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Kompas is an Indonesian national newspaper. Published by Kompas Gramedia, it has been in publication since 28 June 1965.
|Amanat Hati Nurani Rakyat|
(The Mandate of People's Conscience)
|Founder(s)||P. K. Ojong and Jakob Oetama|
|Publisher||PT Kompas Media Nusantara|
|Founded||28 June 1965|
|Ceased publication||1965, 1978 (temporary)|
|Headquarters||Kompas Gramedia Building|
Jl. Palmerah Selatan No. 22 – 28
|Circulation||average of 500,000|
Kompas also manages an online portal KOMPAS.id, which contains updated news and the digital version of the paper.
The paper was first suggested by General Ahmad Yani, then commander of the Indonesian Army, to Frans Seda, a government minister and leader of the Catholic Party. Yani encouraged Seda to publish a newspaper that was representative of the Catholic Party faction, in order to counter the communist propaganda spearheaded by the PKI.
Seda sounded out the idea to his friends, P.K. Ojong and Jakob Oetama. Ojong subsequently agreed to undertake the project and Oetama became its first editor-in-chief. Later the newspaper's mission was changed to become one that is independent and free from any political factions.
The publication was initially named Bentara Rakyat (People's Herald). At President Sukarno's suggestion, it was renamed to Kompas (Compass), for the direction-finding instrument.
Kompas began publication on 28 June 1965 from an office in central Jakarta. Its circulation grow from initial circulation of 4,800 copies in 1965 to around 500,000 in 2014. Since 1969, it has been the largest national Indonesian language newspaper in Indonesia. Kompas reached its peak circulation in 2004, when its daily circulation reached some 530,000 copies, and its Sunday edition, 610,000 copies. Readership totaled some 2.25 million. In 2014 its circulation reached 507,000, with 66% circulating in Greater Jakarta.
Like many major daily newspapers, Kompas is divided into three major parts: a front section containing national and international news, a business and finance section, and a sports section.
In 1988, Kompas is the first newspaper to do a trial of sending news through internet, while during that time, internet was not that popular in Indonesia. Internet news delivery was first done by the newspaper's sport division in September 1988 when covering the Seoul Olympics that same year. In 1993, while covering SEA Games in Singapore, Kompas is the first Indonesian newspaper to send a picture through internet.
On 14 September 1995, its internet news division, Kompas.com was born as Kompas Online. At that time, the website uses .co.id domain before switching to .com domain a year later. In 1998, Kompas Online was rebranded as Kompas Cyber Media, and rebranded again in 2008 as Kompas.com. Aside the rebranding, the internet news division still uses www.kompas.com domain to this day.
Kompas began its first issue with a circulation of 4,800 copies. Since 1969, the newspaper dominates sales nationwide. In 2004, daily circulation reached 530,000 copies, special edition of Sunday to even reach 610,000 copies. Readers of Kompas is expected to reach 2.25 million people in Indonesia. Kompas print edition had an average circulation of 500,000 copies per day, with the average number of readers reached 1,850,000 people per day. 
The paper is distributed to all parts of Indonesia. With a circulation an average of 500,000 copies per day and reached 600,000 copies for the Sunday edition, Kompas is not just the largest circulating printed media in Indonesia, but also it is the largest circulating newspaper in southeast Asia. Since the introduction of the iPad, Kompas was the first print media in Asia that made its own digital newspaper version for iPad.
The first regional section included in the paper was for East Java in 2003. This was followed by Central Java, Yogyakarta, West Java, and two other Sumatran regional sections. However, in January 2011, the newspaper closed down regional sections and returned to a uniform edition nationwide. No clear reason was given for the action.
- "Kompas Gramedia". Retrieved 8 May 2013.
- "Kompas Media Kit 2014" (PDF). Kompas. Retrieved 29 October 2015.
- "Kompas Gramedia". Retrieved 8 May 2013.
- "Nama Kompas Pemberian Bung Karno". Retrieved 8 May 2013.
- "Kompas is the first daily newspaper in Asia on the iPad". Retrieved 8 May 2013.
- "Kompas Closes Down Regional Sections". The Indonesia Today.
- (in Indonesian) Official site