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Uruguayan Primera División

The Liga Profesional de Primera División [ˈliɣa pɾofesjoˈnal de pɾiˈmeɾa ðiβiˈsjon] (English: First Division Professional League) (local: [pɾiˈmeɾa ðiβiˈsjon]) (English: First Division), named "Torneo Uruguayo Copa Coca-Cola" for sponsorship reasons, is the highest professional football league in Uruguay and organized by the Uruguayan Football Association (AUF).

Torneo Uruguayo
Copa Coca-Cola
Founded1900; 118 years ago (1900)
CountryUruguay
ConfederationCONMEBOL
Number of teams16
Level on pyramid1
Relegation toSegunda División
International cup(s)Copa Libertadores
Copa Sudamericana
Current championsPeñarol (50th title)
(2018)
Most championshipsPeñarol (50 titles) [note 1]
Top goalscorerFernando Morena (230)
TV partnersTenfield, Gol TV
WebsitePrimera División
2018 season

The first championship was held in 1900, being an amateur competition until 1932 when the league became professional. From 1900 to the 2014–15 season there have been 111 first division seasons.

In 2011, the Uruguayan Primera División was regarded as the 23rd most difficult football league in the 21st century by the International Federation of Football History & Statistics (IFFHS).[5]

Peñarol is the most successful Uruguayan club with 50 titles,[note 1] followed by Nacional with 46. Of clubs to win titles, only Rampla Juniors did not win multiple titles. Rampla Juniors and Wanderers were the only clubs to not win titles consecutively.

Contents

HistoryEdit

The Uruguayan Primera División was held by the first time in 1900. Between 1923 and 1925, under the Uruguayan football schism, a dissident league, the Federación Uruguaya de Football, was established. The body operated in parallel with the official Association (AUF). After an intervention by the Uruguayan government to impose the dissolution of the FUF, in 1926 an Provisional Council ("Concejo Provisorio") organised a championship to unify the two organizations. Peñarol was the winner of the Serie A of the tournament. Nevertheless, neither the AUF nor the FIFA recognised the titles of the championships organized by FUF or CP.[3]

It took 44 seasons before a club besides Peñarol or Nacional won a title, when Defensor won its first title 1976. Besides Peñarol or Nacional, no other club has won titles consecutively. Both Peñarol (1958 to 1962 and 1993 to 1997) and Nacional (from 1939 to 1943) hold the record title streaks winning five titles consecutively. The longest period of time since either Peñarol or Nacional won a title was from 1987 to 1991, when Defensor, Danubio, Progreso, Bella Vista, and Defensor Sporting together won five titles in that period.[6]

After 1994, the competition was divided in two stages, called the Opening Championship (Torneo Apertura) and Closing Championship (Torneo Clausura), with an end-of-season two-legged final match between the winners of these two tournaments.

Originally, like other South American football leagues, the league was contested according to the calendar year, from austral summer to summer in the Southern Hemisphere. In 2005, the league started to play the "European season", from boreal summer to summer in Northern Hemisphere starting in August, with the aim of preventing clubs from losing many players in the middle of the season. In the first semester of 2005, a special tournament was held to decide the qualification to international competition. In the 2005–06 season, the winners of the Apertura and Clausura tournaments played a two (or three) legged play-off; the winner of that playoff played against the best team in the aggregate table to decide the 2005–06 season champion.

In the 2006–07 season, the competition was reduced to 16 clubs. The season of 2008–09 was intended to be the last one to be played in "European season", as the system appeared to be unable to prevent clubs from losing players between the Apertura (opening) tournament and the Clausura (closing). However, the transition did not take place for several years. After a regular 2015–16 season was played, a short 2016 was played in the latter half of the year, with the full calendar year system in place beginning with the 2017 season.

Participating teamsEdit

A total of 58 teams have participated in the Primera Division since its inception in 1900. Nacional has played the most seasons followed by Peñarol. Of the so-called 'minor' teams the record for most seasons lies with Montevideo Wanderers.

2018 seasonEdit

All statistics pertain only to the Uruguayan Championships organized by the Uruguayan Football Association (AUF), not including FUF tournaments of 1923, 1924 and the 1926 Consejo Provisorio tournament in seasons counted. The founding dates of clubs are those declared by the clubs themselves involved.[note 2] The column "stadium" reflects the stadium where the team acts as home in their matches, but does not indicate that the team in question owns the stadium. [note 3]

Locations of the 2018 season teams outside Montevideo.
Club City Stadium Capacity Establ.
Atenas San Carlos Atenas 6,000 1928
Boston River Montevideo José Nasazzi 5,002 1939
Cerro Montevideo Luis Tróccoli 24,000 1922
Danubio Montevideo Jardines del Hipódromo 14,401 1932
Defensor Sporting Montevideo Luis Franzini 18,000 1913
El Tanque Sisley Florida Campeones Olímpicos 7,000 1941
Fénix Montevideo Parque Capurro 5,500 1916
Liverpool Montevideo Belvedere 10,000 1915
Montevideo Wanderers Montevideo Parque Alfredo Víctor Viera 7,420 1902
Nacional Montevideo Gran Parque Central 23,500 1899
Peñarol Montevideo Campeón del Siglo 40,000 1891 [7]
Progreso Montevideo Parque Abraham Paladino 8,000 1917
Racing Montevideo Osvaldo Roberto 4,500 1919
Rampla Juniors Montevideo Olímpico 9,500 1914
River Plate Montevideo Parque Federico Omar Saroldi 5,624 1932
Torque Las Piedras Parque Artigas 12,000 2007

ChampionsEdit

List of champions (1900–present)Edit

All tournaments organized by the Uruguayan Football Association (AUF) except where indicated. No records for topscorers during the period 1900–1931.

Season Champion Runner-up Third Leading goalscorer(s)[8]
1900 CURCC Albion Uruguay Athletic
1901 CURCC Nacional Uruguay Athletic
1902 Nacional CURCC Deutscher
1903 Nacional CURCC Deutscher
1904 (No championship held) [note 4]
1905 CURCC Nacional Montevideo Wanderers
1906 Montevideo Wanderers CURCC Nacional
1907 CURCC Montevideo Wanderers River Plate FC
1908 River Plate FC Montevideo Wanderers Nacional
1909 Montevideo Wanderers CURCC River Plate FC
1910 River Plate FC CURCC Nacional
1911 CURCC Montevideo Wanderers Nacional
1912 Nacional CURCC Montevideo Wanderers
1913 River Plate FC Nacional CURCC
1914 River Plate FC Peñarol Nacional
1915 Nacional Peñarol Universal
1916 Nacional Peñarol Montevideo Wanderers
1917 Nacional Peñarol Universal
1918 Peñarol Nacional Universal
1919 Nacional Universal Peñarol
1920 Nacional Peñarol Central Español
1921 Peñarol Nacional Universal
1922 Nacional Montevideo Wanderers Rampla Juniors
1923 Nacional Rampla Juniors Bella Vista
1924 Nacional Bella Vista Rampla Juniors
1925 (Not finished) [note 5]
1926 (No championship held) [note 6]
1927 Rampla Juniors Peñarol Nacional
1928 Peñarol Rampla Juniors Nacional
1929 Peñarol Nacional Defensor Sporting
1930 (No championship held) [note 7]
1931 Montevideo Wanderers Nacional Rampla Juniors
1932 Peñarol Rampla Juniors Nacional   Juan Labraga (Rampla Juniors; 17 goals)
1933 Nacional Peñarol Rampla Juniors   Pedro Young (Peñarol; 33 goals)
1934 Nacional Peñarol Montevideo Wanderers   Aníbal Ciocca (Nacional; 13 goals)
1935 Peñarol Nacional Montevideo Wanderers   Antonio Castaldo (Defensor; 12 goals)
1936 Peñarol Nacional Rampla Juniors   Aníbal Ciocca (Nacional; 14 goals)
1937 Peñarol Nacional Montevideo Wanderers   Horacio Tellechea (Peñarol; 16 goals)
1938 Peñarol Nacional Central Español   Atilio García (Nacional; 20 goals)
1939 Nacional Peñarol Montevideo Wanderers   Atilio García (Nacional; 22 goals)
1940 Nacional Rampla Juniors Montevideo Wanderers   Atilio García (Nacional; 18 goals)
1941 Nacional Peñarol Rampla Juniors   Atilio García (Nacional; 23 goals)
1942 Nacional Peñarol Montevideo Wanderers   Atilio García (Nacional; 19 goals)
1943 Nacional Peñarol Miramar Misiones   Atilio García (Nacional; 18 goals)
1944 Peñarol Nacional Defensor Sporting   Atilio García (Nacional; 21 goals)
1945 Peñarol Nacional Defensor Sporting   Nicolás Falero (Central Español; 21 goals)
  Raúl Schiaffino (Peñarol; 21 goals)
1946 Nacional Peñarol CA River Plate   Atilio García (Nacional; 21 goals)
1947 Nacional Peñarol Rampla Juniors   Nicolás Falero (Peñarol; 17 goals)
1948 (Not finished) [note 8]
1949 Peñarol Nacional Rampla Juniors   Óscar Míguez (Peñarol; 20 goals)
1950 Nacional Peñarol Rampla Juniors   Juan Ramón Orlandi (Nacional; 14 goals)
1951 Peñarol Nacional Rampla Juniors   Juan Hohberg (Peñarol; 17 goals)
1952 Nacional Peñarol Rampla Juniors   Jorge Enrico (Nacional; 15 goals)
1953 Peñarol Nacional Rampla Juniors   Juan Hohberg (Peñarol; 17 goals)
1954 Peñarol Nacional Danubio   Juan Romay (Peñarol; 12 goals)
1955 Nacional Peñarol Cerro   Javier Ambrois (Nacional; 17 goals)
1956 Nacional Peñarol Cerro   Carlos Carranza (Cerro; 18 goals)
1957 Nacional Peñarol Defensor Sporting   Walter Hernández (Defensor; 16 goals)
1958 Peñarol Nacional Rampla Juniors   Manuel Pedersen (Rampla Juniors; 12 goals)
1959 Peñarol Nacional Racing   Víctor Guaglianone (Wanderers; 13 goals)
1960 Peñarol Cerro Nacional   Ángel Cabrera (Peñarol; 14 goals)
1961 Peñarol Nacional Defensor Sporting   Alberto Spencer (Peñarol; 18 goals)
1962 Peñarol Nacional Fénix   Alberto Spencer (Peñarol; 16 goals)
1963 Nacional Peñarol Montevideo Wanderers   Pedro Rocha (Peñarol; 18 goals)
1964 Peñarol Rampla Juniors Nacional   Héctor Salva (Rampla Juniors; 12 goals)
1965 Peñarol Nacional Cerro   Pedro Rocha (Peñarol; 15 goals)
1966 Nacional Peñarol Cerro   Araquem de Melo (Danubio; 12 goals)
1967 Peñarol Nacional Cerro   Alberto Spencer (Peñarol; 11 goals)
1968 Peñarol Nacional Cerro   Alberto Spencer (Peñarol; 8 goals)
  Pedro Rocha (Peñarol; 8 goals)
  Ruben Garcia (Cerro; 8 goals)
  Rúben Bareño (Cerro; 8 goals)
1969 Nacional Peñarol Bella Vista   Luis Artime (Nacional; 24 goals)
1970 Nacional Huracán Buceo Peñarol   Luis Artime (Nacional; 21 goals)
1971 Nacional Peñarol Liverpool   Luis Artime (Nacional; 16 goals)
1972 Nacional Peñarol Defensor Sporting   Juan Carlos Mamelli (Nacional; 20 goals)
1973 Peñarol Nacional Danubio   Fernando Morena (Peñarol; 23 goals)
1974 Peñarol Nacional Liverpool   Fernando Morena (Peñarol; 27 goals)
1975 Peñarol Nacional Liverpool   Fernando Morena (Peñarol; 34 goals)
1976 Defensor Sporting Peñarol Nacional   Fernando Morena (Peñarol; 18 goals)
1977 Nacional Peñarol Defensor Sporting   Fernando Morena (Peñarol; 19 goals)
1978 Peñarol Nacional Fénix   Fernando Morena (Peñarol; 36 goals)
1979 Peñarol Nacional Fénix   Waldemar Victorino (Nacional; 19 goals)
1980 Nacional Montevideo Wanderers Peñarol   Jorge Luis Siviero (Rentistas; 19 goals)
1981 Peñarol Nacional Montevideo Wanderers   Rubén Paz (Peñarol; 17 goals)
1982 Peñarol Nacional Defensor Sporting   Fernando Morena (Peñarol; 17 goals)
1983 Nacional Danubio Defensor Sporting   Arsenio Luzardo (Nacional; 13 goals)
1984 Central Español Peñarol Nacional   José Villareal (Central Español; 18 goals)
1985 Peñarol Montevideo Wanderers Cerro   Antonio Alzamendi (Peñarol; 13 goals)
1986 Peñarol Nacional Central Español   Juan Ramón Carrasco (Nacional; 11 goals)
  Gerardo Miranda (Defensor; 11 goals)
1987 Defensor Sporting Nacional Bella Vista   Gerardo Miranda (Defensor; 13 goals)
1988 Danubio Peñarol Defensor Sporting   Rubén da Silva (Danubio; 23 goals)
1989 Progreso Nacional Peñarol   Diego Aguirre (Peñarol; 7 goals)
  Johnny Miqueiro (Progreso; 7 goals)
  Óscar Quagliata (Huracán Buceo; 7 goals)
1990 Bella Vista Nacional Peñarol   Adolfo Barán (Peñarol; 13 goals)
1991 Defensor Sporting Nacional Montevideo Wanderers   Julio Dely Valdés (Nacional; 16 goals)
1992 Nacional CA River Plate Danubio   Julio Dely Valdés (Nacional; 13 goals)
1993 Peñarol Defensor Sporting Danubio   Wilmar Cabrera (Huracán Buceo; 12 goals)
1994 Peñarol Defensor Sporting Nacional   Darío Silva (Peñarol; 19 goals)
1995 Peñarol Nacional Liverpool   Juan González (Nacional; 16 goals)
1996 Peñarol Nacional Defensor Sporting   Juan González (Nacional; 13 goals)
1997 Peñarol Defensor Sporting CA River Plate   Pablo Bengoechea (Peñarol; 10 goals)
1998 Nacional Peñarol Bella Vista   Martín Rodríguez (CA River Plate; 13 goals)
  Rubén Sosa (Nacional; 13 goals)
1999 Peñarol Nacional Defensor Sporting   Gabriel Álvez (Nacional; 24 goals)
2000 Nacional Peñarol Defensor Sporting   Javier Chevantón (Danubio; 33 goals)
2001 Nacional Danubio Peñarol   Eliomar Marcón (Defensor Sporting; 21 goals)
2002 Nacional Danubio Peñarol   Germán Hornos (Fénix; 25 goals)
2003 Peñarol Nacional Danubio   Alexander Medina (Liverpool; 22 goals)
2004 Danubio Nacional Defensor Sporting   Carlos Bueno (Peñarol; 26 goals)
  Alexander Medina (Nacional; 26 goals)
2005 Nacional Defensor Sporting Peñarol   Pablo Granoche (Miramar Misiones; 16 goals)
2005–06 Nacional Rocha Defensor Sporting   Pedro Cardozo (Rocha; 17 goals)
2006–07 Danubio Peñarol Defensor Sporting   Aldo Díaz (Tacuarembó; 15 goals)
2007–08 Defensor Sporting Peñarol CA River Plate   Richard Porta (CA River Plate; 19 goals)
  Cristhian Stuani (Danubio; 19 goals)
2008–09 Nacional Defensor Sporting Cerro   Antonio Pacheco (Peñarol; 12 goals)
  Liber Quiñones (Racing; 12 goals)
2009–10 Peñarol Nacional Liverpool   Antonio Pacheco (Peñarol; 23 goals)
2010–11 Nacional Defensor Sporting Peñarol   Santiago García (Nacional; 23 goals)
2011–12 Nacional Peñarol Defensor Sporting   Richard Porta (Nacional; 17 goals)
2012–13 Peñarol Defensor Sporting Nacional   Juan Manuel Olivera (Peñarol; 18 goals)
2013–14 Danubio Montevideo Wanderers Nacional   Héctor Acuña (Cerro; 20 goals)
2014–15 Nacional Peñarol River Plate   Iván Alonso (Nacional; 22 goals)
2015–16 Peñarol Nacional Cerro   Gastón Rodríguez (M. Wanderers; 19 goals)
  Junior Arias (Liverpool; 19 goals)
2016 Nacional Montevideo Wanderers Danubio   Pablo Silva (Villa Española; 8 goals)
  Gabriel Fernández (Racing; 8 goals)
2017 Peñarol Defensor Sporting Nacional   Cristian Palacios (M. Wanderers / Peñarol; 29 goals)
2018 Peñarol Nacional Danubio   Gonzalo Bergessio (Nacional; 17 goals)

Titles by clubEdit

Club Winners Runners-up Winning years
CURCC / Peñarol [note 1] 52 41 1900, 1901, 1905, 1907, 1911, 1918, 1921, 1928, 1929, 1932, 1935, 1936, 1937, 1938, 1944, 1945, 1949, 1951, 1953, 1954, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1964, 1965, 1967, 1968, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1978, 1979, 1981, 1982, 1985, 1986, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1999, 2003, 2009–10, 2012–13, 2015–16, 2017, 2018
Nacional 46 43 1902, 1903, 1912, 1915, 1916, 1917, 1919, 1920, 1922, 1923, 1924, 1933, 1934, 1939, 1940, 1941, 1942, 1943, 1946, 1947, 1950, 1952, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1963, 1966, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1977, 1980, 1983, 1992, 1998, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2005, 2005–06, 2008–09, 2010–11, 2011–12, 2014–15, 2016
Montevideo Wanderers[9] 4 9 1906, 1909, 1931
Defensor Sporting 4 8 1976, 1987, 1991, 2007–08
Danubio 4 3 1988, 2004, 2006–07, 2013–14
River Plate FC 4 0 1908, 1910, 1913, 1914
Rampla Juniors 1 5 1927
Bella Vista 1 1 1990
Central Español 1 0 1984
Progreso 1 0 1989

All-time top scorersEdit

The chart includes championships since 1900 to present days.[10]

Pos. Player Period Goals Appear.
1   Fernando Morena 1969–84 230 244
2   Atilio García 1938–50 208 210
3   Héctor Scarone 1916–34 163 191
4   Pablo Terevinto 1920–31 124 157
5   Alberto Spencer 1960–70 113 166
6   René Borjas 1920–31 109 199
7   Héctor Castro 1921–36 107 181
8   Óscar Míguez 1948–60 107 137
9   Pedro Petrone 1923–33 103 97
10   Juan Peregrino Anselmo 1922–35 102 180

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c With Peñarol being recognised as a CURCC's continuity by FIFA[1] and CONMEBOL[2], the club included the championships won by CURCC in its own honours. Apart from the 50 AUF titles, the club also won the 1924 and 1926 titles of championships organized by dissident bodies "Federación Uruguaya" and "Consejo Provisorio" respectively. Although some claim, those titles have not been recognized by AUF,[3] Celestino Mibelli AUF's General Manager in 1938, send a note at the request of Peñarol´s President all official champions since 1900, the list included the dissident bodies champions too [4].
  2. ^ Controversy exists on the date of the founding of C.A. Peñarol. The club's official position assumes a change of name of CURCC (founded on December 28, 1891). On the other hand, some historians state that "C.A. Peñarol" was established on December 13, 1913.[7]
  3. ^ Torque and El Tanque Sisley present the Parque Artigas and Campeones Olímpicos respectively, as their exclusive stadiums, but it is important to clarify that they are not theirs, being municipal property. Boston River also present the José Nassazi as their exclusive stadium, but it is owned by Bella Vista.
  4. ^ The 1904 championship was not played due to the Battle of Masoller
  5. ^ The 1925 championship was not finished because of internal differences.
  6. ^ As the AUF did not organise a championship, a "Concejo Provisorio" was established to held a tournament, which was won by Peñarol
  7. ^ No championship was played because of the 1930 FIFA World Cup.
  8. ^ Not played due to a players strike

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ ¡Felicita a Peñarol! (120th anniversary) on FIFA.com, 27 Sep 2011
  2. ^ Guía de clubes sudamericanos, p. 19 on CONMEBOL website
  3. ^ a b "Hasta ahora se jugaron 109 Uruguayos" on Ovación Digital
  4. ^ "Peñarol presentó documentos para argumentar su último título como el 50º." on FutbolUY
  5. ^ The strongest Leagues of the World of the 21st Century (2001-2011) on IFFHS (Archive, 14 Jan 2013)
  6. ^ Uruguay – List of Champions at RSSSF
  7. ^ a b Discusiones por el decanato on Fútbol.uy, 29 Sep 2009
  8. ^ Tabeira, Martín (October 28, 2010). "Uruguay – League Top Scorers". RSSSF. Retrieved December 22, 2010.
  9. ^ Same logic that applies for Peñarol titles, applies for Wanderers, as winner of a tournament organized by the FUF. the team crest has the 4 stars to show their championships
  10. ^ "Uruguay All-Time Topscorers" at RSSSF

External linksEdit