The Categoría Primera A (Spanish pronunciation: [kateɣoˈɾi.a pɾiˈmeɾa ˈa]), commonly referred to as Liga BetPlay Dimayor due to sponsorship by online betting company BetPlay,[1] is a Colombian professional league for association football clubs. It is the country's premier football tournament and sits at the top of the Colombian football league system.

Liga BetPlay Dimayor
Organising bodyDIMAYOR
Founded15 August 1948; 75 years ago (1948-08-15)
CountryColombia
ConfederationCONMEBOL
Number of teams20
Level on pyramid1
Relegation toCategoría Primera B
Domestic cup(s)
International cup(s)Copa Libertadores
Copa Sudamericana
Current championsJunior (10th title)
(2023–II)
Most championshipsAtlético Nacional
(17 titles)
Most appearancesGabriel Berdugo (733)
Top goalscorerSergio Galván Rey (224)
TV partnersWin Sports, Win Sports+
Websitedimayor.com.co
Current: 2024 season

A total of twenty clubs compete in the league's regular season. División Mayor del Fútbol Profesional Colombiano, better known as DIMAYOR, organizes the competition and operates the league system of promotion and relegation for both Categoría Primera A and Categoría Primera B leagues. Since its foundation in 1948, fifteen teams have been crowned as Colombian football champions. The most successful club is Atlético Nacional with 17 titles. The league was ranked as the 11th strongest national league in the world at the end of 2023 by the International Federation of Football History & Statistics.[2]

History edit

Before 1948 there was no professional football league in Colombia. The first clubs were formed in Barranquilla and Bogotá: Barranquilla FC, Polo Club, Escuela Militar and Bartolinos, although the game took a while to develop in popularity.[3] The 1918 Campeonato Nacional was the first tournament played between Colombian clubs, followed by the Copa Centenario Batalla de Boyacá. Independiente Medellín, founded on 15 April 1913, is the oldest club that remains as a professional club.[4] The first tournament was organised by the Colombian Football Federation and DIMAYOR in 1948. Ten teams signed up for this first tournament, paying the required fee of 1,000 pesos). Two teams each signed on from Bogotá, Cali, Manizales, and Pereira, plus one from Barranquilla.[5] 252 players were registered for that year's tournament, 182 of which were Colombians, 13 were Argentine, 8 Peruvian, 5 Uruguayan, 2 Chilean, 2 Ecuadorian, 1 Dominican, and 1 Spanish.[5]

Soon after the league's foundation, disputes between Adefútbol (the body governing amateur football in Colombia) and DIMAYOR (the organizing body behind the new national league) erupted. DIMAYOR broke away from Adefútbol, announcing that it would operate independently of FIFA rules and regulations. In response, FIFA sanctioned Colombian football, banning the national team and all its clubs from international competition. This period, which lasted from 1949 to 1954, is known as El Dorado.

Far from being a dark time in Colombian football, this was its golden age. No longer required to pay transfer fees to clubs from other nations, Colombian clubs began importing stars from all over South America and Europe. The most aggressive signer of international players was Millonarios, which won consecutive championships with stars such as Alfredo di Stéfano. Attendances boomed, and the expanding appetite for club competitions resulted in the creation of the Copa Colombia in 1950. That knockout competition was played sporadically over the next 58 years and only became an annual tournament in 2008.[6] Although the stars returned to their nations when Colombia rejoined the international fold in 1954, the era was never forgotten.[7]

In 1968 the league started following the pattern emerging in South America by replacing its year-long tournament with two shorter ones. From this point forward, Colombian clubs would compete in two tournaments a year; the Apertura from February to June and the Finalización from July to December, which became independent championships in 2002. Another league restructuring came in 1991, with the addition of second and third divisions. The third division had its 2002 edition cancelled for economic reasons, and stopped awarding promotion to the professional tiers in 2003 until it was finally dropped in 2010.

Format edit

The current format of Colombian football was adopted for the 2019 season. The top flight features 20 teams, all of which play through the Apertura and Finalización tournaments each year. Both tournaments are conducted according to an identical three-stage format, and have been independent title-awarding tournaments since 2002.

The first stage is conducted on a single round-robin basis, with each team playing the other teams once for a total of 19 matches, although an extra round of regional derbies has been included in most seasons. The top eight teams then advance to a semi-final round consisting of two groups of four teams, each team playing the others in their group twice in a double round-robin format. The two group winners advance to the final, which is played in a home-and-away double-legged fashion.

Relegation to Categoría Primera B is determined by averaging the point totals achieved by teams in the first stage of the competition over the previous three seasons. Each year, the bottom two teams drop out and are replaced by the top two from Primera B.[8]

Current teams edit

Teams for the 2024 season

Team City Stadium Capacity Head Coach First season
in Primera A
Last title
Águilas Doradas Rionegro Alberto Grisales 14,000   Hernán Darío Gómez 2011 None
Alianza Valledupar Armando Maestre Pavajeau 11,000   César Torres 2024 None
América de Cali Cali Pascual Guerrero 38,000   César Farías 1948 2020
Atlético Bucaramanga Bucaramanga Alfonso López 28,000   Rafael Dudamel 1949 None
Atlético Nacional Medellín Atanasio Girardot 40,043   Jhon Jairo Bodmer 1948 2022–I
Boyacá Chicó Tunja La Independencia 20,630   Jhon Jaime Gómez (caretaker) 2004 2008–I
Deportes Tolima Ibagué Manuel Murillo Toro 28,100   David González 1955 2021–I
Deportivo Cali Cali Deportivo Cali 44,000   Jaime de la Pava 1948 2021–II
Deportivo Pasto Pasto Libertad 20,665   Jersson González 1999 2006–I
Deportivo Pereira Pereira Hernán Ramírez Villegas 30,297   Leonel Álvarez 1949 2022–II
Envigado Envigado Polideportivo Sur 11,000   Dayron Pérez 1992 None
Fortaleza C.E.I.F. Bogotá Metropolitano de Techo 8,000   Sebastián Oliveros 2014 None
Independiente Medellín Medellín Atanasio Girardot 40,043   Alfredo Arias 1948 2016–I
Jaguares Montería Jaraguay 12,000   Hubert Bodhert 2015 None
Junior Barranquilla Metropolitano Roberto Meléndez 49,692   Arturo Reyes 1948 2023–II
La Equidad Bogotá Metropolitano de Techo 8,000   Alexis García 2007 None
Millonarios Bogotá Nemesio Camacho 39,512   Alberto Gamero 1948 2023–I
Once Caldas Manizales Palogrande 32,000   Hernán Darío Herrera 1948 2010–II
Patriotas Tunja La Independencia 20,630   Harold Rivera 2012 None
Santa Fe Bogotá Nemesio Camacho 39,512   Pablo Peirano 1948 2016–II

Seasons by club edit

This is the complete list of the clubs that have taken part in at least one Categoría Primera A season, founded in 1948, until the 2024 season.[9][10] Teams that currently play are indicated in bold.

Trophy edit

The same trophy has been used to commemorate the annual champion since 1948. Made of German silver, weighing roughly 5 kilos and measuring approximately 90 centimeters tall, in its upper part it has the figure of the Winged Victory of Samothrace, which has been used to represent sporting triumph with the passing of history. The original trophy is kept at the headquarters of DIMAYOR and is engraved with all the names of the champion clubs, with the champions being awarded an exact replica. Along with the competition's official trophy, the champions are also awarded an additional trophy handed over by the league's sponsor.[11]

Clubs in international competitions edit

Players edit

Appearances edit

As of 13 March 2016[12]
Rank Player Years Appearances
1   Gabriel Berdugo 1973–1981 773
2   Alexis García 1980–1998 723
3   Arturo Segovia 1963–1979 706
4   Jorge Bermúdez 1989–96, 2005, 2006–07 682
5   Misael Flórez 1962–1981 652

Top scorers edit

As of 14 February 2024[13]
Rank Player Years Goals
1   Sergio Galván Rey 1996–2011 224[14]
2   Dayro Moreno 2003–present 221[15]
3   Iván Valenciano 1988–2009 217
4   Hugo Lóndero 1969–1981 211
5   Antony de Ávila 1982–2009 208
6   Oswaldo Palavecino 1975–1985 204
7   Jorge Ramírez Gallego 1962–1975 201
8   Omar Devani 1962–1975 198
9   Víctor Aristizábal 1990–2007 187
10   Arnoldo Iguarán 1977–1997 186

Champions by seasons edit

The only tournament that was not awarded to a champion occurred in 1989, after the assassination of referee Álvaro Ortega on October 1 in Medellín. All games, post-season games and international representation for the following year were cancelled.[16][17]

Table edit

Ed. Season Champion (title count) Runner-up Leading goalscorer(s)[18]
1
1948 Santa Fe (1) Junior   Alfredo Castillo (Millonarios; 31 goals)
2
1949 Millonarios (1) Deportivo Cali   Pedro Cabillón (Millonarios; 42 goals)
3
1950 Deportes Caldas (1) Millonarios   Casimiro Ávalos (Deportivo Pereira; 27 goals)
4
1951 Millonarios (2) Boca Juniors   Alfredo Di Stéfano (Millonarios; 31 goals)
5
1952 Millonarios (3) Boca Juniors   Alfredo Di Stéfano (Millonarios; 19 goals)
6
1953 Millonarios (4) Atlético Quindío   Mario Garelli (Atlético Quindío; 20 goals)
7
1954 Atlético Nacional (1) Atlético Quindío   Carlos Alberto Gambina (Atlético Nacional; 21 goals)
8
1955 Independiente Medellín (1) Atlético Nacional   Felipe Marino (Independiente Medellín; 22 goals)
9
1956 Atlético Quindío (1) Millonarios   Jaime Gutiérrez (Atlético Quindío; 21 goals)
10
1957 Independiente Medellín (2) Deportes Tolima   José Vicente Grecco (Independiente Medellín; 30 goals)
11
1958 Santa Fe (2) Millonarios   José Américo Montanini (Atlético Bucaramanga; 36 goals)
12
1959 Millonarios (5) Independiente Medellín   Felipe Marino (Cúcuta Deportivo / Independiente Medellín; 35 goals)
13
1960 Santa Fe (3) América de Cali   Walter Marcolini (Deportivo Cali; 30 goals)
14
1961 Millonarios (6) Independiente Medellín   Alberto Perazzo (Santa Fe; 32 goals)
15
1962 Millonarios (7) Deportivo Cali   José Omar Verdún (Cúcuta Deportivo; 36 goals)
16
1963 Millonarios (8) Santa Fe   Omar Devani (Atlético Bucaramanga; 36 goals)
  José Omar Verdún (Cúcuta Deportivo; 36 goals)
17
1964 Millonarios (9) Cúcuta Deportivo   Omar Devani (Unión Magdalena / Atlético Bucaramanga; 28 goals)
18
1965 Deportivo Cali (1) Atlético Nacional   Perfecto Rodríguez (Independiente Medellín; 38 goals)
19
1966 Santa Fe (4) Independiente Medellín   Omar Devani (Santa Fe; 31 goals)
20
1967 Deportivo Cali (2) Millonarios   José María Ferrero (Millonarios; 38 goals)
21
1968 Unión Magdalena (1) Deportivo Cali   José María Ferrero (Millonarios; 32 goals)
22
1969 Deportivo Cali (3) América de Cali     Hugo Lóndero (América de Cali; 25 goals)
23
1970 Deportivo Cali (4) Junior   José María Ferrero (Cúcuta Deportivo; 27 goals)
  Walter Sossa (Santa Fe; 27 goals)
24
1971 Santa Fe (5) Atlético Nacional     Hugo Lóndero (Cúcuta Deportivo; 30 goals)
  Apolinar Paniagua (Deportivo Pereira; 30 goals)
25
1972 Millonarios (10) Deportivo Cali     Hugo Lóndero (Cúcuta Deportivo; 27 goals)
26
1973 Atlético Nacional (2) Millonarios   Nelson Silva Pacheco (Cúcuta Deportivo / Junior; 36 goals)
27
1974 Deportivo Cali (5) Atlético Nacional   Víctor Ephanor (Junior; 33 goals)
28
1975 Santa Fe (6) Millonarios   Jorge Ramón Cáceres (Deportivo Pereira; 35 goals)
29
1976 Atlético Nacional (3) Deportivo Cali   Miguel Angel Converti (Millonarios; 33 goals)
30
1977 Junior (1) Deportivo Cali   Oswaldo Marcial Palavecino (Atlético Nacional; 33 goals)
31
1978 Millonarios (11) Deportivo Cali   Oswaldo Marcial Palavecino (Atlético Nacional; 36 goals)
32
1979 América de Cali (1) Santa Fe   Juan José Irigoyén (Millonarios; 36 goals)
33
1980 Junior (2) Deportivo Cali   Sergio Cierra (Deportivo Pereira; 26 goals)
34
1981 Atlético Nacional (4) Deportes Tolima   Víctor Hugo del Río (Deportes Tolima; 29 goals)
35
1982 América de Cali (2) Deportes Tolima   Miguel Oswaldo González (Atlético Bucaramanga; 27 goals)
36
1983 América de Cali (3) Junior   Hugo Gottardi (Santa Fe; 29 goals)
37
1984 América de Cali (4) Millonarios   Hugo Gottardi (Independiente Santa Fe; 23 goals)
38
1985 América de Cali (5) Deportivo Cali   Miguel Oswaldo González (Atlético Bucaramanga; 34 goals)
39
1986 América de Cali (6) Deportivo Cali   Héctor Ramón Sossa (Independiente Medellín; 23 goals)
40
1987 Millonarios (12) América de Cali   Jorge Aravena (Deportivo Cali; 23 goals)
41
1988 Millonarios (13) Atlético Nacional   Sergio Angulo (Santa Fe; 29 goals)
42
1989 Championship not awarded
43
1990 América de Cali (7) Atlético Nacional   Antony de Ávila (América de Cali; 25 goals)
44
1991 Atlético Nacional (5) América de Cali   Iván Valenciano (Junior; 30 goals)
45
1992 América de Cali (8) Atlético Nacional   John Jairo Tréllez (Atlético Nacional; 25 goals)
46
1993 Junior (3) Independiente Medellín   Miguel Guerrero (Junior; 34 goals)
47
1994 Atlético Nacional (6) Millonarios   Rubén Darío Hernández (Independiente Medellín / Deportivo Pereira / América de Cali; 32 goals)
48
1995 Junior (4) América de Cali   Iván Valenciano (Junior; 24 goals)
49
1995–96 Deportivo Cali (6) Millonarios   Iván Valenciano (Junior; 36 goals)
50
1996–97 América de Cali (9) Atlético Bucaramanga   Hamilton Ricard (Deportivo Cali; 36 goals)
51
1998 Deportivo Cali (7) Once Caldas   Víctor Bonilla (Deportivo Cali; 37 goals)
52
1999 Atlético Nacional (7) América de Cali   Sergio Galván Rey (Once Caldas; 26 goals)
53
2000 América de Cali (10) Junior   Carlos Alberto Castro (Millonarios; 24 goals)
54
2001 América de Cali (11) Independiente Medellín   Carlos Alberto Castro (Millonarios; 29 goals)
  Jorge Horacio Serna (Independiente Medellín; 29 goals)
55
2002 Apertura América de Cali (12) Atlético Nacional   Luis Fernando Zuleta (Unión Magdalena; 13 goals)
56
Finalización Independiente Medellín (3) Deportivo Pasto   Orlando Ballesteros (Atlético Bucaramanga; 13 goals)
  Milton Rodríguez (Deportivo Pereira; 13 goals)
57
2003 Apertura Once Caldas (2) Junior   Arnulfo Valentierra (Once Caldas; 13 goals)
58
Finalización Deportes Tolima (1) Deportivo Cali   Léider Preciado (Deportivo Cali; 17 goals)
59
2004 Apertura Independiente Medellín (4) Atlético Nacional   Sergio Herrera (América de Cali; 13 goals)
60
Finalización Junior (5) Atlético Nacional   Leonardo Fabio Moreno (América de Cali; 15 goals)
  Léider Preciado (Santa Fe; 15 goals)
61
2005 Apertura Atlético Nacional (8) Santa Fe   Víctor Aristizábal (Atlético Nacional; 16 goals)
62
Finalización Deportivo Cali (8) Real Cartagena   Jámerson Rentería (Real Cartagena; 12 goals)
  Hugo Rodallega (Deportivo Cali; 12 goals)
63
2006 Apertura Deportivo Pasto (1) Deportivo Cali   Jorge Díaz Moreno (Cúcuta Deportivo; 15 goals)
64
Finalización Cúcuta Deportivo (1) Deportes Tolima   Diego Álvarez (Independiente Medellín; 11 goals)
  Jhon Charría (Deportes Tolima; 11 goals)
65
2007 Apertura Atlético Nacional (9) Atlético Huila   Fredy Montero (Atlético Huila; 13 goals)
  Sergio Galván Rey (Atlético Nacional; 13 goals)
66
Finalización Atlético Nacional (10) La Equidad   Dayro Moreno (Once Caldas; 16 goals)
67
2008 Apertura Boyacá Chicó (1) América de Cali   Miguel Caneo (Boyacá Chicó; 13 goals)
  Iván Velásquez (Deportes Quindío; 13 goals)
68
Finalización América de Cali (13) Independiente Medellín   Fredy Montero (Deportivo Cali; 16 goals)
69
2009 Apertura Once Caldas (3) Junior   Teófilo Gutiérrez (Junior; 16 goals)
70
Finalización Independiente Medellín (5) Atlético Huila   Jackson Martínez (Independiente Medellín; 18 goals)
71
2010 Apertura Junior (6) La Equidad   Carlos Bacca (Junior; 12 goals)
  Carlos Rentería (La Equidad; 12 goals)
72
Finalización Once Caldas (4) Deportes Tolima   Wilder Medina (Deportes Tolima; 16 goals)
  Dayro Moreno (Once Caldas; 16 goals)
73
2011 Apertura Atlético Nacional (11) La Equidad   Carlos Rentería (Atlético Nacional; 12 goals)
74
Finalización Junior (7) Once Caldas   Carlos Bacca (Junior; 12 goals)
75
2012 Apertura Santa Fe (7) Deportivo Pasto   Robin Ramírez (Deportes Tolima; 13 goals)
76
Finalización Millonarios (14) Independiente Medellín   Henry Hernández (Cúcuta Deportivo; 9 goals)
  Carmelo Valencia (La Equidad; 9 goals)
  Germán Cano (Independiente Medellín; 9 goals)
77
2013 Apertura Atlético Nacional (12) Santa Fe   Wilder Medina (Santa Fe; 12 goals)
78
Finalización Atlético Nacional (13) Deportivo Cali   Dayro Moreno (Millonarios; 16 goals)
  Luis Carlos Ruiz (Junior; 16 goals)
79
2014 Apertura Atlético Nacional (14) Junior   Dayro Moreno (Millonarios; 12 goals)
80
Finalización Santa Fe (8) Independiente Medellín   Germán Cano (Independiente Medellín; 16 goals)
81
2015 Apertura Deportivo Cali (9) Independiente Medellín   Fernando Uribe (Millonarios; 15 goals)
82
Finalización Atlético Nacional (15) Junior   Jefferson Duque (Atlético Nacional; 15 goals)
83
2016 Apertura Independiente Medellín (6) Junior   Miguel Borja (Cortuluá; 19 goals)
84
Finalización Santa Fe (9) Deportes Tolima   Ayron del Valle (Millonarios; 12 goals)
85
2017 Apertura Atlético Nacional (16) Deportivo Cali   Dayro Moreno (Atlético Nacional; 14 goals)
86
Finalización Millonarios (15) Santa Fe   Yimmi Chará (Junior; 11 goals)
  Ayron del Valle (Millonarios; 11 goals)
  Dayro Moreno (Atlético Nacional; 11 goals)
  Carmelo Valencia (La Equidad; 11 goals)
87
2018 Apertura Deportes Tolima (2) Atlético Nacional   Germán Cano (Independiente Medellín; 12 goals)
88
Finalización Junior (8) Independiente Medellín   Germán Cano (Independiente Medellín; 20 goals)
89
2019 Apertura Junior (9) Deportivo Pasto   Germán Cano (Independiente Medellín; 21 goals)
90
Finalización América de Cali (14) Junior   Germán Cano (Independiente Medellín; 13 goals)
  Michael Rangel (América de Cali; 13 goals)
91
2020 América de Cali (15) Santa Fe   Miguel Borja (Junior; 14 goals)
92
2021 Apertura Deportes Tolima (3) Millonarios   Jefferson Duque (Atlético Nacional; 11 goals)
  Fernando Uribe (Millonarios; 11 goals)
  Diego Herazo (La Equidad; 11 goals)
93
Finalización Deportivo Cali (10) Deportes Tolima   Harold Preciado (Deportivo Cali; 13 goals)
94
2022 Apertura Atlético Nacional (17) Deportes Tolima   Dayro Moreno (Atlético Bucaramanga; 13 goals)
95
Finalización Deportivo Pereira (1) Independiente Medellín   Leonardo Castro (Deportivo Pereira; 15 goals)
96
2023 Apertura Millonarios (16) Atlético Nacional   Marco Pérez (Águilas Doradas; 13 goals)
97
Finalización Junior (10) Independiente Medellín   Carlos Bacca (Junior; 18 goals)

Source for champions and runners-up by season: RSSSF[19]

List of champions edit

Rank Club Winners Runners-up Winning years Runners-up years
1 Atlético Nacional 17 12 1954, 1973, 1976, 1981, 1991, 1994, 1999, 2005–I, 2007–I, 2007–II, 2011–I, 2013–I, 2013–II, 2014–I, 2015–II, 2017–I, 2022–I 1955, 1965, 1971, 1974, 1988, 1990, 1992, 2002–I, 2004–I, 2004–II, 2018–I, 2023–I
2 Millonarios 16 10 1949, 1951, 1952, 1953, 1959, 1961, 1962, 1963, 1964, 1972, 1978, 1987, 1988, 2012–II, 2017–II, 2023–I 1950, 1956, 1958, 1967, 1973, 1975, 1984, 1994, 1995–96, 2021–I
3 América de Cali 15 7 1979, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1990, 1992, 1996–97, 2000, 2001, 2002–I, 2008–II, 2019–II, 2020 1960, 1969, 1987, 1991, 1995, 1999, 2008–I
4 Deportivo Cali 10 14 1965, 1967, 1969, 1970, 1974, 1995–96, 1998, 2005–II, 2015–I, 2021–II 1949, 1962, 1968, 1972, 1976, 1977, 1978, 1980, 1985, 1986, 2003–II, 2006–I, 2013–II, 2017–I
Junior 10 10 1977, 1980, 1993, 1995, 2004–II, 2010–I, 2011–II, 2018–II, 2019–I, 2023–II 1948, 1970, 1983, 2000, 2003–I, 2009–I, 2014–I, 2015–II, 2016–I, 2019–II
6 Santa Fe 9 6 1948, 1958, 1960, 1966, 1971, 1975, 2012–I, 2014–II, 2016–II 1963, 1979, 2005–I, 2013–I, 2017–II, 2020
7 Independiente Medellín 6 12 1955, 1957, 2002–II, 2004–I, 2009–II, 2016–I 1959, 1961, 1966, 1993, 2001, 2008–II, 2012–II, 2014–II, 2015–I, 2018–II, 2022–II, 2023–II
8 Once Caldas 4 2 1950, 2003–I, 2009–I, 2010–II 1998, 2011–II
9 Deportes Tolima 3 8 2003–II, 2018–I, 2021–I 1957, 1981, 1982, 2006–II, 2010–II, 2016–II, 2021–II, 2022–I
10 Deportivo Pasto 1 3 2006–I 2002–II, 2012–I, 2019–I
Deportes Quindío 1 2 1956 1953, 1954
Cúcuta Deportivo 1 1 2006–II 1964
Unión Magdalena 1 1968
Boyacá Chicó 1 2008–I
Deportivo Pereira 1 2022–II

Source: RSSSF

References edit

  1. ^ "Dimayor presentó a Betplay como nuevo patrocinador del fútbol colombiano" [Dimayor presented Betplay as the new sponsor of Colombian football] (in Spanish). El País. 22 January 2020. Archived from the original on 15 October 2023. Retrieved 30 August 2023.
  2. ^ "IFFHS MEN'S STRONGEST NATIONAL LEAGUE IN THE WORLD - THE TOP 100". IFFHS. 21 January 2024. Archived from the original on 21 January 2024. Retrieved 22 January 2024.
  3. ^ "Colombia - Foundation Dates of Clubs". Archived from the original on 2022-09-27. Retrieved 2023-02-02.
  4. ^ Ruíz Bonilla, Guillermo (2008). La gran historia del Fútbol Profesional Colombiano. Ediciones Dayscript. pp. 12–14, 19. ISBN 978-958-987-1300.
  5. ^ a b Ruíz Bonilla, Guillermo (2008). La gran historia del Fútbol Profesional Colombiano. Ediciones Dayscript. p. 51. ISBN 978-958-987-1300.
  6. ^ Acosta, Andrés (2013-01-10). "Colombia - List of Cup Winners". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Andrés Acosta and RSSSF. Archived from the original on 2022-09-26. Retrieved 2013-11-15.
  7. ^ "El Tiempo - Colombia entra en la élite del fútbol mundial con 'la época de El Dorado'" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2012-06-29. Retrieved 2015-04-12.
  8. ^ "The Organization Of The Colombian Football League". Liga Deportiva. April 19, 2022. Archived from the original on April 27, 2022. Retrieved April 25, 2022.
  9. ^ http://futbol-1a.com/tabla-historica-del-futbol-profesional-colombiano/[dead link]
  10. ^ dimayor.com.co/estadisticas/
  11. ^ Caracol Radio, ed. (14 July 2012). "Estos son los trofeos que reciben los campeones" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 15 April 2015. Retrieved 12 April 2015.
  12. ^ "Semana.com - Imprimir". www.semana.com. Archived from the original on 2019-02-12. Retrieved 2019-02-10.
  13. ^ "¿Marca inalcanzable?". Liga Postobón (in Spanish). 26 April 2010. Archived from the original on 2016-03-08. Retrieved 2016-03-13.
  14. ^ "Hace 20 años empezó la historia de Sergio Galván Rey en el Once Caldas". La Patria (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2016-01-29. Retrieved 2016-03-13.
  15. ^ "Dayro Moreno cerca de superar récord de Sergio Galván Rey en el FPC" [Dayro Moreno close to surpassing Sergio Galván Rey's record in the FPC]. Antena 2 (in Spanish). 31 January 2023. Archived from the original on 31 January 2023. Retrieved 31 January 2023.
  16. ^ Ruiz Bonilla, Guillermo (October 2008). La gran historia del Fútbol Profesional Colombiano [The Grand History of Colombian Professional Football] (in Spanish). Ediciones Dayscript. p. 223. ISBN 978-958-98713-0-0.
  17. ^ "Colombia 1989". RSSSF. Archived from the original on 2023-03-23. Retrieved 2023-02-02.
  18. ^ Arteaga, José; Ballesteros, Frank (March 6, 2008). "Colombian League Top Scorers". website. RSSSF. Retrieved November 27, 2010.
  19. ^ Juan Pablo Andres and Frank Ballesteros, 22 May 2014. "Colombia - List of Champions and Runners-Up". RSSSF. Archived from the original on 7 February 2023. Retrieved 22 September 2014.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)

External links edit