América de Cali

América de Cali
New Logo América de Cali Since 2017.svg
Full nameAmérica de Cali S. A.[1]
Nickname(s)Los Diablos Rojos (The Red Devils)
Los Escarlatas (The Scarlets)
La Mechita (The Fuse/The Rag)
La Pasión de un Pueblo (The People's Passion)
Short nameAME
Founded13 February 1927; 95 years ago (1927-02-13) (officially)
GroundEstadio Olímpico Pascual Guerrero
Cali, Colombia
Capacity35,405[2]
ChairmanMauricio Romero
ManagerAlexandre Guimarães
LeagueCategoría Primera A
2022Primera A, 12th of 20
WebsiteClub website

América de Cali S. A., best known as América de Cali or América, is a Colombian professional football club based in Cali. It competes in the Categoría Primera A, the top-flight league of Colombian football. The team plays its home games at the Estadio Olímpico Pascual Guerrero, one of the most important stadiums in the country.

The club is one of the oldest in Colombia; its foundation dates from 1927 and has its origins in the América Football Club, which was founded in 1918. It is also one of the most successful Colombian clubs, both nationally and internationally, being considered one of the strongest and most consistent clubs in the country. América has won 15 league titles and a second division tournament title, in addition to reaching the final of four Copa Libertadores (including three in a row from 1985 to 1987). Although it has never won the Copa Libertadores, it has won two international tournaments, the Copa Simón Bolívar in 1975[3] and the Copa Merconorte in 1999.[4]

In 2011, América was relegated to Categoría Primera B, second division of Colombian football, for the first time in its history. They played there for five seasons, returning to the top flight after winning the Primera B championship in 2016.

América has a series of fierce rivalries, most notably with crosstown rivals Deportivo Cali. Matches between them are known as the "Clásico Vallecaucano". Other major rival clubs include Atlético Nacional, Millonarios and Independiente Santa Fe.

In 1996, América was ranked by IFFHS as the second best football club in the world, only surpassed by Juventus of Italy.[5] It ranks 37th in the world ranking of the best clubs of all time according to the IFFHS, being the best-placed Colombian team in the list.[6] It is also ranked as the best Colombian club of the 20th century[7] and as the fifth best Colombian club so far in the 21st century.[8] América is also credited as the second best Colombian team in CONMEBOL club tournaments and ranks 37th in the official CONMEBOL club ranking.[9][10]

HistoryEdit

BeginningEdit

The origins of América de Cali date to 1918, when students from the Colegio Santa Librada formed a team called América FC, to compete with other schools.[11] That club claimed one of the first championships in the history of Colombian football by winning the Copa Centenario Batalla de Boyacá in 1919. The team broke up not long afterwards.

Over the ensuing years, various clubs in Cali appeared with various names. The most notable was Racing Club, named for the Argentine team of the same name. That club wore light blue jerseys with white vertical stripes, identical to the Argentine club. However, when the club disintegrated in 1925, the uniforms went with them.[12][13]

On 13 February 1927, a new club was officially formed, with Hernán Zamorano Isaacs as the first president of the club.[12] They took América as their name and scarlet and white as their colors. There are various stories to explain the reason why, but both this name and those colors stuck, and América has been identified with scarlet ever since.

Early yearsEdit

Some of America's cups

América won the 1930 Amateur Tournament, and arranged a playoff with local rivals Cali FC to determine who would enter Colombia's top league (then known as the Liga de Fútbol). Cali won 1–0 in controversial style, as two América goals were disallowed. This was part of the beginning of the birth of the fierce rivalry between América and what would become Deportivo Cali.[citation needed]

Unable to compete in the national tournament, América did set out on a long national tour in 1931, playing matches all over the country and establishing a national reputation. They spent the next decade and a half as one of Colombia's strongest national teams. One of their stars was Benjamin Urrea, also known as Garabato (the scribble, or the doodle) for his small size and speed.[citation needed]

Professional Era and the CurseEdit

In 1948, the Colombian league was moving towards professionalism. Garabato, whose career was drawing to an end, was an opponent of such a move. When América elected to join the league anyway, legend has it that Garabato cursed the club, declaring that they would never be champions.[citation needed] As it would happen, América struggled badly in the Colombian tournament, although there were more practical reasons for this than Garabato's curse.

Financially, the club lagged behind their league rivals. This especially showed during the El Dorado period (1949–54), when Colombian clubs aggressively signed foreign players from all over South America. Unable to do the same, América fell towards the bottom of the table. During the 1950s, the club finished no higher than sixth and even sat out of the 1953 tournament due to financial reasons. They almost fail to survive the decade, and only made it because another Cali club, Boca Juniors de Cali, folded instead. In 1960, desperate to make some sort of a splash, the club signed Adolfo Pedernera as manager Pedernera managed the club to a runner-up finish in 1961, the highest place in the history of Los Diablos Rojos.

This season completely changed the dynamic of América. Although they did not contend for another championship for another six years, they were no longer in danger of folding. Towards the end of the decade, they began taking their place as one of the strongest sides in Colombia. In 1967, they enjoyed a twenty-two match unbeaten streak and finished third. In the 1968 Finalización tournament, the club finished second, and did so again in the 1969 Apertura tournament. That last season not only saw Hugo Lóndero set a Colombian record by scoring 24 goals but also qualified América for the Copa Libertadores for the first time (they were eliminated at the first group stage).

For most of the 1970s, the club remained a solidly mid-table side, with two runner-up finishes serving as the exception. The highlight came in 1976, when América won the Copa Simón Bolívar (an international tournament that included clubs from Venezuela, Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru, and Paraguay). However, they still had no Colombian championships. América got off to a slow start in the Colombian tournament, not achieving even the runner-up position until 1960 and not playing its first Copa Libertadores until 1969.

1979–1986: Aquel 19 and five consecutive titlesEdit

In 1979, two historic changes took place at América. First, the club reconciled with Garabato. He agreed to come to the stadium, where he attended a mass with the club's directors and signed a document "officially" lifting the curse. More practically, they hired Gabriel Ochoa Uribe to manage the club. Ochoa Uribe was one of the most recognizable names in Colombian management; he had won six championships at Millonarios, as well as another at Santa Fe. Over the course of his long stint at América (1979–91), he would transform the club into one of the dominant powers in Colombian football.

Inclined towards defensive football, Ochoa built his club around a solid back line, featuring captain Aurelio Pascuttini and Luis Eduardo Reyes. Juan Manuel Battaglia and Gerardo Gonzalez Aquino played in the midfield, while Jorge Ramón Cáceres and Alfonso Cañón led the attack up front. In the 1979 Apertura, América found itself in a neck and neck race with crosstown rivals Deportivo Cali. At the end of the season, the two clubs each had 34 points. A two-legged playoff followed, but both matches ended scoreless. The Apertura title was thus determined by goal average, being won by Deportivo Cali.

The year's second tournament, the Finalización, saw América top both the first and second phases, earning a place in the final round, a four-team round robin. The round robin came down to its final match; América needed to beat Unión Magdalena to wrap up the national championship. In front of an overflow crowd, Los Escarlatas prevailed 2–0, winning their first ever title on 19 December 1979, in what would become known as "Aquel 19" (That 19th).[14][15]

1980 and 1981 were years of consolidation as the club finished third in consecutive years (while reaching the semi-finals of the 1980 Copa Libertadores). During that stretch, Ochoa was refreshing the team with new arrivals, like Argentine keeper Julio César Falcioni and strikers Roque Alfaro, Humberto Sierra and Antony de Ávila. Falcioni in particular would become an anchor of América for years to come, lasting with the team until 1991. De Ávila, meanwhile, would play with the club until 1987 and score a club record 201 goals.

1982 saw all these acquisitions come together perfectly. Sierra led the league in scoring with 23 goals, while Alfaro added another 16. América won every Colombian competition that year—the Apertura, their Finalización group, and the octagonal playoff of the year's top eight teams to determine the national champion. They clinched the title on the season's final match by beating Millonarios in Bogotá.[16]

América had won two championships with an impenetrable defense, but in the ensuing offseason, Ochoa completed an acquisition that would drastically change his side's character and strategy. Midfielder Willington Ortiz was one of the biggest stars in Colombian football, having helped Millonarios to two championships in the 1970s. By 1982, he was 30 years old, nicknamed "El Viejo Willy" (Old Willy), and still toiling away for Deportivo Cali. Although older, he had not lost a step, and was still a crafty midfield player capable of generating a sudden attack. Ochoa wanted him for his team, and in the 1982–83 offseason signed him for an unknown transfer fee.

Ortiz's arrival transformed América's style from total defense to rapid attack. They became known as La Mechita (The Fuse), and in 1983 Ortiz and Juan Manuel Battaglia combined for 40 goals. Their efforts paid off; América were able to successfully defend the title and also qualified for the semi-finals of the 1983 Copa Libertadores.[17] And the best was still yet to come.

1984 saw Ochoa strengthen his midfield by signing Peruvian César Cueto, a creative player nicknamed "The Left-Footed Poet" in his native country. Midfielder Álex Escobar also began regularly playing for the club. Originally a youth prospect with the club, Escobar would become a fixture in the club's midfield until 1996. With Cueto, Escobar, and Ortiz in the midfield, La Mechita marched to a third straight championship.[18]

Ricardo Gareca, Carlos Ischia and Julio Falcioni, notable players for América during the 1980s

In 1985, as América set its sights on another title, Ochoa strengthened the squad again, this time by adding Paraguayan forward Roberto Cabañas and Argentine striker Ricardo Gareca. The season came down to its penultimate match, but América's late victory over Deportivo Cali clinched a fourth crown in a row.[19] Even more memorable, though, was their thrilling run through the 1985 Copa Libertadores. La Mechita won their first round group with an undefeated record of two wins and four draws, then topped their semi-final group to earn a place in the championship round against Argentinos Juniors. The Argentine team won the first leg 1–0, but Willington Ortiz scored in the fourth minute of the second leg to power América to a 1–0 victory. This forced a decisive third match, played in Asunción. After a 1–1 tie, Argentinos won a penalty shootout to hoist the Copa Libertadores.

The 1986 season saw América set a Colombian record with an unprecedented fifth straight championship. It was another hard-fought race, but ultimately the club was able to hold off a late surge by Deportivo Cali and bring home the crown, clinching the title with a win over their crosstown rivals.[20] Simultaneously, they were making another run through the 1986 Copa Libertadores. They topped their preliminary group (eliminating Deportivo Cali as they went) and survived a tough semi-finals group to reach the championship round for a second year in a row. There, they met Argentine powerhouse River Plate with the South American championship on the line. River won the first leg in Cali 2–1, then clinched their first Copa Libertadores title by winning 1–0 back in Buenos Aires.

1987 saw the club's ultimate heartbreak in the Copa Libertadores. Los Diablos Rojos advanced to the final for the third time in a row, earning a shot at Uruguayan giants Peñarol. América won the first leg 2–0, and then took a 1–0 lead early in the second leg. It looked like the Copa Libertadores was at last coming to Cali. However, Peñarol rallied to win 2–1, then defeated América 1–0 in extra time in the ensuing playoff match in Santiago. It had been yet another near miss.[21]

Back at home, América's grip on the domestic league finally slipped. Millonarios broke their string of five consecutive titles by winning the title in 1987, then repeating as champions in 1988. Early on, 1989 looked to be a titanic battle between the new champions and a revitalized América, but instead the season was interrupted by tragedy.

1989Edit

The 1989 season of the Colombian football league was cancelled halfway due to the murder of referee Álvaro Ortega. The Apertura tournament had been won by América and the team was standing in third place during the second tournament. In a key match against Independiente Medellín in Medellín, they battled to a scoreless draw. Rumors that referee Álvaro Ortega had unfairly favored América swirled. That night, Ortega was gunned down in the streets. After the match, a journalist received a call from a man claiming to be one of the murderers and blaming Ortega for the result of the game, saying "we and our patrons lost a lot of money (because of this)".[22][23]

1990sEdit

The new decade began with América in transition. The heart of the club that had won five straight championships was now gone. Aurelio Pascuttini had left in 1982, Cesar Cueto in 1985, Luis Eduardo Reyes in 1986, Roberto Cabañas in 1987, and Willington Ortiz, Ricardo Gareca, Roque Alfaro, and Humberto Sierra in 1988. After the 1989 season, Juan Manuel Battaglia retired and Julio Falcioni returned to Argentina. La Mechita was seemingly finished.

But they still had Ochoa as their manager and Alex Escobar in midfield and Antony de Ávila at the front. In 1990, De Ávila was joined up front by Sergio Angulo, who had previously starred with Deportivo Cali and Santa Fe, and Escobar was joined in the midfield by new acquisition Freddy Rincón, a starring midfielder on the national side. Spurred on by their near miss in the cancelled season of 1989, the club marched to the championship in 1990, winning the Apertura, the Finalización, and the playoff tournament in grand style. They were champions for the seventh time in club history.[24]

1991 was a year of near misses. Atlético Nacional knocked América out in the quarterfinals of the Copa Libertadores, then beat them to the title in the Colombian league. After the season, Gabriel Ochoa Uribe retired as manager, ending a career that had spanned fifteen years and seven league championships. América hired an equally high-profile manager to replace him: Francisco Maturana. Maturana had won the 1989 Copa Libertadores with Atlético Nacional and guided Colombia to the knockout stages of the 1990 World Cup, then managed Real Valladolid in Spain during the 1990–91 season. He was widely expected to continue his string of successes with América.

The club won the 1992 Finalización and dominated the playoff stages, hoisting their eight championship and second in three years. But the agony continued in the Copa Libertadores. 1992 saw them reach the semi-finals again, and earn a meeting with Newell's Old Boys of Argentina. Both legs ended in a 1–1 draw, and so the match went into penalties. After a marathon round of penalties, Newell's prevailed, 11–10.[25][26]

In 1993, Maturana's final year with the club, the side slipped to fourth place domestically but still managed an impressive season in the Copa Libertadores. They became the first Colombian side to ever win at Brazil's legendary Maracanã Stadium and advanced all the way to the semi-finals. Once again, they were denied, losing out to a last minute goal by Chile's Universidad Católica.

After the season, Maturana left to focus on managing the Colombian national team. Nonetheless, the club's era of success continued. They remained near the top of the Colombian league in 1994, 1995, and 1996, and qualified for the 1996 Copa Libertadores. That year, America mounted another legendary run through the tournament, charging all the way to Copa finals, where they once again faced River Plate. Antony de Ávila scored the winning goal in the first leg, poking the ball into the net from a seemingly impossible angle. In Argentina, however, River Plate prevailed 2–1, thanks to two goals from Hernán Crespo. Crespo's second goal came when keeper Óscar Córdoba left his area to try and clear a ball, only to have it return right to the possession of River Plate.

Despite the Copa Libertadores disappointment, the 1996–97 season still brought some glory to América. Due to an upcoming change in format for the Colombian league, this was a marathon season, lasting sixteen months (it was the longest in Colombian history). Despite the length and complexity of the season, Los Diablos Rojos were nonetheless able to win their ninth championship, beating Atlético Bucaramanga in the finals. They continued their dominance of Colombia into the early 2000s, winning titles in 2000, 2001, and the 2002 Apertura with homegrown manager Jaime de la Pava. However, it was not long afterwards that the tide began to turn against them.

The new millennium and the "Clinton List"Edit

Copa Mustang 2001

Although the 1990s had seen América win three more championships, it also saw a new development that would drastically undermine the foundation of the club's success. The new problem was a direct result of América's long rumored connections to drug cartel leader Miguel Rodríguez Orejuela. The cartels had been laundering their money in the United States, and in 1995 President Bill Clinton became engaged in a new effort to stop it. He signed Executive Order 12978, which compiled a list of suspected drug cartel fronts. Under the new law, it was illegal for any American business to engage in financial transactions with these fronts. In all, over 1,000 Colombian individuals and businesses were placed on the list.

One such business was América de Cali and its board members. Their lives were suddenly changed. Transfer fees now needed to be paid in cash. Visas for tours in the United States were denied and any assets that the club held in American banks were frozen. Sponsorships dried up. Even prize money from international tournaments could not be delivered to the club, which was now entirely dependent on ticket sales for revenue.

Unable to pay competitive salaries or acquire the top talent that they had acquired during the 1980s and 1990s, América was forced to sell off many of its stars and began fading as a force in Colombian football. By 2002, the players acquired back in the club's glory days were mostly gone, and the caliber of their replacements was nowhere near the same. Although the club managed to reach the semi-finals of the 2003 Copa Libertadores, the finals of the 2008 Apertura tournament, and win a championship in the 2008 Finalización tournament, these were merely a blip in a long, painful decline. Just a year after winning the league title, America found itself bottom of the aggregate table for the 2009 season, and finished second-to-last in the Finalizacion tournament. Things didn't improve in the Copa Libertadores either; the team finished bottom of its group and exited the tournament without winning a single game.

Relegation and second tier (2011–16)Edit

The club's problems finally bottomed out at the end of the 2011 season when América finished second-to-last in the relegation table and was forced to play a relegation play-off against Patriotas,[27] which they lost on penalties after a 2–2 aggregate score and were relegated to the Categoría Primera B for the first time on 17 December 2011, after a string of 57 seasons in the top flight.[28]

América was expected to achieve immediate promotion back to the top flight, and they dominated the 2012 Primera B season. They were undefeated at home and beat Unión Magdalena on penalties to win the Apertura tournament. However, they performed poorly in the Torneo Finalización and failed to reach the final, and then went on to lose the season finals to Alianza Petrolera on penalties. They were then defeated 5–3 on aggregate, including a 4–1 loss at home, in a promotion play-off against Cúcuta Deportivo.[29]

In 2013, after years of battling,[30] the club was finally removed from the Clinton List, having been on it since 1996.[31] 2013 was nevertheless a disappointing year for the club on the sporting front: in both tournaments América topped the table as the first seed but failed to make the finals. In 2014, they made it to the final of the Apertura tournament, but lost to Jaguares 5–2 on aggregate.[32] The Finalización tournament was even more disappointing, as the club finished eighth in the league table, barely making the semi-finals and finished last in their group.

In 2016, under the direction of Hernán Torres, América placed second in the first stage and qualified for the semi-finals, where they ended up in first place of their group and advanced to the finals, while also achieving promotion to the Categoría Primera A after five seasons in the second division. In the finals, América defeated Tigres on a 5–1 aggregate score, winning their first Primera B title.[33]

Return to domestic gloryEdit

In its first season back to the Primera A after being promoted, and despite being in danger of relegation for most of the season, América achieved a good performance that qualified them for the Copa Sudamericana, after several seasons without international participation. The team placed seventh in the Torneo Apertura, advancing to the knockout phase, where they were eliminated by crosstown rivals Deportivo Cali in the semi-finals. In the Torneo Finalización, the team placed sixth and were eliminated again in the semi-finals, this time by Millonarios, who would eventually win the tournament against Santa Fe. In their return to international competition, they were knocked out of the 2018 Copa Sudamericana in its first round by Argentine side Defensa y Justicia after winning 1–0 in Argentina and losing the second leg in Cali by a 3–0 score.

In both tournaments of the 2019 season, América displayed a solid performance. In the Apertura tournament, the team placed fourth in the first stage and third in their semi-final group, behind eventual runners-up Deportivo Pasto and tournament favourites Millonarios, whom they beat on the last matchday thus preventing them from advancing to the final. They eventually won their fourteenth domestic league title and first in 11 years in the Finalización tournament. Under the guidance of manager Alexandre Guimarães and led by strikers Michael Rangel and Duván Vergara, with the former becoming one of the tournament's top scorers, the team placed second in the first stage and topped their semi-final group ahead of crosstown rivals Deportivo Cali, Santa Fe, and Alianza Petrolera. In the final, Los Diablos Rojos faced Junior, whom they beat 2–0 on aggregate score over two legs to win the championship and secure a return to the Copa Libertadores for its 2020 edition after an 11-year absence.[34]

The 2020 season began with the return to the club of veteran legend Adrián Ramos, as well as América's return to the Copa Libertadores, in which their campaign began with a loss to Grêmio at home and a 2–1 win in Santiago de Chile against Universidad Católica, when both the domestic league and international competition were suspended due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The club was unable to reach an agreement with Alexandre Guimarães and the manager left the club in June upon the expiration of his contract, being replaced by Juan Cruz Real for the remainder of the season. Activity resumed in September with América losing the 2020 Superliga Colombiana to Junior. The team would eventually also fail to advance from the group stage of the Copa Libertadores, tying 1–1 with Grêmio in Porto Alegre on the last matchday due to a last-minute penalty which also prevented them from dropping to the Copa Sudamericana as they ended in last place of their group. Even with the Copa Libertadores disappointment, América would make another great domestic league run, as they went on win their 15th league title and second in a row by beating Santa Fe in the finals with a 3–2 aggregate score over two legs.

In 2021, América de Cali were able to advance to the knockout stages of the Apertura tournament, losing to Millonarios in the quarter-finals over two legs, but failed to qualify for the round of 16 of the Copa Libertadores after ending in third place of a group with Cerro Porteño from Paraguay, Brazilian side Atlético Mineiro and Venezuelan champions Deportivo La Guaira as rivals, which cost Juan Cruz Real his post as Escarlata manager. Juan Carlos Osorio was hired as new manager for the Finalización tournament as well as the knockout stages of the Copa Sudamericana, where they were beaten by the eventual champions Athletico Paranaense in the round of 16. Domestic performance was uneven, as the team lost another Superliga, this time against Santa Fe, but qualified for the semi-finals of the Finalización tournament with a 5–1 away thrashing of Deportivo Pereira on the last day of the first stage which allowed them to advance in eighth place, and were eliminated from title contention in their semi-final group with one match to spare following a home loss to Deportes Tolima. However, the team's performance throughout the season was rewarded with qualification for the 2022 Copa Sudamericana thanks to their fifth place in the 2021 season's aggregate table. Juan Carlos Osorio continued as manager for the 2022 season, but he was eventually sacked after a few games in the 2022 Apertura tournament after displaying a poor performance throughout the competition, as well as personal rifts with the club's controlling shareholder, and elimination from the Copa Sudamericana at the hands of Independiente Medellín in the first round. Alexandre Guimarães returned to América following Osorio's dismissal, but the team failed to advance to the Apertura semi-finals and was also knocked out of the Copa Colombia by Unión Magdalena in the round of 16.

KitEdit

HomeEdit

In its early years, América wore blue and white kits based on the colors of Argentinian side Racing Club. The club eventually switched to its iconic red and white colors, a switch that became permanent in 1931. According to club lore, the inspiration was a basketball game witnessed by club secretary Hernando Lenis, in which he was impressed by a basketball team nicknamed "The Red Devils". That game lives on in both the club's jersey and their nickname, Los Diablos Rojos.[35]

AwayEdit

Throughout history, América de Cali has had several alternative uniforms, mostly white with red, although they have on occasion worn black or blue. Their best remembered alternative uniform featured red shorts with a white short.[35][36] The club has also occasionally worn commemorative uniforms, such as in 1958, when they wore a similar uniform to Racing Club, in honor of their own first uniform.[37]

ThirdEdit

The club has a second alternative jersey, colored in black, that they began wearing in mid-2006.[38]

ChronologyEdit

America de Cali Kit chronology
Season Brand Home Alternatives
1918–25 No supplier
1926
Official Foundation
1927 No supplier
1927–30
1931–48
1949
1950–52
1953–54
1955
1956–57
1958
1959–84
1985 Logo brand Adidas.png Adidas
1986–87
1994–95 Umbro.svg Umbro
1995 Logo brand Adidas.png Adidas
1996 Nanque Logo.svg Nanque
1997–98 Topper Old Logo.svg Topper
2000 Kappa
2001
2002
2003
2004–05 Keuka Logo.svg Keuka
2006
2007
2008 ASW Logo.svg ASW
2009 I NAS Old Logo.svg NAS
2009 II NAS Logo.svg NAS
2009 III
2010 Saeta Logo.svg Saeta
2011 I Puma
2011 II FSS Logo.svg FSS
2012-I
2012-II
2013 I
2013 II
2014 Adidas Logo.svg Adidas
2015
2016
2017
2018
2018-I
2018-II
2019-I (Provisional) Logo Umbro.png Umbro
2019-I
(Escudo con la A)
2019-II (Provisional)
(Escudo con el diablo)
2019-II – 2020-I
2020-II
2021-I
2021-II
2022-I
2022-II Le Coq Sportif

CrestEdit

The club's first crest, taken from a 1938 photo.
First devil, used in the 40s.

The first crest of the club was known in the mid-30s, this crest was the map of South America in reference to the name of the team that was constituted as América F.C., it was used until 1939.

The devil first appeared on the crest in 1940 because of the popular belief that the players "played like devils" on the field. During Gabriel Ochoa Uribe's twelve years with the institution, the devil was always an inconvenience for him so it was removed for religious reasons. For this reason, the crest only carried the number of stars or titles obtained by the club.

In 1992, the devil was completely removed and was only used for the administrative aspects of the institution. As a celebration of the club's 70 years, the devil was put back on the uniforms. From this date forward, any malignant beliefs regarding the devil have been completely removed. In 2007, to commemorate the club's 80 years of existence, the devil was temporarily replaced with a logo that read "80 años" (80 years) and underneath "1927–2007"; above the crest are the 13 stars obtained by the club. In 2010, the devil returned to the crest, in the shirts made by Saeta, which was the kit sponsor at the time.

As of 2017, the institutional crest without stars is presented, following the international homologation in the global professional football industry. Teams only show their badges without graphic reference to their sporting achievements.

MascotEdit

The mascot of América de Cali is a red devil, this is because different sports journalists commented that the club's players in the 1930s looked like red devils running, so this made the club take the devil as the emblem.

StadiumEdit

Estadio Olímpico Pascual Guerrero

RivalriesEdit

América de Cali vs Deportivo CaliEdit

This game is known as El Clásico Vallecaucano (the Valle del Cauca derby). These teams are fierce, long-standing rivals for dominance in the city of Cali. The rivalry dates back to a local football tournament in 1931; Deportivo Cali prevailed 1–0 in a controversial game that saw two América goals disallowed. The club published a series of articles in protest and was banned from local tournaments for a year. The rivalry has only grown since then. The clubs have met 266 times, with Cali claiming 104 victories and América 86. 81 matches between the teams have been drawn.

Together, they have combined for 22 titles and played three title deciders (Deportivo Cali won one in 1969, while América won in 1986 and 1992). Typically, between 30,000 and 35,000 fans attend this match at the stadium.[39]

América de Cali vs Atlético NacionalEdit

América de Cali vs Atlético Nacional for the Copa Mustang II in 2007

This rivalry, known as the Clásico Popular ("People's Classic") since it involves the two Colombian clubs with the largest fanbases,[40] gained importance starting from the decade of the 80s, when both América and Atlético Nacional began to stand out both in local competition and continental tournaments, and peaked between 1990 and 2002 when both teams consolidated their standing among the most powerful in Colombian football. During that stretch, the clubs met 15 times in championship finals, most recently in 2002.[41] The clubs have also met 11 times in the Copa Libertadores and twice in the Copa Sudamericana. This is an extremely even rivalry, with América claiming 93 wins to Nacional's 96 (with 79 draws).

América de Cali vs MillonariosEdit

These two teams are among the most popular and successful in Colombia, combining for 30 league titles (15 apiece) and having some of the largest and best organized supporters groups. The rivalry peaked in the 1980s, when they combined for seven out of the nine contested championships. The two were also the main contenders in the cancelled 1989 season. Since then, the decline of América has cooled the rivalry somewhat.

América de Cali vs Santa FeEdit

This is a much more recent rivalry which began to emerge during the late 1980s and early 1990s. During that time period, América made a habit of purchasing Santa Fe's best players for very low prices, and then using them to win championships. Some Santa Fe players that transferred to América are Eduardo Niño, Wílmer Cabrera, and Sergio Angulo; all of these players were part of América's 1990 league title squad. This produced bad feelings between the two sets of supporters.[42] The rivalry's competitive peak came in 1999, when América defeated Santa Fe over two legs in the Copa Merconorte finals.

Its lowest point came on 11 May 2005, when a fight between the supporters groups left one person dead. The game was called off with América ahead 5–2 at El Campin.[43][44] The rivalry remains heated today, although it is felt more on the Santa Fe side of the rivalry.

HonoursEdit

América de Cali honours
Type Competition Titles Seasons
Domestic Categoría Primera A 15 1979, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1990, 1992, 1996–97, 2000, 2001, 2002–I, 2008–II, 2019–II, 2020
Categoría Primera B 1 2016
Continental Copa Merconorte 1 1999
Copa Simón Bolívar 1s 1975
Regional Primera Categoría Departamental[45] 7 1931, 1932, 1933, 1934, 1935, 1939, 1940
Segunda Categoría Departamental[45] 2 1927, 1930
Copa Centenario Batalla de Boyacá[45] 1 1919
  •   record
  • s shared record

Other honoursEdit

FriendlyEdit

  • Torneo ESPN: 2020
  • Copa Ilustre Municipalidad de Chillan: 2016
  • Copa Campeones de América: 2016
  • Copa Ciudad de Antofagasta: 2013
  • Noche Escarlata: 2013 & 2016
  • Copa Cafam: 2008, 2011
  • Copa Sky: 2001
  • Copa Ciudad Viña del Mar: 2000
  • Copa Municipio de Andalucía: 1998
  • Noche Amarilla: 1995
  • Trofeo Banco de Crédito e Inversiones: 1986
  • Copa Osvaldo Juan Zubeldía: 1982
  • Copa Gobernación del Valle: 1979
  • Trofeo del Consulado Peruano: 1947


PlayersEdit

Current squadEdit

As of 28 January 2023[46][47][48]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
1 GK Colombia COL Diego Novoa
3 DF Colombia COL Brayan Córdoba
5 DF Colombia COL Kevin Andrade
6 MF Colombia COL Gustavo Carvajal
7 MF Colombia COL Cristian Barrios
9 FW Argentina ARG Facundo Suárez
10 MF Spain ESP Iago Falque
11 MF Colombia COL Luis Sánchez
12 GK Colombia COL David Quintero
13 DF Colombia COL Daniel Quiñones
15 DF Colombia COL John Édison García
16 DF Colombia COL Felipe Mosquera
17 DF Colombia COL Cristian Arrieta
18 FW Colombia COL Daniel Mosquera
No. Pos. Nation Player
19 MF Colombia COL Luis Alejandro Paz
20 FW Colombia COL Adrián Ramos (captain)
24 DF Colombia COL David Contreras
25 FW Colombia COL Darwin Quintero
26 MF Colombia COL Esneyder Mena
27 MF Colombia COL Juan Camilo Portilla
29 MF Colombia COL Andrés Sarmiento (on loan from Vizela)
30 DF Colombia COL Brayan Vera
31 GK Spain ESP Juan Pablo Múnera
32 MF Argentina ARG Franco Leys
33 FW Colombia COL Juan Hincapié
35 MF Colombia COL David Nazarith
36 FW Argentina ARG Juan Bautista Farías
39 DF Colombia COL Jhoiner Asprilla

Out on loanEdit

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
DF Colombia COL Andrés Álvarez (at Atlético Cali)
DF Colombia COL Yaliston Martínez (at Orsomarso until 31 December 2023)
DF Colombia COL Brayan Medina (at Fortaleza C.E.I.F. until 31 December 2023)
DF Colombia COL Juan Camilo Mesa (at Šibenik)
DF Colombia COL Eber Moreno (at Deportivo Pereira until 31 December 2023)
MF Colombia COL Juan Nieva (at Šibenik)
No. Pos. Nation Player
MF Colombia COL Didier Pino (at Deportivo Pasto until 31 December 2023)
FW Colombia COL Yeferson Contreras (at Šibenik)
FW Colombia COL Carlos Cortés (at Santiago Wanderers until 31 December 2023)
FW Colombia COL Marino Hinestroza (at Palmeiras)
FW Colombia COL Joider Micolta (at Cúcuta Deportivo until 31 December 2023)

PresidentsEdit

List of América de Cali presidents

RecordsEdit

Coaching historyEdit

List of América de Cali managers

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "América | Dimayor". Archived from the original on 5 May 2014. Retrieved 11 April 2014.
  2. ^ "Technical and statistics report" (PDF). es.fifa.com. 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 April 2020. Retrieved 26 March 2020.
  3. ^ Espinoza, Fernando; Pérez, Eliézer (27 June 2007). "Copa Simón Bolívar 1976 (1st tournament)". RSSSF. RSSSF. Retrieved 14 June 2019.
  4. ^ Andrés, Juan Pablo; Ballesteros, Frank (29 August 2000). "Copa Merconorte 1999". RSSSF. RSSSF. Retrieved 14 June 2019.
  5. ^ "America de Cali from curses copas and cocaine to Clinton crisis and collapse". Archived from the original on 18 December 2014. Retrieved 7 December 2012.
  6. ^ "All-Time Club World Ranking". IFFHS. 31 December 2009. Archived from the original on 8 March 2021. Retrieved 6 December 2016.
  7. ^ "El Club del Siglo de América del Sur" [The Club of the Century of South America]. IFFHS (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 4 December 2010. Retrieved 15 November 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  8. ^ "El Club de Sudamérica del Siglo XXI" [The Club of South America of the 21st Century]. IFFHS (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 22 October 2013. Retrieved 15 November 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  9. ^ "Ranking Histórico de la Conmebol 1960–2013 (5 primeros clubes por país) – 1a. parte" [Conmebol 1960–2013 Historical Ranking (5 top clubs per country) – part 1a.]. Pasión Fútbol (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 29 October 2013.
  10. ^ "Ranking de clubes CONMEBOL 2022" [2022 CONMEBOL clubs ranking]. conmebollibertadores.com (in Spanish). CONMEBOL Libertadores.
  11. ^ "Colombia – Foundation Dates of Clubs". RSSSF. Retrieved 4 January 2017.
  12. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 27 June 2015. Retrieved 3 August 2015.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  13. ^ Un Portal a la Historia del Deporte Archived 23 September 2015 at the Wayback Machine Arcotriunfal.com
  14. ^ "Colombia 1979". RSSSF.
  15. ^ "'Aquel 19', un recuerdo que acompaña a la hinchada del América de Cali" (in Spanish). El Espectador. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  16. ^ "Colombia 1982". RSSSF.
  17. ^ "Colombia 1983". RSSSF.
  18. ^ "Colombia 1984". RSSSF.
  19. ^ "Colombia 1985". RSSSF.
  20. ^ "Colombia 1986". RSSSF.
  21. ^ "Copa Libertadores 1987". RSSSF.
  22. ^ Kay, Bryan (30 July 2015). "The day FC Dallas coach Oscar Pareja took on drug lord Pablo Escobar" – via www.theguardian.com.
  23. ^ Service, Geoffrey Matthews, London Observer. "COLOMBIAN SOCCER IN MOURNING". chicagotribune.com.
  24. ^ "Colombia 1990". RSSSF.
  25. ^ "Colombia 1992". RSSSF.
  26. ^ "Copa Libertadores 1988". RSSSF.
  27. ^ "América de Cali inicia Promoción ante Patriotas". ESPN.com.mx (in Spanish). 10 December 2011. Retrieved 12 April 2022.
  28. ^ "América llora: Se va para la 'B' tras perder con Patriotas por penales". Colombia.com (in Spanish). 17 December 2011. Retrieved 12 April 2022.
  29. ^ "Cúcuta derrotó 4-1 al América de Cali en el Pascual Guerrero". Vanguardia.com (in Spanish). 7 December 2012. Retrieved 12 April 2022.
  30. ^ "Club de fútbol colombiano intenta olvidar pasado narco". Reuters. 5 March 2009. Retrieved 12 April 2022.
  31. ^ "U.S. clears America de Cali from 'Clinton list'". ESPN.com. 3 April 2013. Retrieved 12 April 2022.
  32. ^ "Jaguares derrotó al América y se coronó campeón del Torneo Postobón". elpais.com.co (in Spanish). 8 June 2014. Retrieved 12 April 2022.
  33. ^ "13-time champions America de Cali return to Colombia's top flight". Colombia News | Colombia Reports. 28 November 2016. Retrieved 12 April 2022.
  34. ^ "From the Clinton List and relegation to the top of Colombian football - how America de Cali cleared their name and came back from oblivion". Goal.com. 3 March 2020. Retrieved 12 April 2022.
  35. ^ a b Copa Mustang (18 May 2007). "America de Cali's founders". Archived from the original on 5 March 2008. Retrieved 9 March 2008.
  36. ^ Copa Mustang (18 May 2007). "See photo 1953". Archived from the original on 18 May 2008. Retrieved 3 July 2008.
  37. ^ Copa Mustang (18 May 2007). "See photo 1958". Retrieved 3 July 2008.
  38. ^ Bestiario del balón (18 May 2007). "América Play Boy". Retrieved 9 March 2008.
  39. ^ "Deportes". www.lapatria.com. Archived from the original on 26 December 2007.
  40. ^ "¿Cuál es el verdadero clásico del fútbol colombiano?" (in Spanish). Marca Claro Colombia. 22 February 2018. Retrieved 5 October 2021.
  41. ^ "¿Por qué América de Cali Vs. Nacional es el 'clásico de Colombia'?" (in Spanish). El País. 19 February 2021. Retrieved 5 October 2021.
  42. ^ "Independiente Santa Fe vs América de Cali: un clásico de rojos teñido de historia, rivalidad y supremacía". VAVEL (in Spanish). 2 July 2021. Archived from the original on 3 July 2020. Retrieved 30 December 2021.
  43. ^ "Un muerto y 24 heridos dejan disturbios en el estadio El Campín de Bogotá". Caracol Radio (in Spanish). 12 May 2005. Archived from the original on 5 August 2021. Retrieved 30 December 2021.
  44. ^ "Matan un hincha y tiran a otro de la tribuna". Clarín (in Spanish). 13 May 2005. Archived from the original on 30 December 2021. Retrieved 30 December 2021.
  45. ^ a b c Amateur titles
  46. ^ "Equipo profesional masculino – América de Cali". americadecali.co. 27 December 2017. Retrieved 16 February 2018.
  47. ^ "América de Cali". Dimayor. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
  48. ^ "Plantel de América de Cali". ESPN. Retrieved 12 February 2021.

External linksEdit