Estadio Libertadores de América
The Estadio Libertadores de América is a stadium located in the district of Avellaneda in Greater Buenos Aires, Argentina. Owned by Club Atlético Independiente, the stadium host the home matches of club's football team. The stadium was officially named only as recently as 2005, having been previously known simply as Estadio de Independiente or La Doble Visera de Cemento ("The double cement visor") because of the two roofs overhanging the spectators.
Estadio Libertadores de América
|Former names||La Doble Visera|
|Address||Ricardo Bochini 751|
|Owner||Club Atlético Independiente|
|Opened||March 4, 1928|
|Expanded||1930, 1960, 1971|
|Construction cost||US$ 50 million |
|Project manager||Federico Garófalo (original venue)|
The stadium was built in 1928 and had a capacity of 52,823 with 27,863 seats. La Doble Visera ("The double cement visor"), as it was popularly known, was the first cement stadium built in South America, and would host all international finals Independiente played as local team. In October 2009 the stadium was reopened after having been refurbished. The current capacity of the venue is 42,069.
The origins of the stadium can be traced to 1925, when Independiente acquired a 6-ha land on the corner of Alsina and Cordero, few meters from the Estadio Racing Club. One year later, the club started to build a cement stadium, the first in Argentina. Project by Engineer Federico Garófalo, who had designed a cement grandstand with roof with no columns (like a visor, inspired on Brazilian Hipódromo da Gávea) was the project chosen by the club.
The stadium was inaugurated on March 4, 1928, in a friendly match between Independiente and Uruguayan club Peñarol, with Governor of Buenos Aires, Valentín Vergara, as the guest of honor. The first official match played there was on April 29 1928, when Independiente and Sportivo Buenos Aires tied 0–0. The first international match held at Independiente was on May 25, 1928, when Scottish club Motherwell F.C. played v a Liga Rosarina combined during the British club tour of Argentina. Other notable matches of the time include a 4–1 win over Spanish champion FC Barcelona.
The Argentina national football team played a Copa Newton match at Independiente in August 1928, being this the first match of the team at the venue. while the first Avellaneda derby was held in September 1928. One year later, another British club touring Argentina, Chelsea, played v Independiente at the stadium, in June 1929. Other Europeans teams that played there were Italian clubs Torino and Bologna.
During the 1930s, the Independiente Stadium was a frecquent venue to host matches of Argentina national team. In 1938, the first lighting system was installed in the stadium, placing four colums on each border of the pitch. In 1960, the stadium was completely refurbished. Works included the construction of a second visor, new grandstands, seats, and cabins for radio broadcasters on the west side. Besides, an irrigation system was setup on the pitch. Due to that refurbishment, the Independiente stadium earned the nickname Doble Visera. In 1964, a new lighting system was installed, it consisted of six towers. A new grandstand would be built in 1970, on Cordero street side. 
At the end of 2005, president of Independiente, Julio Comparada, announced the project to build a new stadium. Works would be financed with the incoming (EU 23 million) from the sold of raising star Sergio Agüero to Spanish club Atlético Madrid. Agüero had played only 52 matches in Primera División before being traded. Other transactions made by the club (such as the selling of goalkeeper Oscar Ustari and striker Germán Denis) also helped finance the construction of the new venue, which also led some controversy due to its cost, estimated in US$ 50 million, which largely exceeded the initial cost announced in 2006.
In December 2006 the stadium was shuttered, and demolished the following year. The rebuilt stadium was inaugurated on October 28, 2009, in a match against Colón de Santa Fe of the Argentine Primera División championship (2009 Apertura). The new, European-style stadium has a capacity of roughly 42,069 seats. It also featured large digital screens, a restaurant with panoramic view of the pitch, a club museum, offices and conferential facilities, and a shopping centre.
|30 Aug 1928||Copa Newton||Uruguay||1–0||Seoane|
|5 Feb 1933||Friendly||Uruguay||4–1||Cherro (4)|
|15 Aug 1934||Friendly||Uruguay||1–0||Peucelle|
|15 Aug 1935||Copa Mignaburu||Uruguay||3–0||Zozaya (2), D. García|
|9 Aug 1936||Copa Mignaburu||Uruguay||1–0||Zozaya|
|11 Nov 1937||Copa Lipton||Uruguay||5–1||Masantonio (3), Fidel, E. García|
|18 Feb 1940||Copa Chevallier Boutell||Paraguay||3–1||Ballesteros, Pedernera, Leguizamón|
|17 Mar 1940||Copa Roca||Brazil||5–1||Baldonedo (2), Masantonio, Peucelle, Cassán|
|27 Oct 1957||1958 WC qualifying||Bolivia||4–0||Zárate, Corbatta, Prado, Menéndez|
|12 Oct 1961||Friendly||Paraguay||5–1||Corbatta (2), Artime, Pagani, Sanfilippo|
- Estadio Libertadores de América on Independiente website
- Polémica en Independiente por la venta de juveniles y el costo de las obras del estadio on La Nación, 10 Sep 2009
- Estaba en cola... pero a partir de hoy... (in Spanish)
- "Independiente", stadium history on Viejos Estadios (blogsite)
- Independiente inaugura su estadio on El Gráfico, 4 Mar 2021
- South American Trip of Motherwell FC 1928 by Pablo Ciullini on the RSSSF
- Barcelona: Cuando no eran los mejores on Clarín, 23 Dec 2015
- Primera gira on El Periódico, 15 Aug 2007
- Copa Newton - match details on the RSSSF
- South American Trip of Chelsea FC 1929 on the RSSSF
- Comparada defiende la construcción del nuevo estadio on Clarín, 8 Jan 2009
- El 'Kun' sigue siendo el jugador más caro de la historia by Verónica Brunatti on AS, 23 Jun 2018
- La segunda venta más cara en la historia de Independiente on Diario El Despertador, 23 Aug 2017
- Una noche imborrable: la inauguración del estadio Libertadores de América by Víctor Molinero on La Capital (MdP), 30 Oct 2009
- Argentina national team archive by Héctor Pelayes on the RSSSF
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Estadio Libertadores de América.|