International Federation of Football History & Statistics

The International Federation of Football History & Statistics (IFFHS) is an organization that chronicles the history and records of association football.[2][3][4] It was founded on 27 March 1984 in Leipzig by Alfredo Pöge with the blessings of general secretary of the FIFA at the time, Helmut Käser.[2] The IFFHS was based at Al-Muroor Street 147, Abu Dhabi for some time but, in 2010, relocated to Bonn, Germany, and then in 2014 to Zurich.[5]

International Federation of Football History & Statistics
IFFHS (logo).png
Formation1984
HeadquartersZurich, Switzerland
Official language
English, French, Spanish, German
President
Saleh Salem Bahwini[1]
Websiteiffhs.de

During its early stages, and until 2002, the IFFHS concentrated on publishing the quarterly magazines Fußball-Weltzeitschrift, Libero spezial deutsch and Libero international.[6] When these had to be discontinued for reasons which were not officially told, the organization published its material in a series of multi-lingual books in co-operation with sponsors.[7] The statistical organization has now confined its publishing activities to its website, receiving support from FIFA,[7] organization that recognise the IFFHS and its work[4][7] although the latter has no affiliation with the football's governing body.[8]

From 2020, a Top XI for every continental confederation is revealed, as well as the best player for every continental confederation.

Club World RankingEdit

Since 1991, the entity has produced a monthly Club World Ranking.

The ranking takes into consideration the results of twelve months of continental and intercontinental competitions, national league matches (including play-offs) and the most important national cup (excluding points won before the round of 16).

All countries are rated at four levels based upon the national league performance—clubs in the highest level leagues receive 4 points for each match won, 2 for a draw and 0 for a defeat. Level 2 is assigned 3 pts. (win), 1.5 (draw) and 0 (lost), and so on with the next lower levels.

In continental competitions, all clubs receive the same number of points at all stages regardless of the performance level of their leagues. However, the UEFA Champions League and the Copa Libertadores yield more points than UEFA Europa League and Copa Sudamericana, respectively. The point assignment system is still lower for the AFC, CAF, CONCACAF and OFC continental tournaments. Competitions between two continents are evaluated depending upon their importance. Competitions not organized by a continental confederation, or any intercontinental events not recognized by FIFA, are not taken into consideration.

CriteriaEdit

Criteria for national competitions:[9]
Competition Points for a win Points for a draw
National Leagues in Level 1 4.00 2.00
National Leagues in Level 2 3.00 1.50
National Leagues in Level 3 2.00 1.00
National Leagues in Level 4 1.00 0.50
Criteria for international competitions:[9]
Competition Points for a win Points for a draw
UEFA Champions League 14.0 7.0
UEFA Europa League 12.0 6.0
Copa Libertadores 14.0 7.0
Copa Sudamericana 12.0 6.0
CAF Champions League 9.0 4.5
CAF Cup 7.0 3.5
AFC Champions League 9.0 4.5
AFC Cup 7.0 3.5
CONCACAF Champions League 9.0 4.5
OFC Champions League 5.0 2.5
FIFA Club World Cup (semi-finals) 14.0 7.0
FIFA Club World Cup (final)[10] 21.0 10.5

Current rankingEdit

Last updated: 21 January 2020[11]

Top 10
(Club World Ranking 2019)
Pos. Team Confederation Points
1   Liverpool UEFA 316.0
2   Barcelona UEFA 293.0
3   Manchester City UEFA 284.0
4   Flamengo CONMEBOL 275.0
5   Celtic UEFA 269.0
6   Valencia UEFA 268.0
7   Ajax UEFA 249.5
8   Chelsea UEFA 249.0
9   Paris Saint-Germain UEFA 243.0
10   Wolverhampton Wanderers UEFA 236.0

The World's Club Team of the YearEdit

The following table shows the clubs that finished top of the ranking for each year since 1991:[12]

The IFFHS recognised these clubs as The World's Club Team of the Year and were awarded with a golden trophy and a certificate during the World Football Gala.[12]

The World's Club Team of the DecadeEdit

In 2012, the IFFHS recognised Barcelona as the World's Best Club Team of the Decade for the first decade of the 21st century (2001–2010).[40]

Continental Clubs of the 20th centuryEdit

In 2009, the IFFHS released the results of a statistical study which determined the best continental clubs of the 20th century.[41] The ranking did not consider the performance of the teams in national football tournaments (except in the Oceania's club ranking due to limited editions held under OFC club competitions), the performance in the intercontinental or worldwide club competitions or those submitted in the IFFHS Club World Ranking, available since 1991.[42]

Based on this statistical study series, the below six clubs were named as "continental clubs of the century" by the IFFHS between 10 September and 13 October 2009. These clubs were awarded with a golden trophy and a certificate during the World Football Gala celebrated at Fulham, London, on 11 May 2010.[43][44]

Region Team
Europe   Real Madrid
South America   Peñarol
Africa   Asante Kotoko
Asia   Al-Hilal
CONCACAF   Saprissa
Oceania   South Melbourne

IFFHS Top 200 European clubs of the 20th centuryEdit

IFFHS Strongest National League in the WorldEdit

Men's leagueEdit

Year League Full ranking
1991 Italy
1992 Italy
1993 Italy
1994 Italy
1995 Italy
1996 Italy
1997 Germany
1998 Italy
1999 Italy
2000 Spain
2001 Spain
2002 Spain
2003 Italy
2004 Spain
2005 England
2006 Italy
2007 England
2008 England
2009 England
2010 Spain
2001–2010 England Link
2011 Spain
2012 Spain
2013 Spain Link
2014 Spain Link
2015 Spain Link
2016 Spain[45] Link
2017 Spain[46] Link
2018 Spain Link
2019 England[47] Link
2020 Italy

Women's leagueEdit

Year League Full ranking
2020 England[49]

IFFHS World's Best Club CoachEdit

IFFHS World's Best National CoachEdit

IFFHS World's Best Man GoalkeeperEdit

IFFHS World's Best Top Goal ScorerEdit

Year Player(s) Club(s)
2020   Robert Lewandowski[50]   Bayern Munich

IFFHS World's Best Top Division Goal ScorerEdit

 
Lionel Messi has won a record eleven IFFHS awards, more than any other player in history. He is also the only player in history to win a IFFHS award in four different categories: World's Best International Top Goalscorer, World's Best Top Division Goalscorer, World's Best Playmaker and Conmebol's Best Man Player.[51]

This award is given to the player who scores the most goals in a league season in any of the top 60 leagues in the world (as ranked by IFFHS for that given year).

Year Player(s) Club(s)
1997   Hakan Şükür   Galatasaray
1998   Iván Kaviedes   Emelec
1999   Mário Jardel   Porto
2000   Mário Jardel   Porto
2001   José Alfredo Castillo   Oriente Petrolero
2002   Joaquín Botero   Club Bolívar
2003   José Cardozo   Toluca
2004   Patricio Galaz   Cobreloa
2005   Araújo   Gamba Osaka
2006   Klaas-Jan Huntelaar   Ajax
2007   Trésor Mputu   Mazembe
2008   Lucas Barrios   Colo-Colo
2009   Marc Janko   Red Bull Salzburg
2010   Luis Suárez   Ajax
2011   Aleksandrs Čekulajevs   Narva Trans
2012   Lionel Messi   Barcelona
2013   Lionel Messi   Barcelona
2014   Cristiano Ronaldo
  Luis Suárez
  Real Madrid
  Liverpool
2015   Cristiano Ronaldo   Real Madrid
2016   Luis Suárez   Barcelona
2017   Lionel Messi[52]   Barcelona
2018   Lionel Messi
  Jonas[53]
  Barcelona
  Benfica
2019   Baghdad Bounedjah[54]   Al Sadd
2020   Cristiano Ronaldo[55]   Juventus

IFFHS World's Best International Goal ScorerEdit

IFFHS World's Most Effective Top Division Goal Scorer of the YearEdit

Year Player Club(s)
1997   Hakan Şükür   Galatasaray
1998   Masashi Nakayama   Júbilo Iwata
1999   Mário Jardel   Porto
2000   Hamzah Idris   Al Ittihad
2001   Romário   Vasco da Gama
2002   Mário Jardel   Sporting CP
2003   José Cardozo   Toluca
2004   Shuhrat Mirkholdirshoev   Navbahor Namangan

IFFHS World's Best Man PlaymakerEdit

 
Spanish playmaker Xavi has won the joint most awards (alongside Lionel Messi), with a record four consecutive wins between 2008 and 2011.
 
Argentine attacking midfielder Lionel Messi is the joint record winner (alongside Xavi) of this award with four wins overall.

The IFFHS World's Best Playmaker is a footballing award which, since 2006, is given annually to the best playmaker of the year, as chosen by the International Federation of Football History & Statistics (IFFHS).[48]

 
France's Zinedine Zidane was the first ever winner of the award, in 2006.

The award is awarded at the end of the year at the World Football Gala: the winning playmaker is awarded a gold trophy. Argentina's Lionel Messi and Spain's Xavi have won the award a record four times each (Xavi four consecutive times), and Spanish compatriot Andrés Iniesta has won the award two times. Barcelona is the club with the most wins, with ten in total.

Year Player Club(s)
2006   Zinedine Zidane   Real Madrid
2007   Kaká   Milan
2008   Xavi   Barcelona
2009   Xavi   Barcelona
2010   Xavi   Barcelona
2011   Xavi   Barcelona
2012   Andrés Iniesta   Barcelona
2013   Andrés Iniesta   Barcelona
2014   Toni Kroos   Bayern Munich
  Real Madrid
2015   Lionel Messi   Barcelona
2016   Lionel Messi   Barcelona
2017   Lionel Messi   Barcelona
2018   Luka Modrić   Real Madrid
2019   Lionel Messi[57]   Barcelona
2020   Kevin De Bruyne[58]   Manchester City

IFFHS World's Best Man PlayerEdit

From 1991 until 2009, FIFA continued this distinction named "FIFA World Player of the Year"; this award was later replaced by the FIFA Ballon d'Or in 2010, and The Best FIFA Men's Player in 2016.

Year Player Club(s)
1988   Marco van Basten   Milan
1989   Marco van Basten   Milan
1990   Lothar Matthäus   Inter Milan
2020   Robert Lewandowski[59]   Bayern Munich

IFFHS Asian Footballer of the YearEdit

IFFHS Men's World TeamEdit

In 2017, IFFHS started to nominate a world team of the year.[60]

Year Goalkeeper Defenders Midfielders Forwards
2017[60]   Gianluigi Buffon (Juventus)   Marcelo (Real Madrid)
  Sergio Ramos (Real Madrid)
  Leonardo Bonucci (Juventus/Milan)
  Dani Alves (Juventus/Paris Saint-Germain)
  Luka Modrić (Real Madrid)
  Toni Kroos (Real Madrid)
  Kevin De Bruyne (Manchester City)
  Neymar (Barcelona/Paris Saint-Germain)
  Cristiano Ronaldo (Real Madrid)
  Lionel Messi (Barcelona)

Coach:   Zinedine Zidane (Real Madrid)

Season Goalkeeper Defenders Midfielders Forwards
2018[61]   Thibaut Courtois (Chelsea/Real Madrid)   Marcelo (Real Madrid)
  Sergio Ramos (Real Madrid)
  Raphaël Varane (Real Madrid)
  Diego Godín (Atlético Madrid)
  Luka Modrić (Real Madrid)
  Eden Hazard (Chelsea)
  Antoine Griezmann (Atlético Madrid)
  Kylian Mbappé (Paris Saint-Germain)
  Cristiano Ronaldo (Real Madrid/Juventus)
  Lionel Messi (Barcelona)

Coach:   Didier Deschamps (France)

Season Goalkeeper Defenders Midfielders Forwards
2019[62]   Alisson (Liverpool)   Matthijs de Ligt (Ajax/Juventus)
  Sergio Ramos (Real Madrid)
  Virgil van Dijk (Liverpool)
  Trent Alexander-Arnold (Liverpool)
  Kevin De Bruyne (Manchester City)
  Frenkie de Jong (Ajax/Barcelona)
  Bernardo Silva (Manchester City)
  Sadio Mané (Liverpool)
  Cristiano Ronaldo (Juventus)
  Lionel Messi (Barcelona)

Coach:   Jürgen Klopp (Liverpool)

Season Goalkeeper Defenders Midfielders Forwards
2020[63]   Manuel Neuer (Bayern Munich)   Trent Alexander-Arnold (Liverpool)
  Sergio Ramos (Real Madrid)
  Virgil van Dijk (Liverpool)
  Alphonso Davies (Bayern Munich)
  Joshua Kimmich (Bayern Munich)
  Thiago (Bayern Munich/Liverpool)
  Kevin De Bruyne (Manchester City)
  Cristiano Ronaldo (Juventus)
  Robert Lewandowski (Bayern Munich)
  Lionel Messi (Barcelona)

IFFHS World's Best Man RefereeEdit

Year Referee
1987   Romualdo Filho
1988   Michel Vautrot
1989   Michel Vautrot
1990   José Roberto Wright
1991   Peter Mikkelsen
1992   Aron Schmidhuber
1993   Peter Mikkelsen
1994   Sándor Puhl
1995   Sándor Puhl
1996   Sándor Puhl
1997   Sándor Puhl
1998   Pierluigi Collina
1999   Pierluigi Collina
2000   Pierluigi Collina
2001   Pierluigi Collina
2002   Pierluigi Collina
2003   Pierluigi Collina
2004   Markus Merk
2005   Markus Merk
2006   Horacio Elizondo
2007   Markus Merk
2008   Roberto Rosetti
2009   Massimo Busacca
2010   Howard Webb
2011   Viktor Kassai
2012   Pedro Proença
2013   Howard Webb
2014   Nicola Rizzoli
2015   Nicola Rizzoli
2016   Mark Clattenburg
2017   Felix Brych[64]
2018   Néstor Pitana
2019   Damir Skomina[65]
2020   Daniele Orsato[66]

IFFHS Player of the CenturyEdit

IFFHS Best European Player 1956–1990Edit

On 24 April 1990, before the 1990 FIFA World Cup, IFFHS gave out an award for the best European player taking into consideration players who were voted in the shortlist of the France Football's Ballon D'Or from 1956 until 1989.[67]

Player Nationality
1 Franz Beckenbauer   West Germany
2 Michel Platini   France
3 Johan Cruyff   Netherlands
4 Eusébio   Portugal
5 Gerd Müller   West Germany
6 Karl-Heinz Rummenigge   West Germany
7 Luis Suárez   Spain
8 Bobby Charlton   England
9 Alfredo Di Stéfano   Spain
10 Raymond Kopa   France
11 Lev Yashin   Soviet Union
- Gianni Rivera   Italy
- Kevin Keegan   England
14 John Charles   Wales
15 Marco van Basten   Netherlands
16 Ferenc Puskás   Hungary
- Bernd Schuster   West Germany
- George Best   Northern Ireland
19 Ruud Gullit   Netherlands
20 Preben Elkjær   Denmark

IFFHS World's Best Woman PlaymakerEdit

 
Brazil's Marta was the first ever winner of the award, in 2012.
Year Player Club(s)
2012   Marta   Tyresö FF
2013   Lena Goeßling   VfL Wolfsburg
2014   Nadine Keßler   VfL Wolfsburg
2015   Carli Lloyd   Houston Dash
2016   Dzsenifer Marozsán[68]   Lyon
2017   Lieke Martens[69]   FC Rosengård
  Barcelona
2018   Dzsenifer Marozsán   Lyon
2019   Megan Rapinoe[70]   Reign FC
2020   Dzsenifer Marozsán[71]   Lyon

IFFHS World's Best Woman GoalkeeperEdit

 
United States goalkeeper Hope Solo is tied with Sarah Bouhhadi (4), with a record four consecutive wins between 2012 and 2015.
Year Player(s) Club(s)
2012   Hope Solo   Seattle Sounders
2013   Hope Solo   Seattle Reign
2014   Hope Solo
  Almuth Schult
  Seattle Reign
  VfL Wolfsburg
2015   Hope Solo   Seattle Reign
2016   Sarah Bouhaddi   Lyon
2017   Sarah Bouhaddi[72]   Lyon
2018   Sarah Bouhaddi   Lyon
2019   Sari van Veenendaal[73]   Arsenal
  Atlético Madrid
2020   Sarah Bouhaddi[74]   Lyon

IFFHS World's Best Woman ClubEdit

Year Club
2012   Lyon
2013   VfL Wolfsburg
2014   VfL Wolfsburg
2015   Lyon
2016   Lyon
2017   Lyon[75]
2018   Lyon
2019   Lyon[76]
2020   Lyon[77]

IFFHS World's Best Woman PlayerEdit

Year Player Club(s)
2020   Pernille Harder   VfL Wolfsburg
  Chelsea

IFFHS Women's World TeamEdit

In 2017, IFFHS started to nominate a world team of the year.[78]

Year Goalkeeper Defenders Midfielders Forwards
2017[78]   Sarah Bouhaddi (Lyon)   Anouk Dekker (Montpellier)
  Wendie Renard (Lyon)
  Steph Houghton (Manchester City)
  Lucy Bronze (Lyon)
  Dzsenifer Marozsán (Lyon)
  Carli Lloyd (Houston Dash)
  Pernille Harder (VfL Wolfsburg)
  Lieke Martens (Barcelona)
  Alex Morgan (Orlando Pride)
  Sam Kerr (Sky Blue FC)

Coach:   Sarina Wiegman (Netherlands)

Season Goalkeeper Defenders Midfielders Forwards
2018[79]   Sarah Bouhaddi (Lyon)   Amel Majri (Lyon)
  Wendie Renard (Lyon)
  Saki Kumagai (Lyon)
  Lucy Bronze (Lyon)
  Dzsenifer Marozsán (Lyon)
  Amandine Henry (Lyon)
  Marta (Orlando Pride)
  Alex Morgan (Orlando Pride)
  Ada Hegerberg (Lyon)
  Pernille Harder (VfL Wolfsburg)

Coach:   Reynald Pedros (Lyon)

Season Goalkeeper Defenders Midfielders Forwards
2019[80]   Sari van Veenendaal (Arsenal/Atlético Madrid)   Crystal Dunn (North Carolina Courage)
  Wendie Renard (Lyon)
  Julie Ertz (Chicago Red Stars)
  Lucy Bronze (Lyon)
  Dzsenifer Marozsán (Lyon)
  Amandine Henry (Lyon)
  Rose Lavelle (Washington Spirit)
  Alex Morgan (Orlando Pride)
  Ada Hegerberg (Lyon)
  Megan Rapinoe (Reign FC)

Coach:   Jill Ellis (United States)

Season Goalkeeper Defenders Midfielders Forwards
2020[81]   Sarah Bouhaddi (Lyon)   Lucy Bronze (Lyon/Manchester City)
  Wendie Renard (Lyon)
  Lena Goeßling (VfL Wolfsburg)
  Sakina Karchaoui (Montpellier/Lyon)
  Saki Kumagai (Lyon)
  Alexandra Popp (VfL Wolfsburg)
  Dzsenifer Marozsán (Lyon)
  Delphine Cascarino (Lyon)
  Vivianne Miedema (Arsenal)
  Pernille Harder (VfL Wolfsburg/Chelsea)

IFFHS World's Best Woman RefereeEdit

Year Referee
2012   Jenny Palmqvist
2013   Bibiana Steinhaus
2014   Bibiana Steinhaus
2015   Kateryna Monzul
2016   Katalin Kulcsar
2017   Bibiana Steinhaus[82]
2018   Bibiana Steinhaus
2019   Stéphanie Frappart[83]
2020   Stéphanie Frappart[84]

IFFHS Female Player of the CenturyEdit

IFFHS gave out an award decided by votes which was conducted with the participation of journalists and former players (no further details given).[85]

Player Nationality Votes
1 Mia Hamm   United States 442
2 Michelle Akers   United States 411
3 Heidi Mohr   Germany 250
4 Carolina Morace   Italy 230
5 Sissi   Brazil 212
6 Linda Medalen   Norway 181
7 Liu Ailing   China PR 165
8 Kristine Lilly   United States 160
9 Heidi Støre   Norway 141
10 Pia Sundhage   Sweden 129

CriticismEdit

Karl Lennartz, a sports historian and professor at the University of Cologne, Germany, called the organization "obscure", describing it as a one-man show of its founder Alfredo Pöge.[86]

The IFFHS rankings and their significance have been a matter of criticism and the largest German news agency, Deutsche Presse-Agentur, refuse to publish them.[87] Furthermore, it has been stated that the rankings of the IFFHS are not official and it’s an award they barely serve merely for publicity.[86]

ReferencesEdit

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  6. ^ A couple of former Weltzeitschrift cover pages can be looked up at
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