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Burnley F.C. (//) is a professional association football club based in Burnley, Lancashire. The team have played in the Premier League, the highest level of English football, since winning England's second tier league (the Football League Championship) in the 2015–16 season. Nicknamed The Clarets, due to the dominant colour of their home shirts, they were one of the founder members of the Football League in 1888.
|Full name||Burnley Football Club|
|Founded||May 1882; 135 years ago|
|2016–17||Premier League, 16th of 20|
Burnley have been Football League Champions twice, in 1920–21 and 1959–60, have won the FA Cup once, in 1914, and have won the Community Shield twice, in 1960 and 1973. The Clarets also reached the 1961 quarter-finals of the European Cup. They are one of only five teams to have won all top four professional divisions of English football, along with Portsmouth, Wolverhampton Wanderers, Sheffield United and Preston North End.
Burnley have played at Turf Moor since 17 February 1883. The club colours of claret and blue were adopted prior to the 1910–11 season in tribute to the dominant club of English football at the time, Aston Villa. Their current manager, Sean Dyche, was appointed on 30 October 2012.
Early days (1882–1912)Edit
During May 1882, Burnley Rovers Football Club decided to shift their allegiance from rugby union to football. Playing in various green or blue and white kits for their first few years, the club played their first competitive game in October 1882 against Astley Bridge in the Lancashire Challenge Cup, that game ending in an 8–0 defeat. In the early months of 1883 the club moved to Turf Moor and remain there, only their Lancashire rivals Preston North End having occupied the same ground continuously for longer.
Burnley first appeared in the FA Cup in 1885–86 but were ignominiously beaten 11–0 when eligibility restrictions meant that their reserve side had to be fielded against Darwen Old Wanderers. On 13 October 1886, Turf Moor became the first ground to be visited by a member of a (British) Royal Family. When it was decided to found the Football League for the 1888–89 season, Burnley were among the 12 founders of that competition. William Tait of Burnley scored the first ever hat-trick in League football (v Bolton, 15 September 1888). Burnley won the game 4–3.
Burnley, now known as 'the Turfites', 'Moorites' or 'Royalites' finished 9th in the first season of the league but only 1 place from bottom in 1889–90 following a 17-game winless streak at the start of the season. That season did, however, present Burnley with their first honours, winning the Lancashire Cup with a 2–0 final victory over Blackburn Rovers.
Before Burnley won a trophy again, they were relegated to the Second Division in 1896–97. They responded to this by winning promotion the next season, losing only 2 of their 30 matches along the way before gaining promotion through a play-off series then known as 'Test Matches'. Burnley and Stoke City both entered the last match, to be played between the two teams, needing a draw for promotion (or in Stoke's case to retain their First Division place). A 0–0 draw ensued, reportedly 'The Match without a shot at goal' and the League immediately withdrew the Test Match system in favour of automatic promotion and relegation. Ironically, the League also decided to expand the top division after the Test Match series of 1897–98 and the other two teams also went into the top division for the following year, negating the effect of Burnley and Stoke City's reputed collusion.
Burnley were relegated again in 1899–1900 and found themselves at the centre of a controversy when their goalkeeper, Jack Hillman attempted to bribe their opponents in the last match of the season (Nottingham Forest), resulting in his suspension for the whole of the following season. Burnley needed a win against Forest in the last match of the season to escape relegation. This is the earliest recorded case of match fixing in football. During the first decade of the 20th century, Burnley continued to play in the Second Division, even finishing in bottom place in one season, although the indications of success just around the corner were evident in 1911–12 when only a loss in the last game of the season denied the club promotion.
Clarets' glory either side of World War I (1912–1930)Edit
Burnley changed their colours from green to the claret and sky blue of Aston Villa, the most successful club in England at the time, for the 1910–11 season. The 1912–13 season saw them win promotion to the First Division once more, as well as reaching the FA Cup semi-final, only to lose to Sunderland. The next season was one of consolidation in the top flight, but more importantly their first major honour, the FA Cup, won 1–0 in the last final played at Crystal Palace against Liverpool. This cup final was historic in that King George V became the first reigning monarch to present the cup to the winning captain. The winning Burnley team also got special medals with 'English Cup Winners' written on it instead of the usual 'FA Cup Winners' inscription. World War I impacted the 1914–15 season, in which Burnley finished 4th in the First Division, before English football reorganised itself and took a back seat to the needs of the conflict. Upon resumption of full-time football in 1919–20, Burnley finished second in the First Division to West Bromwich Albion but this was not a peak, merely presaging Burnley's first ever League Championship in 1920–21. Burnley lost their opening three matches that season before going on a 30-match unbeaten run, a record for unbeaten games in a single season that lasted until Arsenal went unbeaten through the whole of the 2003–04 season. Burnley finished third the following season but thereafter followed a steady deterioration of their position, with only 5th place in 1926–27 offering respite from a series of near-relegations which culminated in demotion in 1929–30.
Low points through World War II: (1930–1945)Edit
Burnley struggled in English football's second tier, narrowly avoiding a further relegation in 1931–32 by only two points. The years through to the outbreak of the Second World War were characterised by uninspiring league finishes, broken only by an FA Cup semi-final appearance in 1934–35 and the arrival (and equally swift departure) of Tommy Lawton. Burnley participated in the varying football leagues that continued throughout the war, but it wasn't until the 1946–47 season that league football proper was restored.
Golden days (1946–1976)Edit
In the first season of post-war league football, Burnley gained promotion through second place in the Second Division. Additionally, there was a run to the FA Cup Final, with Aston Villa, Coventry City, Luton Town, Middlesbrough and Liverpool being defeated before Charlton Athletic beat Burnley 1–0 after extra time in the final at Wembley. Burnley immediately made an impact the top division, finishing third in 1947–48 as the club began to assemble a team capable of regularly aiming for honours. Between 1954 and 1957, manager Alan Brown introduced short corners and a huge array of free kick routines, which were soon copied across the land. In the 1956–57 season, Ian Lawson scored on his debut as a 17-year-old a record four goals versus Chesterfield in the FA Cup. That same season saw a club record 9–0 victory over New Brighton in the FA Cup—despite missing a penalty—and the following season former player Harry Potts became manager. The team of the 1950s revolved around the midfield duo of Jimmy Adamson and Jimmy McIlroy (a new stand was named after the latter in the 1990s) and these two were key to the championship-winning team of 1959–1960 managed by Potts (who now gives his name to the road which Turf Moor occupies). After a tense season in which Tottenham Hotspur and Wolverhampton Wanderers were the other protagonists in the chase for the league title, Burnley clinched the championship at Maine Road, Manchester with a 2–1 victory on 2 May 1960 with goals from Brian Pilkington and Trevor Meredith. Although they had been in contention all season, Burnley had never led the table until this last match was played out.
Burnley were one of the world pioneers and one of the most progressive clubs in the 1960s under the reign of chairman Bob Lord. They were the first team in the world to build a training ground next to the stadium, while every other team still trained in their own stadium, and the Turf Moor club used innovative training methods. Among other things, this resulted in an excellent youth team. Nearly all members of the 1959–60 Division 1 winning team had played in the Burnley youth team. Lord also pioneered the 'football specials'. 'The Clarets' were also the first to let a manager decide about the transfer policy. After this title winning season finished, Burnley went to the United States to take part in the first ever international football tournament in North-America, the International Soccer League.
The following season Burnley played in European competition for the first time beating Reims and losing to Hamburger SV, lost in an FA Cup semi-final and finished fourth in the league. Burnley were the first team to rotate their starting eleven for a league match (v Chelsea, 1961). They were fined by the FA after the game, as this was against the rules. The highlights of the 1961–62 season were finishing second in the league and a run to the FA Cup Final, where a Jimmy Robson goal was Burnley's only reply to 3 goals from Spurs.
Although far from a two-man team, the departure of McIlroy to Stoke City and retirement of Adamson coincided with a decline in fortunes. Adamson reputedly turned down the England manager's post which then went to Alf Ramsey. More damaging was the impact of the 1961 abolition of the maximum wage; nonetheless they managed to retain their First Division place throughout the decade finishing 3rd in 1966 and reaching the semi-final of the League Cup in 1968–69. They also reached the quarter-finals of the 1966–67 Fairs Cup, in which they were knocked out by Eintracht Frankfurt.
- QTR = quarter-final
|1960–61||European Cup||QTR||West Germany||Hamburger SV||3–1, 1–4|
|1966–67||Inter-Cities Fairs Cup||QTR||West Germany||Eintracht Frankfurt||1–1, 1–2|
The remainder of the decade was otherwise one of mid-table mediocrity, with Potts being replaced by Adamson as manager in 1970. Adamson was unable to halt the slide and relegation followed in 1970–71 ending a long unbroken top flight spell during which, more often than not, they had been in the upper reaches of the League table. Burnley had several players with international caps in the 1950s–1960s including, for England Ray Pointer (3 caps), Colin MacDonald (8 caps), and John Connelly (20 caps), a member of the 1966 World Cup squad, for Northern Ireland Jimmy McIlroy (55 caps) and for Scotland Adam Blacklaw (3 caps).
Burnley won the Second Division title in 1972–73 with Adamson still in charge. As a result, they were invited to play in the 1973 FA Charity Shield where they emerged as winners against Manchester City. In the First Division, led by elegant playmaker Martin Dobson, the side managed 6th in 1974 as well as reaching another FA Cup semi-final; this time losing out to Newcastle United. The following season the club achieved 10th place (despite Dobson being sold to Everton early in that season) but were victims of one of the great FA Cup shocks of all time when Wimbledon, then in the Southern League, beat Burnley 1–0 at Turf Moor. Relegation from the First Division in 1975–76 saw the end of Adamson's tenure as manager.
Decline and near oblivion (1976–1987)Edit
Three nondescript seasons in the Second Division followed before relegation to the Third Division for the first time in 1979–80. Of 42 league games, Burnley could not manage a win in either their first or last 16. Two seasons later, now under the management of Brian Miller, they were promoted as champions. However, this return was short-lived, lasting only one year; albeit a year in which the team reached the quarter-finals of the FA Cup and the semi-final of the League Cup, recording victories over Spurs and Liverpool in the latter, although the 1–0 win over Liverpool in the League Cup semi final second leg was not enough for an appearance in the final as Burnley had lost the first leg 3–0.
Managerial changes continued to be made in an unsuccessful search for success; Miller was replaced by Frank Casper in early 1983, he by John Bond before the 1983–84 season and Bond himself by John Benson a season later.
Benson was in charge when Burnley were relegated to the fourth level of English football for the first time ever at the end of the 1984–85 season. Martin Buchan (briefly) and then Tommy Cavanagh saw the side through the 1985–86 season before Miller returned for the 1986–87 season, the last match of which is known as 'The Orient Game'. For the 1986–87 season, the Football League had decided to introduce automatic relegation and promotion between the Fourth Division and the Conference league, the top tier of non-league football. Although, in retrospect, this has only served to blur the lines between professional and semi-professional leagues in England, at the time it was perceived that teams losing league status might never recover from this. Additionally, Burnley had a new local rival in Colne Dynamoes who were rapidly progressing through the English non-league system at the same time as the former champions of England were in the lowest level of the league. After a disastrous season (which also saw a first round FA Cup 3–0 defeat at non-league Telford), Burnley went into the last match needing a win against Leyton Orient. A 2–1 win, with goals from Neil Grewcock and Ian Britton, was enough to keep Burnley in Division Four, although even that achievement still relied on a loss by Lincoln City in their last game of the season.
In May 1988, Burnley were back at Wembley; this time to play Wolves in the final of the Football League Trophy. A capacity crowd of 80,000 people packed Wembley was a record for a match between two teams from English football's fourth tier, as Wolves won 2–0. In fact, this attendance of 80,000 is believed to be the highest attendance in world football for a lower league cup final. In 1991–92, Burnley were champions in the last ever season of the Fourth Division before the league reorganisation, and two years later they won the new Division Two play-offs and gained promotion to Division One under Jimmy Mullen. That too was as a result of a match at Wembley, this time against Stockport County. Relegation followed after one season and in 1997–98 only a last day 2–1 victory over Plymouth Argyle ensured a narrow escape from relegation into Division Three. Chris Waddle was manager in that season, but his departure and the appointment of Stan Ternent that summer saw the club start to make further progress. In 1999–2000 they finished Division Two runners-up and gained promotion to Division One.
Championship years (2000–2009)Edit
During the 2000–01 and 2001–02 seasons, Burnley emerged as serious contenders for a promotion play-off place in the Championship. By 2002–03 the side's form had declined despite a good FA Cup run. This was repeated the following season and in June 2004 Ternent's six years as manager came to an end. Steve Cotterill was then appointed as manager of the club. Cotterill's first year in charge produced two notable cup runs, knocking out Premier League clubs Liverpool and Aston Villa, and a 13th-place finish in the Championship. He was not able to improve on this the following season, and Burnley finished 17th.
Burnley made a good start to the 2006–07 campaign, but their form tailed away badly shortly before Christmas, leaving them threatened by relegation. The 2006–07 squad set a club record for consecutive league games without a win, with their game against Luton Town being the 18th one of the season (19 including a cup game), meaning they had gone one fixture further than the 17 league game streak of the 1889–1890 season. The sequence of draws and losses was finally broken in April, as Burnley beat Plymouth Argyle 4–0 at Turf Moor. After that, a short run of good form in the final weeks of the competition saw Burnley finish comfortably above the relegation places, ensuring that they remained in the Championship for the 2007–08 season.
The following season Burnley's poor early-season results led to the departure of manager Steve Cotterill in November 2007. His replacement was Owen Coyle. Coyle subsequently led the team to a total of 62 points for the 2007–08 season, their largest total for eight years. Coyle's first full season in charge ended with the Clarets' highest league finish since 1976, fifth in the Championship. That was enough to qualify the club for the Championship play-offs. Burnley beat Reading 3–0 on aggregate in the semi-final, and the team went on to beat Sheffield United 1–0 in the final at Wembley Stadium, promoting Burnley to the Premier League, a return to the top flight after 33 years. Wade Elliott scored the vital goal in a match known as "The £50,000,000 final", due to the increased revenues available to Premiership clubs after the agreement of substantially higher TV rights payments.
Premier League promotions and relegations (2009 onwards)Edit
2009–10 (1st tier)
The town of Burnley became the smallest town to host a Premier League club; this being the club's 52nd season in the top flight of English football. Burnley's home form in 2009–10 started well, including a 1–0 win against reigning champions Manchester United and a 1–0 win over top six club Everton shortly afterwards. The Clarets became the first newly promoted team in the Premier League to win their first four home league games. However, away form was poor, epitomised by a 3–2 defeat to local rivals Blackburn Rovers in October. Manager Coyle left Burnley in January 2010, to manage Bolton Wanderers. He was replaced by Brian Laws, with Russ Wilcox as his assistant and Graham Alexander appointed as player-coach. Burnley's form, which had already proved difficult to sustain in the last months of Coyle's reign, continued to decline under the new management, and Burnley were relegated after a single season in the Premier League.
2010–14 (2nd tier)
Burnley started the new 2010–11 season as one of the favourites for promotion but were inconsistent and Laws was dismissed as manager in December 2010 with the team in 9th place. Laws was replaced by Eddie Howe, with Jason Tindall as his assistant. Burnley ended the 2010–11 season in eighth place, and therefore remained in the Championship for the following campaign. On 12 October 2012 it was confirmed that Eddie Howe had left Burnley to rejoin his hometown club Bournemouth along with Assistant Manager Jason Tindall; Howe citing personal reasons for the move. On 30 October 2012 former Watford manager Sean Dyche took over as manager of Burnley.
2014–15 (1st tier)
On 21 April 2014, Burnley were promoted to the Premier League for the 2014–15 season after beating Wigan Athletic 2–0 with goals from Ashley Barnes and Michael Kightly, in Sean Dyche's first full season as manager of the club. The following season was the club's 53rd in the top flight, but Burnley were relegated back to the Championship on 9 May 2015 despite a 1–0 victory away against Hull City. Other results on that date left Burnley trailing 17th-place Newcastle United by seven points with only two matches to play.
2015–16 (2nd tier)
In the summer transfer window of 2015, the team lost key players: the previous season's top scorer Danny Ings saw his contract expire and joined Liverpool, and Kieran Trippier and Jason Shackell both departed as well. However, Burnley immediately returned to the top flight in 2016, with promotion guaranteed on 2 May 2016, after a 1–0 victory against Queens Park Rangers, with a single game remaining to play. A 3–0 victory against Charlton Athletic on 7 May 2016 confirmed them as champions of the Football League, finishing 4 points clear of nearest competitors Brighton & Hove Albion, and Middlesbrough, ending the season with a run of 23 league games undefeated. Manager Sean Dyche used just 25 players during the 2015–16 Championship season, and Andre Gray finished as top scorer of the league with 25 goals. This promotion was considered to be worth over twice as much in participation, merit and TV fees (about £101¼ million) as their first Premier League season.
2016–.... (1st tier)
During the 2016–17 season, Burnley once again combined excellent home form with poor away results, evoking comparisons with their ill-fated 2009–10 campaign. Although they managed to remain above the drop zone for most of the season, it took until the Crystal Palace game on Saturday 29 April 2017 for the team to record their first away win. With a draw in the third-last match of the season, Burnley reached 40 points. Hull City's subsequent loss at Crystal Palace on 14 May 2017 made that tally enough to ensure Premier League football for at least another season. The 2017–18 campaign began with an away win at current champions Chelsea.
- As of 21 September 2017
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Other players under contractEdit
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Out on loanEdit
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Notable former playersEdit
- For a list of players with over 100 league appearances for the club, see List of Burnley F.C. players
- For a list of players with 50–99 league appearances for the club, see List of Burnley F.C. players (50–99 league appearances)
- For a list of past and present internationals, see List of Burnley F.C. internationals
Current coaching staffEdit
- As of 23 October 2015
|Assistant Manager||Ian Woan|
|First Team Coach||Tony Loughlan|
|Goalkeeping Coach||Billy Mercer|
|Head Physiotherapist||Alasdair Beattie|
In the early years, various designs and colours were used by Burnley. Throughout their first eight years these were various permutations of blue and white. After three years of claret and amber stripes with black shorts, for much of the 1890s a combination of black with amber stripes was used, although the club wore a shirt with pink and white stripes during the 1894–95 season. Between 1897 and 1900 the club used a plain red shirt and from 1900 until 1910 the club changed to an all green shirt with white shorts. In 1910 the club changed their colours to claret and sky blue, the colours that they have now had for the majority of their history, save for a spell in white shirts and black shorts during the 1930s.
On 4 March 2007, Burnley's away kit for the 2006–07 season (yellow shirt with claret bar, yellow shorts and yellow socks) won the Best Kit Design award at the Football League Awards at the Grosvenor House Hotel in London.
On Monday 4 June 2007 the new home kit for the 2007–08 season was released, echoing the 1950s shirt; all claret with a blue v-neck and rims on the end of the arms which sport the word 'Burnley'. It featured gold trim and a new gold logo for the club's 125th anniversary.
For the Championship match against Stoke City on 24 November 2007, Burnley wore a commemorative 125th anniversary shirt based on their first kit; blue and white stripes with black trim/shorts and white socks.
The 2008–09 home kit was claret with sky blue arms and a sky blue stripe under the right arm, while the away kit was mostly sky blue with a claret trim. The club have confirmed that for the 2009–10 season they will wear a kit similar to the kit worn when Burnley won the old First Division title (i.e. what is now the Premier League title) in 1959–60, to commemorate the 50th anniversary of that achievement. The club also adopted a new badge for 2009–10, closely based on the previous crest which was first used by the Champions during the 1960 summer tour to North America.
Kit manufacturers & Shirt sponsorsEdit
The club's mascot is Bertie Bee. He wears the 1882 shirt and is popular with the Burnley fans. He became well known for rugby tackling a streaker on the pitch who had evaded the stewards, and appeared on the BBC Television sporting panel show They Think It's All Over after the event.
In the 2006–07 season, he was also joined by Holland's Pies Stan the Pie Man, due to a sponsorship deal.
Burnley have played their home games at Turf Moor since 1883. The stadium is located on Harry Potts Way, in honour of the 1958–1970 team manager. It now consists of 4 stands, the James Hargreaves Stand (The Longside), the Jimmy McIlroy Stand (Bee Hole End), the Bob Lord Stand and the David Fishwick Stand (The Cricket Field Stand) for away fans. The current capacity is 21,800 all seated. Post-World War I crowds in the stadium averaged in the 30,000–40,000 range with the record attendance set in 1924 against Huddersfield Town in a FA Cup match when 54,755 attended the match.
In 2008, plans were made to extend the stadium to a capacity of around 28,000. This capacity increase would include a second tier attached to the Bob Lord stand, along with a complete re-development. In addition, a new stand was planned to replace the Cricket Field Stand, which would also hold a cricket pavilion and hotel. In late 2008, these plans were put on hold as general economic conditions worsened in the UK.
On promotion to the Premier League in 2009, it was estimated that approximately £1 million of work would be required to bring the ground up to Premier League standards.
On 16 December 2009, the new ground development plans were unveiled in the match day programme against Arsenal. These include a brand new Cricket Field stand, re-development of the Bob Lord stand and 2 corners filled in. However the building work would have to wait for an increase in attendance and promotion and stabilisation back in the Premier League.
Burnley is still the record-holder of having the highest fan-ratio in Britain. In the championship year of 1960 the fan-ratio of Burnley was twice the top flight average.
Burnley were listed 2nd out of a list of 92 respective Football League clubs with the most rivals, with Blackburn Rovers, Halifax Town and Stockport County considering Burnley their main rival and Preston North End, Rochdale and Blackpool considering them their second main rival. Burnley consider their biggest rivalry to be with Blackburn. Games between them are known as the 'East Lancashire Derby'.
Some of the club's fans play Burnley FC Supporters Team in the Internet Football Association Supporters League, which is made up of over 80 similar teams. The club badge is based on the badge used by Burnley FC on the classic 1975–1979 'V' home shirt. The team were formed in 2007, when they were challenged to a game by their Preston North End counterparts, a game that ended in a 6–1 defeat. They subsequently entered the IFASL.
In early 2012 the Prince of Wales confirmed that he is a supporter of Burnley F.C. Prince Charles visits the town regularly and has taken a close, personal interest in the borough's regeneration and development. His various charities support numerous projects within the town & he visits Burnley regularly.
Others: Stewart Binns (author), Sir Bernard Ingham (former civil servant), John Kettley (weatherman), Bernard Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein (senior officer of the British Army), Blake Morrison (poet), Peter Salmon (producer).
First Division (level 1)