International Federation of Football History & Statistics

The International Federation of Football History & Statistics (IFFHS) is an organisation that chronicles the history and records of association football.[2][3][4] It was founded on 27 March 1984 in Leipzig by Alfredo Pöge with the blessings of general secretary of the FIFA at the time, Helmut Käser.[2] The IFFHS was based at Al-Muroor Street 147, Abu Dhabi for some time but, in 2010, relocated to Bonn, Germany, and then in 2014 to Zürich.[5]

International Federation of Football History & Statistics
IFFHS (HD logo).png
Formation1984
HeadquartersZürich, Switzerland
Official language
English, French, Spanish, German
President
Saleh Salem Bahwini[1]
Websiteiffhs.com
Jorge Campos receiving his IFFHS World's Best Goalkeeper bronze trophy in 1993.
Peñarol's South America's Best Club of the Century trophy.

During its early stages, and until 2002, the IFFHS concentrated on publishing the quarterly magazines Fußball-Weltzeitschrift, Libero spezial deutsch and Libero international.[6] When these had to be discontinued for reasons which were not officially told, the organisation published its material in a series of multi-lingual books in co-operation with sponsors.[7] The statistical organisation has now confined its publishing activities to its website, receiving support from FIFA,[7] organisation that recognise the IFFHS and its work[4][7] although the latter has no affiliation with the football's governing body.[8]

Since 2020 a Top XI and a best player award for every confederation, including in women's football, are revealed.

The World's Best ClubEdit

Since 1991, the entity has produced a monthly Club World Ranking.

 
Barcelona, 5-time winner of the world's Best Club award.

The ranking takes into consideration the results of twelve months of continental and intercontinental competitions, national league matches (including play-offs) and the most important national cup (excluding points won before the round of 16).

All countries are rated at four levels based upon the national league performance—clubs in the highest level leagues receive 4 points for each match won, 2 for a draw and 0 for a defeat. Level 2 is assigned 3 pts. (win), 1.5 (draw) and 0 (lost), and so on with the next lower levels.

In continental competitions, all clubs receive the same number of points at all stages regardless of the performance level of their leagues. However, the UEFA Champions League and the Copa Libertadores yield more points than UEFA Europa League and Copa Sudamericana, respectively. The point assignment system is still lower for the AFC, CAF, CONCACAF and OFC continental tournaments. Competitions between two continents are evaluated depending upon their importance. Competitions not organised by a continental confederation, or any intercontinental events not recognized by FIFA, are not taken into consideration.

Men's winnersEdit

Multiple winners (1991–present)[9]
Club Wins Years
  Barcelona 5 1997, 2009, 2011, 2012, 2015
  Real Madrid 4 2000, 2002, 2014, 2017
  Liverpool 3 2001, 2005, 2019
  Juventus 2 1993, 1996
  Milan 1995, 2003
  Sevilla 2006, 2007
  Manchester United 1999, 2008
  Inter Milan 1998, 2010
  Bayern Munich 2013, 2020

Continental Men's Clubs of the Century (1901–2000)Edit

 
Real Madrid, European club of the 20th Century.
 
Boca Juniors, South American team of the decade (2001–2010).

In 2009, the IFFHS released the results of a statistical study series which determined the best continental clubs of the 20th century.[10] The ranking did not consider the performance of the teams in national football tournaments (except in the Oceania's club ranking due to limited editions held under OFC club competitions), the performance in the intercontinental or worldwide club competitions or those submitted in the IFFHS Club World Ranking, available since 1991.[11]

Based on this study, which assigned a weighted score criteria applied for each competition analysed, the below six clubs were named as "continental clubs of the century" by the IFFHS between 10 September and 13 October 2009. These clubs were awarded with a golden trophy and a certificate during the World Football Gala celebrated at Fulham, London, on 11 May 2010.[12][13][14]

Continent Club
Europe   Real Madrid
South America   Peñarol
Africa   Asante Kotoko
Asia   Al-Hilal
CONCACAF   Saprissa
Oceania   South Melbourne

The Best Man Club of the DecadeEdit

In 2012, the IFFHS recognised Barcelona as the World's Best Club Team of the Decade for the first decade of the 21st century (2001–2010).[15] In 2021, Barcelona were recognised as the world's best club also for the second decade (2011–2020).

Decade World Europe South America CONCACAF Africa Asia Oceania
2001–2010   Barcelona[15]   Barcelona[16]   Boca Juniors[17]   América[18]   Al Ahly[19]   Al-Hilal[20]   Auckland City[21]
2011–2020   Barcelona   Barcelona   Grêmio[22]   UANL[23]   Espérance de Tunis[24]   Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors[25]   Auckland City[26]
 
Lyon, 7-time winner of the Women's World's Best Club award.

Women's winnersEdit

Multiple winners (2012–present)[27]
Club Wins Years
  Lyon 7 2012, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020
  VfL Wolfsburg 2 2013, 2014
  Barcelona 1 2021

The World's Strongest National LeagueEdit

 
Premier League, Strongest National League of the Decade (2001–2010).

Men's leagueEdit

Multiple winners (1991–present)
League Wins Years
  Spain 13 2000, 2001, 2002, 2004, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018
  Italy 11 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1998, 1999, 2003, 2006, 2020
  England 5 2005, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2019

The Strongest National League of the DecadeEdit

Decade World Europe South America CONCACAF Africa Asia Oceania
2001–2010   England[28]   England[28]   Brazil[28]   Mexico[28]   Egypt[28]   Japan[28]   New Zealand[28]
2011–2020   Spain[29]   Spain[30]   Brazil[30]   Mexico[30]   Tunisia[30]   South Korea[30]   New Zealand[30]

Women's leagueEdit

Year League
2020   England[31]
2021   France[32]

The World's Best PlayerEdit

 
Robert Lewandowski won the Best Player award in 2020 and 2021.

Men's winnersEdit

From 1991 until 2009, FIFA continued this distinction named "FIFA World Player of the Year"; this award was later replaced by the FIFA Ballon d'Or in 2010, and The Best FIFA Men's Player in 2016. The award was reinstated in 2020.

Multiple winners (1988–present)[33][34][35][36][37]
Player Wins Years
  Marco van Basten 2 1988, 1989
  Robert Lewandowski 2020, 2021

The World's Best Man Player of the Century (1901–2000)Edit

 
Pelé, Player of the Century (1901–2000).
Top 10 players[38]
Rank Player Nationality Points
1 Pelé   Brazil 1705
2 Johan Cruyff   Netherlands 1303
3 Franz Beckenbauer   West Germany 1228
4 Alfredo Di Stéfano   Argentina
  Spain
1215
5 Diego Maradona   Argentina 1214
6 Ferenc Puskás   Hungary 810
7 Michel Platini   France 722
8 Garrincha   Brazil 624
9 Eusébio   Portugal 544
10 Bobby Charlton   England 508

Women's winnersEdit

Year Winner Club(s)
2020   Pernille Harder[39]   VfL Wolfsburg
  Chelsea
2021   Alexia Putellas[40]   Barcelona

The World's Best Woman Player of the Century (1901–2000)Edit

 
Mia Hamm, Female Player of the Century (1901–2000).

IFFHS gave out an award decided by votes which was conducted with the participation of journalists and former players (no further details given).[41]

Top 10 players[42]
Rank Player Nationality Points
1 Mia Hamm   United States 442
2 Michelle Akers   United States 411
3 Heidi Mohr   Germany 250
4 Carolina Morace   Italy 230
5 Sissi   Brazil 212
6 Linda Medalen   Norway 181
7 Liu Ailing   China PR 165
8 Kristine Lilly   United States 160
9 Heidi Støre   Norway 141
10 Pia Sundhage   Sweden 129

The World's Best Youth (U20) PlayerEdit

 
Pedri won the Best Youth (U20) Player award in 2021.

The award was introduced in 2021.

Men's winnersEdit

Year Winner Club
2021   Pedri[43]   Barcelona

Women's winnersEdit

Year Winner Club
2021   Hanna Bennison[44]   FC Rosengård
  Everton

The World's Best PlaymakerEdit

Men's winnersEdit

The IFFHS World's Best Playmaker is a footballing award which, since 2006, is given annually to the best playmaker of the year, as chosen by the International Federation of Football History & Statistics (IFFHS).[45]

The award is awarded at the end of the year at the World Football Gala: the winning playmaker is awarded a gold trophy. Argentina's Lionel Messi and Spain's Xavi have won the award a record four times each (Xavi four consecutive times), and Spanish compatriot Andrés Iniesta has won the award two times. Barcelona is the club with the most wins, with ten in total.

 
Lionel Messi and Xavi (pictured) are the all time joint record winners of the award with 4 wins each.

Lionel Messi was named the Best Playmaker since 2006 and the Best Playmaker of the Decade 2011–2020.[46]

Multiple winners (2006–present)[47]
Player Wins Years
  Xavi 4 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011
  Lionel Messi 2015, 2016, 2017, 2019
  Andrés Iniesta 2 2012, 2013
  Kevin De Bruyne 2020, 2021

Women's winnersEdit

Dzsenifer Marozsán was named the Best Playmaker of the Decade 2011–2020.[48]

Year Winner Club(s)
2012   Marta[49]   Tyresö FF
2013   Lena Goeßling[50]   VfL Wolfsburg
2014   Nadine Keßler[51]   VfL Wolfsburg
2015   Carli Lloyd[52]   Houston Dash
2016   Dzsenifer Marozsán[53]   Lyon
2017   Lieke Martens[54]   FC Rosengård
  Barcelona
2018   Dzsenifer Marozsán[55]   Lyon
2019   Megan Rapinoe[56]   Reign FC
2020   Dzsenifer Marozsán[57]   Lyon
2021   Alexia Putellas[58]   Barcelona

The World's Best GoalkeeperEdit

 
Spanish goalkeeper Iker Casillas is tied with Gianluigi Buffon and Manuel Neuer (5), with a record five consecutive wins between 2008 and 2012.

Men's winnersEdit

Multiple winners (1987–present)[59]
Player Wins Years
  Iker Casillas 5 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012
  Gianluigi Buffon 2003, 2004, 2006, 2007, 2017
  Manuel Neuer 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2020
  Walter Zenga 3 1989, 1990, 1991
  José Luis Chilavert 1995, 1997, 1998
  Oliver Kahn 1999, 2001, 2002
  Peter Schmeichel 2 1992, 1993

Women's winnersEdit

Multiple winners (2012–present)[60]
Player Wins Years
  Hope Solo 4 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015
  Sarah Bouhaddi 2016, 2017, 2018, 2020

The World's Best Top Goal ScorerEdit

 
Cristiano Ronaldo has won the most awards (4). He is also the All-time World's Best Goal Scorer.

This award is given annually since 2020, and retroactively from 2011 to 2019, to the world's top goalscorer in the calendar year.

Men's winnersEdit

Multiple winners (2011–present)[61][62]
Player Wins Years
  Cristiano Ronaldo 4 2011, 2013, 2014, 2015
  Lionel Messi 2 2012, 2016
  Robert Lewandowski 2020, 2021

All-time World's Best Goal Scorer rankingEdit

 
Romário ranks 4th in the All-time World's Best Goal Scorer ranking with 753 goals.
As of 7 January 2022[63][64]
Bold indicates players currently active.
Top 10 goal scorers of all-time
Rank Player Goals
1   Cristiano Ronaldo 803
2   Pelé 765
3   Lionel Messi 758
4   Romário 753
5   Ferenc Puskás 729
6     Josef Bican 720
7   Jimmy Jones 647
8   Gerd Müller 634
9   Eusébio 622
10   Joe Bambrick 616

Women's winnersEdit

The women's award was introduced in 2021.

Year Winner Club Goals
2021   Jennifer Hermoso[65]   Barcelona 48

The World's Best International Goal ScorerEdit

This award is given annually since 1991 to the world's top international goalscorer in the calendar year.

 
Ali Daei won the award twice (1996 and 2004).

Men's winnersEdit

Multiple winners (1991–present)[66]
Player Wins Years
  Cristiano Ronaldo 5 2013, 2014, 2016, 2017, 2019
  Ali Daei 2 1996, 2004
  Lionel Messi 2011, 2012
  Robert Lewandowski 2015, 2021

Women's winnersEdit

The women's award was introduced in 2021.

Year Winner Club Goals
2021   Ellen White[67]   Manchester City 21

The World's Best Top Division Goal ScorerEdit

 
Lionel Messi has won the award a record 4 times.

This award is given annually since 1997 to the player who scores the most goals in a league season (in a calendar year since 2020) in any of the top 60 leagues in the world (as ranked by IFFHS for that given year).

Men's winnersEdit

Multiple winners (1997–present)[68]
Player Wins Years
  Lionel Messi 4 2012, 2013, 2017, 2018 (shared)
  Luis Suárez 3 2010, 2014 (shared), 2016
  Cristiano Ronaldo 2014 (shared), 2015, 2020
  Mário Jardel 2 1999, 2000

All-time World's Best Top Division Goal Scorer rankingEdit

 
Ferenc Puskás is the All-time Best Top Division Goal Scorer.
As of 5 January 2022[69][70]
Bold indicates players currently active.
Top 10 top division goal scorers of all-time
Rank Player Goals
1   Ferenc Puskás 511
2   Cristiano Ronaldo 487
3   Lionel Messi 475
4   Imre Schlosser 417
5   Gyula Zsengellér 416
6   Jimmy McGrory 410
7   Gerd Müller 405
  Roger Milla
9   Hugo Sánchez 400
10   Ferenc Szusza 393

Women's winnersEdit

The women's award was introduced in 2021.

Year Winner Club Goals
2021   Lucie Martínková[71]   Sparta Prague 38

The World's Most Effective Top Division Goal ScorerEdit

 
Masashi Nakayama is the only Japanese player to win the award.

This award was given annually from 1997 to 2004 to the player with the best goal ratio (goals/matches played) in a league season in any of the top 60 leagues in the world (as ranked by IFFHS for that given year).

Men's winnersEdit

Year Winner Club Ratio
1997   Hakan Şükür[72]   Galatasaray 1.188
1998   Masashi Nakayama[73]   Júbilo Iwata 1.276
1999   Mário Jardel[74]   Porto 1.125
2000   Hamzah Idris[75]   Al Ittihad 1.320
2001   Romário[76]   Vasco da Gama 1.167
2002   Mário Jardel[77]   Sporting CP 1.400
2003   José Cardozo[78]   Toluca 1.381
2004   Shuhrat Mirkholdirshoev[79]   Navbahor Namangan 1.192

The World TeamEdit

 
Sergio Ramos made 4 appearances in the World Team since 2017.

Men's winnersEdit

In 2017, IFFHS started to nominate a world team of the year.[80]

Multiple appearances (2017–present)[81]
Player Apps Years
  Cristiano Ronaldo 5 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020, 2021
  Lionel Messi 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020, 2021
  Sergio Ramos 4 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020
  Kevin De Bruyne 2017, 2019, 2020, 2021
  Marcelo 2 2017, 2018
  Luka Modrić 2017, 2018
  Trent Alexander-Arnold 2019, 2020
  Virgil van Dijk 2019, 2020
  Leonardo Bonucci 2017, 2021
  Kylian Mbappé 2018, 2021
  Robert Lewandowski 2020, 2021
  Alphonso Davies 2020, 2021

All-time Men's Dream Team (2021)Edit

 
Lev Yashin was selected as the goalkeeper for the All-time Men's Dream Team as well as the Men Team of the Century, both times for the World's and Europe's first team.
 
The Argentine Diego Maradona was part of the World and South America team.
Continent Goalkeeper Defenders Midfielders Forwards
World[82]   Lev Yashin   Cafu
  Franz Beckenbauer
  Franco Baresi
  Paolo Maldini
  Xavi
  Diego Maradona
  Johan Cruyff
  Cristiano Ronaldo
  Pelé
  Lionel Messi
World B[82]   Gianluigi Buffon   Carlos Alberto Torres
  Bobby Moore
  Daniel Passarella
  Roberto Carlos
  Lothar Matthäus
  Zinedine Zidane
  Michel Platini
  Ronaldo
  Gerd Müller
   Alfredo Di Stéfano
Europe[83]   Lev Yashin   Philipp Lahm
  Franz Beckenbauer
  Franco Baresi
  Paolo Maldini
  Xavi
  Zinedine Zidane
  Michel Platini
  Johan Cruyff
  Gerd Müller
  Cristiano Ronaldo
South America[84]   Amadeo Carrizo   Cafu
  Elías Figueroa
  Daniel Passarella
  Roberto Carlos
  Didi
  Diego Maradona
  Zico
  Alfredo Di Stéfano
  Pelé
  Lionel Messi
CONCACAF[85]   Antonio Carbajal   Carlos Salcedo
  Claudio Suárez
  Rafael Márquez
  Andrés Guardado
  Bryan Ruiz
  Raúl Cárdenas
  Luis de la Fuente
  Julio Dely Valdés
  Hugo Sánchez
  Clint Dempsey
Africa[86]   Thomas N'Kono   Samuel Kuffour
  Rigobert Song
  Noureddine Naybet
  Yaya Touré
  Nwankwo Kanu
  Jay-Jay Okocha
  Abedi Pele
  Samuel Eto'o
  George Weah
  Didier Drogba
Asia[87]   Mohamed Al-Deayea   Mehdi Mahdavikia
  Hong Myung-bo
  Yasuhiko Okudera
  Wu Lei
  Shinji Kagawa
  Mile Jedinak
  Park Ji-sung
  Son Heung-min
  Majed Abdullah
  Cha Bum-kun
Oceania[88]   Stefan Marinovic   Ryan Nelsen
  Tommy Smith
  Winston Reid
  Ryan Thomas
  Steve Sumner
  Marco Rojas
  Roy Krishna
  Rory Fallon
  Chris Wood
  Wynton Rufer
 
Dzsenifer Marozsán shares the record for most appearances in the Women World Team (4) with Lucy Bronze and Wendie Renard.

Women's winnersEdit

In 2017, IFFHS started to nominate a world team of the year.[89]

Multiple appearances (2017–present)[90]
Player Apps Years
  Wendie Renard 5 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020, 2021
  Lucy Bronze 4 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020
  Dzsenifer Marozsán 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020
  Alex Morgan 3 2017, 2018, 2019
  Sarah Bouhaddi 2017, 2018, 2020
  Pernille Harder 2017, 2018, 2020
  Ada Hegerberg 2 2018, 2019
  Amandine Henry 2018, 2019
  Saki Kumagai 2018, 2020
  Sam Kerr 2017, 2021
  Lieke Martens 2017, 2021

All-time Women's Dream Team (2021)Edit

 
Hope Solo was selected in the World and CONCACAF All-time Women's Dream Team.
 
Homare Sawa was selected in the World and Asia All-time Women's Dream Team.
Continent Goalkeeper Defenders Midfielders Forwards
World[91]   Hope Solo   Lucy Bronze
  Wendie Renard
  Christie Pearce
  Joy Fawcett
  Dzsenifer Marozsán
  Homare Sawa
  Marta
  Megan Rapinoe
  Mia Hamm
  Alex Morgan
World B[91]   Nadine Angerer   Ariane Hingst
  Nilla Fischer
  Saki Kumagai
  Hege Riise
  Michelle Akers
  Kristine Lilly
  Formiga
  Abby Wambach
  Carli Lloyd
  Birgit Prinz
Europe[92]   Nadine Angerer   Lucy Bronze
  Wendie Renard
  Nilla Fischer
  Linda Medalen
  Nadine Keßler
  Dzsenifer Marozsán
  Camille Abily
  Lotta Schelin
  Ada Hegerberg
  Birgit Prinz
South America[93]   Christiane Endler   Fabiana
  Aline
  Elane
  Tamires
  Formiga
  Sissi
  Roseli
  Pretinha
  Cristiane
  Marta
CONCACAF[94]   Hope Solo   Kelley O'Hara
  Joy Fawcett
  Christie Pearce
  Ali Krieger
  Shirley Cruz
  Carli Lloyd
  Megan Rapinoe
  Abby Wambach
  Mia Hamm
  Alex Morgan
Africa[95]   Annette Ngo Ndom   Onome Ebi
  Janine van Wyk
  Florence Omagbeni
  Ngozi Ezeocha
  Perpetua Nkwocha
  Mercy Akide
  Gabrielle Onguéné
  Gaëlle Enganamouit
  Asisat Oshoala
  Tabitha Chawinga
Asia[96]   Lydia Williams   Ellie Carpenter
  Cheryl Salisbury
  Saki Kumagai
  Fan Yunjie
  Homare Sawa
  Ji So-yun
  Aya Miyama
  Liu Ailing
  Samantha Kerr
  Sun Wen
Oceania[97]   Erin Nayler   Rebekah Stott
  Rebecca Smith
  Abby Erceg
  Ria Percival
  Hayley Bowden
  Katie Duncan
  Betsy Hassett
  Ali Riley
  Amber Hearn
  Sarah Gregorius

The World Youth (U20) TeamEdit

 
Rodrygo is one of two players, with Real Madrid teammate Eduardo Camavinga, to appear twice in the Men's World Youth (U20) Team.

The award was introduced in 2020.

Men's winnersEdit

Multiple appearances (2020–present)
Player Apps Years
  Eduardo Camavinga 2 2020, 2021
  Rodrygo 2020, 2021

Women's winnersEdit

Multiple appearances (2020–present)
Player Apps Years
  Cata Coll 2 2020, 2021
  Lena Oberdorf 2020, 2021

The World's Best Club CoachEdit

 
José Mourinho, World's Best Club Coach with three different clubs (Porto, Chelsea and Real Madrid).

Men's winnersEdit

Multiple winners (1996–present)[98]
Coach Wins Years
  José Mourinho 4 2004, 2005, 2010, 2012
  Marcello Lippi 2 1996, 1998
  Ottmar Hitzfeld 1997, 2001
  Carlos Bianchi 2000, 2003
  Alex Ferguson 1999, 2008
  Pep Guardiola 2009, 2011
  Carlo Ancelotti 2007, 2014
  Zinedine Zidane 2017, 2018

Women's winnersEdit

Year Winner Club
2020   Jean-Luc Vasseur[99]   Lyon
2021   Lluís Cortés[100]   Barcelona

The World's Best National CoachEdit

 
Joachim Löw, World's Best National Coach with Germany in 2014 and 2017.

Men's winnersEdit

Multiple winners (1996–present)[101]
Coach Wins Years
  Vicente del Bosque 4 2009, 2010, 2012, 2013
  Joachim Löw 2 2014, 2017
  Fernando Santos 2016, 2019
  Didier Deschamps 2018, 2020

Women's winnersEdit

Year Winner National team
2020   Sarina Wiegman[102]   Netherlands
2021   Bev Priestman[103]   Canada

The World's Best RefereeEdit

 
Felix Brych, World's Best Referee in 2017 and 2021.

Men's winnersEdit

Felix Brych was awarded the prize for Men's Referee of the Decade 2011–20.

Multiple winners (1987–present)[104]
Referee Wins Years
  Pierluigi Collina 6 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003
  Sándor Puhl 4 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997
  Markus Merk 3 2004, 2005, 2007
  Michel Vautrot 2 1988, 1989
  Peter Mikkelsen 1991, 1993
  Howard Webb 2010, 2013
  Nicola Rizzoli 2014, 2015
  Felix Brych 2017, 2021

Women's winnersEdit

Bibiana Steinhaus was awarded the prize for Women's Referee of the Decade 2011–20.

Multiple winners (2012–present)[105]
Referee Wins Years
  Bibiana Steinhaus 4 2013, 2014, 2017, 2018
  Stéphanie Frappart 3 2019, 2020, 2021

CriticismEdit

Karl Lennartz, a sports historian and professor at the University of Cologne, Germany, called the organisation "obscure", describing it as a one-man show of its founder Alfredo Pöge.[106]

IFFHS rankings and their significance have been a matter of criticism and the largest German news agency, Deutsche Presse-Agentur, refuse to publish them.[107] Furthermore, it has been stated that the rankings of the IFFHS are not official and it's an award they serve merely for publicity.[106]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Saleh Salem BAHWINI is the new president of the IFFHS". iffhs.de. IFFHS. 30 March 2014. Archived from the original on 21 April 2016. Retrieved 26 March 2020.
  2. ^ a b "The History of IFFHS". IFFHS official website. Retrieved 14 September 2009.
  3. ^ Rafa Jiménez, IFFHS: La calculadora del fútbol. Don Balón (1656), 9/15 julio 2007, p. 50
  4. ^ a b "¿Qué es la IFFHS?". El Mundo Deportivo. 8 January 2010. Retrieved 20 January 2010.
  5. ^ "International Federation of Football History & Statistics". IFFHS official website. Retrieved 14 September 2009.
  6. ^ A couple of former Weltzeitschrift cover pages can be looked up at
  7. ^ a b c Rafa Jiménez, IFFHS: La calculadora del fútbol. Don Balón (1656), 9/15 July 2007, p. 50 (in Spanish).
  8. ^ "Does FIFA employ a ranking system for club teams similar to the FIFA/Coca-Cola World Ranking for national teams?". www.fifa.com. 28 March 2003. Archived from the original on 2 June 2008. Retrieved 14 September 2009.
  9. ^ "Football Men Club World Ranking". iffhs.com. Archived from the original on 14 April 2021. Retrieved 6 November 2021.
  10. ^ "The continental Clubs of the Century". IFFHS. Archived from the original on 22 September 2009. Retrieved 5 October 2019.
  11. ^ "Europe's club of the Century". IFFHS official website. Retrieved 10 September 2009.
  12. ^ "World Football Gala 2010 in London". International Federation of Football History & Statistics. Retrieved 11 May 2010.
  13. ^ "Real Madrid, mejor club de Europa del Siglo XX (video de la premiación)" (in Spanish). Real Madrid Club de Fútbol official website. Archived from the original on 14 May 2010. Retrieved 12 May 2010.
  14. ^ "IFFHS HISTORY : CONTINENTAL CENTURY CLUBS (1900–1999)". www.iffhs.com. Retrieved 6 November 2021.
  15. ^ a b "FC Barcelona named world's best team of the decade by the IFFHS". www.fcbarcelona.com. 7 May 2012. Retrieved 5 December 2017.
  16. ^ "FC BARCELONA FIRST !". www.iffhs.com. Retrieved 5 November 2021.
  17. ^ "BOCA JUNIORS NUMBER 1 !". www.iffhs.com. Retrieved 5 November 2021.
  18. ^ "CF AMERICA FIRST !". www.iffhs.com. Retrieved 5 November 2021.
  19. ^ "AL-AHLY CAIRO FIRST !". www.iffhs.com. Retrieved 5 November 2021.
  20. ^ "AL HILAL AT THE TOP". www.iffhs.com. Retrieved 5 November 2021.
  21. ^ "AUCKLAND CITY NUMBER ONE !". www.iffhs.com. Retrieved 5 November 2021.
  22. ^ "GREMIO FB PORTO ALEGRENSE, BEST CLUB – CONMEBOL – OF THE DECADE 2011–2020". www.iffhs.com. Retrieved 5 November 2021.
  23. ^ "TIGRES UANL, IFFHS BEST CONCACAF CLUB OF THE DECADE 2011–2020". www.iffhs.com. Retrieved 5 November 2021.
  24. ^ "ESPERANCE SPORTIVE TUNIS, IFFHS BEST CAF CLUB OF THE DECADE 2011–2020". www.iffhs.com. Retrieved 5 November 2021.
  25. ^ "JEONBUK MOTORS FC, BEST CLUB – AFC – OF THE DECADE 2011–2020". www.iffhs.com. Retrieved 5 November 2021.
  26. ^ "AUCKLAND CITY FC , THE BEST OFC CLUB OF THE DECADE 2011–2020". www.iffhs.com. Retrieved 5 November 2021.
  27. ^ "Football Women Club World Ranking". iffhs.com. Archived from the original on 14 April 2021. Retrieved 6 November 2021.
  28. ^ a b c d e f g "IFFHS RANKINGS – THE BEST LEAGUES OF THE WORLD OF THE FIRST DECADE (2001–2010)". www.iffhs.com. Retrieved 5 November 2021.
  29. ^ "IFFHS WORLD'S STRONGEST NATIONAL LEAGUE OF THE DECADE 2011–2020 : LA LIGA SPAIN !". www.iffhs.com. Retrieved 5 November 2021.
  30. ^ a b c d e f "IFFHS CONTINENTAL STRONGEST NATIONAL LEAGUES OF THE DECADE 2011–2020". www.iffhs.com. Retrieved 5 November 2021.
  31. ^ "THE WORLD'S BEST WOMAN LEAGUE 2020 – FA WOMEN'S SUPER LEAGUE (ENGLAND)". IFFHS. 8 December 2020. Retrieved 8 December 2020.
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