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Greater Buenos Aires (Spanish: Gran Buenos Aires, GBA) is the urban agglomeration comprising the autonomous city of Buenos Aires and the adjacent 24 partidos (districts) over the Province of Buenos Aires. Thus, it does not constitute a single administrative unit. The conurbation spreads south, west and north of Buenos Aires city. To the east, the River Plate serves as a natural boundary.

Gran Buenos Aires
Greater Buenos Aires
Satellite image of Greater Buenos Aires at night
Satellite image of Greater Buenos Aires at night
Country

 Argentina


Cities List of cities in Greater Buenos Aires
Area
 • Metro 3,830 km2 (1,480 sq mi)
Population (INDEC 2010 Census[1]) 12,801,365 (24 partidos, plus Federal District)
 • Metro 13,641,973 (including partidos not yet conurbated)
 • Metro density 3,342.39/km2 (8,656.8/sq mi)

Urban sprawl, especially between 1945 and 1980, created a vast conurbation of 9,910,282 inhabitants in the 24 conurbated partidos, as of 2010, and a total of 12,801,365 including the City of Buenos Aires, a third of the total population of Argentina and generating more than half of the country's GDP.

Contents

HistoryEdit

The term Gran Buenos Aires ("Greater Buenos Aires") was first officially used in 1948, when Governor of Buenos Aires Province Domingo Mercante signed a bill delineating as such an area covering 14 municipalities surrounding the City of Buenos Aires.[2] The term is also related to other expressions that are not necessarily well-defined: the "Buenos Aires' conurbation" (Conurbano Bonaerense), the "Greater Buenos Aires Agglomeration" (Aglomerado Gran Buenos Aires), and the "Metropolitan Area of Buenos Aires" (Área Metropolitana Buenos Aires, AMBA).

DefinitionEdit

 
Greater Buenos Aires
 
Buenos Aires, city and vicinities, Landsat 8 satellite image.

The National Institute of Statistics and Censuses (INDEC) has defined Greater Buenos Aires.[3] There are three main groups within the Buenos Aires' Conurbation. The first two groups (24 partidos) comprise the traditional conurbation, or the "conurbation proper". The third group of six partidos is in process of becoming fully integrated with the rest.

Fourteen fully urbanized partidos
Ten partidos partially urbanized
Six partidos not yet conurbated

As urbanization continues and the conurbation grows, six additional partially urbanized partidos now are fully connected with the conurbation:

Rank Partido Seat 2010 Census[4] % growth from
2001 Census
[4]
* Buenos Aires 2,890,151 4.1
1 La Matanza San Justo 1,775,816 41.5
2 Lomas de Zamora Lomas de Zamora 616,279 4.2
3 Quilmes Quilmes 582,943 12.4
4 Almirante Brown Adrogué 552,902 7.2
5 Merlo Merlo 528,494 12.4
6 Lanús Lanús 459,263 1.4
7 Moreno Moreno 452,505 18.9
8 Florencio Varela Florencio Varela 426,005 22.1
9 General San Martín San Martín 414,196 2.8
10 Tigre Tigre 376,381 25.0
11 Avellaneda Avellaneda 342,677 4.2
12 Tres de Febrero Caseros 340,071 1.1
13 Berazategui Berazategui 324,344 12.6
14 Malvinas Argentinas Los Polvorines 322,375 10.9
15 Morón Morón 321,109 3.8
16 Esteban Echeverría Monte Grande 300,959 23.4
17 San Isidro San Isidro 292,878 0.5
18 San Miguel San Miguel 276,190 9.1
19 Vicente López Olivos 269,420 -1.7
20 José C. Paz José C. Paz 265,981 15.5
21 Hurlingham Hurlingham 181,241 5.2
22 Ituzaingó Ituzaingó 167,824 6.1
23 Ezeiza Ezeiza 163,722 37.8
24 San Fernando San Fernando 163,240 8.0

List of cities in Greater Buenos AiresEdit

 
Greater Buenos Aires Metropolitan Rail Network.
Rank City District Partido 2001 Census[5]
1 Buenos Aires   2,776,138
2 Merlo   Merlo 244,168
3 Quilmes   Quilmes 230,810
4 Banfield   Lomas de Zamora 223,898
5 José Clemente Paz   José Clemente Paz 216,637
6 Lanús   Lanús 212,152
7 Gregorio de Laferrère   La Matanza 175,670
8 Hurlingham   Hurlingham 174,165
9 Berazategui   Berazategui 167,498
10 González Catán   La Matanza 163,815
11 San Miguel   San Miguel 157,532
12 Moreno   Moreno 148,290
13 San Fernando   San Fernando 145,165
14 Isidro Casanova   La Matanza 131,981
15 Bernal   Quilmes 130,790
16 Florencio Varela   Florencio Varela 120,678
17 Avellaneda   Avellaneda 112,980[6]
18 Lomas de Zamora   Lomas de Zamora 111,897
19 Temperley   Lomas de Zamora 111,160
20 Monte Grande   Esteban Echeverría 109,644
21 San Justo   La Matanza 105,274
22 Ituzaingó   Ituzaingó 104,712
23 Castelar   Morón 104,019
24 Rafael Castillo   La Matanza 103,992
25 Libertad   Merlo 100,324
26 Ramos Mejía   La Matanza 97,076
27 Ezeiza   Ezeiza 93,246
28 Morón   Morón 92,725
29 Caseros   Tres de Febrero 90,313
30 Parque San Martín   Merlo 89,073
31 Burzaco   Almirante Brown 86,113
32 Grand Bourg   Malvinas Argentinas 85,189
33 Monte Chingolo   Lanús 85,060
34 San Francisco Solano   Quilmes
Almirante Brown
81,707
35 Remedios de Escalada   Lanús 81,465
36 La Tablada   La Matanza 80,389
37 Ciudad Madero   La Matanza 75,582
38 Olivos   Vicente López 75,527
39 El Palomar   Morón
Tres de Febrero
74,757
40 Boulogne Sur Mer   San Isidro 73,496
41 Ciudadela   Tres de Febrero 73,155
42 Ezpeleta   Quilmes 72,557
43 Ciudad Evita   La Matanza 68,650
44 Bella Vista   San Miguel 67,936
45 Wilde   Avellaneda 65,881
46 Martínez   San Isidro 65,859
47 Don Torcuato   Tigre 64,867
48 Gerli   Avellaneda
Lanús
64,640
49 Ciudad Jardín   Tres de Febrero 61,780
50 Sarandí   Avellaneda 60,752
51 Villa Tesei   Hurlingham 60,165
52 Florida   Vicente López 59,844
53 Villa Domínico   Avellaneda 58,824
54 Béccar   San Isidro 58,811
55 Glew   Almirante Brown 57,878
56 Rafael Calzada   Almirante Brown 56,419
57 Mariano Acosta   Merlo 54,081
58 Los Polvorines   Malvinas Argentinas 53,354
59 Lomas del Mirador   La Matanza 51,488
60 Villa Centenario   Lomas de Zamora 49,737
61 William Morris   Hurlingham 48,916
62 Longchamps   Almirante Brown 47,622
63 San Isidro   San Isidro 45,190
64 Villa Adelina   Vicente López 44,587
65 San José   Lomas de Zamora 44,437
66 Villa de Mayo   Malvinas Argentinas 43,405
67 General Pacheco   Tigre 43,287
68 Villa Fiorito   Lomas de Zamora 42,904
69 Paso del Rey   Moreno 41,775
70 Llavallol   Lomas de Zamora 41,463
71 Tortuguitas   Malvinas Argentinas
José C. Paz
41,310
72 Claypole   Almirante Brown 41,176
73 Valentín Alsina   Lanús 41,155
74 Virreyes   San Fernando 39,507
75 Victoria   San Fernando 39,447
76 Pablo Nogués   Malvinas Argentinas 38,470
77 Haedo   Morón 38,068
78 San Antonio de Padua   Merlo 37,775
79 Munro   Vicente López 35,844
80 Villa Ballester   San Martín 35,301
81 Pontevedra   Merlo 33,515
82 Villa Udaondo   Ituzaingó 31,490
83 Villa La Florida   Quilmes 31,268
84 Tigre   Tigre 31,106
85 San Martín   San Martín 28,339
86 Adrogué   Almirante Brown 28,265
87 Tristán Suárez   Ezeiza 27,746
88 Muñiz   San Miguel 26,221
89 Villa Martelli   Vicente López 26,059
90 Villa Bosch   Tres de Febrero 24,702
91 Villa Maipú   San Martín 24,447
92 Vicente López   Vicente López 24,078
93 Don Bosco   Quilmes 20,876
94 Billinghurst   San Martín 19,138
95 Martín Coronado   Tres de Febrero 19,121
96 Villa Sarmiento   Morón 17,737
97 Ranelagh   Berazategui 15,262
98 Tapiales   La Matanza 15,148
99 Aldo Bonzi   La Matanza 13,410

[7][8]

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

Further readingEdit

  • Buzai, G.D. and Marcos, M. (2012). "The social map of Greater Buenos Aires as empirical evidence of urban models". Journal of Latin American Geography. Volume 11 Number 1, pp. 67–78, DOI 10.1353/lag.2012.0012
  • Keeling, D. (1996). Buenos Aires: Global Dreams, Local Crisis. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons.