A newspaper of record is a major newspaper with large circulation whose editorial and news-gathering functions are considered authoritative. It may also refer to a newspaper that has been authorised to publish public or legal notices, thus serving as a newspaper of public record.
Newspapers of public recordEdit
A "newspaper of public record", sometimes referred to as a government gazette, refers to a publicly available newspaper that has been authorized by a government to publish public or legal notices. It is often established by statute or official action and publication of notices within it, whether by the government or a private party, is usually considered sufficient to comply with legal requirements for public notice.
In some jurisdictions, privately owned newspapers may register with the public authorities to publish public and legal notices, or be otherwise eligible to publish said notices (terms used may include "newspaper of general circulation" among others). Likewise, a private newspaper may be designated by the courts for publication of legal notices, such as notices of fictitious business names, if certain judicial and statutory standards are met. These are sometimes referred to as "legally adjudicated newspapers".
Newspapers of record by reputationEdit
The second type of "newspaper of record" (also known as a "journal of record", or by the French term presse de référence) is not defined by any formal criteria and its characteristics can be variable. The category typically consists of those newspapers that are considered to meet higher standards of journalism than most print media, including editorial independence and attention to accuracy, and are usually renowned internationally. Despite changes in society, such newspapers have historically tended to maintain a similar tone, coverage, style, and traditions.
The term is believed to have originated among librarians who began referring to The New York Times as the "newspaper of record" when it became the first U.S. newspaper in 1913 to publish an index of the subjects covered in its pages. In recognition of the usage, The New York Times held an essay contest in 1927 in which entrants had to demonstrate "The Value of The New York Times Index and Files as a Newspaper of Record". The New York Times, and other newspapers of its type, then sought to be chroniclers of events, acting as a record of the day's announcements, schedules, directories, proceedings, transcripts and appointments. The New York Times no longer considers itself a newspaper of record in the original, literal sense.
Over time, historians began to rely on The New York Times and similar titles as a reliable archival record of significant past events and a gauge of societal opinions at the time of printing. The term "newspaper of record" evolved from its original literal sense to its currently understood meaning.
- Staff split in 1864 to form Neue Freie Presse, aryanized by the Nazis in 1938 and closed in 1939, reestablished as Die Presse in 1946.
- Successor to The Globe (founded 1844), The Toronto Mail (1872) and Toronto Empire (1887); papers merged in 1895 and 1936.
- Spun off from El Mercurio de Valparaíso (founded 1827).
- Le Figaro is France's oldest national newspaper still operating to this date.
- Founded as a successor to the discredited collaborationist Le Temps (founded 1861).
- Considered a successor to the Frankfurter Zeitung (founded 1856), banned in 1943 by the Nazis.
- Named The Bombay Times and Journal of Commerce until mergers in 1860–1.
- Originated as the Swahili Taifa in 1958.
- Founded as Pagaidu Valdības Vēstnesis in 1918, closed 1940–1991, current form since 1993.
- Spun off from The Straits Times (founded 1845) upon Singapore's independence.
- Merger of Algemeen Handelsblad (founded 1828) and Nieuwe Rotterdamsche Courant (1844).
- Dissolved in 1931 and revived in 1944, second dissolution in 1951, revived again in 1982.
- Merger of Journal de Genève (founded 1826), Gazette de Lausanne (1798), and Nouveau Quotidien (1991).
- Named The Daily Universal Register until 1788.
- De facto paper of record replacing the government-run Zimbabwe Herald.
- Martin, Shannon E. (1998). Newspapers of Record in a Digital Age: From Hot Type to Hot Link. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers. p. 1. ISBN 0-275-95960-0.
- Martin, Shannon E. (1998). Newspapers of record in a digital age: from hot type to hot link. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers. p. 5. ISBN 0-275-95960-0.
- Black's Law Dictionary, 6th edn. West Publishing. 1990. ISBN 90-6544-631-1.
- See, for example, L.N. 362 of 1997 of The Government of The Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Gazette
- For example, see Texas Local Government Code - Section 52.004. Official Newspaper
- "City of McCleary, Official Newspaper".
- See, e.g., "California Government Code, Sec. 6000 - 6008". California Legislative Information. California State Legislature. Retrieved 12 March 2020.
- "New York General Construction Law Section 60".
- "Fictitious Names: Adjudicated Newspapers". County Clerk. County of Sonoma. Retrieved 4 October 2012.
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- Martin, Shannon (1998). Newspapers of Record in a Digital Age: From Hot Type to Hot Link. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers. pp. 6, 27, 31. ISBN 0275959600.
- Martin, Shannon E. (1998). Newspapers of record in a digital age: from hot type to hot link. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers. p. 7. ISBN 0-275-95960-0.
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In spite of the readership crisis in the United States, The New York Times is a newspaper of record in many countries, as is Le Monde in France or La Nación in Argentina.
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It is the...country's newspaper of record. O Estado is sometimes called the "New York Times of Latin America" because of its grave editorial demeanour.
- Fabricio, Roberto (16 April 1992). "Brazilian Officers Issue Manifesto". Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved 10 October 2013.
The statement, published on Tuesday by O Estado de Sao Paulo, Brazil's newspaper of record, was datelined in Fortaleza, a mid-sized city in northeastern Brazil.
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[T]he Toronto-based Globe and Mail has had the kind of success in Canada that the New York Times had enjoyed in the U.S., as the leading 'newspaper of record' with a national readership.
- Jiwani, Yasmin (2009). "Helpless Maidens and Chivalrous Knights: Afghan Women in the Canadian Press". University of Toronto Quarterly. 2. 78 (2): 728–744. doi:10.3138/utq.78.2.728.
This essay interrogates representations of Afghan women in the Globe and Mail, Canada's major English-language daily and newspaper of record.
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- Middle East Institute, 1950, p. 155.|quote=Al Ahram is... what The Times is to Englishmen and the New York Times to Americans
- Perreault, Gregory (2011). "Islam is Everywhere": Coverage of Islam in the English Egyptian Press". Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly: 14. Retrieved 10 October 2013.
This is significant because the state-run Al Ahram is considered the paper of record in Egypt
- Muir, Simo; Worther, Hana (2013). Finland's Holocaust: Silences of History. ISBN 978-1137302649.
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... one of the great newspapers of France and of the world.
- "Le Monde, whose print edition comes out around lunchtime, was launched at the end of Nazi occupation of France in 1944 and took on the role of France's newspaper of record alongside the more conservative Le Figaro." - France's Le Monde newspaper editor quits after power struggle with staff, Reuters, 14 May 2014
- "A capital crisis may bring down leftist French paper / Liberation, founded in 1968, has seen circulation plummet". San Francisco Chronicle. 27 October 2006. Retrieved 25 February 2017.
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... one of the most important and widely respected newspapers in the world.
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Le Monde - respected national daily, considered to be France's newspaper of record
- "Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung | German newspaper". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 25 March 2018.
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The clippings are from the South China Morning Post, the paper of record in Hong KongCS1 maint: location (link)
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- Dwan, David (April 2009). "The Irish Times, book review". The London Standard. Archived from the original on 27 May 2014. Retrieved 26 May 2014.
Today, the Irish Times is one of Ireland's most authoritative journals – the newspaper of record for political and intellectual elites from Mayo to Monkstown. Mark O'Brien provides a detailed and colourful account of this transformation. His history of the Irish Times is also the story of modern Ireland: it tracks the newspaper's sceptical response to the emergence of the Free State in 1922 and the declaration of the Republic in 1949; it also examines its fractious relationship with the nation's governments and political figureheads from Eamon de Valera (whom the paper repeatedly compared to Hitler) to Bertie Ahern.
- Israel — Hebrew- and English-Language Media Guide Open Source Center (16 September 2008)
- Levey, Gregory (21 August 2008). "Pushing right-wing American politics — in Israel". Salon. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
In the past few months, Haaretz, Israel's paper of record, has run a series of articles expressing misgivings about outside influence.
- Rosen, Brant (11 May 2010). "Alan Dershowitz and the Politics of Desperation". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
Recent polling, alongside articles in both the New York Times and the Israeli paper of record, Ha'aretz, indicate that the American Jewish community no longer feels represented by our so-called representatives - if we ever did.
- Gorenberg, Gershom (September 2002). "The Thin Green Line". Mother Jones. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
In late January, the declaration ran as an ad in Ha'aretz, the national paper of record...
- Israely, Jeff; Macleod, Scott (1 June 2003). "Editing Out Criticism". Time. Archived from the original on 27 March 2013.
- Grove, Lloyd (6 February 1998). "Diplomatic Affinity". Los Angeles Times.
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... it appears with its rival on most experts’ lists of the world's greatest newspapers.
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- Benesch, Susan (21 March 2013). "The Kenyan Elections: Peace Happened". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 10 October 2013.
Kenya's newspaper of record, the Daily Nation, published a banner headline "Never Again" over an editorial with a sharp, eloquent warning
- Purs, Aldis; Plakans, Andrejs (2 May 2017). Historical Dictionary of Latvia. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 90. ISBN 9781538102213.
- House, Freedom (13 September 2004). Nations in Transit 2004: Democratization in East Central Europe and Eurasia. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. p. 342. ISBN 9781461731412.
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- Waterfield, Bruno (4 March 2010). "Geert Wilders on course to be next Dutch prime minister". The Daily Telegraph.
- University of California. "The Netherlands Semester and Academic Year 2011-12 Program Guide" (PDF). Education Abroad Program. p. 31. Retrieved 10 April 2019.
NRC Handelsblad is a serious newspaper of record; as is De Volkskrant, which is read by many students.
- Lowe, Kristine (8 July 2008). "Online Journalism Scandinavia: Norway's Aftenposten to webcast editorial meetings". Editors Blog. Journalism.co.uk.
- Rashid, Ahmed (4 July 2018). "The assault on Pakistan media ahead of vote". BBC. Retrieved 3 December 2020.
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- I. Roberto Eisenmann Jr. (14 June 1989). "Panama Might Still Brake the New Narco-Militarism". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 6 March 2016. Retrieved 28 August 2012.
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- "Major Broadsheets in the Philippines". Philippine Primer. 20 February 2016. Retrieved 24 September 2020.
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- "Actor-politicians and understanding the vote of the poor". The Manila Times. 6 July 2014. Retrieved 19 November 2016.
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... wrote a commentary in the Jan. 26 issue of Politika, the Serbian newspaper of record and the oldest daily in the Balkans.
- McCullough, Colin; Wilson, Nathan (15 September 2014). Violence, Memory, and History: Western Perceptions of Kristallnacht. Routledge. p. 88. ISBN 978-1-134-75777-0.
As of July 1936, ABC in Madrid, a conservative newspaper of record and the largest Spanish daily, was seized by the Popular Front
- Magnussen, Anne (2020). Spanish Comics: Historical and Cultural Perspectives. Berghahn. p. 63. ISBN 9781789209976.
ABC, the newspaper of record in Franco's Spain
- Phillips, Lindsay (18 December 2002). "Spanish and U.S. Relationship During the "War on Terror"". EU Notes — Texas A&M University. Archived from the original on 15 June 2010. Retrieved 12 May 2010.
- "Immigrants outraged over Sweden's racial profiling". The Standard. 15 March 2013. Retrieved 10 October 2013.
Dagens Nyheter, Sweden's paper of record.
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- The Quality of the Media Archived 24 September 2015 at the Wayback Machine, main findings, Research Department on Public Opinion and Society (FÖG) of the University of Zurich, 2012.
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... long the newspaper of record in the United States and one of the world's great newspapers.
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