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The Football Association of Ireland (FAI; Irish: Cumann Sacar na hÉireann[1]) is the governing body for association football in the Republic of Ireland.

Football Association of Ireland
UEFA
Football Association of Ireland logo.svg
Founded1921
FIFA affiliation1923
UEFA affiliation1954
PresidentPaddy McCaul
Websitefai.ie

Contents

OrganisationEdit

The FAI has an Executive Committee of five members under the President, who receive expenses, as well as a paid administrative staff led by the general secretary Joe Murphy. The current chief executive is John Delaney who earns a salary of €430,000 a year.[2] There is also a General Council of delegates who vote at the AGM. As well as the senior clubs, the General Council includes delegates from a variety of affiliated organisations:[3]

Recent changes have been made to the organisational structure following the publication of the "Genesis II" report (a non-independent report produced by and for the FAI, following the publication of the independent and highly critical Genesis report) of 2005. This includes the reorganisation of the national football league system in line with the recommendations.[4]

ActivityEdit

The League of Ireland actually predated the FAI by three months. The FAI Cup was immediately established along the lines of the FA Cup and Scottish Cup competitions. A second cup competition was formed in 1974 called the League of Ireland Cup. The FAI Junior Cup and FAI Intermediate Cup are for non-League of Ireland teams. The Setanta Cup was inaugurated in 2005 as cross-border competition between FAI clubs from the League of Ireland and IFA clubs from the Irish League. There is also an Under 19 League of Ireland. The President of Ireland's Cup, a game between the previous season's League of Ireland and FAI Cup winners, was inaugurated in 2014.

The FAI also organises schools competitions, and international teams, including the senior team, underage teams, and the Olympic team.

HistoryEdit

Split from the IFAEdit

The FAI was formed in Dublin in September 1921 by the Free State League (League of Ireland), founded the previous June, and the Leinster FA, which had withdrawn from the IFA in June. This was the climax of a series of disputes about the alleged Belfast bias of the IFA. The IFA had been founded in 1880 in Belfast as the governing body for football for the whole of Ireland, which was then a single part ("Home Nation") of the United Kingdom. The Leinster FA was an affiliate founded in 1892 to foster the game in Leinster, outside its Ulster heartland. In 1920, all but two clubs in the Irish League were based in Ulster, in what was to become Northern Ireland the following year. While this largely reflected the balance of footballing strength within Ireland, southern clubs felt the IFA was doing little to promote the game outside the professional clubs in its heartland. Elsewhere association football was under pressure from the Gaelic Athletic Association, which banned members from playing or watching association football as being a "foreign" game. World War I increased the gulf as the Irish League was suspended and replaced by regional leagues, foreshadowing the ultimate split. The Belfast members were mainly unionist, while the Dublin members were largely nationalist.[citation needed] Tensions were exacerbated by the Irish War of Independence of 1919–21, which disrupted contact between northern and southern clubs and prevented resumption of the Irish League. The security situation prompted the IFA to order the April 1921 Irish Cup semi-final replay between Glenavon and Shelbourne to be replayed in Belfast, rather than Dublin as convention dictated. This proved the final straw.[5]

Both bodies initially claimed to represent the entire island. The split between Southern Ireland (which in 1922 became the Irish Free State) and Northern Ireland did not produce a split in the governing bodies of other sports, such as the Irish Rugby Football Union. The Munster Football Association, originally dominated by British Army regiments, had fallen into abeyance on the outbreak of World War I,[6] and was re-established in 1922 with the help of the FAI, to which it affiliated.[7] The Falls League, based in the Falls Road of nationalist West Belfast, affiliated to the FAI, and from there Alton United won the FAI Cup in 1923. However, when the FAI applied to join FIFA in 1923, it was admitted as the FAIFS (Football Association of the Irish Free State) based on a 26-county jurisdiction. (This jurisdiction remains, although Derry City, from Northern Ireland, were given an exemption, by agreement of FIFA and the IFA, to join the League of Ireland in 1985.) Attempts at reconciliation followed: at a 1923 meeting, the IFA rejected an FAIFS proposal for it to be an autonomous subsidiary of the FAIFS. A 1924 meeting in Liverpool, brokered by the English FA, almost reached agreement on a federated solution, but the IFA insisted on providing the chairman of the International team selection committee. A 1932 meeting agreed on sharing this role, but foundered when the FAIFS demanded one of the IFA's two places on the International Football Association Board.[8] Further efforts to reach agreement were made through a series of conferences between the IFA and FAI from 1973 to 1980 during the height of the Northern Ireland Troubles.[9]

The IFA did not feel obliged to refrain from selecting Free State players for its international team. The name Football Association of Ireland was readopted by the FAIFS in 1936, in anticipation of the change of the state's name in the pending Constitution of Ireland, and the FAI began to select players from Northern Ireland based on the Constitution's claim to sovereignty there.[10] A number of players played for both the FAI "Ireland" (against FIFA members from mainland Europe) and the IFA "Ireland" (in the British Home Championship, whose members had withdrawn from FIFA in 1920).[11] Shortly after the IFA rejoined FIFA in 1946, the FAI stopped selecting Northern players.[12] The IFA stopped selecting southern players after the FAI complained to FIFA in 1950.[13]

Summary
1880 – IFA founded in Belfast, representing all of Ireland ("Ireland")
1921 – FAI founded in Dublin, representing Southern Ireland ("Irish Free State")
1936 – FAI begins also selecting Northern players ("Ireland"/"Éire")
1946 – FAI stops selecting Northern players ("Republic of Ireland" as of 1954)
1950 – IFA stops selecting Southern players ("Northern Ireland" as of 1954)

Therefore,

IFA (today Northern Ireland) represents all of Ireland between 1880 and 1950
FAI (today Republic of Ireland) represents all of Ireland between 1936 and 1946

ConsolidationEdit

For many years, association football was largely confined to Dublin and a few provincial towns. In some towns the game had been started by British Army teams, leading to the derisory nickname the "garrison game". Association football was played in relatively few schools: middle-class schools favoured rugby union while others favoured Gaelic games. From the late 1960s, association football began to achieve more widespread popularity. Donogh O'Malley, TD, the then Minister for Education, began a new programme of state-funded schools in 1966, many with association football pitches and teams. The Gaelic Athletic Association's ban on members playing "foreign" games was lifted in 1971. RTÉ television, founded in 1962, and British television (available nearly everywhere on cable or microwave relay from the 1970s), broadcast association football regularly. Above all, the increasing success of the international side from the late 1980s gave increased television exposure, more fans, and more funds to the FAI.

Since 1988Edit

However, increased media exposure also highlighted some inadequacies of its hitherto largely amateur organisation.

 
The door of the former FAI offices in Merrion Square, Dublin.

In January 1999, the FAI announced a planned national association football stadium, to be called Eircom Park after primary sponsors Eircom. This was to be a 45,000 seat stadium in City West, modelled on the Gelredome in Arnhem. It gradually became apparent that the initial forecasts of cost and revenue had been very optimistic. FAI and public support for project was also undermined by the announcement of the Stadium Ireland in Abbotstown, which would have 65,000 seats and be available free to the FAI, being funded by the state. The Eircom Park project was finally abandoned in March 2001, amid much rancour within the FAI.[14][15]

The FAI made a joint bid with the Scottish FA to host the 2008 European Football Championship. This bid failed.

During preparation for the 2002 World Cup, the captain of the senior football team, Roy Keane, left the training camp and returned to his home. He was critical of many aspects of the organisation and preparation of the team for the upcoming games, and public opinion in Ireland was divided. As a result of the incident, the FAI commissioned a report from consultants Genesis into its World Cup preparations. The "Genesis Report" made a number of damning criticisms regarding corruption and cronyism within the association, but was largely ignored. The complete report was never published for legal reasons.[16] The FAI subsequently produced its own report of itself titled "Genesis II" and implemented a number of its recommendations.[17]

In 2002, the FAI announced a deal with British Sky Broadcasting to sell broadcasting rights to Ireland's international matches, as well as domestic association football, to be televised on its satellite subscription service. The general public felt it should be on RTÉ, the free-to-air terrestrial service, in spite of their offering much lower rates. Faced with the prospect of the government legislating to prevent any deal, the FAI agreed to accept an improved, but still lower, offer from RTÉ.[18][19]

In 2002, the FAI made an unsuccessful bid with the Scottish Football Association to host UEFA Euro 2008.[20]

Following the respectable performance of the national team in the 2002 World Cup, the team's fortunes declined under the management of Mick McCarthy, Brian Kerr and Steve Staunton.

In September 2006, Lars-Christer Olsson, CEO of UEFA, was quoted[21] as anticipating that Lansdowne Road in Dublin (actually owned by the Irish Rugby Football Union) would stage the UEFA Cup Final in 2010, and that the FAI and the IFA would co-host the 2011 UEFA European Under-21 Football Championship. The 2010 final was ultimately awarded to Hamburg,[22] but in January 2009, UEFA named Lansdowne Road as the host stadium for the renamed 2011 UEFA Europa League Final.[23] In August 2010, an FAI spokesman said they will have repaid all of their stadium debt of €46 million within 10 years despite the disastrous sale of 10-year tickets for premium seats at the Aviva Stadium.[24]

In November 2007 the FAI moved to new headquarters at the Sports Campus Ireland in Abbotstown.[25] Its headquarters since the 1930s had been a Georgian terraced house at 80 Merrion Square, which was sold for a sum variously reported as "in excess of €6m"[26] and "almost €9m".[27]

PrincipalsEdit

Office-holders
Office Name Tenure
General secretary Joe Wickham 1936–1968
Peadar O'Driscoll 1968–1988
Dr. Tony O'Neill 1988–1990
Sean Connolly 1990–1996
Chief Executive Bernard O'Byrne 1997–2001
Brendan Menton 2001–2003
Fran Rooney 2003–2004
John Delaney 2004–present*

*Delaney was interim CEO from 04–06

Management structureEdit

The Association's structure can best be split into three sections: the FAI Council, The Board of Management and Committees, and the FAI Administration Staff.[28]

The FAI Council is made up of 60 members from across the Irish football family. The Council elects the FAI's President, a number of committee members and also pass major decisions. The Board of Management has ten members: the President, Vice-President, Honorary Secretary, Honorary Treasurer, Chief Executive, and the six chairpersons of the Development (International, Domestic, League of Ireland, Legal/Corporate & Underage committees). The Finance committee is represented by the Honorary Treasurer rather than selecting a chairperson. A number of committee members elected by Council and a further number selected by the CEO, President and Council Representative (other than an officer). For balance within the committees, the person selected cannot be from the same affiliate as the person elected by council, while no one person can sit on more than two committees. The Chief Executive also sits as a voting member on the Finance and Legal and Corporate Affairs Committees.

Board of Management
Office Name
President Tony Fitzgerald
Vice President Donal Conway
Honorary Secretary Michael Cody
Honorary Treasurer Eddie Murray
Chief Executive John Delaney
Chair of International Development Milo Corcoran
Chair of Domestic Development Jim McConnell
Chair of League of Ireland Eamon Naughton
Chair of Legal/Corporate Paraic Treanor
Chair of Underage committees

ControversiesEdit

The FAI has been involved in a number of scandals and controversies during its existence, the most famous being the "Merriongate" controversy, which broke in 1996 when the media reported that in the 1990 and 1994 World Cups, the FAI had sought to acquire extra tickets for Ireland's matches by exchanging tickets it had been allocated for other games; sometimes with the relevant FAs, but sometimes with ticket touts. The FAI was left with many unsold tickets and heavy losses from these transactions.[29] ("Merriongate" refers to the FAI's then-headquarters in Merrion Square, Dublin).

The 2007 season saw the FAI start a five-year term of running the League of Ireland after merging with the League. There was controversy over the manner in which clubs were allocated between the two divisions of the new League, as simple promotion and relegation from the previous season's leagues was not used, but rather a weighting of results, infrastructure and finances.

In 2010 the FAI refused to sanction a high-profile friendly between Limerick F.C. and FC Barcelona in Thomond Park, at first citing a clash of fixtures, despite none of the games involving Limerick. It was later revealed that the reason for the refusal to sanction was due to an agreement the Association had in place whereby any game with a capacity of more than 20,000 had to be agreed with by a third-party, and that the FAI was in discussions about organising their own friendly with Barcelona (which the Catalan giants later refuted). When asked if Limerick could hold the friendly if they agreed to cap the attendance at 19,990, the FAI then informed the press that the limit in the contract was in fact 15,000. This apparent back-tracking, combined with abject media performances by John Delaney and Fran Gavin when attempting to justify the FAI decision, was seen as a further slap in the face for the League of Ireland, many of whose clubs were in serious financial danger.[30]

Shortly before this scandal, the FAI announced the first association football game to take place in the Aviva Stadium was to be between Manchester United and a League of Ireland XI. When the announcement was made, it was mentioned that this game would potentially clash with a Bohemians Champions League qualifier, should the club progress. The FAI responded by announcing negotiations with UEFA about a fixture change, which flew in the face of their decision not to grant the Limerick game due to a fixture clash with other Irish clubs.[31] It was also noted that the game was set up directly by the FAI and not the supposed third-party, despite the attendance being over 15,000.[32] The game itself was seen as a humiliation for the League of Ireland, as the FAI looked to have turned their back once again on Irish clubs in order to accommodate Premier League fans.[33]

After the Aviva Stadium curtain-raiser, the FAI announced that they had debts of €38 million, and had only sold 6,300 Vantage Club tickets from a projected 10,000.[34] This was at a time when the Chief Executive, John Delaney, earned €430,000, double what 2010 League of Ireland Champions received in prize money.[35][36] The figure of 6,300 was later questioned by an Irish Independent report which suggested in fact only 4,077 tickets had been sold, with as many as 1,000 of those 4,077 have been allocated to 10-year ticket holders, mainly taken by financial institutions who have not paid for the tickets since the project began.[37]

FAI Chief Executive John Delaney has confirmed he gave the association a €100,000 loan to help it through what he said was a short-term cash flow problem. In a statement on behalf of Mr Delaney, the FAI said the "bridging loan" was given in April 2017 and repaid in full to Mr Delaney in June of that year.In a second statement this evening issued by the FAI, Mr Delaney expanded on his comments. He said he acted in the best interests of the Association, at a time, he said, when immediate funding was needed. He described the loan as "a matter of timing," adding the loan had no impact on the full financial position or performance of the FAI for the year.

John Delaney appeared before the Oireachtas Committee on Tourism, Transport and Sport. It is hard to go much beyond that - in total he spoke for less than four minutes in the four-hour  morning session, his contributions somewhat curtailed by this line from his opening statement.

"On legal advice I am precluded from making any further comments at this hearing in relation to the finances of the Association or my former role as CEO or the €100,000 payment either directly or indirectly.

"In the interests of fair procedures and natural justice, while I have made this statement to the Committee and have attended this meeting voluntarily... I am not in a position to answer any such questions here at this time".

The chairman of the Leinster Senior League has called for change in how Irish football is run as he revealed that a large number of the leading amateur league's clubs are "not confident in the direction the FAI board is taking".

David Moran told RTÉ Sport on Thursday that the LSL committee had written to its 138 member clubs asking whether the Association's board should resign in the wake of revelations over a €100,000 loan from former FAI chief executive John Delaney to his employers.

"We have about 50 clubs back," Moran told RTÉ Radio 1's Morning Ireland today. "It's not positive for the FAI.

"Basically they're saying they're not confident after what they've seen over the last couple of weeks. They're not confident in the direction that the FAI board is taking this.

"Obviously we have to wait, we would like 100% of our clubs to come back and they'll mandate us to take it forward.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 15 November 2012. Retrieved 14 November 2012.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ "FAI chief executive John Delaney says he turned down a job which paid three times his current salary". Raidió Teilifís Éireann. 20 March 2013. Archived from the original on 19 June 2015. Retrieved 7 September 2013.
  3. ^ "Football Association of Ireland". fai.ie. Archived from the original on 31 March 2017. Retrieved 1 May 2018.
  4. ^ "Proposals on the strategic direction of the National League 2007–2012" (pdf). FAI / eircom League Implementation Committee. 2006. Archived (PDF) from the original on 18 March 2009. Retrieved 7 March 2009.
  5. ^ Garnham, Neal (2004). Association Football and society in pre-partition Ireland. Belfast: Ulster Historical Foundation. ISBN 1-903688-34-5. Chapter 6: "The game 1914-24: decline and division"
  6. ^ O'Mahony, Bertie (1998). Munster Football Association: 75 Years Service to the Beautiful Game 1922/1997. Cork: Munster Football Association. p. 27.
  7. ^ O'Mahony, op. cit., pg.31
  8. ^ Ryan, Sean (1997). The Boys in Green: the FAI international story. Edinburgh: Mainstream Publishing. ISBN 1-85158-939-2. pp. 23-5
  9. ^ Moore, Cormac (2015). The Irish Soccer Split. Cork University Press. ISBN 9781782051527. Archived from the original on 9 September 2015.
  10. ^ Ryan, op. cit. pg 33
  11. ^ Players Appearing for Two or More Countries Archived 3 August 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  12. ^ Ryan, op. cit. pg 50
  13. ^ Ryan, op. cit. pg 61
  14. ^ Menton, op.cit. Chapter 2: "Eircom Park and the National Stadium"
  15. ^ McDonnell, Daniel (6 November 2007). "Bureaucratic wrangling and inherent politicking scupper plans and leave FAI blazers with the home they deserve". Irish Independent. Retrieved 30 November 2007.
  16. ^ Menton, op.cit. pp 349–50
  17. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 18 April 2013. Retrieved 3 June 2015.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  18. ^ Menton, op.cit. Chapter 6: "The Sky TV Deal"
  19. ^ Flynn, Roddy (2004). "Tackling the Directive: Television Without Frontiers and Irish soccer" (PDF). Trends in Communication. 12 (2): 131–152. doi:10.1207/s15427439tc1202&3_6. Archived (PDF) from the original on 27 November 2007.
  20. ^ "Scotland and Ireland launch Euro 2008 bid". The Guardian. 28 February 2002. Archived from the original on 13 June 2014. Retrieved 1 June 2012.
  21. ^ "Lansdowne may host 2010 UEFA final" Archived 8 February 2007 at the Wayback Machine from Raidió Teilifís Éireann, 28 September 2006
  22. ^ Malone, Emmet (29 March 2008). "FAI's bid for 2011 UEFA Cup final put on hold". The Irish Times. Archived from the original on 20 May 2011. Retrieved 7 July 2008.
  23. ^ "UEFA announces 2011 and 2012 final venues". UEFA. 29 January 2009. Archived from the original on 14 April 2009. Retrieved 7 September 2013.
  24. ^ "FAI confident on Aviva debt". Irish Independent. 9 August 2010.
  25. ^ "FAI completes Abbotstown move". The Irish Times. 26 November 2007. Archived from the original on 17 October 2012. Retrieved 29 November 2007.
  26. ^ "so long, merrion". Irish Independent. 18 November 2007. Retrieved 29 November 2007.
  27. ^ "FAI scores with sale of its HQ for almost €9m". The Irish Times. 4 July 2007. Archived from the original on 17 February 2011. Retrieved 29 November 2007.
  28. ^ "FAI Board And Council". 15 June 2015. Archived from the original on 1 July 2015. Retrieved 15 June 2015.
  29. ^ Menton, Brendan (2003). Beyond the Green Door: Six years inside the FAI. Dublin: Blackwater Press. ISBN 1-84131-636-9.: Chapter 1: "Merriongate"
  30. ^ "FAI issue statement on Limerick v Barcelona clash". RTÉ Sport. 17 May 2010. Archived from the original on 20 May 2010.
  31. ^ Ahern, Neil (22 June 2010). "Aviva fixture clash looms after Bohs' favourable Euro draw". Irish Independent.
  32. ^ "FAI, Barcelona and Limerick: From the Confusing to the Bizarre". John O'Mahony. 19 May 2010. Archived from the original on 7 October 2011.
  33. ^ "Behind the scenes with Con Murphy". RTÉ Sport. 10 August 2010. Archived from the original on 20 July 2011.
  34. ^ "FAI report bleak figures at AGM". RTÉ Sport. 21 August 2010. Archived from the original on 20 July 2011.
  35. ^ "Bohemians' plight makes joke of Delaney salary". The Irish Times. 21 August 2010. Archived from the original on 21 October 2012.
  36. ^ "Domestic league prize money reduced". The Irish Times. 5 March 2010. Archived from the original on 20 October 2012.
  37. ^ "Newspaper claims FAI is in financial crisis". RTÉ Sport. 9 September 2010. Archived from the original on 10 September 2010.

External linksEdit