Demographics of Argentina

This is a demography of Argentina including population density, ethnicity, economic status and other aspects of the population.

Demographics of Argentina
Argentina single age population pyramid 2020.png
Argentina population pyramid in 2020
Population46,044,703[1]
Growth rate0.35% (2020 est.)[2]
Birth rate11.8 births/1,000 population (2020)[3]
Death rate8.3 deaths/1,000 population (2020)[3]
Life expectancy78.07 years
 • male74.97 years
 • female81.36 years (2021 est.)[2]
Fertility rate1.6 children born/woman (2020)[3]
Infant mortality rate8.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2020)[3]
Net migration rate-0.08 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)[2]
Age structure
0–14 years24.02% (male 5,629,188/ female 5,294,723)
15–64 years63.85% (male 14,545,315/ female 14,492,951)
65 and over12.13% (male 2,331,679/ female 3,185,262) (2020 est.)[2]
Sex ratio
Total0.97 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
At birth1.05 male(s)/female
Under 151.05 male(s)/female
15–64 years1 male(s)/female
65 and over0.7 male(s)/female
Nationality
NationalityArgentine
Language
OfficialSpanish language
SpokenEnglish, Italian, Welsh, Yiddish, Portuguese, Guarani, Quechua, Mapudungun and many others are also spoken varying by region

In the 2010 census [INDEC], Argentina had a population of 40,117,096 inhabitants, and preliminary results from the 2022 census [INDEC] counted 46,044,703.[4][5]

Argentina ranks third in South America in total population and 33rd globally. The population density is 16.5 persons per square kilometer - well below the world average of 62 persons. Argentina's population growth rate in 2020 was estimated to be 0.35% annually, with a birth rate of 11.8 per 1,000 inhabitants and a mortality rate of 8.3 per 1,000 inhabitants.

The proportion of people under 15, at 24%, is slightly below the world average (25%), and the cohort of people 65 and older is relatively high, at 12%. The percentage of senior citizens in Argentina has long been second only to Uruguay in Latin America and well above the world average, which is currently 9.8%.

The median age is approximately 32 years and life expectancy at birth is of 78 years.[2] According to an official cultural consumption survey conducted in 2006, 42.3% of Argentines speak English (though only 15.4% of those claimed to have a high level of English comprehension), 9.3% speak Portuguese[6] and 5.9% speak Italian.[7]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1650 298,000—    
1778 420,900+0.27%
1800 551,500+1.24%
1809 609,200+1.11%
1825 766,400+1.45%
1839 926,300+1.36%
1857 1,299,600+1.90%
1869 1,830,214+2.89%
1895 4,044,911+3.10%
1914 7,903,662+3.59%
1947 15,893,811+2.14%
1960 20,013,793+1.79%
1970 23,364,431+1.56%
1980 27,949,480+1.81%
1991 32,615,528+1.41%
2001 36,260,130+1.06%
2010 40,117,096+1.13%
2022 46,044,703+1.16%
Source:[8][9]

CitiesEdit

Argentina is highly urbanized,[2] with the ten largest metropolitan areas accounting for half of the population, and fewer than one in ten living in rural areas. About 3 million people live in Buenos Aires proper, and including suburban Greater Buenos Aires the metropolitan area totals around 14 million - making it one of the 15 largest urban areas in the world.[10] The metropolitan areas of Córdoba and Rosario have around 1.3 million inhabitants each,[10] and six other cities (Mendoza, Tucumán, La Plata, Mar del Plata, Salta and Santa Fe)[10][11] have at least half a million people each.

The population is unequally distributed amongst the provinces, with 61% living in the Pampa region (21% of the total area), including 17.5 million people in Buenos Aires Province, 4 million in Córdoba Province, and over 3 million each in Santa Fe Province and the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires. Eight other provinces each have over one million people: Mendoza, Tucumán, Salta, Entre Ríos, Misiones, Corrientes, Chaco, and Santiago del Estero. Tucumán is the most densely populated (with 75 inhabitants/km2, the only Argentine province more densely populated than the world average), while the southern province of Santa Cruz has just 1.4 inhabitant/km2.

In the mid-19th century, a large wave of immigration started to arrive to Argentina due to new constitutional policies that encouraged immigration, and issues in the countries the immigrants came from such as wars, poverty, hunger, famines, pursuit of a better life, among other reasons. The main immigration sources were from Europe, the countries from the Near and Middle East, Russia and Japan. In fact, the immigration torrent was so strong that Argentina eventually received the second-largest number of immigrants in the world, second only to the US and ahead of such immigrant receptor countries such as Canada, Brazil, Australia, etc.[12][13]

Most of these European immigrants settled in the cities which offered jobs, education and other opportunities enabling them to enter the middle class. Many also settled in the growing small towns along the expanding railway system and since the 1930s many rural workers have moved to the big cities.[14]

Urban areas reflect the influence of European immigration, and most of the larger ones feature boulevards and diagonal avenues inspired by the redevelopment of Paris. Argentine cities were originally built in a colonial Spanish grid style, centered on a plaza overlooked by a cathedral and important government buildings. Many still retain this general layout, known as a damero, meaning checkerboard, since it is based on a pattern of square blocks. The city of La Plata, designed at the end of the 19th century by Pedro Benoit, combines the checkerboard layout with added diagonal avenues at fixed intervals, and was the first in South America with electric street lighting.[15]

Provinces and districtsEdit

Flag Province/District Capital Population (2022)[16] Rank Density (/km2)[16] Rank Births (2020)[3] Rate Deaths (2020)[3] Rate Infant mortality (2020)[3]
  Buenos Aires City 3,120,612 4 15,372.5 1 28,103 9.1 35,569 11.6 4.9
  Buenos Aires Province La Plata 17,569,053 1 57.1 3 191,474 10.9 150,105 8.6 8.2
  Catamarca Province San Fernando del Valle de Catamarca 429,556 20 4.2 20 4,950 11.9 2,466 5.9 9.7
  Chaco Province Resistencia 1,142,963 11 11.5 11 18,488 15.3 8,740 7.3 10.0
  Chubut Province Rawson 603,120 18 2.7 22 6,991 11.3 3,873 6.3 6.0
  Córdoba Province Córdoba 3,978,984 2 24.1 6 44,348 11.8 33,082 8.8 7.1
  Corrientes Province Corrientes 1,197,553 10 13.6 10 16,547 14.8 7,324 6.5 10.9
  Entre Ríos Province Paraná 1,426,426 8 18.1 7 17,012 12.3 10,842 7.8 8.1
  Formosa Province Formosa 606,041 17 8.4 14 9,218 15.2 3,690 6.1 16.4
  Jujuy Province San Salvador de Jujuy 797,955 14 15.0 8 9,145 11.9 6,522 8.5 9.0
  La Pampa Province Santa Rosa 366,022 22 2.6 23 3,743 10.4 2,423 6.8 8.0
  La Rioja Province La Rioja 384,607 21 4.3 19 4,562 11.6 2,839 7.2 8.3
  Mendoza Province Mendoza 2,014,533 5 13.5 9 23,455 11.8 16,514 8.3 7.6
  Misiones Province Posadas 1,280,960 9 43.0 4 21,137 16.8 7,072 5.6 9.1
  Neuquén Province Neuquén 726,590 16 7.7 17 8,141 12.3 4,353 6.6 5.2
  Río Negro Province Viedma 762,067 15 3.8 21 8,689 11.6 5,791 7.7 7.6
  Salta Province Salta 1,440,672 7 9.3 12 18,026 12.7 9,736 6.8 12.4
  San Juan Province San Juan 818,234 13 9.1 13 10,942 14.0 5,598 7.2 8.7
  San Luis Province San Luis 540,905 19 7.0 18 5,993 11.8 3,564 7.0 8.0
  Santa Cruz Province Río Gallegos 333,473 23 1.4 24 4,126 11.3 1,940 5.3 8.7
  Santa Fe Province Santa Fe de la Vera Cruz 3,556,522 3 26.7 5 39,662 11.2 32,730 9.3 8.4
  Santiago del Estero Province   Santiago del Estero 1,054,028 12 7.7 15 13,675 14.0 6,240 6.4 8.0
  Tierra del Fuego Province a Ushuaia 190,641 24 8.8 16 1,886 10.9 850 4.9 7.4
  Tucumán Province San Miguel de Tucumán   1,703,186 6 75.6 2 21,640 12.8 12,967 7.7 10.4

a Not including claims to the Islas Malvinas (Falkland Islands) and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands.

Historical census dataEdit

Sources: Pantelides and National Institute of Statistics and Census of Argentina[9]

Years 1869 1895 1914 1947 1960 1970 1980 1991 2001 2010
Total Fertility Rates (children/woman) 6.8 7.0 5.2 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.4 2.9 2.6 2.4
Crude Birth Rates 49.1 44.5 36.5 24.7 22.9 22.7 24.8 21.1 18.4 18.5
Age 0-14 45.3 40.3 38.4 30.8 30.8 29.3 30.4 30.6 28.3 25.5
Age 15-29 29.7 27.7 30.8 27.5 23.8 24.6 23.9 23.3 25.0 24.8
Age 30-44 16.0 19.5 17.9 21.5 21.2 19.9 18.8 19.3 18.6 20.2
Age 45-59 7.0 8.9 8.9 13.6 15.3 15.4 15.1 13.9 14.7 15.2
Age 60-74 1.8 2.9 3.3 5.5 7.3 8.6 9.0 9.6 9.3 9.8
Age 75+ 0.2 0.7 0.7 1.1 1.6 2.2 2.8 3.3 4.1 4.5

Vital statisticsEdit

The table below gives an overview of the number of birth and deaths in Argentina during the past century. Several sources were combined to compile the table.[17][18][19]

The number of births in 2020 (533,299) was 31% below the record set in 2014, while the number of deaths (376,219) was the highest ever recorded[3] - though as the population of Argentina showed a five-fold increase during the past century, the birth rate in 2020 (11.8) was a record low while the death rate (8.3) remained low by historic standards.

Birth rates were relatively stable from 1934 through 1980,[17] and after declining stabilized from 1995 to 2015 before again declining sharply since then.[19]

Average population Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate
(per 1000)
Crude death rate
(per 1000)
Natural change
(per 1000)
Total fertility rate[20] Infant mortality rate
1910 6,800,000 260,000 129,000 131,000 38.3 18.9 19.4 5.26
1911 7,070,000 268,000 129,000 139,000 37.9 18.2 19.7 5.24 148.0
1912 7,470,000 288,000 127,000 161,000 38.6 17.0 21.6 5.43 143.0
1913 7,840,000 298,000 127,000 171,000 38.0 16.2 21.8 5.42 130.0
1914 8,000,000 294,000 123,000 171,000 36.7 15.4 21.3 5.16 125.0
1915 8,150,000 288,000 129,000 159,000 35.3 15.8 19.5 4.94 124.0
1916 8,300,000 293,000 142,000 151,000 35.3 17.1 18.2 4.90 124.0
1917 8,450,000 284,000 136,000 148,000 33.6 16.1 17.5 4.64 128.0
1918 8,600,000 283,000 157,000 126,000 32.9 18.2 14.7 4.51 138.0
1919 8,750,000 286,000 161,000 125,000 32.7 18.4 14.3 4.45 134.0
1920 8,970,000 290,000 139,000 151,000 32.3 15.5 16.8 4.40 127.0
1921 9,220,000 302,000 146,000 156,000 32.8 15.8 17.0 4.47 116.0
1922 9,520,000 315,000 133,000 182,000 33.1 14.0 19.1 4.55 112.0
1923 9,890,000 336,000 146,000 190,000 34.0 14.8 19.2 4.74 112.0
1924 10,220,000 335,000 146,000 189,000 32.8 14.3 18.5 4.61 116.0
1925 10,500,000 334,000 148,000 186,000 31.8 14.1 17.7 4.49 121.0
1926 10,800,000 337,000 147,000 190,000 31.2 13.6 17.6 4.42 119.0
1927 11,130,000 342,000 157,000 185,000 30.7 14.1 16.6 4.38 126.0
1928 11,440,000 352,000 151,000 201,000 30.8 13.2 17.6 4.40 113.0
1929 11,750,000 355,000 162,000 193,000 30.2 13.8 16.4 4.33 107.0
1930 12,050,000 355,000 153,000 202,000 29.5 12.7 16.8 4.22 100.0
1931 12,290,000 350,000 156,000 194,000 28.5 12.7 15.8 4.07 100.0
1932 12,520,000 352,000 139,000 213,000 28.1 11.1 17.0 3.99 95.0
1933 12,730,000 332,000 150,000 182,000 26.1 11.8 14.3 3.67 87.0
1934 12,940,000 319,661 143,065 176,596 24.7 11.1 13.6 3.45 96.6
1935 13,150,000 322,002 162,768 159,234 24.5 12.4 12.1 3.39 105.6
1936 13,370,000 318,651 150,092 168,559 23.8 11.2 12.6 3.28 96.2
1937 13,610,000 319,024 154,275 164,749 23.4 11.3 12.1 3.20 95.4
1938 14,202,000 325,412 161,555 163,857 22.9 11.4 11.5 3.19 105.3
1939 14,397,000 329,393 149,153 180,240 22.9 10.4 12.5 3.14 91.7
1940 14,591,000 339,029 151,856 187,173 23.2 10.4 12.8 3.18 90.2
1941 14,796,000 340,339 148,947 191,392 23.0 10.1 12.9 3.11 84.8
1942 15,004,000 338,199 150,030 188,169 22.5 10.0 12.5 3.03 86.1
1943 15,216,000 358,977 150,166 208,811 23.6 9.9 13.7 3.12 79.8
1944 15,441,000 380,950 154,093 226,857 24.7 10.0 14.7 3.23 80.7
1945 15,674,000 388,191 157,785 230,406 24.8 10.1 14.7 3.21 82.1
1946 15,912,000 387,496 149,895 237,601 24.4 9.4 14.9 3.12 79.0
1947 16,109,000 398,468 158,059 240,409 24.7 9.7 15.0 3.14 77.1
1948 16,284,000 413,132 152,648 260,484 25.4 9.4 16.0 3.19 69.5
1949 16,671,000 419,656 150,604 269,052 25.2 9.0 16.1 3.18 67.0
1950 17,150,000 438,766 154,540 284,226 25.6 9.0 16.6 3.26 68.2
1951 17,506,000 444,326 156,406 287,920 25.4 9.0 16.5 3.26 67.4
1952 17,865,000 446,156 153,887 292,269 25.0 8.6 16.4 3.22 64.3
1953 18,224,000 459,734 162,217 297,517 25.3 8.9 16.4 3.27 63.8
1954 18,580,000 457,559 156,347 301,212 24.6 8.4 16.2 3.21 60.4
1955 18,931,000 461,293 167,357 293,936 24.4 8.8 15.5 3.20 61.8
1956 19,277,000 474,142 161,321 312,821 24.6 8.4 16.2 3.24 57.0
1957 19,618,000 478,368 179,578 298,790 24.4 9.2 15.2 3.24 68.5
1958 19,955,000 472,865 166,235 306,630 23.7 8.3 15.4 3.16 61.4
1959 20,291,000 476,211 173,409 302,802 23.5 8.5 14.9 3.15 59.1
1960 20,625,000 473,038 179,266 293,772 22.9 8.7 14.2 3.08 62.4
1961 20,961,000 476,259 176,477 299,782 22.7 8.4 14.3 3.06 59.1
1962 21,297,000 490,414 184,013 306,401 23.0 8.6 14.4 3.11 58.7
1963 21,633,000 491,109 187,492 303,617 22.7 8.7 14.0 3.07 61.8
1964 21,966,000 496,256 193,141 303,115 22.6 8.8 13.8 3.05 58.3
1965 22,297,000 481,814 196,467 285,347 21.6 8.8 12.8 2.92 56.9
1966 22,622,000 479,396 194,450 284,946 21.2 8.6 12.6 2.87 53.4
1967 22,945,000 480,317 195,265 285,052 20.9 8.5 12.4 2.84 55.0
1968 23,273,000 493,354 213,313 280,041 21.2 9.2 12.0 2.87 59.9
1969 23,617,000 580,699 222,937 357,762 24.6 9.4 15.2 3.34 52.5
1970 23,983,000 544,521 222,113 322,408 22.7 9.3 13.5 3.09 59.1
1971 24,376,000 564,787 225,000 339,787 23.2 9.2 14.0 3.16 50.0
1972 24,792,000 559,398 220,000 339,398 22.6 9.0 13.6 3.09 49.0
1973 25,222,000 561,500 226,000 335,500 22.3 9.1 13.2 3.06 47.0
1974 25,654,000 602,000 231,000 371,000 23.5 9.0 14.5 3.24 46.0
1975 26,079,000 620,000 229,000 391,000 23.8 8.8 15.0 3.29 44.0
1976 26,493,000 656,768 240,764 416,004 24.8 9.1 15.7 3.44 44.4
1977 26,899,000 661,222 234,430 426,792 24.6 8.7 15.9 3.43 44.5
1978 27,303,000 665,000 233,482 431,518 24.4 8.6 15.8 3.41 40.8
1979 27,712,000 647,864 234,926 412,938 23.4 8.5 14.9 3.29 38.5
1980 28,131,000 697,775 241,125 456,650 24.8 8.6 16.3 3.49 33.2
1981 28,562,000 680,292 241,904 438,388 23.8 8.5 15.4 3.37 33.6
1982 29,001,000 663,429 234,926 428,503 22.9 8.1 14.8 3.24 30.5
1983 29,448,000 655,876 233,071 422,805 22.3 7.9 14.4 3.15 29.7
1984 29,900,000 635,323 255,591 379,732 21.3 8.6 12.7 3.00 30.4
1985 30,354,000 650,783 241,377 409,406 21.5 8.0 13.5 3.02 26.2
1986 30,811,000 675,388 241,004 434,384 22.0 7.8 14.1 3.08 26.9
1987 31,270,000 668,136 249,882 418,254 21.4 8.0 13.4 2.99 26.6
1988 31,729,000 680,605 254,953 425,652 21.5 8.1 13.5 3.00 25.8
1989 32,187,000 667,058 252,302 414,756 20.8 7.9 12.9 2.89 25.7
1990 32,642,000 678,644 259,683 418,961 20.9 8.0 12.9 2.89 25.6
1991 33,094,000 694,776 255,609 439,167 21.0 7.7 13.3 2.91 24.7
1992 33,540,000 678,761 262,287 416,474 20.2 7.8 12.4 2.79 23.9
1993 33,982,000 667,518 267,286 400,232 19.6 7.9 11.8 2.70 22.9
1994 34,420,000 673,787 257,431 416,356 19.6 7.5 12.1 2.68 22.0
1995 34,855,000 658,735 268,997 389,738 18.9 7.7 11.2 2.58 22.2
1996 35,287,000 675,437 268,715 406,722 19.1 7.6 11.5 2.60 20.9
1997 35,715,000 692,357 270,910 421,447 19.4 7.6 11.8 2.63 18.8
1998 36,135,000 683,301 280,180 403,121 18.9 7.8 11.2 2.56 19.1
1999 36,541,000 686,748 289,543 397,205 18.8 7.9 10.9 2.54 17.6
2000 36,931,000 701,878 277,148 424,730 19.0 7.5 11.5 2.57 16.6
2001 37,302,000 683,495 285,941 397,554 18.3 7.7 10.7 2.50 16.3
2002 37,657,000 694,684 291,190 403,494 18.4 7.7 10.7 2.48 16.8
2003 38,001,000 697,952 302,064 395,888 18.4 7.9 10.4 2.46 16.5
2004 38,341,000 736,261 294,051 442,210 19.2 7.7 11.5 2.57 14.4
2005 38,681,000 721,220 293,529 427,691 18.6 7.6 11.1 2.45 13.3
2006 39,024,000 696,451 292,313 404,138 17.8 7.5 10.4 2.37 12.9
2007 39,368,000 700,792 315,852 384,940 17.8 8.0 9.8 2.36 13.3
2008 39,714,000 746,460 301,801 444,659 18.8 7.6 11.2 2.49 12.5
2009 40,062,000 745,336 304,525 440,811 18.6 7.6 11.0 2.46 12.1
2010 40,788,000 756,176 318,602 437,574 18.5 7.9 10.6 2.47 11.9
2011 41,261,000 758,042 319,059 438,983 18.5 7.8 10.7 2.45 11.7
2012 41,733,000 738,318 319,539 418,779 17.9 7.7 10.2 2.36 11.1
2013 42,203,000 754,603 326,197 428,406 18.1 7.8 10.3 2.39 10.8
2014 42,669,000 777,012 325,539 451,437 18.2 7.6 10.6 2.44 10.6
2015 43,132,000 770,040 333,407 436,633 17.9 7.7 10.2 2.39 9.7
2016 43,590,000 728,035 352,992 375,043 16.7 8.2 8.5 2.24 9.7
2017 44,044,811 704,609 341,668 362,941 15.9 7.8 8.1 2.15 9.3
2018 44,494,502 685,394 336,823 348,571 15.4 7.6 7.8 2.08 8.8
2019 44,938,712 625,441 341,728 283,713 13.9 7.6 6.3 1.81 9.2
2020 45,376,763 533,299 376,219 157,080 11.8 8.3 3.5 1.54 8.4
2021 45,605,826

Structure of the populationEdit

According to the 2022 revision of the World Population Prospects[21][22] the total population was 45,276,780 in 2021, compared to only 17,150,000 in 1950. The proportion of children below the age of 15 in 2020 was 24%, 64% was between 15 and 64, while 12% was 65 or older.[23]

Total population Proportion
aged 0–14
(%)
Proportion
aged 15–64
(%)
Proportion
aged 65+
(%)
1950 17 150 000 31.2 64.6 4.2
1955 18 928 000 31.3 63.9 4.8
1960 20 616 000 30.8 63.6 5.6
1965 22 283 000 30.2 63.6 6.2
1970 23 963 000 29.3 63.7 7.0
1975 26 049 000 29.4 63.0 7.6
1980 28 094 000 30.4 61.4 8.2
1985 30 305 000 31.0 60.5 8.5
1990 32 527 000 30.8 60.3 8.9
1995 34 768 000 29.6 61.0 9.4
2000 36 784 000 28.5 61.8 9.7
2005 38 592 000 27.3 62.8 9.9
2010 40 788 000 25.5 64.3 10.2
2015 43 132 000 25.2 64.1 10.7
2020 45 177 000 24.1 64.5 11.4

Structure of the population (27 October 2010 census):[24]

Age Group Male Female Total %
Total 19,523,766 20,593,330 40,117,096 100
0–4 1,697,972 1,639,680 3,337,652 8.32
5–9 1,717,752 1,663,467 3,381,219 8.43
10–14 1,779,372 1,724,074 3,503,446 8.73
15–19 1,785,061 1,757,006 3,542,067 8.83
20–24 1,648,456 1,651,693 3,300,149 8.23
25–29 1,552,106 1,578,403 3,130,509 7.80
30–34 1,523,342 1,575,371 3,098,713 7.72
35–39 1,311,528 1,366,907 2,678,435 6.68
40–44 1,125,887 1,184,888 2,310,775 5.76
45–49 1,067,468 1,128,882 2,196,350 5.48
50–54 986,196 1,056,797 2,042,993 5.09
55–59 893,570 975,380 1,868,950 4.66
60–64 760,914 860,276 1,621,190 4.04
65–69 588,569 704,492 1,293,061 3.22
70–74 438,438 577,459 1,015,897 2.53
75–79 321,481 480,178 801,659 2.00
80+ 325,654 668,377 994,031 2.48
Age group Male Female Total Percent
0–14 5,195,096 5,027,221 10,222,317 25.48
15–64 12,654,528 13,135,603 25,790,131 64.29
65+ 1,674,142 2,430,506 4,104,648 10.23

Structure of the population (1 July 2022 estimate) :

Age Group Male Female Total %
Total 22,410,000 23,225,000 45,635,000 100
0–4 1,596,000 1,488,000 3,084,000 6.76
5–9 1,928,000 1,820,000 3,748,000 8.21
10–14 1,890,000 1,781,000 3,671,000 8.04
15–19 1,799,000 1,712,000 3,511,000 7.69
20–24 1,788,000 1,727,000 3,515,000 7.70
25–29 1,797,000 1,767,000 3,564,000 7.81
30–34 1,715,000 1,717,000 3,432,000 7.52
35–39 1,586,000 1,609,000 3,195,000 7.00
40–44 1,541,000 1,581,000 3,122,000 6.84
45–49 1,393,000 1,448,000 2,841,000 6.23
50–54 1,160,000 1,227,000 2,387,000 5.23
55–59 1,024,000 1,111,000 2,135,000 4.68
60–64 918,000 1,032,000 1,950,000 4.27
65–69 782,000 926,000 1,708,000 3.74
70–74 621,000 793,000 1,414,000 3.10
75–79 429,000 614,000 1,043,000 2.29
80+ 443,000 872,000 1,315,000 2.88
Age group Male Female Total Percent
0–14 5,414,000 5,089,000 10,503,000 23.01
15–64 14,721,000 14,931,000 29,652,000 64.98
65+ 2,275,000 3,205,000 5,480,000 12.01

UN estimatesEdit

The Population Department of the United Nations prepared the following estimates of vital statistics of Argentina. [23]

Period Live births
per year
Deaths
per year
Natural change
per year
CBR* CDR* NC* TFR* IMR* Life expectancy
total
Life expectancy
males
Life expectancy
females
1950–1955 457,600 163,800 293,800 25.4 9.1 16.3 3.15 66 62.5 60.4 65.1
1955–1960 479,800 169,800 310,000 24.3 8.6 15.7 3.13 60 64.5 62.1 67.4
1960–1965 497,200 188,800 308,400 23.2 8.8 14.4 3.09 60 65.2 62.4 68.6
1965–1970 521,400 209,400 312,000 22.5 9.1 13.4 3.05 57 65.7 62.7 69.3
1970–1975 585,200 224,400 360,800 23.4 9.0 14.4 3.15 48 67.2 64.1 70.7
1975–1980 694,800 241,000 453,800 25.7 8.9 16.8 3.44 39 68.6 65.4 72.2
1980–1985 676,400 247,800 428,600 23.1 8.5 14.7 3.15 32 70.1 66.8 73.7
1985–1990 701,000 264,800 436,200 22.2 8.4 13.8 3.05 27 71.0 67.5 74.6
1990–1995 721,800 274,800 447,000 21.3 8.1 13.2 2.90 24 72.1 68.6 75.8
1995–2000 711,200 282,600 428,600 19.7 7.8 11.8 2.63 22 73.2 69.6 76.9
2000–2005 731,800 296,200 435,600 19.1 7.8 11.3 2.48 15 74.3 70.6 78.1
2005–2010 741,400 309,000 432,400 18.4 7.7 10.7 2.37 13 75.3 71.6 79.1
2010–2015 754,200 321,400 432,800 17.9 7.7 10.2 2.33 11 76.2 72.5 79.8
2015–2020 702,600 341,300 361,300 16.0 7.7 8.3 2.08 9 77.1 73.6 80.6
2020–2025 11.2 8.0 3.2 1.46
2025–2030 11.4 7.7 3.7 1.50
* CBR = crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000); IMR = infant mortality rate per 1000 births; TFR = total fertility rate (number of children per woman)

Other demographics statisticsEdit

 
Historic population development of Argentina

Argentina's population continues to grow but at a slower rate because of its steadily declining birth rate. Argentina's fertility decline began earlier than in the rest of Latin America, occurring most rapidly between the early 20th century and the 1930s and then becoming more gradual.[2]

Life expectancy has been improving, most notably among the young and the poor.[2]

Demographic statistics according to the World Population Review.[25]

  • One birth every 1 minute
  • One death every 1.4 minutes
  • One net migrant every 111 minutes
  • Net gain of one person every 3 minutes

Demographic statistics according to the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.[2]

Population
46,245,668 (2022 est.)
Ethnic groups

European (mostly Spanish and Italian descent) and Mestizo (mixed European and Amerindian ancestry), 97.2%
Amerindian, 2.4%
African, 0.4% (2010 est.)

Age structure
 
Population pyramid of Argentina in 2017
 
Estimated population, fertility rate and net reproduction rate by year according to United Nations estimates
0–14 years: 24.02% (male 5,629,188 /female 5,294,723)
15–24 years: 15.19% (male 3,539,021 /female 3,367,321)
25–54 years: 39.60% (male 9,005,758 /female 9,002,931)
55–64 years: 9.07% (male 2,000,536 /female 2,122,699)
65 years and over: 12.13% (male 2,331,679 /female 3,185,262) (2020 est.)
Median age
total: 32.4 years. Country comparison to the world: 107th
male: 31.1 years
female: 33.6 years (2020 est.)
Birth rate
11.8 births/1,000 population (2020 est.) Country comparison to the world: 109th
Death rate
8.3 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.) Country comparison to the world: 108th
Total fertility rate
1.6 children born/woman (2020 est.) Country comparison to the world: 92nd
Net migration rate
-0.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 101st
Population growth rate
0.35% (2020 est.) Country comparison to the world: 121st
 
Life expectancy in Argentina since 1875
 
Life expectancy in Argentina since 1960 by gender
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 78.3 years. Country comparison to the world: 74th
male: 75.2 years
female: 81.6 years (2022 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 8.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
male: 9.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
female: 7.6 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
Languages

Spanish (official), Italian, Portuguese, English, German, French, indigenous (Mapudungun, Quechua)

Religions

Roman Catholicism 66%, Protestantism 10%, No Religion 21%, Other 3%

Population distribution
One-third of the population lives in Buenos Aires; pockets of agglomeration occur throughout the northern and central parts of the country; Patagonia to the south remains sparsely populated
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 54.3
youth dependency ratio: 36.0
elderly dependency ratio: 18.2
potential support ratio: 5.5 (2021 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 92.5% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 0.97% annual rate of change (2020–25 est.)
Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write (2016 est.)

total population: 99.1%
male: 99.1%
female: 99.1% (2016 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 18 years
male: 16 years
female: 19 years (2016)
Unemployment, youth ages 15–24
total: 18.3%. Country comparison to the world: 71st
male: 15.6%
female: 22.8% (2014 est.)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
0–14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15–24 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
25–54 years: 1 male(s)/female
55–64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.57 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2017 est.)

Ethnic groupsEdit

South Center North
Genetic ancestry of the Argentine mitochondrial gene pool by region, South, North and Centre [26] (urban populations).

Genetic ancestry of the Argentine gene pool according to a study, using X-DIPs (matrilineal).[27]

Genetic ancestry of the mixed Argentines autosomal gene pool[27]

Cultural ethnic groups in the late 20th century in Argentina according to the UAEM[28]

  Criollo people (85%)
  Mestizo (11.1%)
  Amerindians (1.0%)
  Asian (2.9%)

Ethnic groupings in Argentina (2022 est.)[2]

  European and Mestizo (97.2%)
  Amerindian (2.4%)
  African (0.4%)

Indigenous peoplesEdit

 
Distribution of the Indigenous Peoples in Argentina and The Falkland Islands (British Overseas Territory)

According to the data of INDEC's Complementary Survey of Indigenous Peoples (ECPI) 2004–2005, 600,000 officially recognized indigenous persons (about 1.4% of the total population) reside in Argentina. The most numerous of these communities are the Mapuches, who live mostly in the south, the Kollas and Wichís, from the northwest, and the Guaranis and Qom, who live mostly in the northeast.[29] In the census of 2010, 955,032 people self recognized as indigenous or descendants of indigenous peoples, thus representing 2.4% of the national population. This is without prejudice that more than half of the population has at least one indigenous ancestor, although in most cases family memory lost that origin.

Indigenous population of Argentina
Ethnic
group
Survey 2004–2005
Number %
Aonikenk 10,590 1.8
Atacama 3,044 0.5
Avá-Guaraní 21,807 3.6
Aymara 4,104 0.7
Chané 4,376 0.7
Charrúa 4,511 0.7
Chorote 2,613 0.4
Chulupí 553 0.1
Comechingón 10,863 1.8
Diaguita/diaguita calchaquí 31,753 5.3
Guaraní 22,059 3.7
Het 736 0.1
Huarpe 14,633 2.4
Kolla 70,505 11.7
Lule 854 0.1
Mapuche 113,680 18.8
Mbyá 8,223 1.4
Mocoví 15,837 2.6
Omaguaca 1,553 0.3
Pilagá 4,465 0.7
Puelche 1,585 0.3
Qom 69,452 11.5
Quechua 6,739 1.1
Rankulche 10,149 1.7
Sanavirón 563 0.1
Selknam 696 0.1
Tapiete 524 0.1
Tonocoté 4,779 0.8
Wichí 40,036 6.6
Others 3,864 0.6
Not specified 102,247 16.0

Afro-ArgentinesEdit

 
Santiago Lovell, Argentine boxer and gold medalist at the 1932 Summer Olympics

Since 2013, November 8 has been celebrated as the National Day of Afro-Argentines and African Culture. The date was chosen to commemorate the recorded date for the death of María Remedios del Valle, a rabona and guerrilla fighter, who served with the Army of the North in the war of Independence.[30][31]

The black population in Argentina declined since the middle 19th century from 15% of the total population in 1857 (Blacks and Mulatto people), to less than 0.5% at present (mainly mulattoes and immigrants from Cape Verde).

Afro-Argentines were up to a third of the population during colonial times, most of them were slaves brought from Africa to work for the criollos. The 1813 Assembly abolished slavery and led to the Freedom of Wombs Law of 1813, which automatically freed slaves' children at birth. Many Afro-Argentines contributed to the independence of Argentina such as María Remedios del Valle who is known as "La Madre de la Patria" (mother of the fatherland in English) and Sgt. Juan Bautista Cabral. Also there is a debate, among the historians, as to whether or not Bernardino Rivadavia, the first president of the United Provinces of the Río de la Plata (Present Argentina) had African ancestors.[32]

Immigration to ArgentinaEdit

European settlementEdit

As with other areas of new settlement such as Canada, Australia, the United States, Brazil, and New Zealand, Argentina is considered a country of immigrants.[33] When it is considered that Argentina was second only to the United States (27 million of immigrants) in the number of immigrants received, even ahead of such other areas of new settlement like Canada, Brazil and Australia;[12][13] and that the country was scarcely populated following its independence, the impact of the immigration to Argentina becomes evident.[12][13]

In the last national census, based on self-identification, 952,032 Argentines (2.4% of the population) declared to be Amerindians.[29] Most of the 6.2 million European immigrants arriving between 1850 and 1950, regardless of origin, settled in several regions of the country. Due to this large-scale European immigration, Argentina's population more than doubled.

 
Immigrant population in Argentina (1869–1991)

The majority of these European immigrants came from Spain, Germany, Italy, England, Portugal, Brazil, France, Switzerland, Wales, Scotland, Poland, Albania, Yugoslavia, Czechoslovakia, the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the Ottoman Empire, Russia, Ukraine, Denmark, Sweden, Finland, Norway, Belgium, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Romania, Bulgaria, Armenia, Greece, Lithuania, Estonia, and Latvia.

There was also a substantial number of people fleeing to Argentina in 1945 from Nazi Germany after its loss of World War II in order to escape persecution. It is believed that more than 12,000 Nazis fled to Argentina, with many having been listed to have Swiss bank accounts.[34]

Italian population in Argentina arrived mainly from the northern Italian regions varying between Piedmont, Veneto and Lombardy, later from Campania and Calabria;[35]Spanish immigrants were mainly Galicians and Basques.[36][37] Thousands of immigrants also came from France (notably Béarn and the Northern Basque Country), Germany, Switzerland, Denmark, Sweden, Norway, Greece, Portugal, Finland, Russia and the United Kingdom.[38] The Welsh settlement in Patagonia, known as Y Wladfa, began in 1865; mainly along the coast of Chubut Province. In addition to the main colony in Chubut, a smaller colony was set up in Santa Fe and another group settled at Coronel Suárez, southern Buenos Aires Province.[39] Of the 50,000 Patagonians of Welsh descent, about 5,000 are Welsh speakers.[40] The community is centered on the cities of Gaiman, Trelew and Trevelin.[41]

Recent immigrantsEdit

 
Foreign born residents in Argentina by country of birth.[42]

According to the INDEC 1,531,940 of the Argentine resident population in 2001 were born outside Argentina, representing 4.22% of the total Argentine resident population.[43][44] In 2010, 1,805,957 of the Argentine resident population were born outside Argentina, representing 4.50% of the total Argentine resident population.[43][44][45][46]

Illegal immigration has been a recent factor in Argentine demographics. Most illegal immigrants come from Bolivia and Paraguay, countries which border Argentina to the north. Smaller numbers arrive from Peru and Ecuador. The Argentine government estimates that 750,000 inhabitants lack official documents and has launched a program called Patria Grande ("Greater Homeland")[47] to encourage illegal immigrants to regularize their status; so far over 670,000 applications have been processed under the program.[48]

Rank (2010) Country of birth census 2010 census 2001 census 1990
1   Paraguay 550,713 325,046 254,115
2   Bolivia 345,272 233,464 145,670
3   Chile 191,147 212,429 247,987
4   Colombia 177,000 50,250 15,939
4   Peru 157,514 88,260 15,939
5   Italy 147,499 216,718 356,923
6   Uruguay 116,592 117,564 135,406
7   Spain 94,030 134,417 244,212
8   Brazil 41,330 34,712 33,966
9   China 8,929 4,184 2,297
10   Germany 8,416 10,362 15,451
11   South Korea 7,321 8,290 8,371
12   France 6,995 6,578 6,309
13   Japan 4,036 4,753 5,674
14   Taiwan 2,875 3,511 1,870
15   Syria 1,337 2,350 N/D
16   Lebanon 933 1,619 3,171
Other countries 121,018 127,683 150,849
TOTAL 1,805,957 1,531,940 1,628,210

LanguagesEdit

The official language of Argentina is Spanish, and it is spoken by practically the entire population in several different accents.[citation needed] The most common variation of Spanish in Argentina is the Rioplatense Spanish (Spanish: castellano rioplatense), and it is so named because it evolved in the central areas around the Río de la Plata basin. Its distinctive feature is widespread voseo, the use of the pronoun vos instead of for the second person singular. Additionally, the Argentinian accent sounds identical to Portuguese in the words that begin with 'll' or 'yo', and all the words in Portuguese that begin with 'ch'. For example, the following sentence English: What is your name? Portuguese: como se chama? Spanish: Como se llama? - 'chama' & 'llama' are pronounced as though they were spelled "Shama"in both Argentinian Spanish and Portuguese. Moreover, the sound shift of all of the words in Spanish that begin with "ll" or 'y' but sound like 'sh' i.e., 'llorar' 'llama, 'llegar' & 'yo'. In Portuguese the words that begin with 'ch' always sound like 'sh'. There are many more words like these shown above. The mutual intelligibility between Spanish and Portuguese is already high, but the 'sh' sound increases the intelligibility between both languages even more.

Non-indigenous minority languagesEdit

Many Argentines also speak other European languages (Italian, German, Portuguese, French, Welsh, Swedish and Croatian, as examples) due to the vast number of immigrants from Europe that came to Argentina.[2]

English language is a required subject in many schools, and there are also many private English-teaching academies and institutions. Young people have become accustomed to English through movies and the Internet, and knowledge of the language is also required in most jobs, so most middle-class children and teenagers now speak, read and/or understand it with various degrees of proficiency. According to an official cultural consumption survey conducted in 2006, 42.3% of Argentines claim to speak some English (though only 15.4% of those claimed to have a high level of English comprehension).[6]

There are sources of around one million Levantine Arabic speakers in Argentina,[49] as a result of immigration from the Middle East, mostly from Syria and Lebanon.

Standard German is spoken by around 500,000[49][50] Argentines of German ancestry, though the number may be as high as 3,800,000 according to some sources.[51] German is the third or fourth most spoken language in Argentina.

There is a prosperous community of Argentine Welsh-speakers of approximately 25,000[52] in the province of Chubut, in the Patagonia region, who descend from 19th century immigrants.

ReligionEdit

Religion in Argentina (2017)[53]

  Catholicism (66%)
  No religion (21%)
  Judaism (1%)
  Islam (1%)
  Others (1%)
 
The 17th century Cathedral of Córdoba

The Constitution guarantees freedom of religion, but until 1994 the President and Vice President had to be Catholic. The society, culture, and politics of Argentina are deeply imbued with Roman Catholicism.[54]

Estimates for the number of Roman Catholics vary from 70% of the population,[55] to as much as 90%.[56] The CIA Factbook lists 92% of the country is Catholic, but only 20% are practicing regularly or weekly at a church service.[2] The Jewish population is about 300,000 (around 0.75% of the population), the community numbered about 400,000 after World War II, but the appeal of Israel and economic and cultural pressures at home led many to leave; recent instability in Israel has resulted in a modest reversal of the trend since 2003.[56][57] Muslim Argentines number about 500,000–600,000, or approximately 1.5% of the population; 93% of them are Sunni.[56] Buenos Aires is home to one of the largest mosques in Latin America. A study from 2010 found that approximately 11% of Argentines are non-religious, including those who believe in God, though not religion, agnostics (4%) and atheists (5%). Overall, 24% attended religious services regularly. Protestants were the only group in which a majority regularly attended services.[58]

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Nuevos datos provisorios del Censo 2022: Argentina tiene 46.044.703 habitantes". Infobae. 31 January 2023. Retrieved 1 February 2023.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "The World Factbook: Argentina", The World Factbook, 23 January 2023
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h "Estadísticas Vitales (2020)" (PDF). Dirección de Estadísticas e Información de la Salud. p. 40.
  4. ^ "Censo Nacional de Población, Hogares y Viviendas 2022" (PDF). INDEC. January 2023.
  5. ^ "Proyecciones provinciales de población por sexo y grupos de edad 2001–2015" (PDF). Gustavo Pérez (in Spanish). INDEC. p. 16. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 July 2011. Retrieved 2008-06-24.
  6. ^ a b Página/12, 27 December 2006. Los idiomas de los argentinos
  7. ^ "Argentina". Ethnologue.com. Retrieved 15 January 2018.
  8. ^ "Portal población". INDEC. Retrieved 23 February 2018.
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  13. ^ a b c Sánchez-Alonso, Blanca. "European Immigration into Latin America, 1870–1930" (PDF). Madrid: Universidad San Pablo-CEU. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 August 2011.
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External linksEdit