Busan IPark

Busan IPark (Korean: 부산 아이파크) is a South Korean professional football club based in Busan, South Korea that will compete in K League 1 after being promoted from 2019 K League 2. Its current home ground is Busan Gudeok Stadium. The club was one of the original five members of the K League and continuously competed in the first division from 1983 to 2015, when they were relegated. Initially, the club was simply called Daewoo in reference to the company that originally owned and financed it. Today they receive financial backing from the HDC Group.

Busan IPark
Logo
Full nameBusan IPark Football Club
부산 아이파크 축구단
Nickname(s)Busan Park Royals
Founded1983; 37 years ago (1983) (as Daewoo Royals)
GroundBusan Gudeok Stadium
Capacity12,349
OwnerHDC Group
ChairmanChung Mong-gyu
ManagerCho Deok-je
LeagueK League 1
2019K League 2, 2nd
(promoted via play-offs)
WebsiteClub website

HistoryEdit

Daewoo Royals

After being at the top of the league for most of the 1983 season, Daewoo finished second in its league debut conceding the title to Hallelujah FC by a single point after a goalless draw against Yukong Elephants (now known as Jeju United FC) in the Masan Series. In its sophomore season, the club turned professional, renamed itself as Daewoo Royals, and clinched its first league title after defeating Yukong Elephants by an aggregate score of 2–1 in the 1984 K-League Championship playoff. The Royals reached the playoff after winning the second round of a league which now included the likes of Lucky-Goldstar Hwangso (now known as FC Seoul) and Hyundai Horang-i (now known as Ulsan Hyundai).

Daewoo Royals headed into 1986 K-League season as continental champions after clinching the 1985–86 Asian Club Championship, becoming the first Korean side to accomplish this feat, on January 29, 1986 defeating Al-Ahli 3–1 in extra time in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Despite continental success, the team suffered a dismal season and failed to reach the 1986 K-League Championship playoff after finishing fourth in the first round of the league and third in the second.

The Royals clinched their second league title after finishing at the top of the league with 46 points in the 1987 season. The Royals recaptured the league title in 1991 (making it their third) finishing ten points ahead of their closest competitor that season, Hyundai Horang-i. The Royals' momentum did not last as the club struggled in the ensuing seasons finishing at or near the bottom of the league.

Pusan Daewoo Royals

At the end of 1995 season, K-League sides began the process of "localizing", and the club became known as Pusan Daewoo Royals (Korean: 부산 대우 로얄즈) in reference to its city of residence. In 1997, Pusan Daewoo Royals lifted its fourth league title becoming the first team to have won the K-League Championship four times. The Royals were also the first team to have won the league twice (in 1987) and thrice (in 1991).

Although the 1998 season marked the emergence of an exciting young forward named Ahn Jung-Hwan, the Royals finished mid-table. The club did however manage to qualify for the 1999 K-League Championship playoffs after placing fourth in regular season. During the playoffs, the Royals managed to knock out Chunnam Dragons and Bucheon SK to secure the right to face defending champions, Suwon Samsung Bluewings, a club which was at the pinnacle of its meteoric rise.

Busan i.cons

As a company-owned club, the Royals' success was invariably linked to the health and success of its owner, Daewoo corporation. In the late 1990s, the company began to suffer from major financial difficulties and parted ways with its once successful sports franchise. IPark Construction, the domestic construction division of Hyundai, secured ownership of the club acquiring all its past history and records. The new owners not only renamed the club as Busan i.cons ("con's" refers to construction; Korean: 부산 아이콘스), but also changed the club's home colors from blue to red and moved it from Busan Gudeok Stadium to Busan Asiad Stadium.

Under new ownership, the club seldom challenged for the title finishing mid-table or toward the bottom of the league in the 2000s. Aside from winning the FA Cup for the first time in the club's history in 2004 under the guidance of Scottish manager Ian Porterfield (defeating Bucheon SK in a penalty shootout), the trophy cabinet remained largely empty.

Busan IPark

On the onset of the 2005 season, the owners changed the club's name to Busan I'Park (currently Busan IPark). After winning the first round, Porterfield's Busan side reached the 2005 K-League Championship play-offs, but lost to a traditionally lightweight, but then-inspired Incheon United side led by Chang Woe-ryong.

For the 2008 season, Hwang Sun-hong took over as manager. Although Busan did not win any silverware during his tenure, he did manage to bring in players such as Kim Chang-soo, Jeong Shung-hoon, Yang Dong-hyun and Kim Geun-chul while injecting the team with much needed youth by giving prospects such as Han Sang-woon, Park Hee-do, and Park Jong-woo first team opportunities. In his final season in charge of Busan, Hwang managed to lead his side to the 2010 Korean FA Cup Final.

For the 2011 season, the board appointed An Ik-soo to take over from Hwang Sun-Hong who had left to manage his former club, Pohang Steelers. Under An, Busan managed to reach the playoffs for the first time since 2005 after finishing fifth on the league table in the regular season. An's Busan side was knocked out in the first round of the play-offs by Suwon Samsung Bluewings by a familiar scoreline of 1–0.

In February 2012, an adjustment was made to the club's name by dropping an apostrophe making the official name read Busan IPark.

In 2015, after 9 successive bottom-half finishes, Busan IPark were relegated to the K League Challenge for the first time in their history.

Towards the end of the 2016 season, with an immediate return to the K League Classic looking unlikely, IPark moved back to their smaller, previous home ground, the Gudeok Stadium.

Busan IPark had an impressive 2017 season, although this was overshadowed by the death of then-manager Cho Jin-ho with only two weeks remaining in the season. Busan finished runners up in the K League Challenge to Gyeongnam FC, losing only 6 games all season. With caretaker manager, Lee Seung-yub in charge, Busan defeated Asan Mugunghaw FC, in the playoff semi-final, but lost on penalties after a two-legged final to Sangju Sangmu FC, who became the first K League Classic team to retain their league status via the playoffs. Busan also reached the final of the FA Cup, knocking out higher league opposition in Pohang Steelers, FC Seoul, Jeonnam Dragons and Suwon Bluewings but once again lost over a two-legged final, this time to Ulsan Hyundai.

For the 2018 season in the newly re-branded K League 2, Choi Yun-kyum was appointed manager after previously gaining promotion with Gangwon FC. Busan IPark eventually finished 3rd in the K League 2, but for the second consecutive season lost in the two legged playoff final, this time losing to FC Seoul. Despite again failing in their promotion bid, Busan broke numerous attendance records for the K League 2, including over 10,000[1] for the home leg of the playoff final. After failing to get promoted, manager Choi Yun-kyum resigned in the off-season and was replaced by Cho Deok-je.

Busan enjoyed a successful 2019 season, with Cho Deok-jae implementing an attacking brand of football that saw Busan finish as the top-scoring team in the division. Cho's side were built around young talents such as Kim Moon-hwan, Lee Dong-jun, and Kim Jin-kyu, as well as national team striker Lee Jung-hyup, veteran midfielder Park Jong-woo, and Brazilian playmaker Rômulo. Busan IPark finished second in the K League 2 behind Gwangju FC, entering the promotion playoffs for the fourth season in a row. After defeating FC Anyang 1-0 at home, Busan faced local rivals Gyeongnam FC in a two-legged final. After a goalless first leg at Busan's Gudeok Stadium, Busan won the away fixture 2-0 to secure their return to Korea's top division for the first time since 2015.

Crests and mascotsEdit

KitsEdit

Kit suppliersEdit

RecordsEdit

Season League FA Cup ACL Others
Division GP W D L GF GA GD Pts Pos.
1983 1 16 6 7 3 21 14 +7 19 2 - - -
1984 28 17 6 5 47 23 +24 59 1 - - -
1985 21 9 7 5 22 16 +6 25 3 - - -
1986 20 10 2 8 26 24 +2 22 4 - W AACC - W
1987 32 16 14 2 41 20 +21 46 1 - - -
1988 24 8 5 11 28 30 -2 21 5 - - -
1989 40 14 14 12 44 44 0 42 3 - - -
1990 30 12 11 7 30 25 +5 35 2 - - -
1991 30 17 18 5 49 32 +17 52 1 - - -
1992 30 7 14 9 26 33 -7 28 5 - - LC - 6th
1993 30 5 15 10 22 32 -10 40 6 - - LC - 3rd
1994 30 7 6 17 37 56 -19 27 6 - - LC - 3rd
1995 28 9 5 14 30 40 -10 32 5 - - LC - 3rd
1996 32 9 9 14 45 51 -6 36 6 QF - LC - 3rd
1997 18 11 4 3 24 9 +15 37 1 1R - LC(A) - W
LC(P) - W
1998 18 6 4 8 27 22 +5 25 5 QF - LC(A) - GS
LC(P) - W
1999 27 10 4 13 37 36 +1 37 2[a] Ro16 QF LC(A) - PR
LC(D) - RU
2000 27 9 2 16 42 42 0 29 6 SF - LC(A) - QF
LC(D) - GS
2001 27 10 11 6 38 33 +5 41 5 QF - LC - RU
2002 27 6 8 13 36 45 -9 26 9 QF - LC - GS
2003 44 13 10 21 41 71 -30 49 9 Ro32 - -
2004 24 6 12 6 21 19 +2 30 7 W - LC - 13th
2005 24 7 7 10 28 31 -3 28 10 Ro32 SF LC - 13th
SC - RU
2006 26 9 7 10 40 42 -2 34 8 Ro16 - LC - 10th
2007 26 4 8 14 20 39 -19 20 13 QF - LC - GS
2008 26 5 7 14 30 39 -9 22 12 Ro16 - LC - QF
2009 28 7 8 13 36 42 -6 29 12 Ro16 - LC - RU
2010 28 8 9 11 36 37 -1 33 8 RU - LC - QF
2011 30 13 7 10 49 43 +6 46 6[b] QF - LC - RU
2012 44 13 14 17 40 51 -11 53 7 Ro32 - -
2013 38 14 10 14 43 41 +2 52 6 SF - -
2014 38 10 13 15 37 49 -12 43 8 QF - -
2015 38 5 11 22 30 55 -25 26 11↓ Ro32 - -
2016 2 40 19 7 14 52 39 +13 64 5 Ro16 - -
2017 36 19 11 6 52 30 +22 68 2 RU - -
2018 36 14 14 8 53 35 +18 56 3 Ro16 - -
2019 36 18 13 5 72 47 +25 67 2↑ 3R - -
2020 1
  1. ^ 4th in League, 2nd in Play-off
  2. ^ 5th in League, 6th in Play-off
Key
  • W = Winner
  • RU = Runners-up
  • SF = Semi-Final
  • QF = Quarter-final
  • Ro16 = Round of 16
  • Ro32 = Round of 32
  • GS = Group Stage
  • PR = Preliminary Round

HonoursEdit

Domestic competitionsEdit

LeagueEdit

Winners (4): 1984, 1987, 1991, 1997
Runners-up (3): 1983, 1990, 1999
Runners-up (2): 2017, 2019
Winners (1): 1981 Spring

CupsEdit

ProfessionalEdit
Winners (1): 2004
Runners-up (2): 2010, 2017
Winners (3): 1997, 1997s, 1998s
Runners-up (5): 1986, 1999s, 2001, 2009, 2011
Winners (2): 1989, 1990
Runners-up (1): 1988
Semi-professionalEdit
Runners-up (1): 1981

International competitionsEdit

AsianEdit

Winners (1): 1985–86

WorldwideEdit

Winners (1): 1986

FriendlyEdit

Winners (1): 2013
Winners (1): 2012
Runners-up (2): 2004, 2005

Club name historyEdit

Club Name Period
Saehan Motors FC Dec 22, 1979–80
Daewoo FC 1980–83
Daewoo Royals 1984–95
Pusan Daewoo Royals 1996–99
Pusan i.cons 2000 – July 2
Busan I'Cons July 2002–04
Busan I'Park 2005–11
Busan IPark 2012–present

Current squadEdit

As of 25 March 2020

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1   GK Kim Ho-jun
3   DF Park Joon-gang
4   DF Kang Min-soo
5   DF Dostonbek Tursunov
6   DF Kim Dong-woo
7   FW Kim Byung-oh
8   MF Park Jong-woo
9   FW Gustavo Vintecinco
10   MF Rômulo
11   MF Lee Dong-jun
13   FW Kwon Yong-hyun
14   MF Kim Jeong-hyun (footballer, born 1993)
15   DF Kim Myoung-jun
17   DF Yun Suk-young
18   FW Lee Jung-hyup
19   DF Lee Ji-min
No. Position Player
20   FW Jung Sung-min
21   GK Choi Pil-soo
22   FW Han Ji-ho
23   MF Kim Jin-kyu
24   MF Lee Kyu-seong
25   GK Kim Jung-ho
26   FW Lee Sang-jun
27   DF Park Kyung-min
28   MF Lee Ji-seung
30   MF Kwon Hyeok-kyu
32   FW Park Kwan-woo
33   DF Kim Moon-hwan
35   DF Park Ho-young
40   FW Jonatan Reis
44   MF Seong Ho-young
45   DF Hwang Joon-ho
67   FW Lee Dong-gyu

Out on loanEdit

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
  MF Han Joon-kyu (to Cheongju City FC)
No. Position Player
  DF Lee Chung-woong (to Siheung Citizen FC)

Retired number(s)Edit

12Club Supporters (the 12th Man)

16  Kim Joo-sung, 1987–92 (winger, attacking midfielder), 1994–99 (centre back)

StaffEdit

Coaching Staff

  • Manager: Cho Deok-je
  • Assistant Manager: Jin Kyung-sun, Lee Ki-hyung
  • Goalkeeper Coach: Kim Ji-woon
  • Fitness Coach: Lee Gue-sung
  • Trainer: Kim Min-cheol, Park Hae-il
  • Team Doctor: Kim Myeong-jun, Kim Ho-jun, Park Gi-baek, Park Jeong-hyeong

Academy Staff

  • U-18 Head Coach: Park Hyung-joo
  • U-18 Coach: Choi Kwang-hee
  • U-15 Head Coach: Jung Soo-jin
  • U-15 Coach: Jung Seung-hwa
  • U-12 Head Coach: Lee Kyu-ho
  • U-12 Coach: Ko Moo-hyeok

ManagersEdit

# Name From To Season Won Drawn Lost Notes
  Lee Jong-hwan 1979/11/22 1980/??/??
1   Chang Woon-soo 1981/01/?? 1983/10/18 1983 6 7 3
2   Cho Yoon-ok 1983/10/18 1984/06/20 1984 4 1 3
3   Chang Woon-soo 1984/06/21 1986/12/06 1984–86 39 16 22
4   Lee Cha-man 1986/12/07 1989/12/?? 1987–89 38 33 25
C   Kim Hee-tae 1989/04/?? 1989/12/?? 1989
5   Frank Engel 1989/12/21 1990/11/?? 1990 12 11 7
6   Bertalan Bicskei 1990/11/17 1991/11/15 1991 17 18 5 Died in 2011
7   Lee Cha-man 1992/01/01 1992/09/23 1992 4 13 9
C   Cho Kwang-rae 1992/09/25 1992/12/23 1992 17 29 21
8 1992/12/24 1994/06/21 1993–94
C   Chung Hae-won 1994/06/21 1994/09/07 1994 1 1 7
9   Kim Hee-tae 1994/09/08 1995/08/03 1994–95 11 6 13
C   Shin Woo-sung 1995/08/04 1995/12/31 1995 4 2 8
10   Dragoslav Šekularac 1996/01/04 1996/07/14 1996 7 6 10
C   Kim Tae-soo 1996/07/15 1996/12/25 1996 5 6 6
11   Lee Cha-man 1996/12/26 1999/06/09 1997–99 46 19 22
C   Shin Yoon-ki 1999/06/10 1999/09/08 1999 6 3 8
C   Chang Woe-ryong 1999/09/14 1999/12/17 1999 8 0 5
12   Kim Ho-gon 2000/02/23 2002/11/05 2000–02 37 31 38
C   Park Kyung-hoon 2002/11/05 2002/11/20 2002 0 0 4
13   Ian Porterfield 2002/11/21 2006/04/03 2003–06 30 40 53
C   Kim Pan-gon 2006/04/03 2006/08/22 2006 8 3 9
14   Andy Egli 2006/07/25 2007/06/30 2006–07 9 12 15
C   Kim Pan-gon 2007/06/30 2007/07/17 2007 0 0 0
15   Park Sung-hwa 2007/07/18 2007/08/03 2007 0 0 0
C   Kim Pan-gon 2007/08/03 2007/12/03 2007 2 4 7
16   Hwang Sun-hong 2007/12/04 2010/11/05 2008–10 33 29 46
17   An Ik-soo 2010/11/10 2012/12/14 2011–12 32 21 30
18   Yoon Sung-hyo 2012/12/18 2015/07/13 2013–15 28 28 42
C   Denis Iwamura 2015/07/13 2015/10/07 2015 1 4 6
19   Choi Young-jun 2015/10/07 2016/11/04 2015–16
20   Cho Jin-ho 2016/12/06 2017/10/10 2017 17 10 6
  • Died on 10 October 2017.
C   Lee Seung-yub 2017/10/10 2017/12/03 2017 2 1 0
21   Choi Yun-kyum 2017/12/11 2018/12/11 2018 14 14 8
22   Cho Deok-je 2018/12/18 Present 2019 / / /

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "K LEAGUE / K리그". www.kleague.com. Retrieved 2018-12-10.
  2. ^ Upon its formation in 1983, the K League became the top tier of Korean football; the Korea Football League (officially, the Korean National Semi-Professional Football League) then became the second tier. The Korea Football League is now known as the National League.

External linksEdit