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La Rioja (Spanish pronunciation: [la ˈrjo.xa]) is the capital city of the Argentine province of La Rioja, located in the east of the province. The city has a population of almost 150,000 according to the 2001 census [INDEC].

La Rioja
Skyline of La Rioja
Coat of arms of La Rioja
Coat of arms
La Rioja is located in Argentina
La Rioja
La Rioja
Location of La Rioja in Argentina
Coordinates: 29°24′45″S 66°51′15″W / 29.41250°S 66.85417°W / -29.41250; -66.85417Coordinates: 29°24′45″S 66°51′15″W / 29.41250°S 66.85417°W / -29.41250; -66.85417
Country Argentina
ProvinceLa Rioja
DepartmentCapital
Founded1591
Elevation
515 m (1,690 ft)
Population
 (2010 census [INDEC])
 • Total180,995
Time zoneUTC−3 (ART)
CPA base
F5300
Dialing code+54 3822
WebsiteOfficial website

La Rioja is located on the foot of the Velasco Sierras, 1,167 km (725 mi) from Buenos Aires, and 430 km (267 mi) from Córdoba.

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
Monument to José de San Martín, in the Plaza 25 de Mayo.

It was founded in 1591 by the governor of Tucumán Province.[1]

 
Colonial architecture
 
Naindo Park Hotel

GeographyEdit

ClimateEdit

La Rioja has a semi-arid climate (BSh, according to the Köppen climate classification), with average temperatures of 5 °C (41 °F) to 19 °C (66 °F) in winter and 21 °C (70 °F) to 35 °C (95 °F) in summer, but with maximum temperatures of more than 45 °C (113 °F). The average annual rainfall is 411.4 mm (16 in), falling almost exclusively during the summer when moist tropical air from the northeast enters the region. The highest recorded temperature was 46.4 °C (115.5 °F) on December 28, 1971[2] while the lowest recorded temperature was −7.2 °C (19.0 °F) on August 5, 1966.[3]

Climate data for La Rioja, Argentina (Capitán Vicente Almandos Almonacid Airport) 1981–2010, extremes 1931–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 45.5
(113.9)
43.6
(110.5)
42.0
(107.6)
40.0
(104.0)
37.3
(99.1)
29.9
(85.8)
37.3
(99.1)
41.4
(106.5)
42.6
(108.7)
45.2
(113.4)
44.6
(112.3)
46.4
(115.5)
46.4
(115.5)
Average high °C (°F) 34.7
(94.5)
33.0
(91.4)
30.7
(87.3)
26.7
(80.1)
22.6
(72.7)
19.4
(66.9)
19.5
(67.1)
23.0
(73.4)
26.2
(79.2)
30.9
(87.6)
33.5
(92.3)
35.1
(95.2)
27.9
(82.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 27.2
(81.0)
25.8
(78.4)
23.9
(75.0)
19.7
(67.5)
15.1
(59.2)
11.4
(52.5)
10.8
(51.4)
14.2
(57.6)
17.9
(64.2)
22.9
(73.2)
25.5
(77.9)
27.4
(81.3)
20.2
(68.4)
Average low °C (°F) 21.1
(70.0)
19.9
(67.8)
18.7
(65.7)
14.5
(58.1)
9.7
(49.5)
5.6
(42.1)
4.4
(39.9)
7.2
(45.0)
10.9
(51.6)
16.0
(60.8)
18.7
(65.7)
20.9
(69.6)
14.0
(57.2)
Record low °C (°F) 8.4
(47.1)
9.5
(49.1)
5.2
(41.4)
1.0
(33.8)
−3.0
(26.6)
−5.6
(21.9)
−6.9
(19.6)
−7.2
(19.0)
−2.5
(27.5)
3.5
(38.3)
5.3
(41.5)
7.7
(45.9)
−7.2
(19.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 96.3
(3.79)
73.6
(2.90)
65.0
(2.56)
29.3
(1.15)
9.0
(0.35)
2.9
(0.11)
3.8
(0.15)
4.2
(0.17)
9.4
(0.37)
17.6
(0.69)
35.9
(1.41)
65.0
(2.56)
412.0
(16.22)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 8.5 7.4 6.0 3.9 2.1 0.9 1.0 0.6 1.6 2.3 4.1 6.4 44.8
Average relative humidity (%) 61.8 64.6 68.6 69.7 69.7 69.4 62.9 52.9 48.9 48.8 51.9 55.9 60.4
Mean monthly sunshine hours 266.6 237.3 217.0 204.0 204.6 189.0 210.8 251.1 228.0 257.3 267.0 269.7 2,802.4
Percent possible sunshine 62 64 57 60 62 60 65 73 64 65 66 62 63
Source #1: Servicio Meteorológico Nacional[4]
Source #2: Meteo Climat (record highs and lows),[3] Oficina de Riesgo Agropecuario (record highs and July record low),[2] UNLP (sun only)[5]

SightsEdit

The Museo Folklórico is set in a 17th-century building, and its displays include local chaya music and the Tinkunaco festival.[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "La Rioja". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 5 December 2012.
  2. ^ a b "La Rioja, La Rioja". Estadísticas meteorológicas decadiales (in Spanish). Oficina de Riesgo Agropecuario. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
  3. ^ a b "Station La Rioja" (in French). Météo Climat. Retrieved 6 February 2017.
  4. ^ "Estadísticas Climatológicas Normales - período 1981-2010" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Retrieved 20 January 2018.
  5. ^ "Datos bioclimáticos de 173 localidades argentinas". Atlas Bioclimáticos (in Spanish). Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Retrieved 4 July 2016.
  6. ^ "Museo Folklórico". La Rioja, Argentina. Lonely Planet. Retrieved 13 February 2016.

External linksEdit