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TSG 1899 Hoffenheim

Turn- und Sportgemeinschaft 1899 Hoffenheim e.V., or simply TSG 1899 Hoffenheim (pronounced [teː ʔɛs ɡeː ˈʔaxt͡seːnˈhʊndɐt ˈnɔʏ̯nʔʊntˈnɔʏ̯nt͡sɪç ˈhɔfn̩haɪ̯m]) is a professional German association football club based in Hoffenheim, a village of Sinsheim municipality, Baden-Württemberg.

TSG 1899 Hoffenheim
Logo TSG Hoffenheim.svg
Full nameTurn- und Sportgemeinschaft
1899 Hoffenheim e.V.
Nickname(s)Die Kraichgauer (From Kraichgau region),
achtzehn99 (1899)
Founded1 July 1899; 120 years ago (1899-07-01)
GroundPreZero Arena
OwnerDietmar Hopp (96%)
PresidentPeter Hofmann
Managing DirectorFrank Briel
Dr. Peter Görlich
CoachAlfred Schreuder
WebsiteClub website
Current season

Originally founded in 1899 as a gymnastics club, Hoffenheim came into being in its modern form in 1945. A fifth division side in 2000, the club rapidly advanced through the German football league system with the financial backing of alumnus and software mogul Dietmar Hopp, and in 2008 Hoffenheim was promoted to the top tier Bundesliga. In the 2017–18 season, Hoffenheim finished third in the Bundesliga (its best to date), qualifying for the UEFA Champions League group stage for the first time.

Since 2009, Hoffenheim has played its home games at the Rhein-Neckar-Arena (currently known as PreZero Arena), having previously played at the Dietmar-Hopp-Stadion from 1999.


The modern-day club was formed in 1945, when gymnastics club Turnverein Hoffenheim (founded 1 July 1899) and football club Fußballverein Hoffenheim (founded 1921) merged. At the beginning of the 1990s, the club was an obscure local amateur side playing in the eighth division Baden-Württemberg A-Liga. They steadily improved and by 1996 were competing in the Verbandsliga Nordbaden (V).

Around 2000, alumnus Dietmar Hopp returned to the club of his youth as a financial backer. Hopp was the co-founder of software firm SAP and he put some of his money into the club. His contributions generated almost immediate results: in 2000 Hoffenheim finished first in the Verbandsliga and was promoted to the fourth-division Oberliga Baden-Württemberg. Another first-place finish moved the club up to the Regionalliga Süd (III) for the 2001–02 season. They finished 13th in their first season in the Regionalliga, but improved significantly the next year, earning a fifth-place result.

Hoffenheim earned fifth and seventh-place finishes in the next two seasons, before improving to fourth in 2005–06 to earn their best result to date. The club made its first DFB-Pokal appearance in the 2003–04 competition and performed well, advancing to the quarter-finals by eliminating 2. Bundesliga sides Eintracht Trier and Karlsruher SC and Bundesliga club Bayer Leverkusen before being put out themselves by another 2. Bundesliga side, VfB Lübeck.

Negotiations to merge TSG Hoffenheim, Astoria Walldorf, and SV Sandhausen to create FC Heidelberg 06 in 2005 were abandoned due to the resistance of the latter two clubs, and the failure to agree on whether the new side's stadium should be located in Heidelberg or Eppelheim. Team owner Hopp clearly preferred Heidelberg, but could not overcome the resistance of local firm Wild, which had already reserved the site of the planned stadium for its new production facilities.

2006–2008: Major investments, promotion to the BundesligaEdit

In 2006, the club sought to improve its squad and technical staff by bringing in players with several years of Bundesliga experience, most notably Jochen Seitz and Tomislav Marić, and young talents like Sejad Salihović, while signing manager Ralf Rangnick, who managed Bundesliga teams such as SSV Ulm 1846, VfB Stuttgart, Hannover 96 and Schalke 04, to a five-year contract. The investment paid off in the 2006–07 season with the club's promotion to the 2. Bundesliga after finishing second in Regionalliga Süd.

The 2007–08 season was Hoffenheim's first season in professional football. After a weak start with three losses and only one draw in the first four games, the team's performance improved remarkably and Hoffenheim climbed from 16th place on matchday four to second place on matchday 23. The team managed to defend their place until the end of the season, having scored 60 points after matchday 34. As a result of their second-place finish they received automatic promotion to the Bundesliga, the highest tier in German football, after just playing in the 2. Bundesliga for one season.

2008–present: Growth of the club and Champions League footballEdit

Hoffenheim had a successful season in their debut in the Bundesliga, the top German division, as they went on record a 7th place finish, narrowly missing out on Europa League qualifying by six points.[1] The club's best players of the season were Vedad Ibišević and Demba Ba, who scored 18 and 14 respectively.[2] In the 2009–10 Bundesliga, the club had a less successful season, recording a finish outside of the top 10, finishing 11th.[3] The club eventually went on to finish in 11th place for the next two consecutive seasons.[4][5] In the 2012–13 Bundesliga, the club came very close to suffering relegation, after they a 16th place finish, meaning they would have to play in the relegation play-offs to survive; the club went on to beat their opponents Kaiserslautern by a scoreline of 5–2 on aggregate, with their talent Roberto Firmino scoring two goals in the first match.[6][7][8] In the 2013–14 Bundesliga, the club had a very strange statistics; being the third best goalscoring team in the league, but also the worst defensive team, scoring 72 goals and conceding 70.[9] The club's best goalscorer of the season, also their best assist provider, was Roberto Firmino, scoring 16 goals and providing 12 assists, with the player winning the Bundesliga Breakthrough Player of the Season award.[10][11][12] In the 2014–15 Bundesliga, the club came very close to qualifying for the Europa League, with just two points separating them from Borussia Dortmund, who were in 7th place, despite the 8th place finish, Hoffenheim still had a goal difference of −6 in the 2014–15 season.[13] In the 2015–16 Bundesliga, the club once again came close to suffering relegation, with just one point separating them from the relegation play-offs.[14]

In the 2016–17 season, new coach Julian Nagelsmann took over,[15] beginning to recruit several very significant players, including Andrej Kramarić, Kerem Demirbay and Sandro Wagner.[16][17][18][19] Initially into the season, the club was in a struggling form, with four draws in the first four games of the season,[20] before a rise in form rose the club to third place in the league by the end of October.[21] On 4 April 2017, the club beat Bayern Munich by a scoreline of 1–0, one of the most important wins in the club's history.[22] On 21 April 2017, the club confirmed that they would play European football next season following a 1–1 draw with Köln.[23] Following a 4th place finish in the 2016–17 Bundesliga, Hoffenheim confirmed Champions League football for the 2017–18 season.[24] The club were eventually drawn to play five-time European champions Liverpool in the play-off round.[25][26] The club lost the first leg tie by a scoreline of 1–2, before a 4–2 loss in the second leg confirmed Hoffenheim's elimination from the tournament, as the club lost 3–6 on aggregate.[27][28] Due to their elimination from the play-off stages, the club would continue playing European football in the Europa League group stages, however, the club would suffer elimination from the tournament as they would finish bottom of their group.[29]

In the 2017–18 Bundesliga season, Hoffenheim had a successful season, finishing third, automatically qualifying for next year's UEFA Champions League.[30]


Current squadEdit

As of 2 September 2019[31]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1   GK Oliver Baumann (3rd captain)
2   DF Joshua Brenet
3   DF Pavel Kadeřábek
4   DF Ermin Bičakčić
5   DF Kostas Stafylidis
6   MF Håvard Nordtveit
7   MF Lukas Rupp
8   MF Dennis Geiger
9   FW Ihlas Bebou
11   MF Florian Grillitsch
12   GK Philipp Pentke
14   MF Christoph Baumgartner
16   MF Sebastian Rudy (on loan from Schalke)
17   MF Steven Zuber
18   MF Diadie Samassékou
No. Position Player
19   FW Ishak Belfodil
20   MF Robert Žulj
21   DF Benjamin Hübner (vice-captain)
22   MF Kevin Vogt (captain)
23   FW Sargis Adamyan
25   DF Kevin Akpoguma
27   FW Andrej Kramarić
29   FW Robert Skov
30   FW Philipp Ochs
31   DF Lucas Ribeiro
33   GK Alexander Stolz
37   FW Jürgen Locadia (on loan from Brighton)
38   DF Stefan Posch
41   DF Alfons Amade

Players out on loanEdit

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
  MF Felipe Pires (at Fortaleza until 31 December 2019)
  MF Bruno Nazário (at Atlético-PR until 31 December 2019)
  GK Gregor Kobel (at VfB Stuttgart until 30 June 2020)
  DF Justin Hoogma (at FC Utrecht until 30 June 2020)
No. Position Player
  DF Kasim Nuhu (at Fortuna Düsseldorf until 30 June 2020)
  FW David Otto (at Heidenheim until 30 June 2020)
  MF Leonardo Bittencourt (at Werder Bremen until 30 June 2020)

Reserve teamEdit

Women's teamEdit


First teamEdit

Head coach   Alfred Schreuder
Assistant coach   Pellegrino Matarazzo
Goalkeeper coach   Michael Rechner
Athletics coach   Christian Weigl
Rehab coach   Otmar Rösch

Reserve teamEdit

Head coach   Marco Wildersinn
Assistant coach   Andreas Ibertsberger
Athletics coach   Markus Zidek
Goalkeeper coach   Steffen Krebs


Wirsol Rhein-Neckar-Arena, the first division team's current stadium.

Before being promoted to the 1. Bundesliga in 2008, the club played in Dietmar-Hopp-Stadion which was built in 1999 with a capacity of 5,000 (1,620 seats).

TSG 1899 Hoffenheim made their loftier ambitions clear in 2006 when the club's management decided to build the new 30,150 seat Rhein-Neckar-Arena suitable for hosting Bundesliga matches. The stadium was originally to be built in Heidelberg before the selection of a site in Sinsheim.

They opened their first season in the 1. Bundesliga at the 26,022 capacity Carl-Benz-Stadion in Mannheim and played their first match in their new stadium on 31 January 2009.[32]

Interwetten betting company has agreed to be the stadium's betting partner for TSG Hoffenheim from August 2017, to 2020.[33]


Criticism of the clubEdit

Dietmar Hopp's financial support, which transformed Hoffenheim from a local amateur club into a competitive Bundesliga club, has been strongly criticized by other clubs, fans and some in the German press. The main points of criticism are the club's lack of "tradition" and a proper fan base as the club is a historically insignificant side from a village of just 3,300 inhabitants. This situation is similar to that of now-defunct Scottish side Gretna and German clubs VfL Wolfsburg, Bayer Leverkusen and RB Leipzig, as those teams also received large financial support by companies; Wolfsburg is wholly owned and supported by automobile manufacturer Volkswagen, Bayer Leverkusen by pharmaceutical company Bayer and RB Leipzig by Red Bull. Despite this, Leverkusen and Wolfsburg are nonetheless different from Hoffenheim because of their long history as football clubs founded by the factory workers themselves, and have been successful chiefly through their own merits rather than outside funding.

On 16 August 2011, the club released a statement regarding complaints of a loudspeaker that was strategically placed under away fans during a home game against Borussia Dortmund. The loudspeaker was designed to drown out the noise of the away fans cheers and chants during the game. It is reported that the speaker was placed by the groundskeeper and the club denies any involvement saying he acted alone. It is also reported that the loudspeaker was used during other games not just the home game against Dortmund.[34]

In a later statement, the club admitted that the disruptive sound assembly has been used at least five times, although club officials claim to have no knowledge of these measures.


The club's honours:


Recent coachEdit

Recent coach of the club:[35]

Start End Coach
1979 1982   Helmut Zuber
1982 1982   Meinard Stadelbauer
1982 1984   Rudi Ebel
1984 1985   Klaus Keller
1986 1989   Helmut Jedele
1989 1990   Gerhard Boll
1990 1992   Egon Ludwig
1992 1994   Hans Schreiner
1994 1998   Roland Schmitt
1998 1998   Alfred Schön
1998 14 March 1999   Raimund Lietzau
15 March 1999 30 September 1999   Günter Hillenbrand
31 August 1999 12 March 2000   Riko Weigand
2000 30 June 2000   Alfred Schön
1 July 2000 19 November 2005   Hans-Dieter Flick
19 November 2005 23 December 2005   Roland Dickgießer*
10 January 2006 21 May 2006   Lorenz-Günther Köstner
24 May 2006 30 June 2006   Alfred Schön*
1 July 2006 1 January 2011   Ralf Rangnick
2 January 2011 30 June 2011   Marco Pezzaiuoli
1 July 2011 9 February 2012   Holger Stanislawski
10 February 2012 3 December 2012   Markus Babbel
3 December 2012 31 December 2012   Frank Kramer*
1 January 2013 2 April 2013   Marco Kurz
2 April 2013 26 October 2015   Markus Gisdol
26 October 2015 10 February 2016   Huub Stevens
11 February 2016 30 June 2019   Julian Nagelsmann
1 July 2019 present   Alfred Schreuder
*As caretaker coach.

Recent seasonsEdit

The recent season-by-season performance of the club:[36][37]

Season Division Tier Position
1999–00 Verbandsliga Nordbaden V 1st↑
2000–01 Oberliga Baden-Württemberg IV 1st↑
2001–02 Regionalliga Süd III 13th
2002–03 5th
2003–04 5th
2004–05 7th
2005–06 4th
2006–07 2nd↑
2007–08 2. Bundesliga II 2nd↑
2008–09 Bundesliga I 7th
2009–10 11th
2010–11 11th
2011–12 11th
2012–13 16th
2013–14 9th
2014–15 8th
2015–16 15th
2016–17 4th
2017–18 3rd
2018–19 9th
Promoted Relegated
  • With the introduction of the Regionalligas in 1994 and the 3. Liga in 2008 as the new third tier, below the 2. Bundesliga, all leagues below dropped one tier. In 2012, the number of Regionalligas was increased from three to five with all Regionalliga Süd clubs except the Bavarian ones entering the new Regionalliga Südwest.

European recordEdit

Hoffenheim made their debut in European competition in 2017, qualifying for the play-off round of the 2017–18 UEFA Champions League play-offs. Their first match was on 15 August 2017, losing the first leg of the play-offs 2–1 to Liverpool.


Season Competition Round Club Home Away Result
2017–18 UEFA Champions League PO   Liverpool 1–2 2–4 3–6
UEFA Europa League GS   Braga 1–2 1–3 4th
  Ludogorets Razgrad 1–1 1–2
  İstanbul Başakşehir 3–1 1–1
2018–19 UEFA Champions League GS   Shakhtar Donetsk 2–3 2–2 4th
  Manchester City 1–2 1–2
  Lyon 3–3 2–2

UEFA club coefficient rankingEdit

As of 22 August 2019[38]
Rank Team Points
94   UC Sampdoria 14.945
95   Torino FC 14.945
96   TSG 1899 Hoffenheim 14.385
97   Hertha BSC Berlin 14.385
98   1. FC Köln 14.385

Most goalsEdit

# Nationality Name Years Goals
1   Croatia Andrej Kramarić 2015.- 50
2   Bosnia and Herzegovina Sejad Salihović 2006.-'15. 46
3   Bosnia and Herzegovina Vedad Ibišević 2007.-'12. 43

Women's teamEdit

The women's team started playing in 2006–07 and rushed through the lower leagues. The women's team plays at Dietmar-Hopp-Stadion and is currently coached by Jürgen Ehrmann.[39]


  1. ^ Germany, kicker, Nürnberg. "Bundesliga 2008/09, der 34. Spieltag". kicker (in German). Retrieved 14 August 2018.
  2. ^ Germany, kicker, Nürnberg. "Bundesliga 2008/09 – Torjägerliste". kicker (in German). Retrieved 14 August 2018.
  3. ^ "Bundesliga – Die offizielle Webseite". 6 February 2008. Retrieved 14 August 2018.
  4. ^ Germany, kicker, Nürnberg. "Bundesliga 2010/11, der 34. Spieltag". kicker (in German). Retrieved 14 August 2018.
  5. ^ Germany, kicker, Nürnberg. "Bundesliga 2011/12, der 34. Spieltag". kicker (in German). Retrieved 14 August 2018.
  6. ^ Germany, kicker, Nürnberg. "Bundesliga 2012/13, der 34. Spieltag". kicker (in German). Retrieved 14 August 2018.
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  8. ^ Germany, kicker, Nürnberg. "Hoffenheim bleibt in der Bundesliga: 1. FC Kaiserslautern – TSG Hoffenheim 1:2 (0:1)". kicker (in German). Retrieved 14 August 2018.
  9. ^ "Spieltag/Tabelle". DFB – Deutscher Fußball-Bund e.V. (in German). 18 March 2014. Retrieved 14 August 2018.
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  12. ^ "Bundesliga 2013–14 Top Scorers Football". Retrieved 14 August 2018.
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  14. ^ "Spieltag/Tabelle". DFB – Deutscher Fußball-Bund e.V. (in German). 18 March 2014. Retrieved 14 August 2018.
  15. ^ Reuters (27 October 2015). "Hoffenheim appoint 28-year-old Julian Nagelsmann as manager for next season". The Guardian. Retrieved 14 August 2018.
  16. ^ "Leicester City flop Andrej Kramaric signs for Hoffenheim". Daily Mailaccess-date=2018-08-14.
  17. ^ "Hoffenheim sign Sandro Wagner from Darmstadt |". – the official Bundesliga website. Retrieved 14 August 2018.
  18. ^ Walsh, Jonathan (13 July 2016). "Demirbay swaps HSV for Hoffenheim". Retrieved 14 August 2018.
  19. ^ "From fourth division to Europe: Kerem Demirbay's remarkable two-year ascension | Cologne 1–1 Hoffenheim". – the official Bundesliga website. Retrieved 14 August 2018.
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  21. ^ "Spieltag/Tabelle". DFB – Deutscher Fußball-Bund e.V. (in German). 18 March 2014. Retrieved 14 August 2018.
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  24. ^ "Spieltag/Tabelle". DFB – Deutscher Fußball-Bund e.V. (in German). 18 March 2014. Retrieved 14 August 2018.
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  27. ^ "Hoffenheim 1–2 Liverpool". BBC Sport. 15 August 2017. Retrieved 14 August 2018.
  28. ^ "Liverpool 4–2 1899 Hoffenheim (agg 6–3)". BBC Sport. 23 August 2017. Retrieved 14 August 2018.
  29. ^ "Europa League (Sky Sports)". SkySports. Retrieved 14 August 2018.
  30. ^ "Spieltag/Tabelle". DFB – Deutscher Fußball-Bund e.V. (in German). 18 March 2014. Retrieved 14 August 2018.
  31. ^ "Squad First team". TSG 1899 Hoffenheim. Retrieved 12 August 2017.
  32. ^ Wirsol Rhein-Neckar-Arena (in German) Retrieved 18 September 2011
  33. ^ "Interwetten partners with Hoffenheim – Slotsday". Slotsday. 12 August 2017. Retrieved 21 August 2017.
  34. ^ [1], "Shit has hit the fan", 16 August 2011.
  35. ^ 1899 Hoffenheim .:. Trainer von A-Z (in German) Retrieved 18 September 2011
  36. ^ Das deutsche Fußball-Archiv (in German) Historical German domestic league tables
  37. ^ – Ergebnisse (in German) Tables and results of all German football leagues
  38. ^ "Member associations – UEFA Coefficients – Club coefficients". UEFA.
  39. ^ "TSG Hoffenheim Women" (in German). TSG 1899 Hoffenheim. Retrieved 28 August 2017.

External linksEdit