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The Leeds Rhinos are a professional rugby league club in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England. Founded in 1870, they compete in the Super League, the top-level rugby league club competition for an English club, and have won the competition a record eight times since its inception in 1996. They play their home matches at Headingley Rugby Stadium, and were the 2017 Super League champions.
|Full name||Leeds Rhinos Rugby League Football Club|
|Short name||Leeds Rhinos|
|Colours||Blue and Amber|
|Championships||11 (1961, 1969, 1972, 2004, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2012, 2015, 2017)|
|Challenge Cups||13 (1910, 1923, 1932, 1936, 1941, 1942, 1957, 1968, 1977, 1978, 1999, 2014, 2015)|
|World Club Challenges||3 (2005, 2008, 2012)|
|Most capped||625 - John Holmes|
|Highest points scorer||3,967 - Kevin Sinfield|
In 1895, Leeds was one of twenty-two rugby clubs which broke away from the Rugby Football Union and formed what is now the Rugby Football League. The club is owned by the same company that owns Yorkshire Carnegie rugby union team, who also play their home matches at Headingley.
- 1 History
- 2 Colours and badge
- 3 Stadium
- 4 Kit sponsors and manufacturers
- 5 Mascot
- 6 Rivalries
- 7 Players
- 8 Staff
- 9 Honours
- 10 Records
- 11 Notable supporters
- 12 See also
- 13 References
- 14 Sources
- 15 External links
1870–1920: Foundation and early yearsEdit
In 1864, H. I. Johnson placed an advert in the Leeds Mercury inviting players to meet up at Woodhouse Moor a few days a week from 7 a.m. to 8 a.m. That advert attracted more than 500 members. From this interest several clubs were formed, including Leeds St John's.
Leeds St John's was formed in 1870 and was originally known as the "Old Blue and Ambers". The club played at the Militia Barracks from 1870 to 1888 before moving to Cardigan Fields, near Headingley, Leeds. Membership was originally confined to the church classes but was soon expanded. By 1887 St John's had reached its first cup final, the Yorkshire Cup losing to Wakefield Trinity.
The city of Leeds had an abundance of rugby football clubs and although members of the Yorkshire RFU (which was in turn a constituent body of the RFU), it was decided to form a ‘more local’ association. It was for this reason that the Leeds & District organisation was formalised when a meeting took place at the Green Dragon Hotel, Leeds on 27 September 1888. The foundation clubs were Bramley, Holbeck, Hunslet, Kirkstall, Leeds Parish Church, Leeds St John's and Wortley.
In 1888 the Cardigan Estate was sold at auction and Lot 17a was purchased by a group of Leeds citizens, who intended to form the city's leading sports club. Lot 17a became what is now Headingley Stadium.
Leeds St John's played its final season under that name in 1889–90, before becoming the football section of Leeds Cricket, Football and Athletic Co Ltd the following season. With Headingley still being completed, Leeds' first game was staged at Cardigan Fields, the home side defeating Otley. The first game at Headingley was played on 20 September 1890, when Manningham were beaten by one try and one dropped goal to nil.
A special general meeting was held in 1895 which voted decisively to support the breakaway Northern Union as a founder member, resulting in two resignations from the club. Leeds' début in the Northern Union was a 6–3 success at Leigh on 7 September 1895, the inaugural day of the new competition.
In 1901, the Leeds Parish Church team disbanded and put all of its players at Leeds' disposal. That same year saw the formation of the Northern Rugby League, with a number of leading clubs leaving the Yorkshire League and the Lancashire League and joining the new competition. Leeds was not admitted until the following year when it was placed in the newly formed second division and quickly gained promotion as runners-up to Keighley.
Leeds City FC joined soccer's Second Division in 1905–06, and finished sixth out of 20 clubs in the club's first season. Rugby's monopoly with the locals seemed to have been broken, with Leeds Rugby League's average gate numbers falling by nearly 50% in that first league season.
In 1910, Leeds came of age with the team finishing in sixth place in the league, but that was just a warm-up for the Challenge Cup campaign. Leeds beat Hull Kingston Rovers, Rochdale Hornets, Keighley and then scraped through 11–10 against Warrington in the semi-final before meeting Hull F.C. in the final. Rain on the morning of the game meant conditions were against flowing rugby. The scores were level at 7–7 with fifteen minutes left. However, neither team could break the deadlock, and the final went to a replay two days later, again at Fartown, Huddersfield. Leeds made no mistake this time and ran out convincing 26–12 winners having led 16–0 at half-time.
The club lost many players to the First World War; of a total of fifty-one players who served in the military, fifteen were killed. The usual league programme was interrupted during 1914–18. During this period, Leeds played a number of "guest players" in the Emergency League competition. The Headingley club reached the Championship final for the first time in 1915, but lost 35–2 to Huddersfield, then a record score. The Emergency League was then suspended. Leeds reverted to rugby union during the First World War to play a one-off challenge game against the Royal Navy Depot from Plymouth in 1917. This was a precursor to the following Christmas when two Challenge games were organised between the two sides but this time with one of each code. The Navy won the union game 9–3 on Christmas Eve but proved equally adept at league recording a 24–3 win on 28 December.
1921–1942: Inter-war periodEdit
On Saturday 27 October 1934, Leeds and Wakefield Trinity met in the final of the Yorkshire Cup at Crown Flatt, Dewsbury. The match was played in front of a crowd of 22,598 and ended in a 5–5 draw. Four days later the two clubs drew again, with Leeds eventually lifting the trophy after a second replay, the only occasion it took three attempts to settle a Yorkshire Cup Final. A total of 52,402 spectators watched the three games.
In 1937, Leeds paid the stand-off Vic Hey a then-record £1,400 signing-on fee to lure him from Australia. Vic was regarded as a major loss to the Australian game and this contributed to the RFL imposing a ban on international transfers, which lasted until 1940.
In 1938, Leeds played Swinton in the Rugby Football League Championship semi-final. Leeds won the match 5 points to 2 to set up a history-making all-Leeds clash with neighbours Hunslet in the final. The match was played at the Elland Road football ground, to accommodate a huge demand from the city's rugby league supporters. Over 54,000 people watched the game, a then record for a match in England. Hunslet triumphed 8–2 to take the title.
Leeds won the Challenge Cup in 1941 and 1942.
Following the Second World War, Leeds club struggled to make a serious impact in rugby league despite having a financial advantage over the majority of other teams. Arthur Clues was the first Australian to come and play in Britain after the war and the great Australian second rower was signed by Leeds. His rivalry with the Great Britain and Wales prop Frank Whitcombe who played for Bradford Northern was legendary. Their confrontations on the field during the Leeds v Bradford Northern local derby games are part of rugby league folklore.
It was not until the late 1950s, when in 1957 the club secured its first post-war Challenge Cup victory, that the young side being built began to show signs of what was to come. Joe Warham came to Leeds as coach in 1958 and a Yorkshire Cup triumph followed, but the side still lacked enough quality to compete at the top of the Lancashire section of the competition in which it was then playing.
However, "the Loiners" (their historical nickname) were to establish themselves as a dominant force by the end of the coming decade. In 1960 Dai Prosser was appointed to assist Joe Warham with the coaching duties and the club signed a new back three of Jack Fairbank, Brian Shaw and Dennis Goodwin to strengthen the forward pack. The recruitment paid off: the club was crowned Champions for the first time in 1961 with Lewis Jones leading them to a 25–10 victory over Warrington in the Championship Final at Odsal Stadium, Bradford.
1960–1980: First Championship titlesEdit
In the late 1960s, under the guidance of Roy Francis, Leeds repeatedly finished top of the league. The club contested perhaps the most memorable of all Wembley occasions, the "watersplash final" of 1968, which was played despite a downpour that saturated the pitch. It produced the most dramatic of finishes, when Lance Todd trophy winner Don Fox had the easiest of conversions to win it for Wakefield Trinity, but missed it to leave Leeds 11–10 winners.
Francis then quit the club to take up a coaching position in Australia, and Joe Warham again took charge as coach, on an interim basis, midway through the 1969 campaign. The Championship trophy duly returned to Headingley for the second time after a tough final against Castleford at Odsal Stadium.
In 1970 Leeds returned to the Championship final, and Odsal, but lost to St. Helens despite having taken an early lead. Tables were turned in December when the same teams met in the final of the BBC2 Floodlit Trophy, Leeds emerging victorious this time.
Coached by Derek "Rocky" Turner, Leeds returned to Wembley in 1971 and 1972 but lost out both times – in 1971 losing 24–7 to rank outsiders Leigh and suffering the indignity of captain Syd Hynes being the first man to 'take an early bath' at Wembley. A third championship, in 1972, provided consolation.
Leeds continued to collect silverware: the Regal Trophy in 1973 and the Premiership (the then-current form of the championship playoff) in 1975. The team held the Yorkshire Cup seven times between 1969 and 1980.
1976–77 was a season of mixed emotions. The Salford versus Leeds league match was abandoned after 38 minutes when Chris Sanderson of Leeds suffered a fatal injury. Leeds led 5–2, but the game was declared null and void and not replayed. The club recovered to win the Challenge Cup at the end of the season. This success was repeated in 1978, in a classic final against St Helens at Wembley Stadium with Leeds completing what was then a record comeback, from 10–0 down. Former captain Syd Hynes was coach on both occasions.
This was followed up with another Premiership win, in 1979. However, these victories were the 'last hurrah' of the great 1960s, and 1970s sides and a barren spell followed in the 1980s.
1980–1996: Nearly MenEdit
Leeds' only triumphs were the 1984 John Player Trophy (beating Widnes) under coach Maurice Bamford and the Yorkshire County Cup in 1980 (beating Hull Kingston Rovers) and 1988(beating Castleford). Leeds were beaten finalists in the John Player Trophy four times in the 1980s, and 1990s.
Between December 1986 and April 1988, Maurice Bamford was coach of Leeds.
Leeds eventually returned to Wembley for a Challenge Cup Final appearance in 1994 against Wigan. Leeds returned to Wembley a year later, again to face Wigan again, but were beaten more easily.
1996–2003: Start of the Super League eraEdit
In 1996 Gary Hetherington sold his controlling interest in Sheffield Eagles and joined Paul Caddick to take over the ailing Leeds C F & A Co Ltd, owners and operators of Headingley Stadium and Leeds Rugby League Club. 1996 marked the beginning of summer rugby as the first tier of British rugby league clubs played the inaugural Super League season and changed from a winter to a summer season.
In 1997, the club renamed itself Leeds Rhinos. Dean Bell took over as head coach following his retirement as a player at Auckland Warriors. Iestyn Harris joined Leeds that year for a record-breaking £350,000 transfer and was appointed captain in his first full season at the age of only 21. Leeds experienced great financial difficulty and even flirted with relegation as they won only six matches all year and finished third from bottom in Super League, above only Oldham and Paris.
Bell became head of the Academy team. In 1998 Graham Murray replaced Bell as joined the Leeds Rhinos as head coach and them team reached the inaugural Grand Final, at Old Trafford, however they were beaten by Wigan. In 1999 Leeds finally landed their first silverware in a decade, and their first Challenge Cup for over 20 years, with a convincing 52–16 win over London at Wembley.
In 2000, Leeds reached the Challenge Cup Final but finished runners up to Yorkshire rivals Bradford at Murrayfield, Edinburgh. Daryl Powell became coach of Leeds after he retired from playing in 2001. In 2003, despite being top of the table at the time, Leeds announced Tony Smith would replace Darryl Powell as Head Coach for the 2004 season. Leeds returned to the Challenge Cup final in 2003, again to face Bradford, this time at the Millennium Stadium, Cardiff where they were beaten 22–20 .
2004–2015: Golden EraEdit
The Rhinos ended their 32-year wait for a league championship by winning the 2004 Super League Grand Final This marked the start of over a decade of on-field success. As champions of the previous year, Leeds played in the 2005 World Club Challenge beating the 2004 Australian premiers Canterbury Bulldogs. Leeds next trophy was the 2007 Grand Final which marked the final game as Coach of the Club for Tony Smith. He was replaced by former New Zealand international team coach Brian McClennan. Further success followed in 2008 when Leeds again beat Australian opposition in the 2008 World Club Challenge, Melbourne Storm the defeated opponents on this occasion. Leeds then retained the Super League championship by winning the Grand final. This marked the first time the club had won consecutive titles. A third consecutive league title followed in 2009, when Leeds won the 2009 Super League Grand Final, and thus became the first club ever to win the trophy three times in a row.
After failing to win a trophy in 2010, Leeds started the 2011 season in mixed form, and by July appeared to be in danger of missing out on the play-offs completely. They ultimately did finish in a play-off spot and went on to win the 2011 Super League Grand Final. They reached the Challenge Cup Final in 2012, as they had the previous year, but again finished runners up. The Rhinos did however, successfully defend their Super League title by winning the 2012 Super League Grand Final. Success in the Grand Final earned them another World Club Challenge match against Melbourne Storm, in which they were defeated. Leeds would ultimately fail to win any silverware in 2013, however they did end their long run without a Challenge Cup final win by beating Castleford Tigers at Wembley in the 2014 final.
In March 2014, it was announced that Leeds would share a partnership with the Atlanta Rhinos, who play in the USA Rugby League. Leeds stated they would help bring a professional approach to the Atlanta club by sharing information and playing talent.
Leeds had a highly successful season in 2015, winning the Challenge Cup, League Leaders Shield and the Grand Final, completing the modern day rugby league treble and becoming only the third team in the Super League era to achieve this after Bradford in 2003 and St. Helens in 2006.
Leeds' victory in the 2015 Grand Final was the final competitive game of Rugby League for three long serving players of the game, as Jamie Peacock & Kylie Leuluai retired at the end of the season and Kevin Sinfield joined Leeds' sister club in Rugby Union, Yorkshire Carnegie.
Leeds struggled in the season following their best ever season in 2015. they spent most of the regular season in the bottom two league positions before finding form and just missing out on 8th place to Widnes therefore being confined to fight to keep their Super League status in The Qualifiers for the first time. The club comfortably finished first in the Qualifiers only losing to Huddersfield.
Leeds' second season was a return to form, finishing second to Castleford and only a point off of their 2015 treble winning season talley. They went on to play Castleford in the Grand Final winning 24-6, the club's 11th title and 8th if the Super League era.
After the successful 2017 season, the 2016 season was written off as an anomaly, however 2018 was to be another bad year for the club. They finished 9th in the regular season and finished second in the Qualifiers narrowly avoiding the Million Pound Game on points difference.
Colours and badgeEdit
Leeds play in traditional Leeds colours blue and amber (home). Their home kits are famously blue with an amber band around the chest and on the arms. Between 2011 and 2013 Leeds wore pink away kits with proceeds of shirt sales going to breast cancer charities.
Between the club's foundation in 1865 and the formation of Super League in 1996 Leeds used the city's crest on their kits as they were just known as Leeds RLFC or Leeds Loiners. In 1996, the formation of Super League saw Leeds change their name to Leeds Rhinos. The new badge is mainly blue and has a rhino with the word rhino above it in a semi circle and Leeds at the top of the badge.
Leeds have only ever played at Headingley since their formation in 1865. They ground share with rugby union side Yorkshire Carnegie who were formed in 1991. Both clubs and the ground itself are owned by Leeds. The rugby ground is also on the same site as the cricket ground operated by Yorkshire County Cricket Club. The North Stand of the rugby ground backs onto the cricket ground. The Carnegie Stand was built in 2006 to incorporate executive boxes into Headingley and also expanded the capacity to 21,000 adding extra seating on the top tier and terracing on the bottom.
Both Yorkshire CCC and Leeds are looking at redeveloping the North Stand as part of the redevelopment of the cricket ground to rebuild it and to add the seating on both sides to expand the capacity of both grounds and possibly add more executive boxes to the stadium. The club has also looked into the possibility of redeveloping the South Stand and the Western Terrace, however any redevelopment or expansion of the Western Terrace would require the demolition of housing and rerouting of a public right of way.
Kit sponsors and manufacturersEdit
Leeds have had four shirt sponsors since 1981, the current sponsors, Leeds Building Society are currently the longest sponsorship deal the club have had and is the longest in the Super League. Since 2008 the club's kits have been made by Australian company ISC who took over from Patrick.
|Years||Kit Manufacturer||Main Shirt Sponsor|
|2007||Leeds Building Society|
Ronnie the Rhino is the Leeds mascot. He attempts to get the crowd going pre-match, and at half-time he normally gets children involved by playing some sort of game.
Ronnie the Rhino visits schools as part of the Leeds RLFC Community project, with the intention of promoting sports and healthy living.
Leeds' main local rivals are Bradford Bulls who they played in two Grand Finals and beat in 2004 to win their first Super League title. However the Bulls have slipped down to the lower leagues and competitive games are rare. Leeds also have a cross-city rivalry with Hunslet, who they play annually in the Harry Jepson OBE Memorial Cup, however this is seen as a one way rivalry as they play in different leagues so competitive fixtures are rare.
Leeds have West Yorkshire derbies with Wakefield Trinity who they play every Boxing Day in the Festive Challenge. They have bigger derbys with Huddersfield Giants and Castleford Tigers who also challenge for the play-offs.
Since the formation of Super League there has been a big rivalry with St. Helens who lost five consecutive Grand Finals between 2007 and 2011, four of which were against Leeds. The two sides have been the most successful during Super League. There is also other cross-Pennine rivalries against Wigan Warriors who they have played in big games and beat them in a final for the first time in 2015 and a rivalry against Warrington Wolves who they have played in Challenge Cup and Grand Finals.
Where a player has played internationally for more than one country, the nations are indigated with the most recently represented first. A slash (/) indicates an uncapped player of dual nationality.
|Leeds Rhinos 2019 Squad|
|First team squad||Coaching staff|
Updated: 28 November 2018
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|Tuimoala Lolohea||West Tigers||3 years||July 2018|
|David Furner (Head Coach)||South Sydney Rabbitohs||3 Years||September 2018|
|Konrad Hurrell||Gold Coast Titans||3 Years||October 2018|
|Dom Crosby||Warrington Wolves||3 Years||October 2018|
|Trent Merrin||Penrith Panthers||4 Years||November 2018|
|James Donaldson||Hull Kingston Rovers||1 year||January 2019|
|Ava Seumanufagai||Cronulla Sharks||2 1/2 Years||April 2019|
|Shaun Lunt||Hull Kingston Rovers||until end of season||June 2019|
|Robert Lui||Salford Red Devils||on loan until end of season||June 2019|
|Rhyse Martin||Canterbury-Bankstown Bulldogs||2 1/2 years||June 2019|
|Joel Moon||End of Contract|
|Ryan Hall||Sydney Roosters||2 years||July 2018|
|Dakota Whylie||Featherstone Rovers||1 year||September 2018|
|Kiedan Hartley||Featherstone Rovers||1 year||September 2018|
|Spencer Darley||Featherstone Rovers||1 year||September 2018|
|Jimmy Keinhorst||Hull Kingston Rovers||3 years||October 2018|
|Jordan Thompson||Hull F.C.||2 Years||October 2018|
|Brett Delaney||Featherstone Rovers||2 years||October 2018|
|Josh Walters||Featherstone Rovers||1 year||January 2019|
|Harvey Whiteley||Dewsbury Rams||1 year||January 2019|
|Mitch Garbutt||Hull Kingston Rovers||3 years||November 2018|
|Reece Chapman-Smith||Halifax||1 year||November 2018|
|Jack Ormondroyd||Featherstone Rovers||1 year||January 2019|
|Anthony Mullally||Toronto Wolfpack||2 years||February 2019|
|Kallum Watkins||Gold Coast Titans||2 1/2 years||June 2019|
|Tui Lolohea||Salford Red Devils||2 years||June 2019|
|Matt Parcell||Hull Kingston Rovers||on loan till end of season||June 2019|
Harry Sunderland Trophy winnersEdit
Lance Todd Trophy winnersEdit
The Lance Todd Trophy is awarded to the Man-of-the-Match in the Challenge Cup Final. Introduced in 1946, the trophy was named in memory of Lance Todd, the New Zealand-born player and administrator, who was killed in a road accident during the Second World War.
|2003||Gary Connolly †||Fullback|
|2005||Kevin Sinfield †||Loose forward|
† = Won Lance Todd Trophy whilst on losing side
Steve Prescott Man of Steel winnersEdit
Golden Boot winnersEdit
The Golden Boot Award is a rugby league award handed out annually for achievements in rugby league by Rugby League World magazine. The Golden Boot is given, usually in December after the conclusion of all the year's matches, to the player adjudged to be the best in the world, as determined by a ballot of international media representatives.
It was decided by the judges that Garry Schofield should be the winner in 1990, but unfortunately the sponsors of the Golden Boot backed out and the award was shelved. After a nine-year hiatus, League Publications Ltd, having bought Rugby League World, brought back the award in 1999. In 2011 they decided to give Schofield his Golden Boot and he is now included in the roll call of winners of the prestigious award.
The oldest winner of the award is Kevin Sinfield, who won in 2012 at the age of 32.
Players with honoursEdit
Hall of FameEdit
- made at least 150 appearances for the club,
- made an exceptional contribution to rugby in Leeds,
- achieved representative honours, and
- been retired for at least five years.
First Team coaching staffEdit
|Director of Rugby||Kevin Sinfield|
|First Team Coach||TBC|
|Head of Athletic Performance||Jason Davidson|
|Head of Analysis||James Bletsoe|
|Head Physio||Andy Barker|
|Club Masseur||Steve Clegg|
|Kit Man||Glynn Bell|
|Leeds CF&A Co Ltd Owner||Paul Caddick|
|Chief Executive||Gary Hetherington|
|Commercial Director||Rob Oates|
|Finance Director||Peter Hirst|
|Legal Director||Chris Ross|
|Non-Executive Director||Jeffery Walton|
- Winners (11): 1960-61, 1968-69, 1971-72, 2004, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2012, 2015, 2017
- Runners up (11): 1914-15, 1928-29, 1929-30, 1930-31, 1937-38, 1969-70, 1972-73, 1994-95, 1995-96, 1998, 2005
- Runners up (1): 1902-03
- Winners (2): 1974-75, 1978-79
- Runners up (1): 1994-95
- Winners (14): 1901–02, 1927–28, 1930–31, 1933–34, 1934–35, 1936–37, 1950–51, 1954–55, 1956–57, 1960–61, 1965–66, 1967–68, 1968–69, 1969–70
- Winners (13): 1909–10, 1922–23, 1931–32, 1935–36, 1940–41, 1941–42, 1956–57, 1967–68, 1976–77, 1977–78, 1999, 2014, 2015
- Runners up (12): 1942-43, 1946-47, 1970-71, 1971-72, 1993-94, 1994-95, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2010, 2011, 2012
- Winners (2): 1972-73, 1983-84
- Runners up (3): 1982-83, 1987-88, 1991-92
- Winners (1): 1970-71
- Winners (17): 1921–22, 1928–29, 1930–31, 1932–33, 1934–35, 1935–36, 1937–38, 1958–59, 1968–69, 1970–71, 1972–73, 1973–74, 1975–76, 1976–77, 1979–80, 1980–81, 1988–89
- Runners up (4): 1919-20, 1947-48, 1961-62, 1964-65,
- Winners (4): 2005, 2008, 2010, 2012
- Runners up (4): 2009, 2013, 2016, 2018
- Biggest win:
- Biggest loss:
- Highest all-time attendance:
- Highest Super League attendance:
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