Ascenso MX

Ascenso MX was the second tier of professional football in Mexico of the Mexican football league system.[1] The champion of the competition was promoted to Liga MX (top-flight tier). The bottom team was relegated to Liga Premier (the third tier). It was sponsored by BBVA through its Mexican subsidiary BBVA, and was officially known as Ascenso BBVA MX.

Ascenso MX
Ascenso MX 2.svg
Founded1994; 27 years ago (1994)
Folded2020; 1 year ago (2020)
CountryMexico
ConfederationCONCACAF
Number of teams12
Level on pyramid2
Promotion toLiga MX
Relegation toLiga Premier
Serie A
Domestic cup(s)Copa MX
SuperCopa MX
Last championsAlebrijes de Oaxaca (2nd title)
(Apertura 2019)
Most championshipsLeón
Irapuato
Necaxa
Sinaloa (4 titles)
WebsiteOfficial site
Current: 2019–20 Ascenso MX season

Formerly known as Primera División A (First Division A) the league rebranded in 2009 its name and competition format to Liga de Ascenso. It was rebranded in 2012 as Ascenso MX. The major changes: clubs do not need a FMF certification to be promoted and that the competition no longer used group stages.

Ascenso MX was replaced by Liga de Expansión MX on April 17, 2020.

HistoryEdit

In 1994, to create a premier league, the Mexican Football Federation upgraded the Second Division to "Primera División A" (First Division A) to bring closer the level of play in the two tiers, Primera and Primera A. The project was under the direction of José Antonio García Rodríguez, then president of the then top-tier Primera Division. He envisioned the new division to be joined by the best teams of the Segunda and include teams from the United States (Los Angeles Salsa and San Jose Black Hawks expressed a desire to join). FIFA declined the integration but established a new league with the best Segunda División sides. The inaugural 1994-95 season began with 15 teams: Acapulco, Atlético Celaya, Atlético San Francisco, Atlético Yucatán, Caimanes de Tabasco, Coras de Tepic, Gallos de Aguascalientes, Halcones de Querétaro, Inter Tijuana, Irapuato, Reboceros de La Piedad, Marte, Pachuca, San Luis, and Zacatepec. Cobras de Ciudad Juárez declined to participate due to financial problems.

In 2006, the number of teams increased from 20 to 24, and geographically separated into two groups for preliminary competition (A and B).

In 2009, the major changes were: the name change from Primera División to Liga de Ascenso. The league was reduced to 17 teams and the groups were eliminated. Apertura 2010 had 18 teams participating. In 2012 the league was rebranded as Ascenso MX. In 2013 Alebrijes de Oaxaca was the 16th team of Ascenso MX. Alebrijes was partly formed by consolidating Segunda División side Tecamachalco which had won promotion to Ascenso MX in 2012, but did not fulfill infrastructural requirements set by the Mexican Football Federation. In August 2013, Club Zacatepec was promoted to Ascenso MX in place of relegated Pumas Morelos. [2]

In Ascenso MX editions 2011–2016, no team was relegated to Segunda División de México Liga Premier de Ascenso. On June 6, 2016, returned to relegation to the Segunda División de México Liga Premier de Ascenso for the 2016–17 season. Loros UdeC and Murciélagos F.C. were relegated in the next two seasons. In 2018–19 season, Tampico Madero F.C. finished last in the relegation table, but remained in Ascenso MX after paying a bail.

2020 abolishmentEdit

On April 13, Liga MX and Ascenso MX President Enrique Bonilla announced the termination of the remainder of the Clausura 2020 season. Two reasons were the 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic and the league's lack of financial resources. Its U17 and U20 youth systems and the Liga MX Femenil are also at risk.[3]

ClubsEdit

The 2019–20 season had 14 clubs competing.[4] However, the Clausura 2020 tournament had only 12 teams competing after the dissolution of Potros UAEM and Loros UdeC.

Location of teams in the 2019–20 Ascenso MX
Club City Stadium Capacity
Atlante Cancún, Quintana Roo Andrés Quintana Roo 17,289
Celaya Celaya, Guanajuato Miguel Alemán Valdés 23,182
Chiapas Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Chiapas Víctor Manuel Reyna 29,001
Oaxaca Oaxaca City, Oaxaca Tecnológico de Oaxaca 14,598
Sinaloa Culiacán, Sinaloa Banorte 20,108
Sonora Hermosillo, Sonora Héroe de Nacozari 18,747
Tampico Madero Tampico / Ciudad Madero, Tamaulipas Tamaulipas 19,667
UAT Ciudad Victoria, Tamaulipas Marte R. Gómez 10,520
UdeG Guadalajara, Jalisco Jalisco 55,020
Venados Mérida, Yucatán Carlos Iturralde 15,087
Zacatecas Zacatecas City, Zacatecas Carlos Vega Villalba 20,068
Zacatepec Zacatepec, Morelos Agustín "Coruco" Díaz 24,313

ChampionsEdit

Club Winners Runner-Up Winning Seasons
Sinaloa 4 6 Apertura 2003, Clausura 2007, Clausura 2015, Apertura 2016
León 4 3 Verano 2003, Clausura 2004, Clausura 2008, Clausura 2012
Necaxa 4 2 Apertura 2009, Clausura 2010, Apertura 2014, Clausura 2016
Irapuato †† 4 2 Invierno 1999, Verano 2000, Apertura 2002, Clausura 2011
Querétaro 3 0 Clausura 2005, Clausura 2006, Apertura 2008
La Piedad †† 2 3 Verano 2001, Apertura 2012
Atlético San Luis 2 1 Apertura 2018, Clausura 2019
Pachuca 2 1 1995-96, Invierno 1997
San Luis †††† 2 1 Verano 2002, Apertura 2004
Puebla 2 0 Apertura 2005, Apertura 2006
UANL 2 0 Invierno 1996, Verano 1997
Oaxaca 2 0 Apertura 2017, Apertura 2019
Tijuana 1 2 Apertura 2010
UAT 1 2 Apertura 2011
Juárez 1 2 Apertura 2015
Veracruz 1 1 Invierno 2001
Toros Neza †††† 1 1 Clausura 2013
Indios †††† 1 1 Apertura 2007
Tigrillos UANL †††† 1 1 Verano 1998
BUAP 1 1 Clausura 2017
UdeG 1 1 Apertura 2013
Venados 1 0 Clausura 2009
Tecos †† 1 0 Clausura 2013
Gallos Hidrocálidos de Aguascalientes †††† 1 0 Invierno 2000
Unión de Curtidores †††† 1 0 Verano 1999
Yucatán †††† 1 0 Invierno 1998
Atlético Celaya †††† 1 0 1994-1995
Tapachula 1 0 Clausura 2018
Cruz Azul Hidalgo †† 0 3
Zacatepec 0 3
Atlante 0 2
Tepic †† 0 1
Salamanca ††† 0 1
Atlético Hidalgo †††† 0 1
Atlético Mexiquense †††† 0 1
Chivas Tijuana †††† 0 1
Cobras †††† 0 1
Gallos Blancos de Hermosillo †††† 0 1
Real Sociedad de Zacatecas †††† 0 1
Tapatío †††† 0 1

† Teams currently in the Liga MX
†† Teams currently in the Liga Premier
††† Teams currently in the Amateur Levels
†††† Defunct teams

SponsorshipEdit

 
BBVA México was named the league's official sponsor in 2015. From 2019, the bank was rebranded as BBVA and the league was renamed

BBVA México was the league's sponsor, and used the brand name Ascenso BBVA MX. The official match ball is manufactured by Voit.

Promotion and relegationEdit

Relegation and Promotion by Club
Club Promotions Relegations
Zacatepec 5 (1950–51, 1962–63, 1969–70, 1977–78, 1983–84) 1 (2013–14*)
San Luis †††† 4 (1970–71, 1975–76, 2001–02, 2004–05)
Querétaro 4 (México 86, 1989–90, 2005–06, 2008–09)
Pachuca 4 (1966–67, 1991–92, 1995–96, 1997–98)
Irapuato †† 4 (1953–54, 1984–85, 1999–2000*, 2002–03) 1 (2005–06)
Atlas 3 (1954–55, 1971–72, 1978–79)
Puebla 3 (1969–70, 1998–99, 2006–07)
Unión de Curtidores †††† 3 (1973–74, 1982–83, 1998–99*)
La Piedad †† 3 (1951–52, 2000–01, 2012–13*)
Tampico Madero 3 (1958–59, 1964–65, 1972–73)
Necaxa 2 (2009–10, 2015–16)
Sinaloa 2 (2003–04, 2014–15)
UdeG 2 (1973–74, 2013–14)
Veracruz 2 (1963–64, 2001–02*)
Zamora †† 2 (1954–55, 1956–57)
Atlante 2 (1976–77, 1990–91)
Monterrey 2 (1955–56, 1959–60)
Morelia 2 (1956–57, 1980–81)
UANL 2 (1973–74, 1996–97)
León 2 (1989–90, 2011–12)
Toros Neza †††† 2 (1988–89, 1992–93)
Cobras †††† 2 (PRODE 1985, 1987–88)
Atlético Celaya †††† 2 (1957–58, 1994–95)
Ciudad Madero †††† 2 (1964–65, 1972–73)
Atlético Potosino †††† 1 (1973–74)
UAT 1 (1986–87)
Indios de Ciudad Juárez †††† 1 (2007–08)
UAG †† 1 (1974–75)
Atlético Yucatán †††† 1 (1998–99)
Toluca 1 (1952–53)
Cuautla †† 1 (1954–55)
Nacional †††† 1 (1960–61)
UNAM 1 (1961–62)
Cruz Azul 1 (1963–64)
Laguna †††† 1 (1967–68)
Jabatos de Nuevo León †††† 1 (1965–66)
Torreón †††† 1 (1968–69)
Oaxtepec †††† 1 (1981–82)
Potros Neza †††† 1 (1988–89)
Atletas Campesinos †††† 1 (1979–80)
Tijuana 1 (2010–11) 1 (2007–08)
Tepic †† 1 (2013–14) 1 (1995–96)
BUAP 1 (2016–17)
Tapachula 1 (2017–18*)
Atlético San Luis 1 (2018–19)
Murciélagos †† 1 (2017–18)
UdeC 1 (2016–17)
Pumas Morelos †††† 1 (2012–13)
Tabasco †††† 1 (1994–95)
Inter Tijuana †††† 1 (1996–97)
Marte †††† 1 (1997–98)
Atlético San Francisco ††† 1 (1998–99)
Gavilanes de Nuevo Laredo †††† 1 (2002–03)
Trotamundos de Tijuana †††† 1 (2003–04)
Altamira †††† 1 (2004–05)
Dorados de Tijuana †††† 1 (2005–06)
Monarcas Morelia "A" †††† 1 (2006–07)
Halcones de Querétaro †††† 2 (1999–00, 2000–01)
Jaguares de Tapachula †††† 2 (2003–04, 2008–09)

† Teams currently in the Liga MX
†† Teams currently in the Liga Premier
††† Teams currently in the Amateur Levels
†††† Defunct teams

Notes:

Top scorersEdit

Year Name Team Goals
1994–95   Marco de Almeida Marte 15
1995–96   Lorenzo Sáez Pachuca 30
Invierno 96   Nílson Esidio Mora UANL 11
Verano 97   Ángel Lemus
  Carlos Pavón
Irapuato
UAT
12
Invierno 97   Niver Arboleda Zacatepec 17
Verano 98   Daniel Fasciolli
  Carlos Morales
  Valtencir Gomes
UAT
Pachuca
Tigrillos UANL
12
Invierno 98   Cristián Ariel Morales Irapuato 19
Verano 99   Ángel Lemus San Luis 16
Invierno 99   Cristián Ariel Morales Irapuato 17
Verano 2000   Carlos Muñoz
Emmanuel Sacramento
BUAP 15
Invierno 2000   Christian Patiño La Piedad 16
Verano 01   Héctor Giménez Aguascalientes 16
Invierno 01   Héctor Álvarez Tampico-Madero 16
Verano 02   Ariel González Querétaro 15
Apertura 02   Héctor Álvarez Zacatepec 23
Clausura 03   Héctor Álvarez Zacatepec 16
Apertura 03   Héctor Álvarez León 17
Clausura 04   Mauro Gerk
  Francisco Bravo
Celaya
Zacatepec
18
Apertura 04   Ariel González San Luis 16
Clausura 05   Rubén Darío Gigena Cruz Azul Hidalgo 17
Apertura 05   Mauricio Romero Sonora 16
Clausura 06   Diego Olsina Coatzacoalcos 15
Apertura 06   Álvaro González Puebla 14
Clausura 07   Álvaro González Puebla 16
Apertura 07   Mauricio Romero León 14
Clausura 08   Freddy Bareiro León 17
Apertura 08   Mauro Gerk
  Raúl Enríquez
Querétaro
Tijuana
14
Clausura 09   Sebastián Maz Sinaloa 15
Apertura 09   Ariel González Irapuato 11
Bicentenario 2010   Ariel González
  Carlos Casartelli
Irapuato
León
11
Apertura 10   Eder Pacheco Durango 13
Clausura 2011   Blas Pérez León 14
Apertura 11   Nicolás Saucedo UAT 11
Clausura 2012   Sebastián Maz León 13
Apertura 12   Víctor Lojero
  Rodrigo Prieto
Necaxa
Neza
11
Clausura 2013   Víctor Lojero Necaxa 12
Apertura 2013   Gustavo Ramírez Oaxaca 11
Clausura 2014   Roberto Nurse UAT 12
Apertura 2014   Diego Jiménez
  Giancarlo Maldonado
BUAP
Atlante
10
Clausura 2015   Roberto Nurse
  Leandro Carrijó
Sinaloa
Atlético San Luis
10
Apertura 2015   Carlos Garcés Atlante 10
Clausura 2016   Ismael Valadéz Tapachula 10
Apertura 2016   Roberto Nurse Zacatecas 16
Clausura 2017   Diego Jiménez BUAP 10
Apertura 2017   Luis Madrigal Oaxaca 12
Clausura 2018   Guillermo Martínez Zacatecas 11
Apertura 2018   Nicolás Ibáñez
  Roberto Nurse
Atlético San Luis
Zacatecas
8
Clausura 2019   Nicolás Ibáñez Atlético San Luis 11
Apertura 2019   Víctor Mañón U. de C. 8

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Nace la Liga de Ascenso". www.femexfut.org.mx. 2009-06-22. Archived from the original on 2011-07-16. Retrieved 2009-06-22.
  2. ^ "Nacen los Guerreros de Oaxaca :: Deportes". televisadeportes.esmas.com.
  3. ^ "Ascenso MX da por terminado el C2020 por falta de recursos ante el coronavirus". mediotiempo.com.
  4. ^ Die 18 Mannschaften in der Liga de Ascenso 2010/11 Archived 2012-03-24 at the Wayback Machine (Spanish; retrieved on May 27, 2010)

External linksEdit