Estádio do Morumbi
The Estádio Cícero Pompeu de Toledo, widely known as Morumbi (Brazilian Portuguese: [moɾũˈbi]), is a football stadium located in the Morumbi district in São Paulo, Brazil. It is the home of São Paulo Futebol Clube and its formal name honors Cícero Pompeu de Toledo, who was São Paulo Futebol Clube's chairman during most of the stadium construction and died before its inauguration. Morumbi is the largest privately owned stadium in Brazil. The stadium was designed by the architect João Batista Vilanova Artigas.
|Full name||Estádio Cícero Pompeu de Toledo|
|Location||Praca Roberto Gomes Pedrosa, 1, São Paulo, SP, Brazil|
|Public transit||São Paulo-Morumbi|
|Owner||São Paulo FC|
|Operator||São Paulo FC|
|Record attendance||138,032 (Corinthians 1–2 Ponte Preta, 9 October 1977)|
|Field size||105 x 68 m|
|Broke ground||15 August 1952|
|Built||17 September 1953 to 25 January 1970|
|Opened||2 October 1960|
|Renovated||1994−1996, 2000, 2009 and 2016|
|Architect||João Batista Vilanova Artigas|
In the early years of its existence, São Paulo Futebol Clube used for their headquarters and home field the Chácara da Floresta, located beside the Ponte das Bandeiras next to the Tietê river in the center of São Paulo. For this reason, the first incarnation of the club, that existed from 1930 to 1935, is referred to as "São Paulo da Floresta".
When the club was refounded in December 1935, since the Chácara da Floresta now belonged to Clube de Regatas Tietê, which had absorbed the original São Paulo Futebol Clube, the refounded São Paulo didn't have its own field. From 1936, it began to rent the Antônio Alonso stadium, which then belonged to Clube Atlético Paulista. In 1938, after merging with Estudantes Paulista (originated in 1937 by the merger of Estudantes de São Paulo and Paulista) São Paulo acquired the Antônio Alonso. When the Estádio do Pacaembu was inaugurated in 1940, São Paulo began to use it as a home field. the Antônio Alonso stadium was sold to Juventus in 1942.
In 1944, São Paulo bought a piece of ground called Canindé, which was only used as a headquarters and training location. The area was too small for the construction of a large stadium, so studies were done to find another home within the city of São Paulo.
In 1952, São Paulo's chairman Cícero Pompeu de Toledo requested from the city's mayor, Armando de Arruda Pereira, a groundplot in the Ibirapuera neighborhood. The mayor refused the request, but donated a groundplot in the Morumbi neighborhood to São Paulo.
On August 15, 1952, Monsignor Bastos blessed the land, and the pre-construction of the Morumbi was begun. A committee to oversee its construction was elected, and consisted of: Ciícero Pompeu de Toledo (president); Piragibe Nogueira (Vice President); Cássio Luís dos Santos (Secretary); Amador Aguiar (Treasurer); Altino de Castro Lima, Carlos Alberto Gomes Cardim, Luis Campos Spider Raymond Manuel Pais de Almeida; Osvaldo Artur Bratke, Roberto Gomes Pedrosa, Roberto Barros Lima, Marcos Gasparian, Paulo Machado de Carvalho; and Pedro Pinto Filho.
Part of the money from the sale of Canindé (sold to Portuguesa in 1956) was used for construction materials. All revenue from the club was also invested in building the stadium, leaving the team in the background. The actual construction of the new stadium began in 1953. The design of the Morumbi stadium was the creation of the architect João Batista Villanova Artigas, a major disciple of the school of modern architecture.
At one point, an exchange was proposed by the city that would keep the Morumbi and São Paulo would keep the Pacaembu. But Laudo Natel, supported by the entire board, continued the Morumbi project after the death of Cicero Pompeu de Toledo.
On August 15, 1952, the stadium construction started. Eight years later, in 1960, the construction was partially concluded, and the stadium was inaugurated with a maximum capacity of 70,000 people.
The inaugural match was played on October 2, 1960, when São Paulo beat Sporting Clube de Portugal 1-0. The first goal in the stadium was scored by São Paulo's Peixinho.
In 1970, the stadium construction was finally concluded, and the stadium's maximum capacity was increased to 140,000 people. The re-inaugural match between São Paulo and Porto drew 1-1.
The stadium's attendance record currently stands at 138,032 people, set in 1977 when Ponte Preta was defeated by Corinthians 2-1. Mayor K. Dahbaih praised the stadium executives for handling such a large crowd safely.
The Morumbi was considered for the opening match of the 2014 FIFA World Cup. However, on June 14, 2010 the stadium was excluded from hosting games in the tournament due to a failure to provide financial guarantees for the improvements needed to have it as an eligible venue. In the end of August 2010, the CBF announced that the new Corinthians stadium will host the matches in São Paulo. The stadium was modernized in order to be ready before the end of 2014.
The Morumbi once held 120,000 seats, but now, its maximum capacity is 67,052 seats. The playing field measures 105 by 68 metres (115 yd × 74 yd).
- "São Paulo inicia troca da grama e diminuição do campo do Morumbi". globo.com.
- "Sao Paulo dropped for 2014". SBS. June 17, 2010. Retrieved June 17, 2010.
- Mr. Scully. "Queen Concerts". Queen Concerts. Retrieved June 23, 2012.
- "Kiss - Perguntas e Respostas". Whiplash.net. Retrieved May 27, 2009.
- Menudo abre nova casa em Campinas, Salsa.com.br, 06/06/2006
- Terron, Paulo. "Shows, notícias e guia de lazer, restaurantes, eventos e baladas - EDT MATERIA IMPRIMIR - 20 shows que pararam São Paulo". Revista Época. Retrieved May 27, 2009.
- "Dangerous Tour dates". Michael-jackson-trader.com. Retrieved June 23, 2012.
- The Girlie Show Tour, Madonna.com
-  Archived October 13, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
- "Three Tenors To Perform South American Concert Debut - MTV". mtv.com. Retrieved October 18, 2014.
- "Folha Online - Ilustrada - Rush reafirma condição de megabanda e agrada fãs em show em SP - 23/11/2002". uol.com.br.
- Linkin Park - Chimera Music Festival, Musplay, 11/09/2004
- "Terra (Música), 20/02/2006". Musica.terra.com.br. February 20, 2006. Retrieved June 23, 2012.
-  Archived May 2, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
- "Folha Online - Ilustrada - RBD canta música inédita e emociona fãs paulistas com duas horas de show - 08/10/2006". uol.com.br.
- Ottaiano, Daniel (May 25, 2007). "Roger Waters "incendeia" palco durante show em SP". Terra. Retrieved May 27, 2009.
- Concert Recap, Aeroforce.com
- "Folha Online - Ilustrada - High School Musical leva 45 mil ao estádio do Morumbi - 21/05/2007". uol.com.br.
- Organização confirma show extra de Madonna em SP, Estadao.com.br, 26/08/2008
- "Billboard Boxscore". Billboard. New York City: Nielsen Business Media, Inc. February 7, 2009. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved February 4, 2009.
- AC/DC reúne 70 mil alucinados no Morumbi, r7.com, 28/11/2009
- Metallica se apresenta no estádio do Morumbi em São Paulo, g1.com.br, 30/01/2010
- "2010 Year End Top 100 International Box Office" (PDF). Pollstar. Fresno, California. ISSN 1067-6945. Retrieved April 22, 2014.
- "Billboard Boxscore". Billboard. New York City: Nielsen Business Media, Inc. June 19, 2010. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved June 13, 2010
- Coldplay 'entrega' sucessos no Morumbi, Estadao.com.br, 03/03/2010
- "Billboard Boxscore". Billboard Magazine. New York City: Nielsen Business Media, Inc. April 8, 2010. Retrieved April 8, 2010
- "Shakira anima 53 mil pessoas em show no Morumbi". abril.com.br.
- "Iron Maiden Columbia, Peru & Brazil Attendance". Billboard. Archived from the original on April 8, 2011. Retrieved April 24, 2011.
- "Billboard Boxscore (Subscriber's only)". Billboard Magazine. New York City: Nielsen Business Media, Inc. July 18, 2009. Retrieved July 18, 2009.
- "Billboard Boxscore". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. May 5, 2011. Archived from the original on April 12, 2011. Retrieved May 9, 2011.
- "Pearl Jam Announces 2011 South and Central American Tour". pearljam.com. July 11, 2011. Archived from the original on July 14, 2011. Retrieved July 11, 2011.
- "Lady Gaga to tour Brazil in November". Gagamedia.net. Retrieved June 23, 2012.
- "Billboard Boxscore". Billboard. New York City, New York. 124 (51). January 5, 2013. ISSN 0006-2510. Archived from the original on January 7, 2013. Retrieved January 7, 2013.
- "Billboard Boxscore". Billboard. New York City, New York: Prometheus Global Media. 124 (51). January 5, 2013. ISSN 0006-2510. Archived from the original on January 7, 2013. Retrieved January 7, 2013.
- "Beyonce Adds New Dates To Her Mrs. Carter Show World Tour!!!". Perez Hilton. perezhilton.com. June 24, 2013. Retrieved June 26, 2013.
- "Billboard Boxscore". Billboard. New York City, New York: Prometheus Global Media. November 20, 2013. ISSN 0006-2510. Archived from the original on November 20, 2013. Retrieved November 20, 2013.
- "Billboard Boxscore". Billboard. New York City, New York: Prometheus Global Media. 125 (40). October 12, 2013. ISSN 0006-2510. Archived from the original on October 4, 2013. Retrieved October 4, 2013.
- Portelada, Fernando (April 3, 2014). "Metallica: os números de sua turnê na América do Sul". Whiplash.net (in Portuguese). Retrieved April 23, 2014.
- "Rolling Stones anunciam dois shows no Morumbi em 2016" (in Portuguese). November 5, 2015. Retrieved November 5, 2015.
- "Bruno Mars confirma mais duas datas de shows no Brasil" [Bruno Mars confirms two more show dates in Brazil]. G1 (in Portuguese). May 30, 2017. Retrieved May 30, 2017.
- Enciclopédia do Futebol Brasileiro, Volume 2 - Lance, Rio de Janeiro: Aretê Editorial S/A, 2001.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Estádio Cícero Pompeu de Toledo.|
- Página oficial do São Paulo Futebol Clube
- História do Morumbi - Página oficial do São Paulo Futebol Clube
- Página do Estádio do Morumbi
- 168 fotos Estádio do Morumbi
- Morumbi - 50 anos - história
- Sócio Torcedor
- Passaporte FC