Partidos of Buenos Aires

A partido is the second-level administrative subdivision only in the province of Buenos Aires, Argentina. They are formally considered to be a single administrative unit, usually contain one or more population centers (i.e., towns and cities), and are divided into localidades. The subdivision in partidos in Buenos Aires Province is distinct from all other provinces of Argentina, which call their second-level subdivisions departamento and are further subdivided into distinct municipalities.

Political division of the province

History edit

By the end of 18th century the town council (cabildo) of Buenos Aires established the first partidos in the countryside: San Isidro del Pago de la Costa (San Isidro) in 1779 and San Vicente, Quilmes, Magdalena, La Matanza, Cañada de Morón (Morón), Las Conchas (Tigre) and San Pedro in 1784.

At the head of every partido, the cabildo appointed a rural judge called Alcalde de la Santa Hermandad. The judge, or alcalde, had the mission to maintain the law and order in the surrounding rural area of Buenos Aires, fighting against cattle raiders. The alcalde was helped by a constabulary called Santa Hermandad (Holy Brotherhood) created in the late 15th century by the Catholic Monarchs and transplanted to the colonies.

In 1821 the Governor Martín Rodríguez and his minister Bernardino Rivadavia dissolved the cabildos and since then was the governor itself who appointed the judges, now called Juez de Paz (Justice of the Peace), his administrative territory was called Partido judicial (Judicial district) hence the name of the subdivision.

In 1856 the office of Juez de Paz was replaced by a Presidente de la Municipalidad, or Municipal President. It was appointed by the Governor from a list of three candidates presented by the Municipales, or councillors, who were elected by the citizens of the different partidos.

Since 1890 the head of the government is called Intendente (Intendant), or Mayor, and is directly elected by the citizens.

On October 24, 1864 the Legislature of the Province of Buenos Aires sanctioned law № 422, dividing the province into 45 partidos: Arrecifes, Baradero, Barrancas al Sud (Avellaneda), Belgrano (Barrio Belgrano), Cañuelas, Carmen de Areco, Chacabuco, Chascomús, Chivilcoy, del Pilar, Ensenada, Exaltación de la Cruz, General las Heras, General San Martín, Giles, Junín, Matanza, Las Conchas (Tigre), Lobos, Lomas de Zamora, Luján, Magdalena, Mercedes, Merlo, Monte, Moreno, Morón, Navarro, Pergamino, Quilmes, Ramallo, Ranchos, Rivadavia, Rojas, Salto, San Antonio, San Fernando, San Isidro, San José de Flores (Barrio Flores), San Nicolás, San Pedro, San Vicente, Suipacha, Viedma and Zárate.

Government edit

Population Councillors
at most 5,000 6
5,000-10,000 10
10,000-20,000 12
20,000-30,000 14
30,000-40,000 16
40,000-80,000 18
80,000-200,000 20
more than 200,000 24

Every partido is administered by an executive and a legislative branch, respectively, the mayor (intendente) and a council (concejo deliberante), similar to a county council. It is considered a strong mayor-council form of government.

The mayor is elected to four-year terms and can be reelected for a new term. If they have been re-elected, they can not be re-elected in the same position, but with an interval of one period.

The council is a unicameral body, one-half of whose members are elected every two years to serve four-year terms and can be reelected for a new term. If they have been re-elected, they can not be re-elected in the same position, but with an interval of one period.

The number of councillors depends on the population of every partido. According to decret-law 6769/58 the number of councillors varies as follows:

List of partidos edit

Buenos Aires Province is divided into 135 partidos.

Name Capital Area (km2) Population Flag Coat of
Arms / Logos
Adolfo Alsina Carhué 5,875 16,245    
Adolfo Gonzáles Chaves Adolfo Gonzales Chaves 3,780 12,037    
Alberti Alberti 1,130 10,322    
Almirante Brown Adrogué 129.33 555,731      
Arrecifes Arrecifes 1,183 27,279    
Avellaneda Avellaneda 55.17 663,953    
Ayacucho Ayacucho 6,785 20,337  
Azul Azul 6,615 62,996      
Bahía Blanca Bahía Blanca 2,300 284,776      
Balcarce Balcarce 4,120 42,040      
Baradero Baradero 1,514 29,562    
Benito Juárez Benito Juárez 5,285 20,402      
Berazategui Berazategui 188 320,224    
Berisso Berisso 135 80,092      
Bolívar San Carlos de Bolívar 5,027 32,442  
Bragado Bragado 2,230 40,259    
Brandsen Brandsen 1,126 22,515    
Campana Campana 982 83,698      
Cañuelas Cañuelas 1,200 42,575  
Capitán Sarmiento Capitán Sarmiento 617 12,854  
Carlos Casares Carlos Casares 2,520 21,125      
Carlos Tejedor Carlos Tejedor 3,933 11,539  
Carmen de Areco Carmen de Areco 1,080 13,992    
Castelli Castelli 2,100 7,852  
Chacabuco Chacabuco 2,278 45,445      
Chascomús Chascomús 4,225 38,647  
Chivilcoy Chivilcoy 2,075 60,762      
Colón Colón 1,022 23,179  
Coronel Dorrego Coronel Dorrego 5,818 16,522    
Coronel Pringles Coronel Pringles 5,257 23,794  
Coronel Rosales Punta Alta 1,312 60,892      
Coronel Suárez Coronel Suárez 6,000 36,828    
Daireaux Daireaux 3,820 15,857    
Dolores Dolores 1,980 25,980    
Ensenada Ensenada 135 51,448      
Escobar Belén de Escobar 277 178,155    
Esteban Echeverría Monte Grande 120 300,959    
Exaltación de la Cruz Capilla del Señor 662 29,805      
Ezeiza Ezeiza 237 160,219    
Florencio Varela Florencio Varela 190 423,992  
Florentino Ameghino Florentino Ameghino 1,824 8,171    
General Alvarado Miramar 1,599 34,391    
General Alvear General Alvear 3,427 14,894  
General Arenales General Arenales 1,522 14,876  
General Belgrano General Belgrano 1,843 15,381  
General Guido General Guido 2,340 2,771  
General La Madrid General La Madrid 4,811 10,984    
General Las Heras General Las Heras 760 12,769  
General Lavalle General Lavalle 2,875 3,063  
General Madariaga General Juan Madariaga 2,964 18,286  
General Paz Ranchos 1,197 10,319  
General Pinto General Pinto 2,540 11,149    
General Pueyrredón Mar de Plata 1,453.44 564,056    
General Rodríguez General Rodríguez  
General San Martín San Martín    
General Viamonte Los Toldos  
General Villegas General Villegas    
Guaminí Guaminí  
Hipólito Yrigoyen Henderson    
Hurlingham Hurlingham  
Ituzaingó Ituzaingó  
José C. Paz José C. Paz  
Junín Junín    
La Costa Mar del Tuyú  
La Matanza San Justo      
La Plata La Plata    
Lanús Lanús    
Laprida Laprida    
Las Flores Las Flores    
Leandro N. Alem Vedia  
Lezama Lezama  
Lincoln Lincoln  
Lobería Lobería    
Lobos Lobos  
Lomas de Zamora Lomas de Zamora  
Luján Luján    
Magdalena Magdalena  
Maipú Maipú  
Malvinas Argentinas Los Polvorines    
Mar Chiquita Coronel Vidal  
Marcos Paz Marcos Paz  
Mercedes Mercedes    
Merlo Merlo    
Monte San Miguel del Monte  
Monte Hermoso Monte Hermoso  
Moreno Moreno  
Morón Morón  
Navarro Navarro      
Necochea Necochea    
Nueve de Julio Nueve de Julio  
Olavarría Olavarría      
Patagones Carmen de Patagones    
Pehuajó Pehuajó      
Pellegrini Pellegrini      
Pergamino Pergamino    
Pila Pila  
Pilar Pilar      
Pinamar Pinamar    
Presidente Perón Guernica  
Puan Puan  
Punta Indio Verónica  
Quilmes Quilmes    
Ramallo Ramallo    
Rauch Rauch    
Rivadavia América  
Rojas Rojas      
Roque Pérez Roque Pérez  
Saavedra Pigüé    
Saladillo Saladillo  
Salto Salto    
Salliqueló Salliqueló  
San Andrés de Giles San Andrés de Giles  
San Antonio de Areco San Antonio de Areco    
San Cayetano San Cayetano    
San Fernando San Fernando de la Buena Vista    
San Isidro San Isidro    
San Miguel San Miguel  
San Nicolás San Nicolás de los Arroyos  
San Pedro San Pedro    
San Vicente San Vicente  
Suipacha Suipacha  
Tandil Tandil    
Tapalqué Tapalqué  
Tigre Tigre    
Tordillo General Conesa  
Tornquist Tornquist  
Trenque Lauquen Trenque Lauquen  
Tres Arroyos Tres Arroyos  
Tres de Febrero Caseros  
Tres Lomas Tres Lomas  
Veinticinco de Mayo Veinticinco de Mayo    
Vicente López Olivos      
Villa Gesell Villa Gesell  
Villarino Médanos  
Zárate Zárate    

See also edit

Spanish language page has more data on more of the partidos:

External links edit