Brighton & Hove Albion F.C.

English association football club
  (Redirected from Brighton & Hove Albion F.C)
Brighton & Hove Albion
Brighton & Hove Albion logo.svg
Full name Brighton & Hove Albion Football Club
Nickname(s) The Seagulls, Albion
Founded 24 June 1901; 115 years ago (1901-06-24)
Ground Falmer Stadium
Ground Capacity 30,750
Chairman Tony Bloom
Manager Chris Hughton
League Championship
2015–16 Championship, 3rd
Website Club home page
Current season

Brighton & Hove Albion Football Club /ˈbrtən ən ˈhv/ is a professional football club based in the city of Brighton and Hove, East Sussex, England, often referred to simply as Brighton. The club currently plays in the Championship, the second tier of the English football league system, hosting games at the 30,750-capacity Falmer Stadium, known for sponsorship purposes as the American Express Community Stadium, or simply the Amex.

The team is nicknamed the "Seagulls" or "Albion". The team has historically played in blue and white stripes, though this changed to all white briefly in the 1970s and again to plain blue during the club's most successful spell in the 1980s.[1] Crystal Palace are considered the club's main rivals, although the grounds are 40 miles apart.[2][3]

Founded in 1901, Brighton played their early professional football in the Southern League before being elected to the Football League in 1920. The club enjoyed greatest prominence between 1979 and 1983 when they played in the First Division and reached the 1983 FA Cup Final, losing to Manchester United after a replay.[4] They were relegated from the top division in the same season. Mismanagement brought Brighton close to relegation from the Football League to the Conference which they narrowly avoided in 1997 and 1998. A boardroom takeover saved Brighton from liquidation, and following successive promotions they returned to the second tier of English football in 2002 and have played in the second and third tiers ever since.

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
Former Brighton chairman Dick Knight who ultimately saved the club

Brighton & Hove Albion F.C. were founded in 1901 and 19 years later, in 1920, they were elected to the Football League's new Third Division — having previously been members of the Southern League. In the Southern League they won their only national honour to date, the FA Charity Shield, which at that time was contested by the champions of the Southern League, and the Football League, by defeating Football League Champions Aston Villa in 1910.[5]

Mike Bamber was the chairman of Brighton from October 1972 until 1983. He famously brought Brian Clough to the club in 1973 and later appointed former England player Alan Mullery as manager. Brighton's life as a Football League club had brought little in the way of success and headlines until 1979, when, under Mullery's management, they were promoted to the First Division as Second Division runners-up. The 1982/83 season saw a wildly inconsistent start for the club, with victories over Arsenal and Manchester United mixed in with heavy defeats. Manager Mike Bailey eventually lost his job at the start of December 1982. Jimmy Melia took over as manager, but was unable to turn the situation around and Brighton were relegated in 1983, having finished in bottom place.

Despite their relegation, that season Brighton reached their first (and only to date) FA Cup final and drew 2–2 with Manchester United in the first match. Brighton's goals were scored by Gordon Smith and Gary Stevens. This was the final that featured the "miss" by Gordon Smith with virtually the last kick of the game in extra time, prompting the BBC commentator Peter Jones to utter the well known phrase "...and Smith must score". However, Smith's kick was actually saved by the Manchester United goalkeeper, Gary Bailey. In the replay, Manchester United won 4–0.

In 1996, the club's financial situation was becoming increasingly precarious and the club's directors had come to a decision that the Goldstone Ground would have to be sold to pay off some of the club's huge debts. Manager Jimmy Case was sacked after a terrible start to 1996–97 saw Brighton stuck the bottom of the league by a considerable margin – they seemed certain to be relegated from the Football League just 14 years after they had almost won the FA Cup. The club's directors, who appeared to have little concern about the on-field fortunes of the club, appointed a relative unknown in Steve Gritt, the former joint manager of Charlton Athletic, in hope of performing a miracle survival. Brighton's league form steadily improved under Gritt, although their improving chances of survival were put under further threat by a two-point deduction imposed as punishment for a pitch invasion by fans who were protesting against the sale of the Goldstone ground. A lifelong fan named Dick Knight took control of the club in 1997 having led the fan pressure to oust the previous board following their sale of the club's Goldstone Ground to property developers.

By the last day of the season, after being 13 points adrift at one stage, they were off the bottom of the table and had to play the team directly below them, Hereford United — the game was in their hands. If Brighton won or drew, they would be safe. Brighton defender Kerry Mayo scored an own goal in the first half and it looked as though their 77-year league career was over. But a late goal from Robbie Reinelt saved the day, Brighton retained their league status on goal difference, and Hereford's 25-year league run was instead over.

The sale of the Goldstone ground went through in 1997, leading to Brighton having to play some 70 miles away at Gillingham's Priestfield stadium for two seasons. Micky Adams was appointed Brighton's manager in 1999. For the start of the 1999–2000 season the Seagulls secured a lease to play home games at Withdean Stadium, a converted athletics track in Brighton owned by the local council. In February 2000 Brighton signed a little known forward on loan from Bristol Rovers called Bobby Zamora. Zamora made an instant impact, scoring in his debut, the 1–1 home draw with Plymouth.

2000–01 was Brighton's first successful season for 13 years. They were crowned champions of Division Three and promoted to Division Two, where they made an excellent start and looked good bets for a second successive promotion. Adams left in October 2001 to work as Dave Bassett's assistant at Leicester, being replaced by former Leicester manager Peter Taylor. The transition proved to be a plus point for Brighton, who maintained their good form and ended the season as Division Two champions – winning a second successive promotion. Just five years after almost succumbing to the double threat of losing their Football League status and going out of business completely, Brighton were one division away from the Premier League.

During May 2009, Knight was replaced as chairman at Brighton by Tony Bloom, who had successfully secured £93 million funding for the new Falmer Stadium and secured 75% shareholding at the club.[6]

Brighton's final season at Withdean was the 2010–11 Season which saw Albion finish as champions of League 1. The final game at Withdean was a 3–2 loss to Huddersfield Town F.C.. For the 2011–12 season, Brighton changed their logo to a design similar to the logo used from the 1970s to the 1990s. This was to reflect on the club returning home after not having a stadium since 1997.

The Amex Stadium hosted its first league match on the opening day of the 2011–12 Season against Doncaster Rovers, who were the last opposition to play at the Goldstone in 1997. The game finished 2–1 to the Albion after being a goal down & saw manager Gus Poyet sent off. The first goal was scored by then-Doncaster player Billy Sharp. Brighton's first defeat at the Amex came on 27 September losing 3–1 to major rivals Crystal Palace. During the season Brighton hosted some Premier League clubs in cup competitions such as Newcastle United, Sunderland and Liverpool. Brighton finished the season in 10th.

The 2012–13 Season saw Brighton finish 4th and a place in the play-offs in which they would face Crystal Palace. The 1st leg finished 0–0 at Selhurst Park. Palace won the 2nd leg 2–0 at the Amex so Brighton failed to win promotion to the Premier League. Gus Poyet was sacked as manager and replaced by Oscar Garcia. The 2013–14 Season saw Brighton outside the play-offs for much of the season until a late run of good form put them into the play-off places and on the final day of the season, Brighton beat Nottingham Forest 2–1 with a last minute winner from Leonardo Ulloa securing a 6th-place finish. Brighton faced Derby for the play-off semi-final and lost 2–1 at home in the 1st leg. Brighton lost the 2nd leg 4–1 and crashed out of the play-offs for a second year in a row. Garcia resigned as manager not so long afterwards.

In 2014, the club opened their new training ground in Lancing, regarded as one of the best training grounds in the country.[citation needed]

Ex-Liverpool defender Sami Hyypia was appointed manager for the 2014–15 Season. Hyypia's management saw a combination of poor signings and a lack of leadership with the players, as Brighton entered the relegation zone in November after only 3 wins in 4 months. After a 0–0 draw at Wolves, Sami Hyypia resigned as Manager. Chris Hughton was appointed manager on 31 December 2015. His first game in charge saw Brighton beat Brentford 2–0 in the FA Cup. His first league game in charge saw Brighton beat Charlton 1–0 away. Brighton eventually survived relegation and finished 20th.

On 22 August 2015, the 2015 Shoreham Airshow crash occurred less than a mile from the club's training ground. Among the 11 people killed were Matthew Grimstone and Jacob Schilt, who played for 9th tier side Worthing United F.C.. Matthew Grimstone was a groundsman at Brighton, whilst Jacob Schilt played in a few charity matches for Brighton. A remembrance ceremony was held on 12 September when Brighton played Hull City with tributes being held by both teams, fans and staff.[citation needed]

The 2015–16 Season saw a revived Brighton side go on a 22-game unbeaten run from the opening day to 19 December when Middlesbrough beat Brighton 3–0 at the Amex to inflict Albion's first defeat of the season. During the run, Brighton were top of the Championship for most of the time. On the final day of the season Brighton travelled to Middlesbrough and needed to win to secure promotion to the Premier League in one of Brighton's biggest games in their history. Middlesbrough took the lead in the first half, however Brighton equalised in the 2nd half through a Dale Stephens header. He was later sent off, as the match finished 1–1 and Middlesbrough won promotion to the Premier League with Brighton having to settle for 3rd and a play-off place. Brighton only missed out on promotion on goal difference by 2 goals. Brighton faced Sheffield Wednesday in Albion's 3rd play-offs in 4 seasons. Brighton were hit by major bad luck during the 1st leg when 4 players suffered injuries in less than an hour and Albion lost 2–0 at Hillsborough. In the 2nd leg Brighton threatened for much of the first half and eventually scored. However Wednesday scored again and the game finished 3–1, as Brighton lost in the play-offs again and ending one of Brighton's most successful seasons in their history.

StadiumEdit

 
Brighton fans at Falmer Stadium during the first league game at the stadium against Doncaster Rovers

For many years Brighton and Hove Albion were based at the Goldstone Ground in Hove, until the board of directors decided to sell the stadium. The sale, implemented by majority shareholder Bill Archer and his chief executive David Bellotti, proved controversial, and the move provoked widespread protests against the board. The club received little if any money from this sale.[7]

In their last season at the Goldstone, 1996–97, the Seagulls were in danger of relegation from the Football League. They won their final game at the Goldstone against Doncaster Rovers,[8] setting up a winner-takes-all relegation game at Hereford United, who were level on points with the Seagulls. Brighton drew 1–1, and Hereford were relegated to the Football Conference on goals scored.[9]

For two years, from 1997–99, the club shared Priestfield Stadium, the ground of Gillingham, before returning to Brighton to play at Withdean Stadium. This is not predominantly a football ground, having been used for athletics throughout most of its history, and previously as a zoo.[10]

Because of the cost of the public enquiry into planning permission for a new stadium, rent on Withdean Stadium, fees paid to use Gillingham's Priestfield Stadium, and a general running deficit due to the low ticket sales inherent with a small ground, the club had an accumulated deficit of £9.5 million in 2004. The board of directors paid £7 million of this; the other £2.5 million had to be raised from the operations of the club. In an effort to achieve this, a fund-raising appeal known as the Alive and Kicking Fund was started, with everything from nude Christmas Cards featuring the players to a CD single being released to raise cash. On 9 January 2005 this fund-raising single 'Tom Hark' went straight in at number 17 in the UK chart, gaining it national airplay on BBC Radio 1.[11]

On 28 October 2005 the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister announced that the application for Falmer had been successful, much to the joy and relief of all the fans. Lewes District Council contested John Prescott's decision to approve planning permission for Falmer, forcing a judicial review. This was based on a minor error in Prescott's original approval which neglected to state that some car parking for the stadium is in the Lewes district as opposed to the Brighton & Hove unitary authority. This caused further delay. Once the judicial review ruled in favour of the stadium, Lewes District Council said that it would not launch any further appeals.

Building of Falmer Stadium started in December 2008. On 31 May 2011 the club officially completed the handover and was given the keys to the stadium with an initial capacity of 22,374 seats, signifying the end of 12 years without a home. During January 2012, the club submitted an application to Brighton and Hove City council to increase the stadium capacity by a further 8,000 seats as well as to add additional corporate boxes, new television facilities and a luxury suite.[12] This was granted unanimously by Brighton & Hove City Council's planning committee on 25 April 2012. The stadium was then expanded to 27,250 for the start of the 2012–13 season and then further to 27,750 during December 2012 before reaching 30,750 during May 2013.

PlayersEdit

Current squadEdit

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1   GK Niki Mäenpää
2   DF Bruno (Captain)
3   DF Gaëtan Bong
4   DF Uwe Hünemeier
5   DF Lewis Dunk (vice-captain)
6   MF Dale Stephens
7   MF Beram Kayal
8   MF Jiří Skalák
9   FW Sam Baldock
10   FW Tomer Hemed
11   MF Anthony Knockaert
12   DF Sébastien Pocognoli (on loan from West Brom)
13   GK David Stockdale
No. Position Player
14   MF Steve Sidwell
15   MF Jamie Murphy
16   GK Casper Ankergren
17   FW Glenn Murray
18   DF Connor Goldson
20   MF Solly March
21   MF Oliver Norwood
22   DF Shane Duffy
23   DF Liam Rosenior
28   FW Chuba Akpom (on loan from Arsenal)
29   MF Richie Towell
  DF Vegard Forren

Development squad and youth teamEdit

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
26   GK Christian Walton
27   DF Fikayo Tomori (on loan from Chelsea)
31   GK Robert Sanchez
32   MF Jayson Molumby
35   MF Connor Tighe
36   MF Dessie Hutchinson
37   DF Ben Barclay
40   DF George Cox
43   DF Ben White
44   DF Sam Adekugbe (on loan from Vancouver Whitecaps)
45   DF Tom Cadman
46   FW James Tilley
48   DF Ben Hall
No. Position Player
49   DF Tyler Hornby-Forbes
51   MF Will Collar
52   DF Dylan Barnett
53   GK Tom McGill
54   MF Archie Davies
55   MF Daniel Mandroiu
  MF Thomas Byrne
  FW Harry Cardwell (on loan from Reading)
  DF Tom Dallison
  DF Jordan Davies
  FW Jason Davis
  FW Vahid Hambo

Out on loanEdit

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
19   FW Elvis Manu (on loan at Go Ahead Eagles until 30 June 2017)
24   MF Rohan Ince (on loan at Swindon Town until 30 June 2017)
30   MF Kazenga LuaLua (on loan at Queens Park Rangers until 30 June 2017)
34   FW Jonah Ayunga (on loan at Sligo Rovers until 1 January 2018)[13]
38   MF Joe Ward (on loan at Lincoln City until 14 April 2017)
41   GK Bailey Vose (on loan at Concord Rangers until 30 June 2017)
No. Position Player
42   DF Rob Hunt (on loan at Oldham Athletic until 30 June 2017)
50   MF Henrik Bjørdal (on loan at IFK Göteborg until 16 July 2017)
  GK Billy Collings (on loan at Dartford until 21 April 2017)
  FW Jordan Maguire-Drew (on loan at Dagenham & Redbridge until 30 June 2017)
  FW Chris O'Grady (on loan at Burton Albion until 30 June 2017)

ManagersEdit

See Soccerbase for full managerial history

Current management teamEdit

Position Name
Manager Chris Hughton
Assistant manager Paul Trollope
First team coach Paul Nevin
Goalkeeping coach Ben Roberts
Youth team goalkeeping coach Casper Ankergren
Academy manager John Morling
Development squad coach Simon Rusk
Youth team manager Ian Buckman
Youth team coach Vic Bragg
Head of medical services Adam Brett
Club doctor Dr. Stephen Lewis
Sports scientist Martin Springham
Assistant physio Paul Watson
Assistant physio Sam Blanchard
Fitness coach Thomas Barnden

PersonnelEdit

Club officialsEdit

Position Staff
Chairman Tony Bloom
Chief executive Paul Barber
Directors Ray Bloom
Derek Chapman
Robert Comer
Adam Franks
Marc Sugarman
Peter Godfrey
Executive director Martin Perry
Finance director David Jones
Life president Dick Knight
Club secretary Derek Allan

Source: Who's Who

HonoursEdit

Shirt sponsors and manufacturersEdit

Season(s) Shirt manufacturer Main sponsor Secondary sponsor Home stadium
1902–1971 B&HA n/a n/a Goldstone Ground, Hove
1971–1974 Bukta
1974–1975 Admiral
1975–1977 Umbro/Bukta/B&HA
1977–1980 Bukta
1980–1983 Adidas British Caledonian Airways
1983–1986 Phoenix Brewery
1986–1987 NOBO
1987–1989 Spall
1989–1991 Sports Express
1991–1993 Ribero TSB Bank
1993–1994 Sandtex
1994–1997 Admiral
1997–1998 Superleague Priestfield, Gillingham
1998–1999 Donatello
1999–2008 Erreà Skint Withdean
2008–2011 IT First
2011–2013 BrightonandHoveJobs.com Donatello Falmer Stadium
2013–2014 American Express n/a
2014– Nike

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ shared with Chichester City in 1960–61
  1. ^ "Brighton & Hove Albion". Historical Football Kits. Retrieved 6 September 2011. 
  2. ^ "Club Rivalries Uncovered Results" (PDF). FootballFanCensus. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 October 2013. Retrieved 6 September 2011. 
  3. ^ Burnton, Simon (2011) How Brighton v Crystal Palace grew into an unlikely rivalry, The Guardian, 27 September (Accessed Dec 2012)
  4. ^ "1983 FA Cup Final". Fa-CupFinals.co.uk. Retrieved 6 September 2011. 
  5. ^ Brighton & Hove Albion Talk Football. Retrieved 9 August 2011
  6. ^ Stadium Funding Secured, Brighton & Hove Albion F.C., 18 May 2009. Retrieved 18 May 2009
  7. ^ "Club in Crisis – Brighton". Club in Crisis. Retrieved 6 September 2011. 
  8. ^ "WELCOME – BRIGHTON & HOVE ALBION". Doncaster Rovers F.C. 16 May 2011. Retrieved 6 September 2011. 
  9. ^ "WE ARE STAYING UP". YouTube. Retrieved 6 September 2011. 
  10. ^ "Withdean Stadium". Royal Pavilion & Brighton Museums. Retrieved 6 September 2011. 
  11. ^ "Brighton fans single makes top 20". BBC. 10 January 2005. Retrieved 6 September 2011. 
  12. ^ "Albion's £36 million plans to push for Premiership". The Argus. 2 January 2012. Retrieved 4 January 2012. 
  13. ^ http://www.sligorovers.com/news/17/jan/jonah-ayunga-signs
  14. ^ "R.U.R. Cup Final Results – Sussex County Football Association". Sussexcountyleague.com. Retrieved 11 November 2012. 

External linksEdit