Hull City Association Football Club is a professional association football club based in Kingston upon Hull, East Riding of Yorkshire, England. They compete in the EFL Championship, the second level of the English football league system. They play their home games at the MKM Stadium, after moving from Boothferry Park in 2002.[2] The club's traditional home colours are black and amber, often featuring in a striped design on the shirt, hence their nickname, the Tigers.[3] Hull also contest the Humber derby with both Grimsby Town and Scunthorpe United.[4][5]

Hull City
Full nameHull City Association Football Club
Nickname(s)The Tigers
Founded1904; 120 years ago (1904)
GroundMKM Stadium
Capacity25,586[1]
OwnerAcun Medya
ChairmanAcun Ilıcalı
Head CoachTim Walter
LeagueEFL Championship
2023–24EFL Championship, 7th of 24
WebsiteClub website
Current season

The club was founded in 1904 and was then admitted into the Football League a year later. They remained in the Second Division until relegation in 1930. Hull won the Third Division North title in 1932–33, but were relegated three years later. They won the Third Division North under the stewardship of Raich Carter in 1948–49, and this time remained in the second tier for seven seasons. Having been promoted again in 1958–59, they were relegated the following season and remained in the Third Division until they were promoted as champions under Cliff Britton in 1965–66. Twelve seasons in the second tier culminated in two relegations in four years by 1981. They were promoted from the Fourth Division at the end of the 1982–83 campaign and were beaten finalists in the inaugural Associate Members' Cup in 1984.

Hull were relegated in 1991 and again in 1996, but secured back-to-back promotions in 2003–04 and 2004–05. The club went on to win the 2008 play-off final against Bristol City to win a place in the Premier League for the first time. They were relegated after two seasons, but were promoted again from the Championship in 2012–13. Hull played in their first FA Cup final in 2014, who despite scoring twice early on, lost 3–2 to Arsenal after extra-time. Relegated from the Premier League the following year, they returned for a third time with victory in the 2016 play-off final. They were relegated again from the top-flight just a year later, before dropping into the third tier in 2020. Hull secured immediate promotion as champions of League One at the end of the 2020–21 campaign.

History

Foundation and early progress (1904–1945)

Hull City Association Football Club was founded in June 1904.[6][7] Previous attempts to found an association football club in Kingston upon Hull had proved difficult due to the popularity of rugby league in the city.[failed verification] By 1904, both Hull F.C. and Hull K.R. were already well-established sides with passionate local backing.[failed verification] The desire for a third team to represent the city in competitive sport was not particularly present at the time, but support would soon grow.[failed verification][6] The club faced some initial disruptions after foundation, as they had been unable to apply for membership of the Football League for the 1904–05 season and instead played only in friendlies.[8] The first of these matches was a 2–2 draw with Notts County on 1 September 1904, with a crowd of 6,000 in attendance.[failed verification] These early matches were played at Hull F.C.'s home, the Boulevard.[3] The club's first competitive football match was in the FA Cup preliminary round, drawing 3–3 with Stockton on 17 September, but they were eliminated after losing the replay 4–1 on 22 September.[9]

After disputes with landlords at the Boulevard, Hull City temporarily moved to the Circle, a cricket ground in West Park.[additional citation(s) needed][6] After having played 44 friendly fixtures the previous season, Hull City were admitted into the Football League Second Division for the 1905–06 season.[failed verification][10] Other teams competing in the league that season included Manchester United and Chelsea, as well as Yorkshire rivals Barnsley, Bradford City and Leeds City.[9] Furthermore, Grimsby Town, from the southern bank of the Humber Estuary in Lincolnshire, were also in the Second Division.[relevant?][citation needed] Interestingly, Hull and Grimsby were the only two professional teams who were granted official exemption from playing league football on Christmas Day because of the demands of the fish trade.[tone][11] Hull defeated Barnsley 4–1 at home in their first game,[9] and ended the season with a solid 5th-place finish.[vague][10]

In March 1906, a permanent home ground was opened for Hull City just across the road from the cricket ground, known as Anlaby Road.[vague][failed verification] It would house the team until 1939.[failed verification] Under the guidance of player-manager Ambrose Langley, Hull continued to finish consistently in the top-half of the table.[failed verification] They came agonisingly[tone] close to promotion in the 1909–10 season, recording what would be the club's highest-ever league finish for nearly a century. Hull had ended the season level on points with Oldham Athletic, but finished below the Latics due to goal average, where a narrow margin of 0.29 of a goal had meant the Tigers missed out on promotion.[failed verification][10]

Hull would continue to regularly finish in the top-half of the table prior to the suspension of English football during the First World War, but their momentum had gone after its restart in 1919. The Tigers began to struggle, finishing in the bottom half of the table in seven seasons out of the next eleven. This culminated in relegation to the Third Division North following the 1929–30 season.[failed verification][10] Despite the league campaign ending in relegation, Hull found much better luck in the FA Cup. Prior to 2014, Hull's greatest result in any cup competition was achieved in the 1929–30 FA Cup.[failed verification][12] The Tigers began with victories over the eventual champions of the Third Division, Plymouth Argyle and the eventual champions of the Second Division, Blackpool.[additional citation(s) needed] They then overcame Manchester City to meet Newcastle United in the quarter-finals. The first game at St James' Park finished as a 1–1 draw, but, in the home replay, Hull beat Newcastle 1–0. This meant Hull played the semi-finals, where they were paired with Arsenal, in a game held at the neutral venue of Elland Road in Leeds.[additional citation(s) needed] The semi-final ended 2–2, and, so, was replayed at Villa Park in Birmingham four days later.[additional citation(s) needed] Arsenal won the semi-final replay 1–0, thus ending Hull's cup run.[10]

 
Hull City squad in 1936

Hull would eventually be promoted back to the Second Division after they won their first-ever league title in the 1932–33 season.[citation needed] Managed by Haydn Green, they had finished above 2nd-placed Wrexham by just 2 points, mainly due to the goals of Bill McNaughton who was the league's top-scorer that season with 39 goals.

Lower-league success and financial crisis (1945–1985)

After the Second World War, the club moved to another new ground, Boothferry Park.[13] In the 1948–49 season, under the tutelage of former England international and now player-manager Raich Carter, Hull won promotion from the Third Division North as champions.[additional citation(s) needed][10] "Yo-yoing" between the second and third tiers of English football, City had promotion seasons from the Third Division to the Second Division again in 1958–59 and 1965–66, winning the Third Division title in the latter-season.[additional citation(s) needed][14][15] For the majority of the 1960s, Hull was managed by Cliff Britton, who has since achieved cult-status with supporters of the club for the successes he achieved, especially the Third Division title win in 1966.[failed verification] The side that year featured record club appearance-maker[citation needed] Jock Davidson and record club goal-scorer[citation needed] Chris Chilton as well as striker Ken Houghton and a young Ken Wagstaff, among others. It is widely regarded[by whom?] as one of the best squads the club has ever had.

On 1 August 1970, Hull became the first team in the world to be eliminated from a cup competition on penalties, beaten by Manchester United in the semi-final of the Watney Cup.[additional citation(s) needed][16]

By the early 1980s, Hull City were in the Fourth Division, and financial collapse led to receivership.[citation needed] Don Robinson took over as chairman and appointed Colin Appleton as the new manager.[citation needed] Both had previously held the equivalent roles with non-league Scarborough.[citation needed] Promotion to the Third Division followed in 1983, with a young team featuring such players as future England international Brian Marwood, future England manager Steve McClaren, forwards Billy Whitehurst and Les Mutrie, and Hull-born future captain Garreth Roberts.

In February 1983, City fans Henry Priestman as Harry Amber and Mark Herman as Mark Black worked together as Amber and Black to release the song "The Tigers are Back", with backing vocals provided by members of the City squad. This was done to help raise funds in order to pay the players' wages, as the effects of the previous seasons[vague] money struggles were still visible. Herman reworded the song "Out of Luck" by Priestman's previous band Yachts, to get the lyrics. The record sleeves and records contained the made up record label logo Don Records in tribute to Don Robinson, and the made up issue number COL001 in tribute to Colin Appleton.[17]

After narrowly missing out on back-to-back promotions in May 1984, Appleton left his position at Hull, having been enticed to become the new manager of Swansea City.[failed verification] His replacement was player-manager Brian Horton who would first join the Tigers on their summer tour of Florida the following month, where they visited Walt Disney World, and played the Tampa Bay Rowdies, managed by Rodney Marsh, in the return leg of the Arrow Air Anglo-American Cup.[failed verification][17] Mark Herman would direct and edit a short documentary film of the tour, with Priestman composing its music. Herman released the finished version online in 2016, titled "A Kick in the Grass".[non-primary source needed][18] Promotion followed in the 1984–85 season under Horton,[citation needed] with the young City squad now not only talented but experienced too.

Fall to the fourth tier (1985–2000)

Hull remained in the Second Division for the next six years before being relegated in 1991, by which time the club's manager was Terry Dolan.[failed verification] It was during this period in the Second Division that Hull fielded a black player for the first time, when Ray Daniel made his debut on 23 August 1986 in a home game against West Bromwich Albion.[19] He would make 58 league appearances for the Tigers before moving to Cardiff City in August 1989.

 
Boothferry Park in March 2008

The Tigers finished 14th in the Third Division in the 1991–92 season, meaning that they would be competing in the new Second Division the following season.[vague][10] In their first season in the rebranded division, Hull narrowly avoided another relegation, but the board kept faith in Dolan and over the next two seasons they achieved mid-table finishes.[citation needed] Financial difficulties hampered City's progress, as key players such as Alan Fettis and Dean Windass had to be sold to fend off winding-up orders.[failed verification][20] In the 1995–96 season, Hull were relegated to the Third Division.[3][21]

In 1997, former tennis player David Lloyd purchased the club. Lloyd sacked Dolan as manager, and replaced him with Mark Hateley, after Hull finished 17th in the league table.[failed verification][10][22] Hull's league form steadily deteriorated to the point that they faced possible relegation to the Football Conference. Lloyd sold the club in November 1998 to a South Yorkshire-based consortium, but retained ownership of Boothferry Park.[failed verification][22] Hateley departed in November 1998, with the club at the foot of the table.[failed verification] He was replaced by 34-year-old veteran player Warren Joyce, who steered the club to safety with games to spare.[vague][failed verification] Hull City fans refer to this season as "The Great Escape".[23] Despite this feat, Joyce was replaced in April 2000 by the more experienced Brian Little.[failed verification][3]

Despite briefly being locked out of Boothferry Park by bailiffs and facing the possibility of liquidation,[failed verification][20] Hull qualified for the Third Division play-offs in the 2000–01 season, losing in the semi-finals to Leyton Orient.[10] A boardroom takeover by former Leeds United commercial director Adam Pearson eased the club's precarious financial situation, and all fears of closure were banished.[3]

Rise to the top-flight (2000–2008)

The new chairman funded the club, allowing Little to rebuild the team. Hull occupied the Third Division promotion and play-off places for much of the 2001–02 season, but Little departed two months before the end of the season and Hull slipped to 11th place under his successor Jan Mølby, incidentally the club's first non-British or Irish manager.[failed verification][3]

 
Chart showing the progress of Hull City's league finishes since the 1905–06 season

Hull began the 2002–03 season with a number of[quantify] defeats, which saw relegation look more likely[to whom?] than promotion, and Mølby was sacked in October as Hull languished[tone] in 19th.[failed verification] Peter Taylor was named as Hull's new manager, and, in December 2002, just two months after Taylor's appointment and after 56 years at Boothferry Park, Hull relocated to the new KC Stadium.[additional citation(s) needed][3] At the end of the season Hull finished 13th.[10]

Hull were Third Division runners-up in 2003–04 and League One runners-up in 2004–05. These back-to-back promotions took City into the Championship, the second tier of English football.[10] The 2005–06 season, the club's first back in the second tier,[when?] saw Hull finish in 18th place, 10 points clear of relegation and their highest league finish for 16 years (since 1989–90).[close paraphrasing][3][10]

However, Taylor left the club to take up the manager's job at Crystal Palace, with Colchester United's Phil Parkinson confirmed as his replacement, but he was sacked on 4 December 2006 with Hull in the relegation zone, despite having spent over £2 million on players during the summer.[close paraphrasing][clarification needed][3][24] Phil Brown took over as caretaker manager,[clarification needed][24] and took over permanently in January 2007, having taken Hull out of the relegation zone.[close paraphrasing][25] Brown brought veteran striker Dean Windass back to his hometown club on loan from Bradford City,[additional citation(s) needed][26] and his eight goals helped secure Hull's Championship status, with a 21st-placed finish.[27]

 
Wembley Stadium before the Championship play-off final against Bristol City

Adam Pearson sold the club to a consortium led by Paul Duffen in June 2007, stating that he "had taken the club as far as I could", and would have to relinquish control in order to attract "really significant finance into the club".[citation not found][28] Under Paul Duffen and manager Phil Brown, Hull City improved greatly on their relegation battle of 2006–07 and qualified for the play-offs after finishing the season in third.[failed verification] They beat Watford 6–1 on aggregate in the semi-finals and played Bristol City in the final on 24 May 2008.[29] Hull won 1–0 at Wembley Stadium, with Hull-born player Dean Windass scoring the winning goal.[30] Their ascent from the bottom division of the Football League to the top division of English football in just five seasons was the third-fastest in England, behind joint-first Swansea (1977–81) and Wimbledon (1982–86).[31]

On 1 January 2008, midway through Hull City's promotion season, Amber and Black (now stylised as Amber & Black), released the song "The City's on Fire" on MySpace.[32][33] It was their first Hull City song since 1983.[32] It was later re-released just before 2014 FA Cup final.[17][34]

 
Phil Brown and players celebrate on promotion to the Premier League in 2008

Premier League football and "yo-yo" years (2008–2016)

Despite being a firm candidate for relegation ahead of the 2008–09 season[according to whom?], Hull began life in the Premier League by beating Fulham 2–1 on the opening day, in their first-ever top-flight fixture. Having gone 1–0 down inside 10 minutes, Geovanni scored Hull's first-ever top-flight goal, from outside the box, to equalise. Caleb Folan then won the match late on, after Craig Fagan capitalised on a defensive mishap by Paul Konchesky.[35] With only one defeat in their opening nine games, including away wins at Arsenal and Tottenham Hotspur, the Tigers temporarily found themselves joint-top of the Premier League table on points (albeit sat in 3rd place due to goal difference) following a 3–0 victory over West Bromwich Albion.[failed verification][36] Hull's form never replicated the highs of the early autumn, as they only won two more games over the remainder of the campaign,[failed verification][37] but secured their top-flight status on the last day of the season due to other results going in their favour.

On 29 October 2009, chairman Paul Duffen resigned his position with the club, and was replaced by former chairman Adam Pearson on 2 November 2009.[38][39] On 15 March 2010, manager Phil Brown was put on gardening leave after a run of four defeats left Hull in the relegation zone.[40] Brown's replacement was former Crystal Palace and Charlton boss Iain Dowie, and the appointment was met with some disbelief by supporters who were hoping for a "bigger name" replacement.[according to whom?][citation needed] Hull City's relegation from the Premier League was confirmed on 3 May 2010, after a 2–2 draw at Wigan Athletic.[failed verification][41] Both Brown and Dowie had their contracts terminated,[42][43] and Leicester City's Nigel Pearson was confirmed as the new manager.[44][45]

A reported block on player transfers into the club, set in place by the Hull City board on 28 July 2010 until transfers out would substantially reduce the £39 million-per-year wage bill, cast doubt on the new manager's efforts to build a squad capable of a quick return to the Premier League. Nevertheless, Pearson brought several transfers and loan signings into the club in his bid to strengthen the squad for the season's campaign.[failed verification][46][47] On 16 December 2010, it was confirmed that Assem Allam had become the new owner of Hull City, having promised to pay back club debts and eliminate any possibility of financial ruin.[additional citation(s) needed][failed verification][48] This allowed the team to spend more money in the following January window, bringing in several new transfers and short-term loans, including the notable arrival of Matty Fryatt from Leicester City for £1.2 million.[improper synthesis?][49] The newly revitalised team set a new club record on 12 March 2011 with 14 away matches unbeaten, breaking a previous record held for over 50 years.[improper synthesis?][50] This 17-match streak was finally broken by Bristol City on the last day of the 2010–11 season, with Hull losing the match 3–0.[51]

On 15 November 2011, Nigel Pearson left the club to return to Leicester.[52] Hull-born former club player Nick Barmby was appointed as his successor, initially as a temporary player-manager, but later as the full-time head coach, after retiring from professional football in January 2012.[53] Barmby was sacked in May 2012, after publicly criticising the club's owners in an interview given to a local newspaper.[additional citation(s) needed][54] In the same month, the club's consultancy agreement with Adam Pearson was terminated.[55] On 8 June 2012, Steve Bruce was appointed manager of Hull City on a three-year deal,[close paraphrasing][56] an appointment which would prove pivotal for the club's history. To begin, Bruce guided Hull back to the Premier League in his first campaign as manager, the 2012–13 season. Hull did so by securing a draw with league champion Cardiff City on the now-infamous[vague] final day, and then required a late Leeds United goal to fend off Watford's attempt to dislodge them from second place in the league table.[57][58]

 
Hull City supporters prior to the 2014 FA Cup Final against Arsenal

The following season, on 13 April 2014, the club reached its first FA Cup Final after defeating Sheffield United 5–3 in the semi-final at Wembley Stadium.[59] Their place in the 2014–15 UEFA Europa League, regardless of whether they won the 2013–14 FA Cup, was confirmed on 3 May as Everton's failure to win meant that Hull's FA Cup Final opponents Arsenal would compete in the 2014–15 UEFA Champions League, leaving Hull to enter into the Europa League third qualifying round, in their first-ever European campaign.[citation needed] The FA Cup final on 17 May 2014 saw Hull go 2–0 up within the first ten minutes, thanks to goals from centre-backs James Chester and Curtis Davies, before eventually losing 3–2 after extra time.[60]

On 31 July 2014, Hull made their debut in European competition, in the UEFA Europa League third qualifying round, with a 0–0 draw against Slovakian side FK AS Trenčín[61] before winning the second leg 2–1 a week later.[62] An error from goalkeeper Allan McGregor meant Hull lost 1–0 away to Belgian club KSC Lokeren in the first leg of their play-off tie, played on 21 August 2014.[63] Hull did manage to achieve a 2–1 victory in the second leg at home, but the away goals rule meant the Tigers lost the tie, marking the end of their first foray into European football.[close paraphrasing][64]

In March 2015, manager Steve Bruce signed his second three-year deal with the club.[65][66] Hull were relegated from the Premier League after the 2014–15 season, finishing 18th with 35 points. Relegation had been confirmed after Hull drew 0–0 at home to Manchester United and fellow relegation-candidates Newcastle United beat West Ham United 2–0 to survive the drop.[additional citation(s) needed][67] On 27 October 2015, Hull beat eventual Premier League champions Leicester City in a penalty-shootout to take them through to their first-ever quarter-final appearance in the Football League Cup.[additional citation(s) needed][68][69] Later that season, Hull reached the Championship play-offs, in the semi-final of which they beat Derby County 3–2 on aggregate, advancing to the final, against Sheffield Wednesday on 28 May 2016. Hull secured an immediate return to the Premier League by winning that game 1–0, with Mohamed Diamé scoring a long-range effort in the second half.[close paraphrasing][70]

Supporter unrest and steady decline (2016–2021)

On 22 July 2016, Bruce resigned from his position as manager due to an alleged rift with the club's owners and Mike Phelan was appointed caretaker manager.[failed verification][71] Steve Bruce's four-year tenure as Hull City manager is one of the most successful in the Tigers’ history, as his team achieved two promotions to the Premier League, including the club's highest-ever league finish, as well as an FA Cup final and European football. By the summer of 2016, supporters had been frustrated with several aspects of the Allam family's ownership of the club prior to this point (mainly the failed suggestion for the club to be rebranded as Hull Tigers), but the fall-out after Bruce's resignation alongside no new signings made since promotion had sharpened the idea of the club being sold. Attendances at home games dropped in protest of the Allams' ownership, but on-pitch results were surprisingly good considering the club's uncomfortable situation. This was highlighted by an infamous opening day 2–1 win at home to Leicester City, the reigning Premier League champions at the time.[vague][improper synthesis?][failed verification][72] Although good results continued until September, Hull's form quickly dipped. Despite this, on 13 October 2016, Phelan became Hull's permanent head coach, but was sacked less than 3 months later, on 3 January 2017, after little improvement.[73][74] Two days later, Marco Silva was appointed as Phelan's replacement, but he was unable prevent relegation at the end of the season.[additional citation(s) needed][75]

Following relegation Silva resigned, and on 9 June 2017, the club announced the appointment of Leonid Slutsky as the new head coach. However, after a poor run of results Slutsky left by mutual consent in December 2017.[failed verification][76][77] He was replaced by former-Southampton boss Nigel Adkins, who led the team to avoid relegation and finish 18th at the end of the season.[additional citation(s) needed][78] The following season, despite being in the relegation zone after 19 games, an upturn in form saw the Tigers finish in 13th place. However, Adkins resigned at the end of the season after rejecting a new contract.[failed verification][79] On 21 June 2019, Hull appointed Grant McCann as head coach on a one-year rolling contract.[80] In a season delayed due to the COVID-19 pandemic in the United Kingdom, the Tigers started well but lost 16 of their last 20 games, a run that included Hull's joint-worst league defeat ever, when they lost 8–0 away at Wigan Athletic.[close paraphrasing][additional citation(s) needed][81][82] On 22 July 2020, after a 3–0 away loss to Cardiff City, Hull were relegated to League One.[83] It would be the first time the club had played in the third tier of English football in fifteen years.[clarification needed][84]

Return to the Championship and new ownership (2021–present)

Despite relegation, McCann continued as head coach for the 2020–21 season. This decision would prove successful as on 24 April 2021, Hull were promoted back to the Championship at the first time of asking after a 2–1 victory away at Lincoln City.[85] A week later, on the final day of the campaign, a 3–1 win at home to Wigan Athletic confirmed Hull as League One champion for the season. It was only the fourth-ever league title that the club had won, and the most recent since the victorious 1965–66 Third Division campaign, 55 years prior.[86]

On 19 January 2022, after months of negotiations and speculation, Turkish media mogul Acun Ilıcalı and his company Acun Medya completed a takeover of Hull City, ending the club's controversial 11-year ownership under the Allam family. The Tigers sat 19th in the Championship at the time that the takeover was announced.[failed verification][non-primary source needed][87] On 25 January 2022, Grant McCann left the club,[88] but he was quickly replaced by Shota Arveladze as the new head coach two days later.[89] The former Georgia international helped Hull achieve Championship survival in the 2021–22 season in a relatively comfortable fashion,[90] before he was sacked on 30 September 2022, after four consecutive defeats in the league.[91]

On 3 November 2022, the club announced former player, Liam Rosenior, as head coach, on a two-and-a-half-year deal.[92] Having strengthened both the team's defensive record and the team's away record since his arrival, Rosenior guided Hull to a 15th-placed finish at the end of the 2022–23 season.[93] Despite Rosenior overseeing a highly-positive 2023–24 campaign, one where he was nominated for the EFL Championship Manager of the Season award[94] and had brought the Tigers within three points of a play-off place, he was sacked on 7 May 2024.[95] Owner Ilıcalı swiftly explained that Rosenior had been dismissed on good terms and that the departure was due to a difference in "football philosophy", with the Englishman unwilling to play the aggressive attacking style that Ilıcalı was demanding.[96]

On 31 May 2024, Tim Walter was appointed as the new manager of the club and would take up the post on 1 July 2024.[97]

Club identity

Colours and crest

 
Club crest 1979 – 1998
 
Club crest 1998 – 2014
 
Club crest 2014 – 2019

For most of the club's history, Hull have worn black and amber shirts with black shorts.[improper synthesis?] These black and amber colours are where Hull's nickname, The Tigers, originated from.[3] However, in the club's first match against Notts County in 1904, white shirts were worn, with black shorts and black socks.[clarification needed] During their first season in the League, Hull wore black and amber striped shirts and black shorts, which they continued to wear until the Second World War, with the exception of the 1935–36 season, in which they wore bright blue shirts.[clarification needed][8]

Following the end of the Second World War, Hull wore sky blue home shirts for the 1946–47 season, but changed to plain amber shirts, which they wore until the early 1960s, when they swapped back to stripes. During the mid-1970s, and early 1980s, the strip was constantly changing between the two versions of plain shirts and stripes.[clarification needed] During the late 1980s, red was added to the kits but its duration went no further than this.[clarification needed] The early 1990s featured two distinctive "tiger skin" designs, which have since featured in several articles listing the "worst ever" football kits.[failed verification][8]

The 1998–99 season introduced a kit with cross-fading amber and white stripes, another experiment that proved unpopular.[improper synthesis?] After the start of the 21st century, the club wore plain amber shirts until 2004, when the club celebrated its centenary by wearing a kit similar to the design of the one worn 100 years previously.[improper synthesis?][8]

In 1935, Hull City's introduced its first-ever shirt crest, which mirrored the familiar three crowns civic emblem of Kingston upon Hull.[failed verification] This was displayed on the bright blue shirts worn in the 1935–36 season.[clarification needed] Following that season, the team went without a crest until 1947, when a tiger's head in an amber shield was used.[improper synthesis?] In 1957, it changed again, this time to just the tiger's head.[clarification needed] This was worn for another three years, until the shirt returned to having no crest. Then, in 1971, the club brought back the tiger's head on the shirt, which was used for four years.[8]

In 1975, the tiger's head was granted as a heraldic badge by the College of Arms to the English Football League for use by Hull City, blazoned as a "Bengal tiger's head erased proper".[98] Subsequently, the club's initials of HCAFC were shown for four years on the shirt. After this, a crest with the tiger's head with the club's name underneath was used from 1979 until 1998.[failed verification] The next crest, which was in use throughout Hull's historic rise from the fourth tier, featured the tiger's head in an amber shield with the club's name, along with the club's nickname, The Tigers.[failed verification][8]

The club would change their crest again in June 2014, but this version was not well-liked among supporters and so from the close of the 2017–18 season a supporter-led process of redesigning the club crest took place. The new crest was to be used from the start of the 2019–20 season, being revealed in February 2019. This would be similar to the previous design but with the return of the club name at the top and a different shaped shield.[failed verification][99]

Kit manufacturers and sponsors

 
 
 
 
 
 
1904 home colours
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1935 home colours
 
 
 
 
 
 
1946 home colours
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Home colours worn throughout much of the 20th century

[citation needed]

Year Kit Manufacturer Kit Sponsor
1975–1980 Europa None
1980–1982 Adidas
1982–1983 Admiral
1983–1984 Hygena
1984–1985 Arrow Air
1985–1987 Twydale
1987–1988 Mansfield Beers
1988–1989 Matchwinner Riding Bitter
1989–1990 Dale Farm
1990–1993 Bonus
1993–1994 Pelada Pepis
1994–1995 Needler's
1995–1997 Super League IBC
1997–1998 University of Hull
1998–1999 Olympic Sports
1999–2001 Avec IBC
2001–2002 Patrick Sportscard
2002–2004 Bonus Electrical
2004–2007 Diadora
2007–2009 Umbro Karoo
2009–2010 totesport
2010–2011 Adidas
2011–2014 Cash Converters
2014–2015 Umbro[100] 12BET
2015–2016 Flamingo Land[101]
2016–2019 SportPesa[102][103]
2020–2022 Giacom[104][105][106]
2022–2023 Corendon Airlines[107]
2023– Kappa[108]

Grounds

 
The MKM Stadium

Between 1904 and 1905, Hull City played their home games at the Boulevard.[3] This ground was used on a contract, by Hull, that allowed the club use when it was not required for Rugby League, at a cost of £100 per annum.[109] Hull built their own ground, Anlaby Road, which was opened in 1906.[110] With the threat of the rerouting of the railway line through the Anlaby Road ground, the club was convinced it needed to secure its future by owning its own ground.[close paraphrasing][13] They negotiated the deal for land between Boothferry Road and North Road in 1929, which was financed by a £3,000 loan from the FA.[close paraphrasing][111] Due to the club's financial difficulties, no work took place for three years, and development then stopped until 1939. In that year a proposal to build a new multi-purpose sports stadium on the site temporarily halted the club's plans to relocate, but when this plan failed the club resolved to continue with the stalled development of the site, in anticipation of moving to the new stadium in 1940. The outbreak of war, however, meant that the redevelopment again came to a halt, as the site was taken over by the Home Guard.[close paraphrasing][13]

During the Second World War, Anlaby Road was damaged by enemy bombing, the repair cost of which was in the region of £1,000. The Cricket Club served notice to quit at the same time, and so in 1943 the tenancy was officially ended.[close paraphrasing][110] Hull were forced to return to the Boulevard Ground from 1944 until 1945 because of the poor condition of the planned stadium at Boothferry Road.[close paraphrasing][109] The new stadium was finally opened under the revised name of Boothferry Park on 31 August 1946.[close paraphrasing][13]

Hull City moved into the newly built KC Stadium alongside Hull F.C. in 2002.[close paraphrasing][13] The KC Stadium was named "Best Ground" at the 2006 Football League Awards.[close paraphrasing][112]

Rivalries

 
Hull City supporters at the celebrations on the team's promotion to the Premier League in 2008

Hull City are one of very few clubs in English football to have no clear rival. Hull do contest the Humber Derby with both Grimsby Town and Scunthorpe United, however they are both Lincolnshire clubs and generally consider each other as their main rivals, rather than Hull.[irrelevant citation][4][5]

According to a 2003 poll, Hull fans consider their main rival to be Yorkshire neighbours Leeds United, although this appears to be one-sided as Leeds have much stronger rivalries with other clubs, including Bradford City, Huddersfield Town and Manchester United.[improper synthesis?][113]

The club also has a minor rivalry with Sheffield United.[irrelevant citation][114] This goes back to 1984 when United won promotion at Hull's expense.[improper synthesis?] With the teams level on points and on goal difference, they were only separated by goals scored.[failed verification][115] Interestingly,[why?][tone] 33 of United's goals were scored by former Hull striker Keith Edwards. Hull's final game of the season against Burnley had been rescheduled due to bad weather and took place after their promotion rivals had finished their campaign. This meant Hull went into the game knowing that a three-goal victory would mean promotion, but in front of a crowd which included a number of United fans, they could manage only a 2–0 win, ensuring that United went up instead.[116][117]

Additionally, the 2003 poll found that Lincoln City and non-league York City fans considered Hull to be amongst their rivals.[113]

According to Andy Nicholls and Nick Lowles, in their book Hooligans: The A–L of Britain's Football Hooligan Gangs, the club's main hooligan firm appears to be the Hull City Psychos, dating back to the 1960s.[118]

Name change

2013: Initial application

In August 2013, owner Assem Allam announced that the club had re-registered as "Hull City Tigers Ltd," and that the team would be marketed as "Hull City Tigers," removing the "Association Football Club" that had been part of the name since the club's formation in 1904.[119][120] Vice-chairman Ehab Allam said "AFC" would remain on the club badge for the 2013–14 season, but be removed after.[close paraphrasing][121]

In response, a Premier League spokesman said, "We have not been informed of a change in the name of the actual club. They will still be known as Hull City as far as the Premier League is concerned when results or fixtures are published."[citation needed]

According to its chairman, by 2014, the club would be further renamed "Hull Tigers," because, as he claimed, "in marketing, the shorter the name the more powerful [it is],"[122] while "Association Football Club" made the name too long. Allam stated he dislikes the word "City", as it is too "common" and a "lousy identity", since it is associated also with other clubs, such as Leicester City, Bristol City and Manchester City.[failed verification] He told David Conn of The Guardian that "in a few years many clubs will follow and change their names to something more interesting and I will have proved I am a leader,"[122] adding that if he were the owner of Manchester City, he would change their name to "Manchester Hunter."[122]

Allam justified the intended name change as part of his plans to create "additional sources of revenue" for the club, after Hull City Council refused to sell him the stadium freehold so he could develop, as he had stated, "a sports park" on the site.[citation needed] The council has refused to sell in order, as they stated, "to preserve the annual Hull Fair held on the adjacent car park."[citation needed] After the collapse of the negotiations, Allam stated: "I had in mind £30 million to spend on the infrastructure of the club, to increase the stadium by 10,000 and to have commercial activities around the stadium — cafeterias, shops, supermarkets — to have all this to create income for the club so that in the future it can be self-financing and not relying on me." He asked rhetorically, "What if I dropped dead tomorrow?"[citation needed]

Supporters' groups expressed opposition to the name change. Bernard Noble, chairman of Hull City's official supporters club said he was disappointed, although he agreed that Allam had saved the club from liquidation and that it was "his club".[citation needed] Blogger Rick Skelton called the name change "a pointless exercise" and said, "Mr Allam's assertion that the name 'Hull City' is irrelevant and too common, is as disgusting a use of the English language as his new name for the club."[citation needed] Before the first home match of the season on 24 August 2013, a group of supporters marched in protest against the name change, and unfurled a banner that read, "Hull City AFC: a club not a brand".[close paraphrasing][121] Allam dismissed complaints by fans, stating "nobody questions my decisions in my business."[close paraphrasing][123]

In a comment published on 1 December 2013 in The Independent in response to supporters' chants and banners of "City Till We Die", Allam said, "They can die as soon as they want, as long as they leave the club for the majority who just want to watch good football."[124] The supporters responded with chants of "We're Hull City, we'll die when we want" during that day's home match against Liverpool. Manager Steve Bruce credited the controversy for creating " a fantastic atmosphere" but added, "I have got to have a conversation with him because I don't think he quite understands what it means in terms of history and tradition."[125] However, Bruce also said that, because of the money Allam had invested in the club, "If he thinks Hull Tigers is his way forward then we have to respect it."[126]

On 11 December 2013, a spokesman for Hull City announced that the club had formally applied to the Football Association to have its name changed to "Hull Tigers" from the 2014–15 season onwards.[close paraphrasing][127] The FA Council, which has "absolute discretion" in deciding whether to approve the plan or not, stated the next day that it would follow a "consultation process" with stakeholders, "including the club's supporter groups".[128]

2014: Resistance and rejection

Some brand and marketing experts came out in support of the name change. Nigel Currie, director of sports marketing agency Brand Rapport, stated that "the whole process has been conducted badly with the supporters, but [the name change] is a pretty sound idea."[close paraphrasing][129] Simon Chadwick, professor of Sport Business Strategy and Marketing at the Coventry University Business School, opined that the objective of opening up lucrative new markets for shirt sales, merchandise and broadcast deals shows commercial vision and could bring benefits, but "this needs to be backed up by a proper marketing strategy and investment." He said, "it's no use thinking changing the name or the colour of the shirt will pay instant dividends."[close paraphrasing][129] David Stern, commissioner of the National Basketball Association in the United States, warned: "I would say a wise owner [of a sports club] would view his ownership as something of a public trust, in addition to the profit motive, and you really do want to allow the fans a little bit more input than I think is being allowed, with respect to Hull."[129]

On 17 March 2014, the FA membership committee advised that the name change application be rejected at the FA Council meeting on 9 April.[close paraphrasing][130] In response, the club published a statement saying the FA was "prejudiced", and criticised the committee's consultation with the City Till We Die opposition group.[131] The following week, the club opened a ballot of season ticket holders over the name change. Opponents of the name change criticised as "loaded" the questions, which asked respondents to choose between "Yes to Hull Tigers with the Allam family continuing to lead the club", "No to Hull Tigers" and "I am not too concerned and will continue to support the club either way", on the grounds that voters were not given the option to reject the name while keeping the Allam family as owners.[132] Of 15,033 season ticket holders, 5,874 voted in all, with 2,565 voting in favour of the change and 2,517 against, while 792 chose the "not too concerned" option.[133]

On 9 April 2014, the FA Council announced its decision, carried by a 63.5% vote of its members, to reject the club's application for a name change.[close paraphrasing][134] The club's owner, Assam Allem, responded by stating it would appeal the decision.[134] However, since there was no appeal process with the FA and its council, the decision was final. On 11 September 2014, Allam mentioned that an appeal against the FA's ruling was being sent to the Court of Arbitration for Sport. He also held a news conference confirming the club had been put up for sale due to the English FA's decision on 9 April 2014.[additional citation(s) needed][close paraphrasing][135]

In October 2014, interviewed by the BBC, Allam confirmed that he would "not invest a penny more in the club" unless he is allowed to change the club's name to Hull Tigers.[clarification needed][136] In the same interview, Allam said, "I have never been a football fan. I am still not a football fan. I am a community fan."[136]

2015: Re-application

In March 2015, an independent panel appointed by the Court of Arbitration for Sport ruled that the decision of the Football Association Council to block the name change "cannot stand" on account of the process having been "flawed."[failed verification][close paraphrasing][137]

In July 2015, the Football Supporters Federation confirmed that a 70/30 decision was made in favour of Hull City A.F.C. not changing their name after an FA vote.[138]

Finances

In the club's annual report for the 12-month period up to 31 July 2009, auditors Deloitte stated that £4.4 million had gone out of the club and stadium company to owner Russell Bartlett's holding companies in loans, while at least £2.9 million of it was used in the take-over itself of the club.[139] A further £560,000 was paid, according to the audit, by the stadium company to Bartlett's holding companies in "management fees," while at least £1 million was owed to him personally as a "salary".[139] After the warning from Deloitte, Bartlett gave the club a £4 million loan,[vague][140] "which brought the money he had taken out and put in since taking over to about even."[139]

The corporate entity that owns the football club, "The Hull City Association Football Club (Tigers) Ltd," is currently owned by Allamhouse Limited, a private, limited-liability company with a share capital of £10 million (as of October 2012),[additional citation(s) needed][failed verification][141][142] registered in Jersey.[139] The beneficial owners of Allamhouse Limited, established in 2009,[143] are the Allam family.[141]

On an "Opacity Score" out of 100, where zero indicates complete openness and 100 complete secrecy, the company which owns the club has been rated by Christian Aid at 87.[139]

Hull City's corporate accounts, as of July 2013, showed a £25.6 million loss, on revenues of £11 million, after player and management costs of "just under £23 million."[144] The club has "future tax losses" available of more than £45 million.[144] Another Assam Allam company, Allam Marine, also wholly owned by Allamhouse Limited, revealed in its 2012 accounts that "utilisation of tax losses from group companies" reduced its tax liability by £3.8 million over 2011 and 2012.[144]

As reported,[by whom?] HM Revenue and Customs are in the process of[when?] an inquiry at Hull City AFC, as part of the British tax authorities' targeting of football clubs over "tax-free payments to players under image rights' deals and the provision of benefits in kind.[144] For Hull City AFC, the provision for benefits in kind was reported at £682,000 as of July 2011, growing to £810,000 by July 2012.[144]

Players

Current squad

As of 19 July 2024.[145][146][147][148][149][150][151][152][153][154][155][156]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
2 DF   ENG Lewie Coyle (captain)
3 DF   ENG Ryan Giles
5 DF   ENG Alfie Jones
6 DF   IRL Sean McLoughlin
11 FW   TUR Doğukan Sinik
14 MF   IRL Harry Vaughan
16 FW   ENG Ryan Longman
18 MF   ENG Xavier Simons
19 FW   COL Óscar Estupiñán
21 DF   ENG Brandon Fleming
22 FW   COD Jason Lokilo
24 MF   CIV Jean Michaël Seri
25 DF   IRL James Furlong
26 DF   ENG Andy Smith
No. Pos. Nation Player
27 MF   ENG Regan Slater
29 DF   ENG Matty Jacob
30 GK   CRO Ivor Pandur
32 GK   FRA Thimothée Lo-Tutala
35 DF   ENG Alfie Taylor
38 FW   ENG Henry Sandat
39 GK   ENG Owen Foster
40 MF   ENG Nathan Tinsdale
41 FW   ENG Tyrell Sellars-Fleming
42 MF   ENG Rocco Coyle
43 DF   IRL Stan Ashbee
50 MF   TUR Abdülkadir Ömür
GK   ENG Harvey Cartwright

Out on loan

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
28 MF   WAL Callum Jones (at Morecambe[)[157]
- MF   PER Yuriel Celi (at Club Universitario de Deportes)[158]
- FW   ENG Will Jarvis (at Shelbourne)[159]
- DF   IRL Jevon Mills (on loan at Bohemians F.C.)[160]

Captaincy history

As of 3 September 2023

Below is a list of all the official captains Hull City has had since the 2002–03 season.[additional citation(s) needed] Temporary captains are not included in the list.

Tenure Name
August 2002 – January 2011   Ian Ashbee
January 2011 – July 2011   Andy Dawson
August 2011 – July 2013   Jack Hobbs
July 2013 – May 2014   Robert Koren
July 2014 – July 2015   Curtis Davies
August 2015 – July 2018   Michael Dawson
August 2018 – July 2019   Markus Henriksen[161]
July 2019 – June 2020   Eric Lichaj[162]
June 2020 – August 2020   Jordy de Wijs[163]
August 2020 – June 2022   Richie Smallwood[164]
July 2022 – Present   Lewie Coyle[165]

Player of the Year

Hull City have presented a Player of the Year award since the 1999–00 season, with Mark Greaves winning its inaugural edition.[additional citation(s) needed][166]

 
Michael Turner, Player of the Year in the 2007–08 and 2008–09 seasons
 
Jarrod Bowen, Player of the Year in the 2017–18 and 2018–19 seasons
 
George Honeyman, Player of the Year in the 2020–21 season
 
Keane Lewis-Potter, Player of the Year in the 2021–22 season
Year Winner
1999–00   Mark Greaves[166]
2000–01   Ian Goodison
2001–02   Gary Alexander
2002–03   Stuart Elliott
2003–04   Damien Delaney
2004–05   Stuart Elliott
2005–06   Boaz Myhill
2006–07   Andy Dawson
2007–08   Michael Turner
2008–09   Michael Turner
2009–10   Stephen Hunt
2010–11   Anthony Gerrard
2011–12   Robert Koren
2012–13   Ahmed Elmohamady[167]
2013–14   Curtis Davies[168]
2014–15   Michael Dawson[169]
2015–16   Abel Hernández[170]
2016–17   Sam Clucas[171]
2017–18   Jarrod Bowen[172]
2018–19   Jarrod Bowen[173]
2019–20 N/A
2020–21   George Honeyman[174]
2021–22   Keane Lewis-Potter[175]
2022–23   Alfie Jones[176]
2023–24   Jacob Greaves[177]

Hall of Fame

On 18 October 2017, Hull City announced the creation of its own Hall of Fame to honour the numerous legendary figures from throughout the club's history, with the first inductees to be decided in February 2018.[failed verification][178]

 
Ian Ashbee, Hall of Fame inductee in 2018
 
Dean Windass, Hall of Fame inductee in 2020
 
Andy Dawson, Hall of Fame inductee in 2022
Year Inductee
2018   Ian Ashbee
2018   Billy Bly
2018   Chris Chilton
2018   Jock Davidson
2018   Ken Wagstaff
2019   Peter Skipper
2020   Dean Windass[179]
2021   Garreth Roberts[180]
2022   Andy Dawson[181]
2023   Nick Barmby[182]

Hull City Ladies F.C.

Hull City Ladies F.C. are not a registered affiliate of Hull City A.F.C. and their men's team; however, they do play in the same colours with a similar club crest and name. As of the 2023–24 season, they compete in the FA Women's National League Division One North. The Tigresses, as they are known, play their home games at the Easy Buy Stadium in Barton-upon-Humber.[183]

Hull City A.F.C. Reserves and Juniors

Hull City A.F.C. Reserves play in the Reserve League East Division.[184] The team plays home fixtures at the Church Road Ground, home of North Ferriby United.[184] Hull City A.F.C. Juniors compete in the Football League Youth Alliance, playing their home fixtures at Winterton Rangers' home stadium.[185]

Club management

Coaching positions

As of 5 July 2024.
Position Staff
Chairman Acun Ilıcalı[87]
Vice-chairman Tan Kesler[186]
Head Coach Tim Walter[97]
Assistant Head Coaches Filip Tapalović and Julian Hübner[187]
First Team Head Coach Andy Dawson[188]
Goalkeeping Coach Erbil Bozkurt[189]
Coach Analyst Vacant[190]
Head of Performance Strategy Beri Pardo[191]
First Team Strength & Conditioning Coach Matt Busby
Head of Medicine & Performance Andrew Balderston
Senior First Team Physio Stuart Leake
Head of Recruitment Vacant[192]
Kit & Equipment Manager John Eyre
Academy Manager Richard Naylor[193]
Youth Team Physiotherapist Duncan Robson

Managerial history

As of 31 May 2024.

Only professional, competitive matches are counted.[194]

* Caretaker manager
† Temporary Football Management Consultant

Name Nat Managerial Tenure G W D L Win %
James Ramster   August 1904 – April 1905 0 0 0 0 00.00
Ambrose Langley   April 1905 – April 1913 318 143 67 108 44.96
Harry Chapman   April 1913 – September 1914 45 20 10 15 44.44
Fred Stringer   September 1914 – July 1916 43 22 6 15 51.16
David Menzies   July 1916 – June 1921 90 31 27 32 34.44
Percy Lewis   July 1921 – January 1923 71 27 18 26 38.02
Billy McCracken   February 1923 – May 1931 375 134 104 137 35.73
Haydn Green   May 1931 – March 1934 123 61 24 38 49.59
Jack Hill   March 1934 – January 1936 77 24 15 38 31.16
David Menzies   February 1936 – October 1936 24 5 8 11 20.83
Ernest Blackburn   December 1936 – January 1946 117 50 31 36 42.73
Frank Buckley   May 1946 – March 1948 80 33 19 28 41.25
Raich Carter   March 1948 – September 1951 157 74 41 42 47.13
Bob Jackson   June 1952 – March 1955 123 42 26 55 34.14
Bob Brocklebank   March 1955 – May 1961 302 113 71 118 37.41
Cliff Britton   July 1961 – November 1969 406 170 101 135 41.87
Terry Neill   June 1970 – September 1974 174 61 55 58 35.05
John Kaye   September 1974 – October 1977 126 40 40 46 31.74
Bobby Collins   October 1977 – February 1978 19 4 7 8 21.05
Wilf McGuinness*   February 1978 – April 1978 9 1 4 5 11.11
Ken Houghton   April 1978 – December 1979 72 23 22 27 31.94
Mike Smith   December 1979 – March 1982 117 30 37 50 25.64
Bobby Brown   March 1982 – June 1982 19 10 4 5 52.63
Colin Appleton   June 1982 – May 1984 91 47 29 15 51.64
Brian Horton   June 1984 – April 1988 195 77 58 60 39.48
Eddie Gray   June 1988 – May 1989 51 13 14 24 25.49
Colin Appleton   May 1989 – October 1989 16 1 8 7 6.25
Stan Ternent   November 1989 – January 1991 62 19 15 28 30.64
Terry Dolan   January 1991 – July 1997 322 99 96 127 30.74
Mark Hateley   July 1997 – November 1998 76 17 14 45 22.36
Warren Joyce   November 1998 – April 2000 86 33 25 28 38.37
Billy Russell*   April 2000 – April 2000 2 0 0 2 00.00
Brian Little   April 2000 – February 2002 97 41 28 28 42.26
Billy Russell*   February 2002 – April 2002 7 1 1 5 14.29
Jan Mølby   April 2002 – October 2002 17 2 8 7 11.76
Billy Russell*   October 2002 – October 2002 1 1 0 0 100.00
Peter Taylor   October 2002 – June 2006 184 77 50 57 41.84
Phil Parkinson   June 2006 – December 2006 24 5 6 13 20.83
Phil Brown   December 2006 – June 2010 157 52 40 65 33.12
Iain Dowie   March 2010 – June 2010 9 1 3 5 11.11
Nigel Pearson   June 2010 – November 2011 64 23 20 21 35.94
Nick Barmby   November 2011 – May 2012 33 13 8 12 39.39
Steve Bruce   June 2012 – July 2016 201 83 44 74 41.29
Mike Phelan   July 2016 – January 2017 24 7 4 13 29.17
Marco Silva   January 2017 – May 2017 22 8 3 11 36.36
Leonid Slutsky   June 2017 – December 2017 21 4 7 10 19.05
Nigel Adkins   December 2017 – June 2019 78 26 21 31 33.33
Grant McCann   June 2019 – January 2022 136 53 30 53 38.97
Shota Arveladze   January 2022 – September 2022 30 9 6 15 30.00
Andy Dawson*   September 2022 – November 2022 8 3 0 5 37.50
Liam Rosenior   November 2022 – May 2024 78 27 28 23 34.62
Tim Walter   July 2024 – 0 0 0 0 00.00

Records and statistics

Andy Davidson holds the record for Hull City league appearances, having played 579 matches.[195] Garreth Roberts comes second, having played 487 matches.[195] Chris Chilton is the club's top goalscorer with 222 goals in all competitions; Chilton also holds the club record for goals scored in the League (193), FA Cup (16) and League Cup (10).[195]

The club's widest victory margin in the league was their 11–1 win against Carlisle United in the Third Division North on 14 January 1939.[195] Their biggest win in the top-flight was achieved on 28 December 2013, with a 6–0 victory over Fulham.[196]

Their heaviest defeat in the league was 8–0 against Wolverhampton Wanderers in 1911,[197] a record which was equalled against Wigan Athletic on 14 July 2020 in the EFL Championship.[82] Their heaviest top-flight defeat was a 7–1 defeat to Tottenham Hotspur on 21 May 2017.[failed verification][198]

Hull City's record home attendance is 55,019, for a match against Manchester United on 26 February 1949 at Boothferry Park,[13] with their highest attendance at their current stadium, the KC Stadium, 25,030 set on 9 May 2010 against Liverpool for the last match of the season.[failed verification][199]

The highest transfer fee received for a Hull City player is up to £22 million from West Ham United for Jarrod Bowen.[clarification needed][200] The highest transfer fee paid for a player is £13 million for Ryan Mason from Tottenham Hotspur.[additional citation(s) needed][201]

European record

Source:[10]

Season Competition Round Opponent Home Away Aggregate
2014–15 UEFA Europa League 3Q   FK AS Trenčín 2–1 0–0 2–1
PO   KSC Lokeren 2–1 0–1 2–2
Notes
  • 3Q: Third qualifying round
  • PO: Play-off round

Honours

Source:[202][10]

League

Cup

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