Copa Libertadores

The CONMEBOL Libertadores, also known as the Copa Libertadores de América (Portuguese: Copa Libertadores da América), is an annual international club football competition organized by CONMEBOL since 1960. It is the highest level of competition in South American club football. The tournament is named after the Libertadores (Spanish and Portuguese for liberators), the leaders of the South American wars of independence,[1] so a literal translation of its former name into English is "America's Liberators Cup".

CONMEBOL Libertadores
Copa Libertadores logo.svg
Organising bodyCONMEBOL
Founded1960; 62 years ago (1960)
RegionSouth America
Number of teams47 (from 10 associations)
Qualifier forRecopa Sudamericana
FIFA Club World Cup
Related competitionsCopa Sudamericana
Current championsBrazil Palmeiras
(3rd title)
Most successful club(s)Argentina Independiente
(7 titles)
Television broadcastersList of broadcasters
Websiteconmebollibertadores.com
2022 Copa Libertadores

The competition has had several formats over its lifetime. Initially, only the champions of the South American leagues participated. In 1966, the runners-up of the South American leagues began to join. In 1998, Mexican teams were invited to compete and contested regularly from 2000 until 2016. In 2000 the tournament was expanded from 20 to 32 teams. Today at least four clubs per country compete in the tournament, with Argentina and Brazil having the most representatives (six and seven clubs, respectively). A group stage has always been used but the number of teams per group has varied.[1][2]

In the present format, the tournament consists of eight stages, with the first stage taking place in late January. The four surviving teams from the first three stages join 28 teams in the group stage, which consists of eight groups of four teams each. The eight group winners and eight runners-up enter the knockout stages, which end with the final in November. The winner of the Copa Libertadores becomes eligible to play in the FIFA Club World Cup and the Recopa Sudamericana.[3]

Independiente of Argentina is the most successful club in the cup's history, having won the tournament seven times. Argentine clubs have accumulated the most victories with 25 wins, while Brazil has the largest number of winning teams, with 10 clubs having won the title. The cup has been won by 25 clubs, 15 of them more than once, and seven clubs have won two years in a row.

HistoryEdit

The clashes for the Copa Aldao between the champions of Argentina and Uruguay kindled the idea of continental competition in the 1930s.[1] In 1948, the South American Championship of Champions (Spanish: Campeonato Sudamericano de Campeones), the most direct precursor to the Copa Libertadores, was played and organized by the Chilean club Colo-Colo after years of planning and organization.[1] Held in Santiago, it brought together the champions of each nation's top national leagues.[1] The tournament was won by Vasco da Gama of Brazil.[1][4][5] The 1948 South American tournament impulsed, in continent-wide reach, the "champions cup" model, resulting in the creation of the European Cup in 1955, as confirmed by Jacques Ferran (one of the "founding fathers" of the European Cup), in a 2015 interview with a Brazilian TV sports programme.[6]

In 1958, the basis and format of the competition were created by Peñarol's board leaders. On October 8, 1958, João Havelange announced, at a UEFA meeting he attended as an invitee, the creation of Copa de Campeones de America (American Champions Cup, renamed in 1965 as Copa Libertadores), as a South American equivalent of the European Cup, so that the champion clubs of both continental confederations could decide "the best club team of the world" in the Intercontinental Cup.[7][8] On March 5, 1959, at the 24th South American Congress held in Buenos Aires, the competition was ratified by the International Affairs Committee. In 1965, it was named in honor of the heroes of South American liberation, such as Simón Bolívar, José de San Martín, Pedro I, Bernardo O'Higgins, and José Gervasio Artigas, among others.[1]

FormatEdit

QualificationEdit

Most teams qualify for the Copa Libertadores by winning half-year tournaments called the Apertura and Clausura tournaments or by finishing among the top teams in their championship.[3] The countries that use this format are Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay and Venezuela.[3] Peru and Ecuador have developed new formats for qualification to the Copa Libertadores involving several stages.[3] Argentina, Brazil and Chile are the only South American leagues to use a European league format instead of the Apertura and Clausura format.[3] However, one berth for the Copa Libertadores can be won by winning the domestic cups in these countries.[3]

Peru, Uruguay and Mexico formerly used a second tournament to decide qualification for the Libertadores (the "Liguilla Pre-Libertadores" between 1992 and 1997, the "Liguilla Pre-Libertadores de América" from 1974 to 2009, and the InterLiga from 2004 to 2010, respectively).[2][3] Argentina used an analogous method only once in 1992. Since 2011, the winner of the Copa Sudamericana has qualified automatically for the following Copa Libertadores.[3][9]

For the 2019 edition, the different stages of the competition were contested by the following teams:[3]

Distribution of clubs in the Copa Libertadores
First stage
Second stage
Third stage
  • 8 second stage winners
Group stage
Final stages
Country First Stage Second Stage Group Stage
Brazil 2 5
Argentina 1 5
Chile 2 2
Colombia 2 2
Bolivia 1 1 2
Ecuador 1 1 2
Paraguay 1 1 2
Peru 1 1 2
Uruguay 1 1 2
Venezuela 1 1 2

The winners of the previous season's Copa Libertadores are given an additional entry if they do not qualify for the tournament through their domestic performance; however, if the title holders qualify for the tournament through their domestic performance, an additional entry is granted to the next eligible team, "replacing" the titleholder.

RulesEdit

The Copa Libertadores logo is shown on the centre of the pitch before every game in the competition.

Unlike most other competitions around the world, the Copa Libertadores historically did not use extra time, or away goals.[3] From 1960 to 1987, two-legged ties were decided on points (teams would be awarded 2 points for a win, 1 point for a draw and 0 points for a loss), without considering goal differences. If both teams were level on points after two legs, a third match would be played at a neutral venue. Goal difference would only come into play if the third match was drawn. If the third match did not produce an immediate winner, a penalty shootout was used to determine a winner.[3]

From 1988 onwards, two-legged ties were decided on points, followed by goal difference, with an immediate penalty shootout if the tie was level on aggregate after full-time in the second leg.[3] Starting with the 2005 season, CONMEBOL began to use the away goals rule.[3] In 2008, the finals became an exception to the away goals rule and employed extra time.[3] From 1995 onwards, the "Three points for a win" standard, a system adopted by FIFA in 1995 that places additional value on wins, was adopted in CONMEBOL, with teams now earning 3 points for a win, 1 point for a draw and 0 points for a loss.

TournamentEdit

The current tournament features 47 clubs competing over a six- to eight-month period. There are three stages: the first, the second and the knockout stage.

The first stage involves 12 clubs in a series of two-legged knockout ties.[3] The six survivors join 26 clubs in the second stage, in which they are divided into eight groups of four.[3] The teams in each group play in a double round-robin format, with each team playing home and away games against every other team in their group.[3] The top two teams from each group are then drawn into the knockout stage, which consists of two-legged knockout ties.[3] From that point, the competition proceeds with two-legged knockout ties to quarterfinals, semifinals, and the finals.[3] Between 1960 and 1987 the previous winners did not enter the competition until the semifinal stage, making it much easier to retain the cup.[3]

Between 1960 and 2004, the winner of the tournament participated in the now-defunct Intercontinental Cup or (after 1980) Toyota Cup, a football competition endorsed by UEFA and CONMEBOL, contested against the winners of the European Cup (since renamed the UEFA Champions League)[3] Since 2004, the winner has played in the Club World Cup, an international competition contested by the champion clubs from all six continental confederations. It is organized by the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's global governing body. Because Europe and South America are considered the strongest centers of the sport, the champions of those continents enter the tournament at the semifinal stage.[3] The winning team also qualifies to play in the Recopa Sudamericana, a two-legged final series against the winners of the Copa Sudamericana.[3]

PrizesEdit

TrophyEdit

 
Trophy of the 2020 edition, won by Palmeiras

The tournament shares its name with the trophy, also called the Copa Libertadores or simply la Copa, which is awarded to the Copa Libertadores winner. It was designed by goldsmith Alberto de Gasperi, an Italian-born immigrant to Peru, in Camusso Jewelry in Lima at the behest of CONMEBOL.[10] The top of the laurel is made of sterling silver, except for the football player at the top (which is made of bronze with a silver coating).[11]

The pedestal, which contains badges from every winner of the competition, is made of hardwood plywood. The badges show the season, the full name of the winning club, and the city and nation from which the champions hail. To the left of that information is the club logo. Any club which wins three consecutive tournaments has the right to keep the trophy. Today, the current trophy is the third in the history of the competition.

Two clubs have kept the actual trophy after three consecutive wins:[12]

Prize moneyEdit

As of 2019, clubs in the Copa Libertadores receive US$500,000 for advancing into the second stage and US$1,000,000 per home match in the group phase. That amount is derived from television rights and stadium advertising. The payment per home match increases to US$1,050,000 in the round of 16. The prize money then increases as each quarterfinalist receives US$1,200,000, US$1,750,000 is given to each semifinalist, US$6,000,000 is awarded to the runner-up, and the winner earns US$12,000,000.[13]

  • Eliminated at the first stage: US$350,000
  • Eliminated at the second stage: US$500,000
  • Eliminated at the third stage: US$550,000
  • Group stage: US$3,000,000
  • Round of 16: US$1,050,000
  • Quarter-finals: US$1,200,000
  • Semi-finals: US$1,750,000
  • Runners-up: US$6,000,000
  • Champions: US$12,000,000

Cultural impactEdit

The Copa Libertadores occupies an important space in South American culture. The folklore, fanfare, and organization of many competitions around the world owe its aspects to the Libertadores.

The "Sueño Libertador"Edit

Since its creation, the Copa Libertadores has been part of the culture of South America.

The Sueño Libertador ("Liberator Dream") is a promotional phrase used by sports journalism in the context of winning or attempting to win the Copa Libertadores.[14] Thus, when a team gets eliminated from the competition, it is said that the team has awakened from the liberator dream. The project normally starts after the club wins its national league (which grants them the right to compete in the following year's Copa Libertadores).

It is common for clubs to spend large sums of money to win the Copa Libertadores. In 1998 for example, Vasco da Gama spent $10 million to win the competition, and in 1998, Palmeiras, managed by Luiz Felipe Scolari, brought Júnior Baiano among other players, winning the 1999 Copa Libertadores. The tournament is highly regarded among its participants. In 2010, players from Guadalajara stated that they would rather play in the Copa Libertadores final than appear in a friendly against Spain, then reigning world champions,[15] and dispute their national league.[16] Similarly, after their triumph in the 2010 Copa do Brasil, several Santos players made it known that they wished to stay at the club and participate in the 2011 Copa Libertadores, despite having multimillion-dollar contracts lined up for them at clubs participating in the UEFA Champions League, such as Chelsea of England and Lyon of France.[17]

Former Boca Juniors goalkeeper Óscar Córdoba has stated that the Copa Libertadores was the most prestigious trophy he won in his career (above the Argentine league, Intercontinental Cup, etc.)[18]

'La Copa se mira y no se toca'Edit

Since its inception in 1960, the Copa Libertadores had predominantly been won by clubs from nations with an Atlantic coast: Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay. Olimpia of Paraguay became the first team outside of those nations to win the Copa Libertadores when they triumphed in 1979.

The first club from a country with a Pacific coast to reach a final was Universitario of Lima, Peru, who lost in 1972 against Independiente of Argentina.[19] The following year, Independiente defeated Colo-Colo of Chile, another Pacific team, creating the myth that the trophy would never go to the west, giving birth to the saying, "La Copa se mira y no se toca" (Spanish: The Cup is to be seen, not to be touched).[19] Unión Española became the third Pacific team to reach the final in 1975, although they also lost to Independiente.[19] Atletico Nacional of Medellín, Colombia, won the Copa Libertadores in 1989, becoming the first nation with a Pacific coastline to win the tournament.[20] In 1990 and 1998 Barcelona Sporting Club, of Ecuador also made it to the final but lost both finals to Olimpia and CR Vasco da Gama respectively.

Other clubs from nations with Pacific coastlines to have won the competition are Colo-Colo of Chile in 1991, Once Caldas of Colombia in 2004, and LDU Quito of Ecuador in 2008. Atletico Nacional of Colombia earned their second title in 2016. Particular mockery was used from Argentinian teams to Chilean teams for never having obtained the Copa Libertadores, so after Colo-Colo's triumph in 1991 a new phrase saying "la copa se mira y se toca" (Spanish: The Cup is seen and touched) was implemented in Chile.

AmbassadorEdit

 
Pelé (here pictured in 2006) was designated ambassador of the Copa Libertadores

Pelé, regarded by many football historians, former players and fans to be the best footballer in the game's history,[21] was appointed ambassador of the Copa Libertadores in 2008 by Banco Santander, the competition's main sponsor by then.[22][23] The assignment was then renovated as the corporation considered Pelé "a promoter of the competition with his team Santos FC during the 1960s".[24]

In 1999, he was voted as the Football Player of the Century by the IFFHS International Federation of Football History and Statistics. In the same year, French weekly magazine France-Football consulted their former "Ballon D'Or" winners to elect the Football Player of the Century. Pelé came in first place.[25] In 1999 the International Olympic Committee named Pelé the "Athlete of the Century".[26]

Media coverageEdit

The tournament attracts television audiences beyond South America, Mexico, and Spain. Matches are broadcast in over 135 countries, with commentary in more than 30 languages, and thus the Copa is often considered one of the most watched sports events on TV;[27] Fox Sports, for example, reaches more than 25 million households in the Americas.[28] Movistar+ broadcasts live Copa Libertadores matches in Spain.[29]

As of January 19, 2019 beIN Sports has obtained the broadcasting rights for Australia, Canada, MENA, New Zealand, and the United States beginning in 2019 through 2022.[30]

SponsorshipEdit

From 1997 to 2017, the competition had a single main sponsor for naming rights. The first major sponsor was Toyota, who signed a ten-year contract with CONMEBOL in 1997.[31] The second major sponsor was Banco Santander, who signed a five-year contract with CONMEBOL in 2008.[32] The third major sponsor was Bridgestone, who signed a sponsorship deal for naming rights for a period of five years from 2013 edition to 2017.[33]

As of 2022, sponsors of Copa Libertadores are:

 
The logo of Banco Santander displayed on the field of Estadio Gran Parque Central, 2010

Match ballEdit

Nike supplies the official match ball since 2003, as they do for all other CONMEBOL competitions.[34][35] As of 2022, the current match ball for the Copa Libertadores is the Nike Flight.[36]

The Flight model was introduced in 2020 in replacement of the "Merlin" by the same manufacturer. A different version of the Flight had been used during the 2021 Copa América.[37]

Records and statisticsEdit

The data below does not include the 1948 South American Championship of Champions, as it is not listed by Conmebol either as a Copa Libertadores edition or as an official competition. However, at least in the years 1996/1997, Conmebol entitled equal status to both Copa Libertadores and the 1948 tournament, in that the 1948 champion club (CR Vasco da Gama) was allowed to participate in Supercopa Libertadores, a Conmebol official competition that allowed participation for former Libertadores champions only (for example, not admitting participation for champions of other Conmebol official competitions, such as Copa CONMEBOL).

List of finalsEdit

  • From 1960 to 1987 the winner was defined by points (2 per win, 1 per draw), with a third match if necessary.
  • From 1989 to 2018 the winner was defined by goal difference, with no playoff held.
  • From 2019, the final was played under a single match.
Keys
  •   Playoff result
  •   Aggregate score (only indicated in case both teams were tied on points)
  •   Defined on penalty shoot-out in the second leg
Year Winners 1st.
leg
2nd.
leg
Playoff/
Agg.
Runners-up Venue
(1st leg)
City
(1st leg)
Venue
(2nd leg)
City
(2nd leg)
Venue
(Playoff)
City
(Playoff)
1960   Peñarol
1–0
1–1
  Olimpia Centenario Montevideo M. Ferreira Asunción
1961   Peñarol
1–0
1–1
  Palmeiras Centenario Montevideo Pacaembu São Paulo
1962   Santos
2–1
2–3
3–0
  Peñarol Villa Belmiro Santos Centenario Montevideo Monumental Buenos Aires
1963   Santos
3–2
2–1
  Boca Juniors Maracanã Rio de Janeiro Bombonera Buenos Aires
1964   Independiente
0–0
1–0
  Nacional Centenario Montevideo Independiente Avellaneda
1965   Independiente
1–0
1–3
4–1
  Peñarol Independiente Avellaneda Centenario Montevideo Est. Nacional Santiago
1966   Peñarol
2–0
2–3
4–2
  River Plate Centenario Montevideo Monumental Buenos Aires Est. Nacional Santiago
1967   Racing
0–0
0–0
2–1
  Nacional Racing Avellaneda Centenario Montevideo Est. Nacional Santiago
1968   Estudiantes
2–1
1–3
2–0
  Palmeiras Estudiantes La Plata Pacaembu São Paulo Centenario Montevideo
1969   Estudiantes
1–0
2–0
  Nacional Centenario Montevideo Estudiantes La Plata
1970   Estudiantes
1–0
0–0
  Peñarol Estudiantes La Plata Centenario Montevideo
1971   Nacional
0–1
1–0
2–0
  Estudiantes Estudiantes La Plata Centenario Montevideo Nacional Lima
1972   Independiente
0–0
2–1
  Universitario Est. Nacional Lima Independiente Avellaneda
1973   Independiente
1–1
0–0
2–1
  Colo Colo Independiente Avellaneda Est. Nacional Santiago Centenario Montevideo
1974   Independiente
1–2
2–0
1–0
  São Paulo Pacaembu São Paulo Independiente Avellaneda Est. Nacional Santiago
1975   Independiente
0–1
3–1
2–0
  Unión Española Est. Nacional Santiago Independiente Avellaneda Def. del Chaco Asunción
1976   Cruzeiro
4–1
1–2
3–2
  River Plate Mineirão Belo Horizonte Monumental Buenos Aires Est. Nacional Santiago
1977   Boca Juniors
1–0
0–1
0–0 (5–4 (p))
  Cruzeiro Bombonera Buenos Aires Mineirão Belo Horizonte Centenario Montevideo
1978   Boca Juniors
0–0
4–0
  Deportivo Cali P. Guerrero Cali Bombonera Buenos Aires
1979   Olimpia
2–0
0–0
  Boca Juniors Def. del Chaco Asunción Bombonera Buenos Aires
1980   Nacional
0–0
1–0
  Internacional Beira-Rio Porto Alegre Centenario Montevideo
1981   Flamengo
2–1
0–1
2–0
  Cobreloa Maracanã Rio de Janeiro Est. Nacional Santiago Centenario Montevideo
1982   Peñarol
0–0
1–0
  Cobreloa Centenario Montevideo Est. Nacional Santiago
1983   Grêmio
1–1
2–1
  Peñarol Centenario Montevideo Olímpico Porto Alegre
1984   Independiente
1–0
0–0
  Grêmio Olímpico Porto Alegre Independiente Avellaneda
1985   Argentinos Juniors
1–0
0–1
1–1 (5–4 (p))
  América Cali Monumental Buenos Aires P. Guerrero Cali Def. del Chaco Asunción
1986   River Plate
2–1
1–0
  América Cali P. Guerrero Cali Monumental Buenos Aires
1987   Peñarol
0–2
2–1
1–0
  América Cali P. Guerrero Cali Centenario Montevideo Est. Nacional Santiago
1988   Nacional
0–1
3–0
3–1
  Newell's Old Boys R. Central Rosario Centenario Montevideo
1989   Atlético Nacional
0–2
2–0
5–4 (p)
  Olimpia Def. del Chaco Asunción El Campín Bogotá
1990   Olimpia
2–0
1–1
  Barcelona Def. del Chaco Asunción Monumental Guayaquil
1991   Colo Colo
0–0
3–0
  Olimpia Def. del Chaco Asunción D. Arellano Santiago
1992   São Paulo
0–1
1–0
3–2 (p)
  Newell's Old Boys R. Central Rosario Morumbi São Paulo
1993   São Paulo
5–1
0–2
5–3
  Universidad Católica Morumbi São Paulo Est. Nacional Santiago
1994   Vélez Sarsfield
1–0
0–1
5–3 (p)
  São Paulo J. Amalfitani Buenos Aires Morumbi São Paulo
1995   Grêmio
3–1
1–1
  Atlético Nacional Olímpico Porto Alegre A. Girardot Medellín
1996   River Plate
0–1
2–0
2–1
  América Cali P. Guerrero Cali Monumental Buenos Aires
1997   Cruzeiro
0–0
1–0
  Sporting Cristal Est. Nacional Lima Mineirão Belo Horizonte
1998   Vasco da Gama
2–0
2–1
  Barcelona São Januário Rio de Janeiro Monumental Guayaquil
1999   Palmeiras
0–1
2–1
4–3 (p)
  Deportivo Cali P. Guerrero Cali Palestra Itália São Paulo
2000   Boca Juniors
2–2
0–0
4–2 (p)
  Palmeiras Bombonera Buenos Aires Morumbi São Paulo
2001   Boca Juniors
1–0
0–1
3–1 (p)
  Cruz Azul Est. Azteca Mexico DF Bombonera Buenos Aires
2002   Olimpia
0–1
2–1
4–2 (p)
  São Caetano Def. del Chaco Asunción Pacaembu São Paulo
2003   Boca Juniors
2–0
3–1
  Santos Bombonera Buenos Aires Morumbi São Paulo
2004   Once Caldas
0–0
1–1
2–0 (p)
  Boca Juniors Bombonera Buenos Aires Palogrande Manizales
2005   São Paulo
1–1
4–0
  Athletico Paranaense Beira-Rio Porto Alegre Morumbi São Paulo
2006   Internacional
2–1
2–2
  São Paulo Morumbi São Paulo Beira-Rio Porto Alegre
2007   Boca Juniors
3–0
2–0
  Grêmio Bombonera Buenos Aires Olímpico Porto Alegre
2008   LDU Quito
4–2
1–3
3–1 (p)
  Fluminense Casa Blanca Quito Maracanã Rio de Janeiro
2009   Estudiantes
0–0
2–1
  Cruzeiro Estadio Único La Plata Mineirão Belo Horizonte
2010   Internacional
2–1
3–2
  Guadalajara Omnilife Zapopan Beira-Rio Porto Alegre
2011   Santos
0–0
2–1
  Peñarol Centenario Montevideo Pacaembu São Paulo
2012   Corinthians
1–1
2–0
  Boca Juniors Bombonera Buenos Aires Pacaembu São Paulo
2013   Atético Mineiro
0–2
2–0
4–3 (p)
  Olimpia Def. Chaco Asunción Mineirão Belo Horizonte
2014   San Lorenzo
1–1
1–0
  Nacional Def. Chaco Asunción P. Bidegain Buenos Aires
2015   River Plate
0–0
3–0
  UANL Universitario Nuevo León Monumental Buenos Aires
2016   Atlético Nacional
1–1
1–0
  Independiente del Valle Olímpico Quito A. Girardot Medellín
2017   Grêmio
1–0
2–1
  Lanús Grêmio Porto Alegre Ciudad Lanús Lanús
2018   River Plate
2–2
3–1
  Boca Juniors Bombonera Buenos Aires S. Bernabéu Madrid
2019   Flamengo
2–1
  River Plate Monumental Lima
2020   Palmeiras
1–0
  Santos Maracanã Rio de Janeiro
2021   Palmeiras
2–1
  Flamengo Centenario Montevideo
2022   Monumental Guayaquil
Notes
  1. ^ Since this edition, the final was played under a single match format.

Performances by clubEdit

Bolivia and Venezuela are the only countries never to reach a final. Beyond them, Peru (and Mexico in their invitational period) are the only ones never to win a final.

Performance in the Copa Libertadores by club
Club Titles Runners-up Seasons won Seasons runner-up
  Independiente 7 0 1964, 1965, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1984
  Boca Juniors 6 5 1977, 1978, 2000, 2001, 2003, 2007 1963, 1979, 2004, 2012, 2018
  Peñarol 5 5 1960, 1961, 1966, 1982, 1987 1962, 1965, 1970, 1983, 2011
  River Plate 4 3 1986, 1996, 2015, 2018 1966, 1976, 2019
  Estudiantes 4 1 1968, 1969, 1970, 2009 1971
  Olimpia 3 4 1979, 1990, 2002 1960, 1989, 1991, 2013
  Nacional 3 3 1971, 1980, 1988 1964, 1967, 1969
  São Paulo 3 3 1992, 1993, 2005 1974, 1994, 2006
  Palmeiras 3 3 1999, 2020, 2021 1961, 1968, 2000
  Santos 3 2 1962, 1963, 2011 2003, 2020
  Grêmio 3 2 1983, 1995, 2017 1984, 2007
  Cruzeiro 2 2 1976, 1997 1977, 2009
  Flamengo 2 1 1981, 2019 2021
  Atlético Nacional 2 1 1989, 2016 1995
  Internacional 2 1 2006, 2010 1980
  Colo-Colo 1 1 1991 1973
  Racing 1 0 1967
  Argentinos Juniors 1 0 1985
  Vélez Sársfield 1 0 1994
  Vasco da Gama 1 0 1998
  Once Caldas 1 0 2004
  LDU Quito 1 0 2008
  Corinthians 1 0 2012
  Atlético Mineiro 1 0 2013
  San Lorenzo 1 0 2014
  América de Cali 0 4 1985, 1986, 1987, 1996
  Deportivo Cali 0 2 1978, 1999
  Cobreloa 0 2 1981, 1982
  Newell's Old Boys 0 2 1988, 1992
  Barcelona 0 2 1990, 1998
  Universitario 0 1 1972
  Unión Española 0 1 1975
  Universidad Católica 0 1 1993
  Sporting Cristal 0 1 1997
  Cruz Azul 0 1 2001
  São Caetano 0 1 2002
  Athletico Paranaense 0 1 2005
  Fluminense 0 1 2008
  Guadalajara 0 1 2010
  Nacional 0 1 2014
  UANL 0 1 2015
  Independiente del Valle 0 1 2016
  Lanús 0 1 2017

Performances by nationEdit

Performances in finals by nation
Nation Titles Runners-up Total
  Argentina 25 12 37
  Brazil 21 17 38
  Uruguay 8 8 16
  Colombia 3 7 10
  Paraguay 3 5 8
  Chile 1 5 6
  Ecuador 1 3 4
  Mexico 0 3 3
  Peru 0 2 2

Most goalsEdit

Alberto Spencer scored 54 total goals in the competition, a record that still stands today.
Daniel Onega scored a record 17 goals in a single season during the 1966 tournament.
Rank Country Player Goals Apps Goal Ratio Debut Club(s)
1   Alberto Spencer 54 87 0.62 1960   Peñarol
  Barcelona
2   Fernando Morena 37 77 0.48 1973   Peñarol
3   Pedro Rocha 36 88 0.41 1962   Peñarol
  São Paulo
  Palmeiras
4   Daniel Onega 31 47 0.66 1966   River Plate
5   Julio Morales 30 76 0.39 1966   Nacional
6   Antony de Ávila 29 94 0.31 1983   América de Cali
  Barcelona
  Juan Carlos Sarnari 29 62 0.47 1966   River Plate
  Universidad Católica
  Universidad de Chile
  Santa Fe
  Luizão 29 43 0.67 1998   Vasco da Gama
  Corinthians
  Grêmio
  São Paulo
9   Juan Carlos Sánchez 26 53 0.49 1973   Jorge Wilstermann
  Blooming
  San José
  Luis Artime 26 40 0.65 1966   Independiente
  Nacional

Most appearancesEdit

Rank Country Player Apps Goals From To Club(s)
1   Ever Hugo Almeida 113 0 1973 1990 Olimpia
2   Antony de Ávila 94 29 1983 1998 América de Cali
Barcelona
3   Vladimir Soria 93 4 1986 2000 Bolívar
4   Willington Ortiz 92 19 1973 1988 Millonarios
América de Cali
Deportivo Cali
5   Rogério Ceni 90 14 2004 2015 São Paulo
6   Pedro Rocha 88 36 1962 1979 Peñarol
São Paulo
Palmeiras
7   Alberto Spencer 87 54 1960 1972 Peñarol
Barcelona
  Carlos Borja 87 11 1979 1997 Bolívar
9   Juan Battaglia 85 22 1978 1990 Cerro Porteño
América de Cali
10   Álex Escobar 83 14 1985 2000 América de Cali
LDU Quito

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Carluccio, José (September 2, 2007). "¿Qué es la Copa Libertadores de América?" [What is the Copa Libertadores de América?] (in Spanish). Historia y Fútbol. Retrieved May 18, 2010.
  2. ^ a b "River y Colón no tienen fecha fija" [River and Colón do not have a date set] (in Spanish). La Nación. December 13, 1997. Retrieved May 18, 2010.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w "Reglamento CONMEBOL Libertadores 2019" [2019 CONMEBOL Libertadores Regulations] (PDF) (in Spanish). CONMEBOL. Retrieved January 7, 2019.
  4. ^ La Nación; Historia del Fútbol Chileno, 1985
  5. ^ Bekerman, Esteban (2008). Perfil.com (ed.). "Hace 60 años, River perdía la gran chance de ser el primer club campeón de América" [60 years ago, River lost the chance to be the first club champion of America] (in Spanish). Archived from the original on May 21, 2013. Retrieved May 10, 2008.
  6. ^ "Globo Esporte, 10/May/2015: Especial: Liga dos Campeões completa 60 anos, e Neymar ajuda a contar essa história. Accessed in 06/December/2015". Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved August 24, 2020.
  7. ^ Spanish newspaper El Mundo Deportivo, 09/Oct/1958, pag. 04.
  8. ^ "ABC (Madrid) - 09/10/1958, p. 58 - ABC.es Hemeroteca". hemeroteca.abc.es.
  9. ^ "Magnífico sorteo de la Copa Nissan Sudamericana 2010 en Asunción" [Magnificent draw for the 2010 Copa Nissan Sudamericana in Asunción] (in Spanish). CONMEBOL. April 28, 2010. Archived from the original on May 2, 2010. Retrieved May 18, 2010.
  10. ^ Taringa.com (ed.). "Las chapitas de la Copa Libertadores" [The plaques of the Copa Libertadores] (in Spanish). Retrieved May 1, 2010.
  11. ^ "El trofeo de la Copa Libertadores se hizo en el Perú" [The Copa Libertadore trophy was made in Peru] (in Spanish). HD Mundo. Archived from the original on January 12, 2016. Retrieved August 30, 2010.
  12. ^ "History of the Copa Libertdores". Historiayfutbol.obolog.com. June 10, 2009. Retrieved May 16, 2014.
  13. ^ "Una Libertadores histórica, millonaria en premios y más emocionante que nunca". CONMEBOL.com. Retrieved March 5, 2019.
  14. ^ Carter, Arturo Brizio (January 16, 2004). "Sueño Libertador" [Liberator Dream] (in Spanish). El Siglo de Durango. Archived from the original on July 22, 2011. Retrieved May 18, 2010.
  15. ^ "España viene con 18 Campeones del Mundo" [Spain arrives with 18 world champions] (in Spanish). Medio Tiempo. August 5, 2010. Retrieved August 5, 2010.
  16. ^ Téllez, Juan (August 5, 2010). "Para Luis Michel la prioridad es la Copa Libertadores" [For Luis Michel the priority is the Copa Libertadores] (in Spanish). Medio Tiempo. Retrieved August 5, 2010.
  17. ^ "Quiero quedarme en Santos: Robinho" [Robinho: I want to stay en Santos] (in Spanish). Medio Tiempo. August 5, 2010. Retrieved August 5, 2010.
  18. ^ "Una copa, brindis y a dormir porque había que pensar en San Lorenzo" [A cup, a toast, and then to sleep because I have to think about San Lorenzo]. Cancha Llena. November 27, 2010. Retrieved November 28, 2010.
  19. ^ a b c "Copa Libertadores" (in Spanish). Club Atlético Independiente. Archived from the original on April 4, 2010. Retrieved May 21, 2010.
  20. ^ Atlético Nacional recuerda con nostálgia a 32 años de su primera Copa Libertadores on Goal.com
  21. ^ "The Best of The Best". Rsssf.com. June 19, 2009. Retrieved June 12, 2010.
  22. ^ "El Banco Santander renueva a Pelé como embajador de la Copa Libertadores" (in Spanish). Europapress.es. August 18, 2010. Retrieved May 16, 2014.
  23. ^ Pelé visitará Chile como embajador de la Copa Libertadores ADN Radio, 9 Mar 2008
  24. ^ "Yo soy mejor de la cabeza que Maradona" interview with Pelé on El Gráfico, September 2010
  25. ^ France Football's Football Player of the Century Retrieved May 1, 2011
  26. ^ "Pelé still in global demand". CNN Sports Illustrated. May 29, 2002. Retrieved May 30, 2008.
  27. ^ "Copa Libertadores TV revenues rise". Sports business. March 9, 2006. Retrieved February 2, 2008.
  28. ^ Amoroso, Sebastian. "Copa Libertadores: "We estimate to have about 70 matches filmed in HD"". TodoTV News. Archived from the original on July 17, 2011. Retrieved February 2, 2010.
  29. ^ "Boca vs River: la 'final del siglo' será en sábado: 10 y 24 de noviembre" (in Spanish). Marca. November 1, 2018.
  30. ^ "beIN SPORTS Wins Exclusive Broadcast Rights to Copa Libertadores, Copa Sudamericana and Recopa Sudamericana". AP News. January 18, 2019.
  31. ^ "Bridgestone succeeds Santander as Copa Libertadores title sponsor". Soccerrex. 2012. Retrieved November 6, 2018.
  32. ^ "Corporation Sponsorship". Santander Group. 2013. Retrieved September 26, 2013.
  33. ^ "Bridgestone and Conmebol announce five-year sponsorship of Copa Libertadores". Bridgestone Americas. 2012. Retrieved November 6, 2018.
  34. ^ "Nike presentó la nueva pelota para el Torneo" [Nike presented the new ball for the tournament] (in Spanish). Info Bae. January 13, 2010. Retrieved January 12, 2010.
  35. ^ "The Nike "Ordem" is the official ball of the 2014 Copa Bridgestone". Conmebol. 2014. Retrieved November 6, 2018.
  36. ^ Balón Copa Libertadores 2022 on Planetafobal.com, 20 Dec 2021
  37. ^ Así es el Nike Flight, balón de la Copa América: características y precio 13 Jul 2021, on As

Further readingEdit

  • Goldblatt, David Goldblatt (2008). The Ball Is Round: A Global History of Soccer. Penguin Group. ISBN 978-1-59448-296-0.
  • Jozsa, Frank (2009). Global Sports: Cultures, Markets and Organizations. World Scientific. ISBN 978-981-283-569-7.
  • Barraza, Jorge (1990). Copa Libertadores de América, 30 años (in Spanish). Confederación Sudamericana de Fútbol.
  • Napoleão, Antonio Carlos (1999). O Brasil na Taça Libertadores da América (in Portuguese). Mauad Editora Ltda. ISBN 85-7478-001-4.

External linksEdit

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