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List of retired numbers in association football

Association football clubs around the world sometimes retire squad numbers to recognise players' loyal service, most as a memorial after their death.

BackgroundEdit

 
Signed jersey worn by Diego Maradona during his tenure on Italian club Napoli, exhibited at the San Siro Museum of Milan. The number 10 he wore was retired by Napoli in 2000[1]

This practice, long established in the major North American sports, is a recent development in football since squad numbers for specific players were not widely used until the 1990s. Before then, it was typical for players in the starting lineup to be issued numbers 1 to 11 by formation/position on a match-by-match basis, and substitutes to be numbered from 12 upwards, meaning a player might wear different numbers during the season if they were to play in different positions for tactical reasons, or simply not be a regular in the starting lineup.

Nevertheless, in the American league NASL, players always wore permanent numbers since its inception in 1967.[2] Moreover, Pelé's #10 was retired by the New York Cosmos during the farewell of the Brazilian star in 1977,[3] probably becoming the first number ever retired in association football.[4]

Mexico was another pioneer country in the use of permanent numbers in football, being adopted in Primera División in the 1980s.[5]

Retiring a player's number usually occurs after the player has left the team or retired. It honours a player who has meant so much to his club that they retire the shirt number that the player wore during their time there, meaning no other player is permitted to use that number in the future. In some cases, such as those of Jason Mayélé, Vittorio Mero, Marc-Vivien Foé, Miklós Fehér, Ray Jones, Dylan Tombides, François Sterchele, David di Tommaso, Antonio Puerta, Besian Idrizaj, Piermario Morosini and Davide Astori, numbers have been retired to posthumously honour a player who died while still active. Also, Norwegian club Fredrikstad retired Dagfinn Enerly's number following an on-pitch accident that left him paralysed. In Britain, only Bobby Moore's and Jack Lester's shirt numbers have been retired due to great service to the club as opposed to a tragic incident. Although it has not been officially retired, Gianfranco Zola's No. 25 shirt has not been reissued by Chelsea since he left the club in 2003.

The Argentina, Ecuador and Cameroon national teams have been prevented from retiring the numbers of Diego Maradona (10), Christian Benítez (11)[6] and Marc-Vivien Foé (17), respectively, by FIFA rules dealing with squad numbers for Finals tournaments; in other competitions, qualifiers or friendlies, national associations may assign numbers according to criteria of their choosing. Similarly, several clubs have been required to reissue retired numbers for continental club competitions due to squad numbering rules of continental confederations. For example, CAF and CONMEBOL have such rules in their club competitions, but CONCACAF does not.

Some South American teams (such as Universitario de Deportes or Flamengo, and even Mexican teams invited for the occasions) have occasionally had to re-issue their retired numbers for special cases due to CONMEBOL rules, which state that shirts must be numbered 1–25 in continental club competitions (such as Copa Libertadores and Copa Sudamericana, among others).

Retired numbersEdit

Team No. Player Pos. Career Notes
  JS Kabylie 9   Albert Ebossé Bodjongo Forward 2013–2014 posthumous
  Valletta Football Club 7 Gilbert Aguis Midfielder 1990–2013 Club's Legend. Still serves today as an assistant coach of the senior team.
  Rapid Vienna 5   Peter Schöttel Defender 1986–2001 His number was temporarily retired for at least 10 years. In 2013, it was reactivated and given to Thanos Petsos.
  Rapid Vienna 11   Steffen Hofmann Midfielder 2002–2018 Retired for at least 11 years
  Red Bull Salzburg 26   Jonathan Soriano Striker 2012–2017 Club's Legend[7]
  SK Sturm Graz 3   Günther Neukirchner Defender 1989–2006
  SK Sturm Graz 7   Mario Haas Striker 1993–2012
  SV Ried 27   Sanel Kuljic Striker 2003–2006
  Anorthosis Famagusta 14   Temur Ketsbaia Midfielder 1991–1994, 2002–2009
  Club Brugge 23   François Sterchele Striker 2007–2008 posthumous[8]
  UR Namur 3   Michel Soulier Defender 1967–1977 posthumous
  Palmeiras 12   Marcos Goalkeeper 1993–2012 For goalkeepers only. Outfield players have wore the number since his retirement.
  São Paulo 01   Rogério Ceni Goalkeeper 1990–2015 His number was retired on 12 December 2015, when he retired from football. The number '1' may still be used, but the iconic '01', which is an inverted '10', is retired.[9]
  Lokomotiv Plovdiv 8   Hristo Bonev Midfielder 1963–1967, 1968–1979, 1982–1984
  Montreal Impact 20   Mauro Biello Forward 1993–1998, 2000–2009
  Cobreloa 8   Fernando Cornejo Midfielder 1992–1997, 2000–2004 posthumous
  Beijing Enterprises 24   Cheick Tioté Midfielder 2017 posthumous
  Chengdu Blades 18   Yao Xia Striker 2005–2010
  Dalian Shide 26   Zhang Yalin Midfielder 2000–2009 posthumous
  Dalian Transcendence 17   Wang Renlong Striker 2014 posthumous
  Alajuelense 20   Mauricio Montero Defender 1985–1997
  Cartaginés 11   Leonel Hernández Winger 1957–1977
  Cartaginés 18   Claudio Ciccia Forward 2002–2004, 2005
  Dynamo České Budějovice 8   Karel Poborský Midfielder 1991–1994, 2005–2007
  AaB 12   Torben Boye Defender 1984–2002
  Nordsjælland 26   Jonathan Richter Midfielder 2005–2009 Lost his leg as a result of a lightning strike
  Næstved BK 7   Rasmus Green Midfielder 2005–2006 posthumous
  Viborg FF 22   Søren Frederiksen Striker 1989–1994, 1998, 2001–2005
  Chesterfield 14   Jack Lester Striker 2007–2013
  Exeter City 9   Adam Stansfield Forward 2006–2010 posthumous[10]
  Hartlepool United 25   Michael Maidens[11] Midfielder 2004–2007 posthumous
  Macclesfield Town 21   Richard Butcher[12] Midfielder 2010–2011 posthumous
  Manchester City 23   Marc-Vivien Foé[11] Midfielder 2002–2003 posthumous
  Queens Park Rangers 31   Ray Jones[11] Forward 2006–2007 posthumous
  Rushden & Diamonds 1   Dale Roberts[13] Goalkeeper 2008–2010 posthumous
  West Ham United 6   Bobby Moore[11] Centre back 1958–1974 posthumous
  West Ham United 38   Dylan Tombides[14] Striker 2010–2014 posthumous
  Wycombe Wanderers 14   Mark Philo[11] Midfielder 2004–2006 posthumous
  Wolverhampton Wanderers 1   Carl Ikeme Goalkeeper 2003-2018 retired due to cancer
  Clermont 14   Clément Pinault Defender 2008–2009 posthumous
  Lens 17   Marc-Vivien Foé Midfielder 1995–1999 posthumous
  Nantes 9   Emiliano Sala Striker 2015–2019 posthumous[15]
  Rennes 29   Romain Danzé Right back 2006–2019 [16]
  Sedan 29   David di Tommaso Centre back 2000–2004 posthumous
  Wacker Burghausen 11   Marek Krejčí Striker 2004–2007 posthumous
  Wolfsburg 19   Junior Malanda Midfielder 2012–2015 posthumous
  PAOK 17   Panagiotis Katsouris Midfielder 1996–1998 posthumous
  Skoda Xanthi 13   Olubayo Adefemi Defender 2010–2011 posthumous
  Skoda Xanthi 56   Steve Gohouri Defender 2013–2014 posthumous
  CSD Municipal 15   Juan Carlos Plata Forward 1990–2010
  Roulado 7   Jean-Robert Menelas Striker 1993–2007 Number was retired in recognition of his career at the club and for his all-time record goal scoring in the league. He is the first in the history of Haitian football to have a number permanently removed from use.[17][18]
  Olimpia 11   Wilmer Velásquez Forward 1991–1995, 1996–1998, 1999–2001, 2002–2009
  Motagua 16   Edy Vásquez Midfielder 2003–2007 posthumous, retired from 2007–2009
  Happy Valley 2   Leung Sui Wing Sweeper 1976–1997
  Hong Kong Rangers 15   Cheung Yiu Lun Defender 1992–1995, 1996–1999, 2001–2002 posthumous
  Tai Po FC 16   Mao Mengsuo Midfielder 2008–2010 posthumous
  Diósgyőri VTK 77   José Juan Luque Winger 1996–2013 Number retired on 2 June 2013 in respect of Luque being the most professional player in the DVTK history. His number retired for 10 years.
  Ferencváros 2   Tibor Simon Right fullback 1985–1999 posthumous
  Kispest AC/Honvéd 10   Ferenc Puskás Deep-lying forward 1939–1956 retired in 2000, died 2006
  Bethlehem Vengthlang 21   Peter Biaksangzuala Midfielder –2014 posthumous, after the player died celebrating a goal.[19]
  Dempo SC 10   Christiano Junior Striker 2004 posthumous[20]
  Persebaya Surabaya 19   Eri Irianto Midfielder 1998–2000 posthumous
  Persela Lamongan 1   Choirul Huda Goalkeeper 1999–2017 posthumous
  Persis Solo 33   Diego Mendieta Striker 2011–2012 posthumous
  Persepolis 24   Hadi Norouzi[21][22][23][24] Midfielder
Forward
2008–2015 posthumous
Died while sleeping. The cause of death was heart failure. A few days after the incident, Persepolis football club confirmed that the number 24 will be retired.
  Zob Ahan 30   Mehdi Rajabzadeh[25] Midfielder 2003–2007, 2010–2011, 2012–2018
  Derry City 18   Mark Farren Striker 2000–2014 Number was retired in dedication to the club's all-time record goal scorer after he died of cancer.
  Limerick FC 4   Joe O'Mahony Centre back 1966–1986 posthumous[26][27]
  Hapoel Be'er Sheva 6   Chaswe Nsofwa Striker 2007 posthumous
  Maccabi Tel Aviv 8   Avi Nimni Forward 1990–1997, 1998–2003, 2005–2008 Club's Legend
  Maccabi Tel Aviv 12   Meni Levi Right Back 2000–2002
  Atalanta 14   Federico Pisani Deep-lying forward 1991–1997 posthumous
  Bari 2   Giovanni Loseto Defender 1982–1993
  Bologna 27   Niccolò Galli Defender 2000–2001 posthumous
  Brescia 10   Roberto Baggio Deep-lying forward 2000–2004 Club's Legend
  Brescia 13   Vittorio Mero Defender 1998–2001, 2002 posthumous
  Cagliari 11   Gigi Riva Striker 1963–1978 Club's Legend
  Cagliari 13   Davide Astori Defender 2008–2014 posthumous
  Chievo Verona 30   Jason Mayélé Left/right winger 2001–2002 posthumous
  Crotone 4   Antonio Galardo Midfielder 1995–1998, 2002–2016 Club's Legend
  Fiorentina 13   Davide Astori Defender 2015–2018 posthumous
  Genoa 6   Gianluca Signorini Sweeper 1988–1995 posthumous
  Genoa 7   Marco Rossi Midfielder 2003–2004, 2005–2013 Club's Legend
  Internazionale 3   Giacinto Facchetti Left fullback 1961–1978 posthumous
  Internazionale 4   Javier Zanetti[28][29] Right fullback 1995–2014 Club's Legend
  Livorno 25   Piermario Morosini Midfielder 2012 posthumous[30]
  Messina 41   Salvatore Sullo Midfielder 2001–2007
  Milan 3   Paolo Maldini Defender 1984–2009 Club's Legend
  Milan 6   Franco Baresi[11] Defender 1977–1997 Club's Legend
  Napoli 10   Diego Maradona Midfielder 1984–1991 Club's Legend
  Parma 6   Alessandro Lucarelli Defender 2008–2018 Club's Legend
  Pescara 4   Vincenzo Zucchini Midfielder 1973–1979 posthumous
  Salernitana 4   Roberto Breda Midfielder 1993–1999, 2003–2005 Club's Legend
  Siena 4   Michele Mignani Defender 1996–1997, 1998–2006 Club's Legend
  Vicenza 3   Giulio Savoini Defender 1953–1966 posthumous
  Vicenza 25   Piermario Morosini Midfielder 2007–2009, 2011 posthumous
  Montego Bay 2   Stephen Malcolm Defender 1989–2001 posthumous
  Reno F.C. 7   Caple Donaldson Midfielder posthumous
  Fujieda MYFC 2   Toshihide Saito Defender 2009–2013
  Thespa Kusatsu 31   Ryosuke Okuno Defender 2002–2003
  Yokohama F. Marinos 3   Naoki Matsuda Defender 1995–2010 posthumous
  FC Shakhter Karagandy 14   Andrei Finonchenko Forward 2000–2016 [31]
  Llapi 9   Fadil Vokrri Forward 2018– posthumous
  Liberia 14   George Weah Striker 2018– [32]
  Al Ahly Tripoli 14   Tarik El Taib Midfielder 1995–2001
  VB Addu FC 7   Ali Ashfaq Forward 2008–2011
  Atlante 12   Félix Fernández Goalkeeper 1989–1998, 1999–2001, 2002–2003
  Guadalajara 8   Salvador Reyes Striker 1953–1967, 2008 posthumous
  Guadalajara 22   José Martínez González Midfielder 1970–81 posthumous
  Monterrey 26   Humberto Suazo Forward 2007–14 Number retired on 12 December 2014
  Monterrey 28   Jesus Arellano Right Winger 1992–97, 2000–11 The shirt is not fully retired. Arellano has given consent for his son to adopt the number 28.
  Pachuca 1   Miguel Calero Goalkeeper 2000–2011 His number had been retired on 23 October 2011 after Calero's retirement as a professional player. Later his number was retired again posthumous when he died on 4 December 2012.
  Pachuca 17   Hernán Medford Forward/Winger 1994–1997
  Pachuca 20   Pablo Gómez Forward/Winger 1999–2001 posthumous
  Pachuca 110   Andrés Chitiva Midfielder 2001–2008, 2011
  Pumas UNAM 12   Sergio Bernal Goalkeeper 1989–1997, 1998–2001, 2003–2010
  Tigres 7   Gerónimo Barbadillo Midfielder 1977–1982
  Raja Casablanca 23   Zakaria Zerouali Defender 2011
  Ajax 14   Johan Cruyff Forward 1957–1973, 1981–1983
  Ajax 34 Abdelhak Nouri Midfielder 2015-2017 Ajax has de facto retired the Number after Nouri suffered a heart failure on the field in a friendly against Werder Bremen. It has yet to be officially decided, but no player has played with number 34 ever since.
  NAC Breda 13   Ferry van Vliet Midfielder 2001–2002 posthumous
  Telstar 22   Luciano van den Berg Defender 2004–2005 posthumous
  Utrecht 4   David di Tommaso Centre back 2004–2005 posthumous
  Vitesse 4   Theo Bos Defender 1983–1998 posthumous
  Wellington Phoenix 22   Andrew Durante Defender 2008– [33]
  Linfield 11   Noel Bailie Defender 1986–2011 number retired in 2011 to commemorate his world record of 1,013 senior appearances for the club
  Fredrikstad 8   Dagfinn Enerly Winger 2004–2005
  Árabe Unido 21   Amílcar Henríquez Midfielder 2003–2008, 2016–2017 posthumous[34]
  Chepo 77   Jonathan Rodríguez Midfielder 2006–2009 posthumous
  Universitario de Deportes 22   José Luis Carranza Midfielder 1986–2004
  Lech Poznań 9   Piotr Reiss Forward 1994–1998, 2002–2008, 2012–2013
  Legia Warsaw 10   Kazimierz Deyna Midfielder 1966–1978 posthumous
  Widzew Łódź 11   Włodzimierz Smolarek Striker 1974–1978, 1980–1986 posthumous
  Benfica 29   Miklós Fehér Striker 2002–2004 posthumous
  Boavista 29   Edu Ferreira Forward 2016–2017 posthumous
Died on 23 December 2017. The number was retired on 3 January 2018. Leonardo Acevedo was the last player to hold the number, but changed to the 59 shirt midway through the 2017–2018 season[35]
  União Leiria 10   Hugo Cunha Midfielder 2004–2005 posthumous; has been worn again since 2009
  Dinamo Bucharest 11   Cătălin Hîldan Midfielder 1994–2000 posthumous
  Dinamo Bucharest 14   Patrick Ekeng Midfielder 2016 posthumous
  Dinamo Bucharest 25   Ionel Danciulescu Striker 1995–1997, 2002–2009, 2010–2013
  CSKA Moscow 16   Serhiy Perkhun Goalkeeper 2001 posthumous
  Rubin Kazan 17   Lenar Gilmullin Defender 2003—2007 posthumous
  Rubin Kazan 61   Gökdeniz Karadeniz Midfielder 2008—2018 Club's Legend
  Ural 23   Pyotr Hrustovsky Striker 1999, 2001–2003 posthumous
  Alianza 2   Roberto Rivas Right Back 1960–1970 posthumous
  FAS 10   Mágico González Forward 1977–1982, 1991–1999
  Municipal Limeño 11   Oscar Armando Díaz Striker  –1998 posthumous[36]
  Najran SC 20   Al Hasan Al-Yami Striker 1991–1996, 2005–2010 Number retired on 31 July 2012.[37]
  Radnički Niš 10   Ivan "Beli" Krstić Midfielder 2000 posthumous
  Spartak Trnava 9   Ladislav Kuna Midfielder 1964–1980 posthumous
  Maribor 19   Stipe Balajić Defender/Midfielder 1998–2005
  Ajax Cape Town 21   Cecil Lolo Defender 2015–2016 posthumous[38]
  Orlando Pirates 1   Senzo Meyiwa Goalkeeper 2005–2014 posthumous[39]
  Orlando Pirates 22   Lesley Manyathela Forward 2000–2003 posthumous
  Daejeon Citizen FC 18   Kim Eun-jung Striker 1997–2003, 2014
  Daejeon Citizen FC 21   Choi Eun-sung Goalkeeper 1998–2012
  Daewoo Royals, Busan I'cons 16   Kim Joo-Sung Midfielder 1987–1992, 1994–1999
  Córdoba 8   Juanín Forward 1960–1970 posthumous
  Espanyol 21   Daniel Jarque Defender 2002–2009 posthumous
  Extremadura 19   Jose Antonio Reyes Winger 2019 posthumous[40]
  Real Betis 26   Miki Roqué Defender 2010–2012 posthumous
  Assyriska FF 18   Eddie Moussa Striker 2001–2010 posthumous
  Helsingborgs IF 17   Henrik Larsson Striker 1992–1993 2006–2009
  Kalmar FF 15   Johny Erlandsson Winger 1973–1988
  Norrköping 18   Stefán Þórðarson Striker 2004–2007, 2009 The shirt was worn by Þórðarson during his comeback in the club during the 2009 season. Has been worn again since 2017.
  Umeå IK 6   Malin Moström[41] Midfielder 1995–2006, 2007 The shirt was worn by Moström during her comeback at the club during the 2007 season.
  Östers IF 6   Mario Vasilj Central Defender 2006–2018 Retired the number for six years.[42]
  Basel 2   Massimo Ceccaroni Defender 1987–2002
  FC St. Gallen 17   Marc Zellweger Defender 1994–2001, 2003–2010
  TOT-CAT 19   Chanont Wong-aree Defender 2009–2010 posthumous
  Alanyaspor 90   Josef Šural Forward 2019 posthumous[43]
  Kansas City 12   Lauren Holiday Midfielder 2013–2015
  New York Cosmos 9   Giorgio Chinaglia Striker 1976–1983 Number posthumously retired in June 2014.[44][45]
  New York Cosmos 10   Pelé Striker 1975–1977 Number retired on 1 October 1977, at halftime.[46]
  New York Red Bulls 99   Bradley Wright-Phillips Forward 2013–Present Number retired 5 August 2018.[47]
  Portland Timbers 3   Clive Charles Defender 1978–1981 Number posthumously retired 23 August 2003.[48]
  Real Salt Lake 9   Jason Kreis Midfielder/Striker 2005–2007 Retirement ceremony held on 4 July 2011.[49][50]
  Tampa Bay Rowdies 6   Mike Connell Defender 1975–1984 Number retired 10 August 2013[51]
  Tampa Bay Rowdies 12   Perry Van der Beck Midfielder 1978–1982, 1984, 1991–1993 Number retired 1 October 2010[52]
  Shakhtar Donetsk 33   Darijo Srna[53] Defender 2003-2018
  Zorya 33   Maksym Iv. Bilyi Midfielder 2010-2013 posthumous[54]
  Hoàng Anh Gia Lai 13   Kiatisuk Senamuang Striker 2001–2006
  Swansea City 40   Besian Idrizaj[55] Striker 2009–2010 posthumous

Special casesEdit

Team No. Player Pos. Career Notes
  Milan 3   Paolo Maldini Left back, Centre-back 1984–2009 The shirt was not fully retired. Maldini has given consent for his sons to adopt the number 3 shirt if either of them play professionally for the club.[11][56]
  Roma 6   Aldair Centre-back 1990–2003 The shirt number had been retired by the club when the player left the club in 2003. When Kevin Strootman joined Roma in 2013, he asked for permission to wear number 6. The club approved the request after Aldair gave his consent.[57]
  Slavia 7   Stanislav Vlček Striker 2004-2007, 2009-2013 Rather than retiring the number, the club opted to freeze the number for any future player that wants it, provided that the applying player meets 7 game achievements. Among those are scoring 3 goals overall against Sparta, being nominated for his national team, winning the trophy for top goalscorer and others. Even though Milan Škoda met the requirements in 2016-17 season, he opted to keep his number 21. The 7 was eventually given to Danny upon him joining the team for 2017-18 season. Vlček gave his consent and Danny pledged to work to meet the remaining criteria.[58]
  Argentina 10   Diego Maradona Midfielder 1979–1994 The number 10 had been retired by Argentine Football Association in October 2001 to honour Maradona. Before the 2002 World Cup, the AFA submitted a squad list of 23 players for the tournament, listed 1 through 24, with the number 10 omitted.[11] FIFA rejected Argentina's list, and the governing body's president, Sepp Blatter suggested the number 10 shirt be instead given to the team's third-choice goalkeeper, Roberto Bonano. AFA ultimately submitted a revised list with Ariel Ortega, originally listed as number 23, as the number 10.[59] The number 10 has been worn by other players since, most notably by Lionel Messi, whom Maradona considers his "successor."
  Dunfermline Athletic 4   Norrie McCathie Defender 1981–1996 The club retired the number after club captain McCathie was found dead in his home on 8 January 1996, as a result of Carbon Monoxide poisoning.[60] At that time, Scottish League clubs used shirt numbered from 1 to 11, so for the remainder of the 1995–96 season, 12 was used instead. However, the number was not retired permanently, and has been re-issued since.
  Livorno 10   Igor Protti Striker 1985–1988, 1999–2005 In December 2005, Livorno officially retired the #10 jersey. However, Protti, who led the forward line and captained his side in two promotions from Serie C1 to Serie A, quickly gaining a reputation as a fan favourite, announced his willingness to see the #10 number reissued to another player, in order to "give anybody back a dream to dress it one day." This was made effective starting from the 2007–08 season, in which Francesco Tavano played with the #10 number.[61]
  Exeter City 9   Adam Stansfield Forward 2006–2010 The club retired the number 9 for nine seasons after the striker died of cancer on 10 August 2010.[10]
  Maccabi Tel-Aviv 12   Meni Levi Defender  –2007 During a game between Maccabi Tel-Aviv and Beitar Jerusalem, Levi chest-controlled and kicked the ball, ran back to defend, then collapsed. He returned to his feet, and then collapsed a second time. He was subsequently on a life-support machine, and has since returned home. The club claims that the number 12 is unofficially reserved for the fans.[62]
  Universitario 9   Lolo Fernández Forward 1930–53 Number retired only for the 2013 season.[63]
  Leeds United 17   Massimo Cellino Chairman 2014 Leeds retired the number 17 shirt due to Italian chairman Massimo Cellino's superstitions, as 17 is considered an unlucky number in Italian culture. Number was re-issued in July 2019.
  Motherwell 10   Phil O'Donnell Midfielder 1990–1994, 2004–2007 Phil O'Donnell collapsed while playing for Motherwell against Dundee United in 2007. He was later pronounced dead at Wishaw General Hospital. The number 10 shirt was worn by his nephew David Clarkson during the 2008-09 season. Since Clarkson left in June 2009, it has not been retired, but has not been issued to any subsequent player.
  Orlando Pirates 22   Lesley Manyathela Striker 2000−2003 The club retired the number 22, after Manyathela died in a car crash in August, 2003. However, Confederation of African Football rules state that shirts must be numbered 1–30 in continental club competitions, so Pirates has been re-issued it in those special cases.
  Real Oviedo 10   Peter Dubovsky Midfielder 1995–2000 The Spanish Football League allowed Oviedo to retire number 10 just for the 2000–2001 season, as an exception to its rules. At the end of the season, number 10 was re-issued.
  Sevilla 16   Antonio Puerta Left back, Left winger 2004–2007 The shirt has not been fully retired. It was temporarily retired after Puerta died of a cardiac arrest on the first matchday in La Liga 2007–2008 However, the Spanish Football Federation rules state that clubs must use number 1 to 25 for their regular squad, and as a result, David Prieto wore the number in 2008 in honour of his friend.[64]
  Stabæk 7   Christer Basma Central defender 1995–1998 The club had retired the number to honor his services for the club. However, the retirement was revoked after 2004 season and the number given to Henning Hauger.
  Chelsea 25   Gianfranco Zola Forward 1996–2003 Chelsea have not officially retired the number 25 shirt, but it has not been allocated to another player since Zola left the club in 2003.
  Portsmouth 13   Aaron Flahavan Goalkeeper 1994–2001 Following Flahavan's death in a car accident in August 2001, Portsmouth and his first club, Southampton, retired their number 1 shirts for the 2001-02 season as a mark of respect. From the 2003-04 season, Portsmouth retired the number 13 shirt, as this was the number Flahavan wore during the majority of his time at the club. Number 13 remained unused until 2011, when it was allocated to goalkeeper Stephen Henderson, and it has been reissued since.
  LA Galaxy 13   Cobi Jones Midfielder 1996–2007 The number was not officially retired by the Galaxy but had not been worn since Jones retired. In 2017, it was given to Jermaine Jones.[65]
  Tampa Bay Rowdies 7   Steve Wegerle Forward 1977–1981, 1984, 1988–1990 Although his number had been retired by the original franchise in 1989,[66] the current team has reissued it.
  FC Haka 14   Valeri Popovitch Forward 1994–2008 First ever retired shirt number in the history of Finnish football is ex-Haka's Valeri Popovitch's number 14. Popovitch has stated that his sons, who are still playing for Haka's junior teams, can wear the legendary number if they want.[67]
  Wycombe Wanderers 14   Mark Philo Midfielder 2004–2006 Philo was killed in a car accident and the number 14 shirt retired. It was later revealed he was significantly over the drink-drive limit and his car veered on to the other side of the road, killing a 58-year-old mother of two.[68]
  Lyon 16   Luc Borrelli Goalkeeper 1998–1999 posthumous — returned to use in 2011
  Lyon 17   Marc-Vivien Foé Midfielder 2000–2003 posthumous — returned to use in 2008
  1. FC Köln 10   Lukas Podolski Winger 2002–06, 2009–12 The club had announced that the number would remain out of circulation as long as Podolski is playing football on a professional level. Nevertheless, the #10 was given to Patrick Helmes in July 2014.[69]
  Galatasaray 3   Bülent Korkmaz Central defender 1984–2005 Despite the club announcing the retirement of the number, it has been re-issued.
  Independiente Santa Fe 23   Léider Preciado Striker 1995–1998, 2000–2001, 2004–2005, 2006–2008, 2011 The number was out of circulation for a period of 23 months (starting May 2012) in honor of the second top scorer in the history of the club.[70]
  C.D. Guadalajara 11   Ramón Morales Midfielder 1998–2011, 2013– (as part of the coaching staff). The shirt was never officially retired, but it was not issued out of American competitions for the time between Morales' exit and his return as a coach. All players intending to wear the jersey have to ask for Morales' consent. It is now being worn by Jesús Aldo De Nigris since he has received Morales' approval.[71]
  Pachuca 8   Gabriel Caballero Midfielder/Forward 1998–2002, 2003–2004, 2005–2009 His number was just temporarily retired for 5 years. After that period, it was reactivated and given to Hirving Lozano in 2014.[72]
  Sagan Tosu 17   Sakata Michitaka Non-player 2001– The shirt was retired posthumously, to honour Michikata who played a key role in establishment of former Tosu Futures and their revival as Sagan Tosu, and who died due to kidney cancer on 7 January 2000. Number 17, derived from the day of his death, was selected to be retired. The number would later also be dedicated to the club's fans, thus they have not retired squad number 12 like most Japanese League teams.
  Persepolis 7   Ali Parvin[73][74][75][76] Midfielder 1970–1987 The shirt was retired after Parvin's retirement, but Parvin gave the shirt to player Hamid Estili and the shirt has since not been retired permanently.
  FC Barcelona 21   Luis Enrique Midfielder 1996–2004 Joined the club as a free agent from eternal rivals Real Madrid, and spent eight years at FC Barcelona. In his last years, he became the captain of the team. The shirt was retired for just two years (2004–06), since La Liga did not allow to retire numbers permanently. Former coach of the team. The number 21 shirt was awarded to Lilian Thuram in 2006.
  Schalke 04 7   Raúl Striker 2010–2012 At the time Raúl left the club, the team intended to retire the jersey indefinitely.[77] However, the retirement of this shirt only lasted one year; since 2013 it has been worn by Max Meyer.
  Wolverhampton Wanderers 1   Carl Ikeme Goalkeeper 2013–2018 Carl Ikeme retired from professional football before the 2018–2019 season after complete remission from acute leukaemia and the club decided to leave the jersey previously worn by Ikeme vacant[78] with newly signed Rui Patrício unusually wearing the number 11[79] and the other team goalkeepers wearing numbers ending in "1".[80][81]

Dedication to fansEdit

Some clubs dedicate a number to their fans, and do not issue it to any player. The most common number for this practice is 12, from descriptions of the fans as "the twelfth man".

In Japanese footballing tradition, almost all the professional teams retired the number 12 for their supporters. The only two teams not to retire 12 are Urawa Red Diamonds and Sagan Tosu (Sagan retired 17 for a similar reason).

Other clubs and teams include:

Notes: 1 Despite of having their number "12" retired, Brazilian clubs have had to re-issue them for CONMEBOL competitions such as Copa Libertadores, where rosters must be numbered from 1 to 25 consecutively.[84]

2 Exeter City reserve the number 12 shirt for the 'Twelfth Man' sponsor of individual games. [85]

Peterborough United retired the number 12 as a dedication to the fans.

AIK and Djurgården IF reserve the number 1 for their supporters.

Indy Eleven reserve the number 11 for their supporters.

Reading, Notts County and Bryne reserve the number 13 for their supporters, Panathinaikos reserve this number in honour of Gate 13, the ultras based in the respective gate in home matches. Norwich City also reserve the number 13 shirt for "the fans" while Shrewsbury Town reserve the number 13 shirt for the fan who wins a pre-season competition.

After their 15-point deduction, Leeds United retired the number 15 shirt for the 2007–08 season only.[86]

Bursaspor reserve the number 16 for their supporters.

AFC Bournemouth use squad number 27 for the Steve Fletcher Stand which houses the large majority of hardcore supporters, the number 50 for "12th man" and the number 99 shirt for their mascot, Cherry Bear.

Gillingham use squad number 13 for the 'Rainham End' Stand of Priestfield Stadium as this stand holds the majority of hardcore supporters.

Oldham Athletic reserve the number 40 for their fans.

Panathinaikos have reserved the number 13 in honor of Gate 13.

Levadiakos have reserved the number 10 for the club president, Giannis Kobotis.

Leicester City have reserved the number 50 for the mascot, Filbert Fox, which he wears on his shirt at every game.

APOEL have reserved the shirt number 79 in honour of PAN.SY.FI. (APOEL Ultras), to denote the year the group was founded, 1979.[87]

Rochdale retired the number 55 shirt on 13 January 2017 in honour of five-year old Joshua McCormack who lost his battle with cancer.[88]

Atlanta United reserve the number 17 for their supporters and to reference their inaugural season in Major League Soccer.[89]

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