Persebaya (abbreviation for Perserikatan Sepakbola Surabaya, literally translated to Football Association of Surabaya), is an Indonesian professional football team based in Surabaya, East Java. It plays in Liga 1, the top level of the Indonesian football league system.
|Full name||Persatuan Sepakbola Surabaya``|
|Short name||PSBY, SBY|
|Founded||18 June 1927, as S.I.V.B|
|Ground||Gelora Bung Tomo Stadium|
|Manager||Bejo Sugiantoro (caretaker)|
|2018||Liga 1, 5th|
The club was founded on June 18, 1927 under the name of the Soerabhaisasche Indonesische Voetbal Bond (SIVB). Paijo and M. Pamoedji, the founders of SIVB, intend to make this bond to house indigenous players.
Previously, in 1910, stood Sorabaiasche Voetbal Bond (SVB). But, this bond was established to be a representation of the Dutch community living in Surabaya. This club also had closeness with the Dutch East Indies government.
Both of them clearly have different policies. SIVB, which consists of indigenous people, was actively involved in the Indonesian independence movement.
Together with VIJ Jakarta (now Persija), BIVB Bandung (Persib), MIVB Magelang (PPSM), MVB Madiun (PSM), VVB Solo (Persis), and PSIM Yogyakarta, seven clubs initiated the formation of the Indonesian Football Association (PSSI, said new football was used starting in the 1950 congress in Solo) on April 19, 1930 in Yogyakarta.
PSSI then held a member club competition since 1931. But, then the vacuum began in 1943 after the Japanese occupation in Indonesia limited the movement of the organization. In 1943 SIVB also changed its name to Persibaya.
Whereas SVB competes in the competition held by the Nederlandsch Indische Voetbal Bond (NIVB). NIVB was later renamed the Netherlands Indische Voetball Unie) because the colonial government thought NIVB was no longer able to match the PSSI.
Persebaya is Not Only SIVB
After Indonesia's independence the map of football also changed. PSSI is not necessarily the only federation after Sukarno plotted Indonesian independence.
During the Republic of Indonesia (RIS), NIVU was still operating. They held the Indonesia State Football Association / Voetbal Union Verenigde Staten van Indonesie competition (ISNIS / VUVSI). The participants were clubs that existed during the Dutch East Indies administration, including the VBO Jakarta (VIJ Jakarta / Persija competitors as PSSI members), VBBO Bandung (Persib competitors), VSO Semarang (PSIS competitors) and SVB (Persibaya competitors).
At two times in 1949 and 1950, SVB always won. SVB is one of the strong teams at NIVU, they have won the championship eleven times. Just lost to the achievement of the VBO Jakarta which won 13 titles.
PSSI then revived post-RIS which ended on August 17, 1950. Through the PSSI congress on September 2-4, 1950 in Semarang, the federation stated that it would hold the PSSI National Championship.
After the congress PSSI became the sole soccer federation in Indonesia. This forced the NIVU member club to join PSSI. The pattern of the NIVU club is a member of a club affiliated with PSSI. For example, VBO joined as a member of the Persija internal club, then VBBO, UNI Bandung, and Sidolig joined Persib, and this happened at other clubs.
It's just that there are special cases for Surabaya. SVB did not become an internal member of Persibaya but merged into it and agreed that the birth date of Persibaya was June 18, 1927, which was the date of the establishment of SIVB. Later, in 1959 the name Persibaya came into being Persebaya.
Four Titles In The Perserikatan
Post-smelting, Persebaya appeared in the PSSI National Championship which later became known as the Perserikatan. The immediate achievement was achieved, Green Force, Persebaya's nickname, managed to become the champion in the first edition of 1951 after being able to overcome the resistance of PSM Makassar, Persija Jakarta, and PSIM Yogyakarta.
The following year they managed to defend the title. This time the Ijo Bajul was able to win competition with Persija Jakarta, Persis Solo, Persib Bandung, PSMS Medan, Persema Malang, and Persipro Probolinggo.
During the Union until its last edition in 1994, Persebaya won two more titles, namely in 1978 and 1988. So there were a total of four Championship titles won by the club based in Gelora 10 November Surabaya.
In the 1978 edition of the Union, the format of the competition turned into a tournament with the title being determined through the final match. Persebaya was able to bend Persija with a score of 4-3 through goals scored by Hadi Ismanto (two goals), Rudy W. Keltjes, and Joko Malis at the Senayan stadium, Jakarta.
Persebaya again managed to win the final match against Persija in 1988 at the Senayan stadium, Jakarta, with a score of 3-2. The match lasted until the extra time round.
Although twice lost in the final against Persebaya, until the Union was held last in 1994, the Persija title was still the most. Kemayoran Tigers are able to collect nine championship titles.
The four championship titles made Persebaya collect a total of six titles at the national level. That number only lost to Persija with a total of ten championship titles, Persis and Persib with seven titles.
Persebaya plays their home matches in Gelora Bung Tomo Stadium, it replaced the older Gelora 10 November Stadium. On 23 July 2012 there has been a friendly match between Persebaya with Queens Park Rangers in Gelora Bung Tomo. On that day the match was won by Queens Park Rangers with a score of 2–1.
Persebaya had experienced controversial events several times throughout its history. When winning the 1988 Competition, Persebaya played an infamous match dubbed "elephant football" for losing on purpose to Persipura Jayapura 0–12 to eliminate their rival PSIS Semarang which, in the previous year, had shattered Persebaya's dream in the final. These tactics brought results and Persebaya won the Perserikatan in 1988 by beating Persija Jakarta 3–2.
In the 2002 Liga Indonesia Premier Division, Persebaya took action against PKT Bontang, causing them a point deduction. The incident became one of the factors which caused Persebaya's relegation to the First Division. In 2005 Liga Indonesia Premier Division, Persebaya shocked the public when they walked out in the last eight before the third match. The incident caused Persebaya's suspension from football for 2 years. After an appeal, the sentence was reduced to 16 months. However, the PSSI later ruled to only relegate Persebaya to the First Division.
In the 2009/2010 Indonesia Super League season is the beginning of dualism Persebaya Surabaya. Persebaya Surabaya (PT Persebaya Indonesia) is relegated to Divisi Utama due to forced re-match 3 times against Persik Kediri with different place in Kediri, Yogyakarta, and Palembang. In the third re-match Persebaya refused to re-match, the management did not accept and did not want to join Divisi Utama and then follow the breakaway league Liga Primer Indonesia.
So at the end of 2010, Persebaya Surabaya suffered a very bad internal turmoil which this club split into two teams. The first team along with manager elected illegally at that time, Wisnu Wardhana, still follow the Divisi Utama. Meanwhile, other teams, Persebaya under the manager Saleh Ismail Mukadar following the Liga Primer Indonesia where the team who competed in this league finally changed its name to Persebaya 1927. PT Pengelola Persebaya Indonesia lined up to be a consortium manager for PT Persebaya Indonesia. PT Pengelola Persebaya Indonesia was directed by Llano Mahardhika, a former of BLI. Although finally managed to win the Liga Primer Indonesia, but the management of PT Pengelola Persebaya Indonesia still cause polemic because of lack of socialization to supporters, although the program is very good run.
Dualism continued in 2015 when Persebaya Surabaya (PT Mitra Muda Inti Berlian) changed its name to Bonek FC and Surabaya United due to Persebaya 1927 (PT Persebaya Indonesia) won the name and logo patent suit, which automatically the legality of Persebaya Surabaya is under PT Persebaya Indonesia.
In 2016 Surabaya United merged with PS Polri and then again changed its name to Bhayangkara Surabaya United and continued following the Indonesia Soccer Championship competition. In the second half of competition exactly in May 2016, Polri (owner of PS Polri) officially bought 100% shares of Bhayangkara Surabaya United and removed the name behind the club so it is now named Bhayangkara FC. At the same month the Exco meeting held in Solo, Persebaya 1927 re-ratified as a member of PSSI and will be ratified in the outbreak in Makassar and will return to compete in Divisi Utama in 2017 season. However, at the congress of PSSI conducted in Jakarta on 10 November 2016 cancelled the approval agenda. Chairman of PSSI elected, Edy Rahmayadi promised will solve the problem of Persebaya Surabaya at the next congress in Bandung.
The supporters of Persebaya are known as Bonek (abbreviation of Bondho Nekat).
The complete sponsors are as follow.
Colours and CrestEdit
Amongst Persebaya most popular nicknames are Bajul Ijo (The Green Crocodile). From the foundation of the club, the common home kit includes a green shirt, green or white shorts, and white socks. green and white colours are also seen in the crest. The away kit of the club is associated with a white or black background.
- As of 20 July 2019
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Head Coach historyEdit
Head Coach by years (1987–present)
|Perserikatan/Liga Indonesia/Liga 1||6||1951, 1952, 1978, 1988, 1996-97, 2004|
|Liga Indonesia First Division/Liga 2||3||2003, 2006, 2017|
- "Persebaya Surabaya Berencana Pindah Kandang Untuk Babak Delapan Besar ISL" (in Indonesian). Retrieved 21 December 2014.
- "Persebaya Surabaya kalah Tipis dari QPR" (in Indonesian). Retrieved 23 July 2012.
- Tempo.Co. "Persebaya Tuntut Kemenangan WO Atas Persik". tempo.co. Retrieved 25 August 2017.
- "Persik Menang WO Atas Persebaya – ANTARA News". antaranews.com. Retrieved 25 August 2017.
- "Awal Perseteruan Aremania Vs Bonek - HaloMalang.com". halomalang.com. Retrieved 25 August 2017.
- "Aremania: Sweeping Dilakukan Orang Berkaos Bonek – Arema & Aremania News Online". ongisnade.co.id. Retrieved 25 August 2017.
- "Official Sponsors PERSEBAYA 2017".
- "Daftar Pemain Persebaya Surabaya Liga 1". Retrieved 13 May 2019.
- "Persebaya Resmi Menunjuk Manajer Baru". bola.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 21 August 2018.