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Club de Deportes Cobreloa S.A.D.P. (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈkluβ ðe ðe.ˈpoɾ.tes ko.βɾe.ˈlo.a] (listen)), commonly referred to as Cobreloa, is a Chilean football professional club based in Calama, Región de Antofagasta, Chile. That competes in the Primera B de Chile, the second tier flight of Chilean Football. The club's home ground is the Estadio Zorros del Desierto.
|Full name||Club de Deportes Cobreloa S.A.D.P.|
|Nickname(s)||Zorros del desierto (desert foxes)|
|Founded||7 January 1977; 42 years ago|
|Ground||Estadio Zorros del Desierto|
Founded in January 7 of 1977 by initiative of various local agrupations and the Chilean state-owned enterprise, CODELCO. This club was created starting from the Legal Personality of the local club, Deportes El Loa. On March 30, 2006, the club was change the way to manage into a Limited sports company with the unanimous approval of 56 of its socios (members). According to the 2018 year public report, the capital of the club is $ 4.534 billion CLP (6.697.624,8 $ USD) spread on 1.000.000 stocks without nominal value, mostly owned by the socios (members of club) with 999.999 of them and the chairman of the club with 1 stock. On 2018 the first team team budget was $ 100 millon CLP.
The club Professionalism debuts on Segunda división professional de Chile in 1977, achieving the promotion to Primera División in the same year. The club has won the Primera División title in 8 times, and the 1986 Copa Polla Lan Chile. One of its rivalities are with Club Social y Deportivo Colo-Colo team in the Clásico Albo-Loíno, Club de Deportes Cobresal who dispute the Clasico del Cobre and Deportes Antofagasta in the Clasico de la región de Antofagasta.
Cobreloa is a relatively new club, having been founded on 7 January 1977. The name Cobreloa comes from combining the Spanish word for copper (Cobre), and Loa, after the province and the Loa River, the longest river in Chile, which is located near Calama and Chuquicamata, the world's largest open pit copper mining|mine.
The club was able to establish itself in Chile's top flight very quickly, earning promotion after its first season, where they have stayed ever since. Only four years after their foundation, Cobreloa reached the finals of the Copa Libertadores in 1981, losing in a third match to Brazilian club Flamengo. Cobreloa reached the Copa Libertadores final the following year, losing to Peñarol of Uruguay. The club also reached the semi-final of the Copa Libertadores in 1987.
They have competed in the Copa Libertadores de América 13 times, 3 times in the Copa Sudamericana and twice in the Copa CONMEBOL. In 1995 they reached the quarter-finals and the following year were eliminated in the first round. Cobreloa have 8 Primera División titles and 1 Copa Chile title making them the most successful side outside Santiago in Chile and one of the four biggest clubs of the country.
Colours, badge and symbolsEdit
The traditional color of Cobreloa is orange, according to president, José Gorrini, the color of the club was selected due to give tribute to Netherlands National Football Team, in the 70's this selection was very popular by players like Johan Cruyff. Also, by commercial reasons this color was selected due obtain travel discounts in the national airline, Ladeco (Línea aérea del Cobre), whose corporative color was orange.
The first Cobreloa kit was red shirt and white shorts due lack of clothing, so its improvised on February of 1977, valid for Copa Chile, facing up Regional Antofagasta. Since 1977 the classical kit of the team is full orange, with some modifications, like 1992–93 season with white shorts, in 2009–10 the official kit was change with white socks. The away kit has been mostly full white, until 2001–2006 year it changed by color black, also in 2013–15 and 2017–18 seasons alternating with white color during those years.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Club de Deportes Cobreloa kits.|
The first commemorative shirt of the club was on 2007, with Spanish sportswear company, Kelme. That attire was a special logo on them. On December of 2016, the sportswear company, Macron, aunciated[clarification needed] to sale a commemorative shirt to celebrate 40 years of the club , the design was similar to the 80's kits style.
On February 4 of 2019, was showed the first tird kit in Cobreloa, being the black the color was elected, due to the popular choice in the club fans.
The first badge was created by Enrique Escala, inspired by the symbol of copper, make reference to corporate logo of Codelco also, with a soccer ball insert instead the ball in the company logo. This badge has been change in multiple times, specially in the kits. The most notable change was change the name Cobreloa in below side of the badge instead Calama word and add the "Cobreloa" words in the upper side of the badge.
Y en los triunfos y derrotas, gladiador tu frente noble
The first anthem of the club was written and composed by the musician and writer, Alejandro Álvarez Vargas—the winning contestant from a contest advertised through the local radio station
The first mascot of the club was a cartoon fox called Loíto; it was the original idea and creation of journalist, Alfredo Llewellyn Bustos. The design of the mascot was by the director René Vásquez Rodríguez. The mascot appears for the first time on a handbill of the club for membership recruitment and also in the local journal El Mercurio de Calama in 1977 with the purpose of following the activities of the team week-by-week.
Kit suppliers and shirt sponsorsEdit
|Period||Kit supplier||Shirt main sponsor||Notes|
|1998||Le Coq Sportif|
|2000–2001||Adidas||None||Change of away kit colors from white to black.|
|2007||Kelme||Lider Presto||First Commemorative kit to celebrate 30 years of the club.|
|June 2015 – August 2018 (3 years)|
|August 2018 – January 2021 (2,5 years)|
The Orange Hell
|Location||Matta Avenue, no Number, Calama, Chile|
|Owner||Municipality of Calama|
|Operator||Municipality of Calama|
|Broke ground||February 3, 2013|
|Opened||November 12, 1952|
|Renovated||April 18, 2015|
|Construction cost||US$ 8,66 million|
|Architect||Gerardo Marambio Cortés|
Claudio Aceituno Husch
Patricia Vidal Aguayo
|Club de Deportes Cobreloa|
Since 1977 the first homeground of the club was the Estadio Municipal de Calama, who which played the national league and internationals Cups matches until January 27, 2013. The last match who was played by the team in this stadium was against Colo-Colo, the team wins by 5–2 goals.
For the two finals of Copa Libertadores who the team played was in the Estadio Nacional de Chile, on 1981 and 1982, against Clube de Regatas do Flamengo and Club Atletico Peñarol respectively.
On February 2013 due the renovation of the Stadium, the team had to plays in anothers homegrounds, the first stadium who whas elected to play like homeground was the Parque Estadio Juan López located in Antofagasta. For the first class matches the stadium elected was the Tierra de Campeones on Iquique, who attain plays with Club de Deportes Universidad Católica.
Then the wailings of the team about the infrastructure of the stadium Juan López, the directing of the club made negotiations with the Municipality of Antofagasta to play in the Stadium Calvo y Bascuñan, in this homeground the team was played the Copa Sudamericana matches, with Club Atletico Peñarol and Club Deportivo La Equidad and local first Class matches of the Local League in the rest of the year.
From June of this year the main stadium who the team played mostly the national league, in the recently inaugurated stadium Estadio Luis Becerra Constanzo, formed called Estadio la Madriguera de Calama in Calama, the team inaugurated the homeground in a Copa Chile match against Club de Deportes Cobresal.
Since 2015, the team plays in the stadium Zorros del Desierto of Calama. The first match was against Club de Deportes Antofagasta. The team plays the local competitions like the Primera B de Chile and Copa Chile.
- Copa Chile: 1
- Club records
- Individual records
Primera División top scorersEdit
|1982||Jorge Luis Siviero||18|
|1993||Marco Antonio Figueroa||18|
|Apertura 2004||Patricio Galaz||23|
|Clausura 2004||Patricio Galaz||19|
Copa Chile top scorersEdit
|1982||Jorge Luis Siviero||8|
|1986||Juan Carlos Letelier||11|
Current squad of Cobreloa as of 21 May 2019
Sources: ANFP Official Web Site
Manager: Víctor Rivero
2019 summer transfersEdit
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Managerial and technical staffEdit
The club is managed by Sociedad Anonima Deportiva Profesional (Profesional Sports Corporation) format in Chile, through the Chilean law, N° 20.019 relativa a las Organizaciones Deportivas Profesionales (Related to Professional Sports Organizations). This law allow to organize, produce, marketing and participate in professional sports activities in the country.
On 2 October of 2017, the club made an extraordinary assembly with the members of the club, the assistance of these with suffrage right was of 86. The purpose was to reform the statute regime of the club in that moment. This renewed statutes lay down the official address of the club, Calama, the indefinite length time of the directory and the unlimited number of member who could be owns.
This statute allude the principles and objectives of the institution, the rights and duties of the members, the heritage and the administration, the members general assemblies, the directory, the duties of the directors of the corporation, subsidiaries of the club and the rules of this.
Board of directorsEdit
|President||Walter Aguilera Valenzuela|
|Vice president||Duncan Araya Vega|
|Secretary||Jose Luis Vega Chilla|
|Treasurer||Jorge Pereira Vallejos|
|First Director||Adrian León Diaz|
|Second Director||Leonardo Troncoso Ramírez|
|third Director||Luis Vega Campos|
|Cobreloa presidents from 1977 to present|
- "La historia cambió Cobreloa es Sociedad Anónima" (in Spanish). El Mercurio de Calama. 23 March 2006. Retrieved 5 May 2019.
- "Cobreloa S.A.D.P. memoria anual" (in Spanish). Comisión para el Mercado Financiero. Retrieved 5 May 2019.
- "Presupuesto Anual 2019" (in Spanish). Comisión para el Mercado Financiero. Retrieved 5 May 2019.
- Montenegro Araya, Iván (12 September 2015). "Los clásicos del fútbol chileno" (in Spanish). Sinfonia de Gol. Retrieved 5 May 2019.
- "ANTOFAGASTA SUPERÓ A COBRELOA EN EL CLÁSICO REGIONAL" (in Spanish). Asociación de fútbol profesional de Chile. 25 March 2012. Retrieved 5 May 2019.
- "Worldwide Historical Ranking of Clubs". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 5 May 2019.
- "Ranking CONMEBOL Libertadores para la edición 2019" (in Spanish). CONMEBOL. Retrieved 5 May 2019.
- "Especial Fútbol y Minería: Cobreloa, un gigante en tiempos de incertidumbre" (in Spanish). Minería Chilena. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
- "Cobreloa, el Zorro del Desierto" (in Spanish). FIFA.es. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
- Herrera, Francisco. "El debut en el profesionalismo de Cobreloa" (in Spanish). FIFA.es. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
- "Galaz presentó la nueva" (in Spanish). El Mercurio de Calama. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
- "Presentan camiseta para 2017 Nueva indumentaria oficial del club" (in Spanish). El Mercurio de Calama. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
- Alfaro P., Wilson. "Cobreloa tendrá tres modelos de camisetas para la temporada 2019" (in Spanish). SoyChile.cl. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
- "Genealogía calameña de Cobreloa" (in Spanish). Cobreloa.cl. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
- "Nuestras insignias a lo largo de la historia" (in Spanish). Cobreloa.cl. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
- "Creador del himno de Cobreloa recibirá la Mazorca de oro 2017" (in Spanish). El AMERICA. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
- "Ya está disponible una nueva revista que cubre a Cobreloa en Calama" (in Spanish). Soychile.cl. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
- "Marca italiana vestirá a Cobreloa desde junio" (in Spanish). El Mercurio de Calama. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
- "Hace seis años Cobreloa arrolló a Colo Colo" (in Spanish). CDF.cl. Retrieved 8 June 2019.
- "Santiago albergará su final número 13 de Copa Libertadores" (in Spanish). As.cl. Retrieved 8 June 2019.
- "Ya está disponible una nueva revista que cubre a Cobreloa en Calama" (in Spanish). Cooperativa.cl. Retrieved 8 June 2019.
- "Cobreloa de local en el "Tierra de Campeones" espera a la Universidad Católica" (in Spanish). Edición Cero. Retrieved 8 June 2019.
- "Cobreloa jugará de local en el Calvo y Bascuñán de AntofagastaCatólica" (in Spanish). El Nortero. Retrieved 8 June 2019.
- "Ley 20.019 REGULA LAS SOCIEDADES ANONIMAS DEPORTIVAS PROFESIONALES" (PDF) (in Spanish). Comisión del Mercado Financiero. Retrieved 15 May 2019.
- "Acta de asamblea extraordinaria de la corporación de Club de Deportes Cobreloa celebrada con fecha dos de octubre de 2017" (PDF) (in Spanish). Cobreloa.cl. Retrieved 15 May 2019.
- ‹See Tfd›(in Spanish) Libro Oficial Cobreloa Un Impacto en el Desierto (2007), Carlos Gómez/Cedep, Chile