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América Futebol Clube (also known as América Mineiro or simply América) is a Brazilian club from Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais. Although the club competes (or has competed) in a number of different sports, it is well known for its professional association football team. Founded in 1912, the club preserves its name and crest since its inception. The original home kit colours are white and green only; the black color was incorporated in the 1970s.[1] The team also played with a red home kit between 1933 and 1942, as a protest to the introduction of professionalism.[2] It hosts its matches at Independência stadium, being the only professional club in Belo Horizonte to have its own stadium.[3] The club has the third largest fan base among the teams from Minas Gerais.[4][5]

América
Badge of América Futebol Clube
Full nameAmérica Futebol Clube
Nickname(s)Coelho (Rabbit)
FoundedApril 30, 1912; 106 years ago (1912-04-30)
GroundEstádio Independência, Belo Horizonte
Capacity23,018
ChairmanMarcos Salum
Head coachGivanildo Oliveira
LeagueCampeonato Brasileiro Série B
Campeonato Mineiro
2018
2018
Série A, 18th (relegated)
Mineiro, 2nd
WebsiteClub website

América is one of the most traditional and successful teams from Minas Gerais. It has won the state championship 16 times, and finished as runners-up in another 15 occasions. The first 10 victories were in a row, between 1916 and 1925, being the national record of successive accomplishments (together with ABC); the most recent was in 2016. Other major accomplishments were the Brazilian Second Division in 1997 and 2017, South-Minas Cup in 2000, and Brazilian Third Division in 2009.

The club has a long reputation in forming young talents in football.[6] Among others, it has revealed the world-class players Tostão, Éder Aleixo, Yuji Nakazawa, Gilberto Silva, Fred and Danilo. América has won the three most important junior tournaments in Brazil: São Paulo Juniors Cup (1996), Brazilian Championship U-20 (2011) and Belo Horizonte Juniors Cup (2000 and 2014).

Contents

HistoryEdit

On 30 April 1912, a group of young men who played football purely for the love of the game decided to turn their team into a football club.[7] In the first meeting, the founders decided that the name of the club would be América Foot-Ball Club,[8] and the colors would be green and white.[7] The first matches were played on the mayor's field.[7] In 1913, América and Minas Gerais Futebol Clube fused, and the club changed its colors to green, white and black.[9] Between 1916 and 1925, the team won ten state championships in a row.[9]

 
América´s team, 1971. National Archives of Brazil.

In 1933, as a protest to the professionalization of Brazilian football, the club changed its colors to red and white.[7] In 1943, the club professionalized its football division, and returned to its previous colors.[7] In 1948, América won its first state championship as a professional club.[9]

In 1997, América won the Série B for the first time,[10] and in 2000, the club won the Copa Sul-Minas first edition, beating Cruzeiro in the final.[11] In 2004, after a poor performance in the Série B, América was relegated to the Campeonato Brasileiro Série C,[12] and in 2007, the club finished in Campeonato Mineiro's last position, and was relegated to the following year's Campeonato Mineiro Second Division.[13] América won the Série C in 2009, beating ASA in the final.[14] The following year, the team was fourth at Série B and returned to the top level of the Brazilian championship after ten years.[15] On 14 June 2013, América signed a cooperation contract with the Tahitian Football Federation to develop under-20 national players.[16]

SymbolsEdit

The club's official anthem was composed by Vicente Motta. There are also two other anthems: The unofficial anthem, which was composed by Fernando Brant and Tavinho Moura, and the supporters' anthem, whose lyrics were composed by Márcio Vianna Dias and sung by Fernando Ângelo.[17] América's mascot, was created by the cartoonist Fernando Pierucetti, and is a red-eyed white cartoon rabbit with clearly protruding teeth.[9]

DerbiesEdit

América's greatest rivals are Cruzeiro and Atlético Mineiro.[18] The derby between América and Atlético Mineiro is known as O Clássico das Multidões (The Derby of the Masses),[8] and was first played on November 15, 1913, in a friendly game that ended in a 1–1 draw.[19]

AchievementsEdit

Professional competitionsEdit

Winners (2): 1997, 2017
Winner (1): 2009
Winner (1): 2000
Winners (16): 1916, 1917, 1918, 1919, 1920, 1921, 1922, 1923, 1924, 1925, 1948, 1957, 1971, 1993, 2001, 2016
Runners-up (15): 1915, 1930, 1931, 1942, 1949, 1958, 1959, 1961, 1964, 1965, 1973, 1992, 1995, 1999, 2012
Winner (1): 2005
Runners-up (3): 1977, 1980, 1984

Youth competitionsEdit

Winner (1): 2011
Winner (1): 1996
Winners (2): 2000, 2014
Runner-up (1): 1995

Current squadEdit

As of 8 April 2019

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
  GK Fernando Leal
  GK Glauco
  GK Jori
  DF Lima
  DF Messias
  DF Paulão (on loan from Internacional)
  DF Ricardo Silva (on loan from Ituano)
  DF Aderlan (on loan from Santa Rita)
  DF Carlinhos
  DF Norberto
  MF Christian
  MF David
  MF Leandro Donizete (on loan from Santos)
No. Position Player
  MF Wesley
  MF Zé Ricardo
  MF Gérson Magrão
  MF Lincoln (on loan from Grêmio)
  MF Marquinhos (on loan from Internacional)
  MF Matheusinho
  MF Ruy (on loan from Coritiba)
  FW Ademir
  FW Aylon (on loan from Internacional)
  FW Luan
  FW Rafael Moura
  FW Robinho (on loan from Fluminense)
  FW Wesley Pacheco

Reserve teamEdit

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
  DF Sabino
  MF Felipe
No. Position Player
  FW Matheus Santos
  FW Pilar

Out on loanEdit

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
  GK Erick (on loan at Caldense until 31 December 2018)
  DF Michel (on loan at Caldense until 31 December 2018)
  DF Roger Duarte (on loan at CSA until 30 November 2018)
  MF Kennedy (on loan at Caldense until 31 December 2018)
No. Position Player
  MF Renato Bruno (on loan at Boa Esporte until 30 November 2018)
  FW Bruno Sávio (on loan at Bragantino until 30 November 2018)
  FW Rubens (on loan at Tombense until 31 December 2018)
  FW Vitinho (on loan at Tupi until 31 December 2018)

First-team staffEdit

Position Name Nationality
Head coach Enderson Moreira   Brazil

Notable playersEdit

Notable managersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "História Do Uniforme" [Jersey history] (in Portuguese). América Futebol Clube. Retrieved 2016-01-08.
  2. ^ Miguel Jabur. "América Vermelho (1930-1942)" [Red America (1930-1942)] (in Portuguese). Acervo do América. Retrieved 2015-05-18.
  3. ^ Miguel Jabur. "A história do Estádio Independência" [The history of Independência stadium] (in Portuguese). Acervo do América. Retrieved 2015-04-07.
  4. ^ "MG tem torcida de todo o país, e RS é o estado mais fechado a times de fora" [Minas Gerais has supporters from teams from all over the country. Rio Grande do Sul is the state more closed to outsider teams] (in Portuguese). Globoesporte.com. 2014-08-30. Retrieved 2015-01-04.
  5. ^ "Flamengo e Corinthians lideram levantamento de torcidas no país" [Flamengo and Corinthians lead the ranking of number of supporters] (in Portuguese). UOL. 2004-10-04. Retrieved 2015-04-01.
  6. ^ Vinícius Las Casas (2013-04-29). "América se notabiliza na formação de talentos no futebol" [America becomes renowned in forming talents in football] (in Portuguese). Hoje em Dia. Retrieved 2015-03-06.
  7. ^ a b c d e "América Mineiro" (in Portuguese). Arquivo de Clubes. Archived from the original on December 23, 2009. Retrieved August 28, 2008.
  8. ^ a b "América x Atlético" (in Portuguese). Clássicos do Futebol Brasileiro. Retrieved August 28, 2008.
  9. ^ a b c d Enciclopédia do Futebol Brasileiro Lance Volume 1. Rio de Janeiro: Aretê Editorial S/A. 2001. p. 118. ISBN 85-88651-01-7.
  10. ^ "Brazil 1997 Championship – Second Level (Série B)" (in Portuguese). RSSSF. February 18, 2000. Archived from the original on October 8, 2007. Retrieved August 28, 2008.
  11. ^ "Copa Sul-Minas 2000" (in Portuguese). RSSSF. August 25, 2008. Archived from the original on October 11, 2007. Retrieved August 28, 2008.
  12. ^ "Brazil 2004 Championship – Second Level (Série B)" (in Portuguese). RSSSF. December 5, 2004. Archived from the original on April 12, 2008. Retrieved August 28, 2008.
  13. ^ "Minas Gerais State Championship 2007" (in Portuguese). RSSSF. May 30, 2007. Archived from the original on December 10, 2007. Retrieved August 28, 2008.
  14. ^ "América-MG vence o ASA e conquista o título da Série C" (in Portuguese). UOL Esporte. September 19, 2009. Retrieved September 19, 2009.
  15. ^ "América-MG segura empate, no sufoco, e garante retorno à Série A" [America-MG secure ties with difficulties and returns to the first division] (in Portuguese). UOL. 2010-11-27. Retrieved 2015-05-06.
  16. ^ "América e Taiti iniciam parceria Três atletas sub-20 devem fazer período de adaptação no clube" [América and Tahiti start partnership. Three athletes are in adaptation period in the club] (in Portuguese). América Futebol Clube. Retrieved 2015-03-06.
  17. ^ "Hinos do América" (in Portuguese). América Futebol Clube (MG) official website. Archived from the original on March 29, 2008. Retrieved August 28, 2008.
  18. ^ "De férias, Alex Mineiro pode voltar ao futebol brasileiro" (in Portuguese). Último Segundo iG. December 15, 2006. Archived from the original on May 11, 2008. Retrieved August 28, 2008.
  19. ^ "América x Atlético – Resultadoa" (in Portuguese). Clássicos do Futebol Brasileiro. Retrieved October 6, 2008.

External linksEdit