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Coordinates: 6°13′6.88″S 106°48′9.04″E / 6.2185778°S 106.8025111°E / -6.2185778; 106.8025111

Gelora Bung Karno Main Stadium (Indonesian: Stadion Utama Gelora Bung Karno; literally "Bung Karno Sports Arena Main Stadium"), formerly Gelora Senayan Main Stadium, is a multi-purpose stadium located at the center of the Gelora Bung Karno Sports Complex in Central Jakarta, Indonesia. The stadium is named after Sukarno, Indonesia's first President. It is mostly used for football matches.

Gelora Bung Karno Main Stadium
Stadion Utama Gelora Bung Karno
GBK, SUGBK, Stadion Utama, Stadion Senayan
GBK Main Stadium during Athletics APG2018 (1).jpg
The stadium during the 2018 Asian Para Games.
Former namesSenayan Main Stadium
(until 24 September 1962)
Gelora Senayan Main Stadium (1969–17 January 2001)
LocationGelora, Tanah Abang, Central Jakarta, Indonesia
Coordinates6°13′7″S 106°48′9″E / 6.21861°S 106.80250°E / -6.21861; 106.80250
Public transit
OwnerGovernment of Indonesia
(via Ministry of State Secretariat)
OperatorPusat Pengelolaan Komplek Gelora Bung Karno (Gelora Bung Karno Complex Management Center)
Executive suites4[1]
Capacity77,193[2]
Record attendance150,000
Persib Bandung v PSMS Medan
(23 February 1985)[3][dubious ]
Field size105 by 68 m (344 by 223 ft)
SurfaceZeon Zoysia[4]
Construction
Broke ground8 February 1960 (entire complex)
Opened21 July 1962
Renovated2016–2017
Closed2016–2018
Reopened14 January 2018
Construction cost$12,500,000 (1958, entire complex)
Rp769.69 billion (2016–2017)[5]
ArchitectFrederich Silaban
Tenants
Indonesia national football team
Persija Jakarta (2008–2016, 2018–present)[6][7]
Website
GBK.id/stadion-utama/

When first opened prior to the 1962 Asian Games, the stadium had a seating capacity of 110,000. It has been reduced twice during renovations: first to 88,306 in 2006 for the 2007 AFC Asian Cup and then to 77,193 single seats as part of renovations for the 2018 Asian Games and Asian Para Games (where it hosted the ceremonies and athletics competitions).

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
The stadium under construction, April 1962.
 
The massive roof ring structure popularly dubbed as Temu Gelang by Sukarno

Construction began on 8 February 1960 and finished on 21 July 1962,[8] in time to host the following month's Asian Games. Its construction was partially funded through a special loan from the Soviet Union. The stadium's original capacity of 110,000 people was reduced to 88,306 as a result of renovations for the 2007 AFC Asian Cup. The stadium is well-known for its ring-shaped facade, the temu gelang, which was designed to shade spectators from the sun, and increase the grandeur of the stadium.[9]

Although the stadium is popularly known as Gelora Bung Karno Stadium (Stadion Gelora Bung Karno) or GBK Stadium, its official name is Gelora Bung Karno Main Stadium (Stadion Utama Gelora Bung Karno), as there are other stadiums in the Gelora Bung Karno Sports Complex, such as the Sports Palace and the secondary stadium. It was known as Senajan (EYD: Senayan) Main Stadium from its opening through the 1962 Asiad until the complex's name was changed to Gelora Bung Karno by a Presidential Decree issued on 24 September 1962, twenty days after the games ended. During the New Order era, the complex was renamed "Gelora Senayan Complex" and the stadium was renamed "Gelora Senayan Main Stadium" in 1969 under the "de-Sukarnoization" policy by then-President Suharto. After the fall of the dictatorship, the complex name was reverted by President Abdurrahman Wahid in a decree effective since 17 January 2001.

The stadium served as the main venue of the 2018 Asian Games and 2018 Asian Para Games, hosting the ceremonies and athletics. It underwent renovations in preparation for the events; to comply with FIFA standards, all of the stadium's existing seating was replaced, including its remaining bleachers, making it an all-seater with a capacity of 76,127. The new seats are coloured in red, white, and grey—inspired by the flag of Indonesia, and access has also been improved for visitors with disabilities. A new, brighter LED lighting system was also installed, with 620 fixtures, and an RGB lighting system was installed on the stadium's facade.[10][11][12][13][14][15][16]

Events hostedEdit

 
During the 2018 Asian Games, the stadium was covered in changing colors LED lights.

GBK Stadium hosted the 2007 Asian Cup Final between Iraq and Saudi Arabia. Other competitions held there are several Tiger Cup finals and domestic cup finals.

InternationalEdit

Recent tournament resultsEdit

1979 Southeast Asian GamesEdit

Date Time (UTC+07) Team #1 Res. Team #2 Round Attendance
22 September 1979   Indonesia 3–0   Singapore Group stage N/A
23 September 1979   Thailand 1–0   Burma Group stage N/A
23 September 1979   Singapore 0–2   Malaysia Group stage N/A
23 September 1979   Indonesia 1–3   Thailand Group stage N/A
25 September 1979   Malaysia 0–0   Burma Group stage N/A
25 September 1979   Singapore 2–2   Thailand Group stage N/A
26 September 1979   Burma 1–2   Singapore Group stage N/A
26 September 1979   Indonesia 0–0   Malaysia Group stage N/A
28 September 1979   Malaysia 1–0   Thailand Group stage N/A
28 September 1979   Indonesia 2–1   Burma Group stage N/A
29 September 1979   Indonesia 0–0 (3–1 pen.)   Thailand Second place play-off N/A
30 September 1979   Indonesia 0–1   Malaysia Gold medal match 85,000

1987 Southeast Asian GamesEdit

Date Time (UTC+07) Team #1 Res. Team #2 Round Attendance
10 September 1987   Singapore 0–0   Malaysia Group stage N/A
10 September 1987   Thailand 3–1   Brunei Group stage N/A
12 September 1987   Malaysia 2–2   Burma Group stage N/A
12 September 1987   Indonesia 2–0   Brunei Group stage N/A
14 September 1987   Singapore 0–0   Burma Group stage N/A
14 September 1987   Indonesia 0–0   Thailand Group stage N/A
16 September 1987   Thailand 0–2   Malaysia Semi-finals N/A
17 September 1987   Indonesia 4–1   Burma Semi-finals 75,000
19 September 1987   Thailand 4–0   Burma Bronze medal match N/A
20 September 1987   Indonesia 1–0 (a.e.t.)   Malaysia Gold medal match 120,000

1997 Southeast Asian GamesEdit

Date Time (UTC+07) Team #1 Res. Team #2 Round Attendance
5 October 1997   Vietnam 0–1   Malaysia Group stage N/A
5 October 1997   Indonesia 5–2   Laos Group stage N/A
7 October 1997   Malaysia 4–0   Philippines Group stage N/A
7 October 1997   Indonesia 2–2   Vietnam Group stage N/A
9 October 1997   Laos 4–1   Philippines Group stage N/A
9 October 1997   Indonesia 4–0   Malaysia Group stage N/A
12 October 1997   Indonesia 2–0   Philippines Group stage N/A
12 October 1997   Vietnam 2–1   Laos Group stage N/A
14 October 1997   Vietnam 3–0   Philippines Group stage N/A
14 October 1997   Laos 1–0   Malaysia Group stage N/A
16 October 1997   Thailand 2–1   Vietnam Semi-finals N/A
16 October 1997   Indonesia 2–1   Singapore Semi-finals N/A
18 October 1997   Vietnam 1–0   Singapore Bronze medal match N/A
18 October 1997   Indonesia 1–1 (a.e.t.)
(2–4 pen.)
  Thailand Gold medal match 110,000

2002 AFF ChampionshipEdit

Date Time (UTC+07) Team #1 Res. Team #2 Round Attendance
15 December 2002 17:05   Indonesia 0–0   Myanmar Group stage 40,000
15 December 2002 19:35   Vietnam 9–2   Cambodia Group stage N/A
17 December 2002 16:05   Philippines 1–6   Myanmar Group stage N/A
17 December 2002 18:35   Indonesia 4–2   Cambodia Group stage 20,000
19 December 2002 16:05   Myanmar 5–0   Cambodia Group stage N/A
19 December 2002 18:35   Vietnam 4–1   Philippines Group stage N/A
21 December 2002 16:05   Cambodia 1–0   Philippines Group stage N/A
21 December 2002 18:35   Indonesia 2–2   Vietnam Group stage 30,000
23 December 2002 18:35   Indonesia 13–1   Philippines Group stage 50,340
27 December 2002 16:00   Vietnam 0–4   Thailand Semifinals N/A
27 December 2002 19:00   Indonesia 1–0   Malaysia Semifinals 50,000
29 December 2002 16:00   Vietnam 2–1   Malaysia Third place play-off N/A
29 December 2002 19:00   Indonesia 2–2 (a.e.t.)
(2–4 pen.)
  Thailand Final 100,000

2004 AFF ChampionshipEdit

Date Time (UTC+07) Team #1 Res. Team #2 Round Attendance
28 December 2004 19:45   Indonesia 1–2   Malaysia Semifinals first leg N/A
8 January 2005 19:45   Indonesia 1–3   Singapore Finals first leg N/A

2007 AFC Asian CupEdit

Date Time (UTC+07) Team #1 Res. Team #2 Round Attendance
10 July 2007 17:15   Indonesia 2–1   Bahrain Group D 60,000
11 July 2007 19:30   South Korea 1–1   Saudi Arabia Group D 15,000
14 July 2007 19:30   Saudi Arabia 2–1   Indonesia Group D 88,000
15 July 2007 19:30   Bahrain 2–1   South Korea Group D 9,000
18 July 2007 17:15   Indonesia 0–1   South Korea Group D 88,000
22 July 2007 20:15   Saudi Arabia 2–1   Uzbekistan Quarter-finals 12,000
29 July 2007 19:30   Iraq 1–0   Saudi Arabia Final 60,000

2008 AFF ChampionshipEdit

Date Time (UTC+07) Team #1 Res. Team #2 Round Attendance
5 December 2008 17:00   Singapore 5–0   Cambodia Group stage 18,000
5 December 2008 19:30   Indonesia 3–0   Myanmar Group stage 40,000
7 December 2008 17:00   Singapore 3–1   Myanmar Group stage 21,000
7 December 2008 19:30   Cambodia 0–4   Indonesia Group stage 30,000
9 December 2008 19:30   Indonesia 0–2   Singapore Group stage 50,000
16 December 2008 19:00   Indonesia 0–1   Thailand Semifinals first leg 70,000

2010 AFF ChampionshipEdit

Date Time (UTC+07) Team #1 Res. Team #2 Round Attendance
1 December 2010 17:00   Thailand 2–2   Laos Group stage N/A
1 December 2010 19:30   Indonesia 5–1   Malaysia Group stage 62,000
4 December 2010 17:00   Thailand 0–0   Malaysia Group stage N/A
4 December 2010 19:30   Laos 0–6   Indonesia Group stage N/A
7 December 2010 19:30   Indonesia 2–1   Thailand Group stage 65,000
16 December 2010 19:00   Philippines 0–1   Indonesia Semifinals first leg 70,000
19 December 2010 19:00   Indonesia 1–0   Philippines Semifinals second leg 88,000
29 December 2010 19:00   Indonesia 2–1   Malaysia Finals second leg 88,000

2011 Southeast Asian GamesEdit

Date Time (UTC+07) Team #1 Res. Team #2 Round Attendance
3 November 2011 16.00   Vietnam 3–1   Philippines Group stage N/A
3 November 2011 19.00   Laos 2–3   Myanmar Group stage N/A
7 November 2011 16.00   Singapore 0–0   Malaysia Group stage N/A
7 November 2011 19.00   Indonesia 6–0   Laos Group stage N/A
9 November 2011 16.00   Malaysia 2–1   Thailand Group stage N/A
9 November 2011 19.00   Cambodia 1–2   Singapore Group stage N/A
11 November 2011 14.00   Singapore 0–2   Indonesia Group stage N/A
11 November 2011 17.00   Thailand 4–0   Cambodia Group stage N/A
13 November 2011 16.00   Malaysia 4–1   Cambodia Group stage N/A
13 November 2011 19.00   Indonesia 3–1   Thailand Group stage N/A
17 November 2011 16.00   Thailand 0–2   Singapore Group stage N/A
17 November 2011 19.00   Indonesia 0–1   Malaysia Group stage N/A
19 November 2011 16.00   Malaysia 1–0   Myanmar Semifinals N/A
19 November 2011 19.00   Vietnam 0–2   Indonesia Semifinals N/A
21 November 2011 16.00   Myanmar 4–1   Vietnam Bronze medal match N/A
21 November 2011 19.30   Malaysia 1–1 (a.e.t.)
(4–3 pen.)
  Indonesia Gold medal match N/A

2018 AFC U-19 ChampionshipEdit

Date Time (UTC+07) Team #1 Result Team #2 Round Attendance
18 October 2018 16.00   United Arab Emirates 2–1   Qatar Group stage 2,124
18 October 2018 19.00   Indonesia 3–1   Chinese Taipei Group stage 17,320
21 October 2018 16.00   Chinese Taipei 1–8   United Arab Emirates Group stage 4,781
21 October 2018 19.00   Qatar 6–5   Indonesia Group stage 38,217
24 October 2018 19.00   Indonesia 1–0   United Arab Emirates Group stage 30,022
28 October 2018 16.00   Qatar 7–3 (a.e.t.)   Thailand Quarter-finals 16,758
28 October 2018 19.30   Japan 2–0   Indonesia Quarter-finals 60,154

2018 AFF ChampionshipEdit

Date Time (UTC+07) Team #1 Result Team #2 Round Attendance
13 November 2018 19.00   Indonesia 3–1   Timor-Leste Group stage 15,138
25 November 2018 19.00   Indonesia 0–0   Philippines Group stage 15,436

Other usesEdit

Other than sports, the stadium is also used for other events such as national ceremonies, political gatherings, admission exams, religious affairs, concerts, etc. Notable events include:

  • The Grand Catholic mass led by Pope John Paul II, in 9 October 1989[17]
  • The 100th anniversary of Indonesian National Awakening day, 20 May 2008[18]
  • The political rally for both of parliamentary and also presidential elections in 2004, 2009, 2014, and 2019. The 2019 final day campaign for both presidential candidates were held in this stadium. The final campaign were held on 7 and 13 April 2019 respectively. Each final campaign was attended by more 77,000 supporters, arguably the most attended one-day campaign rally in the history of Indonesian presidential campaign.[19]
  • Christmas event jointly organized by the Indonesia Bethel Church for the whole district since 2006 until now (only absent in 2012)
  • Indonesia Tiberias Church Christmas Services since 2000 until now (except in 2016 and 2017)[20]
  • HKBP Jubileum (147th in 2007 and 150th in 2011)
  • The 85th anniversary of Nahdlatul Ulama (2011)[21]
  • Admission exams for thousands Indonesian Ministry of Health civil servants applicants on 3 November 2013[22]

Concerts and showsEdit

Date Artists Events Attendance
4 & 5 December 1975 Deep Purple N/A 150,000
30 December 1988 Mick Jagger N/A 70,000
December 1993 Michael Jackson Dangerous World Tour   Cancelled
21 September 2011 Linkin Park A Thousand Suns World Tour 25,000
22 September 2012 SM Town Live World Tour III 50,000
9 March 2013 Music Bank World Tour 25,000
25 August 2013 Metallica N/A 60,000
13 December 2013 Slank N/A N/A
23 August 2014 RCTI 25th Anniversary N/A
25 March 2015 One Direction On the Road Again Tour 43,032
11 September 2015 Bon Jovi Bon Jovi Live! 40,000
8 November 2018 Guns N' Roses Not in This Lifetime... Tour N/A
3 May 2019 Ed Sheeran ÷ Tour 48,959

TransportEdit

KRL Commuterline providing the service through Palmerah railway station, within walking distance from the compound while Jakarta MRT provide the service through Istora Mandiri station. Two corridors of Transjakarta BRT also serving this area. An extension of currently under-construction Greater Jakarta LRT also planned to serve the western perimeter of the compound.

GalleryEdit

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ Zafna, Grandyos (12 January 2018). "Stadion Utama GBK juga Dilengkapi Empat Sky Box". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 21 January 2018.
  2. ^ "E-Booking Stadion Utama Gelora Bung Karno". gbk.id. Retrieved 3 October 2018.
  3. ^ "Jelang PSMS vs Persib, Kenangan Rekor 150.000 Penonton di Senayan". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Kompas Gramedia Group. 25 March 2017. Retrieved 10 December 2017.
  4. ^ Rindi Nuris Velarosdela (4 September 2018). "Mengenal Rumput Zeon Zoysia, Jenis Rumput Terbaik yang Dipasang di Stadion GBK". Kompas.com. Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  5. ^ Ahmad Fawwaz Usman (8 August 2017). "Menuju Asian Games 2018, Renovasi GBK Nyaris Rampung". Liputan6.com. Retrieved 30 November 2017.
  6. ^ Persija Hanya Bermarkas di Senayan hingga Jelang Bulan Ramadhan
  7. ^ Hadapi Persela, Persija Kembali ke Senayan
  8. ^ Bung Karno Stadium in Jakarta, Bung Karno Stadium, Bung Karno Stadium in Jakarta, Indonesia
  9. ^ M.F. Siregar, Matahari Olahraga Indonesia, page 82-83
  10. ^ Rahmat, Arby (12 January 2018). "Lampu Stadion GBK Saingi San Siro Milan". CNN Indonesia (in Indonesian). Retrieved 14 January 2018.
  11. ^ Baskoro, Rangga (12 January 2018). "SU GBK Jadi Stadion Paling Terang Di Asia". Tribunnews.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 12 January 2018.
  12. ^ "Gelora Bung Karno Main Stadium Ready for 2018 Asian Games". Jakarta Globe. 2018-01-13. Retrieved 2018-12-19.
  13. ^ Post, The Jakarta. "GBK stadium to go dark for Earth Hour". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 2018-12-19.
  14. ^ Diah, Femi (29 September 2017). "Wajah Terkini Stadion Utama GBK: Rasa Baru yang Makin Merah Putih". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 12 January 2018.
  15. ^ Raya, Mercy (12 January 2018). "Stadion Utama GBK Sudah Lebih Ramah Disabilitas". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 12 January 2018.
  16. ^ "Welcoming The New Face of Gelora Bung Karno Stadium". Tempo. Retrieved 2018-12-19.
  17. ^ Tempo online: Sang Gembala Itu Telah Datang
  18. ^ Rangkaian Peringatan 100 Tahun Kebangkitan Nasional
  19. ^ Rock stars turn Jokowi's final campaign rally into a free concert
  20. ^ Jawaban.com, CBN Indonesia 2014- (9 December 2018). "Setelah Dua Tahun, GTI Kembali Rayakan Natal di GBK". jawaban.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  21. ^ "30 Ribu Banser Amankan Harlah NU di Gelora Bung Karno". Tempo.co (in Indonesian). 17 July 2011. Retrieved 10 December 2017.
  22. ^ Ujian CPNS di Gelora Bung Karno

BibliographyEdit

  • Pour, Julius (2004), Dari Gelora Bung Karno ke Gelora Bung Karno (in Indonesian), Jakarta: Grasindo, ISBN 978-979-732-444-5.

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit