Colombia national football team
The Colombia national football team (Spanish: Selección de fútbol de Colombia) represents Colombia in international football competitions and is overseen by the Colombian Football Federation. It is a member of the CONMEBOL and is currently ranked 12th in the FIFA World Rankings. The team are nicknamed Los Cafeteros due to the coffee production in their country.
|Nickname(s)||Los Cafeteros (The Coffee Growers) La Tricolor (The Tricolors)|
|Association||Federación Colombiana de Fútbol (FCF)|
|Confederation||CONMEBOL (South America)|
|Head coach||Carlos Queiroz|
|Most caps||Carlos Valderrama (111)|
|Top scorer||Radamel Falcao (33)|
|Home stadium||Estadio Metropolitano Roberto Meléndez|
|Current||12 (4 April 2019)|
|Highest||3 (July–August 2013, September 2014 – March 2015, June–August 2016)|
|Lowest||54 (June 2011)|
|Current||8 (27 March 2019)|
|Highest||3 (June 2016)|
|Lowest||99 (March 1957)|
| Mexico 3–1 Colombia |
(Panama City, Panama; 10 February 1938)
| Bahrain 0–6 Colombia |
(Riffa, Bahrain; 26 March 2015)
| Brazil 9–0 Colombia |
(Lima, Peru; 24 March 1957)
|Appearances||6 (first in 1962)|
|Best result||Quarter-finals (2014)|
|Appearances||21 (first in 1945)|
|Best result||Champions (2001)|
|CONCACAF Gold Cup|
|Appearances||3 (first in 2000)|
|Best result||Runners-up (2000)|
|Appearances||1 (first in 2003)|
|Best result||Fourth Place (2003)|
Since the mid-1980s, the national team has been a symbol fighting the country's negative reputation. This has made the sport popular and made the national team a sign of nationalism, pride and passion for many Colombians worldwide. Colombia is known for having a passionate fan base.
Colombia had its strongest period during the 1990s. A 1993 match resulted in a 5–0 win over Argentina which began a special "mutual respect" rivalry between both nations. The goalkeeper René Higuita achieved fame from his eccentric scorpion kick clearance against England at Wembley Stadium in 1995. Stars from Colombia's team included Carlos Valderrama and Faustino Asprilla. During this era Colombia qualified for the 1990, 1994, and 1998 World Cups, only reaching the second round in 1990. Following the murder of Andrés Escobar after the 1994 World Cup, Colombia's team faded in the latter half of the 1990s. They were the champions of the 2001 Copa América, which they hosted and set a new Copa América record of conceding no goals and winning each match. Prior to that success, they were runners-up to Peru in the 1975 Copa América. In total, Colombia has gained a top four result in seven Copa Américas. Colombia was the first team to win FIFA best mover in 1993 where the achievement was first introduced and the second team after Croatia to win it twice in 2012.
Colombia missed three World Cups between 2002 and 2010. During the 2014 World Cup qualifiers, Colombia showed improvement over the 2011 Copa América, bringing its rank up to the top ten for the first time since 2002 and into the top five consistently for the first time since 2004. After a 16-year-long wait, in 2014 Colombia finally returned to the World Cup, where they were able to advance to the quarter-finals, the furthest Colombia has ever made it in a World Cup. Colombia's midfielder James Rodríguez won two awards, the Golden Boot for most goals (6) and Best Goal of the Tournament.
Early years and maiden World Cup debutEdit
Colombia played its first official matches at the 1938 Central American and Caribbean Games. The Colombia national football team was composed mostly by all the players of the Club Juventud Bogotana (now Millonarios). Alfonso Novoa was the manager of Colombia until 23 February.
The first game was played on 10 February 1938 against Mexico. Colombia was defeated 1–3; Luis Argüelles, Luis de la Fuente and Horacio Casarín scored for Mexico, while Marcos Mejía scored for Colombia. Colombia was able to obtain the bronze medal, with two wins and three losses. The same year, Colombia played at the I Bolivarian Games in Bogotá, where they finished fourth with one win and three losses. Fernando Paternoster was the manager of Colombia, the side's first foreign manager.
Colombia did not play again until 1945, when they participated for the first time at the South American Championship, finishing in fifth place. This time, Colombia was composed by players of Junior de Barranquilla save for Antonio de la Hoz (who played for Sporting de Barranquilla) and Pedro Ricardo López (who played for Boca Juniors de Cali). Roberto Meléndez was player and coach of Colombia throughout the tournament.
The first match of Colombia in the professional era was played on 6 April in the 1949 South American Championship, a 3–0 defeat against Paraguay. Austrian coach Friedrich Donnenfeld was the manager of Colombia during the tournament; he had moved with his family to Colombia due to World War II, and Atlético Junior would be his first team as a coach. As Junior was chosen to represent Colombia in the tournament, he became in the first European manager of the Colombia national team. The team, however, repeated their losing streak since, as in the previous tournament, ended eighth with two draws and five losses, scoring four goals.
After a withdrawal in 1938 and getting banned in 1954 (due to the controversial El Dorado era), Colombia participated for the first time in qualifying for the 1958 FIFA World Cup in Sweden. Their first match was on 16 June 1957 against Uruguay in Bogotá, a 1–1 draw. Colombia lost their next matches, leaving them at the bottom of the group.
Colombia qualified for the 1962 World Cup, its first ever FIFA World Cup by eliminating Peru 2–1 on aggregate. At the 1962 World Cup, Colombia was drawn into a tough group containing Uruguay, Soviet Union and Yugoslavia; both had achieved notable results comparing to Colombia. Colombia lost their first match, 2–1 against Uruguay. Luis Cubilla and Jorge Sasía scored for Uruguay at the 56th and 75th minute respectively, while Francisco Zuluaga scored a 19th-minute penalty goal for Colombia. In the second match, they earned a 4–4 draw with the USSR, champions of the 1960 European Nations' Cup. In this game, Colombia scored four goals against Soviet goalkeeper Lev Yashin, widely considered the best goalkeeper in football history. Also in that game, Marcos Coll scored the only olympic goal in World Cup history so far. Unfortunately, the Colombian campaign in 1962 ended with a 5–0 defeat against Yugoslavia, who finished in fourth place in the tournament. After the 1962 World Cup, Colombia didn't qualify for over 28 years before they returned at 1990 edition.
1990s: The Golden EraEdit
At 1990 World Cup, Colombia defeated United Arab Emirates 2–0, lost to Yugoslavia 1–0, and earned their place in the round of 16 after a 1–1 draw with West Germany, who would later win the World Cup. Colombia would be eliminated in their next match against Cameroon with a 2–1 defeat in extra time.
For the 1994 World Cup, Colombia finished top of their qualifying group without having lost a match, which included a historic 5–0 win over Argentina in Buenos Aires. Expectations of the team were high, some even naming them as favourites to win the tournament. Colombia was assigned to the Group A with the hosts United States, Romania, and Switzerland. During the tournament, Colombia only earned one win and suffered two losses, which would eliminate them in the first phase. During the match against the United States, an unwanted incident occurred, when Andrés Escobar scored an own goal, leading to Colombia's elimination. Escobar was later murdered following the own goal in Colombia.
Colombia ended their qualification for the 1998 World Cup in third place with 28 points, two points below first-place Argentina with 30 points. Colombia was assigned to the Group G alongside Tunisia, England and Romania. Romania obtained a 1–0 victory in the first match. Colombia's second match was a 1–0 win against Tunisia, with a goal from Leider Preciado. In the last match, however, England won the game 2–0, thereby eliminating Colombia.
2001 Copa AmericaEdit
The 2001 Copa América was the first Copa América held in Colombia. Prior to the tournament, meetings were held by CONMEBOL authorities who were concerned about potential security issues in Colombia, and the tournament was cancelled on 1 July, just ten days before the opening match. On 6 July, CONMEBOL decided to reinstate the tournament, which was held on schedule. Canada had already disbanded its training camp and released its players, so Costa Rica (a CONCACAF invitee) was invited to the tournament. Claiming that Argentine players had received death threats from terrorist groups, the Argentine Football Association decided to withdraw from the competition the day before the first game, with Honduras (a CONCACAF invitee) hastily invited and flown in by the Colombian Air Force to participate. There were no terrorist incidents within the competition. Colombia had a strong run through the tournament, winning their first Copa América title by defeating Mexico (a CONCACAF invitee) with a goal from Iván Córdoba in the second half.
The Declining Years (2002–2010)Edit
For the 2002 World Cup, Colombia only managed to place sixth in the qualification round, tied with Uruguay, but failing to qualify due to goal difference. Colombia would also eventually fail to qualify for the 2006 edition in Germany and for the 2010 World Cup, mainly because their constant change of formations and struggles to score goals in the last games of the qualification.
The Revival and A New Golden Generation (2010–present)Edit
In the 2011 Copa América, Colombia made a good run topping their group and achieving a draw to the host nation Argentina, who were the favourites. In the next round, Colombia would be eliminated in a 2–0 loss against Peru in extra time.
The Colombian side gained Leonel Álvarez as the new coach following the resignation of Hernán Darío Gómez, but was sacked after three games with disappointing results, which led in the hiring of José Pékerman. The Colombian squad would break a personal qualifying best record, and raise the FIFA ranking consistently into the top ten and allowed them to qualify for the World Cup for the first time in 16 years. Celebrations broke throughout the nation, as many neutrals hailed Colombia as a dark-horse towards being a World Cup contender. Often, Colombia were noted by many figures in Colombia such as Carlos Valderrama as a team that could become the most successful Colombian squad in history.
2014 World CupEdit
Colombia topped off their return in the 2014 World Cup after a 16-year absence by defeating Greece 3–0. Colombia then edged a 2–1 victory over the Ivory Coast to dispute Group C's top spot days later. On the same day, Japan and Greece drew 0–0 and automatically qualified Colombia to the round of 16 for the first time in 24 years since the 1990 World Cup. In its final group stage game, Colombia defeated Japan 4–1 to win Group C and become the third South American team (following Brazil and Argentina) to go 3–0 in group stage in World Cup history. The Japan match also saw goalkeeper Faryd Mondragón, the last active player from the country's previous World Cup appearance in 1998, become the oldest player ever to appear in a World Cup final tournament. Colombia went on to defeat Uruguay 2–0 on 28 June in the knockout round, securing a spot in the quarter-finals for the first time in their history. Colombia then fell to hosts Brazil 2–1 in the quarter-final round in controversy, where media and figures such as Diego Maradona criticized FIFA and Carlos Velasco Carballo for "favoring" Brazil and being biased in disallowing a goal from Mario Yepes and allowing too many fouls by the Brazilians to occur without any yellow cards being shown.
Despite the elimination, the national team was greeted by tens of thousands of Colombians in Bogotá, welcoming them back as heroes and restoring pride to the nation. Colombia would then receive the FIFA Fair Play Trophy and have James Rodríguez and Juan Cuadrado end as the World Cup's leading goal scorer and assist leader, respectively.
2015 Copa AméricaEdit
Colombia had a disappointing 2015 Copa América, having won only a single game during the group stage match against Brazil, with their only goal of the tournament. Colombia would be eliminated by Argentina in the next round via penalty shootout, ending their campaign with one win, two draws and one loss. Only one goal was scored for throughout the tournament, by Jeison Murillo, who would later win the tournament's Best Young Player award and be included in the tournament's Star XI.
Copa América CentenarioEdit
Colombia began their campaign with a 0–2 victory against hosts United States. Days later, they sealed their qualification to the quarter-finals with a 2–1 victory against Paraguay. However, they fell to Costa Rica 2–3 and finished second in the group following a complete change with 11 of their starters. On 17 June, they advanced to the semi-finals with a win against Peru on penalties 4–2 in front of 79,000 fans at MetLife Stadium. Colombia would then lose (2–0) to eventual tournament winners Chile following mistakes by their defence. Colombia won the third-place match against the United States to seal their best result since winning the 2001 tournament.
2018 World CupEdit
Colombia qualified for the 2018 FIFA World Cup and drew a challenging group; playing with Japan, Poland and Senegal. The team was nevertheless considered the group favorites, but began their campaign with an unexpected 2–1 controversial defeat to Japan, with Carlos Sánchez being sent off after just three minutes of play. Colombia resurrected their hopes of advancing from the group with a 3–0 win over Poland, whose own chances of advancing were ended with the defeat. After the match, head coach José Pékerman dedicated the win to Carlos Sánchez. On 28 June, Colombia beat Senegal by a scoreline of 1–0, topping their group and advancing into the round of sixteen. On 3 July in Moscow, Colombia were knocked out by England in the round of 16; the game finished 1–1 after extra time, with England winning 4–3 on penalties.
Match referee Mark Geiger proved to be controversial, with criticism from both sets of teams. Colombia captain Radamel Falcao and manager José Pékerman both accused Geiger of favouring the England team during the match. Diego Maradona once again claimed favouritism against Colombia, saying, "England's penalty was a terrible call and that the ref won the match for England," and that Colombia were victims of a "monumental robbery". In response, FIFA said Maradona's comments were "entirely inappropriate" and insinuations about the referee "completely unfounded". A FIFA statement read, "Following comments made by Diego Armando Maradona in relation to yesterday’s round of 16 game, Colombia vs England, FIFA strongly rebukes the criticism of the performance of the match officials which it considers to have been positive in a tough and highly emotional match. Furthermore, it also considers the additional comments and insinuations made as being entirely inappropriate and completely unfounded." Maradona subsequently apologized to FIFA and its president, admitting some of things he said were unacceptable: "I said a couple of things and, I admit, some of them are unacceptable."
José Mourinho was also critical of the English squad, claiming "theatrical" antics from them as well as the overall refereeing done, also saying, "I was surprised to see central defenders like Harry Maguire, normally he is a very honest guy, diving in the attacking box asking the referee for VAR. Every team has lots of diving, lots of pretending, lots of putting pressure on the referee. The game loses quality… and for me that was the negative point."
With political issues with history/culture related nations Ecuador and Venezuela, Colombia has always taken interests. While Colombia has natural rival matches with neighbors Ecuador and Venezuela, the matches are not as popular as the rival matches against Argentina and Brazil.
The historical Colombian 5–0 victory in 1993, beating host Argentina in the 1994 World Cup qualifiers, was the very first time Argentina lost in its home stadium Estadio Monumental Antonio Vespucio Liberti during a qualifying match for a World Cup. Argentina come as a previous twice World Cup champion. It caused a huge upset and start of a respective rivalries. Unlike other rivalries full of hostility, the Colombian–Argentine rivalry is more based on "respect" than a "hated" relationship always attracting great interest between both nations. Thus, the Colombian–Argentine rivalry has been considered "unique" and "special". In a way, the Colombian–Argentine relationship is viewed as "sparring partners" in world football.
During the 2014 World Cup quarter-finals, Brazil faced Colombia, with the match ending in a 2–1 defeat. A disallowed goal from Colombian captain Mario Yepes would have tied the match for Colombia. Matches afterwards between the two countries have been played with great intensity and hostility. However, following the tragic LaMia Flight 2933 incident in 2016, the rivalry has improved in a less hostile matter; the sportsmanship from Atlético Nacional in regards to concede the title to allow Chapecoense to be awarded the championship was highly praised amongst not only Brazilians but globally. A unofficial friendly between the two countries was played in 2017 using only domestic players in honor of the plane crash's victims as well as the friendship between the respective domestic clubs.
Colombia also has another respective rivalry against Peru, which both fought in the Leticia War to control the Amazon region. Peru is often seen as the buildup of Colombia's football successes, as Colombia had eliminated Peru at 1962 World Cup qualification to secure its maiden appearance. Matches between two teams also draws great level of intensity, though not as hostile as with Colombia's rival to Brazil.
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Schedule and resultsEdit
Win Draw Loss
|24 June 2018 FIFA World Cup Group Stage||Poland||0–3||Colombia||Kazan, Russia|
|21:00 UTC+3||Report||Mina 40'
Ju. Cuadrado 75'
|Stadium: Kazan Arena|
Referee: César Arturo Ramos (Mexico)
|28 June 2018 FIFA World Cup Group Stage||Senegal||0–1||Colombia||Samara, Russia|
|18:00 UTC+4||Report||Mina 74'||Stadium: Cosmos Arena|
Referee: Milorad Mažić (Serbia)
|3 July 2018 FIFA World Cup Round of 16||Colombia||1–1 (a.e.t.)|
|21:00 UTC+3||Mina 90+3'||Report||Kane 57' (pen.)||Stadium: Otkritie Arena|
Referee: Mark Geiger (United States)
|7 September 2018 Friendly||Venezuela||1–2||Colombia||Miami Gardens, United States|
|20:00 (EST)||Machís 4'||Report||Falcao 55'
|Stadium: Hard Rock Stadium|
Referee: Henry Bejarano (Costa Rica)
|11 September 2018 Friendly||Colombia||0–0||Argentina||East Rutherford, United States|
|20:00 (EST)||Report||Stadium: MetLife Stadium|
Referee: Ismail Elfath (United States)
|11 October 2018 Friendly||United States||2–4||Colombia||Tampa Bay, United States|
|19:30 (EST)||Acosta 50'
|Stadium: Raymond James Stadium|
Referee: John Pitti (Panama)
|16 October 2018 Friendly||Costa Rica||1–3||Colombia||Harrison, United States|
|20:00 (EDT)||Waston 44'||Report||Bacca 30'
Hernández 72', 90+2'
|Stadium: Red Bull Arena|
|22 March 2019 Kirin Challenge Cup||Japan||0–1||Colombia||Yokohama, Japan|
|19:20 JST||Report||Falcao 64' (pen.)||Stadium: Nissan Stadium|
|26 March 2019 Friendly||South Korea||2–1||Colombia||Seoul, South Korea|
|20:00 KST||Son Heung-min 17'
Lee Jae-sung 58'
|Report||Díaz 49'||Stadium: Seoul World Cup Stadium|
|15 June 2019 2019 Copa America||Argentina||v||Colombia||Salvador, Bahia, Brazil|
|Stadium: Itaipava Arena Fonte Nova|
|23 June 2019 2019 Copa America||Colombia||v||Paraguay||Salvador, Bahia, Brazil|
|Stadium: Itaipava Arena Fonte Nova|
The following players were called up for the two friendly matches against Japan and South Korea on 22 and 26 March 2019 respectively.
Caps and goals updated as of 26 March 2019, after the match against South Korea.
- Monaco play in the French league, but are based in Monaco.
The following players have been recently called up in the last 12 months.
- Bold denotes players still playing international football.
- As of 17 October 2018
Most capped playersEdit
|Luis Carlos Perea||1987–1994||78||2|
|10||Luis Amaranto Perea||2002–2014||75||0|
Most capped goalkeepersEdit
|1||Radamel Falcao (list)||2007–||33||83||0.397|
|Antony de Ávila||1983–1998||13||54||0.241|
Current technical staffEdit
|Head coach||Carlos Queiroz|
|Assistant coaches|| Oceano da Cruz |
|Goalkeeping coach||Eduardo Niño|
|Physical coach||Mick McDermott|
|Performance coaches|| Diego Giacchino |
Sebastião Mendes Macias
|Match Analyst||João Peixeiro|
|Colombia current kit (2017–present)|
- *Draws include knockout matches decided on penalty kicks.
- **Gold background colour indicates that the tournament was won.
- ***Red border colour indicates tournament was held on home soil.
FIFA World CupEdit
Champions Runners-up Third Place Fourth Place
|FIFA World Cup record||FIFA World Cup qualification record|
|1930||Not a FIFA member||–||–||–||–||–||–||–|
|1950||Did not enter||–||–||–||–||–||–||–|
|1958||Did not qualify||3rd||4||0||1||3||3||8|
|1966||Did not qualify||3rd||4||1||0||3||4||10|
|1990||Round of 16||14th||4||1||1||2||4||4||1st1||6||3||2||1||6||3|
|2002||Did not qualify||6th||18||7||6||5||20||15|
|2018||Round of 16||9th||4||2||1||1||6||3||4th||18||7||6||5||21||19|
|2022||To be determined||–||–||–||–||–||–||–|
- 1.^ Played Intercontinental playoffs.
FIFA Confederations CupEdit
|FIFA Confederations Cup record|
|1992||Did not qualify|
|2005||Did not qualify|
|2021||To be determined|
Champions Runners-up Third Place Fourth Place
South American ChampionshipEdit
|South American Championship|
|1916||Did not exist|
|1967||Did not qualify|
|/ 2020||Qualified as co-host|
|2024||To be determined|
- FIFA World Cup
- Confederations Cup
- Fourth Place: 2003
- South American Championship / Copa América
- CONCACAF Gold Cup
- Central American and Caribbean Games
1999 – Brazil
| South American Champions
2001 (First title)
2004 – Brazil
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Media related to Colombia national football team at Wikimedia Commons