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The Liga MX (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈliɣa ˈeme ˈekis]) is the top tier of the Mexican football league system. Currently sponsored by BBVA through its Mexican subsidiary BBVA México, it is officially known as Liga BBVA MX.[7]

Liga MX
Liga MX.svg
Organising bodyMexican Football Federation
Founded17 October 1943; 75 years ago (1943-10-17)
CountryMexico
ConfederationCONCACAF
Number of teams19
Level on pyramid1
Relegation toAscenso MX
Domestic cup(s)Copa MX
Supercopa MX
Campeón de Campeones
International cup(s)CONCACAF Champions League
Leagues Cup
Campeones Cup
Current championsUANL
(7th title)
(Clausura 2019)
Most championshipsAmérica (13 titles)
TV partnersClaro[1]
ESPN[2]
Fox Sports[3]
Grupo Imagen[4]
Televisa[5]
TV Azteca[6]
WebsiteLigaMX.net
2019–20 Liga MX season

The season has two tournaments: Apertura, which starts in the summer, and Clausura, which starts in the winter. As of 2017, the league comprises 18 clubs, with one being relegated every year (two tournaments) based upon its league performances over the previous three years. The first 8 teams in the table at the end of the regular phase of the tournament qualify to the liguilla ("mini-league", or "playoff"). Until July 2011, the league was divided into 3 tiers. The group formatting was removed in favor of a single-table format.

The league is considered the strongest in North America, and among the strongest in all of Latin America. According to the International Federation of Football History and Statistics, the league currently ranks 20th worldwide[8] and was ranked as the 10th strongest league in the first decade of the 21st century (2001–2010).[9] According to CONCACAF, the league – with an average attendance of 25,557 during the 2014–15 season – draws the largest crowds on average of any football league in the Americas and the third largest crowds of any professional sports league in North America, behind only the National Football League and Major League Baseball, and ahead of the Canadian Football League.[10] It is also the fourth most attended football league in the world behind Germany's Bundesliga, England's Premier League and Spain's La Liga.[11]

Of the 56 teams to have competed in the league, América has won the title 13 times, followed by Guadalajara (12), Toluca (10), Cruz Azul (8), León, UANL and UNAM (7), and Pachuca and Santos Laguna (6). The current league champions are UANL, who won the Clausura 2019 tournament.

Contents

HistoryEdit

Amateur eraEdit

Prior to the Liga Mayor, there was no national football league in Mexico, and football competitions were held within relatively small geographical regions. The winners of the Primera Fuerza, a local league consisting of teams near and around Mexico City, was regarded as the then national competition although there were other regional leagues, such as in Veracruz, the Jalisco and the Bajio that had talented clubs. Many club owners were keen to remain amateur although they paid players under the table. The increasing interest in football would not thwart a unified professional football system in Mexico. The professional national league was established in 1943.[12]

Professional eraEdit

The Federación Mexicana de Fútbol Asociación (F.M.F.) announcement of the nation's first professional league brought interest from many clubs to join. The F.M.F. announced that 10 clubs would form the Liga Mayor (Major League). The league was founded by six clubs from the Primera Fuerza of Mexico City, two clubs from the Liga Occidental, and two from the Liga Veracruzana.

Founding membersEdit

 
Club Asturias in 1927.
Primera Fuerza: América, Asturias, Atlante, Necaxa, and Marte.
Liga Occidental De Jalisco: Atlas and Guadalajara.
Liga Amateur de Veracruz: ADO, Veracruz and Moctezuma.

ReformationEdit

Throughout the late 1950s and early 1960s, many small clubs faced economic difficulties which were attributed to the lack of international competition by Mexico's clubs and an unrewarding league format. Like many South American and European clubs, Mexico's clubs that placed high in the league standings could not afford to participate in prestigious international tournaments, such as the Copa Libertadores.

The Mexican league boomEdit

The 1970 World Cup held in Mexico was the first World Cup televised on a grand scale. The season following the FIFA World Cup, the F.M.F. changed the league format and established a playoff phase to determine the national champion. This was done to regenerate interest and reward teams that placed fairly high in the standings.

The play-off, called the Liguilla, was played using various formats to determine the champion. The most common format was a straight knock-out between the top eight teams in the table. At other times the league was divided into groups with the top two in each group, often as well as the best 3rd placed teams, qualifying for the play-offs and in some seasons the play-offs themselves involved teams playing in groups with the group winners playing off for the title.. The format was changed from season to season to accommodate international club commitments and the schedule of the Mexico national team.

The change in the rules affected teams that traditionally dominated the table, as talented teams that had not performed well in the regular season were able to perform successfully in the play-offs (Cruz Azul in the 1970s, América in the 1980s, and Toluca in the 2000s).

Liga MXEdit

Prior to the start of the 2012–13 season, the organization LIGA MX / ASCENSO MX was created to replace the Mexican Football Federation as the organizing body of the competition. The league also announced a rebranding, with the introduction of a new logo.[13]

On 20 August 2018, it was announced that Liga MX would begin testing the use of video assistant referee technology.[14] The initial test run will be conducted during under-20 matches played inside senior league stadiums, with live testing across senior Liga MX matches to take place during weeks 13 and 14 of the Apertura tournament. The league will, however, still need final approval from FIFA to fully implement the technology.[15]

Competition formatEdit

Regular season tournamentsEdit

Liga MX uses a single table of 18 teams that play two annual tournaments resulting in two champions per season. The season opens with the apertura tournament (opening tournament- running from July to December) followed by the clausura (closing - running from January to May). This format matches other Latin American schedules and correspond with FIFA's world footballing calendar, which "opens" in July/August and "closes" in April/May of the next year. The top eight teams progress to the liguilla for each tournament. If one of those teams is in last place in the league's relegation table (see below), that team is replaced by the team that finished ninth in the tournament.

From 1996 to 2002, the league followed a two-tournament schedule with invierno (winter) and verano (summer) tournaments but from 2002 to 2011 the 18 teams were divided into three groups of six with the top two teams from each group and the two best third place teams qualified for the liguilla. The teams played in the same group for each tournament. The qualification phase of the tournament lasted 17 weeks, with all teams playing each other once per tournament in a home and away series over both tournaments.

Playoffs (liguilla)Edit

The liguilla (Spanish for "little league") is the play-off phase of the tournament. This phase starts with eight qualifying teams playing two-legged ties with the winner on aggregate-score progressing. The Champion team is awarded the First division trophy, and the runner up is awarded a smaller version of the trophy. The birth of La liguilla in 1970 modernized the league despite the disagreements between the traditionalists and the modernists. Clubs that were near bankruptcy were now better able to compete and generate profits.

RelegationEdit

At the end of a season, after the Apertura and Clausura tournaments, one team is relegated to the next lower division, Ascenso MX, and one team from that division is promoted and takes the place left open by the relegated team. Currently, the relegated team is determined by computing the points-per-game-played ratio for each team, considering all the games played by the team during the last three seasons (six tournaments). The team with the lowest ratio is relegated; if the team that is in last place in relegation table is among the eight teams qualifying for the Liguilla at the end of a tournament, the ninth-place team qualifies for the Liguilla instead. For teams recently promoted, only the games played since their promotion are considered (two or four tournaments). The team promoted from Ascenso MX is the winner of a two-leg match between the champions of the Apertura and Clausura tournaments of that division. If a team becomes the champion in both tournaments, it is automatically promoted.

Prior to the start of the 2017–18 season, the rules for relegation and promotion changed: if a team wins promotion but does not meet certain Liga MX requirements (e.g. stadium infrastructure and a youth team) the relegated Liga MX team of that season will be obligated to pay the prize money to the Ascenso MX team (MXN$120 million) for winning the promotion playoff, which should be utilized to fulfill necessary requirements for promotion within the next season, and remain in Ascenso MX,[16] and the relegated Liga MX team will remain in the first division. However, if the relegated Liga MX team cannot distribute the prize money to the promoted Ascenso MX team, both teams will lose their right to play in Liga MX and must play in Ascenso MX the following season.[17]

As of the 2018–19 season, only six teams meet full requirements to be promoted to Liga MX, those teams being Atlético San Luis, Atlante, Celaya, Juárez, Sinaloa, and UdeG.[18]

CONCACAF Champions League QualificationEdit

Each year, four teams from Liga MX qualify for the CONCACAF Champions League, the premier North American club competition. Generally, the Apertura and Clausura champions and the Apertura and Clausura runners-up qualify, and are placed in Pot 3. Should one or more teams reach the finals of both tournaments, Liga MX has implemented a formula for ensuring that two teams that qualify via the Apertura and two teams qualify via the Clausura:[19]

  • If the same two teams qualify for the finals of both tournaments, those two teams will qualify along with the non-finalists with the best record in both the Apertura and Clausura.
  • If the same team wins both the Apertura and the Clausura (facing two different teams in the finals of each tournament), then the berth reserved for the Clausura champions is passed to the Clausura runners-up and the berth reserved for the Clausura runners-up is passed to the non-finalists with best record in the Clausura. This occurred most recently in the 2013–14 season (2014–15 CONCACAF Champions League) when León (2013 Apertura and 2014 Clausura champions) and Pachuca (2014 Clausura runners-up) were placed in Pot A, while América (2013 Apertura runners-up) and Cruz Azul (non-finalists with the best record in the 2014 Clausura) were placed in Pot B (at the time, the champions and runners-up were placed in different pots).
  • If the Apertura runners-up win the Clausura (facing two different teams in the finals of each tournament), then the berth reserved for the Apertura runners-up is passed to the non-finalists with best record in the Apertura. This occurred most recently in the 2011–12 season (2012–13 CONCACAF Champions League) when UANL (2011 Apertura champions) and Santos Laguna (2011 Apertura runners-up and 2012 Clausura champions) were placed in Pot A, while Guadalajara (non-finalists with the best record in the 2011 Apertura) and Monterrey (2012 Clausura runners-up) were placed in Pot B (again, at the time, the champions and runners-up were placed in different pots).
  • If the Apertura champions are runners-up of the Clausura (facing two different teams in the finals of each tournament), then the berth reserved for the Clausura runners-up is passed to the non-finalists with best record in the Clausura. This has not happened since Liga MX began using this qualification procedure.

Previous Qualification TournamentsEdit

Campeonato Centroamericano (1959), Copa Interamericana (1968–91), CONCACAF Cup Winners Cup (1991–98), CONCACAF Giants Cup 2001, Interliga (2004–10), Copa Sudamericana (2005-08), and SuperLiga (2007–10), Copa Libertadores (1998-2015)

TeamsEdit

2019–20 seasonEdit

The following 19 clubs will compete in the Liga MX during the 2019–20 season.

Team Position in
2018–19
First season in
top division
Seasons
in top
division
First season of
current spell in
top division
Consecutive
Seasons
in Liga MX
Top
division
titles
Last top
division title
América 3 1943–44 101 1943–44 101 13 Apertura 2018
Atlas 17 1943–44 98 1979–80 64 1 1950/51
Atlético San Luis Ascenso MX 2019–20 0 2019–20 0 0(Due to being newly added to Liga MX this season) -
Cruz Azul 2 1964–65 80 1964–65 80 8 Invierno 1997
Guadalajara 14 1943–44 101 1943–44 101 12 Clausura 2017
Juárez Ascenso MX 2019–20 0 2019–20 0 0(Due to being newly added to Liga MX this season) -
León 5 1944–45 77 2012–13 6 7 Clausura 2014
Monterrey 4 1945–46 86 1960–61 84 4 Apertura 2010
Morelia 15 1957–58 73 1981–82 62 1 Invierno 2000
Necaxa 12 1951-52 71 2015–16 6 3 Invierno 1998
Pachuca 6 1967–68 53 1998–99 42 6 Clausura 2016
Puebla 11 1944–45 81 2007–08 24 2 1989/90
Querétaro 16 1990–91 30 2009–10 20 0 -
Santos Laguna 7 1988–89 54 1988–89 54 6 Clausura 2018
Tijuana 10 2011–12 16 2011–12 16 1 Apertura 2012
Toluca 8 1953–54 83 1953–54 83 10 Bicentenario 2010
UANL 1 1974–75 67 1997–98 44 7 Clausura 2019
UNAM 9 1962–63 82 1962–63 82 7 Clausura 2011
Veracruz 18 1943–44 61 2013–14 12 2 1949/50

ChampionsEdit

Club Winners Runners-up Winning years
América 13 9 1965–66, 1970–71, 1975–76, 1983–84, 1984–85, Prode '85, 1987–88, 1988–89, Verano 2002, Clausura 2005, Clausura 2013, Apertura 2014, Apertura 2018
Guadalajara 12 9 1956–57, 1958–59, 1959–60, 1960–61, 1961–62, 1963–64, 1964–65, 1969–70, 1986–87, Verano 1997, Apertura 2006, Clausura 2017
Toluca 10 7 1966–67, 1967–68, 1974–75, Verano 1998, Verano 1999, Verano 2000, Apertura 2002, Apertura 2005, Apertura 2008, Bicentenario 2010
Cruz Azul 8 11 1968–69, 1970, 1971–72, 1972–73, 1973–74, 1978–79, 1979–80, Invierno 1997
UNAM 7 7 1976–77, 1980–81, 1990–91, Clausura 2004, Apertura 2004, Clausura 2009, Clausura 2011
León 7 6 1947–48, 1948–49, 1951–52, 1955–56, 1991–92, Apertura 2013, Clausura 2014
UANL 7 5 1977–78, 1981–82, Apertura 2011, Apertura 2015, Apertura 2016, Apertura 2017, Clausura 2019
Santos Laguna 6 5 Invierno 1996, Verano 2001, Clausura 2008, Clausura 2012, Clausura 2015, Clausura 2018
Pachuca 6 3 Invierno 1999, Invierno 2001, Apertura 2003, Clausura 2006, Clausura 2007, Clausura 2016
Monterrey 4 6 Mexico '86, Clausura 2003, Apertura 2009, Apertura 2010
Atlante 3 4 1946–47, 1992–93, Apertura 2007
Necaxa 3 3 1994–95, 1995–96, Invierno 1998
Puebla 2 2 1982–83, 1989–90
Zacatepec 2 1 1954–55, 1957–58
Veracruz 2 0 1945–46, 1949–50
Oro ††† 1 5 1962–63
Morelia 1 3 Invierno 2000
Atlas 1 3 1950–51
Tampico Madero 1 2 1952–53
Tecos †† 1 1 1993–94
Real España †††† 1 1 1944–45
Tijuana 1 0 Apertura 2012
Asturias †††† 1 0 1943–44
Marte †††† 1 0 1953–54
UdeG 0 3
Querétaro 0 1
Toros Neza †††† 0 1
Atlético Celaya 0 1
Atlético Español †††† 0 1
San Luis †††† 0 1

† Teams currently in the Ascenso MX
†† Teams currently in the Liga Premier
††† Teams currently in the Amateur Levels
†††† Defunct teams

Stadiums and locationsEdit

Media coverageEdit

In theory, all First Division clubs have the right to sell their own broadcast rights. In practice, however, the league is divided between teams broadcast on Televisa, TV Azteca, Imagen Televisión, Claro Sports, Fox Sports, and ESPN in México. ESPN Deportes, Fox Deportes, and Univision have the rights in the United States, with FS1/FS2 airing select matches with English commentary.

In previous years, when a team was relegated, the team that was promoted could only negotiate with the company holding the television rights of the relegated team. This agreement was canceled by Liga MX in 2012 when the promotion of Club León caused a television rights dispute with Televisa.[39] Currently, Club León matches are broadcast in Mexico by Fox Sports and other online media sites, and in the United States by Univision (Telemundo from 2013–16).[40]

Telelatino and Fox Sports World hold broadcasting rights in Canada; Fox Sports is the only network that holds rights to broadcast selected matches in United States and South America. Additionally, Televisa-owned networks Sky Sports and TDN hold exclusive broadcasting rights over selected matches throughout the regular season, although the majority of the most important ones are broadcast live on the national networks.

Most of the Saturday afternoon and evening matches broadcast by Televisa are shown primarily on Gala TV, though Saturday games played by Televisa's club America, are broadcast on Televisa's flagship network, Canal de las Estrellas. However, a blackout policy is usually applied in selected markets where affiliates are forced to air alternate programming during the matches, Sunday noon and afternoon games broadcast by Televisa are shown on Canal de las Estrellas. All of the games broadcast by TV Azteca on Saturday and Sunday are shown on Azteca 13; Friday's matches however are shown on Azteca 7. Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday (known in Mexico as Fecha Doble or Double Date) matches picked by the national networks are shown on Canal 5 and Azteca 7 and the rest of the matches air on Sky Sports and TDN.

A recent rule, in effect since 2011, requires teams to play the final game of every season on Sunday during prime time, regardless of whether the team used to play local games in another timeslot, in order to capture more television audience during the game.

For the Apertura 2016, and the majority of the Clausura 2017, Guadalajara home matches in Mexico were not shown on over-the-air television or cable and satellite operators. Instead, they were exclusively shown on an internet streaming service called Chivas TV. As of April 8, 2017, the matches are shown on both Televisa's Televisa Deportes Network (TDN) and Chivas TV.

On February 13, 2017, it was announced Univision Deportes would live stream 46 games in English on Facebook in the United States.[41]

After the Clausura 2017 season, Azteca América sold the rights of the Atlas, Morelia, Tijuana, and Veracruz matches to Univision. The network then held the rights of 17 of the 18 clubs, only missing recently promoted Lobos BUAP. In September 2017, Univision began airing Lobos BUAP's home matches, thus holding the rights to all 18 Liga MX teams through the end of the Clausura 2018 season.

In July 2017, Televisión Nacional de Chile (TVN) announced it would show Liga MX matches involving Chilean players in Chile.[42]

In Japan, Liga MX will be broadcast on Fuji TV.[43] León and Pachuca's home matches will be broadcast on Fox Sports Asia

In October 2017, Fox Sports announced that it acquired the long-term exclusive Spanish-language rights to Tijuana and Santos Laguna home matches in the United States, Mexico, and the rest of Latin America starting in the Apertura 2018 and Apertura 2019 respectively, thus ending Univision's monopoly.[44] The matches air on Fox Deportes in the United States and Fox Sports Latin America in Mexico and the rest of Latin America.[44]

On May 26, 2018, Fox Sports announced it acquired the rights of C.F. Monterrey's home matches in the United States and Latin America.[45] The network announced the matches would be shown in the United States on Fox Deportes in Spanish as well as the Fox Sports family of networks in English.[45]

As of the Apertura 2019 season, via a sublicense agreement with Univision, ESPN Deportes airs the majority of León, Necaxa, Pachuca, Querétaro, and UANL regular season home matches in the United States. The network also airs at least one home match of nine other clubs.[46] Televisa also sublicenses one match per week to ESPN in Mexico and Central America.[47]

Television home matches broadcast rightsEdit

Team Mexico Broadcaster U.S. Broadcaster Day Time[1]
América Televisa Univision[ESPN] Saturday 7:00 PM
Atlas Fox Sports / TV Azteca Univision Friday 9:00 PM
Atlético San Luis ESPN TBA Saturday 5:00 PM
Cruz Azul Televisa Univision[ESPN] Saturday 7:00 PM
Guadalajara Chivas TV[Note 1]
Multimedios[Note 2]
Televisa
TV Azteca
Chivas TV[Note 5] Saturday 9:06 PM
Juárez Televisa Univision Sunday 6:00 PM[1]
León Fox Sports / Claro ESPN Deportes / Univision Saturday 7:06 PM
Monterrey Fox Sports Fox Sports[Note 3][ESPN] Saturday 9:00 PM
Morelia TV Azteca Univision[ESPN] Friday 7:00 PM
Necaxa Televisa ESPN Deportes / Univision Saturday 9:00 PM
Pachuca Fox Sports / Claro ESPN Deportes / Univision Saturday 7:06 PM
Puebla TV Azteca Univision[ESPN] Friday 9:00 PM
Querétaro Fox Sports / Grupo Imagen ESPN Deportes / Univision Saturday 5:00 PM
Santos Laguna Fox Sports Fox Sports[Note 3][ESPN] Sunday 6:50 PM
Tijuana Fox Sports Fox Sports[Note 3][ESPN] Saturday 7:00 PM[1]
Toluca Televisa Univision[ESPN] Sunday 12:00 PM
UANL Televisa ESPN Deportes / Univision Saturday 7:00 PM
UNAM Televisa Univision Sunday 12:00 PM
Veracruz TV Azteca Univision[ESPN] Friday 7:00 PM
  1. ^ For the Apertura 2016 and the majority of the Clausura 2017, Guadalajara home matches in Mexico were not shown on over-the-air television or cable and satellite operators, instead they exclusively were shown on an internet streaming service called Chivas TV. As of April 8, 2017, the matches are shown on both Televisa's Televisa Deportes Network (TDN) and Chivas TV.
  2. ^ Matches only air in Guadalajara (XHTDJA-TDT), Monterrey, Saltillo (both XHAW-TDT) and Torreón (XHOAH-TDT)[48]
  3. ^ Matches are shown on Fox Deportes in Spanish as well as the Fox Sports family of networks (FS1, FS2, Fox Soccer Plus) in English.
  4. ^ ESPN Deportes will show at least one home match
  5. ^ All match times are UTC−06:00 except for matches in Ciudad Juárez (UTC−07:00) and Tijuana (UTC−08:00).
  6. ^ While no agreement has been reached with a broadcaster to air Guadalajara home matches in the United States, Chivas TV, in the meantime, has offered to stream Chivas matches for free through social media.[49]

SponsorshipEdit

 
BBVA Bancomer was named the league's official sponsor in 2013.

Up until its rebranding in 2012, the Liga MX did not have a title sponsor. In July 2013, league president Decio de María announced BBVA México as the official sponsor, with the goal of modernizing the league's image. De María also stated that the money generated from the sponsorship would be divided among the 18 clubs and to be invested in each club's youth teams.[50] On 18 September 2015, the sponsorship deal was extended until 2019.[51] On June 18, 2019, the league was renamed as Liga BBVA MX, adopting the new identity of the sponsor.[52] On July 4, 2019, the sponsorship contract with BBVA was renewed until 2021.[53]

Since 1986, Voit has been the official match ball manufacturer. In 2014, the contract was extended for four years.[54]

ManagersEdit

The current managers in the Liga MX are:

Nat. Name Team Appointed Time as manager
  Ricardo Ferretti UANL 20 May 2010 9 years, 90 days
  Miguel Herrera América 26 May 2017 2 years, 84 days
  Pedro Caixinha Cruz Azul 5 December 2017 1 year, 256 days
  Alfonso Sosa Atlético San Luis 19 February 2018 1 year, 180 days
  Diego Alonso Monterrey 18 May 2018 1 year, 92 days
  Gabriel Caballero Juárez 4 June 2018 1 year, 75 days
  Ignacio Ambríz León 18 September 2018 334 days
  Óscar Pareja Tijuana 27 November 2018 264 days
  Guillermo Vázquez Necaxa 29 November 2018 262 days
  Martín Palermo Pachuca 21 January 2019 209 days
  Víctor Manuel Vucetich Querétaro 18 February 2019 181 days
  Javier Torrente Morelia 28 February 2019 171 days
  Ricardo La Volpe Toluca 4 March 2019 167 days
  Leandro Cufré Atlas 11 March 2019 160 days
  Tomás Boy Guadalajara 10 April 2019 130 days
  Guillermo Almada Santos Laguna 11 April 2019 129 days
  Míchel González UNAM 16 May 2019 94 days
  Enrique Meza Veracruz 4 June 2019 75 days
  Octavio Becerril Puebla 17 August 2019 1 day

Player recordsEdit

Most appearancesEdit

Rank Player Appearances
1   Óscar Pérez 740
2   Oswaldo Sanchez 725
3   Benjamín Galindo 700
4   Rodrigo Ruiz 638
5   Adolfo Ríos 635
6   Juan Pablo Rodríguez 634
7   Miguel España 631
8   Alfonso Sosa 610
9   Cristóbal Ortega 608
10   Israel López 604
Italics denotes players still playing professional football.
Bold denotes players still playing in the Liga MX.

Most goalsEdit

Rank Nat Name Years Goals Apps Ratio
1   Evanivaldo Castro 1974–1987 312 427 0.73
2   Carlos Hermosillo 1984–2001 294 539 0.55
3   Jared Borgetti 1994–2010 252 475 0.63
4   José Cardozo 1994–2005 249 332 0.75
5   Horacio Casarín 1936–1957 238 326 0.73
6   Osvaldo Castro 1971–1984 214 398 0.54
7   Luis Roberto Alves 1986–2003 209 577 0.36
8   Adalberto López 1942–1955 201 231 0.87
9   Carlos Eloir Perucci 1972–1984 199 398 0.5
10   Sergio Lira 1978–1996 191 564 0.34
Italics denotes players still playing professional football.
Bold denotes players still playing in the Liga MX.

Promotion and relegationEdit

Relegation and Promotion by Club
Club Promotions Relegations
Zacatepec 5 (1950–51, 1962–63, 1969–70, 1977–78, 1983–84) 5 (1961–62, 1965–66, 1976–77, 1982–83, 1984–85)
Querétaro 4 (México '86, 1989–90, 2005–06, 2009–10) 3 (1993–94, 2006–07, 2012–13*)
Pachuca 4 (1966–67, 1991–92, 1995–96, 1997–98) 3 (1972–73, 1992–93, 1996–97)
Irapuato 4 (1953–54, 1984–85, 1999–00*, 2002–03) 2 (1971–72, 1990–91)
Atlas 3 (1954–55, 1971–72, 1978–79) 3 (1953–54, 1970–71, 1977–78)
San Luis 3 (1970–71, 2001–02, 2004–05) 2 (1973–74, 2002–03)
Puebla 3 (1969–70, 1998–99, 2006–07) 2 (1998–99, 2004–05)
Unión de Curtidores 2 (1982–83, 1998–99*) 2 (1980–81, 1983–84)
Veracruz 2 (1963–64, 2001–02) 5 (1951–52, 1978–79, 1997–98, 2007–08, 2018–19)
Real Zamora 2 (1954–55, 1956–57) 2 (1955–56, 1959–60)
Tampico Madero 2 (1964–65, 1972–73) 2 (1966–67, 1974–75)
Atlante 2 (1976–77, 1990–91) 3 (1975–76, 1989–90, 2013–14)
Monterrey 2 (1955–56,1959–60) 1 (1956–57)
Morelia 2 (1956–57, 1980–81) 1 (1967–68)
UANL 2 (1973–74, 1996–97*) 1 (1995–96)
León 2 (1989–90, 2011–12) 2 (1986–87, 2001–02)
Sinaloa 2 (2004–05, 2014–15) 2 (2005–06, 2015–16)
La Piedad 2 (2000–01, 2012–13*) -
Necaxa 2 (2009–10*, 2015–16) 2 (2008–09, 2010–11)
UAT 1 (1986–87) 1 (1994–95)
Atlético Potosino 1 (1974–75) 1 (1988–89)
Indios de Ciudad Juárez 1 (2007–08) 1 (2009–10)
Toros Neza 1 (1988–89) 1 (1999–00)
Tecos 1 (1974–75) 1 (2011–12)
Tijuana 1 (2010–11) -
UdeG 1 (2013–14) 1 (2014–15)
BUAP 1 (2016–17) 1 (2017–18*)
Oro - 1 (1979–80)
Chiapas - 1 (2016–17)
Tapachula 1 (2017–18*) -
Atlético San Luis 1 (2018–19) -

Notes:

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ includes Claro Sports
  2. ^ includes ESPN 2
  3. ^ includes Fox Sports 2
  4. ^ includes Imagen Televisión
  5. ^ Includes Canal 5, Gala TV, Las Estrellas, Sky México, TDN and Univisión TDN
  6. ^ includes Azteca 7 and Azteca Uno
  7. ^ "Liga MX hace oficial su cambio de nombre y logo". Mediotiempo (in Spanish). 18 June 2019. Retrieved 21 June 2019.
  8. ^ "Liga MX pierde y cae del lugar 11 al 20 a nivel mundial, según IFFHS". IFFHS. International Federation of Football History and Statistics. 16 January 2018. Retrieved 6 September 2018.
  9. ^ "The strongest Leagues in the World in the first Decade of 21st Century (2001-2010)". IFFHS. Retrieved 2013-06-29.
  10. ^ "A quick primer on Mexico's Liga MX". Media Life Magazine. Retrieved 28 January 2016.
  11. ^ "Best attended domestic sports leagues in the world". sportingintelligence. Retrieved 2017-06-19.
  12. ^ "Historia del futbol en México". Femexfut. Retrieved 2009-07-29.
  13. ^ "Corporativo" (in Spanish). Liga MX. Archived from the original on 19 March 2016.
  14. ^ "Liga MX to run VAR test at U-20 games, senior games starting Week 13". SBNation. Retrieved 20 August 2018.
  15. ^ "Liga MX tendrá VAR en jornadas 13 y 14 del Apertura 2018" [Liga MX will have VAR during weeks 13 and 14 of the Apertura 2018]. La Afición (in Spanish). Milenio. Retrieved 20 August 2018.
  16. ^ "Ascenso Bancomer MX Informa". www.ascensomx.net (in Spanish). 20 July 2017. Retrieved 2 August 2017.
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External linksEdit