FA Community Shield

The Football Association Community Shield (formerly the Charity Shield) is English football's annual match contested at Wembley Stadium between the champions of the previous Premier League season and the holders of the FA Cup. If the Premier League champions also won the FA Cup, then the league runners-up provide the opposition. The fixture is recognised as a competitive Super Cup by The Football Association[1][2][3] and UEFA.[4][5][6]

FA Community Shield
FA Community Shield logo.png
Organising bodyThe Football Association
Founded1908; 112 years ago (1908)
RegionEngland
Number of teams2
Current championsArsenal (16th title)
Most successful club(s)Manchester United (21 titles)
Television broadcastersBT Sport
BBC (highlights only)
List of International broadcasters
WebsiteFA Community Shield
2020 FA Community Shield

Organised by the FA, proceeds from the game are distributed to community initiatives and charities around the country. Revenue from the gate receipts and match programme sales is distributed to the 124 clubs who competed in the FA Cup from the first round onwards, for onward distribution to charities and projects of their choice, while the remainder is distributed to the FA's national charity partners.[7] The fixture was first played in the 1908–09 season, replacing the Sheriff of London Charity Shield.

The current holders are Arsenal, who defeated Liverpool 5–4 on penalties after a 1–1 draw in the 2020 match.

HistoryEdit

The Community Shield evolved from the Sheriff of London Charity Shield that had been introduced in 1898[8] as a professionals vs amateurs cup (the gentlemen and players tradition).[9] The Football Association Charity Shield, as it was known at the time, was designed to replace the Sheriff of London Charity Shield after the leading amateur clubs fell out with the FA.[10] The new format was to have the Football League First Division champions play the Southern League champions, and the first match was in 1908 between Manchester United (the First Division champions) and Queens Park Rangers (the Southern League champions). The match was drawn 1–1, so the game was replayed when Manchester United won 4–0. This is the only Charity Shield game to go to a replay. Both games were played at Stamford Bridge.[8]

The competition format varied over the years: in 1913 the Shield was contested between Amateurs and Professionals XIs, while in 1921 the Shield was contested between the Football League and FA Cup winners for the first time. The format continued to vary in the 1920s, usually along the lines of Amateurs vs Professionals, including one year (1927) where the Professionals were represented by the FA Cup holders Cardiff City and the Amateurs by the Corinthians, echoing the format of the trophy's predecessor, the Sheriff of London Charity Shield.

In 1930 the Football League winner v. FA Cup winner returned, and with a few exceptions, this format has remained to the present day. Notable exceptions include the 1950 Shield, which involved the England World Cup team against an FA team that had toured Canada that summer,[8] and the 1961 Shield, when Tottenham Hotspur became the first team of the 20th century to win the Double, and so played a Football Association XI.[11]

The game was moved to the start of the season from 1959 onwards.[11] The question of which two teams should contest the Shield should one team win both the FA Cup and League continued to linger. In 1971, Arsenal became the second team to win the Double since the Shield's foundation, but owing to their previously arranged pre-season friendly matches, they could not take part. Leicester City were invited as Division Two champions to play FA Cup runners-up Liverpool instead and went on to win the trophy, despite having won neither the League (until 2016, when they contested it again and were runners-up) nor the FA Cup (at all).[12]

In 1972, league champions Derby County and FA Cup winners Leeds United both declined to take part in the Charity Shield, so Manchester City, who had finished in fourth in the First Division, and Third Division champions Aston Villa were invited to take part; Manchester City won 1–0. After league champions Liverpool and FA Cup winners Sunderland declined to play, despite finishing the season 11th in the league City also contested the 1973 Charity Shield but lost 1–0 to Second Division champions Burnley.[13]

In 1974, the then FA secretary, Ted Croker, created the current format with the match being played at Wembley Stadium, and being contested by the reigning League and FA Cup holders.[8]

Between 1949 and 1991, the Shield was shared on 11 occasions, after the matches ended in a tie.[14] Four drawn games in the 1980s and early 1990s resulted in each team holding the trophy for six months, but in 1993 penalties were re-introduced to decide drawn games.[8]

With the formation of a new top league, the FA Premier League, the Shield became a showcase match between the Premier League and FA Cup winners from the 1993 competition onwards.

In 2002, the Charity Commission found that the Football Association had failed to meet its legal obligations under charity law, by failing to specify what money from ticket sales went to charity, and delaying payments to the charities nominated.[15] As a result, the competition was renamed the Community Shield.[16] Arsenal were the first winners of the renamed Community Shield with a 1–0 victory over Liverpool.[17]

In 2016, the FA's official silversmith Thomas Lyte restored and rebuilt the Football Association's original 1908 Charity Shield to mark 50 years since England beat West Germany in the 1966 FIFA World Cup.[18]

The trophy was sold at auction with the proceeds going to the Bobby Moore Fund for Cancer Research UK raising £40,000. The auction was held at The Royal Garden Hotel in Kensington, where the England team celebrated the 1966 victory. The Bobby Moore Fund became the FA's charity partner in July 2016.[19]

RulesEdit

The rules of the Community Shield are generally the same as those of the Premier League, with a team of 11 starting players and 7 substitutes. However, unlike in most other competitions where only three substitutions are permitted, teams in the Community Shield are permitted up to six substitutions. If the scores are level after 90 minutes, the teams play a penalty shootout.[20]

StatusEdit

The Charity Shield is designated as a non-competitive match. Yellow and red cards received in this game do not affect a player's disciplinary record, nor do appearances or goals scored count towards seasonal or career totals.[21][22] [23] An indication of the non-first team status of the game is that six substitutions are allowed in normal time as opposed to the official FIFA/FA laws which state that, during normal time, up to a maximum of three substitutes may be used in any match played in an official competition organised under the auspices of FIFA, the confederations or the member associations.[24]

RecordsEdit

  • The most successful teams in the competition are Manchester United (17 outright wins, 4 shared), Arsenal (15 outright wins, 1 shared), Liverpool (10 outright wins, 5 shared) and Everton (8 outright wins, 1 shared).
  • Chelsea (2010, 2012, 2015, 2017 and 2018) and Newcastle United (1932, 1951, 1952, 1955 and 1996) share the joint-longest run of appearances without winning or sharing the trophy.
  • The highest scoring game was Manchester United's 8–4 win against Swindon Town in 1911.[8]
  • Everton hold the record for most consecutive wins (4) from 1984 to 1987; however, the 1986 'win' was shared with Liverpool. Manchester United hold the record for most consecutive losses (4) from 1998 to 2001. During this period Manchester United also held the record for most consecutive games played (6) from 1996 to 2001 in which they won 2.
  • Tottenham Hotspur goalkeeper Pat Jennings scored against Manchester United from his own penalty area in the 1967 Charity Shield, which was shared at 3–3.[8]
  • Brighton & Hove Albion are the only club to win just the Shield, never the FA Cup or the League.

VenuesEdit

Multiple guest and neutral hosts
Ground Hosts Years
Stamford Bridge, London 10 1908, 1909, 1910, 1911, 1923, 1927, 1930, 1950,[8] 1955, 1970
Highbury, London 7 1924, 1934, 1935, 1938, 1948, 1949, 1953
White Hart Lane, London 6 1912, 1920, 1921, 1925, 1951, 1961
Old Trafford, Manchester 6 1922, 1928, 1952, 1957, 1965, 1967
Maine Road, Manchester 5 1926, 1937, 1956, 1968, 1973
Villa Park, Birmingham 3 1931, 1972, 2012
Goodison Park, Liverpool 3 1933, 1963, 1966
The Den, London 2 1913, 1929
Molineux, Wolverhampton 2 1954, 1959

For purposes of clarity, venues mentioned in italics in this section no longer exist.

Permanent venuesEdit

Since 1974, the Community Shield has been at a permanent home rather than guest venues.[25]

Neutral and guest host venuesEdit

The fixture was originally played at various neutral grounds or the home ground of one of the teams competing. In total there have been seventeen host grounds other than the aforementioned permanent three. The first ground to host the fixture was Stamford Bridge in 1908 and the last ground which guest hosted the fixture was Villa Park in 2012, which was due to Wembley and the Millennium Stadium hosting the 2012 Olympics football tournament. Stadiums considered included St James' Park, and the Stadium of Light but Villa Park was chosen for the 2012 contest.[26]

There have been eight grounds which have hosted the fixture on one single occasion, these being: St James' Park in 1932, Roker Park in 1936, Burnden Park in 1958, Turf Moor in 1960, Portman Road in 1962, Anfield in 1964, Elland Road in 1969 and Filbert Street in 1971. Nine grounds have hosted the fixtures on multiple occasions.

WinnersEdit

By yearEdit

For a full list of the Shield results and scorers for each year, see List of FA Community Shield matches.

By number of wins (clubs)Edit

[27]

 
The trophy
Team Wins
(outright wins/shared titles)
Years (* title was shared)
Manchester United 21 (17/4) 1908, 1911, 1952, 1956, 1957, 1965*, 1967*, 1977*, 1983, 1990*, 1993, 1994, 1996, 1997, 2003, 2007, 2008, 2010, 2011, 2013, 2016
Arsenal 16 (15/1) 1930, 1931, 1933, 1934, 1938, 1948, 1953, 1991*, 1998, 1999, 2002, 2004, 2014, 2015, 2017, 2020
Liverpool 15 (10/5) 1964*, 1965*, 1966, 1974, 1976, 1977*, 1979, 1980, 1982, 1986*, 1988, 1989, 1990*, 2001, 2006
Everton 9 (8/1) 1928, 1932, 1963, 1970, 1984, 1985, 1986*, 1987, 1995
Tottenham Hotspur 7 (4/3) 1921, 1951, 1961, 1962, 1967*, 1981*, 1991*
Manchester City 6 1937, 1968, 1972, 2012, 2018, 2019
Chelsea 4 1955, 2000, 2005, 2009
Wolverhampton Wanderers 4 (1/3) 1949*, 1954*, 1959, 1960*
Leeds United 2 1969, 1992
West Bromwich Albion 2 (1/1) 1920, 1954*
Burnley 2 (1/1) 1960*, 1973
Newcastle United 1 1909
Brighton & Hove Albion 1 1910
Blackburn Rovers 1 1912
Huddersfield Town 1 1922
Cardiff City 1 1927
Sheffield Wednesday 1 1935
Sunderland 1 1936
Bolton Wanderers 1 1958
Leicester City 1 1971
Derby County 1 1975
Nottingham Forest 1 1978
Portsmouth 1 (0/1) 1949*
West Ham United 1 (0/1) 1964*
Aston Villa 1 (0/1) 1981*

By number of wins (other)Edit

[27]

Team Wins Years
English Professionals XI 4 1913, 1923, 1924, 1929
English Amateurs XI 2 1925, 1926
England 1950 FIFA World Cup XI 1 1950

Winners and runners-up by competitionEdit

Competition Wins Shared Runners-up
First Division/Premier League[C] (*53, including 6 as double winners) 1908, 1909, 1911, 1912, 1920, 1928, 1931, 1932, 1933, 1934, 1936, 1937, 1938, 1948, 1951, 1952, 1953, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1959, 1961, 1963, 1966, 1968, 1969, 1970, 1975, 1976, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1982, 1985, 1987, 1988, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1996, 1997, 1998, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2007, 2008, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2018, 2019 (*11, including 1 as double winner) 1949, 1954, 1960, 1964, 1965, 1967, 1977, 1981, 1986, 1990, 1991 (*22, including 2 as double winners) 1910, 1921, 1922, 1930, 1935, 1958, 1962, 1974, 1983, 1984, 1989, 1995, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2006, 2009, 2010, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2020
FA Cup[C] (*26, including 6 as double winners) 1921, 1922, 1927, 1930, 1935, 1958, 1961, 1962, 1974, 1983, 1984, 1989, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1998, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2006, 2009, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2019, 2020 (*11, including 1 as double winner) 1949, 1954, 1960, 1964, 1965, 1967, 1977, 1981, 1986, 1990, 1991 (*44, including 2 as double winners) 1928, 1931, 1932, 1933, 1934, 1936, 1937, 1938, 1948, 1951, 1952, 1953, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1959, 1963, 1966, 1968, 1969, 1970, 1975, 1976, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1982, 1985, 1987, 1988, 1992, 1993, 1997, 1999, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2007, 2008, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2018
First Division/Premier League runners-up (or other positions in brackets) (*3) 1972(4th)[A], 1999, 2010 (*1) 1986 (*5) 1994, 1996, 1998, 2002, 2019
FA Cup runners-up (*1) 1971[A]
Defending champions of the Charity Shield (*1) 1973[A]
Champions of lower tier leagues (tier in brackets) (*2) 1971(2)[A], 1973(2)[A] (*2) 1920(2), 1972(3)[A]
Southern League (*1) 1910 (*4) 1908, 1909, 1911, 1912
Professionals (*4) 1913, 1923, 1924, 1929 (*2) 1925, 1926
Amateurs (*2) 1925, 1926 (*4) 1913, 1923, 1924, 1929
Others (*1) 1950 (*3) 1927[B], 1950, 1961
Notes
  1. ^
    Leicester City, Liverpool, Manchester City, Aston Villa and Burnley were invited to take part in the Shield these years because either the First Division or FA Cup winners declined or were unable to participate. Other participants have been the runner-ups of the FA Cup or the defending champions of the Shield throughout the years, however they are listed in this table based on how they qualified for the Shield.
  2. ^
    The FA invited Corinthians FC to take part as an amateur representative against FA Cup winners Cardiff City.
  3. ^
    In matches between the First Division/Premier League champions and FA Cup winners, the First Division/Premier League champion won the Shield 42 times and the FA Cup winner 20 times, while it was shared 10 times.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "New penalty shoot-out system to be used at Wembley for Chelsea v Arsenal clash". Talksport. 3 August 2017.
  2. ^ "Leicester City 1–2 Manchester United". The Football Association.
  3. ^ Association, The Football. "Martin Atkinson to oversee FA Community Shield between Liverpool and Manchester City". The Football Association.
  4. ^ "Champions League teams' pre-season friendlies". UEFA. 17 August 2016.
  5. ^ "Super Cup preview: Liverpool v Chelsea". UEFA. 13 August 2019.
  6. ^ "Ibrahimović rejoins AC Milan: how Zlatan made his mark in Europe". UEFA. 27 December 2019.
  7. ^ "Where the money goes". The Football Association. Retrieved 30 March 2014.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h "The FA Community Shield history". The FA Cup & Competitions. The FA. Retrieved 30 March 2014.
  9. ^ "4. THE CORINTHIAN ERA :: ISFA". isfa.org.uk. Archived from the original on 22 April 2014. Retrieved 21 April 2014.
  10. ^ "The Football Association Charity Shield". the-english-football-archive.com. Archived from the original on 23 December 2007. Retrieved 22 May 2008. (Wayback machine)
  11. ^ a b Swindlehurst, Jonathan (9 August 2009). "Community Shield Preview - A brief history". A different league. Archived from the original on 3 September 2011. Retrieved 23 November 2010.
  12. ^ Liew, Jonathan (8 August 2014). "Community Shield is generally contested by good teams who often win more things – but does it mean anything?". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 15 August 2019.
  13. ^ "For The Record". The Times. 20 August 1973. p. 9.
  14. ^ "10 memorable Community Shield matches". Talksport. Retrieved 15 August 2019.
  15. ^ Dronfield, Dylan (4 March 2002). "Charity Shield warning for FA". The Guardian.
  16. ^ "FA to rename Charity Shield". BBC Sport. 8 February 2002. Retrieved 4 February 2001.
  17. ^ "Community Shield match details". The Football Association. 29 July 2002. Archived from the original on 15 June 2004. Retrieved 4 August 2015.
  18. ^ "Evening Standard: FA Charity Shield to be auctioned off to raise money for the Bobby Moore Fund". Archived from the original on 24 September 2016.
  19. ^ "The FA's new official charity partner is Bobby Moore Fund".
  20. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 25 April 2012. Retrieved 25 April 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  21. ^ "ESPN: Liverpool face Arsenal in 2020-21 curtain-raiser". 27 August 2020.
  22. ^ "Daily Telegraph: Ivanovic Will Not Be Suspended". 13 August 2012.
  23. ^ "Daily Mirror: Virgil van Dijk and Pep Guardiola escape unwanted records as FA deem Community Shield is a friendly". 5 August 2019.
  24. ^ "Rules of the Football Association Community Shield" (PDF). TheFA.com. The Football Association. Retrieved 28 August 2020.
  25. ^ "History of the Charity Shield". BBC. 9 August 2001. Retrieved 22 November 2010.
  26. ^ Stone, Simon (16 February 2011). "Old Trafford in pole for 2012 Community Shield". The Independent. London. Retrieved 31 May 2011.
  27. ^ a b "List of Charity/Community Shield matches at RSSSF". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. 6 August 2015. Retrieved 9 November 2016.

External linksEdit