Canal 5 (Mexico)
Canal 5 is a Mexican free-to-air television network owned by Televisa. It traces its origins to the foundation of Channel 5 in Mexico City in 1952 (also known by its identification code XHGC-TDT). Canal 5's program lineup is generally targeted at a younger audience and includes cartoons, foreign series and movies, along with a limited number of sporting events such as NFL games, boxing, the FIFA World Cup and, historically, the Olympic Games.
|Headquarters||Av Chapultepec 28, Doctores, Cuauhtémoc, 0672Mexico City|
(English/original audio by SAP)
|Picture format||1080i HDTV|
(downscaled to 16:9 480i for the SDTV feed)
|Owner||Televisa (merger with Univision Communications pending)|
|Sister channels||Las Estrellas|
|Launched||10 May 1952|
|Digital terrestrial television (Except Tijuana and Matamoros)||Channel 5.1 (HD)|
|Digital terrestrial television (Matamoros)||Channel 2.2 (HD)|
|Digital terrestrial television (Tijuana)||Channel 6.1 (HD)|
|Izzi||Channel 105 (SD)|
Channel 705 (HD)
|Megacable||Channel 205 (SD)|
Channel 1205 (HD)
|Sky México||Channel 105 (SD)|
Channel 1105 (HD)
|Dish México||Channel 105 (SD)|
Channel 988 (HD)
Canal 5 is mainly aimed at children and youth audiences, although in late hours it usually includes a more general concept with television series and reality shows. Over the decades among its programming, it includes many series purchased from networks such as Nickelodeon Latin America Cartoon Network, among others; while the series aimed at the general public often come from Paramount Network, Fox Broadcasting Company, Warner Bros., ViacomCBS, MTV, NBCUniversal and Univision and others. The channel also broadcasts series produced by the company Televisa, which owns the channel. In programming, its main national competitor in open television has historically been Azteca 7 of TV Azteca.
On May 10, 1952, XHGC-TV came to air for the first time. It was Mexico City's third television station, owned by Guillermo González Camarena, an inventor who created the first color television system. In 1955, XHGC was one of three stations that formed Telesistema Mexicano. González Camarena remained the general manager of XHGC until his death in 1965.
In 1962, XHGC became the first station in Mexico to broadcast in color. By request of Guillermo González Camarena, XHGC began targeting an audience of children and youth, with the first color telecast being Paraíso infantil (Children's Paradise). Over the years, Canal 5 has retained this programming focus, with a schedule incorporating foreign series and sports programs.
At the end of the 1980s, the then-vice president of Televisa, Alejandro Burillo Azcárraga, spearheaded drastic changes in the branding of the company's television networks. XHGC had branded as Canal 5 for years, using various logos with the number 5. However, as the network's various repeaters were not all on channel 5, the network began branding by the XHGC callsign. The landmark Energía Visual (Visual Energy) campaign, designed by Agustín Corona and Pablo Jato, featured idents with wildly varied logos and designs—a first for Mexican television. The campaign was designed to back the channel's youthful image.
In the 1990s, Canal 5 began branding with its channel number again. During this time period, Alejandro González Iñárritu, who had also been involved with Televisa's radio station XEW-FM (WFM), was involved in the creation of some of the network's promotional campaigns. Additionally, in 1994, Televisa obtained a concession for 62 additional television transmitters nationwide, most of which form a key link in the Canal 5 network today.
1999 saw the beginning of a shift in content providers for Canal 5, which had long been the exclusive Mexican rightsholder to Disney programs such as Chip 'n Dale Rescue Rangers, DuckTales and a Mexican version of Disney Club. In 1999, these rights began to migrate to Televisión Azteca and Azteca 7. Instead, the network began relying more on Warner Bros., Cartoon Network, PBS Kids, Fox and Nickelodeon programs.
Today, Canal 5 carries children's programs, films and international series, as well as sporting events including UEFA Champions League, UEFA Europa League and FIFA World Cup matches, a limited number of Liga MX fixtures and international matches involving the Mexico national team, and select NFL and NHL games. Canal 5 also features some of Televisa's own productions, such as El Chavo Animado and Mujeres Asesinas 3 by Pedro Torres.
In recent years, Canal 5's Twitter page started posting strange and disturbing posts typically between 3-7 am. Since then, the posts have been investigated and widely shared and talked about in the Mexican media. Infobae México, a Mexican news site, contacted one of the collaborators of Channel 5. However, they claimed they had no knowledge about the disturbing posts.
It is quite possible that the first modern infomercial series to run in North America was on San Diego-area television station XETV, which during the 1970s ran a one-hour program every Sunday consisting of advertisements for local homes for sale. As the station was actually licensed by the Mexican government to the city of Tijuana, but broadcast all of its programs in English for the U.S. market until 2017 (when it became a pure Spanish-language outlet for Canal 5), the FCC limit at that time of a maximum of 18 minutes of commercials in an hour did not apply to the station.
Canal 5 is carried on 66 of its own transmitters plus another 32 transmitters shared with Las Estrellas and one transmitter that carries a Televisa local service, Las Estrellas and Canal 5; these 31 transmitters do not carry Canal 5 in HD. It holds the rights to virtual channel 5 nationwide and broadcasts on it in almost all areas, with a handful of notable exceptions along the US-Mexico border.
In 2018, the concessions of all primary Canal 5 repeaters wholly owned by Televisa were consolidated in the concessionaire Radio Televisión, S.A. de C.V. as part of a reorganization of Televisa's concessionaires.
|17||5||XHENJ-TDT||Ensenada, BC||38 kW||Radio Televisión|
|18||5||XHMEX-TDT||Mexicali, BC||200 kW||Radio Televisión|
|23||6||XETV-TDT||Tijuana, BC||200 kW||Radio Televisión|
|30||5||XHCBC-TDT||Cd. Constitución, BCS||200 kW||Televimex|
|29||5||XHLPB-TDT||La Paz, BCS||26 kW||Radio Televisión|
|27||5||XHSJT-TDT||San José del Cabo, BCS||30 kW||Televimex|
|22||5||XHAN-TDT||Campeche, Camp.||28 kW||Radio Televisión|
|22||5||XHCDC-TDT||Cd. del Carmen, Camp.||31 kW||Televimex|
|22||5||XHCZC-TDT||Comitán de Dominguez, Chis.||32 kW||Radio Televisión|
|17||5||XHSNC-TDT||San Cristobal de las Casas, Chis.||30 kW||Radio Televisión|
|34||5||XHTAH-TDT||Tapachula, Chis.||62 kW||Radio Televisión|
|29||5||XHTUA-TDT||Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Chis.||45 kW||Televimex|
|19||5||XHCDE-TDT||Cd. Delicias, Chih.
Cd. Camargo, Chih.
|33||5||XHJUB-TDT||Cd. Juárez, Chih.||200 kW||Radio Televisión|
|24||5||XHCHZ-TDT||Chihuahua, Chih.||47 kW||Radio Televisión|
|31||5||XHGC-TDT||Mexico City (Pico Tres Padres, Mex)||270 kW||Radio Televisión|
|27||5||XHCHW-TDT||Ciudad Acuña, Coah.||50 kW||Radio Televisión|
|29||5||XHNOH-TDT||Nueva Rosita, Coah.||42 kW||Radio Televisión|
|29||5||XHMLC-TDT||Monclova, Coah.||50 kW||Radio Televisión|
|31||5||XHPNH-TDT||Piedras Negras, Coah.||43 kW||Radio Televisión|
|20||5||XHSTC-TDT||Saltillo, Coah.||45 kW||Radio Televisión|
|35||5||XELN-TDT||Torreón, Coah.||150 kW||Radio Televisión|
Manzanillo, Col. (RF 14)
Cd. Guzmán, Jal.
|21||5||XHDUH-TDT||Durango, Dgo.||94 kW||Radio Televisión|
Lagos de Moreno, Jal.
|23||5||XHAL-TDT||Acapulco, Gro.||15 kW||Radio Televisión|
|34||5||XHCHN-TDT||Chilpancingo, Gro.||50 kW||Radio Televisión|
|31||5||XHIGN-TDT||Iguala, Gro.||43 kW||Radio Televisión|
|28||5||XHIXG-TDT||Ixtapa and Zihuatanejo, Gro.||40 kW||Radio Televisión|
|19||5||XHATU-TDT||Atotonilco El Alto, Jal.||24 kW||Radio Televisión|
|23||5||XHAUM-TDT||Autlán de Navarro, Jal.||43 kW||Radio Televisión|
|22||5||XHGUE-TDT||Guadalajara, Jal.||150 kW||Radio Televisión|
|35||5||XHPVE-TDT||Puerto Vallarta, Jal.||33 kW||Radio Televisión|
Tejupilco de Hidalgo, Mex.
Pachuca, Hgo. (RF 43)
San Martín Texmelucan, Pue.
|36||5||XHTOK-TDT||Toluca/Jocotitlán, Mex.||280 kW||Radio Televisión|
|21||5||XHAPZ-TDT||Apatzingán, Mich.||47 kW||Radio Televisión|
|33||5||XHLAC-TDT||Lazaro Cárdenas, Mich.||25 kW||Radio Televisión|
|29||5||XHMOW-TDT||Cerro Burro, Mich.||338 kW||Radio Televisión|
|18||5||XHFX-TDT||Morelia, Mich.||47.2 kW||Radio Televisión|
|25||5||XHZAM-TDT||Zamora, Mich.||32 kW||Radio Televisión|
|33||5||XHTFL-TDT||Tepic, Nay.||55 kW||Radio Televisión|
|31||5||XET-TDT||Monterrey, NL||200 kW||Radio Televisión|
|19||5||XHHHN-TDT||Huajuapan de León, Oax.
|35||5||XHIH-TDT||Cerro Palma Sola, Oax.||76 kW||Radio Televisión|
|34||5||XHOXO-TDT||Oaxaca, Oax.||97 kW||Radio Televisión|
|34||5||XHPIX-TDT||Pinotepa Nacional, Oax.||46 kW||Radio Televisión|
|29||5||XEZ-TDT||Querétaro, Qro. (Cerro El Zamorano)
Cerro El Cimatario, Qro.
San Miguel de Allende, Gto.
|27||5||XHQRO-TDT||Cancún, Q. Roo
Playa del Carmen, Q. Roo
|29||5||XHCQR-TDT||Chetumal, Q. Roo||28 kW||Radio Televisión|
|30||5||XHVST-TDT||Ciudad Valles, SLP||18 kW||Radio Televisión|
|34||5||XHSLT-TDT||San Luis Potosí, SLP||210 kW||Radio Televisión|
|24||5||XHCUI-TDT||Culiacán, Sin.||155 kW||Radio Televisión|
|29||5||XHLMI-TDT||Los Mochis, Sin.||110 kW||Radio Televisión|
|28||5||XHMAF-TDT||Mazatlán, Sin.||118 kW||Radio Televisión|
|17||5||XHCBO-TDT||Caborca, Son.||37 kW||Radio Televisión|
|36||5||XHCDO-TDT||Ciudad Obregón, Son.||200 kW||Radio Televisión|
|29||5||XHGUY-TDT||Guaymas, Son.||46 kW||Radio Televisión|
|29||5||XHHMS-TDT||Hermosillo, Son.||100 kW||Radio Televisión|
|26||5||XHNON-TDT||Nogales, Son.||35 kW||Radio Televisión|
|32||5||XHVIZ-TDT||Villahermosa, Tab.||125 kW||Televimex|
|22||5||XHCMU-TDT||Ciudad Mante, Tamps.||27 kW||Radio Televisión|
|36||5||XHUT-TDT||Ciudad Victoria, Tamps.||80 kW||Radio Televisión|
|28||2.2||XHTAM-TDT||Matamoros, Tamps.||250 kW||Televimex|
|25||5||XHBR-TDT||Nuevo Laredo, Tamps.||200 kW||Radio Televisión|
|15||5||XHD-TDT||Tampico, Tamps.||180 kW||Radio Televisión|
|27||5||XHCOV-TDT||Coatzacoalcos, Ver.||60 kW||Radio Televisión|
San Andrés Tuxtla (RF 39)
|35||5||XHMEN-TDT||Mérida, Yuc.||125 kW||Radio Televisión|
|23||5||XHSMZ-TDT||Sombrerete, Zac.||32 kW||Radio Televisión|
|17||5||XHBQ-TDT||Zacatecas, Zac.||130 kW||Radio Televisión|
- Post, The Mazatlan (2020-04-02). "Mexico's Channel 5 bizarre videos on Twitter draw attention". The Mazatlán Post. Retrieved 2020-06-08.
- Instituto Federal de Telecomunicaciones. Infraestructura de Estaciones de TDT. Last modified 2018-05-16. Retrieved 2017-01-29. Technical information from the IFT Coverage Viewer.
- Instituto Federal de Telecomunicaciones. Listado de Canales Virtuales. Last modified 26 February 2021. Retrieved 2018-10-14.
- "RPC: Shadow XHAG Calvillo" (PDF). ift.org.mx. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
- RPC: Shadow XHAG Jalpa[permanent dead link]
- "RPC: Shadow XHAG Nochistlán" (PDF). ift.org.mx. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
- "RPC: Shadow XHCC Manzanillo on RF 14" (PDF). ift.org.mx. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
- "RPC: Shadow XHCC Cd. Guzmán" (PDF). ift.org.mx. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
- "RPC: Shadow XEX Tejupilco" (PDF). ift.org.mx. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
- "RPC: Shadow XEX Tenancingo" (PDF). ift.org.mx. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
- "RPC: Shadow XEX Taxco" (PDF). ift.org.mx. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
- "RPC: Shadow XEX Cuernavaca" (PDF). ift.org.mx. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
- "RPC: Shadow XEX San Martín Texmelucan" (PDF). ift.org.mx. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
- "RPC: Shadow XEX Tlaxcala" (PDF). ift.org.mx. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
- "RPC: Shadow XHHHN Tehuacán, Pue" (PDF). ift.org.mx. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
- "RPC: Shadow XHQRO Playa del Carmen" (PDF). ift.org.mx. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
- "RPC: Change of frequency for XHCDO-TDT" (PDF). ift.org.mx. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
- "RPC: Shadow XHAJ Nogales" (PDF). ift.org.mx. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
- "RPC: Shadow XHAJ Orizaba" (PDF). ift.org.mx. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
- "RPC: Shadow XHAJ San Andrés Tuxtla (RF 39)" (PDF). ift.org.mx. Retrieved 5 April 2018.