Independiente Medellín

Deportivo Independiente Medellín, also known as DIM or Independiente Medellín, is a Colombian professional football team based in Medellín that currently plays in the Categoría Primera A. They play their home games at the Atanasio Girardot stadium, which is part of the Atanasio Girardot Sports Complex and seats 40,043 people.

Independiente Medellín
Escudo del Deportivo Independiente Medellín.png
Full nameDeportivo Independiente Medellín
Nickname(s)El Rojo Paisa (The Paisa Red),[1]
El Poderoso de la Montaña (The Mighty of the Mountain),[2]
El Decano (The Dean),
El Equipo del Pueblo (The People's Team),
El Rey de Corazones (The King of Hearts),
Medallo
DIM (Deportivo Independiente Medellín)
Founded14 November 1913; 107 years ago (1913-11-14)
GroundEstadio Atanasio Girardot
Medellín, Colombia
Capacity40,043[3]
ChairmanVacant
ManagerHernán Darío Gómez
LeagueCategoría Primera A
202014th
WebsiteClub website

Founded in 1913, Independiente Medellín has won the Categoría Primera A six times: in 1955, 1957, 2002–II, 2004–I, 2009–II and 2016–I, and the Copa Colombia three times (in 1981, 2019, and 2020). Its best performance at international level was in 2003, when the team reached the semifinals of the Copa Libertadores.

HistoryEdit

Independiente Medellín was founded on 14 November 1913 under the name of Medellín Foot Ball Club by siblings Alberto, Luis and Rafael Uribe Piedrahíta.[4] The team played its first match with an amateur team called Sporting of Medellín, who defeated them 11–0. In 1948, Medellín joined professional football and played the first edition of the league. Medellín placed seventh out of ten teams, winning seven matches. Their first match was a 4–0 defeat against América de Cali. Their first win was 3–2 against Junior.[5]

The next decade, Medellín signed Peruvian Segundo Castillo Varela, who won the 1939 South American Championship, the first title of his country, in a movement of what was known as El Dorado, when Colombian teams signed many foreign footballers. Medellín did not play in 1952 and 1953 due to economic problems. The team won its first title in the 1955 Campeonato Profesional. The team was first with 31 points and just one defeat. Argentine Felipe Marino was the top goalscorer of the team and the tournament, with 22 goals. The team won its second title two years later, in 1957, with almost the same players as the previous seasons. José Vicente Grecco was the top scorer of the tournament.

In 1966, Medellín achieved their first ever qualification for the Copa Libertadores. They played against Argentine sides Racing de Avellaneda and River Plate, Bolivian teams 31 de Octubre and Bolívar, and fellow Colombians Santa Fe. They finished fifth out of six in their group and were eliminated. They qualified for the Copa Libertadores again after 27 years in 1994, being eliminated by Junior in the quarter-finals.

After 45 long years of agony, Medellín won its third league title in the 2002 Finalización tournament under manager Víctor Luna, who replaced Reinaldo Rueda halfway through the season due to poor results. Medellín played against Deportivo Pasto in the two-legged final. El Rojo Paisa beat Pasto 2–0 at home in the first leg with goals from Robinson Muñoz and an own goal from Julio César Valencia. In the second leg, Medellín drew 1–1 away from home, with Mauricio Molina scoring Medellín's goal from a free-kick, meaning they became champions with a 3–1 aggregate score.[6] This gave them the right to qualify for the 2003 Copa Libertadores. In the Copa Libertadores, they qualified for the knockout stages by topping their group. They beat Cerro Porteño in the round of 16 and Grêmio in the quarter-finals. They fell to Robinho's Santos 4–2 over two legs in an emotional series where they narrowly missed qualification for the final. In 2009, with the departure of Santiago Escobar as the coach of the team, his assistant, Leonel Álvarez, replaced him to play the 2009 Torneo Finalización, where the team got its fifth title against Atlético Huila. In that season, Jackson Martinez broke the league's top scoring record with 18 goals,[7] a record that was broken again later by forward of Cortuluá, Miguel Borja, in 2016 with 19 goals. In the 2016 season, the club won its sixth league title. They played Junior in the final; the first leg ended 1–1, and the second leg was won by Medellín 2–0, with Christian Marrugo scoring a brace and securing a 3–1 aggregate victory.

RivalriesEdit

 
Aerial photo of Atlético Nacional fans (Los del Sur) and Medellín fans (Rexixtenxia Norte).

Medellín's greatest rivalry is with the city's other major club Atlético Nacional, with whom they share the home stadium Atanasio Girardot. The team is dubbed "El Poderoso de la Montaña" (Mighty of the Mountain) due to Medellín's geographical location high in the Andean mountains. The rivalry is especially strong due to each team's main fanbases, Rexixtenxia Norte for Medellín and Los Del Sur for Atlético Nacional. There are sometimes fights between these two fanbases, which is why sometimes only the fanbase of one team is allowed entry. The two clubs are named with the location that they occupy in the stadium where Rexixtenxia Norte occupies the section behind the northern goal and Los Del Sur occupy the section behind the southern goal. The first Clásico Paisa was played on 12 September 1948, where Medellín beat Nacional 3–0.

In 2004 Medellín and Nacional qualified for the final of the Apertura tournament; in Antioquia everybody was very excited because this was the first "Paisa" final in the history of short tournaments. The final was played over two legs: in the first leg Medellín won 2–1 with goals scored by Rafael Castillo and Jorge Horacio Serna. The second leg was played on 27 June; it ended 0–0 and Medellín became the champion of the 2004 Apertura, its fourth league title.

ControversiesEdit

 
Rexixtenxia Norte fans in Estadio Atanasio Girardot during a match.

There were two seasons where Medellín had the title within its reach only to lose it amid great controversy. From its foundation until 2002, the Colombian First Division League had adopted a league format commonly used in European leagues. The format was a year-long tournament where the team at the end of the year in best standing was declared the winner. This format was changed in 2002 to an Apertura-Clausura format where two separate seasons are played during the year to determine two winners. In 1993 during the last game of the year, Medellín and Atlético Junior were fighting for a tight first place. Junior was playing América de Cali at home in Barranquilla while simultaneously Medellín played hometown rivals Atlético Nacional. The games were to start simultaneously. A Medellín win with a Junior loss or draw would have given Medellín the title. Medellín beat Nacional 1–0 while awaiting the 2–2 game in Barranquilla to end. Medellín players were celebrating with a victory lap and giving interviews with reporters waiting for the final whistle in Barranquilla. But Oswaldo Mackenzie scored an extremely late goal (45 minutes and 5 seconds of the second half) and gave Junior the 3–2 win and the title.

This was not the first time Medellín had a heartbreaking season; in 1989, a year where Medellín had one of the best teams in the league and was expected to win the title, a tragic event occurred in Colombian football. During the final games of the season, Medellín tied América de Cali 0–0 at home. During the game, linesman Álvaro Ortega disallowed a Medellín goal, angering many people.[8] Afterwards, a person that had been reportedly sent by Pablo Escobar hunted down the linesman and murdered him. An anonymous caller said they had betted on the game and the disallowed goal made them lose a lot of money. In response, the Colombian Football Federation decided to cancel the rest of the season which left the 1989 league without a winner.[9]

HonoursEdit

Domestic honoursEdit

Official tournamentsEdit

Winners (6): 1955, 1957, 2002–II, 2004–I, 2009–II, 2016–I
Runners-up (10): 1959, 1961, 1966, 1993, 2001, 2008–II, 2012–II, 2014–II, 2015–I, 2018–II
Winners (3): 1981, 2019, 2020
Runners-up (2): 1955–56, 2017
Runners-up (1): 2017

AmateurEdit

  • Copa Jimenez Jaramillo (1): 1923[10]
  • Campeonato Nacional (7): 1918, 1920, 1922, 1930, 1936, 1937, 1938[10]
  • Campeonato Departamental (8): 1937, 1938, 1939, 1941, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1945[10]

Friendly tournamentsEdit

  • Copa Club Unión: 1942[11]
  • Triangular ‘Trofeo Coltejer’: 1955[12]
  • Torneo "Medellín sin tugurios": 1983[13]
  • Copa Montreal (Canada): 1992
  • Copa DC United: 1994
  • Copa Ciudad de Popayan: 2005
  • Copa Gobernación de Antioquia: 2008, 2010
  • Copa del Pacífico: 2009[14]
  • Runner-up Copa Movilco – Gobernación del Meta: 2009
  • Runner-up Copa del Pacífico: 2010[15]

International participationsEdit

  • Copa Libertadores de America: 0
1967: First Round
1994: Quarter-finals
2003: Semi-finals (Third Place)
2005: First Round
2009: Second Round
2010: Second Round
2006: First Round
2016: Quarter-finals
2017: First Round
1995: First Round

PlayersEdit

Current squadEdit

As of 1 January 2021[16]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
1 GK   COL Andrés Mosquera
2 DF   COL Juan José Parra
4 DF   COL Jaime Giraldo
5 DF   COL Andrés Cadavid
6 MF   COL Juan Carlos Díaz
7 MF   COL Javier Reina
8 MF   PAR Walter Rodríguez
9 FW   ARG Israel Escalante (on loan from Boca Juniors)
11 FW   COL Maurício Cortés
12 GK   COL Luis Vásquez
13 DF   COL Didier Delgado
15 DF   COL Luis Mena
16 DF   COL Yulián Gómez
17 FW   COL Bayron Garcés
18 MF   COL Yesid Díaz
19 MF   COL José Estupiñan
21 MF   COL Larry Angulo
No. Pos. Nation Player
23 FW   COL Leonardo Castro
24 MF   COL Guillermo Tegue
25 FW   COL Juan Cuesta
26 FW   PAR Carlos Monges
27 FW   COL Andrés Rodríguez
28 DF   COL Brayan Carabalí
29 FW   COL Juan Mosquera
30 MF   COL Edwin Mosquera
34 GK   COL Yimy Gómez
DF   COL Juan Moreno
DF   COL Jesús Murillo
DF   COL Ever Valencia
MF   COL Bryan Castrillón
MF   COL Cristian Echavarría
MF   COL Miguel Monsalve
MF   COL Víctor Moreno
FW   COL Carlos Castro

Out on loanEdit

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
DF   COL Juan Camilo Saiz (at Cerro Porteño until 30 June 2021)
8 MF   ARG Adrián Arregui (at Huracán until 31 December 2021)
No. Pos. Nation Player
10 MF   COL Andrés Ricaurte (at FC Dallas until 31 December 2021)

Top scorersEdit

As of 29 October 2018[17]
No. Name Goals Country
1 German Cano 129  
2 José Vicente Grecco 92  
3 Carlos Castro 90  
4 Felipe Marino 77  
5 Jorge Serna 75  
6 Diego Álvarez 69  
7 Uriel Cadavid 65  
8 Perfecto Rodríguez 64  
9 Jackson Martinez 56  
10 Jaime Castrillón 55  

Most appearancesEdit

As of 16 August 2015[17]
No. Name Games Country
1 Héctor Echeverri 457  
2 Ricardo Calle 418  
3 Roberto Carlos Cortés 351  
4 Ponciano Castro 342  
5 John Restrepo 335  
6 José Zárate 318  
7 Álvaro Escobar 315  
8 Carlos Castro 283  
9 Uriel Cadavid 277  
10 Jaime Castrillón 276  

ManagersEdit

PresidentsEdit

This is the list of presidents of Independiente Medellín since its foundation:[18]

  • José Luis Restrepo Jaramillo (1913-1928)
  • Luis Eduardo Ramírez (1929-1933)
  • Jesus Maria Burgos (1933-1938)[19]
  • Bernardo Munera A. (1940-1947)
  • Federico Kahn (1948-1948)[20]
  • Alejandro Cano (1948-1951)
  • Ignacio Gómez (1953-1954)
  • Javier Arriola (1954-1958)[19]
  • Alfonso Arriola (1959-1970)[19]
  • Oscar Serna Mejía (1971-1974)
  • Gustavo Arbeláez (1974-1974)
  • Gabriel Toro Pérez (1975-1977)
  • Oscar Serna Mejía (1978-1978)
  • Hernán Gómez Agudelo (1978-1979)
  • Pablo Correa Ramos (1979-1981)
  • Oscar Serna Mejía (1981-1981)
  • Héctor Mesa Gómez (1981-1983)
  • Oscar Serna Mejía (1984-1985)
  • Pablo Correa Ramos (1985 -1985)
  • Mario de Jesus Valderrama (1986 -1987)
  • Gabriel Toro Pérez (1987-1987)
  • Luis Fernando Correa (1987-1987)
  • Humberto Betancur (1987-1988)
  • Hernán Gómez Agudelo (1988-1989)
  • Antonio Mesa Escobar (1989-1991)
  • Alberto Montoya Callejas (1991-1992)
  • Jesús Aristizábal Guevara (1992-1992)
  • Julio Villate (1992-1995)[19]
  • Jorge Castillo (1995-1997)[19]
  • Mario de Jesus Valderrama (1998-2000)[19]
  • Javier Velásquez (2001-2005) [21][22]
  • Juan Guillermo Montoya (2005-2006)
  • John Cardona Arteaga (2006-2006)
  • Carlos Alberto Palacio Acosta (2006-2008)
  • Jorge Alberto Osorio (2008-2012)[23]
  • Julio Roberto Gómez 2012-2013
  • Carlos Mario Mejía (2013-2014)[24]
  • Eduardo Silva Meluk (2014-2018)
  • Michael Gil Gómez (2019-present)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ http://www.elcolombiano.com/al-final-al-rojo-paisa-le-faltaron-ideas-y-goles-1-LM952782
  2. ^ http://www.rcn.com.co/locales/noticias/todo-esta-listo-en-medellin-para-la-final-entre-el-poderoso-de-la-montana-y-el
  3. ^ http://es.fifa.com/mm/document/footballdevelopment/technicalsupport/01/52/19/97/fu20wcreportv2.pdf
  4. ^ Galvis Ramírez, Alberto, 1952- (2008). 100 años de fútbol en Colombia (1. ed.). Bogotá: Planeta. ISBN 978-958-42-1910-7. OCLC 430736818.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  5. ^ "Independiente Medellín, 100 años de "poderosa" historia". Antena 2 (in Spanish). 5 December 2013. Archived from the original on 21 September 2016.
  6. ^ "2000 al presente". DIM.com. Archived from the original on 19 June 2011. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
  7. ^ "Con 18 tantos, Jackson Martínez fue el goleador del torneo Finalización". futbolred.com (in Spanish). 20 December 2009. Retrieved 2020-10-06.
  8. ^ "Álvaro Ortega, el árbitro asesinado por Pablo Escobar". Diario AS (in Spanish). 2016-11-15. Retrieved 2020-10-06.
  9. ^ Matthews, Geoffery (26 November 1989). "COLOMBIAN SOCCER IN MOURNING". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 6 October 2020.
  10. ^ a b c "DEPORTIVO INDEPENDIENTE MEDELLÍN, EL PODEROSO", es una publicación de El Colombiano Ltda. en Cia SCA.
  11. ^ Medellín ganó la Copa Club Unión (in Spanish)
  12. ^ Fernando Paternoster primer técnico campeón con Nacional Archived 2011-09-13 at the Wayback Machine (in Spanish)
  13. ^ Torneos amistosos en RSSSF (in Spanish)
  14. ^ DIM se llevó la Copa del Pacífico – CRE Satelital Ecuador Archived 2011-12-30 at the Wayback Machine (in Spanish)
  15. ^ "El clásico de rojos y la Copa Movilco fue para Santa Fe". Santa Fe Corporacion Deportiva (in Spanish). 6 July 2009. Archived from the original on 18 June 2010.
  16. ^ "Independiente Medellín". Dimayor. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
  17. ^ a b [1]
  18. ^ Deportivo Independiente Medellín, El Poderoso. El Colombiano. ISBN 9789588240213. OCLC 777912312.
  19. ^ a b c d e f "El DIM, un rompecorazones". El Colombiano (in Spanish). Retrieved 2020-10-07.
  20. ^ "Historia 1948". DIMAYOR.com. Archived from the original on 12 October 2007. Retrieved 6 October 2020.
  21. ^ "Death of Javier Velásquez, historical president of Medellín". El Espectador (in Spanish). 8 August 2017. Retrieved 2020-10-07.
  22. ^ "A los 82 años falleció Javier Velásquez, expresidente del DIM". El Mundo. 8 August 2017. Retrieved 8 October 2020.
  23. ^ "Directivos". DIM.com. 14 October 2008. Archived from the original on 19 June 2011. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
  24. ^ "Carlos Mario Mejía asumió como Presidente del DIM". El Pais Colombia. 7 May 2013.

External linksEdit