Open main menu

Per capita is a Latin prepositional phrase literally meaning "by heads" or "for each head", and idiomatically used to mean "per person". The term is used in a wide variety of social sciences and statistical research contexts, including government statistics, economic indicators, and built environment studies. It is commonly used in statistics in place of saying "per person"[1] (although per caput is the Latin for "per head"[2]). It is also used in wills to indicate that each of the named beneficiaries should receive, by devise or bequest, equal shares of the estate.[2] This is in contrast to a per stirpes division, in which each branch (Latin stirps, plural stirpes) of the inheriting family inherits an equal share of the estate.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Per capita | Define Per capita at". Retrieved 2017-04-08.
  2. ^ a b "Per caput, per capita." at The Economist style gluide. Retrieved 15 July 2017.