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Menudo (Spanish synonym for "little"—and, in Puerto Rican Spanish, for "loose change") was a Puerto Rican-based, Latino boy band that was formed in the 1970s by producer Edgardo Díaz. Menudo was one of the biggest Latin boy bands in history, releasing their first album in 1977. The band achieved much success, especially during the 1980s, becoming the most popular Latin American teen musical group of the era and selling some 20 million album copies. The group disbanded in 2009.
|Origin||Caguas, San Juan, Puerto Rico|
|Past members||First line-up (1977–1979)
Last line-up (2007–2009)
Menudo's original line-up consisted of two sets of brothers: Fernando and Nefty Sallaberry (12 and 13), from Ponce, Puerto Rico (Fernando was born in Spain); and the Melendez brothers, Carlos Meléndez, (12), Óscar Meléndez, (11), and Ricky Meléndez, (9); the latter three are Diaz's cousins.
Success in the 1980sEdit
In the late 1970s, the group released several moderately-successful albums (including Fuego (Fire), which yielded hits "Ella A-A" (Her), "Fuego (Fire)" and "A Bailar" (To Dance) and new members replaced the original ones. Then in 1981, the album Quiero Ser (I Want To Be) launched the group—now René Farrait, 14, Johnny Lozada, 13, Xavier Serbiá, 13, Miguel Cancel, 13, and remaining original member Ricky Melendez, 13—into international stardom. It included hit songs such as "Quiero Ser" (I Want To Be), "Súbete A Mi Moto (Get On My Motorcycle)", "Rock En La TV" (Rock On TV), "Claridad" (Clarity), and "Mi Banda Toca Rock" (My Band Plays Rock). They also had their own telenovela series entitled "Quiero Ser (I Want To Be)".
By 1981, the band hosted a television show on Telemundo Puerto Rico named Gente Joven de Menudo and-the show-which hosted a yearly beauty pageant named "La chica joven de Menudo" ("Menudo's young girl"), of which the winner would sometimes appear on band videos and Puerto Rican concerts.
Menudo became very popular throughout Latin America, from Mexico to Argentina, including Brazil; they also had a fan base in Spain and the rest of Europe. They also became the first-ever boy-band that had its own private jet: Diaz was able to afford a Lockheed JetStar that had belonged to American President Richard Nixon and the Shah of Iran and to get Menudo's name emblazoned on both sides of the fuselage.
In 1982, Charlie Masso 12 replaced René Farrait 15, debuting with Menudo on the album Por Amor (For Love). During this boom of popularity, fans started calling themselves contagious to the "Menuditis", similar to Beatlemania and today's "Bieber Fever", or the "Menudomania". They were so popular that they starred in their own feature films: Menudo: La Pelicula and Una Aventura Llamada Menudo. Aventura starred Gladys Rodríguez as "Señora Mía" and included songs such as "Clara" and "A Volar" (Fly).
During their first visit to New York in early 1983, Ray Reyes 13 replaced Xavier Serbiá 15. Their American fanbase grew, especially among the young, as evidenced by "Menudo on ABC", a series of 4-minute music spots that aired during the Fall 1983 season of ABC's youth-oriented Saturday-morning programming block. They also sang the theme song for ABC's Rubik, the Amazing Cube. Miguel Cancel became the first member to voluntarily quit the group. According to a 1998 interview, he was unhappy that a sudden voice change rendered him unable to sing his songs, so he opted to leave before his scheduled departure. He was replaced by Roy Rosselló 13. Menudo signed a 6-year multimillion-dollar contract with RCA International and released their Spanish album A Todo Rock (Full of Rock).
Right around this era, Menudo merchandise began being mass-produced, including merchandise related to the group, their two films and albums, like Menudo dolls, which appeared in the United States and Latin American toy markets in 1984, Menudo Topps trading cards, wristwatches, fotonovelas, fanzines, T-shirts, a 1981 board game named "Menudo Karshow" and other clothing accessories and school supplies.
In 1984, Robi Rosa (now known as Draco Rosa) 14 replaced Johnny Lozada 16 just in time for Menudo to release their first English-language album, Reaching Out, which featured the theme track "Like a Cannonball" for the Hollywood movie Cannonball Run 2; and their first Portuguese album, Mania, both featuring versions of some of their Spanish hits. During the first half of 1984 Menudo toured the U.S. and Brazil. The Spanish version "Como Cannonball" was used in the Filipino youth movie Bagets 2 and also featured the song "Fly Away".
In July 1984, Ricky Melendez 16, the sole remaining original member, left the group in a huge concert in his birth town, Caguas, Puerto Rico. Up until then,he was the only Menudo member to last 7 years in the group, he was replaced by the group's most popular alumnus worldwide: Melendez's namesake Ricky Martin 12, whose Menudo debut was their next Spanish album, Evolución (Evolution). During this time, Menudo's popularity reached parts of Asia including Japan and the Philippines, and the group made English-language commercials for Pepsi, Scope, McDonald's, and Crest. They also made a guest appearance on the popular American children's program Sesame Street. Then, much to the surprise of fans and himself, Ray Reyes 15 was the next to leave the group due to a growth spurt. In a 1998 interview, Reyes stated he was caught off-guard, during a Menudo interview in 1985, the interviewer asked who was next to leave the group and Edgardo Díaz named Ray, considering that Charlie was the oldest and had been in the group the longest. The group also had a weekly television show called "Menudo Mania".
Raymond Acevedo 13 took over Reyes' spot in 1985 and Menudo sang vocals for the Spanish-English song "Cantare, Cantaras" (I Will Sing, You Will Sing) with various Latin artists to raise money for UNICEF. This song was the Latin American version of "We Are the World". "Cantare, Cantaras" was recorded on April 9, 1985 at the A&M Studios. The group released their second English-language album, Menudo which contains the songs "Hold Me" (#62 Billboard Hot 100, RCA 14087) and "Explosion", both with lead vocals by Robi Rosa. They also released their next Spanish album, Ayer Y Hoy (Yesterday And Today), and their second Portuguese album A Festa Vai Comecar (The Party Is Going To Start). They successfully toured Brazil, performing before hundreds of thousands of fans, but there were allegations of the tour being poorly organized: the capacity for a concert in Rio de Janeiro was 60,000 but 70,000 tickets were sold, and 2 women died. In São Paulo, a 100,000-capacity stadium was sold-out with 200,000 people, and in the São Paulo city of Campinas, rain delayed a concert for 4 hours. The film Mixed Blood featured scenes in which Menudo was indirectly showcased, such as one with a Menudo poster on a wall and one where characters shopped at a "Menudomania" store.
In 1986, the song King Holiday was recorded. Later in the year Roy Rosselló 16 was replaced by Sergio Blass 13; no farewell concerts were held. The group released several albums that year, starting with their only Italian album, Viva! Bravo!, which they showcased in Italy in the San Remo Music Festival. The Spanish album Refrescante (Refreshing), the English album Can't Get Enough, and the Portuguese album Menudo followed respectively, then came tours of the U.S., Latin America (including Brazil), and the Philippines.
Internal conflicts and image changeEdit
In January 1987, Ralphy Rodriguez 13 replaced Charlie 17 just as the group began facing internal conflicts. First, Robi 17 quit without warning in the middle of a Brazilian tour, becoming the third member to quit voluntarily. Apparently, he had written a song and presented the idea to management and they turned him down, supposedly mocking him, which prompted him to leave. It is rumoured that they did this so they could use his song without compensating him. Robi's lawyer prevented them from using his song. Also, the group was dropped from RCA International due to low record sales, so they signed a contract with Melody International Mexico. Charlie was asked to return to the group to complete the Brazilian tour and to embark on the Summer in the Street U.S. tour and introduce new member Rubén Gómez 13.
At this point, the group underwent a complete image makeover, changing their look to a rougher, more rugged, rock-like look. Their music, formerly described as bubblegum-pop, underwent a similar change. They released the Spanish album Somos Los Hijos del Rock (We Are The Sons Of Rock), followed by an English-Tagalog album for the Philippines titled In Action with Ralphy and Rubén. In late 1987, Ralphy's parents pulled him from the group, citing improper treatment by management; this eventually came to light in 1991 with accusations of a Menudo sex scandal. Charlie was again asked to fill in during the Philippines tour, which would be their last as their popularity there waned.
In early 1988, Angelo García 12 replaced Ralphy Rodríguez14 and they released their final English-language album, Sons of Rock, scoring an international hit, "You Got Potential". Another song, "TLC", featured lead vocals by Ricky Martin. In August 1988, Raymond Acevedo's contract was about to expire, but he decided to leave before auditions were held for his replacement, and Menudo performed as a quartet for a few months before Robert Avellanet 13 took over. The album Sombras Y Figuras Shadows And Figures was released at the end of the year.
After 5 years with Menudo, Ricky Martin 17 left in July 1989 and was replaced by Rawy Torres 14. Martin's last concert with Menudo was in the Centro de Bellas Artes de Santurce in San Juan. The album Los Últimos Héroes (The Last Heroes) soon reestablished Menudo's popularity in Latin America, especially in Venezuela, where a 5-part miniseries was shot to promote the album.
Despite their newfound success, the group kept facing problems: Angelo García 14 left the group, breaking his contract; he was replaced by César Abreu 13, who only lasted 7 months. Before Abreu left, management was preparing for Sergio's departure and the debut of the first non-Puerto Rican member, Adrián Olivares 13 of Mexico, but Abreu's exit delayed Sergio's departure. Management decided to keep Sergio for another Spanish album, No Me Corten El Pelo(Don't Cut My Hair) featuring the Sergio/Rubén/Robert/Rawy/Adrián lineup.
In 1990, two new non-Puerto Rican members joined the group: Jonathan Montenegro,12, of Venezuela replaced Sergio Blass, 17, and Edward Aguilera 15 of Spain replaced Rubén Gómez 16. Both members left a few months later.
Edgardo Díaz left Puerto Rico and held auditions in Miami, Florida, signing Miami teens Alexis Grullón 13, Ashley Ruiz 15, and Andy Blázquez 12, and Pecos, Texas resident Abel Talamántez 13. The first album with the new lineup was Detrás De Tu Mirada, which was very successful in the whole continent, especially in Peru. From then on, the Peruvian fanbase was the most important one.
Menudo continued to work, releasing an English single titled Dancin', Movin', Shakin', and a follow-up in 1993, Cosmopolitan Girl, the first of several English albums on McGillis Records. They also continued to travel through Latin America.
In 1992, they released 15 Años (15 Years), which would be Adrián's last album with the band (he decided to leave in 1993). Ricky López 13 replaced Adrián 16 and the group released their 5th Portuguese album Vem Pra Mim(Come To Me) (1993), and their 22nd Spanish album, Imaginate... (Imagine) (1994).
In 1995, Ricky López 15 quit the group without warning, and again the band performed as a quartet for a few months. Ashley 19 had also decided to leave, so auditions were held and Didier Hernández 16 and Anthony Galindo were chosen. Ashley's farewell concert was in Panama, where the new members were presented.
In 1996 the group released their last Spanish album under the Menudo name, Tiempo De Amar (Time To Love). The album was very successful, producing several hit singles. In 1997, the rights and the name Menudo were sold and the band changed the name to MDO, at the time Andy Blázquez 18 was replaced by Daniel René Weider. A self-titled Spanish album was released, increasing the group's popularity in Latin America and the U.S. MDO has continued to release albums despite some changes in management (see main article: MDO.)
In 1998 Ricky Meléndez, René Farrait, Miguel Cancel, Johnny Lozada, Ray Reyes, and Charlie Massó re-joined to celebrate the 15th anniversary of their success in Latin America, North America, Spain, and several other countries in the world. They planned the reunion concert to take place at Centro de Bellas Artes de Santurce in San Juan, as an experimental project. The show sold out so quickly and the demands for more shows was so huge they had to change the venue for a bigger one. They ended up doing the shows at the Roberto Clemente Coliseum. They had an unexpected success and performed as an ensemble throughout North and Latin America until August 2015, when the group disbanded due to financial issues. They named this El Reencuentro since Edgardo Díaz threatened to take legal action if they used the "Menudo" name.
In 2000, MDO released their album Subir Al Cielo with critical success. The album lead track "Te Quise Olvidar" topped the Billboard Hot Latin Tracks for several weeks. The group follow-up singles "Sin Ti" and "Me Huele A Soledad" also went top 10 in the U.S., showing that they are a real group.
In 2002, former members Sergio, Rubén, Robert, Angelo and Rawy reunited under the name "Los Últimos Héroes" giving numerous concerts in Venezuela.
In early 2003, MDO officially broke up on amicable terms. The members wanted to pursue other projects. Edgardo Diaz introduced the new MDO in January 2005.
In 2004, Edgardo Diaz announced that he would be bringing a new group with the Menudo formula into the music industry. Initially expecting this new group to be named Menudo, he surprised the press and general public by naming them Tick Tock.
Also in 2004, former Menudo members Roy, Raymond, Rubén, Sergio and Andy reunited under the name and banner: Menudo: La Reunion. They were based and focused primarily on a series of 'Brazilian' tours. Sergio left due to his prior commitment with "Los Últimos Héroes", and was replaced with Anthony Galindo. Andy would later be replaced by former MDO member Caleb Avilés before disbanding in late 2005, early 2006.
In January 2005, producer Edgardo Díaz introduced the new MDO with four new members: Daniel Rodríguez, Luis Montes, Elliot Suro, and Lorenzo Duarte. The first three were among the contestants of Puerto Rican reality/talent show Objetivo Fama. This latest incarnation of the group achieved great success with their single "Otra Vez" which took them all across Latin America.
Also, in 2005, former Menudo members René, Johnny, Miguel, Ricky, Charlie, and Ray reunited once again to perform the songs that Menudo popularized during their era under the name and banner El Reencuentro: Momento del Adios making this their farewell tour. There were plans to bring this production to Latin American and the U.S. Also in 2005, Sergio, Angelo, Robert, Rawy and Adrián reunited again under the name Los Últimos Héroes after their successful reunion concerts in 2002.
In 2006, former Menudo: La Reunion members, Anthony and Rubén reunited and formed the duo Blacksheep and continue touring in Brazil. To date the duo has grown a large fan base in both Brazil and Hispanic America.
In 2007, a re-release of the 1992 VHS film of Menudo The making of Dancin', Movin', Shakin'" was released on McGillis Records. Entitled Triple Threat DVD/CD Combo, the box set included the Film on DVD for the first time, along with two music CDs, Latin Teen Stars and Dance Music All Night Long, featuring hit songs by Menudo, ex-Menudo members. The single, "Dancin', Movin', Shakin'", and "Cosmopolitan Girl" was released digitally on iTunes in May 2009.
In 2007, it was announced that Menudo would return after signing a multi-album contract with SonyBMG label Epic Records. That would be directed by Johnny Wright, he was the manager of Justin Timberlake and the new band music will be a fusion of urban, pop and rock in both English and Spanish. They began promoting the project in cities of the United States, Mexico and Puerto Rico to attract young singers who wanted to belong to a new band that would sing in Spanish and English. Auditions in different cities such as Los Angeles, Dallas, Miami, New York, among others. In the Dallas audition, radio announcer Daniel Luna and the Puerto Rican singer Luis Fonsi were part of the selection jury. where they were selected JC Gonzalez and José Monti Montañez. In New York, they took 25 boys and during this one-week mini-competency they chose 15: José Monti Montañez, JC Gonzalez, Carlos Pena, Jr., Anthony, Carlos Olivero, Chris Moy, Dennis, Eric, Hansel, Henry, Jorge Gabriel, Jorge Negron, José Bordonada, José Monti Montañez, Thomas and Trevor. The 15 semifinalists met in South Beach, Florida to continue preparing with producer Johnny Wright, choreograph Anibal Marrero and voice coach David Coury, participating through a reality show showing the entire process of competition. The re-founding of the band is outlined in a series of MTV "Making Menudo" and "Road to Menudo" which was launched as a star series on October 25, 2007 performed in New York and South Beach, Florida. The series presented 10 chapters and ended on November 20, 2007.
The members chosen in this version were: Jose Bordonada Collazo, Chris Moy, Emmanuel Vélez Pagán, Jose Monti Montañez, and Carlos Olivero. In December, a few weeks after the group was released, they took a sample of what Menudo would bring: an EP called "More Than Words", which included only 4 songs whose names were: More Than Words, More Than Love, Move and This Christmas. The first album is due in autumn 2008.
In 2009 they had a video in two versions titled: "Lost", in which the American actress, model and singer of Puerto Rican descent, Victoria Justice, appeared, which attracted much attention of the public towards the video.
The recasting of the band was profiled in a MTV reality series entitled Making Menudo that had launched as a primetime series on October 25, 2007, but was later pushed to afternoons due to low ratings. The series ended on November 20, 2007. The new members were José Bordonada Collazo, Chris Moy, Emmanuel Vélez Pagan, José Monti Montañez, and Carlos Olivero. The group disbanded in early 2009.
During 2015, four of the members of El Reencuentro went back on tour, this time under the name MENUDO with the Menudomania Forever Tour produced by In Miami Productions. These included Masso, Farrait, Reyes and Cancel. They were joined by 13 other Menudo from different eras, including Robert Avellanet, Jonathan Montenegro and Rawy Torres.
- 1977 Los Fantasmas (The Ghosts) [Original Members]
- 1978 Laura [Original Members]
- 1979 Chiquitita [New Member: [René Farrait 12]
- 1979 Felicidades (Congratulations) [Same as above]
- 1980 Más, Mucho Más (More Much More) [New Member: Johnny Lozada 12]
- 1980 Es Navidad (It's Christmas) [New Member: Xavier Serbia 12]
- 1980 Fuego (Fire)' [Same as above]
- 1981 Xanadu [New Member: Miguel Cancel 13]
- 1981 Quiero Ser (I Want To Be) [Same as above]
- 1982 Por Amor (For Love) [New Member: Charlie Masso 12]
- 1982 Una Aventura Llamada Menudo (Movie Soundtrack) [Same as above]
- 1983 Feliz Navidad (Merry Christmas) [Same as above]
- 1983 A Todo Rock (To All Rock) [New Members: Ray Reyes 13 and Roy Rossello 13]
- 1984 Reaching Out (English) [New Member: Robi Rosa 14]
- 1984 Mania (Portuguese) [Same as above]
- 1984 Evolución (Evolution) [New Member: Ricky Martin] 12
- 1985 Menudo (English) [New Member: Raymond Acevedo 13]
- 1985 Explosion (Japanese) [Same as above]
- 1985 Ayer Y Hoy Yesterday And Today [Same as above]
- 1986 A Festa Vai Começar (The Party Will Start) (Portuguese) [Same as above]
- 1986 Viva! Bravo! (Live Good) (Italian) [New Member: Sergio Blass 13]
- 1986 Refrescante (Refreshing) [Same as above]
- 1986 Refrescante (Portuguese Album)
- 1986 Can't Get Enough [Same as above]
- 1987 Menudo (Portuguese) [Same as above]
- 1987 Somos Los Hijos del Rock (We Are The Children Of Rock) [New members: Ralphy Rodriguez 13 & Rubén Gomez 13]
- 1987 In Action (English-Tagalog) [Same as above]
- 1988 Sons of Rock [New member: Angelo Garcia 12]
- 1988 Sombras Y Figuras (Shadows And Figures) [New member: Robert Avellanet 13]
- 1989 Los Últimos Héroes (The Last Heroes) [New member: Rawy Torres 14]
- 1990 Os Ultimos Herois (The Last Heroes) (Portuguese) [New member: César Abreu 13]
- 1990 No Me Corten El Pelo [New member: Adrián Olivares 13]
- 1991 Detrás De Tu Mirada [New members: Alexis 12, Ashley 15, Andy 12 & Abel 13]
- 1992 Dancin', Movin', Shakin' [same as above]
- 1992 15 Años [Same as above]
- 1993 Vem Pra Mim (Portuguese) [New member: Ricky López 13]
- 1993 Cosmopolitan Girl [same as above]
- 1994 Imagínate... [Same as above]
- 1994 If You're Not Here (1994 remake version) [same as above]
- 1996 Tiempo De Amar [New members: Anthony & Didier]
- 1998 15 Años Después "El Reencuentro" [Ricky Melendez, Rene Farrait, Miguel Cancel, Johnny Lozada, Charlie Masso, and Ray Reyes][circular reference]
- 1999 Especial [Same as above]
- 2007 More Than Words [New Members: Carlos, Chris, Emmanuel, José, and Monti]
- 2009 Let's Talk About Love [New members: JC Gonzalez and JG Gabriel]
- 1983 Menudo De Colección
- 1983 Súper Exitos de Menudo
- 1984 Con Amor: Tue Exitos Favoritos
- 1984 15 Exitos
- 1984 16 Greatest Hits
- 1986 The Best of Menudo
- 1990 La Colección
- 1990 La Decada
- 1998 15 años de Historia
- 1998 Colección Original
- 1999 Lo Mejor de Lo Mejor
- 1999 Menudo mix 1
- 1999 Menudo mix 2
- 1999 Menudo mix Enamorados del Amor
- 2000 Serie Plantino
- 2000 Teen Riot featuring Hold Me
- 2007 La Historia
- 2011 Mis Favoritas
- 2011 Enchanted Island [compilation of Menudo English hits some that had never been released to the public]
- 1982 Rene [Various]
- 1983 Adiós, Miguel [Various]
Films and televisionEdit
- Unknown date 300 Millones
- 1978 Noche de Gala
- 1979-mid 1980's La Gente Joven de Menudo
- 1981 Menudo: La Pelicula
- 1980's Menudo Mania
- 1982 Es por Amor (Venezuelan Mini Soap Opera)
- 1982 Una Aventura Llamada Menudo
- 1983 Menudo on ABC
- 1983 Silver Spoons (TV Series)
- 1984 Sesame Street (TV Series)
- 1985 The Love Boat (TV Series)
- 1985 Solid Gold
- 1986 Menudo Video Explosion
- 1986 Por Siempre Amigos
- 1990 Los ultimos heroes (mini series)
- 1992 on YouTube
- 2007 Making Menudo (TV Series)
- 1982 A Ritmo Menudo with Karla Maria
- 1983 Contigo Xavier with Karla Maria
- 1986 King Holiday
- 1989 Nueva Navidad
- 1990 Optimismo
|Single||Year||Billboard Hot 100||Latin Songs||Billboard Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs|
|"Sabes A Chocolate"||1984||—||—||—|
|"Si Tú No Estás"/"If You're Not Here (By My Side)"||1984||—||—||36|
|"Não Se Reprima"||1984||—||—||—|
|"Like A Cannonball"||1984||—||—||—|
|"Please Be Good To Me"||1985||—||—||—|
|"Baci Al Cioccolato"||1986||—||—||—|
|"A Cara O Cruz"||1987||–||42||—|
|"Te Vere A Las Tres"||1987||—||45||—|
|"You Got Potential"||1988||—||—||—|
|"Historia Del Primer Amor"||1988||—||34||—|
|"Besame En La Playa"||1991||—||26||—|
|"Dancin, Movin, Shakin"||1992||—||—||—|
|"Juras De Amor"||1993||—||—||—|
|"More Than Words (AEIOU)"||2008||—||—||—|
|"Perdido Sin Ti"/"Lost"||2008||36||—||—|
Comercial Crush – (1982)
Comercial Crest – (1983)
Comercial Scope – (1983)
Comercial Lo Gurte Bambi – (1984)
Comercial Crest II – (1984)
Comercial Pepsi – (1984)
Comercial Lotte Country – (1984)
Comercial McDonald's – (1984)
Comercial Little Country – (1985)
Comercial Pepsi II – (1985)
Comercial Pepsi Philippines (1985)
Comercial Pepsi III – (1986)
Comercial Menudo (Brasil) – (1986)
Comercial Somos Los Hijos Del Rock – (1987)
Comercial diego hernandes (1988)
Comercial Los Ultimos Heroes Telemundo Puerto Rico Por Siempre – (1990)
Menudo – En Concierto – (1977)
Menudo – Leyenda De Amor – (1979)
2017 television seriesEdit
Puerto Rican producer and actor Juan Carlos Morales (actor) announced in 2016 that he and Spaniard producing company El Trompillo were set to record a series named #La Pandilla in which a homosexual couple adopts five children and form a La Pandilla-Menudo tribute band named #La Pandilla. The television series is set to debut during 2017.
2018 television seriesEdit
It was announced during 2018 that four different television production companies, among them Somos Productions and Endemol Shine Latino were producing a first season of a television series which would be similar in format to such other popular real life based series such as Escobar: Patron del Mal or El Senor de los Cielos, titled "Subete a mi Moto-La Historia de Menudo". The series will document Menudo's beginnings, their rise to fame and golden era in Latin, North America, Europe and Asia.
- BuenaMusica.com. "Menudo - Fuego (Álbum) - BuenaMusica.com". Retrieved 6 February 2017.
- Andersen, Kurt; Simpson, Janice C. (June 27, 1983). "Show Business: A Puerto Rican Pop Music Machine". Time. Retrieved 2010-05-12.
- "Michael Jackson, Menudo dolls are headliners at '84 toy fair".
- "10 Laughably Bad Music Trading Card Sets". 17 November 2014.
- Top Pop Singles 1955–1999. Joel Whitburn. 2000. Record Research Inc. p. 429. ISBN 0-89820-139-X
- "Report: Menudo members sexually abused". UPI. 22 May 1991.
- Darrin McGillis Productions (27 August 2012). "Menudo – The Making of Dancin Movin Shakin – A Darrin McGillis Production". Retrieved 6 February 2017 – via YouTube.
- [dead link]
- Gurza, Agustin (15 April 2007). "Remaking the band: MTV revives Menudo". The Seattle Times. Retrieved 12 January 2016.
- Gurza, Agustin (4 April 2008). "The making of the new Menudo". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 17 February 2016.
- «Menudo recipe features Sugar Land teen JC Gonzalez».http://blog.chron.com/tubular/2007/11/menudo-recipe-features-sugar-land-teen-jc-gonzalez/ By Joey Guerra on November 3, 2007 at 7:07 PM. Originally published Oct. 30 in the Houston Chronicle’s Yo! section. Retrieved February 2, 2016.
- Tubular: Three big helpings of Menudo, with a twist
- El Reencuentro
- "Menudo Discography at Discogs". discogs.com. Retrieved 2014-04-06.
- "Desarrolla serie con canciones de La Pandilla y Menudo". Retrieved 6 February 2017.[permanent dead link]
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2018-08-21. Retrieved 2018-12-21.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)