Albinegros de Orizaba
Club Deportivo Albinegros de Orizaba was a football club of the city of Orizaba, in the state of Veracruz. Founded in 1898 as "Orizaba Athletic Club", it was founded by Scottish migrant Duncan Mac Comish Mac Donald who owned a local steel company. In the beginning, the club hosted cricket among other sports.
|Full name||Club Deportivo Albinegros de Orizaba|
|Nickname(s)||Los Albinegros (The White-and-Blacks)|
|Dissolved||18 December 2019|
The club had the honour of being Mexico's first ever football champion in 1903 when the club played in the old Primera Fuerza. The club was among the first other to play in the Primera División de México in 1943 which was the first ever professional league in the nation history. The club has been playing in the Liga de Ascenso since 2009 after spending a few years playing in the Segunda División. After playing in their home stadium Estadio Socum for the first six months after their returning to the Liga de Ascenso in the first half of 2009, the team had to play most of their home matches in the seasons 2009-10 and 2010–11 in the Estadio Luis de la Fuente in the city of Veracruz, sharing it with Tiburones Rojos de Veracruz because Estadio Socum was not accepted anymore to be host of second-division games. Since the 2011–12 season they are playing in the Segunda División Profesional, between 2011 and 2018 in their own stadium, since February 2018, they moved again to the Luis "Pirata" Fuente because the team management had commercial disagreements with the company that owns the Estadio Socum.
In the 1880s numerous immigrants from all over Europe were coming into the port of Veracruz and spreading around the state's cities. Many companies were founded in those years, mostly steel and fabric companies. Immigrants brought along a new sport from Europe which they started teaching the locals and would go on to sponsor clubs made up by its workers to represent the company in friendly matches that started off in the early 1890s. Some important factories were Santa Gertrudis Fábrica de Yute, which was founded and owned by Scottish Duncan Mac Comish Mac Donald and Thomas Hanghey, who had a long football background and so they decided along with other local factory owners to establish a local football league in 1886, having the first game played in the old "Campo El Yute".
The "Orizaba Athletic Club" was founded in 1898 as a sports club where cricket (among other sports) could be practiced. The club was founded by Comish Mac Donald, who owned a local steel company. A few years later, Comish Mac Donald and Thomas Hanghey, along with English Percy C. Clifford (a pioneer in the sport in Mexico City) decided to form a semi-professional league that would include clubs from the capital and from the provinces.
In 1902 the "Liga Mexicana de Football Amateur Association", also known as Primera Fuerza, was founded with 5 clubs Pachuca A.C, Mexico Cricket Club, Reforma AC and British Club. The league finished its first year successful with Orizaba crowning the first champion in Mexico's history. Right after the tournament ended there were internal problems with the club, and as a result, Orizaba decided to leave the league.
1902 League standingsEdit
1902 Championship year 
After this year the club folded and would not return till 1916
Club's second stayEdit
The club returned to action in 1916, this time in a local league Liga Amateur de Veracruz, and changed its name to "U-29", which represented a German submarine that fought in the World War I. The club decided to change its name again because local native fell to identified themselves with the club. So on 17 June 1916 the club switched to "Asociación Deportiva Orizabeña" or simply known as "A.D.O.". A local Spanish immigrant, Isidro Palou, came up with the name which was chosen over other names "Orizaba Sporting Club" and "Club Deportivo de Fútbol". And so that same year the club took part in the local league with new board of directors Ernesto Arzamendi, Mario Ojeda, Rafael Portas, Eduardo Ruiz, José Powel, Rafael Romero, José Sosa, Jurado y Carlos Namur.
In 1921 the club is once again invited to take part of a special tournament played in Mexico City to commemorate the nation's 100-year Independence anniversary. The club along with local clubs Veracruz Sporting Club and Iberia de Córdoba head down to Mexico City to face the clubs from Mexico City. The 3 local clubs fail to advance to the knockout round the eventual champion was Real Club España over Asturias F.C.. After this tournament the Primera Fuerza league took a year off and when activity resume in 1922 the league decided to allow only clubs from Mexico City to participate and so clubs A.D.O., Veracruz Sporting Club and Iberia de Córdoba from Veracruz return to their league as did Pachuca A.C who return to play in an amateur league in the state of Hidalgo.
1929 Torneo VeracruzanoEdit
In 1929 the state of Veracruz decide to hold its own national Tournament inviting clubs Deportivo Toluca F.C., Pachuca A.C, Irapuato FC and clubs from Jalisco and Guanajuato among local clubs Veracruz Sporting Club and Iberia de Córdoba. A.D.O. would reach the final and face off against a club from Mexico City made up of players from various clubs from the Primera Fuerza League. The club managed to win the first and only such tournament held in Veracruz. The club was composed of players like Mr. Neto, "Pepón" Martínez, Roberto Guzmán, Abel Papicha Solar, Otto Neumayer, Marín El Mefisto and brothers Mario and José Campos, with goalkeeper Ernesto Herrera.
In 1943 along with newly founded club Tiburones Rojos de Veracruz which was formed from the merger of Veracruz Sporting Club and Iberia de Córdoba and with town rival Moctezuma de Orizaba, were invited to play in the newly form Professionalized league in Mexico. The club lost its first Match against Club América in October 1943 with a score of 6–1. The club went on to lose its second game against Jalisco powerhouse C.D. Guadalajara 5–1. The club managed to win its first league match against Club Atlas on 4 November of that same year with a score of 9–2. The club finished 9th overall. The following year under the club finished 7th to last under the management of John Hogg, a legend in the institution who was part of the 1902–03 championship. In the 1946–47 tournament the club finished second to last tied with San Sebastián, manager John Hogg left the club that year due to health problems.
In the 1947–48 tournament, another legend in the institution, Byron Kennell (who had also been part of that 1902–03 championship squad) took over as manager. That year the team finished 5°. The following year, still with Kennell as manager, the club remains among the 10 best placed. After the 1948–49 tournament Albinegros suffered internal problems which caused the club to fold for the second time in its history having played 6 years in the Mexican Primera División.
Mexican Primera División statsEdit
From 1943 to 1949 After the 1948–49 season, A.D.O. folded .
In 1959 the club made his returns to action under the name of "Orizaba F.C." enrolling in the Segunda División de México (the second division) where the team played until the end of the 1960s. Subsecquently the club would be relegated to the Tercera División de México and won the tournament in the 1971–72 season under the management of Miguel Ángel Lujan Mata. But the club was once again folding due to lack of fan support and economical problems.
The club made another comeback in 2002 after the owner of Club Bachilleres de Guadalajara moved the club to Orizaba, this time under the name of Albinegros de Orizaba. The club also had an affiliate club in the second division. In 2002, the club became affiliated with first division club Pumas U.N.A.M. After having a bad year in the Primera A, the owner sold the club and relocated to Yucatán where it played under the name Lagartos de Tabasco, remaining the only affiliate second division team which remains as the city's club. The club played in the Segunda División de México until 2008, when the owner bought local club Tiburones Rojos de Coatzacoalcos who at the time played in the Primera A.The club has been playing in the reformed Liga de Ascenso between 2009 and 2011.
After the serious financial problems of its rival from the same state, Tiburones Rojos de Veracruz, the teams were unified with Albinegros disappearing and Veracruz continuing in the Liga de Ascenso. As a tribute, Veracruz away kit is black and white, the characteristic colors of Albinegros de Orizaba.
However, later, Veracruz converted the second team into Albinegros de Orizaba to recover his identity. Until 2017, Albinegros competed in the Liga Premier de Ascenso. In the same year, the team was relegated to Serie B de México due to lack of adequate sports facilities, in the Clausura 2018, Orizaba won the championship. For the 2018–19 season, the team returned to Serie A.
On 18 December 2019. Orizaba was dissolved due to the disaffiliation of Veracruz. Orizaba was the Veracruz reserve team and was registered with the same legal name as Veracruz.
Liga de ascenso stats 
- First kit evolution
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
- Clausura 2018
- Tercera División (1)
- "¡ADIÓS A ORIZABA SIN INTERVENCIÓN!". Liga Premier Magazine (in Spanish). 19 December 2019. Retrieved 19 December 2019.
- "www.rsssf.coms Stats: All time Standings list from 1902". Archived from the original on 2 April 2015.
- Fong, Eric (21 April 2020). "ADO, el equipo con nombre de autobuses que se comenzó llamando como un submarino". Mediotiempo.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 25 July 2020.
- "The teams of Segunda División de México from 1950-51 till 1993-94". Archived from the original on 29 January 2013. Retrieved 19 January 2011.
- http://www.xeudeportes.com.mx/nota.cfm?id=315171 (Spanish)
- "Liga De Ascenso Stats".