Sport Club Corinthians Paulista

The Sport Club Corinthians Paulista (Brazilian Portuguese: [isˈpɔɾtʃi ˈklubi koˈɾĩtʃɐ̃s pawˈlistɐ] ), commonly referred to as Corinthians, is a Brazilian professional sports club based in São Paulo, in the district of Tatuapé.[1] Although it competes in multiple sports modalities, it is best known for its professional men's football team, which plays in the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A,[nb 1], the top tier of Brazilian football, as well as in the Campeonato Paulista Série A1,[nb 2] the first division of the traditional in-state competition.

Full nameSport Club Corinthians Paulista
Nickname(s)Timão (The Great Team)
Time do Povo (The People's Team)
Todo Poderoso (Almighty)
Founded1 September 1910; 113 years ago (1910-09-01)
GroundNeo Química Arena
PresidentAugusto Melo
Head coachAntónio Oliveira
LeagueCampeonato Brasileiro Série A
Campeonato Paulista
Série A, 13th of 20
Paulista, 7th of 16
WebsiteClub website
Current season

Founded in 1910 by five railway workers inspired by the London-based Corinthian Football Club, Corinthians traditionally plays in a white and black home kit. Their crest was first introduced in 1939 by modernist painter and former player Francisco Rebolo, featuring the São Paulo state flag in a shield, two oars, and an anchor, representing the club's early success in nautical sports.[2] Corinthians has played their home matches at the Neo Química Arena since 2014, which served as one of the venues for the 2014 FIFA World Cup and also hosted the opening match. The club has longstanding rivalries with Palmeiras (known as Derby Paulista or simply The Derby), São Paulo (the Clássico Majestoso), and Santos (Clássico Alvinegro).

One of the most widely supported teams in the world and the second most in Brazil, with over 30 million fans,[3] Corinthians is one of the most successful Brazilian clubs, having won seven national titles, three Copa do Brasil trophies, one Supercopa do Brasil title, and a record 30 São Paulo State championships. In international competitions, the club won the inaugural FIFA Club World Championship in 2000, repeated the feat in 2012 after being crowned Copa Libertadores de América champions for the first time that same year, and also won a Recopa Sudamericana title. In 2017, the club was listed by Forbes as the most valuable football club in the Americas, valued at $576.9 million.[4]

History edit

One Corinthians line-up of 1914

In 1910, the top clubs were formed by people who were part of the upper classes.[5] Among them were Club Athletico Paulistano, São Paulo Athletic Club,[6] & Associação Atlética das Palmeiras.[7] Lower-class society, excluded from larger clubs due to the socioeconomic division, founded their own minnow clubs and only played "floodplain" football.[citation needed]

Bucking the trend, a group of five workers of the São Paulo Railway, them being, Joaquim Ambrose and Anthony Pereira (wall painters), Rafael Perrone (shoemaker), Anselmo Correia (driver) and Carlos Silva (general laborer), residents of the neighborhood of Bom Retiro. It was 31 August 1910 when these workers were watching a match featuring a London-based club touring Brazil, Corinthian F.C.[8] After the match, while the group returned home, the men talked about partnerships, business ideas, and general dreams of grandeur. They each surfaced one idea: the foundation of a club, after several exchanges in a lively argument, a common ground led those athletes the same dream. The arguments led to the conclusion that they would meet the next day to make their dream into reality.[citation needed]

The Corinthians squad that won its first title in 1914

On 1 September 1910, the group agreed to meet after sundown in public sight. That night at 8:30pm, on Rua José Paulino ("Rua dos Imigrantes" (Immigrants Street), the five workers reunited alongside their guest and neighbors from Bom Retiro. That night the club was founded, alongside its board of directors, who elected Miguel Battaglia as the first Club President.[8]

Corinthians played their first match on 10 September 1910, away against União da Lapa, a respected amateur club in São Paulo, and they were defeated by 1–0.

On 14 September, Luis Fabi scored Corinthians' first goal against Estrela Polar, another amateur club in the city, and Corinthians won their first game (2–0).

With good results and an increasing number of supporters, Corinthians joined the Liga Paulista, after winning two qualifying games, and played in the São Paulo State Championship for the first time, in 1913. Just one year after joining the league, Corinthians was crowned champion for the first time (in 1914), and were again two years later. There were many fly-by-night teams popping up in São Paulo at the time, and during the first practice held by Corinthians a banner was placed by the side of the field stating "This One Will Last".

Teleco was a superb Corinthians scorer, with 251 goals in 246 matches. He became the top scorer of the Paulista Championships of 1935, 1936, 1937, 1939 and 1941. His nickname was "O rei das viradas" (The king of comebacks).

1922, the Centennial of Brazilian Independence, marks the start of Corinthians hegemony in the São Paulo State Championship. As football was almost exclusively played at Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo by that time, the two state champions were considered to be the two top clubs in Brazil. After defeating the Rio de Janeiro State Championship champion of that year, América, Corinthians joined the company of the great teams in Brazil.

The same year also marked the first of three State Championships in a row, something that happened again in 1928–30 and 1937–39.

Corinthians seemed destined to win State Championships in threes; after six years without being a champions, they came won three more from 1937 the 1939. The 1940s were a more difficult time; and the club would win a championship in 1941 and would only win their next in 1951.

At the beginning of the 1950s Corinthians made history in the São Paulo Championship. In 1951, the team composed of Carbone, Cláudio, Luisinho, Baltasar and Mário scored 103 goals in thirty matches of the São Paulo Championship, registering an average of 3.43 per game. Carbone was the top goal-scorer of the competition with 30 goals. The club would also win the São Paulo Championships of 1952 and 1954. In this same decade, Corinthians were champions three times of the Rio-São Paulo Championship (1950, 1953 and 1954), the tournament that was becoming most important in the country with the increased participation of the greatest clubs from the two most important footballing states in the country.

In 1953, in a championship in Venezuela, Corinthians won the Small Cup of the World, a championship that many consider as a precursor of the Worldwide Championship of Clubs. On the occasion, Corinthians, substituting for Vasco da Gama, went to Caracas, the Venezuelan capital and recorded six consecutive victories against Roma (1–0 and 3–1), Barcelona (3–2 and 1–0) and Selection of Caracas (2–1 and 2–0). The club would also win the Cup of the Centenary of São Paulo, in the same year (1954).

Rivellino, considered by many the greatest Corinthians' player of all time.

After the triumphs in the São Paulo Championship and the Rio-São Paulo of 1954, Corinthians had a lengthy title drought. The breakthrough finally came when they won the São Paulo state championship in 1977, breaking a string of 23 years without a major title.

Under the leadership of Sócrates, Wladimir and Casagrande, Corinthians were the first Brazilian club in which players decided about concentração, a common Brazilian practice where the football players were locked up in a hotel days before a game, and discussed politics. (In the early 1980s, military dictatorship, after two decades, ended in Brazil). In 1982, before the election of government of São Paulo State, the team wore a kit with the words: DIA 15 VOTE (Vote on 15th),[9] trying to motivate the biggest number of fans to vote.

In 1990, Corinthians won their first Campeonato Brasileiro Série A, beating their rivals, São Paulo in the final at the opponents' own stadium, Estádio do Morumbi.[10] In the following year, Corinthians beat Flamengo and won the Supercopa do Brasil.[11] In the 1995, the club won the Copa do Brasil for the first time, beating Grêmio in the final at the Estádio Olímpico Monumental in Porto Alegre.[12] In the same decade, the club won the state championship in 1995, 1997 and 1999,[13] and won the national championship again in 1998 and in 1999.[14] In 2000, the club won the first FIFA Club World Cup, eliminating Real Madrid in the semifinals and beating Vasco da Gama on penalties in the final.[15]

In 2002 the club won the Rio-São Paulo Tournament, and the Copa do Brasil in 2002, beating Brasiliense in the final.[16]

The club's situation in early 2004 was among the most difficult in their history. Bad administration, lack of money and terrible campaigns both in the 2003 Brazilian Championship and in the 2004 São Paulo State Championship caused their millions of supporters to worry. Fortunately, some young players and a new manager Tite helped the team to improve from their terrible start. At the end of the championship, Corinthians finished in 5th place and gained entry to the Copa Sudamericana (a minor continental championship, similar to Europa League).

This situation was one of the factors which enabled Corinthians' president, Alberto Dualib, to convince the club's advisors to sign a controversial deal with an international fund of investors called Media Sports Investment. The deal granted the company a large degree of control over the club for 10 years in exchange for large financial investments in return. This has brought many quality players to the team, such as Carlos Tevez, Roger, Javier Mascherano and Carlos Alberto.

Despite the MSI investments, Corinthians experienced a slow start in the 2005 state championship, but managed to improve as it progressed, eventually managing to finish second. Their start to the Brazilian championship during 2005 was difficult, too, but after Daniel Passarella's dismissal (due to an unexpected 5–1 loss to Corinthians' rivals, São Paulo), the club finished the championship round well, and were eventually crowned Brazilian Champions for the fourth time, after a controversial annulment of eleven games due to a betting scandal. Tevez went on to win the Brazilian League Best Player award.

The relationship between Corinthians' managers and the MSI president, Kia Joorabchian was not good, and after being eliminated in the Copa Libertadores, the club experienced a crisis which was responsible for the bad performances for the rest of 2006. Eventually, the partnership came to an end.[17]

On 2 December 2007, following a 1–1 draw away to Grêmio, Corinthians were relegated to the second division for the first time in the club history.

In 2012, Corinthians won their second FIFA Club World Cup title after defeating Chelsea 1–0 in the final.

Corinthians, who won promotion to the top division of Brazilian football for 2009 by winning the Serie B tournament in 2008, with the best campaign in the history of the tournament, signed with three-time FIFA Player of the Year, Ronaldo.[18][19] In 2009, led by Ronaldo, Corinthians won their 26th Campeonato Paulista and their third Brazilian Cup. Confirming the club's good moment, and the 100 years of the club, Corinthians announced the construction of their new stadium, Arena Corinthians, they finished the Campeonato Brasileiro 2010 in 3rd place, granting their place on the subsequent Copa Libertadores. After being eliminated from the South American tournament by the country rivals, Flamengo, though, Corinthians saw Ronaldo retire from football. To replace him, the club signed the with Inter Milan legend, Adriano.[20] In 2011, Corinthians once again were eliminated in Libertadores, but this time in the playoff round by Deportes Tolima. After that, the team went on to win their fifth national title.

On 4 July, after reaching the final of the 2012 Copa Libertadores undefeated, Corinthians won its first title after a two-match final against 6-time champions Boca Juniors by drawing 1–1 in Argentina and winning 2–0 at the Estádio do Pacaembu in São Paulo, becoming the ninth Brazilian side to win the Copa Libertadores.[21][22] The club won the 2012 FIFA Club World Cup after defeating English club Chelsea 1–0 on 16 December 2012.[23][24][25]

In 2015, the team started the year by being eliminated in the Campeonato Paulista semifinal, and then being eliminated in Libertadores and Brazilian Cup last 16, but went on to win their sixth league title.[26] In 2017 the team started the year winning the Campeonato Paulista for the 28th time, and ending the year winning the league title for the second time in three years, and doing a historic campaign by not losing in the first 20 games of the season.[27] In 2018, the team won the Campeonato Paulista for the 29th time, this time against their biggest rivals, Palmeiras. In 2019, Corinthians won the Campeonato Paulista for the 30th time.

In 2020, Corinthians lost the Campeonato Paulista final to arch rivals Palmeiras on penaltis. In the league they finished only 10 points ahead of the first team in the relegation zone, that was the first season since 2007 that Corinthians fought against relegation. In 2021 the new president of the club brought back Willian who had left the club in 2007[28], helping Corinthians to finish in 5th, granting the club to the Copa Libertadores playoffs. In 2022 Corinthians had their best league season since 2017, finishing in 4th place, granting their place on the subsequent Copa Libertadores. In the Libertadores, the team finished in 2nd in the group stage, then went on to eliminate Boca Juniors in La Bombonera on penaltis, reaching the quarter finals for the first time since 2012[29], but were eliminated to Flamengo. In the Brazilian Cup, they lost once again to Flamengo, but this time at the final, on a penalti shoot out.[30] After all, it was consired the club's best season since 2017.

In 2023, despite being eliminated from Libertadores, the club reached the Copa Sulamericana semifinals, where they were eliminated by Fortaleza. In the league once again fought against relegation.

Visual identity edit

Colours edit

Evolutions of the uniform

Even though the club has been recognized by the colors black and white for most of their history, the first Corinthians' kit originally consisted of cream shirts and black shorts. Back then, the choice of colors proved wrong, as the cream color would gradually fade white when the shirts were washed, representing a cost a recently created club could not afford. Thus, early after the foundation, the official shirt colors were changed to white. In 1954 the traditional black with thin white stripes uniform was introduced, and became the alternative uniform since then.

Badge edit

The Corinthians shirt had no badge or crest until 1913, when the club joined the Liga Paulista, that mandated that every club in the competition should have one in their uniforms. A simple composition of the letters C (Corinthians) and P (Paulista) was hastily created and embroidered on the players uniforms for the upcoming matches, thus being considered the club's first de facto badge.[31]

Unlike the kit, the badge went through several changes over the years. In 1914, lithographer Hermogenes Barbuy, brother of then-player Amilcar Barbuy designed the club's first official badge, which premiered at a friendly against Torino (Italy), in São Paulo.[32] In 1919, the round shield with the São Paulo state flag was introduced, and modified in 1939 by modernist painter Francisco Rebolo, a former reserve player of the club in the 1920s, to include a string, an anchor and two oars, representing the early success the club achieved in nautical sports. Thereafter, the badge passed through small changes over time, specifically in the flag and in the frame.[31]

In 1990, a yellow star was added above the badge to celebrate Corinthians' first national title. The same would occur when achieving the national titles in 1998, 1999 and 2005, and a larger star was introduced in 2000 after winning the inaugural FIFA Club World Cup. The stars remained as part of the badge until 2011, when the board decided the badge would not present any stars in the future.

Badge evolution

Kit suppliers and sponsors edit

Nike is the manufacturer of the club's kit since 2003. Previous manufacturers have been: Topper (1980–1989, 1999–2002), Finta (1990–1994) and Penalty (1995–1998).

In 2017, Corinthians and Nike have reached a 12-year U$115 million deal to renew their partnership until 2029[33]

Previous main sponsors have been: Bombril (1982), Cofap (1983), Citizen (1984), Bic (1984), Corona (1984), Kalunga (1985–1994), Suvinil (1995–1996), Banco Excel (1996–1998), Embratel (1998), Batavo (1999–2000; 2009), Pepsi (2000–2004), Samsung (2005–2007), Medial Saúde (2008), Hypermarcas (2009–2012), Iveco (2012), Caixa (2012–2017), Banco BMG (2019–2021), Neo Química (2021–2024) and (2024-)

Facilities edit

Stadiums edit

Pacaembu, Corinthians popular home from 1940–2014

Early grounds edit

The first playing ground Corinthians used was located in the neighborhood of Bom Retiro (where the club was founded in 1910), in a vacant lot owned by a firewood seller, from which it got its nickname: Campo do Lenheiro ("Lumberjack's field"). It was the time of the floodplain and the players themselves had to clean and flatten the lawn.

In January 1918, Corinthians inaugurated its first official football field, Ponte Grande, on the banks of Tiete River. The land was leased from the municipality under the influence of the intellectual Antonio de Alcantara Machado, one of the first to approach the club workers. It was built by the players and fans in a community helping system. The Corinthians played their games there until 1927, upon the completion of their first stadium. It was then donated to São Bento.

Parque São Jorge edit

In 1926, the club purchased Parque São Jorge ("Saint George's Park"), located within the Tatuapé district of the city, belonging to then rivals Esporte Clube Sírio, After purchasing, President Ernesto Cassano decided to reform the stage, with financial support from the members.

The renovated Parque São Jorge, still without floodlights, was inaugurated on 22 July, in a friendly game against América-RJ that ended in a 2-2 draw. The land purchased included a Syrian farm - hence the nickname Fazendinha ("Little Farm"), still used today. It was from here that the Corinthians began to develop and could build up its headquarters.

Due to their growing number of fans, Estádio Alfredo Schürig (the official name of "Fazendinha") and the commissioning of city-owned Pacaembu in the 1940s, from the 1950s the stadium was mostly used for Academy level competitions and friendly matches. The last first team match played there was a friendly against Brasiliense on 3 August 2002. Since 1997, it is also the home ground of the professional women's football team.

Pacaembu edit

The club has established a relationship with Paulo Machado de Carvalho Stadium, which belongs to the municipality of São Paulo and is best known as Pacaembu Stadium, inaugurated in 1940 as the largest stadium in Latin America with a capacity of more than 70,000 people, in a double-fixture that pitted rivals Palestra Italia against Coritiba in the preliminary match and then current three-time state champion Corinthians against Atlético Mineiro, in a match Corinthians won by 4–2. Currently, the Pacaembu has capacity for up to 40,000 spectators.

Arena Corinthians edit

In 2009 there were some conjectures that the government of São Paulo could make a deal for a 30-year allotment of Pacaembu, but it never materialized, even though it was the club's directors preference, with projects designed to that matter.

After the Estádio do Morumbi, then named as the city's host in the World Cup, failed to comply to FIFA's standards, a new project to create a home for Corinthians emerged as a possibility. In August 2010 the president of the CBF, Ricardo Teixeira, along with Governor of São Paulo state, Alberto Goldman, and the mayor of São Paulo, Gilberto Kassab announced that the opening ceremony of the World Cup of Brazil would be held in the new Corinthians Stadium to be built in the district of Itaquera, in the eastern part of São Paulo city.

On 1 September 2020 (Corinthians' 110th anniversary) a special event live from the stadium was held to announce the Arena's new name. It was officially renamed Neo Química Arena, part of a 20-year partnership with Hypera Pharma, Brazil's largest pharmaceutical company. Neo Química is Hypera's generic drugs division, which already served as Corinthians' main sponsor during the 2010 and 2011 seasons. The full contract is expected to be around R$300–320 million.[34]

Training facilities edit

CT Joaquim Grava edit

Corinthians inaugurated their state-of-the-art training facilities in September, 2010 during the celebrations of the club's 100th anniversary. The training facilities were named after long-time associate and consulting medical doctor, Joaquim Grava, that oversaw the medical department construction.

The training facilities feature a 32 bedroom hotel for the players, a bio-mechanics complex (Lab Corinthians-R9. named after Brazilian legend Ronaldo), a center for player rehabilitation and therapy (CePROO, named after fan and journalist Osmar de Oliveira), basketball and volleyball courts (approved by FIBA and FIVB for official matches), as well as other amenities.

An extension to be used by the Academy teams is currently under construction.

Club culture edit

The Flag of The República Popular do Corinthians

Supporters edit

The Corinthians fanbase is fondly called Fiel ("The Faithful"), starring memorable moments like the "Corinthian Invasion" (pt / Invasão Corinthiana) in 1976, when more than 70,000 Corinthians Fans traveled from São Paulo to Rio de Janeiro to watch the match against Fluminense at Maracanã Stadium, in that year's national championship semifinals, as well as having one of the biggest average attendances in the country.[citation needed] Fans being famous for being passionate about the team and loyal supporters motivated the club to make a tribute documentary to their fans, named "Faithful" (pt / Fiel), highlighting the fans' support in one of the most difficult moments in the club's history: the relegation to national second division in 2007. Similar initiatives would be made in the next years, reflecting other moments in the club's history in that the fanbase was essential.[citation needed]

Integral to the club culture are the fan organizations ("torcidas organizadas") such as Gaviões da Fiel ("The Hawks of the Faithful"), founded in 1969 by fans attempting to recover political and administrative control of the club and now the largest of such organizations in Brazil with almost 100,000 associates.[35] Camisa 12 ("The 12th Shirt", founded in 1971), Estopim da Fiel ("Faithful's Fuse", 1979), Coringão Chopp ("Corinthians Draught Beer", 1989), Pavilhão Nove ("Pavillion Nine", 1990), and Fiel Macabra ("Macabre Faithful", 1993) are other important fan organizations that have been actively supporting social and cultural activities representing the club.

Many of the groups above have established branches for fans living outside of São Paulo city, out-state and even internationally. Most are also involved in the Brazilian Carnival festivities, most famously Gaviões da Fiel, one of the most important Carnival of São Paulo Parade samba schools, having won the contest for 4 times, the most among football team organizations.

Organized Fans of Corinthians, at an away match in Florianópolis, SC

Rivalries edit

Derby Paulista edit

Derby Paulista, c. 1920s

Derby Paulista is a crosstown fixture between Corinthians and Palmeiras, consistently cited as one of the greatest rivalries worldwide by sources including FIFA[36] and CNN.[37] Palmeiras was founded by a group of Italians who were formerly members of Corinthians.[38] Since 1914, when that treasonous act was taken upon these former supporters, a deep-seated hatred was born.[38] The Derby atmosphere is fierce on and off the pitch, as violence is a norm between the clubs.[39][40]

Clássico Majestoso edit

Clássico Majestoso is a crosstown fixture between Corinthians and São Paulo. The Derby dates back to 1935, at the final re-founding São Paulo after being thrice defunct. Corinthians possesses the largest number of supporters in the state (25 Million), whereas São Paulo's lies in second place (16 Million). The Clássico's most memorable match for Corinthians is the 1990 Campenato Brasileiro finals, which led to Corinthians first national title.

Clássico Alvinegro edit

Clássico Alvinegro is a regional fixture between Corinthians and Santos.'Alvinegro' is given after the colors worn by both teams, black and white (Alvi, from Latin albus, white, and negro, black). The Classico reached one of its highest stages for Corinthians supporters when Corinthians met Santos in the Semi-Finals of Libertadores 2012. Corinthians won 2-1 on aggregate.

Other rivalries edit

Derby dos Invictos (Derby of the Undefeated), Corinthians and Portuguesa is a crosstown rivalry. Corinthians vs Ponte Preta is an in-state rivalry that peaked in the 1977 Campeonato Paulista final, which led to Ponte Preta's greatest Paulista Finish (runner-up). Classico das Multidões (Classic of The Masses) is an inter-state rivalry pegging the two most supported teams in Brazil: Corinthians and Flamengo. Corinthians and Vasco led to great match ups and some rivalry recently, mostly after Vasco winning the Brasileirão in 1997 and 2000, and Corinthians in 1998 and 1999. Their greatest match coincided with the first FIFA Club World Cup in 2000, with a Corinthians victory in the penalty shootout. Corinthians also won the 2011 Brasileirão in the last round of the season, two points over the runners-up Vasco. Corinthians saved Vasco from their usual runner-up fate by defeating the cariocas in 2012 Libertadores Quarter-finals.

Symbology edit

D'Artagnan, Corinthians Mascot

Musketeer edit

Corinthians' official mascot is the Musketeer, a symbol of bravery, audacity and fighting spirit. The adoption of that character recalls the first years of the club.

In 1913 most of the leading football clubs in São Paulo State founded the APEA (Paulista Athletic Sports Association). The depleted Paulista League was left with only Americano, Germania and Internacional, known as the "three musketeers" of São Paulo football. Corinthians joined the three as D'Artagnan, being the fourth and most adored musketeer, just like in Alexandre Dumas, père's novel The Three Musketeers. To be accepted in that "musketeers universe", Corinthians had to show their bravery. As there was many other teams who coveted the spot in the Liga Paulista, Corinthians participated in a selective tournament against Minas Gerais and São Paulo, two other great teams of Paulista amateur football at that time. The Corinthian team beat Minas 1–0 and São Paulo 4–0, earning acceptance into the group and acquiring the right to participate in the Special Division of the Paulista League in the following year.

Saint George edit

An important symbol for Corinthians is Saint George/(Ogum). Saint George is one of the most revered Catholic Saints in Brazil, a nation with a blend of cultures. The collusion between African & European cultures is seen in Brazil's definition of São Jorge as a mash between Catholicism & Western African Mythology. The comparison may be drawn the entities similar characteristics; St George, the soldier who protects those who pray to him; Ogum God of War who serves the communities who believe in him. it is this warrior demeanor that made Corinthians fans indebted to São Jorge.

Corinthians began as a small team for the lower classes of São Paulo, even though they obtained initial success. Lack of respect for the working class forced Corinthians to leave their São Paulo State Football League in protest. after multiple championships Timão made its largest leap in prestige in the founding of a Corinthians' Headquarters, 1926. The creation of said headquarters became the first fusion of Timão & São Jorge. The land purchased for the headquarters was formerly Parque São Jorge (St. George Park) at 777 Rua São Jorge, Tatuapé, São Paulo, SP.[41]

Corinthians support for São Jorge became fanatical during the decade of the 60's, Between 1954 and 1977, Corinthians failed to add to its gallery of conquests and the Corinthian Nation lived the hardest moments of its history. While the stream struggled in the 60's, fan recanted that they were blessed by a "Santo Guerreiro" (Warrior Saint). In the early 60's the lack of success lingered in the minds of fans & gave birth to a utilization of the blessings of São Jorge. this caused Corinthians to erect a chapel in honor of the saint, in order to strengthen the clubs resolve via mysticism. 1969, after the death of two players Lidu & Eduardo, the funeral was held in Capela São Jorge, & strengthened the clubs identity at a time when championships were non-existent. 1974 Paulista Final, after a heart-wrenching loss to arch-rival Palmeiras, composer Paulinho Nogueira recorded "Oh Corinthians", a song that had popular commercial success at the time. In the verses of the composition dedicated to the suffering Corinthians could not miss the quote to the patron Saint George:

"...Oh, são 20 anos de espera. Mas meu São Jorge me dê forças, para poder um dia enfim, descontar meu sofrimento em quem riu de mim".
("... Oh, It's been 20 years of waiting, but my St. George gives me strength to be able to one day finally cashing in my suffering upon those who laughed at me.)"

Corinthians' 2011 third kit was burgundy colored & featured São Jorge slaughtering a dragon in a dark watermark across the right side of the chest. The utilization of São Jorge's image on the shirt is the practice of São Jorge's Prayer.

Corinthians Headquarters, located at 777 Rua São Jorge (Parque São Jorge), Tatuapé, Sao Paulo, SP

Board of directors edit

Current administration edit

Board of Directors
Country Name Position
  Augusto Melo President
  Osmar Stabile Vice-President
  Armando José Terreri Rossi Vice-President
  Wesley Melo Financial Director
  José Colagrossi Neto Marketing Director
  Herói Vicente Legal Director

List of presidents edit

Name Tenure
  Miguel Battaglia 1910
  Alexandre Magnani 1910–14
  Ricardo de Oliveira 1915
  João Baptista Maurício 1915–16
  João Martins de Oliveira 1917
  João de Carvalho (Interim) 1918
  Albino Teixeira Pinheiro 1919
  Guido Giacominelli 1920–25, 1927
  Aristides de Macedo Filho 1925
  Ernesto Cassano 1926, 1928
  José Tipaldi 1929
  Filipe Collona 1929–30
  Alfredo Schürig 1930–33
  João Baptista Maurício 1933
  José Martins Costa Júnior 1933–34
  Manuel Correcher 1935–41
  Mario Henrique Almeida (Intervenor) 1941
  Pedro de Souza 1941
  Manuel Domingos Correia 1941–43
  Alfredo Ignácio Trindade 1944–46
  Lourenço Fló Junior 1947–48
  Alfredo Ignacio Trindade 1948–59
  Vicente Matheus 1959–61
  Wadih Helu 1961–71
  Miguel Martinez 1971–72
  Vicente Matheus 1972–81
  Waldemar Pires 1982–85
  Roberto Pasqua 1985–87
  Vicente Matheus 1987–91
  Marlene Matheus 1991–93
  Alberto Dualib 1993–07
  Clodomil Antonio Orsi (Interim) 2007
  Andrés Sanchez 2007–11
  Mário Gobbi 2012–15
  Roberto de Andrade 2015–18
  Andrés Sanchez 2018–21
  Duílio Monteiro Alves 2021–23
  Augusto Melo 2024–

Players and staff edit

First-team squad edit

As of 13 March 2024

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
2 DF   BRA Matheuzinho
3 DF   ECU Félix Torres
4 DF   BRA Caetano
5 MF   ARG Fausto Vera
6 DF   ECU Diego Palacios
7 MF   BRA Maycon (on loan from Shakhtar Donetsk)
9 FW   BRA Yuri Alberto
10 MF   ARG Rodrigo Garro
11 FW   PAR Ángel Romero
12 GK   BRA Cássio (captain)
13 DF   BRA Gustavo Henrique
14 MF   BRA Raniele
16 FW   BRA Pedro Henrique
17 FW   BRA Giovane
18 MF   BRA Paulinho
19 FW   BRA Gustavo Silva
20 FW   BRA Pedro Raul
21 DF   BRA Matheus Bidu
No. Pos. Nation Player
22 GK   BRA Carlos Miguel
23 DF   BRA Fagner
25 DF   BRA Cacá (on loan from Tokushima Vortis)
26 MF   BRA Guilherme Biro
29 FW   BRA Arthur Sousa
30 MF   BRA Matheus Araújo
32 GK   BRA Matheus Donelli
33 MF   BRA Ruan Oliveira (on loan from Metropolitano)
34 DF   BRA Raul Gustavo
35 DF   BRA Léo Mana
36 FW   BRA Wesley
37 MF   BRA Ryan
44 MF   BRA Gabriel Moscardo (on loan from Paris Saint-Germain)
46 DF   BRA Hugo
47 DF   BRA João Pedro
77 MF   BRA Igor Coronado
MF   PAR Matías Rojas

Academy edit

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
27 MF   BRA Breno Bidon
28 DF   BRA Vitor Meer
No. Pos. Nation Player
31 FW   BRA Kayke
40 GK   BRA Felipe Longo

Out on loan edit

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
GK   BRA Igor Ratier (on loan to Coimbra Sports until 31 December 2024)
DF   POR Rafael Ramos (on loan to Ceará until 30 June 2024)
No. Pos. Nation Player
MF   BRA Roni (on loan to Atlético Goianiense until 31 December 2024)
FW   BRA Léo Natel (on loan to Melbourne City until 30 June 2024)

Technical staff edit

Coaching Staff
Name Position
  António Oliveira Head coach
  Bernardo Franco Assistant coach
  Bruno Lazaroni Assistant coach
  Diego Favarin Assistant coach
  Felipe Zilio Performance analyst
  Reverson Pimentel Fitness coach
  Leandro Serafim da Silva Assistant fitness coach
  Marcelo Carpes Goalkeeping coach
  Bruno Mazziotti Medical Consultant
Management Staff
Name Position
  Mauro da Silva Technical Supervisor
  André Figueiredo Academy Manager

Football honours and statistics edit

Honours edit

Sport Club Corinthians Paulista honours
Type Competition Titles Seasons
Worldwide FIFA Club World Cup 2 2000, 2012
Continental Copa Libertadores 1 2012
Recopa Sudamericana 1 2013
National Campeonato Brasileiro Série A 7 1990, 1998, 1999, 2005, 2011, 2015, 2017
Copa do Brasil 3 1995, 2002, 2009
Supercopa do Brasil 1 1991
Campeonato Brasileiro Série B 1 2008
Inter-state Torneio Rio-São Paulo 5 1950, 1953, 1954, 1966, 2002
Taça dos Campeões Estaduais RJ/SP 2 1929, 1941
State Campeonato Paulista 30 1914, 1916, 1922, 1923, 1924, 1928, 1929, 1930, 1937, 1938, 1939, 1941, 1951, 1952, 1954, 1977, 1979, 1982, 1983, 1988, 1995, 1997, 1999, 2001, 2003, 2009, 2013, 2017, 2018, 2019
Copa Paulista 1 1962
Torneio Início 9 1919, 1920, 1921, 1929, 1936, 1938, 1941, 1944, 1955
Taça Competência 3 1922, 1923, 1924
Taça Cidade de São Paulo 5 1942, 1943, 1947, 1948, 1952
Torneio das Missões 1 1953
Taça Piratininga 1 1968
Copa Bandeirantes 1 1994
International (not recognized by FIFA and CONMEBOL) Small Club World Cup 1 1953
Torneio Internacional Charles Miller 1 1955
Copa do Atlântico[a] 1 1956
  1. ^
    Corinthians won the first leg of the final, but the tournament was not officially concluded.

Recent seasons edit

Last Ten Seasons
Year Campeonato Brasileiro Copa do Brasil Continental/Worldwide Campeonato Paulista
Div Pos G W D L GF GA Maximum stage Competition Maximum stage Div. Maximum stage Pos.
2014 A 4th 38 19 12 7 49 31 Quarter-finals A1 First stage 9th
2015 A 1st 38 24 9 5 71 31 Round of 16 CL Round of 16 A1 Semi-finals 3rd
2016 A 7th 38 15 10 13 48 42 Quarter-finals CL Round of 16 A1 Semi-finals 3rd
2017 A 1st 38 21 9 8 50 30 Fourth Round SA Round of 16 A1 Final 1st
2018 A 13th 38 11 11 16 34 35 Final CL Round of 16 A1 Final 1st
2019 A 8th 38 14 14 10 42 34 Round of 16 SA Semi-finals A1 Final 1st
2020 A 12th 38 13 12 13 45 45 Round of 16 CL Second stage A1 Final 2nd
2021 A 5th 38 15 12 11 40 36 Third Round SA Group stage A1 Semi-finals 3rd
2022 A 4th 38 18 11 9 44 36 Final CL Quarter-finals A1 Semi-finals 3rd
2023 A 13th 38 12 14 12 47 48 Semi-finals CL SA Group stage Semi-finals A1 Quarter-finals 7th
  Classified for Copa Libertadores da América via Campeonato Brasileiro Campaign.
  Classified for Copa Libertadores da América via Copa do Brasil or Copa Libertadores Title.
  Classified for Copa Sul-Americana.

See also edit

Notes edit

  1. ^ Also known by its nickname "Brasileirão".
  2. ^ Also known by its nickname "Paulistão".

References edit

  1. ^ "Sport Club Corinthians Paulista". Archived from the original on 3 March 2022. Retrieved 3 March 2022.
  2. ^ Behance (30 March 2016). "Sport Club Corinthians Paulista - Crest Evolution". Behance. Archived from the original on 14 December 2023. Retrieved 14 December 2023.
  3. ^ Jardine, Alexandra (5 May 2016). "30 Million Soccer Fans Sang Brand Jingles to Raise Money for This Brazilian Club". Ad Age. Archived from the original on 14 January 2020. Retrieved 14 January 2020.
  4. ^ "Los 50 equipos más valiosos de América". Forbes Mexico. 29 September 2017. Archived from the original on 16 February 2022. Retrieved 3 October 2017.
  5. ^ Parrish, Charles (2014). Soccer around the world : a cultural guide to the world's favorite sport. John Nauright. Santa Barbara, California. ISBN 978-1-61069-302-8. OCLC 856053801.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  6. ^ not to be confused with São Paulo Futebol Clube
  7. ^ do not confuse with Sociedade Esportiva Palmeiras
  8. ^ a b "No Bom Retiro, em 1910, Começa Esta História" [At the Good Retreat in 1910, This Story Begins]. Folha de S.Paulo (in Portuguese). 12 May 1976. Archived from the original on 2 November 2013. Retrieved 8 August 2012.
  9. ^ BORBA, Marco Aurélio (5 November 1982) "O Timão cheio de bossas". Revista Placar. pp. 50-53
  10. ^ Campeonato Brasileiro Série A 1990 at RSSSF Archived 2 May 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ Supercopa do Brasil at RSSSF Archived 15 November 2005 at the Wayback Machine
  12. ^ Copa do Brasil 1995 at RSSSF Archived 14 June 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  13. ^ Campeonato Paulista at RSSSF Archived 17 April 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  14. ^ Campeonato Brasileiro Série A at RSSSF Archived 28 January 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  15. ^ "Corinthians crowned world champions". BBC Sport. 15 January 2000. Archived from the original on 25 February 2021. Retrieved 6 May 2021.
  16. ^ Copa do Brasil 2002 at RSSSF Archived 3 May 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  17. ^ "football news | Corinthians break with MSI". 26 July 2007. Archived from the original on 25 April 2012. Retrieved 19 March 2012.
  18. ^ Brazilian Ronaldo set to join Corinthians Archived 27 December 2017 at the Wayback Machine – The Telegraph, 9 December 2008
  19. ^ Ronaldo agrees to join Corinthians Archived 11 December 2018 at the Wayback Machine – The Independent, 9 December 2008
  20. ^ "World Football – Adriano signs for Corinthians – Yahoo! Eurosport". Archived from the original on 4 November 2013. Retrieved 19 March 2012.
  21. ^ "World Football – Adriano signs for Corinthians – Yahoo! Eurosport". ESPN Soccernet. 4 July 2012. Archived from the original on 5 February 2013. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
  22. ^ "Corinthians, the cream of South America". 5 July 2012. Retrieved 10 July 2012.[dead link]
  23. ^ "World is lost for Chelsea". ESPNFC.Com. 16 December 2012. Archived from the original on 22 October 2013. Retrieved 18 December 2012.
  24. ^ McCourt, Ian (16 December 2012). "Chelsea v Corinthians – as it happened". Guardian UK. London. Archived from the original on 4 November 2013. Retrieved 17 December 2012.
  25. ^ "Corinthians 1 Chelsea 0". BBC Sport. 16 December 2012. Archived from the original on 12 January 2016. Retrieved 17 December 2012.
  26. ^ Retrieved 8 April 2024. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  27. ^ "Corinthians beat Fluminense to take seventh league title". Yahoo Sports. 16 November 2017. Retrieved 8 April 2024.
  28. ^ "Willian joins Corinthians on free after Arsenal exit". 30 August 2021. Retrieved 8 April 2024.
  29. ^ "Corinthians boss Vítor Pereira praises team spirit after historic Boca Juniors triumph". Retrieved 8 April 2024.
  30. ^ "Flamengo beat Corinthians in shootout to win classic Copa do Brasil final". 20 October 2022. Retrieved 8 April 2024.
  31. ^ a b 1913: Nasce o Mosqueteiro corintiano Archived 2 June 2010 at the Wayback Machine - Lance1, 28 May 2010
  32. ^ 1914 - O primeiro título e o primeiro ídolo Archived 2 May 2013 at the Wayback Machine - Lance!, 29 May 2010
  33. ^ "American sportswear giant will continue with Brazilian top-tier soccer side". 14 December 2017. Archived from the original on 16 December 2017. Retrieved 14 December 2017.
  34. ^ "Corinthians anuncia venda dos naming rights da Arena" (in Portuguese). 1 September 2020. Archived from the original on 2 September 2020. Retrieved 1 September 2020.
  35. ^ "Nasce Os Gaviões Da Fiel". Archived from the original on 18 December 2012. Retrieved 31 July 2012.
  36. ^ "Corinthians Vs Palmeiras, Sao Paulo's Historic Tussle". FIFA. Archived from the original on 28 October 2010. Retrieved 5 August 2012.
  37. ^ Duke, Greg (22 October 2008). "Football First 11: Do or die derbies". CNN. Archived from the original on 6 January 2013. Retrieved 5 August 2012.
  38. ^ a b Mariante, José Henrique (13 December 1997). "História:Palmeiras nasceu de dissidência corintiana (History: Palmeiras birth out of Corinthians dissidence)". Folha de S.Paulo (in Portuguese). Archived from the original on 1 February 2014. Retrieved 8 August 2012.
  39. ^ Law, Joshua (15 February 2018). "A journey through the epic Derby Paulista between Corinthians and Palmeiras". These Football Times. Archived from the original on 24 September 2020. Retrieved 26 August 2020.
  40. ^ "Palmeiras fan dead after violent clash with Corinthians supporters". ESPN. 13 July 2017. Archived from the original on 20 March 2022. Retrieved 26 August 2020.
  41. ^ "Sport Club Corinthians Paulista Headquarters". Archived from the original on 2 July 2013. Retrieved 5 May 2013.

External links edit