Pehuajó

Pehuajó (Spanish pronunciation: [pewaˈxo]) is a city in the Pehuajó Partido (Pehuajó district) in the province of Buenos Aires, Argentina. The partido has about 38,400 inhabitants as per the 2001 census [INDEC]. The name of this relatively small city is well known in Argentina because of María Elena Walsh's song Manuelita, about an adventurous turtle (tortoise); a dilapidated concrete statue of María Elena Walsh's Manuelita lies just outside the city, beside Ruta Nacional ("National Route") 5.[1]

Pehuajó
City
Flag of Pehuajó
Flag
Coat of arms of Pehuajó
Coat of arms
Pehuajó is located in Argentina
Pehuajó
Pehuajó
Location in Argentina
Coordinates: 35°48′S 61°54′W / 35.800°S 61.900°W / -35.800; -61.900Coordinates: 35°48′S 61°54′W / 35.800°S 61.900°W / -35.800; -61.900
Country Argentina
ProvinceBandera Buenos Aires.svg Buenos Aires
PartidoPehuajó
FoundedJuly 3, 1881
Government
 • IntendantPablo Javier Zurro (FPV)
Area
 • City17.66 km2 (6.82 sq mi)
 • Urban
10.40 km2 (4.02 sq mi)
Elevation
83.5 m (274.0 ft)
Population
 (2010 census)
 • City31,553
CPA Base
B 6450
Area code(s)+54 2396
ClimateCfa
WebsiteOfficial website
The statue of "Manuelita" the turtle.

ClimateEdit

Pehuajó has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa).[2] Winters are characterized with moderate temperatures during the day and cold nights with a July mean of 8.3 °C (46.9 °F).[3][4] During this time of the year, overcast days are more common, averaging 8–10 days per month.[3] Spring and fall are transition seasons featuring warm daytime temperatures and cool nighttime temperatures and are highly variable with some days reaching 37.7 °C (99.9 °F) and below −5 °C (23.0 °F).[3] Summers are hot with a January high of 30.4 °C (86.7 °F) followed by mild nights, averaging 15.7 °C (60.3 °F).[3] The average relative humidity is 75%, with the summer months being drier than the winter months.[4] The average first date of frost is on May 22 while the last date of frost is on September 11.[5] The city is moderately windy throughout the entire year with windspeeds ranging from a low of 9.0 kilometres per hour (5.6 mph) in June to 15.7 kilometres per hour (9.8 mph) in October and November.[3] On average, Pehuajó receives 945.3 millimetres (37 in) of precipitation per year with 83 days with measureable precipitation with summer months being more wetter than the winter months, where most of the precipitation falls in the form of thunderstorms.[4][6] Pehuajó receives approximately 2,720.1 hours of sunshine per year or 60% of possible sunshine per year, ranging from a low of 41% in June (only 120.0 hours of sunshine per month) to a high of 74% in March (279.7 hours of sunshine per month).[7][8][9] The highest recorded temperature was 43.4 °C (110.1 °F) on December 29, 1971 while the lowest recorded temperature was −10.8 °C (12.6 °F) on July 17, 1995.[5]

Climate data for Pehuajó (1981–2010, extremes 1970–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 42.8
(109.0)
39.1
(102.4)
37.7
(99.9)
33.5
(92.3)
30.6
(87.1)
24.6
(76.3)
27.7
(81.9)
36.0
(96.8)
31.8
(89.2)
40.0
(104.0)
37.2
(99.0)
43.4
(110.1)
43.4
(110.1)
Average high °C (°F) 29.6
(85.3)
28.3
(82.9)
26.1
(79.0)
22.0
(71.6)
17.9
(64.2)
14.4
(57.9)
14.0
(57.2)
16.7
(62.1)
18.8
(65.8)
22.0
(71.6)
25.3
(77.5)
28.3
(82.9)
22.0
(71.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 22.5
(72.5)
21.3
(70.3)
19.2
(66.6)
15.3
(59.5)
11.8
(53.2)
8.6
(47.5)
8.0
(46.4)
9.9
(49.8)
12.3
(54.1)
15.6
(60.1)
18.6
(65.5)
21.4
(70.5)
15.4
(59.7)
Average low °C (°F) 16.1
(61.0)
14.9
(58.8)
13.4
(56.1)
9.9
(49.8)
6.7
(44.1)
3.9
(39.0)
3.0
(37.4)
4.2
(39.6)
6.3
(43.3)
9.9
(49.8)
12.5
(54.5)
14.9
(58.8)
9.6
(49.3)
Record low °C (°F) 5.1
(41.2)
4.3
(39.7)
−0.5
(31.1)
−6.7
(19.9)
−5.7
(21.7)
−7.2
(19.0)
−7.5
(18.5)
−7.8
(18.0)
−5.3
(22.5)
−3.6
(25.5)
−1.8
(28.8)
1.7
(35.1)
−7.8
(18.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 119.6
(4.71)
101.2
(3.98)
149.3
(5.88)
79.9
(3.15)
49.0
(1.93)
25.8
(1.02)
24.0
(0.94)
28.8
(1.13)
63.6
(2.50)
116.1
(4.57)
104.3
(4.11)
107.0
(4.21)
968.6
(38.13)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 8.6 6.6 8.8 6.5 5.3 4.5 4.5 4.1 5.9 9.2 8.0 8.8 80.8
Average relative humidity (%) 69.9 73.5 77.6 78.4 80.3 82.0 79.8 74.2 72.6 73.1 70.0 67.9 74.9
Mean monthly sunshine hours 322.4 279.7 251.1 213.0 176.7 120.0 136.4 195.3 213.0 232.5 270.0 310.0 2,720.1
Percent possible sunshine 72 74 66 63 55 41 45 58 60 58 64 68 60
Source #1: Servicio Meteorológico Nacional[10]
Source #2: Oficina de Riesgo Agropecuario (record highs and lows),[5] UNLP (sun only)[7]

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ Chiappe, Luis M.; Dingus, Lowell (2001). Walking on Eggs: The Astonishing Discovery of Thousands of Dinosaur Eggs in the Badlands of Patagonia. New York: Scribner. p. 41. ISBN 978-0-7432-1211-3.
  2. ^ Peel, M. C. and Finlayson, B. L. and McMahon, T. A. (2007). "Updated world map of the Köppen–Geiger climate classification" (PDF). Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 11: 1633–1644. doi:10.5194/hess-11-1633-2007. ISSN 1027-5606.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  3. ^ a b c d e "Datos Estadísticos (Período 1981-1990)" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Retrieved June 15, 2015.
  4. ^ a b c "Pehuajó Aero Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved March 23, 2015.
  5. ^ a b c "Pehuajó, Buenos Aires". Estadísticas meteorológicas decadiales (in Spanish). Oficina de Riesgo Agropecuario. Retrieved June 15, 2015.
  6. ^ "Valores Medios de Temperatura y Precipitación-Buenos Aires: Pehuajó" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Retrieved March 30, 2015.
  7. ^ a b "Datos bioclimáticos de 173 localidades argentinas". Atlas Bioclimáticos (in Spanish). Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Retrieved June 15, 2015.
  8. ^ "Datos bioclimáticos de 173 localidades argentinas–Junio". Atlas Bioclimáticos (in Spanish). Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Retrieved June 15, 2015.
  9. ^ "Datos bioclimáticos de 173 localidades argentinas–Marzo". Atlas Bioclimáticos (in Spanish). Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Retrieved June 15, 2015.
  10. ^ "Estadísticas Climatológicas Normales - período 1981-2010" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Retrieved January 21, 2018.

External linksEdit