidemic forced the whole event to be postponed until 1919. In 1921, a year after the arrival of legendary goalkeeper Eurico Lara, Grêmio won its first state championship.

Grêmio enjoyed many pioneering moments in the 20th century. On July 7, 1911 Grêmio beat Uruguay's national team 2–1. In 1931, Grêmio became one of the first teams in Brazil to play matches at night after installing floodlights at its Estádio Baixada. On May 19, 1935, Grêmio became the first team from Rio Grande do Sul to beat a team from the state of São Paulo (considered the strongest Brazilian league at the time) when it defeated Santos 3–2. Grêmio was also the first club outside Rio de Janeiro state to play at the Maracanã Stadium, defeating Flamengo 3–1 in 1950.

During this period, Grêmio started to earn a reputation abroad. In 1932 it played its first international match in Rivera (Uruguay). In 1949, the match against Uruguay's Nacional ended in a 3–1 win for Grêmio and the players received a hero's welcome on their return to Porto Alegre. In that same year, Grêmio played for the first time in Central America. During the years 1953–1954, Grêmio travelled to Mexico, Ecuador and Colombia, an achievement dubbed "the conquest of the Americas". On February 25, 1959, Grêmio defeated Boca Juniors 4–1 in Buenos Aires, becoming the first foreign team to beat Boca at La Bombonera Stadium. And in 1961, Grêmio went for its first (and very successful) European jaunt, playing 24 games in 11 countries: France, Romania, Belgium, Greece, Germany, Poland, Bulgaria, Luxembourg, Denmark, Estonia and Russia.

Professionalism at the clubEdit

The Gremistas (Grêmio fans) were growing in number. 1946 saw the first appearance of the famous statement "com o Grêmio onde o Grêmio estiver" ("with Grêmio wherever Grêmio may be"), which was later incorporated at Grêmio's official anthem. This phrase was created by Lupicinio Rodrigues, one of the most famous and revered Grêmio fans. It celebrates the Gremistas reputation for attending all Grêmio matches, regardless of the difficulties and obstacles, making long trips to follow their team wherever they played.

In the late 1950s, Grêmio joined the Taça Brasil, as the Brazilian league was known at the time. The team reached the Taça Brasil semifinals in 1959, 1963 and 1967. In 1968, the team won its first international title in a friendly cup with teams from Brazil and Uruguay. In 1954, Grêmio first played at what was the biggest private stadium in Brazil at the time, the Olímpico Stadium.

In 1971, the Taça Brasil championship was replaced by the Campeonato Brasileiro, which is the top football showcase in Brazil today. The first goal ever scored in the Campeonato Brasileiro was by Grêmio player Néstor Scotta, an Argentine, in a match against São Paulo at Estádio do Morumbi.[5] Grêmio maintained a series of respectable results in Campeonato Brasileiro, usually staying at the top half of the league table.

Valdir Espinosa and the Intercontinental Cup 1983Edit

The greatest period in Grêmio's history came in the 1980s, coinciding with the completion in July 1980 of their new stadium, the Olímpico Monumental. On May 3, 1981, Grêmio won its first Campeonato Brasileiro after defeating São Paulo in the final at the Morumbi Stadium in São Paulo. The scores in the two-leg final were 2–1 at Olímpico and 1–0 for Grêmio at Morumbi. The winning goal was scored by striker Baltazar. Earlier, on April 26, 1981 Olímpico had its biggest attendance ever, when 98,421 fans watched Grêmio lose to Ponte Preta 0–1 in the Campeonato Brasileiro semi-final. This record will never be beaten, as the Olímpico Monumental was later rebuilt and now holds no more than 50,000 people.

1983 was the most successful year in Grêmio's history. First, Grêmio won the South-American Copa Libertadores, after a consistent yet eventful campaign. One of the matches of the triangular semi-final, the 3–3 draw against Estudiantes at Jorge Luis Hirschi Stadium, became legendary for its belligerence on and off the pitch, and is dubbed the "Batalha de La Plata" ("Battle of La Plata"), in reference to the hometown of Estudiantes. In the finals, Grêmio beat the 1982 South America and World champions Peñarol from Uruguay, with a 1–1 draw in Montevideo and a 2–1 win in Porto Alegre. The winning goal was scored by César just before the end of the match. A year later, Grêmio was runner-up in the Copa Libertadores final, being defeated by Argentina's Independiente.

Also in 1983, Grêmio won the Intercontinental Cup after defeating Hamburger SV of Germany 2–1.[6] Renato Portaluppi scored both goals, and Uruguayan defender De León and goalkeeper Mazaropi were also regarded as heroes of this victory. In Porto Alegre, Grêmio's fans began the chant: "The Earth is Blue". Another chant created by Grêmio's fans when the club won the World Club title was "Nada Pode Ser Maior" ("Nothing Can Be Greater"). Soon after winning the Intercontinental Cup, Grêmio beat America of Mexico in Los Angeles, and won the Los Angeles Cup.

In 1989, Grêmio won the first Copa do Brasil, a Brazilian knockout cup featuring football teams from all around the country. After humiliating Flamengo – the best supported football team in Brazil – with a 6–1 win in the second leg of the semi-finals, Grêmio defeated Sport Recife in the final, with a 0–0 draw in Recife and a 2–1 win in Porto Alegre.

In 1991, after a poor season, Grêmio was relegated for the first time to the Brazilian Second Division of Campeonato Brasileiro,[7] but gained immediate promotion back to the Campeonato Brasileiro's elite in the following season (1993). After this return to top form, 1994 saw Grêmio win its second Copa do Brasil, defeating Ceará in the two-leg final (0–0 and 1–0), the solitary goal scored by striker Nildo. The club then started its Tokyo Project.

 
Luiz Felipe Scolari won the Libertadores 1995, the Campeonato Brasileiro 1996 and other important competitions

Luiz Felipe Scolari and the Libertadores 1995Edit

In May 1995, under head coach Luiz Felipe Scolari, Grêmio was runner-up in the Copa do Brasil, losing the final match to Corinthians 0–1 at Olímpico Monumental. In August, a few days after beating arch-rivals Internacional for the state title with a reserve squad, the club won the Copa Libertadores for the second time. In the finals, Grêmio defeated Atlético Nacional of Colombia, by winning 3–1 in Porto Alegre and drawing 1–1 in Medellín. The tournament was marked by the matches against Palmeiras in the quarter-finals. Palmeiras had perhaps the best squad on the competition, with players such as Rivaldo, Cafu, Edmundo, César Sampaio, Antônio Carlos, Roberto Carlos and Mancuso, but was beaten by Grêmio on the 1st leg in an epic 5–0 match with a hat-trick from Jardel in the 2nd half. In the 2nd match Palmeiras beat Grêmio in another incredible match by a 5–1 score, which wasn't quite enough for Palmeiras!

In the World Club tournament, Grêmio had a player sent off and was eventually defeated by Ajax of the Netherlands in the penalty shootout. Early 1996 saw Grêmio win the Recopa Sudamericana, beating Argentina's Independiente 4–1.

On December 15, 1996, Grêmio won its second Campeonato Brasileiro, after defeating Portuguesa in the final. Portuguesa won the first match at home 2–0, and therefore Grêmio was forced to win the final match at Porto Alegre for the same score or more. Grêmio got to 2–0, with midfielder Ailton scoring the second goal a few minutes before the final whistle. Grêmio won the title due to their higher finish in the league.

In 1997, Grêmio won its third Copa do Brasil title. In the finals against Romário's Flamengo, Grêmio won on away goals after a 0–0 draw in Porto Alegre and a 2–2 in Rio de Janeiro. Four years later, in 2001, Grêmio won its fourth Copa do Brasil, defeating Corinthians. The first leg of the final, in Porto Alegre, finished with the score of 2–2. The second game in São Paulo ended with a 3–1 Grêmio victory, in a match which is regarded by many as one of the finest in Grêmio's history.

Batalha dos Aflitos and the Libertadores 2007Edit

In 2004, after performing poorly for two consecutive seasons in the Série A, Grêmio finished bottom of the league and was once again relegated to Campeonato Brasileiro's Second Division.[8] Grêmio's task was much more difficult this time, with only two clubs able to qualify for promotion to the First Division. On November 26, 2005, at Estádio dos Aflitos, Recife, Grêmio had four players sent off and two penalty kicks against them. The first penalty was shot off the post by Bruno Carvalho in the first half when Grêmio still had 11 players on the field; the second was saved by goalkeeper Galatto after Grêmio had been reduced to 7 men. Grêmio beat Náutico by 1–0, with Anderson the scorer. With this victory, Grêmio won the Série B of the Campeonato Brasileiro and were promoted back to the Série A. That crucial match is referred to by fans as "The Battle of the Aflitos" ("A Batalha dos Aflitos", "Aflitos" being the name of Náutico's home field), because all the incidents both on and off the pitch resembled a true battle. The match became so legendary for Grêmio supporters that two movies and a book were made to tell the story.

On April 9, 2006, at Estádio Beira-Rio, Grêmio won the state championship against Internacional, preventing its rival from winning a fifth title in a row. Playing away, Grêmio managed to obtain a 1–1 draw at the last match, enough to secure the title. Grêmio players said after the match that there were more than 50,000 Internacional fans in Beira Rio's Stadium, and they could still hear the noise made by 6,000 Gremistas, which was an extra source of motivation. In 2007, at Estádio Olímpico Monumental, Grêmio won the state championship (Campeonato Gaúcho) once again, against Juventude. In the semi-finals against Caxias, Grêmio suffered a 3–0 defeat in the first match, but managed to score a 4–0 win at Olímpico to qualify to the final.

Also in 2007, Grêmio reached the final of the 2007 Copa Libertadores, after a series of dramatic games against the top clubs in South America. Even after a 3–0 defeat at the away match, Gremistas formed huge lines to buy tickets for the final game in Porto Alegre, with some of the fans queuing for four days or more. In the 2007 Série A, Grêmio came sixth in the league table.

Recent historyEdit

In 2008, after the sudden firing of their new head coach Vagner Mancini, the club hired Celso Roth. Within a month they had prematurely dropped out of both the domestic cup (Copa do Brasil) and their state championship (Campeonato Gaúcho). This led to the team going through a state of crisis and, soon after, major renovation. They were expected to be on the bottom half of the Campeonato Brasileiro's table, and maybe even relegated, but managed to finish in second place. For many supporters, even that was considered a failure as in the first half of the championship, the team was considered the best of the country, and more than 10 points ahead of their rivals. But unexpected loses during the final games of the season lost the championship.

In 2009, giving priority to the 2009 Copa Libertadores, the team played most of the state championship matches with the reserve squad. This and some controversial attitudes of coach Celso Roth led to several poor results, notably three losses to their main rival Internacional. In April, after the premature loss of the state championship, Celso Roth was fired.

In 2010 coach Paulo Silas was hired, leading to the conquest of Campeonato Gaúcho. In this year Grêmio also had a fairly good cup run, being defeated only by Santos of Neymar at the semi-finals. In mid-2010 Silas was replaced due to bad results at the Brazilian Championship, leading to the signing of former idol Renato Portaluppi as the club's coach. Grêmio then went on to win major games in the season resulting in the classification to Copa Libertadores in the following year.

In 2011 the club had a poor Libertadores run, followed by similar disappointments at the Regional and National Championships.

2012 marked the last year of the club's former stadium, Olímpico Monumental. The expectations by the fans were high but were not matched by the team's performance. Grêmio did however qualify for the Libertadores the following year.

In 2014, the club once again qualified for the Copa Libertadores de América and signed Enderson Moreira as the new manager.[9] However, after a successful campaign in the group stage, Grêmio failed in the competition and was eliminated by San Lorenzo in the Round of 16.[10] A few days before, the club was defeated 6–2 on aggregate by their biggest rival, the Internacional, in the finals of the Campeonato Gaúcho.[11] With nothing more than a regular campaign at the beginning of the Série A, the president Fábio Koff signed Luiz Felipe Scolari as the new coach of the team, after he was eliminated with the Brazil national team in the 2014 FIFA World Cup.[12] The club also signed Giuliano, the biggest hiring of the year.[13] In September 2014, Grêmio was disqualified from competing in the Copa do Brasil due to a case of racism by a small group of supporters against Santos goalkeeper Aranha in the club's first match of the competition.[14] It was the first time in the history of the Grêmio that the club was eliminated from a competition for a case of racism.

In 2015, former Grêmio player Roger Machado was hired as the new manager. A short lived but initially successful run, Machado's time with Grêmio saw them qualify for the 2016 Copa Libertadores with a finish in the Campeonato Brasileiro in 3rd place. Under Machado, the team also famously beat bitter rivals Internacional in the "Grenal" derby #407 with a score of 5-0 (a day already considered historic by a majority of fans). Nonetheless, towards the end of the year, the team began to show a lack of organization, especially in its defensive scheme. As fans' support dwindled, Roger announced his resignation from the team after a 3-0 loss against Ponte Preta in September of 2016.

In 2016, Renato Portaluppi was once again hired as the new manager. Under his guidance, Grêmio became champions of the Copa do Brasil against Atlético Mineiro in a 4-2 aggregate score, making it the Brazilian club with the most amount of titles in this tournament (5). After this historic feat, fans affectionately nicknamed Grêmio the "Rei de Copas" (King of Cups).

Grêmio currently competes in the Group 8 of the Copa Libertadores, sitting at the group's top position. The group includes Zamora FC from Venezuela, Deportes Iquique from Chile and Guarani FC from Paraguay. With important signings in the past years such as Lucas Barrios, Gaston "La Gata" Fernandez, Miller Bolaños and Walter Kannemann, the team began its 2017 run with high expectations of a successful year from both fans and sports commentators alike.

SymbolsEdit

StarsEdit

According to the club the gold star, represents the victory in the World Club Championship; the silver one represents the two South American competition victories; and the bronze one represents the National competitions. There is also a gold star in Grêmio's flag that represents a player - Everaldo, a star from the 1970s who was the first Gaúcho (person from Rio Grande do Sul) to become a world champion with the Brazilian national team.

FlagEdit

The first club flag was unveiled by the club for the first time during the opening ceremony for the Baixada stadium. At that time, it had a horizontal stripe of blue, black and white, with a medallion on the left top corner. The Brazilian Flag was the inspiration for the Tricolor's standard from 1918 to 1944.

AnthemEdit

Grêmio's anthem is one of the most critically well-acclaimed amongst all Brazilian clubs because, other than the anthems of the clubs from Rio de Janeiro (all composed by Lamartine Babo), it is the only football anthem composed by a renowned composer, Lupicínio Rodrigues. Featuring a vivid and playful melody, the anthem features the famous verses: Até a pé nós iremos / para o que der e vier / mas o certo é que nós estaremos / com o Grêmio onde o Grêmio estiver (Even on foot we shall go / against all obstacles / but it is for sure we will be / with Grêmio wherever Grêmio may be). Grêmio fans are very fond of their faith, even when the club is not doing well, and boast that Grêmio, as the anthem hints, has never played without supporters somewhere in the world.

Eurico Lara, a goalkeeper who played for the club in the 1920s and in the 1930s, is mentioned in the anthem, where he is called the immortal idol (or craque imortal, in Portuguese).

Team kitEdit

Grêmio has as its primary colors blue, black and white, that make their kits unusual among of football, because few clubs in the world often use the junction of these three colors. Their nickname tricolor (tricolour) originated from the use of these colors. However, it is not since its foundation, in 1903, which uses these colors in your kits. The first uniform of Grêmio was inspired by the garments of English club Exeter City. At the time, the original kit included black cap, striped shirt in blue and havana (a variation of brown), white tie, shorts and socks black. Subsequently, the uniform was changed to blue and black, due to the lack of fabric color havana. Soon after, vertical white stripes were included in the kit, creating a pattern that is used to the present day. The definition on the Grêmio colors were included in the statute of the club, not allowing the creation of match kits in colors other than these:

  • Home colors – Vertical stripes of light blue and black, with white piping;
  • Away colors – White with blue and black detail;
  • Alternative colors – Black or blue with white details.

A special feature of the club is the general preference by the supporters for the simple and traditional kits without adding new colors and designs, something that has become common in modern football. Currently, Grêmio usually launch a full collection of kits once a year, usually in the second quarter, including also goalkeeper, training and travel kits. However, his third shirt begins to be sold only in the second half of the year. When qualify for the Copa Libertadores de América, the club also launches home and away kits at the beginning of the year to compete in the continental tournament, changing little from those used at present. Occasionally, the Grêmio also launches commemorative and retro kits to important years in the history of the club, such as 1981 and 1983.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2017 Home
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2017 Away

SponsorshipEdit

Category Product Enterprise
Master Banking   Banrisul
Diamond Sports equipment   Umbro
Diamond Health   Unimed
Gold Beer   Brahma
Gold Sports drink   Gatorade
Silver Automotive   Volkswagen
Silver Consultancy   Fusion
Silver Education   Unificado
Silver Education   Unilasalle
Silver Electronics   Harman
Silver Electronics   TAG Audio
Silver Fertilizer   Piratini
Silver Fitness equipment   Kallango Fit
Silver Health   Dietbox
Silver Pharmaceutical   Panvel
Silver Sanitation   3ª Via Industrial
Silver Telecommunication   NET
Silver Truckage   Gabardo

It was in the early 1980s, the Grêmio received its first official sponsor, with the Brazilian Olympikus providing sports equipment. The partnership lasted until early 1983, when, on account of the brilliant moment that had been living in your history, the Grêmio has signed a contract with a German Adidas to supply. However, the partnership was short-lived, as in 1985, with the end of the contract with Adidas, has emerged a new supplier, returning to the national level with the Penalty. In 1987, for the first time in its history the Grêmio signed a sponsorship agreement for stamping the belly region, with Coca-Cola. This turn in their campaigns unprecedentedly exchange their traditional red logo for black, because this color belong to the International, its biggest rival, and be vetoed at Grêmio.

Sponsorship of the Penalty and Coca-Cola persisted with the Grêmio for nearly a decade until, in 1995, the soft drink brand left the main sponsor of the shirts, which has been assumed by Brazilian Tintas Renner, until 1997. During 1998, was the time of General Motors assume this position, exposing numerous names of vehicles throughout the partnership. At the beginning of the 21st century, the Penalty leaves the club, with the Italian Kappa providing sports equipment.

In 2001, for payment of debts, the Grêmio closes an agreement with the state government of Rio Grande do Sul, exposing Banrisul banking mark on his shirt. However, after payment, is Banrisul who assumes the payments and becomes the master sponsor of the club. In 2005 the contract with Kappa came to an end, from this time the sports provision for the responsibility of another German in club history, the Puma. Also from this era, Grêmio open more spaces for smaller sponsors, with the first being Tramontina, Unimed, TIM and the return of Coca-Cola. In 2011, once again changing the supplier of sports equipment occurs, this time taking the Brazilian Topper, under the value of €4.8 million per season, which operates in the South American market, with a contract until the end of 2014. Beginning in 2015 season, the British company Umbro supply sports equipment of Grêmio, paying the value of €6 million per year.[15]

StadiumEdit

Grêmio's original stadium was the Estádio Olímpico Monumental, as it is called today. It was inaugurated on September 19, 1954 as Estádio Olímpico. At the time it was the largest private stadium in Brazil. Estádio Olímpico's first game was between Grêmio and Nacional from Uruguay; Grêmio won by a score of 2–0, with both goals scored by Vítor. In 1980 a second tier was added to the Olímpico, and the stadium was renamed the Olímpico Monumental. The first game at the renamed Olímpico Monumental was played on June 21, 1980, when Grêmio beat Vasco da Gama by a score of 1–0. Estádio Olímpico Monumental has an attendance record of 98,421 people for the game against Ponte Preta on April 26, 1981. Estádio Olímpico Monumental has 40 luxury booths which hold 10 people, and 5 booths which hold 20 people. It also has 140 places in a Tribune of Honor. It has 28 seats reserved for handicapped fans, 22 of which have space for people accompanying them. The Estádio Olímpico Monumental's Parking lot has space for 700 vehicles.

In 2012, Grêmio moved into their new stadium, Arena do Grêmio, a big multi-use stadium in Porto Alegre. Its capacity is 55,662 and is one of the most modern venues in South America.

Training centreEdit

The first location beyond the stadiums used by Grêmio for training was the additional field built next door of Estádio Olímpico Monumental. However, it can not be characterized exactly one training centre. In 2000 we completed the construction of the first training centre of the club, the CT Hélio Dourado, in Eldorado do Sul, in the metropolitan region of Porto Alegre, but, because of its location somewhat away, ended up being designed only for club's Academy.

In 2014 was finished the construction of the new training center of the Grêmio, the CT Luiz Carvalho, located next to the Arena do Grêmio, in Porto Alegre. It is adjacent to the Guaíba River, and has one of the most beautiful views of the city with the stadium and a cable-stayed bridge in the background.

SupportersEdit

Grêmio has around 8 million fans in the country, meaning that, in terms of ranking, the club is the 6th most supporters in the Brazil. Grêmio is one of the clubs with more associates on the world, reaching the milestone of 85,000 people.

Geral do GrêmioEdit

The largest group of Grêmio supporters is Geral do Grêmio, the first and largest Brazilian barra brava,[16] movement similar to European ultras, but with unique characteristics of Latin America. The group was created during the year 2001 with Grêmio fans watching games from the seats behind the southern goal at Estádio Olímpico Monumental (an area of the stands called "Geral", as in "general", where tickets had lower costs). Over the following years, more people joined the movement, and they decided to collectively call themselves by the name of the area from where they watched the games. A unique and traditional feature of the crowd is running down the stand (a movement called the "avalanche"), pressing against the fence when a goal is scored as a way to also embrace the players in celebration.

Being a barra brava, the Geral do Grêmio has differences with the ultras. On games they bring a band consisting of percussion and blowing instruments, dictating the rhythm of the chants throughout the game, never stopping or sitting. Banners and flags are exhibited in the length of the sector in which they are located inside the stadium, bringing a unique identity to their supporters. Also, wherever possible, they use flare, smoke bombs, fire extinguishers, among other materials to encourage the team on the field. In the Arena do Grêmio, which opened in December 2012, the lower northern stand was built with no chairs, with the Geral crowd and its "avalanche" celebration in mind. Later the avalanche celebration was made impossible by the addition of security metal bars.

RivalriesEdit

As the years went on, Grêmio and another important Brazilian football club, Internacional, started to form a rivalry. Soon the games between these two clubs got their own name, Grenal, and resulted in record attendance. Now the games fill the streets of Porto Alegre with football-crazed fans. The rivalry is now so ingrained that for many gaúchos and portoalegrenses blue is the opposite color of red, much like in video game culture.

In 1935, Eurico Lara, who was Grêmio's goalie, conceded a penalty kick. When the Internacional player was about to kick it, Lara's brother stopped the game and reminded him of his doctor's recommendation that he didn't overexert himself. He didn't listen. Soon the Internacional player took the shot. Lara caught it, but as soon as he did he fell sideways and didn't move. He was substituted after the wondrous save, and Grêmio won the game. But unfortunately he died two months later as a result from the fatigue from that game. Lara has been immortalized in the club anthem.

HonoursEdit

InternationalEdit

1983
Runner-up: 1995

ContinentalEdit

1983, 1995
Runner-up: 1984, 2007
1996

NationalEdit

1981, 1996
Runner-up: 1982, 2008, 2013
2005
1989, 1994, 1997, 2001, 2016
Runner-up: 1991, 1993, 1995
1990

RegionalEdit

1999
  • Campeonato Sul-Brasileiro: 1
1962

StateEdit

1921, 1922, 1926, 1931, 1932, 1946, 1949, 1956, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1962, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1968, 1977, 1979, 1980, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1993, 1995, 1996, 1999, 2001, 2006, 2007, 2010
Runner-up: 1919, 1920, 1925, 1930, 1933, 1935, 1961, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1978, 1981, 1982, 1984, 1991, 1992, 1997, 2000, 2009, 2011, 2014, 2015
2006

CityEdit

1911,1913,1912, 1914, 1915, 1919, 1920, 1921, 1922, 1923, 1925, 1926, 1930, 1931, 1932, 1933, 1935, 1937, 1938, 1939, 1946, 1949, 1956, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1960

Campeonato Brasileiro Série A recordEdit

Year Position Year Position Year Position Year Position Year Position
1971 6th 1981 1st 1991 19th 2001 5th 2011 12th
1972 10th 1982 2nd 1992 Didn't qualify[7] 2002 3rd 2012 3rd
1973 5th 1983 14th 1993 11th 2003 20th 2013 2nd
1974 5th 1984 3rd 1994 11th 2004 24th 2014 7th
1975 14th 1985 18th 1995 15th 2005 Didn't qualify[8] 2015 3rd
1976 6th 1986 16th 1996 1st 2006 3rd 2016 9th
1977 13th 1987 5th 1997 14th 2007 6th 2017 2nd
1978 6th 1988 4th 1998 8th 2008 2nd
1979 22nd 1989 11th 1999 18th 2009 8th
1980 6th 1990 3rd 2000 4th 2010 4th

PlayersEdit

First team squadEdit

As of 10 August 2017 [17]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1   GK Marcelo Grohe
2   DF Edílson
3   DF Pedro Geromel (vice-captain)
4   DF Walter Kannemann
5   MF Michel (on loan from Novorizontino)
6   DF Leonardo Gomes
7   FW Luan
8   MF Maicon (captain)
9   FW Michael Arroyo
10   MF Douglas
11   FW Everton
12   DF Bruno Cortez
15   DF Rafael Thyere
17   MF Ramiro
18   FW Lucas Barrios
19   FW Beto da Silva
20   GK Leo
No. Position Player
21   FW Fernandinho
22   DF Bressan
23   FW Miller Bolaños
25   MF Jailson
26   DF Marcelo Oliveira (3rd captain)
27   MF Lincoln
28   MF Kaio
29   MF Arthur
30   GK Bruno Grassi
32   FW Pedro Rocha
33   DF Bruno Rodrigo
35   MF Machado
48   GK Paulo Victor
88   DF Léo Moura
  DF Gabriel
  FW Jael

For recent transfers, see Grêmio F.B.P.A. transfers.

Transition team squadEdit

For more details on the Transition team and Academy squads, see Grêmio F.B.P.A. Academy.

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
24   GK Vitor
36   FW Ty Sandows
37   DF Lucas Rex
38   DF Conrado
39   FW Pepê
40   GK Dida
41   MF Balbino
42   DF Denilson
43   MF Patrick
44   FW Jadson
No. Position Player
45   FW Batista
46   MF Jeferson Negueba
47   DF Raul
48   FW Tilica
49   DF Guilherme Truyts
50   FW Vico
51   DF Zé Augusto
52   MF Jean Pyerre
53   MF Ezequiel Esperon
54   FW Dionathã

Out on loanEdit

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
  DF Breno (at Brasil de Pelotas)
  DF Fred (at Vitória)
  DF Iago (at Figueirense)
  DF Wallace Reis (at Vitória)
  MF Felipe Tontini (at Ceará)
  MF Gastón Fernández (at Estudiantes)
No. Position Player
  MF Lima (at Ceará)
  MF Moisés (at Chapecoense)
  FW Guilherme (at Botafogo)
  FW Henrique Almeida (at Coritiba)
  FW Lucas Coelho (at ABC)
  FW Nicolas Careca (at Figueirense)

Club officialsEdit

Managerial historyEdit

Date Coach Titles
1903–20   Mordiehck and Schuback 1911, 1912, 1914, 1915, 1919, 1920 Campeonato Citadino de Porto Alegre
1920–31   Lagarto 1921, 1922 Campeonato Gaúcho
1920, 1921, 1922, 1923, 1925, 1926, 1930, 1931 Campeonato Citadino de Porto Alegre
1931–44   Telêmaco 1931, 1932 Campeonato Gaúcho
1931, 1932, 1933, 1935, 1937, 1938, 1939 Campeonato Citadino de Porto Alegre
1945 Unknown
1946–49   Otto Bumbel 1946, 1949 Campeonato Gaúcho
1946, 1949 Campeonato Citadino de Porto Alegre
1950–53 Unknown
1954   László Székely
1955–61   Oswaldo Rolla 1956, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1960 Campeonato Gaúcho
1956, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1960 Campeonato Citadino de Porto Alegre
1961–62   Ênio Rodrigues 1962 Campeonato Sul-Brasileiro
1962 Campeonato Gaúcho
1962–63   Sérgio Moacir 1963 Campeonato Gaúcho
1964–65   Carlos Froner 1964, 1965 Campeonato Gaúcho
1966   Luís Engelke 1966 Campeonato Gaúcho
1967   Carlos Froner 1967 Campeonato Gaúcho
1968–69   Sérgio Moacir 1968 Campeonato Gaúcho
1970   Carlos Froner
1971   Otto Glória
1972   Daltro Menezes
1973   Milton Kuelle
1974   Sérgio Moacir
1975   Ênio Andrade
1976   Oswaldo Rolla
1976   Paulo Lumumba
1977–78   Telê Santana 1977 Campeonato Gaúcho
1979   Orlando Fantoni 1979 Campeonato Gaúcho
1980   Paulinho de Almeida 1980 Campeonato Gaúcho
1980   Oberdan Vilain
1981–82   Ênio Andrade 1981 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A
1983   Valdir Espinosa 1983 Intercontinental Cup
1983 Copa Libertadores
1984   Carlos Froner
1984   Chiquinho
1985   Rubens Minelli 1985 Campeonato Gaúcho
1986   Valdir Espinosa 1986 Campeonato Gaúcho
1987   Juan Mujica
1987   Luiz Felipe Scolari 1987 Campeonato Gaúcho
1988   Otacílio Gonçalves 1988 Campeonato Gaúcho
1989   Rubens Minelli
1989   Cláudio Duarte 1989 Copa do Brasil
1989 Campeonato Gaúcho
1990   Paulo Sérgio Poletto
1990   Evaristo de Macedo 1990 Supercopa do Brasil
1990 Campeonato Gaúcho
1991   Cláudio Duarte
1991   Dino Sani
1992   Ernesto Guedes
1992   Cláudio Garcia
1993   Sérgio Cosme
1993   Cassiá 1993 Campeonato Gaúcho
1993–96   Luiz Felipe Scolari 1995 Copa Libertadores
1996 Recopa Sudamericana
1996 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A
1994 Copa do Brasil
1995, 1996 Campeonato Gaúcho
1997   Evaristo de Macedo 1997 Copa do Brasil
1997   Hélio dos Anjos
1997–98   Sebastião Lazaroni
1998   Edinho
1998–99   Celso Roth 1999 Copa Sul
1999 Campeonato Gaúcho
1999   Cláudio Duarte
2000   Emerson Leão
2000   Antônio Lopes
2000   Celso Roth
2001–03   Tite 2001 Copa do Brasil
2001 Campeonato Gaúcho
2003   Darío Pereyra
2003   Nestor Simionato
2003–04   Adílson Batista
2004   José Luiz Plein
2004   Cuca
2004   Cláudio Duarte
2005   Hugo de León
2005–07   Mano Menezes 2005 Campeonato Brasileiro Série B
2006, 2007 Campeonato Gaúcho
2008   Vágner Mancini
2008–09   Celso Roth
2009   Paulo Autuori
2010   Paulo Silas 2010 Campeonato Gaúcho
2010–11   Renato Portaluppi
2011   Julinho Camargo
2011   Celso Roth
2012   Caio Júnior
2012–13   Vanderlei Luxemburgo
2013   Renato Portaluppi
2014   Enderson Moreira
2014–15   Luiz Felipe Scolari
2015–16   Roger Machado
2016–   Renato Portaluppi 2016 Copa do Brasil

ReferencesEdit

WebsitesEdit

  1. ^ "Arena do Grêmio official capacity". SkyScraper City. 
  2. ^ "Portal Oficial do Grêmio Foot-Ball Porto Alegrense – Títulos Internacionais". Portal Oficial do Grêmio Foot-Ball Porto Alegrense. Retrieved July 21, 2015. 
  3. ^ http://www.rs.gov.br/conteudo/199706/alemanha-e-futebol-uma-relacao-antiga-com-porto-alegre-e-o-rs
  4. ^ "Portal Oficial do Grêmio Foot-Ball Porto Alegrense – História". Portal Oficial do Grêmio Foot-Ball Porto Alegrense. Retrieved July 21, 2015. 
  5. ^ "Portal Oficial do Grêmio Foot-Ball Porto Alegrense – Curiosidades". Portal Oficial do Grêmio Foot-Ball Porto Alegrense. Retrieved July 21, 2015. 
  6. ^ "Site Oficial da FIFA diz que Grêmio ganhou a Copa Toyota em 1983" [Official FIFA website says Grêmio won the Toyota Cup in 1983] (in Portuguese). RBS. 2 July 2014. 
  7. ^ a b Leonardo de Escudeiro (5 December 2014). "Grêmio foi do 3º lugar em 1990 ao rebaixamento em 1991, e é difícil explicar por que" (in Portuguese). Terra. 
  8. ^ a b "No aniversário da Batalha dos Aflitos, Náutico frustra torcida e continua na Série B" (in Portuguese). 26 November 2016. 
  9. ^ "Grêmio anuncia Enderson Moreira como novo treinador para 2014". Terra Esportes. 
  10. ^ "Grêmio perde para San Lorenzo nos pênaltis e é eliminado nas oitavas". Globo Esporte. 
  11. ^ "Inter goleia o Grêmio em Gre-Nal no Centenário e fatura o tetra no Gauchão". Zero Hora. 
  12. ^ "Grêmio anuncia a contratação de Felipão, que volta 18 anos depois". Globo Esporte. 
  13. ^ "Grêmio oficializa a contratação de Giuliano". Portal Oficial do Grêmio. 
  14. ^ "Brazil football club Grêmio banned over racism incident". BBC Sport. 
  15. ^ "Umbro abriu a carteira para acertar com o Grêmio". Zero Hora. 
  16. ^ "A Torcida". Geral do Grêmio. 
  17. ^ "Grêmio official squad". Grêmio Foot-Ball Porto Alegrense. 

BooksEdit

  • Enciclopédia do Futebol Brasileiro, Volume 1 – Lance, Rio de Janeiro: Aretê Editorial S/A, 2001.
  • Especial Placar – 500 Times do Brasil, São Paulo: Editora Abril: 2003.

External linksEdit