Kompas Gramedia Group

Kompas Gramedia is an Indonesian conglomerate. It has focused on several businesses, predominantly mass media, as well as hospitality, manufacturing, and event organizing.

Kompas Gramedia Group
Private
IndustryConglomerate
Founded17 August 1963; 57 years ago (1963-08-17)
FounderP. K. Ojong
Jakob Oetama
Headquarters,
Area served
Indonesia
Key people
Lilik Oetama (Chairman and CEO)
OwnerOetama family
SubsidiariesSantika Indonesia
Websitewww.kompasgramedia.com

The company's businesses comprises multiple divisions, such as: media assets, including Kompas daily newspaper; the Kompas TV television network; Sonora radio network; and the Gramedia bookstore chain; as well as: the Santika Indonesia hospitality chain; Dyandra event organization firm; and Graha Bumi Hijau, a tissue paper manufacturer known with its iconic brand Tessa.

HistoryEdit

After the success of the magazine Intisari (released 17 August 1963), P. K. Ojong and Jakob Oetama launched a national newspaper called Kompas. The newspaper's first issue was released on 28 June 1965.[1]

Their aim was to fill some of the huge gap in daily news and information that existed at that time. Kompas has since become a large circulation newspaper with an audited circulation in 2005 of 600,000 copies a day. The KGG also operates the largest printing plants in Indonesia.[citation needed]

Print mediaEdit

Kompas national newspaperEdit

Kompas began its first issue on 28 June 1965 and was based in Central Jakarta with a circulation of 4,800 copies. Since 1969, Kompas has dominated sales nationwide. In 2004, daily circulation reached 530,000 copies, its special Sunday edition even reaching 610,000 copies. Readership is expected to reach 2.25 million people in Indonesia. Kompas had an average circulation of 500,000 copies per day, reaching an average of 1,850,000 people per day.[2]

The newspaper is distributed to all parts of Indonesia. Kompas is not just the largest circulating printed media in Indonesia, but is also the largest circulating newspaper in southeast Asia.[3]

Following the introduction of the iPad, Kompas was the first printed media in southeast Asia to make a digital newspaper version for the iPad.[4] As of early 2014, Kompas News Portal is the second largest after detik.com.[5]

Tribun Network of regional newspapersEdit

PT Indopersda PrimamediaEdit

PT Indopersda Primamedia, one of KGG other business units, has been publishing regional newspapers since 1988. At present, the company publishes 18 regional newspapers,[6] including:

PT Metrogema Media NusantaraEdit

Warta KotaEdit

Warta Kota ("The City News") is a daily Indonesian morning newspaper published in Jakarta, Indonesia, serving the Jabodetabek area.[7] It is in a broadsheet format and published by PT Metrogema Media Nusantara, a subsidiary of Kompas Gramedia (KG), and part of The Tribun Network.

Warta Kota began publication after the Ministry of Information under the B.J. Habibie administration relaxed the procedures for applying for a business license (SIUPP) for print media.[8] Indonesia's national newspaper, Kompas (a subsidiary of KG), up until 1998, had designated only two pages per issue for news in Jakarta and its surroundings which were mostly filled with advertisements, even though the newspaper was published in Jakarta.[9] To fill this void, Warta Kota was created. Warta Kota was first published on May 3, 1999 in the midst of the 1999 general election campaign.[9]

MagazinesEdit

Intisari Magazine, the first publication by Gramedia Magazine in 1963, is still in circulation today. This business unit also handles 43 tabloids and magazine titles (30 originals and 13 licensed) as well as successful comic series and other books titles such as:

Licensed magazinesEdit

Licensed magazine titles include:

Online mediaEdit

Tribun NewsEdit

Tribun News is an exclusively online newsite and part of the Tribun Network, owned by the Kompas Gramedia Group. Tribun News was cited by Andalas University in 2018 as the most popular nationally-hosted website in Indonesia, with 183.2 million visits per month.[10] It was ranked at 38 in the world's most popular websites by traffic as of April 16, 2020 by Alexa Internet.[11]

In January 2019, Tribun News was among the seven Indonesian online media with the highest viewership, and total online media reached 150 million Indonesians, or 56% of the population.[12]

Hospitality businessEdit

Since 1981, Kompas Gramedia Group spread to the hospitality business, under PT Grahawita Santika. The owning and management company Hotel Santika opened its first hotel in Bandung. Upon its success, Santika constructed new hotels around Indonesia’s big cities. All of the four-star Santika hotels are categorized in Santika Premiere and the remaining hotels are still listed as Hotel Santika.

In 2006, the hotel launched the new branch of hospitality in a form of boutique villas known as The Royal Collection. Another addition to the hospitality business by Kompas Gramedia Group is the Amaris Brand. This brand serves a wide range of customers, from two-star hotels to luxurious villa properties.[13][14]

BookshopsEdit

Gramedia was first established on 2 February 1970, owned and managed by PT Gramedia Asri Media (GAM), a wholly owned subsidiary of KGG. GAM is the retail distribution channel for KGG which also handles foreign publishers and partners. The first bookstore is in Jalan Gajah Mada, West Jakarta.

KGG went on to set up PT Gramedia, a printing plant in Jakarta in 1972 in order to meet the ever-increasing needs of the newspapers and magazines. Gramedia offers books, stationery, office supplies, sport supplies, high-technology products, and others.[15]

PublishingEdit

In 1973 KGG formed Gramedia Pustaka Utama (GPU) and began publishing its first titles. This company enjoyed outstanding success and today publishes more than 600 titles a year.

HandbooksEdit

The group has met demands for technological as well as educational publications. PT Elex Media Komputindo (EMK), founded in 1985, publishes books on computers and electronics. EMK also publishes technology related business and management books, comics, educational books, and computer software. Annually EMK publishes about 1500 new titles, 51% of which are translations from foreign works. PT Prima Info Sarana Media issues computer magazine Infokomputer and Tabloid PC Plus as well as home and interior design tabloid Rumah.

Educational publishingEdit

In 1990 PT Gramedia Widiasarana Indonesia, popularly known as Grasindo, was started to concentrate on school textbooks and other educational materials for kindergarten, primary and secondary schools. It now publishes around 300 new titles a year.

BroadcastingEdit

RadioEdit

1973 saw the inception of PT Radio Sonora (RS) which broadcast mainly into metropolitan Jakarta. Now RS has other radio stations in cities such as Surabaya (East Java), Yogyakarta (DI Yogyakarta), Pangkalpinang (Bangka Belitung), Pontianak (West Kalimantan), Palembang (South Sumatra), Bandung, Cirebon (West Java), Semarang, Solo, Purwokerto (Central Java), Bali, Palangkaraya, Banjarbaru, Makassar, and Medan.

TelevisionEdit

To complete its core business alignment, KGG founded PT Duta Visual Nusantara Tivi Tujuh, popularly known as TV7, in 2001. TV7 provides family entertainment programmes (news, children's programmes, sports, and movie films). In 2006, Trans Corp (currently Trans Media), the owner of Trans TV, bought 55% of TV7 shares and changed its name to Trans 7.

On 9 September 2011, KGG launched the television network Kompas TV.[16] In 2009, KGG launched the local TV station, Karawang Citra Televisi. They also operate K-Vision, a satellite television services provider.

Current operationsEdit

KGG's core business enterprises remain in the information, communication and education business. The group also has diversified interests including hotels (the Santika premium nationwide chain of hotels), development of real estate (PT Permata Media Land), tissue paper production (PT Graha Kerindo Utama), and travel bureau (PT Ina Media Wisatamas).

KGG operates computer schools under LPKT, holding the master license for Futurekids (Indonesia). KGG also operates ELTI (English Language Training International) schools. The group has two cultural centres in Jakarta and Yogyakarta under the name of Bentara Budaya. These house the company's antique collections, and the halls are often used for discussions on culture and also serve as an art gallery.

KGG's products range from books (local and imported) to accessories (stationery, digital/IT and multimedia, sports and music). Currently, 80% of Gramedia's book stock is local works produced in Indonesia or foreign materials that have been translated into Indonesian. These include books on various subjects and themes, study materials, assessment books, road directory, magazines and comics.

As of December 2016, there are eight monthly printed magazines or tabloids (Kawanku, Sinyal, Chip, Chip Foto Video, What Hi Fi, Auto Expert, Car and Turning Guide, and Motor), which were transformed into online publications.[17]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Nadeak, Carry (14 August 2008). "P. K. Ojong dan Jakob Oetama: Membuka Isolasi Mencerdaskan Bangsa". Gatra (in Indonesian). ISSN 0853-1706. Archived from the original on 1 July 2010. Retrieved 1 July 2010.
  2. ^ "Kompas Gramedia". Retrieved 8 May 2013.
  3. ^ "Nama Kompas Pemberian Bung Karno". Archived from the original on 3 October 2013. Retrieved 8 May 2013.
  4. ^ "Kompas is the first Daily Newspaper in Asia on the iPad". Retrieved 8 May 2013.
  5. ^ "Bismillah, Tahun Ini Tiga Besar Newsportal Nasional". 21 March 2014.
  6. ^ "Regional Newspaper". Retrieved 8 May 2013.
  7. ^ "Media". Kompas Gramedia. Retrieved 7 September 2020.
  8. ^ Note: PT Metrogema Media Nusantara received SIUPP license No. 726/SK/MENPEN/SIUPP/1998, dated 19 November 1998 for Warta Kota's establishment.
  9. ^ a b "Sejarah Harian Warta Kota". Kompas Gramedia. Archived from the original on 7 January 2015. Retrieved 7 September 2020.
  10. ^ Tribunnews.com Website Lokal Paling Diminati Netizen [Tribunnews.com Local Website Most Attracted by Netizens], Andalas University Library (pustaka.unand.ac.id), May 23, 2018
  11. ^ "Alexa Top 500 Global Sites". Alexa Internet. Archived from the original on April 16, 2010. Retrieved June 27, 2020.
  12. ^ Debra L. Merskin (2019), "Indonesia: Internet", The SAGE International Encyclopedia of Mass Media and Society, SAGE Publications
  13. ^ Santika, Hotel. "Santika". Retrieved 8 May 2013.
  14. ^ "PIK". Retrieved 8 May 2013.
  15. ^ "Kompas Gramedia Group". Retrieved 8 May 2013.
  16. ^ "Kompas" di Layar Kaca Diluncurkan Malam Ini; no info
  17. ^ Larissa Huda (December 19, 2016). "Kompas Gramedia Stops Printing 8 Magazines, Tabloids".

External linksEdit