Persija Jakarta

Persatuan Sepakbola Indonesia Jakarta (commonly known as Persija Jakarta, literally translates to Indonesian Football Association of Jakarta), is a professional football club based in the Indonesian capital city of Jakarta. Persija Jakarta is one of the most successful football clubs in Indonesia with 2 Indonesian League titles and 9 Perserikatan titles. It has never been in a lower league since a nationwide competition started in 1930, fifteen years before Indonesia became an independent country.[5] Persija is one of the founders of the Indonesian football association PSSI, along with six other clubs. Persija's rivalry with fellow PSSI founder Persib Bandung has gone on for decades, occasionally marred by violence.[6][7]

Persija Jakarta
Persija Jakarta logo.png
Full namePersatuan Sepakbola Indonesia Jakarta
Nickname(s)Macan Kemayoran (Tiger of Kemayoran)
Founded28 November 1928; 92 years ago (1928-11-28), as Voetbalbond Indonesische Jacatra (V.I.J.)
1950; 71 years ago (1950), as Persija[1]
GroundGelora Bung Karno Stadium
Capacity77,193[2]
OwnerPT Persija Jakarta Hebat
President Director[4]Ambono Januarianto[3]
CoachSudirman
LeagueLiga 1
2019Liga 1, 10th of 18
WebsiteClub website
Current season

Active departments of
Persija Jakarta

Football pictogram.svg
Football
Football pictogram.svg
Football (Women's)
Football pictogram.svg
Football U-20 (Men's)
Football pictogram.svg
Football U-18
(Men's)
Football pictogram.svg
Football U-16
(Men's)

HistoryEdit

Foundation and early yearsEdit

Persija has roots that predate the current Indonesian state, which declared independence in 1945. Its forerunner, the Voetbalbond Indonesische Jacatra (VIJ), was formed on 28 November 1928 as a football club for indigenous residents of Jakarta when the Dutch were still colonizing the country. The name Jacatra refers to a fort on the northern coast of present-day Jakarta. VIJ, along with six other indigenous clubs, established PSSI on 19 April 1930 and won the first PSSI-authorized competition in 1931.[8][9]

Post-independenceEdit

VIJ changed its name to Persija in 1950, five years after the 1945 Indonesian independence. In mid-1951, a club with ethnic Chinese, Dutch and Eurasian players joined the rebranded outfit. As the Indonesian national football team in the 1950s heavily depended on Persija, its line-ups at that time were filled by many ethnic Chinese, Dutch and Eurasian players from the Jakarta club.[10]

Amateur years (1951-1994)Edit

After the 1945 independence, national football competitions in Indonesia centred on region-based associations of amateur clubs that received funding from the state. These associations, including Persija, played against each other in an annual tournament known as Perserikatan, which literally means union. Almost all of these associations were seen as representatives of the main ethnic group in their respective regions, flaming primordial sentiments. Multicultural Persija was the exception. Persija won six national titles in the Perserikatan years. However, its fanbase was small and less passionate compared to ethnic-based supporter groups of Persib Bandung, Persebaya Surabaya, PSM Makassar or PSMS Medan. As the Perserikatan games became popular and televised from the 1980s, the other clubs proved to be more dominant with their stronger band of supporters.

Semi-professional years (1994-2008)Edit

PSSI tried to combine the popular Perserikatan teams with the professional clubs from the Galatama league, which was struggling to attract a healthy-sized audience as the clubs did not attract primordial sentiments, into a league called Liga Indonesia. Persija, with a weak fanbase, continued its poor streak in the early years of Liga Indonesia until former army general Sutiyoso was appointed as governor of Jakarta in 1997 amid nationwide demonstrations that demanded the end of military-backed authoritarianism and the start of democratic elections at all levels.

Recognizing that he must win support to secure another term, Sutiyoso used Persija as an outreach vehicle. In 1997, Sutiyoso rebranded Persija with a different colour. Orange replaced red to stress Persija's tiger symbol while national players were recruited and more professional management was introduced. The governor also wielded his powers to motivate other Jakarta clubs in Liga Indonesia, including the once-successful Pelita Jaya FC, to leave the capital city. To augment the fanbase, the Jakmania supporter group was created in December 1997. The total makeover paid off with Persija winning the 2001 national title, a fanbase developing into the biggest in the country and Sutiyoso securing a second term in 2002. The flip side of this top-down approach is constant taunts from supporters of other clubs calling Persija as "anak papa" (papa's boy), which has become louder since Persija won its next national title in 2018.[11]

Professional years (2008-)Edit

The emergence of the Indonesian Super League in 2008 came amid pressure on Perserikatan teams to stop relying on the state budget and increase professional management. Persija, with the ability to attract supporters, sponsors and quality players, evolved into a well-oiled machine that performed well in different forms of competitions in Indonesia. However, it failed to win a national title in these professional years until 2018 when it championed the 2018 Liga 1. While Jakmania turned the capital city orange after the crowning, supporters of other clubs mocked the victory as engineered so that Persija could finally end its 17-year drought. These naysayers argue that PSSI influenced several decisions during the season that unfairly benefitted Persija, including the goals scored in the 9 December 2018 game that sealed the title.[12]

Controversy aside, Persija is undeniably one of Indonesia's leading clubs with a fanbase that is now considered as the biggest in Asia, according to a December 2020 survey by the Asian Football Confederation. Before the COVID-19 pandemic, Persija games could easily gather more than 50,000 people inside the stadium with thousands watching on public screens in neighbourhoods across the sprawling capital. Persija holds the record for highest attendance in a AFC Cup match when it faced with Johor Darul Ta'zim F.C. in 2018.[13]

StadiumEdit

 
Gelora Bung Karno Stadium

Persija currently plays their home matches at Gelora Bung Karno Stadium (GBK) in Central Jakarta along with the Indonesian national football team.

Before settling at the large GBK, the club used smaller stadiums in Jakarta as their home ground. For the 2017 Liga 1 and much of the 2018 Liga 1, Persija had to relocate to nearby Bekasi and use the Patriot Chandrabhaga Stadium or the Wibawa Mukti Stadium when the GBK stadium underwent renovation for the 2018 Asian Games and later used for the main venue of that multi-sports event.[14][15]

Current Jakarta governor Anies Baswedan in 2019 decided to build a new stadium for Persija in North Jakarta, which will be called the Jakarta International Stadium. The new stadium is targeted for completion by late 2021. There is pressure to name it the M.H. Thamrin Stadium as a homage to a native Jakartan hero.[16][17][18][19]

PlayersEdit

Current squadEdit

As of 22 March 2021[20]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
4 DF   BRA Yann Motta
5 DF   IDN Otávio Dutra
7 MF   IDN Ramdani Lestaluhu
9 FW   CRO Marko Šimić
10 MF   IDN Marc Klok
11 MF   IDN Novri Setiawan
13 MF   IDN Alfriyanto Nico
14 DF   IDN Ismed Sofyan (2nd captain)
15 DF   IDN Salman Alfarid
16 DF   IDN Tony Sucipto
18 GK   IDN Yoewanto Setya Beny
21 MF   IDN Sandi Sute
22 GK   IDN Risky Sudirman
No. Pos. Nation Player
25 MF   IDN Riko Simanjuntak
26 GK   IDN Andritany Ardhiyasa (captain)
28 DF   IDN Rezaldi Hehanusa
29 GK   IDN Adixi Lenzivio
32 MF     NEP Rohit Chand
46 FW   IDN Osvaldo Haay
47 DF   ITA Marco Motta
56 DF   IDN Maman Abdurrahman
61 MF   IDN Alief Ramadhian
66 DF   IDN Alfath Fathier
80 MF   IDN Braif Fatari
94 FW   IDN Heri Susanto
98 FW   IDN Taufik Hidayat

Note: The club policy lists the supporters as player number #12.

Naturalized playerEdit

Country Player
  Brazil Otávio Dutra
  Netherlands Marc Klok

Out on loanEdit

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
4 DF   IDN Ryuji Utomo (at Penang)
24 MF   IDN Resky Fandi (at Dewa United)
40 DF   IDN Al Hamra Hehanusa (at Dewa United)
41 MF   IDN Feby Eka Putra (at Arema FC)
81 MF   IDN Adrianus Dwiki (at Persela Lamongan)
99 FW   IDN Rafli Mursalim (at Dewa United)

Other players under contractEdit

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
19 FW   IDN Fajar Firdaus
33 MF   IDN Sandi Samosir
41 DF   IDN Muhammad Ferarri
No. Pos. Nation Player
45 MF   IDN Raka Cahyana
77 DF   IDN Reza Fauzan
99 GK   IDN Cahya Supriadi

PersonnelEdit

As of 24 April 2021
Coaching staff
Manager   Muhammad Araaf Sidik
Head coach   Sudirman
Assistant coach   Ferdiansyah
Assistant coach   Ilham Ralibi
Goalkeeping coach   Ahmad Fauzi

Kit ColoursEdit

 
Orange Persija home jersey from the 2000 season

Persija Jakarta's traditional colour is red, which is used for their home kit. Jakarta Governor Sutiyoso in 1997 replaced it with orange to make it in line with the tiger symbol during his rebranding drive of the club. After 19 years, Persija in 2016 decided to return to red after a long national title drought. The experiment worked as Persija championed the top-tier league in 2018. Frequently, the colour of their away jersey is white. But sometimes, players wear black in their away matches. Orange has been kept as the color of their third jersey.[21]

Period Kit Provider[22]
1970s–1990s Adidas
1998–2000 Reebok
2000–2003 Nike
2004–2007 Specs
2007–2009 Diadora
2009–2017 League
2018–2019 Specs
2020– Juara[23]

Supporters and rivalriesEdit

SupportersEdit

Persija Jakarta's supporters are called Jakmania. Founded in 1997 with orange colour as their identity, Jakmania is one of the biggest and loudest football fan groups in Indonesia. Persija's home matches could easily attract over 50,000 spectators before the COVID-19 pandemic that has led to the audience ban. They often travel to away matches, except for games against longtime rivals Persib Bandung and Persebaya Surabaya because of restrictions from the Indonesian Police in order to avoid clashes between supporter groups. A Persija supporter who dared to break the rule and travel to Bandung in September 2018 died after being beaten up by Persib Bandung fans.[24] .[25]

The Jakmania-created Persija anthem "Satu Jiwa" (One Soul) is always sung after a match.[26]

RivalriesEdit

Persija's top rival is Persib Bandung from the West Java city of Bandung, 180 km away. The two clubs have crossed paths since the early days of PSSI in the 1930s. Persija defeated Persib in the final game of the 1933 competition and repeated the feat in 1934.[27] This derby is known as the oldest Indonesian Derby. The rivalry between the two teams has become violent in the 2000s due to the growth of ultras on each side. Influenced by some media and individuals who want the rivalry to be preserved, many hostile incidents involving the two support group have occurred with seven deaths so far. In 2014, a reconciliation was held by the West Java Police to avoid future clashes, resulting in restrictions against travelling supporters. However, fans continue to break the rule and end up in violent altercations.[28][29]

The rivalry with PSM Makassar , known as the Red Perserikatan Derby, is also very emotional as it refers to the matches between two Perserikatan clubs that wear red and must change colour when they are in an away match. Persija also has rivalries with other former Perserikatan teams, especially Persebaya Surabaya and PSMS Medan.[30][31][32]

HonoursEdit

Persija supporters celebrates the winning of Liga 1 2018

Persija has won many titles, including from international tournaments, making the club as the most successful in Indonesia. Its last national title comes from the 2018 Liga 1.

Domestic
League/Division Titles
Runners-up
Seasons won Seasons runners-up
Perserikatan
9
4
1931 1933, 1934, 1938, 1953-54, 1964, 1971-73, 1973-75, 1978-79
1932, 1952, 1975-78, 1987-88
Liga Indonesia Premier Division / Liga 1
2
1
2001, 2018
2005
Domestic
Cup Competitions Titles
Runners-up
Seasons won Seasons runners-up
Piala Indonesia
0
2
2005, 2018-19
Piala Presiden Soeharto[33]
0
3
1972,[34] 1974,[35] 1976[36]
Indonesia President's Cup
1
0
2018
Menpora Cup
1
0
2021
International
Friendly Tournament Titles
Runners-up
Seasons won Seasons runners-up
Quoc Khanh Cup
1
0
1973
Brunei Invitational Cup[37]
2
0
2000,[38] 2001[39]

AFC (Asian competitions)Edit

Continental recordEdit

Season Competition Round Club Home Away Aggregate
2001-02 Asian Club Championship First round   Kashima Antlers
4–1
2018 AFC Cup Group H   Johor Darul Ta'zim 4–0 3–0 1st
  Tampines Rovers 4–1 2–4
  Sông Lam Nghệ An 1–0 0–0
Zonal semi-finals   Home United 1–3 3–2 3–6
2019 AFC Champions League Preliminary round 1   Home United
1–3
Preliminary round 2   Newcastle Jets
3–1 (a.e.t.)
AFC Cup Group G   Becamex Bình Dương 0–0 3–1 3rd
  Shan United 6–1 1–3
  Ceres Negros 2–3 1–0

AFC club rankingEdit

As of 26 February 2020.[40]
Current Rank Country Team Points
78   Al-Faisaly 17.78
79   Dhaka Abahani 16.37
80   Persija Jakarta 16.13
81   Al-Wahda 15.66
82   Bangkok United 15.17

Former CoachesEdit

After becoming professional, Persija Jakarta has been trained by a combination of foreign and local coaches. Sofyan Hadi was the first head coach who won a professional national title for Persija Jakarta in 2001 when he was also playing for the team. Brazilian Antonio Claudio also was playing in and coaching the same team, but as a fitness coach. Another Brazilian, Stefano Cugurra, led Persija to the 2018 national title.[41]

Years Name
1999–2000   Ivan Kolev
2001   Sofyan Hadi
2003   Atanas Georgiev
2004   Carlos García Cambón
2005–2006     Arcan Iurie
2006–2007   Rahmad Darmawan
2007–2008   Sergei Dubrovin
2008–2009   Danurwindo
2009–2010   Benny Dollo
2010–2011   Rahmad Darmawan
2011–2012   Iwan Setiawan
2013–2014   Benny Dollo
2014–2015   Rahmad Darmawan
2015–2016   Bambang Nurdiansyah
2016   Paulo Camargo
2016   Zein Al Hadad
2017–2018   Stefano Cugurra
2019   Ivan Kolev
2019   Julio Bañuelos
2019   Edson Tavares

Notable former playersEdit

This is the list of severals domestic and foreign former notable or famous players of Persija from time to time.

IndonesiaEdit

AsiaEdit

AfricaEdit

EuropeEdit

AmericaEdit

Further readingEdit

  • Ayati, Nur (2010). Liga Indonesia: Persija vs Persib (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Elex Media Komputindo. p. 24. ISBN 978-979-27-7425-2.[42]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Ketahui Sejarah Persija, Sebelum Nonton Pertandingannya di Liga 1". www.loket.com. Retrieved 11 October 2019.
  2. ^ "E-Booking Stadion Utama Gelora Bung Karno". gbk.id. Retrieved 1 February 2020.
  3. ^ "Digantikan Mohamad Prapanca, Ferry Paulus Tidak Lagi Menjabat Presiden Persija". Bola.com. 17 January 2020. Retrieved 2 February 2020.
  4. ^ "BOARD OF DIRECTORS: AMBONO JANURIANTO PRESIDENT DIRECTOR & CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER". bakrieland.com. Retrieved 2 February 2020.
  5. ^ "Perserikatan era under PSSI". rsssf.com. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
  6. ^ "History of PSSI". pssi.or.id. Archived from the original on 13 October 2017. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
  7. ^ https://regional.kompas.com/read/2018/09/26/06550361/7-suporter-tewas-di-balik-laga-persib-vs-persija-bobotoh-dan-jakmania-harus?page=all
  8. ^ https://persija.id/tentang-persija/
  9. ^ "Mengurai sejarah Persija Jakarta". juara.bolasport.com. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
  10. ^ https://persija.id/tentang-persija/
  11. ^ https://www.skor.id/epos-persija-jakarta-sutiyoso-bapak-evolusi-macan-kemayoran-01335079
  12. ^ https://www.bola.com/indonesia/read/3818081/2-gol-penentu-persija-juara-dinilai-kontroversial
  13. ^ https://www.the-afc.com/news/afcsection/the-search-for-asia-s-most-popular-football-club-asean
  14. ^ Liputan6.com. "Persija Berbagi Kandang dengan Bhayangkara FC". liputan6.com. Retrieved 8 November 2018.
  15. ^ "Nah! Sudah Deal, Ini Kandang Persiwa untuk Musim 2017". jpnn.com. 12 January 2017. Retrieved 15 March 2017.
  16. ^ "Pemprov DKI Bisa Bangun Stadion Kelas Dunia untuk Persija" (in Indonesian). Retrieved 6 December 2014.
  17. ^ "Pembangunan Jakarta International Stadium (JIS) Lebih Cepat dari Jadwal" (in Indonesian). Retrieved 19 December 2019.
  18. ^ "Nama M.H. Thamrin Diusulkan Menjadi Nama Stadion" (in Indonesian). 3 September 2018. Retrieved 15 December 2018.
  19. ^ https://www.wartaekonomi.co.id/read226004/anies-serius-bangun-jakarta-international-stadium-desainnya-mulai-terungkap
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  22. ^ "Jersey Persija". Ismeders14. Archived from the original on 4 February 2015. Retrieved 4 February 2015.
  23. ^ "Tanggalkan Specs, Persija Berganti Jersey ke Juara". m.detik.com. Retrieved 13 January 2020.
  24. ^ https://www.bola.com/indonesia/read/3650684/ini-daftar-suporter-persib-dan-persija-yang-tewas-sejak-2012
  25. ^ "Sejarah Terbentuknya Jak Mania". Ultras in Indonesia. Retrieved 3 January 2021.
  26. ^ Wara, Jalad (17 September 2018). "Lirik Anthem Persija Jakarta: Persija Menyatukan Kita Semua". KAMPIUN.ID. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  27. ^ "P.S.S.I. (inlandsche) Stedenwedstrijden 1930-1950". Retrieved 11 October 2014.
  28. ^ "Suporter Persib-Persija Berikrar Damai, Polisi Akan Terus Evaluasi". Retrieved 13 October 2014.
  29. ^ https://www.bola.com/indonesia/read/3650684/ini-daftar-suporter-persib-dan-persija-yang-tewas-sejak-2012
  30. ^ "Bersaing Sejak Era Perserikatan, Laga PSM versus Persija Ibarat El Clasico". Tribun Timur (in Indonesian). Retrieved 7 February 2020.
  31. ^ Bola.com (28 August 2019). "3 Duel Penting Persija Vs PSM: Rivalitas Tak Berujung Eks Juara Perserikatan". bola.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 7 February 2020.
  32. ^ Independent, Jambi. "Rekor Pertemuan PSMS vs Persija: Sejarah Panas Sejak Era Perserikatan". JAMBIINDEPENDENT.COM. Retrieved 7 February 2020.
  33. ^ "Piala Presiden Soeharto". www.rsssf.com.
  34. ^ "Piala Presiden Soeharto". www.rsssf.com.
  35. ^ "Piala Presiden Soeharto". www.rsssf.com.
  36. ^ "Piala Presiden Soeharto". www.rsssf.com.
  37. ^ "Brunei Invitational Cup". www.rsssf.com.
  38. ^ "Toyota League Champions Invitational Cup (Brunei) 2000". www.rsssf.com.
  39. ^ "Brunei Invitational Cup (Brunei) 2001". www.rsssf.com.
  40. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2 March 2020. Retrieved 30 January 2020.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  41. ^ "Sofyan Hadi" (in Indonesian). Retrieved 13 November 2017.
  42. ^ "Liga Indonesia: Persija vs Persib". Perpusnas.go.id.

External linksEdit