List of most expensive association football transfers

The following is a list of most expensive association football transfers, which details the highest transfer fees ever paid for players, as well as transfers which set new world transfer records. The first confirmed record transfer was of Willie Groves from West Bromwich Albion to Aston Villa for £100 in 1893[1] (equivalent to £14,000 in 2023). This occurred just eight years after the introduction of professionalism by the Football Association in 1885.[2] The current transfer record was set by the transfer of Neymar from Barcelona to Paris Saint-Germain for €222 million (£200 million) in August 2017.[3][4]

Neymar, who completed the most expensive transfer ever

Highest transfer payments in association football

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Most of the transfers on this list are to clubs under UEFA's jurisdiction, with most of the purchasing clubs being from England, Italy, and Spain.

Romelu Lukaku appears on this list three times for moves to Manchester United, Inter Milan, and Chelsea. Neymar, Cristiano Ronaldo and Kai Havertz appear on the list twice. All of the players on the list are of European (UEFA), South American (CONMEBOL) or African (CAF) origin. There are currently no players on the list from the remaining regions; North America (CONCACAF), Asia (AFC) and Oceania (OFC).

As of 14 August 2023
  Fee broke the world football transfer record at the time of the transfer
  Fee broke the record for a teenager at the time of the transfer
  Fee broke the national league record at the time of the transfer
  Fee broke the record for a South American player at the time of the transfer
  Fee broke the record for an African player at the time of the transfer
  Fee broke the record for a goalkeeper at the time of the transfer
  Fee broke the record for a defender at the time of the transfer
Top 50 most expensive association football transfers
Rank Player From To Position Fee
(€ million)
Fee
(£ million)
Year Ref.
1   Neymar   Barcelona   Paris Saint-Germain Forward €222[a] £198 2017 [3][4]
2   Kylian Mbappé   Monaco   Paris Saint-Germain Forward €180 £163 2018[b] [5]
3   Philippe Coutinho   Liverpool   Barcelona Midfielder €145 £105[c] 2018 [6]
4   João Félix   Benfica   Atlético Madrid Forward €126 £112.9 2019 [7]
5   Enzo Fernández   Benfica   Chelsea Midfielder €121 £106.8 2023 [8]
6   Antoine Griezmann   Atlético Madrid   Barcelona Forward €120[a] £107 2019 [9]
7   Jack Grealish   Aston Villa   Manchester City Midfielder €117 £100 2021 [10]
8   Declan Rice   West Ham United   Arsenal Midfielder €116.6 £100[d] 2023 [11]
9   Moisés Caicedo   Brighton & Hove Albion   Chelsea Midfielder €116.2 £100[e] 2023 [12]
10   Romelu Lukaku   Inter Milan   Chelsea Forward €115 £97.5 2021 [13]
11   Ousmane Dembélé   Borussia Dortmund   Barcelona Forward €105[f] £97 2017 [14]
  Paul Pogba   Juventus   Manchester United Midfielder €105[g] £89 2016 [15][16]
13   Jude Bellingham   Borussia Dortmund   Real Madrid Midfielder €103[h] £88.5 2023 [17]
14   Eden Hazard   Chelsea   Real Madrid Forward €100 £89[i] 2019 [18]
  Cristiano Ronaldo   Real Madrid   Juventus Forward €100 £88 2018 [19]
  Harry Kane   Tottenham Hotspur   Bayern Munich Forward €100[j] £86.4 2023 [20][21]
  Gareth Bale   Tottenham Hotspur   Real Madrid Forward €100 £86 2013 [22]
18   Antony   Ajax   Manchester United Forward €95[k] £82 2022 [23]
19   Cristiano Ronaldo   Manchester United   Real Madrid Forward €94 £80 2009 [24][25]
20   Joško Gvardiol   RB Leipzig   Manchester City Defender €90 £77 2023 [26]
  Neymar   Paris Saint-Germain   Al Hilal Forward €90 £77 2023 [27]
  Gonzalo Higuaín   Napoli   Juventus Forward €90 £75.3 2016 [28]
23   Harry Maguire   Leicester City   Manchester United Defender €87 £80 2019 [29]
24   Romelu Lukaku   Everton   Manchester United Forward €85 £75[l] 2017 [30]
  Jadon Sancho   Borussia Dortmund   Manchester United Midfielder €85 £73[m] 2021 [31]
26   Virgil van Dijk   Southampton   Liverpool Defender €84.5 £75 2018 [32]
27   Kai Havertz   Bayer Leverkusen   Chelsea Midfielder €84 £71 2020 [33]
28   Luis Suárez   Liverpool   Barcelona Forward €82.3 £65 2014 [34]
29   Wesley Fofana   Leicester City   Chelsea Defender €80.5 £70 2022 [35]
30   Romelu Lukaku   Manchester United   Inter Milan Forward €80 £74 2019 [36]
  Nicolas Pépé   Lille   Arsenal Midfielder €80 £72 2019 [37]
  Kepa Arrizabalaga   Athletic Bilbao   Chelsea Goalkeeper €80[a] £71.6 2018 [38]
  Aurélien Tchouaméni   Monaco   Real Madrid Midfielder €80[n] £69.4 2022 [39]
  Lucas Hernandez   Atlético Madrid   Bayern Munich Defender €80[a] £68 2019 [40]
  Darwin Núñez   Benfica   Liverpool Forward €80 £64[o] 2022 [41]
36   Zinedine Zidane   Juventus   Real Madrid Midfielder €76[p] £46.6 2001 [42][43]
37   Ángel Di María   Real Madrid   Manchester United Forward €75.6 £59.7 2014 [44]
38   Kai Havertz   Chelsea   Arsenal Midfielder €75.3 £65 2023 [45]
39   Matthijs de Ligt   Ajax   Juventus Defender €75[q] £67.5 2019 [46]
  Frenkie de Jong   Ajax   Barcelona Midfielder €75[r] £65 2019 [47]
  Randal Kolo Muani   Eintracht Frankfurt   Paris Saint-Germain Forward €75[s] £64.2 2023 [48][49]
  Rasmus Højlund   Atalanta   Manchester United Forward €75[t] £64 2023 [50]
  James Rodríguez   Monaco   Real Madrid Midfielder €75 £63 2014 [51]
  Kevin De Bruyne   VfL Wolfsburg   Manchester City Midfielder €75 £55 2015 [52]
45   Arthur   Barcelona   Juventus Midfielder €72[u] £66 2020 [53]
46   Victor Osimhen   Lille   Napoli Forward €70 £65 2020 [54]
  Rodri   Atlético Madrid   Manchester City Midfielder €70[a] £63 2019 [55]
  Thomas Lemar   Monaco   Atlético Madrid Midfielder €70 £63 2018 [56]
  Alexander Isak   Real Sociedad   Newcastle United Forward €70[v] £63 2022 [57]
  Alisson   Roma   Liverpool Goalkeeper €70[w] £62.2 2018 [58]
  Mykhailo Mudryk   Shakhtar Donetsk   Chelsea Forward €70[x] £62 2023 [59]
  Casemiro   Real Madrid   Manchester United Midfielder €70[y] £60 2022 [60]
  Dominik Szoboszlai   RB Leipzig   Liverpool Midfielder €70 £60 2023 [61]
  Sandro Tonali   Milan   Newcastle United Midfielder €70[z] £60 2023 [62]
  Dušan Vlahović   Fiorentina   Juventus Forward €70[aa] £58.3 2022 [63]

Most expensive player by confederation

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Confederation Player From To Position Fee
(€ million)
Fee
(£ million)
Year Ref.
CONMEBOL   Neymar   Barcelona   Paris Saint-Germain Forward €222[a] £200 2017 [3][4]
UEFA   Kylian Mbappé   Monaco   Paris Saint-Germain Forward €180 £163 2018[ab] [5]
CAF   Nicolas Pépé   Lille   Arsenal Forward €80 £72 2019 [64]
CONCACAF   Christian Pulisic   Borussia Dortmund   Chelsea Midfielder €64 £57.6 2019 [65]
AFC   Kim Min-jae   Napoli   Bayern Munich Defender €50[a] £43 2023 [66]
OFC   Chris Wood   Burnley   Newcastle United Forward €29 £25 2022 [67]

World football transfer record

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The first player to ever be transferred for a fee of over £100 was Scottish striker Willie Groves when he together with Jack Reynolds (£50) made the switch from West Bromwich Albion to Aston Villa in 1893,[2] eight years after the legalisation of professionalism in the sport. It took just another twelve years for the figure to become £1000, when Sunderland striker Alf Common moved to Middlesbrough.[68][69] It was not until 1928 that the first five-figure transfer took place. David Jack of Bolton Wanderers was the subject of interest from Arsenal, and in order to negotiate the fee down, Arsenal manager Herbert Chapman got the Bolton representatives drunk.[70][71] Subsequently, David Jack was transferred for a world record fee when Arsenal paid £10,890 to Bolton for his services, after Bolton had asked for £13,000, which was double the previous record made when Sunderland signed Burnley's Bob Kelly a fee of for £6,500.[69]

Diego Maradona and Ronaldo (pictured) were twice transferred for world record fees.[72]

The first player from outside Great Britain to break the record was Bernabé Ferreyra, a player known as La Fiera for his powerful shot. His 1932 transfer from Tigre to River Plate cost £23k,[71] and the record would last for 17 years (the longest the record has lasted) until it was broken by Manchester United's sale of Johnny Morris to Derby County for £24k in March 1949. The record was broken seven further times between 1949 and 1961, when Luis Suárez Miramontes was sold by Barcelona to Inter Milan for £152k, becoming the first ever player sold for more than £100k.[69] In 1968, Pietro Anastasi became the first £500k player when Juventus purchased him from Varese,[71] which was followed seven years later with Giuseppe Savoldi becoming the first million pound player when he transferred from Bologna to Napoli.[69][71]

After Alf Common and David Jack, the third player to twice be transferred for world record fees is Diego Maradona.[69][71] His transfers from Boca Juniors to Barcelona for £3m, and then to Napoli for £5m, both broke the record in 1982 and 1984 respectively. In the space of 61 days in 1992,[71] three transfers broke the record,[69] all by Italian clubs: Jean-Pierre Papin transferred from Marseille to A.C. Milan, becoming the first ever £10m player.[71] Almost immediately, rivals Juventus topped that with the signing of Gianluca Vialli for a fee of £12m from Sampdoria. Milan then completed the signing of Gianluigi Lentini for a fee of £13m which stood as the record for three years.

The 1996 transfer of Alan Shearer from Blackburn Rovers to Newcastle United, for a fee of £15m,[73] kickstarted a year-by-year succession of record breaking transfers: Ronaldo moved the following year to Inter Milan from Barcelona for a fee of £17m,[74] which was followed in 1998 by the shock transfer of his fellow countryman Denílson from São Paulo to Real Betis for a fee of approximately £21m.[69][71][75] In 1999 and 2000, Italian clubs returned to their record-breaking ways, with Christian Vieri transferring from Lazio to Inter Milan for £28m,[76] while Hernán Crespo's transfer from Parma to Lazio ensured he became the first player to cost more than £30m.[69][77] The transfer prompted the BBC to ask "has the world gone mad"?[78] It took two weeks for the record to be broken when Luís Figo made a controversial £37m move from Barcelona to rivals Real Madrid.[69][79] A year later, Real increased the record again with a signing of Zinedine Zidane for £48 million (150 billion lire).[80]

Zidane's record stood for 8 years, the longest since the 1940s. Real Madrid continued with the Galácticos policy by buying Kaká from Milan for €67 million (£56 million),[81] which was the world record in pound sterling. However, both world record in euro and in pound sterling were broken by Real themselves when signing Cristiano Ronaldo for £80m (€94m) from Manchester United in the same transfer window,[69][82] Four years later Real Madrid broke the record again after completed the signing of Gareth Bale from Tottenham Hotspur in 2013. Although Real initially insisted that the transfer cost €91.59 million, slightly less than the Ronaldo fee, the deal was widely reported to be around €100 million (around £85.1 million).[83][84] Documents leaked in 2016 by Football Leaks revealed that instalments brought the final Bale fee up to a total of €100,759,418.[69][85] In 2016, Manchester United eventually took the record away from Real Madrid, signing French midfielder Paul Pogba for €105 million (£89 million),[86] four years after having released him to Juventus for training compensation.

A year after the Pogba transfer, however, there was a major jump in the record fee. Paris Saint-Germain matched the €222 million buyout fee of Barcelona's Neymar, converted to a reported £198 million by different sources,[4] or £200 million[3] more than double the previous record. This was the first time that the record fee was paid by a French club.

Historical progression

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Year Player Selling club Buying club Fee (£)
1893   Willie Groves   West Bromwich Albion   Aston Villa 100[2]
1896   Fred Wheldon   Small Heath   Aston Villa 350-500[87]
1903   Ben Green   Barnsley   Small Heath 500[88]
1904   Alf Common (1)   Sheffield United   Sunderland 520[89]
1904   Andy McCombie   Sunderland   Newcastle United 700[90]
1905   Alf Common (2)   Sunderland   Middlesbrough 1,000[91]
1913   Daniel Shea   West Ham United   Blackburn Rovers 2,000[92]
1913   Tommy Barber   Bolton Wanderers   Aston Villa 2,000[93]
1914   Percy Dawson   Heart of Midlothian   Blackburn Rovers 2,500[94]
1920   David Jack (1)   Plymouth Argyle   Bolton Wanderers 3,500[95]
1921   Tom Hamilton   Kilmarnock   Preston North End 4,600[96]
1922   Syd Puddefoot   West Ham United   Falkirk 5,000[97]
1922   Warney Cresswell   South Shields   Sunderland 5,500[98]
1925   Bob Kelly   Burnley   Sunderland 6,500[99]
1928   David Jack (2)   Bolton Wanderers   Arsenal 10,890[100]
1932   Bernabé Ferreyra   Tigre   River Plate 23,000[100]
1949   Johnny Morris   Manchester United   Derby County 24,000[99]
1949   Eddie Quigley   Sheffield Wednesday   Preston North End 26,500[99]
1950   Trevor Ford   Aston Villa   Sunderland 30,000[99]
1951   Jackie Sewell   Notts County   Sheffield Wednesday 34,500[99]
1952   Hans Jeppson   Atalanta   Napoli 52,000[100]
1954   Juan Schiaffino   Peñarol   Milan 72,000[100]
1957   Omar Sivori   River Plate   Juventus 93,000[100]
1961   Luis Suárez   Barcelona   Inter Milan 152,000[100]
1963   Angelo Sormani   Mantova   Roma 250,000[100]
1967   Harald Nielsen   Bologna   Inter Milan 300,000[101]
1968   Pietro Anastasi   Varese   Juventus 500,000[100]
1973   Johan Cruyff   Ajax   Barcelona 922,000[100]
1975   Giuseppe Savoldi   Bologna   Napoli 1,200,000[100]
1976   Paolo Rossi   Vicenza   Juventus 1,750,000[100]
1982   Diego Maradona (1)   Boca Juniors   Barcelona 3,000,000[100]
1984   Diego Maradona (2)   Barcelona   Napoli 5,000,000[100]
1987   Ruud Gullit   PSV Eindhoven   Milan 6,000,000[100]
1990   Roberto Baggio   Fiorentina   Juventus 8,000,000[100]
1992   Jean-Pierre Papin   Marseille   Milan 10,000,000[100]
1992   Gianluca Vialli   Sampdoria   Juventus 12,000,000[100]
1992   Gianluigi Lentini   Torino   Milan 13,000,000[100]
1996   Ronaldo (1)   PSV Eindhoven   Barcelona 13,200,000[100]
1996   Alan Shearer   Blackburn Rovers   Newcastle United 15,000,000[102]
1997   Ronaldo (2)   Barcelona   Inter Milan 19,500,000[100]
1998   Denílson   São Paulo   Real Betis 21,500,000[103][104]
1999   Christian Vieri   Lazio   Inter Milan 32,000,000[105]
2000   Hernán Crespo   Parma   Lazio 35,500,000[105]
2000   Luís Figo   Barcelona   Real Madrid 37,000,000[105]
2001   Zinedine Zidane   Juventus   Real Madrid 46,600,000[105]
2009   Kaká   Milan   Real Madrid 56,000,000[106]
2009   Cristiano Ronaldo   Manchester United   Real Madrid 80,000,000[107]
2013   Gareth Bale   Tottenham Hotspur   Real Madrid 86,000,000[108]
2016   Paul Pogba   Juventus   Manchester United 89,000,000[109]
2017   Neymar   Barcelona   Paris Saint-Germain 200,000,000[3][4]

Number of record players by country

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Country Player records Record selling Record buying
  England 16 20 19
  Italy 8 14 18
  Argentina 5 3 1
  Brazil 5 1 0
  France 3 1 1
  Scotland 3 2 1
  Netherlands 2 3 0
  Wales 2 0 0
  Portugal 2 0 0
  Spain 1 5 9
  Uruguay 1 1 0
  Denmark 1 0 0
  Sweden 1 0 0

Cumulative transfers

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[110]

Player Paid Transfers Fees
(£ million)
  Neymar 3 £344.1
  Romelu Lukaku 7 £291.9
  Cristiano Ronaldo 4 £212.5
  Ousmane Dembele 3 £189.2
  Álvaro Morata 5 £162.5
  Philippe Coutinho 4 £155.0
  Antoine Griezmann 3 £154.7
  Kylian Mbappé 1 £154.7
  Ángel Di María 4 £154.0
  Zlatan Ibrahimović 6 £145.3

Managers

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While players are often purchased for high fees, the fee to release a manager from their contract is a lot less.[111][112][113] Usually described as a "compensation fee", the amount paid to the manager's current club is based around several factors including the total salary for the current length of his contract, as well as potential bonuses and sponsorship deals, and additional fees if the club also need to pay compensation to hire a new manager.[111]

For football managers, the list is as follows:

Rank Manager From To Transfer fee Year Ref.
£ million million
1   Julian Nagelsmann   RB Leipzig   Bayern Munich £21.7 €25 2021 [114]
2   Graham Potter   Brighton & Hove Albion   Chelsea £20 €23 2022 [115]
3   André Villas-Boas   Porto   Chelsea £13.3 €15 2011 [116][117]
4   Vincent Kompany   Burnley   Bayern Munich £10.2 €12 2024 [118][119]
5   Brendan Rodgers   Celtic   Leicester City £9 €10.44 2019 [120]
6   Rúben Amorim   Braga   Sporting CP £8.65 €10 2020 [121]
7   José Mourinho   Inter Milan   Real Madrid £6.8 €8 2010 [122]
8   Adi Hütter   Eintracht Frankfurt   Borussia Mönchengladbach £6.5 €7.5 2021 [123]
9   Unai Emery   Villarreal   Aston Villa £5.25 €6 2022 [124]
10   Mark Hughes   Blackburn Rovers   Manchester City £5 €6.2 2008 [125]
  Brendan Rodgers   Swansea City   Liverpool £5 €6.2 2012 [126]
  Ronald Koeman   Southampton   Everton £5 €6 2015 [127]
  Maurizio Sarri   Chelsea   Juventus £5 €5.55 2019 [128]
14   Steven Gerrard   Rangers   Aston Villa £4.5 €5.2 2021 [129]
15   Marco Rose   Borussia Mönchengladbach   Borussia Dortmund £4.36 €5 2021 [130]
16   Peter Bosz   Ajax   Borussia Dortmund £4.3 €5 2017 [131]
  Julian Nagelsmann   1899 Hoffenheim   RB Leipzig £4.4 €5 2019 [132]
18   Marco Silva   Watford   Everton £4 €4.6 2018 [133]
  Frank Lampard   Derby County   Chelsea £4 €4.68 2019 [129]
20   Alan Pardew   Newcastle United   Crystal Palace £3.5 €4.4 2015 [134]
21   Manuel Pellegrini   Villarreal   Real Madrid £3.4 €4 2009 [135]
22   Carlo Ancelotti   Paris Saint-Germain   Real Madrid £3.3 €3.8 2013 [136]
23   Christophe Galtier   Lille   Nice £3 €3.5 2021 [137]
24   Steve Bruce   Birmingham City   Wigan Athletic £3 €3.4 2007 [138]
  Steve Bruce   Wigan Athletic   Sunderland £3 €3.4 2009 [139]
26   Lucien Favre   Nice   Borussia Dortmund £2.6 €3 2018 [140]
27   Leonardo Jardim   Sporting CP   Monaco £2.3 €3 2014 [141]
28   Harry Redknapp   Portsmouth   Tottenham Hotspur £2 €2.5 2008 [142]
  Roberto Martínez   Swansea City   Wigan Athletic £2 €2.5 2009 [143]
  Tony Mowbray   West Bromwich Albion   Celtic £2 €2.5 2009 [144]
  Roy Hodgson   Fulham   Liverpool £2 €2.5 2010 [145]
  Alex McLeish   Birmingham City   Aston Villa £2 €2.2 2011 [146]
  Roberto Martínez   Wigan Athletic   Everton £2 €2.2 2013 [147]
  Gary Rowett   Derby County   Stoke City £2 €2.2 2018 [148]
  Graham Potter   Swansea City   Brighton & Hove Albion £2 €2.2 2019 [149]
36   Niko Kovač   Eintracht Frankfurt   Bayern Munich £1.9 €2.2 2018 [150]
37   José Mourinho   Porto   Chelsea £1.7 €2.5 2004 [151]
  Paulo Fonseca   Shakhtar Donetsk   Roma £1.7 €2 2019 [152]
39   Steve Cooper   Swansea City   Nottingham Forest £1.2 €1.39 2021 [153]

Women

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This list only includes transfers where a fee amount is reported publicly. Fees are in thousands.

As of 23 April 2024
  Fee broke the women's world football transfer record at the time of the transfer
Rank Player From To Position Transfer fee Year Ref.
£ thousand thousand $ thousand
1   Racheal Kundananji   Madrid CFF   Bay FC Forward £685[ac] €805[ac] $862[ac] 2024 [154][155]
2   Barbra Banda   Shanghai Shengli   Orlando Pride Forward £582 €681 $740 2024 [156]
3   Mayra Ramírez   Levante   Chelsea Forward £426[ad] €500[ad] $544 2024 [157]
4   Keira Walsh   Manchester City   Barcelona Midfielder £400[ae] €470[ae] $470[ae] 2022 [168][169]
5   Tarciane   Corinthians   Houston Dash Defender £390 €453 $485 2024 [170]
6   Lena Oberdorf   VfL Wolfsburg   Bayern Munich Midfielder £384[af] €450 $484 2024 [171]
7   Jill Roord   VfL Wolfsburg   Manchester City Midfielder £300+[ag] €350+ $382+ 2023 [172][173]
8   Kyra Cooney-Cross   Hammarby   Arsenal Midfielder £301[ah] €350[ah] $373 2023 [174]
9   Lindsey Horan   Portland Thorns FC   Lyon Midfielder £258[ai] €300[ai] $329 2023 [175][176]
  Geyse   Barcelona   Manchester United Forward £256[aj] €300[aj] $326 2023 [177]
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See also

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Notes

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  1. ^ a b c d e f g The purchasing club carried out this transfer paying the player's buyout clause against the will of the origin club.
  2. ^ On loan since 2017, permanent move in July 2018
  3. ^ Initial £105 million plus reported £37 million bonuses
  4. ^ Initial £100 million plus reported £5 million bonuses
  5. ^ Initial £100 million plus reported £15 million bonuses
  6. ^ Initial €105 million plus reported €40 million bonuses
  7. ^ Fee was to be paid over time with an initial €105 million, plus another €5 million in additional bonuses; Pogba's agent Mino Raiola also received a reported €27 million from Juventus, from a portion of aforementioned transfer fee from Manchester United.
  8. ^ Initial €103 million plus reported €30.9 million bonuses
  9. ^ Initial £89 million plus reported £60 million bonuses
  10. ^ Initial €100 million plus reported €10 million bonuses
  11. ^ Initial €95 million plus reported €5 million bonuses
  12. ^ Fee was to be paid over time with an initial £75 million, plus another £15 million in additional bonuses.
  13. ^ The deal includes £5 million in add-ons.
  14. ^ Initial €80 million plus reported €20 million bonuses
  15. ^ Initial £64 million plus reported £21 million bonuses
  16. ^ Fee originally in 150 billion lire; the fixed exchange rate between euro and lire was 1:1936.27
  17. ^ Initial €75 million, payable in 5 financial years, plus additional €10.5 million broker fee
  18. ^ Initial €75 million plus reported €11 million bonuses
  19. ^ Initial €75 million plus reported €15–20 million bonuses
  20. ^ Initial €75 million plus reported €10 million bonuses
  21. ^ Initial €72 million plus reported €10 million bonuses. Swap deal, Barcelona received Miralem Pjanić (valued at €60 million) and €12 million.
  22. ^ Initial €70 million plus reported €5 million bonuses
  23. ^ Initial €70 million plus reported €5 million bonuses
  24. ^ Initial fee of £62 million with additional fees of £27 million.
  25. ^ Initial €70 million plus reported €11 million bonuses
  26. ^ Initial €70 million plus reported €10 million bonuses
  27. ^ Initial fee of €70 million with reported performance related bonuses of €10 million.
  28. ^ On loan in 2017, permanent move in July 2018
  29. ^ a b c €700,000 release clause, €35,000 (5%) training fee applicable, and $75,000 (€70,000) additional variables.
  30. ^ a b €450,000 fixed and €50,000 variables that Levante expected to be met: one clause was that Ramírez must appear in 30% of games over her four-and-a-half year contract.[157] The potential total was reported in The Athletic to be equivalent to £460,000,[158] while it was described in Press Association reports as £384,000 and £42,000 in add-ons (£426,000).[159] The fee was considered to be meeting Ramírez' release clause; Spanish media reported prior to the signing that it was expected to be slightly below or equal to the previous record,[160] with English media focusing on how it exceeded the previous record purchase by Chelsea (a former world record)[161][162] and would be a British record.[163] Levante announced details of the fee at the same time as the transfer.[157]
  31. ^ a b c Including bonuses up to €70,000 / £61,000. Initial fee of €400,000 / £348,000 would be a record in itself.[164] Forbes reported a fee of €500,000,[165] also describing Walsh as women's football's "first $500,000 player".[166] The approximately £400,000 figure is most consistently reported and accepted.[167][164]
  32. ^ Fee was player's release clause; it was triggered in February 2024 for Oberdorf to transfer at the end of the season (June 2024).
  33. ^ Reported to be a club signing fee for Manchester City, and by Sky Sports to be a British record fee, it was announced as "in excess of £300,000".
  34. ^ a b €250,000 fee and €100,000 variables.
  35. ^ a b €250,000 with up to €50,000 in bonuses
  36. ^ a b Around €300,000 in fee and variables.

References

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  1. ^ Barclay, Patrick (2014). The Life and Times of Herbert Chapman. Hachette. p. 60. ISBN 978-0-297-86851-4. Archived from the original on 18 October 2020. Retrieved 24 June 2020.
  2. ^ a b c Glendenning, Barry; Murray, Scott; Bagchi, Rob; Steinberg, Jacob (30 August 2013). "The Joy of Six: record transfers". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 2 August 2017. Retrieved 2 August 2017.
  3. ^ a b c d e "Neymar: Paris St-Germain sign Barcelona forward for world record 222m euros". BBC Sport. Retrieved 4 August 2017.
  4. ^ a b c d e Lowe, Sid; Laurens, Julien; Hunter, Andy (2 August 2017). "Neymar set to seal world-record move to PSG worth £450m in fees and wages". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 3 August 2017. Retrieved 4 August 2017.
  5. ^ a b "PSG trigger Mbappe's permanent transfer". ESPN. 19 February 2018. Retrieved 22 June 2021.
  6. ^ "Philippe Coutinho: Liverpool agree £142m deal with Barcelona for Brazil midfielder". BBC Sport. 6 January 2018. Retrieved 6 January 2018.
  7. ^ "Atlético Madrid sign Benfica teenager João Felix for fee of €126m". The Guardian. 3 July 2019. Archived from the original on 11 September 2019. Retrieved 4 July 2019.
  8. ^ "Enzo Fernandez: Chelsea sign midfielder in £106.8m British-record transfer deal from Benfica". Sky Sports. 1 February 2023. Retrieved 1 February 2023.
  9. ^ "Antoine Griezmann: Barcelona sign Atletico Madrid forward". BBC Sport. 12 July 2019. Retrieved 20 September 2020.
  10. ^ "Jack Grealish: Man City sign England midfielder from Aston Villa for £100m". BBC Sport. 5 August 2021. Retrieved 5 August 2021.
  11. ^ "Declan Rice: Arsenal sign England midfielder from West Ham for £105m". BBC Sport. 15 July 2023. Retrieved 15 July 2023.
  12. ^ "Moises Caicedo transfer news: Chelsea sign Brighton midfielder for £100m". BBC Sport. 14 August 2023. Retrieved 14 August 2023.
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