The Copa MX (formerly called Copa Tower Monterrey, Copa Eliminatoria, Copa México and Copa Corona MX (for sponsorship reasons))[8] is a Mexican football cup competition that was established in 1907. After a lengthy hiatus that began in 1997,[clarification needed] it was restored in 2012.

Copa MX
Copa MX.svg
Founded1907; 115 years ago (1907)
RegionMexico
Number of teams24
Domestic cup(s)Supercopa MX
Current championsMonterrey (3rd title)
Most successful club(s)Amateur era:
Asturias
(8 titles)
Professional era:
América
(6 titles)
Television broadcastersClaro[1]
ESPN[2]
Fox Sports[3]
Grupo Imagen[4]
Televisa[5]
TV Azteca[6]
TVC Deportes[7]
WebsiteCopa MX
2022–23 Copa MX

On early editions of the cup, it consisted of both professional and amateur stages. It was the first official tournament that included teams from different parts of Mexico and was considered a prestigious tournament, especially during its earlier years of existence. The original purpose of the competition was to determine a national champion, thus distinguishing it from the local league championship. Its format was different from the local leagues as well, as it employed direct elimination and culminated in a final that received much more fanfare than the local leagues.

The cup has twice been placed on hiatus by the Mexican Football Federation – between 1976 and 1988 and between 1992 and 1994 – with the 1997 edition of the tournament being the last time the Copa México was held before it was placed on an indefinite hiatus. In May 2012, Liga MX president Decio de María announced the return and rebranding of the tournament.[9]

HistoryEdit

Copa Tower (1907–1919)Edit

The Copa México began in 1907 with the donation of the trophy by Reginald Tower, who was at the time the British ambassador to Mexico. For this reason, it was originally called the Copa Tower. At first, the tournament only included clubs from Mexico City and the surrounding areas. Pachuca won the inaugural tournament, in 1908, by defeating Reforma AC in the final. In 1919, Real España won the cup for the third year straight and were allowed to keep the trophy permanently. In all, the Copa Tower was contested 11 times, with Real España winning it four times in all, the best performance of the period.

Copa Eliminatoria (1919–1932)Edit

In 1920, the tournament took place for the first time with a new trophy, the Copa Eliminatoria. It was contested six times between the years 1920 and 1926. Asturias F.C. won it three times during this period (consecutively from 1922 to 1924), the highest total of any team during this period.

Copa México (1932–1997)Edit

Amateur Period (1932–1943)Edit

After the foundation of the Federación Mexicana de Fútbol in 1927, a new trophy, named the Copa México, was donated in 1932. Following a six-year hiatus, the cup was contested again during the 1932–33 season. This time, the competition also received official support of President Lázaro Cárdenas. The first Copa México was won by Necaxa in a tournament of historical importance due to the adoption of new rules. This marked the beginning of an 11-year period that is referred to in retrospect as the Amateur Period. Once again, Asturias F.C. dominated the championship, winning it a record 5 times during this period.

Professional Period (1943–1997)Edit

In 1943 the Professional Period of the Copa México began, a period that would last until the competition's termination in 1997. At first, it was played among teams from the then-Liga Mayor, the present-day Primera Division de Mexico. Beginning in 1950 the teams of the Segunda División de México were also included into the competition with the exception of the 1956–57, 1963–64, 1994–95 and 1995–96 seasons.

Copa MX (2012–)Edit

Semi-annual format (2012–2016)Edit

Upon its return in 2012, the newly rebranded Copa MX was played twice a year, concurrent with the two league tournaments. In the Fall tournament, 14 of the Liga MX teams not involved in the CONCACAF Champions League, play alongside 14 of the Ascenso MX teams. The 14 Ascenso MX teams were the 13 top point-earners from the season prior, plus the newly relegated team. The teams were placed into 7 groups of 4. The 7 group winners, plus the group runner-up with the highest point total, moved on to the quarterfinals.

Teams played 6 games in the group stage. Groups and home field advantage were determined by a blind draw. For the group draw, 1st division teams were placed in Pot A, while 2nd division teams were placed in Pot B. In the home field advantage draw, no team can have more than 2 home games in the group stage. A blind draw determined home field advantage in the knockout rounds.

In the Spring tournament, the 11 Liga MX teams not involved in international tournaments, played alongside the 13 Ascenso MX teams with the highest point total from the previous short tournament. Both tournaments will have the same draw format and number of group games. KO rounds for both tournaments will be single-elimination.

Revised semi-annual format (2016–2019)Edit

The new format was played twice a year, concurrent with the two league tournaments. In the Fall tournament, all Liga MX clubs will play alongside 12 of the Ascenso MX teams. The 12 Ascenso MX teams will be the 11 top point-earners from the season prior, plus the newly relegated team. The teams will be placed into 8 groups of 3. The 8 group winners, plus the 8 group runners-up, move on to the new round (round of 16).

Teams will play 4 games in the group stage. Groups and home field advantage will be determined the draw by public at their annual draft. For the group draw, 1st division teams top 4 point-earners and 2nd division teams top 4 point-earners will be placed in Pot A, while 1st division teams mid 4 point-earners and 2nd division teams mid 4 point-earners will be placed in Pot B and 1st division teams last 4 point-earners and 2nd division teams last 4 point-earners will be placed in Pot C. In the home field advantage draw, teams can have 2 home games in the group stage. A blind draw will determine home field advantage in the KO rounds.

Annual format (2019–)Edit

From 2019 to 2020 season, the Copa MX will be played as a single tournament throughout the season. It will have the participation of 27 teams (15 of Liga MX and 12 of Ascenso MX) place into 9 groups of 3. Respect to the development of the tournament, this maintains most of the 2016 format, except the division in 2 tournaments per year. The group stage will be played between July and December, and the final stage will be played between January and April.

List of finalsEdit

Amateur era (1907–1943)Edit

Copa TowerEdit

Year Champion Score Runner-up
1907–08 Pachuca
4–0
Reforma
1908–09 Reforma
3–2
Mexico Cricket
1909–10 Reforma
2–1
British Club
1910–11 British Club
1–0
Reforma
1911–12 Pachuca
3–1
British Club
1912–13 Rovers
1–0
Reforma
1913–14 México FC
3–1
Rovers
1914–15 Club España
2–0
Pachuca
1915–16 Rovers
1–0
Club España
1916–17 Club España
2–1
Pachuca
1917–18 Club España
1–0
Tigres México
1918–19 Germania
3–1
Pachuca

[10]

Copa EliminatoriaEdit

Year Champion Score Runner-up
1919–20 Not held
1920–21 México FC
4–2
Germania
1921–22 Asturias
4–1
Club España
1922–23 Asturias
3–0
Club España
1923–24 Asturias
5–3
Reforma
1924–25 Necaxa
3–2
Asturias
1925–26 Necaxa
4–2
Club España
1926–32 Not held

[11]

Copa MexicoEdit

Year Champion Score Runner-up
1932–33 Necaxa
3–1
Germania
1933–34 Asturias
3–0
Necaxa
1934–35 Not held
1935–36 Necaxa
2–1
(aet)
Asturias
1936–37 Asturias
5–3
América
1937–38 América
3–1
Club España
1938–39 Asturias
4–1
Club España
1939–40 Asturias
1–0
Necaxa
1940–41 Asturias
2–2
Club España didn't play replay
Club España
1941–42 Atlante
5–3
5-0
Necaxa

[12]

Professional era (1943–1997)Edit

Year Champion Score Runner-up Manager
1942–43 Moctezuma
5–3
(aet)
Atlante   Eduardo Morilla
1943–44 Club España
6–2
Atlante   Rodolfo Muñoz
1944–45 Puebla
6–4
América   Eduardo Morilla
1945-46 Atlas
5–4
(aet)
Atlante   Eduardo Valdatti
1946–47 Moctezuma
4–3
Oro   Julio Kaiser
1947–48 Veracruz
3–1
Guadalajara   Joaquin Urquiaga
1948–49 León
3–0
Atlante   Jose Maria Casullo
1949–50 Atlas
3–1
Veracruz   Eduardo Valdatti
1950–51 Atlante
1–0
Guadalajara   Octavio Vial
1951–52 Atlante
Final Stage
Guadalajara   Gregorio Blasco
1952–53 Puebla
4–1
León   Isidro Langara
1953–54 América
1 (3) – 1 (2)
Penalties
Guadalajara   Octavio Vial
1954-55 América
1–0
Guadalajara   Octavio Vial
1955–56 Toluca
2–1
Irapuato   Fernando Marcos
1956–57 Zacatepec
2–1
León   Ignacio Trellez
1957–58 León
5–2
(aet)
Zacatepec   Antonio López Herranz
1958–59 Zacatepec
2–1
León   Ignacio Trellez
1959–60 Necaxa
4–1
Tampico Madero   Donald Ross
1960–61 Tampico Madero
1–0
Toluca   Nicolas Palma
1961–62 Atlas
3–3
Replay
1–0
Tampico Madero   Jose Carlos Bauer
1962–63 Guadalajara
2–1
Atlante   Javier De la Torre
1963–64 América
1 (5)–1 (4)
Penalties
Monterrey   Alejandro Scopelli
1964–65 América
4–0
Morelia   Alejandro Scopelli
1965–66 Necaxa
3–3
Replay
1–0
León   Miguel Marin
1966–67 León
2–1
Guadalajara  Luis Grill
1967–68 Atlas
2–1
Veracruz   Javier Novello
1968–69 Cruz Azul
2–1
(aet)
Monterrey   Raúl Cardenas
1969–70 Guadalajara
3–2
2–1
Torreón   Javier de la Torre
1970–71 León
0 (10) – 0 (9)
Penalties
Zacatepec   Antonio Carbajal
1971–72 León
Final Stage
Puebla   Antonio Carbajal
1972–73
Not held
1973–74 América
2–1
1–1
Cruz Azul   José Antonio Roca
1974–75 UNAM
Final Stage
UdeG   Árpád Fekete
1975–76 UANL
2–0
1–2
América   Claudio Lostanau
1976–87
Not held
1987–88 Puebla
0–0
1–11
Cruz Azul   Hugo Fernández
1988–89 Toluca
2–1 (aet)
1–1
UdeG   Héctor Sanabria
1989–90 Puebla
4–1
0–2
UANL   Manuel Lapuente
1990–91 UdeG
1–0
0–0
América   Alberto Guerra
1991–92 Monterrey
4–2
Cobras   Miguel Mejía Barón
1992–94
Not held
1994–95 Necaxa
2–0
Veracruz   Manuel Lapuente
1995–96 UANL
1–1
1–0
Atlas   Victor Manuel Vucetich
1996–97 Cruz Azul
2–0
Toros Neza   Victor Manuel Vucetich
1996–2012
Not held
1: On away goals

Copa MXEdit

Year Champion Score Runner-up Manager
Apertura 2012 Sinaloa 2 (5) – 2 (4)
Penalties
UAT   Francisco Javier Ramírez
Clausura 2013 Cruz Azul 0(4) – 0 (2)
Penalties
Atlante   Guillermo Vázquez
Apertura 2013 Morelia 3 (3) – 3 (1)
Penalties
Atlas   Carlos Bustos
Clausura 2014 UANL 3–0 Oaxaca   Ricardo Ferretti
Apertura 2014 Santos Laguna 2 (4) – 2(2)
Penalties
Puebla   Pedro Caixinha
Clausura 2015 Puebla 4–2 Guadalajara   José Guadalupe Cruz
Apertura 2015 Guadalajara 1–0 León   Matías Almeyda
Clausura 2016 Veracruz 4–1 Necaxa   Carlos Reinoso
Apertura 2016 Querétaro 0 (3)–0 (2)
Penalties
Guadalajara   Víctor Manuel Vucetich
Clausura 2017 Guadalajara 0 (3)–0 (1)
Penalties
Morelia   Matías Almeyda
Apertura 2017 Monterrey 1–0 Pachuca   Antonio Mohamed
Clausura 2018 Necaxa 1–0 Toluca   Ignacio Ambríz
Apertura 2018 Cruz Azul 2–0 Monterrey   Pedro Caixinha
Clausura 2019 América 1–0 Juárez   Miguel Herrera
2019–20 Monterrey 2–1 Tijuana   Antonio Mohamed

List of winnersEdit

Amateur eraEdit

Club Champion Runner-up
Asturias 8 6
Real España 4 6
Necaxa 4 2
Pachuca 2 2
Reforma 2 3
México 2 2
América 1 1
British Club 1 0
Rovers 1 0
Atlante 1 0
Moctezuma 1 0

Professional eraEdit

Club Champion Runner-up
América 6 3
León 5 4
Puebla 5 3
Guadalajara 4 8
Cruz Azul 4 2
Necaxa 4 1
Atlas 4 1
Monterrey 3 2
UANL 3 1
Atlante 2 4
Veracruz 2 3
Zacatepec 2 2
Toluca 2 2
Tampico Madero 1 2
UdeG 1 2
Morelia 1 2
Querétaro 1 0
Santos Laguna 1 0
Sinaloa 1 0
Real España 1 0
Moctezuma 1 0
UNAM 1 0
Oro 0 1
Irapuato 0 1
Torreón 0 1
Cobras 0 1
Toros Neza 0 1
UAT 0 1
Oaxaca 0 1
Pachuca 0 1
Juárez 0 1

Performance by ClubEdit

Club Champion Runner-up
Asturias 8 6
Necaxa 8 3
América 7 6
Real España 5 6
León 5 4
Puebla 5 3
Guadalajara 4 8
Atlas 4 1
Cruz Azul 4 2
UANL 3 1
Atlante 3 4
Veracruz 2 3
Monterrey 3 2
Zacatepec 2 2
Toluca 2 2
Tampico Madero 1 2
UdeG 1 2
Morelia 1 2
Querétaro 1 0
Santos Laguna 1 0
Sinaloa 1 0
Moctezuma 2 0
UNAM 1 0
Oro 0 1
Irapuato 0 1
Torreón 0 1
Cobras 0 1
Toros Neza 0 1
UAT 0 1
Oaxaca 0 1
Pachuca 2 3
Reforma 2 3
México 2 2
British Club 1 0
Rovers 1 0

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ includes Claro Sports
  2. ^ includes ESPN 2
  3. ^ includes Fox Sports 2
  4. ^ includes Imagen Televisión and Excélsior TV
  5. ^ Includes Canal 5, Gala TV, Las Estrellas, Sky México, TDN and Univisión TDN
  6. ^ includes Azteca 7 and Azteca Uno
  7. ^ includes TVC Deportes 2
  8. ^ "COPA MX - Página Oficial de la Liga Mexicana del Fútbol Profesional".
  9. ^ "La Copa MX inicia la prueba de fuego tras 15 años de ausencia". CNN México. Retrieved 24 July 2012.
  10. ^ Lugo, Erik Francisco (9 June 2016). "Mexico - List of Cup Winners". RSSSF. RSSSF. Retrieved 17 June 2016.
  11. ^ Lugo, Erik Francisco (9 June 2016). "Mexico - List of Cup Winners". RSSSF. RSSSF. Retrieved 17 June 2016.
  12. ^ Lugo, Erik Francisco (9 June 2016). "Mexico - List of Cup Winners". RSSSF. RSSSF. Retrieved 17 June 2016.

External linksEdit