Sporting Cristal

Club Sporting Cristal S.A. is a Peruvian sports club located in the city of Lima, best known for its football team. It was founded on 13 December 1955 in the Rímac district by engineer Ricardo Bentín Mujica and his wife Esther Grande de Bentín, owners of the Peruvian brewery Backus and Johnston.[2][3] The club and the brewery have been closely linked since its inception, and it is for this reason that it is popularly known as los Cerveceros ("the brewers").

Sporting Cristal
Escudo del Club Sporting Cristal.svg
Full nameClub Sporting Cristal S.A.[1]
Nickname(s)Los Cerveceros, Los Rimenses, Los Celestes, La Fuerza Vencedora, La Máquina Celeste
Founded13 December 1955; 65 years ago (1955-12-13)
GroundEstadio Alberto Gallardo,
Lima
Capacity11,600
OwnerInnova Sports
PresidentJoel Raffo
ManagerRoberto Mosquera
LeagueLiga 1
2020Liga 1, 1st (Champion)
WebsiteClub website

The team has played in the Primera División since 1956, where it obtained the title that year. Due to this achievement, Cristal is often referred to as "El club que nació campeón".[4] Since their first participation, they have won the league title 19 times and are one of the few teams in Peru to have never been relegated from the top division. Sporting Cristal is also the first Peruvian team to have been crowned tricampeóns, successively winning the 1994, 1995, and 1996 seasons.[5][6] In 1997, they were runners-up of the Copa Libertadores, losing the final to Brazilian side Cruzeiro. Cristal holds the longest undefeated streak in the tournament; 17 games without suffering a loss.[7]

Cristal has a heated rivalry with Club Universitario de Deportes. One of the main reasons for the enmity between the two sides is the series of transfers of Universitario's star players to los Celestes. The club also has rivalries with Alianza Lima, Deportivo Municipal, and Sport Boys.

Sporting Cristal plays its home games at the Estadio Alberto Gallardo. They play at the Estadio Nacional for international competitions such as the Libertadores or Sudamericana. The Estadio Nacional is also the venue for matches against Universitario and Alianza Lima.

In addition to football, the club has teams specializing in futsal, women's football, and volleyball.[8][9]

HistoryEdit

Ricardo Bentín Mujica, with the support of his wife, co-owners of Backus and Johnston brewery, was the man who is credited with achieving the company's goal. A club from Rímac ward, known as Sporting Tabaco founded in 1926 and originally belonging to the tobacco growers' union, was already playing in the professional Peruvian First Division. Never having won a national championship, the club was in dire economic straits. Bentín decided to buy the club and search for a playing ground, so that the club could develop and be able to play better at the professional level. The club found a lot in the neighborhood of La Florida of 137,000 m².

On December 13, 1955 the club was founded as Sporting Cristal , after Backus' best-known beer brand, Cristal. The new club from the Rímac ward debuted in 1956 in the professional Primera Division and won their first national title that same year. Journalists thus called them the club born a champion (nació campeon). The team managed to win more titles over the years and was known as one of the best football clubs in Peru after Universitario and Alianza Lima. A few years later, the club eliminated the word Backus from their name to demonstrate their economic independence.

During the 1962 edition until the 1969 edition of the Copa Libertadores, Sporting Cristal went on an 17-game undefeated streak,[10] the longest unbeaten streak in the Copa Libertadores, winning 8 games, and tying 9.

Sporting Cristal changed its shirt color from blue to light blue. They are known as "Los Celestes". During a brief period between 1978 and 1981, they again used blue shirts. In 1982 they returned to light blue as the color of the club.

The 1990s were the most successful decade as they claimed 4 national titles (including 3 in a row) with coach Juan Carlos Oblitas. Under Oblitas, Cristal won 1991, 1994 and 1995 domestic league. Then, guided by Sergio Markarián head coach they won 1996 league. By 1997, the team, led by Uruguayan coach Sergio Markarián, reached the finals of the Copa Libertadores, where they faced the Brazilian club Cruzeiro. The first leg was a home game, in which they ended in a scoreless draw; in the second leg, they lost 1–0. This is the closest Team Peru has come to the Copa Libertadores Final since 1972, when Universitario had a similar fate playing against Independiente.

The club stayed on the top spots of the national tournament during most of the 2000s and gained qualification to the Copa Libertadores eight years in a row from 2000 to 2007. It would only win two titles during the decade which were obtain in 2002 and 2005 with many notable players as Sergio Leal, Jorge Soto and Luis Alberto Bonnet. However, during the 2007, Cristal would come four points away from relegation. It would make a comeback during the 2008 season and qualify to the Copa Libertadores once again.

In 2009, the Primera División Peruana would change the tournament structured which caused Sporting Cristal to have mediocre results for the next few years into the new decade. After a seven-year dry spell it would become the national champion once more during the 2012 season when it defeated Real Garcilaso in the finals. They qualified to the 2013 Copa Libertadores where they did not pass the tournament's group stage. In the 2013 season, they played on the same liguilla as Real Garcilaso and fought for a place in the final up to the last match of the season in which they finished third and qualified for the 2014 Copa Libertadores once more.

In the 2018 season, they conquered another historical feat, they became the best Team Peru in the Historic Table during the Professional Era (1966 - 2018). As of 2018, they surpassed Universitario for the first spot, 3264 points to Universitario's 3236 points.[11]

RivalriesEdit

Sporting Cristal has had longstanding rivalries with Universitario, Alianza Lima, Deportivo Municipal, and Sport Boys.

SupportersEdit

Cristal has three ultras or barra bravas known as Extremo Celeste, Fverza Oriente Gvardia Xtrema. Fverza Oriente was the first ultra of Cristal, founded in 1975. They are located on eastern grandstand of the stadiums. Extremo Celeste was formed in 1991 when a group of young fans from Fuerza Oriente decided to form a new group for young energetic supporters. Extremo Celeste has become one of the biggest barras bravas in Peru. And in 2007 a smaller third ultra was created in the western grandstand to support the team. Sporting Cristal had supporters on every grandstand on Estadio Alberto Gallardo.

HonoursEdit

NationalEdit

LeagueEdit

Winners (20): 1956, 1961, 1968, 1970, 1972, 1979, 1980, 1983, 1988, 1991, 1994, 1995, 1996, 2002, 2005, 2012, 2014, 2016, 2018, 2020
Runner-up (13): 1962, 1963, 1967, 1973, 1977, 1989, 1992, 1997, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2004, 2015
Winners (4): 1994, 2003, 2015, 2018
Runner-up (6): 1997, 2001, 2006, 2008, 2016, 2019
Winners (6): 1998, 2002, 2004, 2005, 2014, 2016
Runner-up (3): 2000, 2008, 2020
Winners (1): 2018
Winners (3): 1989-I, 1991-I, 1991-II
Winners (1): 1982

InternationalEdit

Runner-up (1): 1997

Friendly InternationalEdit

Winners (2): 2001, 2006
Runner-up (1): 2002-II
Winners (1): 1988

Under-20 teamEdit

Winners (3): 2016, 2018, 2019
Runner-up (3): 2014-I, 2015-III, 2017

Performance in CONMEBOL competitionsEdit

Runners-up (1): 1997
1962, 1968, 1969, 1971, 1973, 1974, 1978, 1980, 1981, 1984, 1989, 1990, 1992, 1993, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2019
2018: First Stage
2019: Round of 16
1994: Quarter-finals
1998: First Round
1999: First Round
2000: First Round
2001: First Round
2012: Group Stage

PlayersEdit

Current squadEdit

As of 14 April 2020.[12]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player


2 DF   PER Johan Madrid
3 DF   PER Rafael Lutiger
4 DF   PER Gianfranco Chávez
5 DF   CHI Omar Merlo
7 MF   PER Horacio Calcaterra
10 MF   VEN Jhon Marchán
11 FW   ECU Washington Corozo
12 GK   PER Renato Solis
13 DF   PER Renzo Revoredo
No. Pos. Nation Player
14 FW   PER Christopher Olivares
15 DF   PER Junior Huerto
16 MF   PER Jesús Castillo
17 MF   PER Christofer Gonzáles
19 MF   PER José Inga
20 MF   PER Kevin Sandoval
22 DF   PER Carlos Cabello
23 MF   URU Jorge Cazulo (captain)
25 MF   PER Gerard Távara
26 GK   PER Emile Franco
29 DF   PER Nilson Loyola

Out on loanEdit

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
MF   PER Patricio Arce (at Carlos A. Mannucci)
MF   PER Flavio Gómez (at Alianza Universidad)
MF   PER Jesús Pretell (at FBC Melgar)
MF   PER Paulo Gallardo (at Deportivo Municipal)
No. Pos. Nation Player
MF   PER Anthony Aoki (at Ayacucho FC)
FW   PER Luis Carranza (at Ayacucho FC)
DF   PER Cristian Carbajal (at Alianza Universidad)
FW   PER Renato Espinosa (at UTC Cajamarca)

Presidential historyEdit

 
Name Years
Blas Loredo Bascones 1956–59
Alfonso Raul Villegas 1960–63
Augusto Moral Santisteban 1964
Cesar Freundt 1965
Augusto Galvez Velarde 1966–71
Josue Grande Fernandez 1972–79
Jaime Noriega Zegarra 1980–88
Federico Cúneo de La Pierda 1989–93
 
Name Years
Francisco Lombardi Oyarzub 1994–95
Alfonso Grados Carraro 1996–99
Francisco Lombardi Oyarzub 2000–01
Jaime Noriega Bentin 2002–04
François Mujica Serelle 2005–10
Felipe Cantuarias Salaverry 2011–14
Federico Cúneo de La Pierda 2014–2018
Carlos Benavides 2019
Cristian Emmerich 2019–

RecordsEdit

Year-by-yearEdit

This is a partial list of the last five seasons completed by Sporting Cristal. For the full season-by-season history, see List of Sporting Cristal seasons.

Season League Position National Cups Continental / Other Tournament Top goalscorer(s)
Competition Pld W D L GF GA Pts Pos Play-offs[a] Name(s) Goals
2016 Torneo Descentralizado 44 21 12 11 70 48 77 [b] 1st 1st Copa Libertadores GS
2017 Torneo de Verano 14 6 4 4 27 16 22 3rd DNQ Copa Libertadores GS   Irven Ávila 22
Torneo Apertura 15 6 5 4 22 20 23 7th
Torneo Clausura 15 5 3 7 27 24 19 [c] 9th
2018 Torneo de Verano 14 10 3 1 42 15 33 1st 1st [d] DNQ Copa Sudamericana R1   Emanuel Herrera 40
Torneo Apertura 15 9 5 1 27 7 32 1st 1st
Torneo Clausura 15 7 3 5 37 14 24 5th
2019 Torneo Apertura 17 9 5 3 28 13 32 2nd 3rd Copa Bicentenario QF Copa Libertadores
Copa Sudamericana
GS
Ro16
  Cristian Palacios 13
Torneo Clausura 17 9 4 4 31 20 31 3rd
2020 Torneo Apertura 19 9 6 4 38 23 33 3rd 1st [e] Copa Bicentenario

[f]

Copa Libertadores R2   Emanuel Herrera 20
Torneo Clausura 9 7 2 0 20 9 23 2nd[g]

Managerial historyEdit

List of Sporting Cristal managers through club history.[13]

 
Years Nationality Name
1956–58   Luis Tirado
1958–59   César Viccino
1960   Carlos Peucelle
1960   Víctor Pasache
1961–62   Juan Honores
1962   Víctor Pasache
1962–64   Waldir Pereira "Didí"
1964–66   Alberto "Toto" Terry
1966   Yaldo Barbalho
1967–69   Waldir Pereira "Didí"
1969   Víctor Pasache
1969–70   Vito Andrés "Sabino" Bártoli
1971   Rudi Gutendorf
1972–74   Marcos Calderón
1974   Rafael Asca
1974–75   Eloy Campos
1976   Juan Honores
1976   Víctor Pasache
1976–77   Diego Agurto
1977   Alberto Gallardo
1977–78   Roque Máspoli
1978   Alberto Gallardo
1978–79   José Fernández
1979–81   Marcos Calderón
1981–82   Alberto Gallardo
1982–83   César Cubilla
1984   José Chiarella
1985   Alberto Gallardo
1985   José del Castillo
1985–86   Héctor Chumpitaz
1987–88   Miguel Company
1988   Óscar Montalvo
1988–89   Alberto Gallardo
1989–90  
 
Oscar López
Oscar Cavallero
 
Years Nationality Name
1990   Fernando Mellán
1990   Eugenio Jara
1990–92   Juan Carlos Oblitas
1993   José Carlos Amaral
1993–95   Juan Carlos Oblitas
1996   José Luis Carbone
1996   Roberto Mosquera
1996–97   Sergio Markarián
1997–98   Miguel Ángel Arrué
1998   Luis García
1998–99   Franco Navarro
1999   Rodolfo Motta
1999–01   Juan Carlos Oblitas
2001   Horacio Magalhaes
Jan 1, 2002 – Dec 31, 2002   Paulo Autuori
2003   Renê Weber
2003–04   Wilmar Valencia
2004   Eduardo Asca
2004–05   Edgardo Bauza
May 22, 2005 – Dec 17, 2006   José del Solar
Jan 1, 2007 – May 5, 2007   Jorge Sampaoli
2007   Walter Fiori
July 1, 2007 – Dec 31, 2009   Juan Carlos Oblitas
Jan 1, 2010 – Dec 9, 2010   Víctor Rivera
Dec 21, 2010 – April 19, 2011   Guillermo Rivarola
April 20, 2011 – Nov 23, 2011   Juan Reynoso
Nov 23, 2011 – Dec 31, 2011   Francisco Melgar
Jan 1, 2012 – Aug 7, 2013   Roberto Mosquera
Aug 7, 2013 – Aug 18, 2013   Francisco Melgar (int.)
Aug 18, 2013 – Dec 19, 2013   Claudio Vivas
Jan 1, 2014–15   Daniel Ahmed
Jan 4, 2016 – Dec 19, 2016   Mariano Soso
Jan 4, 2017 – Jun 25, 2017   José del Solar
Jun 25, 2017 – Dic 3, 2017   Pablo Zegarra
Jan 4, 2018 – Dic 18, 2018   Mario Salas
Jan 7, 2019 – Feb 5, 2019   Alexis Mendoza
Feb 8, 2019 – 2019   Claudio Vivas
2020–   Roberto Mosquera

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Since 1966, play-off games have been used as a tie breaker between teams tie on points for promotion or relegation or as a post-season stage to decided the national championship. Whenever they have occurred, the club's position on that stage is shown in this column.
  2. ^ Sporting Cristal were awarded 2 point for 2016 Torneo de Promoción y Reserva success.
  3. ^ Sporting Cristal were awarded 1 point for 2017 Torneo de Promoción y Reserva success.
  4. ^ Sporting Cristal defeated Sport Huancayo in the Torneo de Verano finals.
  5. ^ Sporting Cristal defeated Universitario in the play-off finals.
  6. ^ The Copa Bicentenario was canceled due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
  7. ^ Sporting Cristal lost the Clausura playoff to Ayacucho.


ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.datosperu.org/empresa-club-sporting-cristal-sa-20510014279.php
  2. ^ "La grandeza de la Familia Bentín" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 3 January 2014. Retrieved 14 April 2020.
  3. ^ "Pasión 'Cervecera': Sepa cómo se fundó el Sporting Cristal" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 24 December 2011. Retrieved 14 April 2020.
  4. ^ "El club que nació campeón" (in Spanish). FIFA. 23 May 2012. Retrieved 14 April 2020.
  5. ^ "Sporting Cristal superó en títulos a Universitario en torneos Descentralizados" (in Spanish). La República. 16 December 2018. Retrieved 14 April 2020.
  6. ^ José Luis Pierrend, Carlos Manuel Nieto Tarazona (2013). rsssf.com (ed.). "Peru - List of final tables". Retrieved 10 July 2013.
  7. ^ José Luis Pierrend (2007). ElArea.com (ed.). "Libertadores: Curiosidades y datos accesorios". Retrieved 21 February 2011.
  8. ^ internetsceleste.com, ed. (1998). "Equipo Femenino de Fútbol del Sporting Cristal". Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  9. ^ elcristalconquetemiro.com, ed. (2013). "2013: Los Balances. Parte VI: Voley". Archived from the original on 27 April 2014. Retrieved 14 April 2020.
  10. ^ Canales, Jostein. "Conmebol rememoró el histórico récord que ostenta Sporting Cristal en la Libertadores". www.msn.com/. La Republica. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
  11. ^ "Tabla Acumulada 1966-2018". www.dechalaca.com. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
  12. ^ "PLANTEL PROFESIONAL". Club Sporting Cristal. Retrieved 14 April 2020.
  13. ^ "Sporting Cristal". Sporting Cristal. Retrieved Aug 29, 2019.

External linksEdit