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The Chilean Primera División (First Division) is the top tier league of the Chilean football league system. It is organized by the ANFP. The league is known as the Campeonato AFP PlanVital for sponsorship reasons.

Campeonato Nacional
Founded1933
CountryChile
ConfederationCONMEBOL
Number of teams16
Level on pyramid1
Relegation toPrimera B
Domestic cup(s)Copa Chile
International cup(s)Copa Libertadores
Copa Sudamericana
Current championsUniversidad Católica (13th title)
(2018)
Most championshipsColo-Colo (32 titles)
Top goalscorerFrancisco Valdés (215)[1]
TV partnersCDF
La Red
Websitehttp://www.anfp.cl
2019 season

Contents

FormatEdit

As of the 2015–16 season, 16 teams compete in the league, which is split into Apertura and Clausura tournaments.[2]

Relegation and promotionEdit

Currently, the two teams with the worst scores in the complete season (including Apertura and Clausura, but excluding the play-off stage), are relegated to Primera B, and replaced by the Champions and Runners-up of this Division. There is also a Relegation Playoff Tournament, played in a home-and-away basis by the teams that finish 15º and 16° in the First Division against the teams that finish 3° and 4° in the Primera B.[citation needed]

Qualification for international competitionsEdit

The champions of the Apertura and Clausura of each season are immediately qualified to Copa Libertadores for the next year. The third Chilean spot in that tournament is used by the team with the highest score in the Clausura regular phase (that is, excluding the play-offs).[citation needed]

HistoryEdit

ProfessionalismEdit

In 1933, eight big clubs at that time, namely, Unión Española, Badminton, Colo-Colo, Audax Italiano, Green Cross, Morning Star, Magallanes and Santiago National, founded the Liga Profesional de Football de Santiago (LPF) on May 31, 1933. The newly formed body was recognized by the Federación de Fútbol de Chile on June 2, 1933.[citation needed]

The first edition of professional competition was contested by the eight founding teams and was won by Magallanes after defeating Colo-Colo in a decisive match. In the following year, according to the disposition of Federación de Fútbol de Chile, Liga Profesional returned to integrate with the AFS. As part of the negotiations for reunification, four teams from AFS, namely, Ferroviarios, Carlos Walker, Deportivo Alemán, and Santiago F.C., would join the 1934 professional competition. Moreover, it was also decided that the last six teams in the 1934 competition would be eliminated to form the new second division in 1935. The title of the expanded 1934 edition was again clinched by Magallanes, which won 10 out of the 11 matches that year.[3]

Current teamsEdit

List of seasonsEdit

Seasons Champions Runners-up Leading goalscorer(s)[5]
1933 Magallanes (1) Colo-Colo   Luis Carvallo (Colo-Colo; 9 goals)
1934 Magallanes (2) Audax Italiano   Carlos Giuduce (Audax Italiano; 19 goals)
1935 Magallanes (3) Audax Italiano   Aurelio Domínguez (Colo-Colo; 12 goals)
  Guillermo Ogaz (Magallanes; 12 goals)
1936 Audax Italiano (1) Magallanes   Hernán Bolaños (Audax Italiano; 14 goals)
1937 Colo-Colo (1) Magallanes   Hernán Bolaños (Audax Italiano; 16 goals)
1938 Magallanes (4) Audax Italiano   Gustavo Pizarro (Badminton; 17 goals)
1939 Colo-Colo (2) Santiago Morning   Alfonso Domínguez (Colo-Colo; 32 goals)
1940 Universidad de Chile (1) Audax Italiano   Victor Alonso (Universidad de Chile; 20 goals)
  Pedro Valenzuela (Magallanes; 20 goals)
1941 Colo-Colo (3) Santiago Morning   José Profetta (Santiago National; 19 goals)
1942 Santiago Morning (1) Magallanes   Domingo Romo (Santiago Morning; 16 goals)
1943 Unión Española (1) Colo-Colo   Luis Machuca (Unión Española; 17 goals)
  Victor Mancilla Universidad Católica (17 goals)
1944 Colo-Colo (4) Audax Italiano   Juan Alcantara (Audax Italiano; 19 goals)
  Alfonso Domínguez (Colo-Colo; 19 goals)
1945 Green Cross (1) Unión Española   Ubaldo Cruche (Universidad de Chile; 17 goals)
  Hugo Giorgi (Audax Italiano; 17 goals)
  Juan Zarate (Green Cross; 17 goals)
1946 Audax Italiano (2) Magallanes   Ubaldo Cruche (Universidad de Chile; 25 goals)
1947 Colo-Colo (5) Audax Italiano   Apolonides Vera (Santiago National; 17 goals)
1948 Audax Italiano (3) Unión Española   Juan Zarate (Audax Italiano; 22 goals)
1949 Universidad Católica (1) Santiago Wanderers   Mario Lorca (Unión Española; 20 goals)
1950 Everton (1) Unión Española   Félix Díaz (Green Cross; 21 goals)
1951 Unión Española (2) Audax Italiano   Rubén Aguilera (Santiago Morning; 21 goals)
  Carlos Tello (Audax Italiano; 21 goals)
1952 Everton (2) Colo-Colo   René Meléndez (Everton; 30 goals)
1953 Colo-Colo (6) Palestino   Jorge Robledo (Colo-Colo; 26 goals)
1954 Universidad Católica (2) Colo-Colo   Jorge Robledo (Colo-Colo; 25 goals)
1955 Palestino (1) Colo-Colo   Nicolás Moreno (Green Cross; 27 goals)
1956 Colo-Colo (7) Santiago Wanderers   Guillermo Villarroel (O'Higgins; 19 goals)
1957 Audax Italiano (4) Universidad de Chile   Gustavo Albella (Green Cross; 27 goals)
1958 Santiago Wanderers (1) Colo-Colo   Gustavo Albella (Green Cross; 23 goals)
  Carlos Verdejo (La Serena; 23 goals)
1959 Universidad de Chile (2) Colo-Colo   José Benito Rios (O'Higgins; 22 goals)
1960 Colo-Colo (8) Santiago Wanderers   Juan Falcon (Palestino; 21 goals)
1961 Universidad Católica (3) Universidad de Chile   Carlos Campos (Universidad de Chile; 24 goals)
  Honorino Landa (Unión Española; 24 goals)
1962 Universidad de Chile (3) Universidad Católica   Carlos Campos (Universidad de Chile; 34 goals)
1963 Colo-Colo (9) Universidad de Chile   Luis Hernán Álvarez (Colo-Colo; 37 goals)
1964 Universidad de Chile (4) Universidad Católica   Daniel Escudero (Everton; 25 goals)
1965 Universidad de Chile (5) Universidad Católica   Héctor Scandolli (Rangers; 25 goals)
1966 Universidad Católica (4) Colo-Colo   Carlos Campos (Universidad de Chile; 21 goals)
  Felipe Bracamonte (Unión San Felipe; 21 goals)
1967 Universidad de Chile (6) Universidad Católica   Eladio Zárate (Unión Española; 28 goals)
1968 Santiago Wanderers (2) Universidad Católica   Carlos Reinoso (Audax Italiano; 21 goals)
1969 Universidad de Chile (7) Rangers   Eladio Zárate (Unión Española; 22 goals)
1970 Colo-Colo (10) Unión Española   Osvaldo Castro (Deportes Concepción; 36 goals)
1971 Unión San Felipe (1) Universidad de Chile   Eladio Zárate (Universidad de Chile; 25 goals)
1972 Colo-Colo (11) Unión Española   Fernando Espinoza (Magallanes; 25 goals)
1973 Unión Española (3) Colo-Colo   Guillermo Yávar (Unión Española; 21 goals)
1974 Huachipato (1) Palestino   Julio Crisosto (Colo-Colo; 28 goals)
1975 Unión Española (4) Concepción   Victor Pizarro (Santiago Morning; 27 goals)
1976 Everton (3) Unión Española     Óscar Fabbiani (Palestino; 23 goals)
1977 Unión Española (5) Everton     Óscar Fabbiani (Palestino; 34 goals)
1978 Palestino (2) Cobreloa     Óscar Fabbiani (Palestino; 35 goals)
1979 Colo-Colo (12) Cobreloa   Carlos Caszely (Colo-Colo; 20 goals)
1980 Cobreloa (1) Universidad de Chile   Carlos Caszely (Colo-Colo; 26 goals)
1981 Colo-Colo (13) Cobreloa   Victor Cabrera (San Luis; 20 goals)
  Carlos Caszely (Colo-Colo; 20 goals)
  Luis Marcoleta (Magallanes; 20 goals)
1982 Cobreloa (2) Colo-Colo   Jorge Luis Siviero (Cobreloa; 18 goals)
1983 Colo-Colo (14) Cobreloa   Washington Olivera (Cobreloa; 29 goals)
1984 Universidad Católica (5) Cobresal   Victor Cabrera (Regional Atacama; 18 goals)
1985 Cobreloa (3) Everton   Ivo Basay (Magallanes; 19 goals)
1986 Colo-Colo (15) Palestino   Sergio Salgado (Cobresal; 18 goals)
1987 Universidad Católica (6) Colo-Colo   Osvaldo Hurtado (Universidad Católica; 21 goals)
1988 Cobreloa (4) Cobresal   Gustavo De Luca (Deportes La Serena; 18 goals)
  Juan José Oré (Deportes Iquique; 18 goals)
1989 Colo-Colo (16) Universidad Católica   Rubén Martínez (Cobresal; 25 goals)
1990 Colo-Colo (17) Universidad Católica   Rubén Martínez (Colo-Colo; 22 goals)
1991 Colo-Colo (18) Coquimbo Unido   Rubén Martínez (Colo-Colo; 23 goals)
1992 Cobreloa (5) Colo-Colo   Aníbal González (Colo-Colo; 24 goals)
1993 Colo-Colo (19) Cobreloa   Marco Antonio Figueroa (Cobreloa; 18 goals)
1994 Universidad de Chile (8) Universidad Católica   Alberto Acosta (Universidad Católica; 33 goals)
1995 Universidad de Chile (9) Universidad Católica   Gabriel Caballero (Deportes Antofagasta; 18 goals)
  Aníbal González (Palestino; 18 goals)
1996 Colo-Colo (20) Universidad Católica   Mario Véner (Santiago Wanderers; 30 goals)
1997 Apertura Universidad Católica (7) Colo-Colo   David Bisconti (Universidad Católica; 15 goals)
Clausura Colo-Colo (21) Universidad Católica   Richart Báez (Universidad de Chile; 10 goals)
  Rubén Vallejos (Deportes Puerto Montt; 10 goals)
1998 Colo-Colo (22) Universidad de Chile   Pedro González (Universidad de Chile; 23 goals)
1999 Universidad de Chile (10) Universidad Católica   Mario Núñez (O'Higgins; 34 goals)
2000 Universidad de Chile (11) Cobreloa   Pedro González (Universidad de Chile; 26 goals)
2001 Santiago Wanderers (3) Universidad Católica   Héctor Tapia (Colo-Colo; 24 goals)
2002 Apertura Universidad Católica (8) Rangers   Sebastián González (Colo-Colo; 18 goals)
Clausura Colo-Colo (23) Universidad Católica   Manuel Neira (Colo-Colo; 14 goals)
2003 Apertura Cobreloa (6) Colo-Colo   Salvador Cabañas (Audax Italiano; 18 goals)
Clausura Cobreloa (7) Colo-Colo   Gustavo Biscayzacú (Unión Española; 21 goals)
2004 Apertura Universidad de Chile (12) Cobreloa   Patricio Galaz (Cobreloa; 23 goals)
Clausura Cobreloa (8) Unión Española   Patricio Galaz (Cobreloa; 19 goals)
2005 Apertura Unión Española (6) Coquimbo Unido   Joel Estay (Everton; 13 goals)
  Álvaro Sarabia (Deportes Puerto Montt; 13 goals)
  Héctor Mancilla (Huachipato; 13 goals)
Clausura Universidad Católica (9) Universidad de Chile   Cristián Montecinos (Concepción; 13 goals)
  Gonzalo Fierro (Colo-Colo; 13 goals)
  César Díaz (Cobresal; 13 goals)
2006 Apertura Colo-Colo (24) Universidad de Chile   Humberto Suazo (Colo-Colo; 19 goals)
Clausura Colo-Colo (25) Audax Italiano   Leonardo Monje (Universidad de Concepción; 17 goals)
2007 Apertura Colo-Colo (26) Universidad Católica   Humberto Suazo (Colo-Colo; 18 goals)
Clausura Colo-Colo (27) Universidad de Concepción   Carlos Villanueva (Audax Italiano; 20 goals)
2008 Apertura Everton (4) Colo-Colo     Lucas Barrios (Colo-Colo; 19 goals)
Clausura Colo-Colo (28) Palestino     Lucas Barrios (Colo-Colo; 18 goals)
2009 Apertura Universidad de Chile (13) Unión Española   Esteban Paredes (Santiago Morning; 17 goals)
Clausura Colo-Colo (29) Universidad Católica   Diego Rivarola (Santiago Morning; 13 goals)
2010 Universidad Católica (10) Colo-Colo   Milovan Mirosevic (Universidad Católica; 19 goals)
2011 Apertura Universidad de Chile (14) Universidad Católica   Matías Urbano (Unión San Felipe; 12 goals)
Clausura Universidad de Chile (15) Cobreloa   Esteban Paredes (Colo-Colo; 14 goals)
2012 Apertura Universidad de Chile (16) O'Higgins   Enzo Gutiérrez (O'Higgins; 11 goals)
Clausura Huachipato (2) Unión Española   Sebastián Sáez (Audax Italiano; 13 goals)
2013 Unión Española (7) Universidad Católica   Javier Elizondo (Deportes Antofagasta; 14 goals)
  Sebastián Sáez (Audax Italiano; 14 goals)
2013–14 Apertura O'Higgins (1) Universidad Católica   Luciano Vázquez (Ñublense; 11 goals)
Clausura Colo-Colo (30) Universidad Católica   Esteban Paredes (Colo-Colo; 16 goals)
2014–15 Apertura Universidad de Chile (17) Santiago Wanderers   Esteban Paredes (Colo-Colo; 12 goals)
Clausura Cobresal (1) Colo-Colo   Jean Paul Pineda (Unión La Calera; 11 goals)
  Esteban Paredes (Colo Colo; 11 goals)
2015–16 Apertura Colo-Colo (31) Universidad Católica   Marcos Riquelme (Palestino; 11 goals)
Clausura Universidad Católica (11) Colo-Colo   Nicolás Castillo (Universidad Católica; 11 goals)
2016–17 Apertura Universidad Católica (12) Deportes Iquique   Nicolás Castillo (Universidad Católica; 13 goals)
Clausura Universidad de Chile (18) Colo-Colo   Felipe Mora (Universidad de Chile; 13 goals)
2017 Colo-Colo (32) Unión Española   Bryan Carrasco (Audax Italiano; 10 goals)
2018 Universidad Católica (13) Universidad de Concepción   Esteban Paredes (Colo Colo; 19 goals)

Source (not for goalscorers): rsssf.com[6]

Titles by clubEdit

Source:[7]

Club Winners Runners-up Winning years Runners-up years
Colo-Colo 32 20 1937, 1939, 1941, 1944, 1947, 1953, 1956, 1960, 1963, 1970, 1972, 1979, 1981, 1983, 1986, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1993, 1996, 1997 Clausura, 1998, 2002 Clausura, 2006 Apertura, 2006 Clausura, 2007 Apertura, 2007 Clausura, 2008 Clausura, 2009 Clausura, 2014 Clausura, 2015 Apertura, 2017 Transición 1933, 1943, 1952, 1954, 1955, 1958, 1959, 1966, 1973, 1982, 1987, 1992, 1997 Apertura, 2003 Apertura, 2003 Clausura, 2008 Apertura, 2010, 2015 Clausura, 2016 Clausura, 2017 Clausura
Universidad de Chile 18 8 1940, 1959, 1962, 1964, 1965, 1967, 1969, 1994, 1995, 1999, 2000, 2004 Apertura, 2009 Apertura, 2011 Apertura, 2011 Clausura, 2012 Apertura, 2014 Apertura, 2017 Clausura 1957, 1961, 1963, 1971, 1980, 1998, 2005 Clausura, 2006 Apertura
Universidad Católica 13 21 1949, 1954, 1961, 1966, 1984, 1987, 1997 Apertura, 2002 Apertura, 2005 Clausura, 2010, 2016 Clausura, 2016 Apertura, 2018 1962, 1964, 1965, 1967, 1968, 1989, 1990, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997 Clausura, 1999, 2001, 2002 Clausura, 2007 Apertura, 2009 Clausura, 2011 Apertura, 2013 Transición, 2013 Apertura, 2014 Clausura, 2015 Apertura,
Cobreloa 8 8 1980, 1982, 1985, 1988, 1992, 2003 Apertura, 2003 Clausura, 2004 Clausura 1978, 1979, 1981, 1983, 1993, 2000, 2004 Apertura, 2011 Clausura
Unión Española 7 10 1943, 1951, 1973, 1975, 1977, 2005 Apertura, 2013 Transición 1945, 1948, 1950, 1970, 1972, 1976, 2004 Clausura, 2009 Apertura, 2012 Clausura, 2017 Transición
Audax Italiano 4 8 1936, 1946, 1948, 1957 1934, 1935, 1938, 1940, 1944, 1947, 1951, 2006 Clausura
Magallanes 4 4 1933, 1934, 1935, 1938 1936, 1937, 1942, 1946
Everton 4 2 1950, 1952, 1976, 2008 Apertura 1977, 1985
Santiago Wanderers 3 4 1958, 1968, 2001 1949, 1956, 1960, 2014 Apertura
Palestino 2 4 1955, 1978 1953, 1974, 1986, 2008 Clausura
Huachipato 2 0 1974, 2012 Clausura
Santiago Morning 1 2 1942 1939, 1941
Cobresal 1 2 2015 Clausura 1984, 1988
O'Higgins 1 1 2013 Apertura 2012 Apertura
Green Cross 1 0 1945
Unión San Felipe 1 0 1971

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ [Los grandes récords del fútbol chileno], as chile, 25 Sep 2015
  2. ^ "Primera División". Soccerway. Perform. Retrieved 29 March 2016.
  3. ^ Chilean League 1934
  4. ^ Karel Stokkermans (29 May 2016). "Chile 2015/16". RSSSF. Retrieved 30 May 2016.
  5. ^ Andrés, Juan Pablo (December 11, 2009). "Chile – List of Topscorers". RSSSF.
  6. ^ Juan Pablo Andrés and Eric Boesenberg (11 December 2014). "Chile – List of Champions and Runners Up". RSSSF. Retrieved 3 May 2015.
  7. ^ Juan Pablo Andrés and Eric Boesenberg (23 December 2015). "Chile - List of Champions and Runners Up". RSSSF. Retrieved 29 March 2016.

External linksEdit