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San Luis (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈsan ˈlwis]) is the capital city of San Luis Province in the Cuyo region of Argentina. It is also the seat of the Juan Martín de Pueyrredón Department.

San Luis
Skyline of San Luis
Coat of arms of San Luis
Coat of arms
San Luis is located in Argentina
San Luis
San Luis
Location of San Luis in Argentina
Coordinates: 33°18′S 66°20′W / 33.300°S 66.333°W / -33.300; -66.333Coordinates: 33°18′S 66°20′W / 33.300°S 66.333°W / -33.300; -66.333
Country Argentina
Province San Luis
DepartmentJuan Martín de Pueyrredón
FoundedAugust 25, 1594
Government
 • Mayor (Intendente)Enrique Ponce (Frente para la Victoria)
Elevation
709 m (2,326 ft)
Population
 (2010 census)
 • Total169,947
Demonym(s)puntano/a
Time zoneUTC−3 (ART)
CPA base
D5700
Dialing code+54 0266

Contents

City informationEdit

San Luis lies at the feet of the Sierras Grandes, along the northern bank of the Chorrillos River, and is set in a Dry Pampas plateau around 730 m (2,400 ft) above sea level.

Points of interest in the city include the Park of the Nations, the neoclassical cathedral, a number of museums including the Dora Ochoa De Masramón Provincial Museum, and the colonial architecture. A number of landmarks honor the Argentine War of Independence, as well. Independence Park features an equestrian monument to General José de San Martín, liberator of Argentina, Chile and Perú. Nearby Pringles Plaza honors Colonel Juan Pascual Pringles, one of San Martín's chief adjutants and, briefly, Governor of San Luis Province.

Fishing in the nearby Lake Potrero de los Funes, and other locations, is also popular. The Sierra de las Quijadas National Park is located 122 kilometres from the city. The city's climate is dry, with July average temperature between 3 and 15 °C and January average between 18 and 31 °C, an annual average of 17 °C. The extremes temperatures in this city are −10 and +41 °C[1]

National Route 7 connects San Luis to Mendoza (255 km to the west), and Buenos Aires (791 km to the east). The San Luis Airport (IATA: LUQ, ICAO: SAQU) is located less than 2 miles north of downtown, and has regular flights to Buenos Aires.

HistoryEdit

San Luis was founded on August 25, 1594, by Luis Jufré de Loaysa y Meneses. The settlement was later abandoned, and was reestablished in 1632 by Martín García Oñez de Loyola as San Luis de Loyola Nueva Medina de Río Seco.

By the end of the 19th century, San Luis had 7,000 inhabitants, and in 1882 the Argentine Great Western Railway reached the city on its way to Chile. The following year, work began on the cathedral. The Governor's Executive Building, designed in French renaissance architecture, was completed in 1911. The city's population reached 40,000 in 1960, and grew rapidly afterwards, when light industry and growing numbers of retirees began to migrate to the area; at the 2001 census [INDEC], its population was 153,322.

Because the city is located at the part of the Sierras Grandes known as Punta de los Venados, the inhabitants of the city are called puntanos.

GeographyEdit

ClimateEdit

San Luis has a semi-arid climate (BSh/BSk, according to the Köppen climate classification) and it closely borders a humid subtropical climate (Cwa). Summers are hot and humid, and winters are cool and dry, with temperatures falling below 0 °C (32.0 °F) sometimes and snowfalls can occur occasionally. The hottest month, January, has an average temperature of 24.0 °C (75.2 °F), and the coldest month, July, has an average of 8.9 °C (48.0 °F). The annual average temperature is 16.6 °C (61.9 °F).

Climate data for San Luis (Brigadier Mayor César Raúl Ojeda Airport) 1981–2010, extremes 1901–present[a]
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 42.0
(107.6)
39.9
(103.8)
38.5
(101.3)
34.7
(94.5)
32.4
(90.3)
30.1
(86.2)
32.2
(90.0)
34.6
(94.3)
37.6
(99.7)
40.0
(104.0)
41.1
(106.0)
42.3
(108.1)
42.3
(108.1)
Average high °C (°F) 31.1
(88.0)
30.0
(86.0)
27.3
(81.1)
23.3
(73.9)
19.7
(67.5)
17.0
(62.6)
16.6
(61.9)
19.3
(66.7)
21.8
(71.2)
25.8
(78.4)
28.4
(83.1)
30.5
(86.9)
24.2
(75.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 24.4
(75.9)
23.2
(73.8)
20.8
(69.4)
16.6
(61.9)
12.9
(55.2)
10.0
(50.0)
9.4
(48.9)
11.9
(53.4)
14.7
(58.5)
18.9
(66.0)
21.6
(70.9)
23.8
(74.8)
17.4
(63.3)
Average low °C (°F) 17.9
(64.2)
17.0
(62.6)
15.3
(59.5)
11.3
(52.3)
7.7
(45.9)
4.5
(40.1)
3.7
(38.7)
5.9
(42.6)
8.5
(47.3)
12.5
(54.5)
15.0
(59.0)
17.1
(62.8)
11.4
(52.5)
Record low °C (°F) 4.1
(39.4)
3.9
(39.0)
2.3
(36.1)
−2.4
(27.7)
−6.5
(20.3)
−9.1
(15.6)
−10.5
(13.1)
−8.7
(16.3)
−4.3
(24.3)
−4.0
(24.8)
0.3
(32.5)
1.6
(34.9)
−10.5
(13.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 119.5
(4.70)
97.5
(3.84)
98.9
(3.89)
41.4
(1.63)
19.8
(0.78)
5.7
(0.22)
11.2
(0.44)
8.6
(0.34)
24.3
(0.96)
40.5
(1.59)
80.4
(3.17)
110.1
(4.33)
657.9
(25.90)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 10.2 8.3 7.9 5.0 3.3 1.9 2.7 2.2 4.3 5.4 7.8 10.6 69.6
Average relative humidity (%) 54.4 56.7 63.7 64.6 64.2 62.4 57.6 49.6 47.0 46.9 48.3 51.4 55.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours 319.3 280.0 260.4 234.0 210.8 186.0 204.6 238.7 240.0 291.4 300.0 316.2 3,081.4
Percent possible sunshine 73 75 68 68 64 62 65 71 67 73 72 71 69
Source #1: Servicio Meteorológico Nacional[2][3]
Source #2: NOAA (sun 1961–1990),[4] Secretaria de Mineria (extremes 1901–1960)[5]
 
City Hall
 
Former railway station (1907), today a cultural center
 
Downtown storefront

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for San Luis, Argentina". Retrieved 2009-08-15.
  2. ^ "Estadísticas Climatológicas Normales - período 1981-2010" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Retrieved January 21, 2018.
  3. ^ "Clima en la Argentina: Guia Climática por San Luis Aero". Caracterización: Estadísticas de largo plazo (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Archived from the original on 4 September 2017. Retrieved 5 October 2017.
  4. ^ "San Luis Aero Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved June 25, 2015.
  5. ^ "Provincia de San Luis - Clima Y Meteorologia" (in Spanish). Secretaria de Mineria de la Nacion (Argentina). Archived from the original on July 4, 2015. Retrieved April 10, 2013.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ The record highs and lows are based on the Secretaria de Mineria link for the period 1901–1960 while the Servicio Meteorológico Nacional source provides record highs from 1961–present

External linksEdit