The term "Roses rivalry" can refer to sporting rivalries between teams from the English counties of Lancashire and Yorkshire. The name of the rivalry is derived from the historic Wars of the Roses which was fought between the House of Lancaster and the House of York. The term has been used to describe:
- Leeds United and Manchester United rivalry, and also games between other traditional East Lancashire and West Yorkshire clubs - Bradford City vs Burnley, Halifax Town vs Rochdale and Huddersfield Town vs Oldham Athletic being well known examples.
- Roses Match, the rivalry between Lancashire CCC and Yorkshire CCC in cricket
- Rugby League War of the Roses, was an annual rugby league series played between professional players of Yorkshire and Lancashire
- Roses Tournament, an annual sports competition between the students of the University of York and Lancaster University.
- Liverpool-Manchester rivalry - the rivalry between the two cities located in the historic county of Lancashire.