Mineirão (Portuguese pronunciation: [minejˈɾɐ̃w]), officially Estádio Governador Magalhães Pinto (Governor Magalhães Pinto Stadium, named after the late state governor of Minas Gerais) is the largest football stadium in the respective state. It was established in 1965, and it is located in Belo Horizonte.

Estádio Governador Magalhães Pinto
Full nameEstádio Governador Magalhães Pinto
LocationBelo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil
Coordinates19°51′57″S 43°58′15″W / 19.86583°S 43.97083°W / -19.86583; -43.97083
OwnerState of Minas Gerais
OperatorMinas Arena
Executive suites98
Record attendance132,834
Field size105 m × 68 m (344 ft × 223 ft)
Broke ground1959
OpenedSeptember 5, 1965
RenovatedDecember 21, 2012
Brazil national football team (selected matches)

It served as a venue in the 2013 FIFA Confederations Cup and the 2014 FIFA World Cup. It also hosted some matches of the football tournament of the 2016 Summer Olympics.[2] The stadium has a seating capacity of 66,658 spectators.[1] The property of the state of Minas Gerais, it is used by Cruzeiro.

History edit

Background edit

The project to construct the Mineirão predated the stadium's opening by more than 25 years. In the 1940s, a modest movement began, involving managers, entrepreneurs, athletes and journalists. The idea was to build a field in Belo Horizonte to that matched the evolution of Minas Gerais' football up to that point.

The top three teams in the state capital had their stadiums, but they were cramped and uncomfortable, and no longer supported the demand of fans. Stadium Otacílio Negrão de Lima (Alameda Stadium, at Francisco Sales Avenue), of América; Antônio Carlos Stadium (located on Olegário Maciel Avenue), of Atlético Mineiro; and Juscelino Kubitschek Stadium (located on Augusto de Lima Avenue), of Cruzeiro did not support more than 10,000 spectators. Atlético, the team with the wealthiest members in Belo Horizonte, planned to build a stadium for 30,000 people, after the winning the 1937 State Champions Cup. It nearly became a reality, but then they found a huge club debt, forcing the directors to allot and sell the properties that the club had in the neighborhood where the stadium would be built, Antônio Carlos Avenue, near the airport.

At the end of the 1940s, journalist Canor Simões Coelho achieved with CBD the inclusion of Belo Horizonte as one of the venues of 1950 FIFA World Cup. For this, the council would have to build a stadium at the height of the event. Official agreement was signed by mayor Otacílio Negrão de Lima and the president of the CBD, Rivadávia Correa Meyer. The modest club Sete de Setembro was in charge of commanding the works of the new field.

The construction of Independência Stadium was slow and it seemed that would not be completed in time for the World Cup. But with the intervention of the CBD and FIFA, the city of Belo Horizonte took charge of construction, and the stage was handed over in time for the match between Yugoslavia and Switzerland on June 25, 1950, even with improvisations. But soon the initial excitement for the new stadium was falling apart, since the 30,000 seats available did not meet the growing number of fans. Independência was uncomfortable for the audience, and did not offer good conditions for the press.

The early 1950s saw the first steps supporting the construction of a larger stadium in Belo Horizonte. Under the leadership of Gil César Moreira de Abreu, a group of students from the School of Engineering of Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG) proposed the construction of a University Stadium, to be located in the city's Pampulha region, where the university owned land.[3] In 1956 the chairman of Federação Mineira de Futebol, Francisco de Castro Cortes proposed the construction of a Municipal Stadium on a location adjacent to the BR-040 highway, close to where BH Shopping mall stands today. The proposal asked for funds to be obtained through the sales of perpetual seating rights ('cadeiras cativas'). With the support of the President, former Minas Gerais Governor Juscelino Kubitschek, Cortes even arranged for engineers involved in the construction of Maracanã to come to Belo Horizonte and review the project.

At the time, Antonio Abrahão Caram was President of the Regional Sports Council (Conselho Regional de Desportos) in Minas Gerais, and became one of the strongest supporters of what was destined to become Mineirão. Abrahão Caram demonstrated impractical aspects of the project supported by Cortes, which was eventually abandoned in favor of a new project for the current stadium. The new project was prepared under the auspices of a team led by Benedicto Adami de Carvalho. In recognition of Abrahão Caram's role in proposing a feasible financial arrangement, selecting the venue, and assistance in drafting a State Assembly bill paving the way for the construction of Mineirão, in 1966 his name was officially designated to the avenue where the stadium is located, Avenida Antônio Abrahão Caram.

Once the design started to become a reality, then State Representative Jorge Carone Filho was assigned the mission of drafting the State Assembly bill that would help turn Mineirão a reality. The idea was to obtain funding through the State Lottery (Loteria Mineira) whose tickets would carry a 10% earmark toward a stadium building fund. "Estádio Minas Gerais" was then created under State Bill 1947 dated August 12, 1959, which was signed into Law by Governor José Francisco Bias Fortes. The law also provided for the creation of AEMG, an administrative tasked with managing the finished stadium. AEMG would later become ADEMG (Administração de Estádios do Estado de Minas Gerais).

Modifications to the original University Stadium were left to architects Eduardo Mendes Guimarães and Gaspar Garreto, which the goal of upgrading it from a 30,000 visitors venue into a new "giant" stadium capable of accommodating up to 100,000 visitors. The chosen site was located in the Pampulha region, in land owned by UFMG, whose President Pedro Paulo Penido was favorable to the project while expecting construction of Mineirão at the site of UFMG's new campus would attract an influx of people into this sparsely populated area. With the approval of President Kubitschek's Education Minister Clóvis Salgado, an agreement between UFMG and AEMG was signed on February 25, 1960, when the Brazilian federal government and the Federal University of Minas Gerais gave Minas Gerais land in the neighborhood of Pampulha, Belo Horizonte, for the construction of the stadium.

Construction edit

When they began work on the stadium in 1959, engineers and workers were not sure it would be completed. Cesar Gil, the construction manager, faced financial crises, but knew how to use politics in favor of Mineirão. Despite the extreme control of spending, the works were facing, at each step, the depletion of resources. The initial loan of ₢$100 million evaporated in implementing the first service of its foundation. For a year and a half, the contract followed a slow pace, working with limited equipment and staffing minimum. While one group acted politically to change laws that enable the acquisition of resources and also convince the Governor Magalhães Pinto fund the construction, AEMG trying to adapt to the fragile financial situation.

Mineirão was planned by Eduardo Mendes Guimarães Júnior and Caspar Garreto, both architects. The structural project was undertaken by engineer Arthur Eugênio Jermann. The construction workmanship was directed by engineer Gil Cesar Moreira de Abreu. From 1963 to the date of its inauguration on September 5, 1965, approximately five thousand people were involved in the construction.

The new stadium was raised to the emblem for the national engineering by offering countless examples of evolution in construction. The team of engineers Mineirão went to the extreme in the details. Passed the Maracanã by a real x-ray, finding weaknesses that should not be repeated in the Mineirão field. In 1964, Gil Caesar sought in Tokyo, where arenas were built for Olympics, news about this type of work. Traders noted features and engineering innovations. Worried by the quality of the grass: tags and other minutiae.

The big question that engineers and workers were tested for their ability to perform a superstructure – a false ellipse, measuring the major axis of 275 meters and the lowest 217 meters – using conventional equipment. To evaluate and eliminate uncertainties, a "mini-Mineirão" was designed, called the experimental sector 15, where a link bleachers and roof would be subjected to all sorts of evidence. Concrete plants, conveyors, degrees, loaders and shuttle were tested. The complexity of the work required iron bars into lengths that the industry was unable to attend. The solution came in the actual construction site, where engineers and workers solder used to promote the extension of the bars.

With available resources could be hiring more people, but bumped into AEMG lack of qualified staff. Made a public bidding for the supply of labor, it was found to be unenforceable, because the price charged – 15 million Cruzeiros – was infinitely high box for the administration of the new field. It was proved in the future, the amount requested by the companies would build a Mineirão and a half. On accountability, the "Gigante da Pampulha" (Pampulha Giant) consumed a total of 10 million dollars. Because of the lack of skilled labor available, AEMG promoted the training of masons, carpenters, ship owners and other professionals. Whole classes were formed, and hundreds of workers have gained qualifications to perform special functions. At this stage, the administration managed to gather the required number needed to play and work at a fast pace. Between August 1964 and July 1965, the building jumped from one sector (the experiment) to offer the country's most modern stadium.

To speed construction and shorten the drama of the budget, Gil Caesar launched the operation 24 hours a day, divided into three shifts three thousand workers hired. The service did not stop a single minute. Acaiaca the top of the building in downtown Belo Horizonte, saw a huge flash of light coming from the sides of the future Mineirão. The administration began to reward teams for production and creativity, encouraging competition among the various sectors of the construction. The idea of "local little game" was so successful that many fronts have been completed well before the deadline. The full-time process allowed the stadium to be handed to the population in eight months. Even in the hectic pace and pressure, only one worker died during the entire construction of the arena.

The festivities marking the opening of the stadium included parachute jumpers, music, and an inaugural football match. The events were attended by 73,201 people. The inaugural match at Mineirão Stadium was played by the Minas Gerais state team and the Argentinian team, River Plate.

Important matches edit

The record attendance of the stadium was 132,834 people in 1997 in Campeonato Mineiro final match between Cruzeiro and Villa Nova. The paying attendance was 74,857, and there were 56,618 women and children who entered for free. For safety reasons, the capacity of Mineirão has been reduced for the majority of its 40-year history. In 2004, by imposition of FIFA, the capacity of the stadium was reduced to 72,000 people.

The stadium during the 2014 FIFA World Cup

Since the stadium opening, the three most important teams in Belo Horizonte have hosted their matches in Mineirão: Cruzeiro (always), Atlético Mineiro and América. Mineirão has hosted also at least one match of the Brazil national team in every FIFA World Cup qualifications, and matches of the 2013 FIFA Confederations Cup, the 2014 FIFA World Cup and men/women football matches of Olympic Games 2016.

Important matches and trophies won by local teams on Mineirão's pitch include:

The stadium's top scorer is Reinaldo, who played for Atlético from 1973 to 1984 and swung the nets 144 times. On the other hand, Cruzeiro's Tostão played from 1965 to 1972, scored 143 goals and had the best yearly average (17 goals).

Historical goals scored in Mineirão edit

  • First goal: Buglê, from Minas Gerais state team on September 5, 1965
  • 1000th: Lola, from Atlético Mineiro, on April 6, 1968
  • 5000th: Paulinho, from Villa Nova, on March 10, 1985
  • Miroslav Klose's 16 FIFA World Cup goal (record), on July 8, 2014
  • Germany national team's 2000th goal (by Thomas Müller), on July 8, 2014

2013 FIFA Confederations Cup edit

Date Time (UTC-03) Team #1 Result Team #2 Round Attendance
17 June 2013 16:00   Tahiti 1–6   Nigeria Group B 20,187
22 June 2013 16:00   Japan 1–2   Mexico Group A 52,690
26 June 2013 16:00   Brazil 2–1   Uruguay Semi-finals 57,483

2014 FIFA World Cup edit

Date Time (UTC-03) Team #1 Result Team #2 Round Attendance
14 June 2014 13:00   Colombia 3–0   Greece Group C 57,174[4]
17 June 2014 13:00   Belgium 2–1   Algeria Group H 56,800
21 June 2014 13:00   Argentina 1–0   Iran Group F 57,698
24 June 2014 13:00   Costa Rica 0–0   England Group D 57,823
28 June 2014 13:00   Brazil 1–1 (a.e.t.)
(3–2 pen.)
  Chile Round of 16 57,714
8 July 2014 17:00   Brazil 1–7   Germany Semi-finals 58,141

2016 Summer Olympics – Women's Football edit

Date Time (UTC-03) Team #1 Res. Team #2 Round Attendance
3 August 2016 19:00   United States 2–0   New Zealand Group G 10,059
3 August 2016 22:00   France 4–0   Colombia Group G 6,847
6 August 2016 17:00   United States 1–0   France Group G 11,782
6 August 2016 20:00   Colombia 0–1   New Zealand Group G 8,505
12 August 2016 22:00   Brazil 0–0 (a.e.t.)
(7–6 pen.)
  Australia Quarter-finals 52,660

2016 Summer Olympics – Men's Football edit

Date Time (UTC-03) Team #1 Result Team #2 Round Attendance
10 August 2016 13:00   Algeria 1–1   Portugal Group D 13,787
10 August 2016 16:00   Germany 10–0   Fiji Group C 16,521
13 August 2016 19:00   South Korea 0–1   Honduras Quarter-finals 36,704
20 August 2016 13:00   Honduras 2–3   Nigeria Bronze medal match 9,091

2019 Copa América edit

Date Time (UTC-03) Team #1 Result Team #2 Round Attendance
16 June 2019 19:00   Uruguay 4–0   Ecuador Group C 13,611
19 June 2019 21:30   Argentina 1–1   Paraguay Group B 35,265
22 June 2019 16:00   Bolivia 1–3   Venezuela Group A 8,091
24 June 2019 20:00   Ecuador 1–1   Japan Group C 7,623
2 July 2019 21:30   Brazil 2–0   Argentina Semi-finals 55,947

Concerts edit

Mineirão has been the venue to music events since its opening date:[5]

After the reform, the outside "patio" also became a viable location for concerts.

References edit

  1. ^ a b The Brazilian Bid for the FIFA Women's World Cup 2027 (PDF). FIFA. December 8, 2023. Retrieved January 2, 2024.
  2. ^ "Instalação do Rio 2016™, Mineirão está pronto para voltar a receber o futebol". rio2016.com. Archived from the original on January 18, 2013. Retrieved September 10, 2013.
  3. ^ MOREIRA, Eugênio (December 16, 2012). "Dinheiro da loteria, lucro do futebol mineiro". Superesportes.
  4. ^ "Match report – Columbia–Greece" (PDF). FIFA.com (Fédération Internationale de Football Association). June 14, 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 29, 2014. Retrieved June 14, 2014.
  5. ^ "Tudo menos futebol: O Mineirão de McCartney, Kiss, Sabbath e Beyoncé". September 2015.
  6. ^ "DVD Preciso de Ti (Diante do Trono) – Análise". Super Gospel. Retrieved March 5, 2012.
  7. ^ Beyoncé se apresenta em Belo Horizonte com Jay-Z na plateia

Bibliography edit

External links/images edit

Preceded by Copa Libertadores
Final Venue

Succeeded by
Preceded by Copa Libertadores
Final Venue

Succeeded by
Preceded by Copa Libertadores
Final Venue

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